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Most Important Pieces of U.S. Banking Financial Sector Legislation Essay

… ¶ … U.S. Banking/Financial Sector Legislation in the Last 50 Years

The past half century has been a turbulent period in America's banking and financial sector history based on a need for news laws in an increasingly globalized marketplace. Although a number of important pieces of legislation were enacted during the period from 1960 to 2010, an argument can be made that the three most important were the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Financial Services Modernization Act of 1999 and the Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994. In support of this argument, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature concerning these three acts, followed by a summary of the research and important findings in the conclusion.

Review and Discussion…. [read more]

Strategic Perspectives Sberbank Case Study

… S. dollar and euro transactions. (Sberbak Receives Annual STP Excellence Awards 2009) When you put these two elements together, this shows how Sberbank is implementing its strategy, by expanding into countries where customers have different operations. This helps to improve the effectiveness of the products and services they are offering, by allowing the institution to address each customer's needs. At the same time, the high quality services for financial products and transactions are helping them to be known for addressing all of the needs of the customers (by giving them the best products / services possible). Over the course of time, this will help Sberbank be able to address the demands of various businesses.

The possible barriers that the bank could face, is the fact…. [read more]

Career Orientation of Bank Managers in Pakistan a Private Public Sector Comparison Term Paper

… ¶ … benchmark regarding bank manager careers in Pakistan. Islamic banking is a growing feature of banking in the region, and Pakistan as a nation has expressed interest in being the banker of that region. That being so, it is instructive to note that the managers who worked under the old regime are significantly less optimistic than the newer, younger managers working in the growth industry of Islamic banking. They also seem, if not satisfied with their career paths, at least resigned to their fate and accepting that maintaining their jobs and what vestiges of ethical behaviour they could was sufficient. On the other hand, bank managers who had experience banking in nations in which banking had less tumultuous history, as well as those who…. [read more]

Credit Crunch on UK Residential Property Dissertation

… ¶ … credit crunch on UK Residential property: Is there an opportunity for the buy-To- let?

The effect of the credit crunch on UK residential property: Is there an opportunity for the buy-to-let?

The economic crisis which emerged within the American real estate sector has expanded throughout the world and it has even come to impact the residential real estate sector in the United Kingdom. The manifestation here is however different, due to elements of particularity, namely the housing crisis and the national dependence on the real estate industry. In this context however, a new opportunity is identified, that of buy-to-let purchases, which are however only perceived as a temporary interest and opportunity for investors.


The twenty first century has brought about a wide…. [read more]

Pharmaceutical Industries Have to Operate Term Paper

… The data that was evaluated was a combination from book, journal articles, review papers and the Internet. The information reviewed pertained to a wide variety of situations and industries. There were some common trends observed in all the material. The commitment of the management and the involvement of the worker are critical no matter what the condition of the external and internal environment the company faces. Integrating the core function -- marketing and sale of products along with the goals and the objectives of the organization is the new route the organization has to now follow.

A distillation of the interviews will be provided in Chapter 2.


Understanding the main…. [read more]

International Marketing Comparison of Spain Term Paper

… At the same time, there is now the threat of the country becoming economically stagnant, and according to Financial Times of London, the rate of growth is expected to fall below 3%. Earlier, the same economic programs had led to rapid growth of the economy. Some of the reasons are the high growth of temporary and part-time employment. (A Cracked Foundation for Spain's Economy)

In Spain there is a distinct tendency of the people in Catalan area to refer to the rest of Spain as Spain. They do not say that they are going to Madrid, but say that they are going to Spain, as if it was a different country. This attitude is also reflected in the elections to the local government where the…. [read more]

Vision Report on Business Term Paper

… Vision

Report on business

Report on doing business between developing and developed

The current paper is a report on assessment of scope of business development in Chinese Textile sector by UK Multinational Firm. The researcher has analyzed the current state of Chinese economy, infrastructure, rules and regulations for Foreign Direct Investment as well as cultural and economical conditions in order to decide whether the UK-based multinational firm should export its products or establish operations in China.

In addition to this the author explored the potential for investment in Garment Sector assessing the laws for investment as well as availability of infrastructure and labor in this sector. The researcher has also described potential risks foe establishing business in China.

Investment in China

Foreign direct investment (FDI)…. [read more]

Inflation Unemployment and Phillips Curve in China Dissertation

… Inflation, Unemployment and Phillips Curve in China

Research particularities

Inflation, unemployment and their definitions

The problem of inflation

The definition of inflation

Measures of inflation

How inflation is measured

Global values of inflation

Types of inflation

Issues raised by inflation

The problem of unemployment

The definition of unemployment

Measures of unemployment

How unemployment is measured

Global values of inflation

Issues of unemployment

The Phillips curve

Defining the Phillips curve

The original Phillips curve

Mathematics behind the original Phillips curve

The modified Phillips curve

Mathematics behind the modified Phillips curve

Two Phillips curves

The Phillips curve in China

General information about China

People's Republic of China interest rates

Phillips curves in China

Relationship between inflation and unemployment in short-term and long-term

The real estate bubble in…. [read more]

Real Estate Funding Chapter Term Paper

… Real Estate Funding Chapter



So you want to buy a residential property and you aren't sure how to go about it. Don't worry - you are not alone. People all over the world want to own their own home and this desire has manifested itself in some interesting ways in the historical record. In Anglo-American law, for example, it was possible to claim a certain amount of land for one's family by simply erecting a simple structure that had a door and to have a fire burning in some type of fireplace by dawn just a few hundred years ago. For more than a hundred years, citizens of the…. [read more]

Retirement Portability Term Paper

… Retirement portability is a hot topic globally; as the economy forces job-hopping work life habits on more and more workers, it is necessary to be able to accrue funds for retirement; under traditional pension plans, retirement funding was lost when workers changed companies. The advent of the 402(k) changed that for companies that offered the plans; however, it also pushed more of the burden of retirement planning and preparation onto the wage earner. For low-wage earners, this was difficult because they often had nothing to put aside. The problem of portability is not unique to the United States, and it is likely there are lessons to be learned concerning achieving fairness, adequacy and efficiency in pensions, based on mandatory, universal, portable plans.


Establish a…. [read more]

Entrepreneurial Leadership Styles a Comparative Study of Sweden and China International Business Term Paper

… Entrepreneurial Leadership Styles - Comparative Study of Sweden and China

In recent years, researchers have contributed different causes as responsible for the success of a country's economic system, and as a result, differing models for economic growth suggest multiple possible paths for success. Two countries of notable global success, attributable to each of its' entrepreneurial leadership skills, are Sweden and China. The world is changing fast, and China is now an important part of the global economy. However, cooperation in Europe is growing closer and broader. Sweden is a small nation with a history of major success on the global market, success that has been attributable to the Swedish business sector's strong position and skilled company leaders. This paper will offer a comparative study of…. [read more]

Perceptions of Foreign UK Retail Brands by Thai Consumers on Marks and Spencer Research Proposal

… Perceptions of foreign UK retail brand's by Thai consumers on marks&spencer

Perceptions of foreign UK retail brands by Thai consumers on Marks & Spencer

The modern day economic climate represents the final embodiment of the desires of classic economists such as David Ricardo or Adam Smith. While Smith's theory of the invisible hand has yet to be fully adopted, Ricardo's theory of the comparative advantage is more obvious now than it has ever been. And this is due to the incremental forces of globalization which allow economic agents to transcend boundaries and benefit from the comparative advantages of other states.

At a primary level, economic agents transcend boundaries to benefit from the cost efficient labor force available in the destination country. Aside from cheap workforce…. [read more]

World Poor Thesis

… ¶ … aloud or in writing, making the reflective report exercise a valuable addition to the learning process. This reflective report recounts the events that took place during the research process for the study, "Identifying Marketing Opportunities to Combat Global Poverty," including a recollection of individual experiences, the personal feeling and learning that were experienced, as well as the group dynamics and learning that were derived from the experience. A review of lessons learned that can be used in future projects is followed by a summary of the reflective report entries in the conclusion.

Recollection of Experiences

Perhaps the overriding perception that emerged during the earliest phases of the research process concerned the extent of the problem of global poverty and how it affected the…. [read more]

Impact of Global Technological Advancements on the Jamaican Economy Term Paper

… ¶ … Global Technological Advancements on the Jamaican Economy

Advances in information communication technology (ICT) have led to changes in the economies of developing nations that are forcing them to conduct business in the global marketplace. ICT development has led to an integrated marketplace that means businesses that never had access to the international marketplace now can engage in business on a global level. However, in order to receive the benefits that this new technology has to offer developing nations must have the infrastructure and social structures in place to allow their population to take advantage.

Manufacturing is a growing sector, but resource-based production remains the mainstay of the economy. As resource-based economic pursuits are dwindling, the Jamaican economy must undergo some drastic changes if…. [read more]

Hedge Fund Regulation Research Proposal

… Hedge Fund Regulation

The purpose of this document is to examine hedge fund regulation shift specifically as related to SEC regulations from systemic fraud fears begun in 1998 by the Failure of Long-Term Capital Management. This work will further examine the protection fears of investors resulting from the Bernie Madoff scandal and will examine as well systemic risk fears in recent financial crisis with emphasis on hedge funds. Toward these ends this work will examine online documentation available via the Internet

A 'hedge fund' is "a private investment vehicle that is less regulated than traditional investment companies." (Shadab, 2007)

Shadab explains that the hedge fund is thus named due to the role the fund plays in 'hedging' "against downturns in more conventional investments." (2007)

Historically,…. [read more]

Predatory Lending and the Subprime Mortgage Crisis Seminar Paper

… Predatory Lending and the Subprime Mortgage Crisis

The issues with subprime mortgages are recognized by now, with many evasions and consequences for businesses and financiers in a similar way. A lot of writers have been swift to charge what they call hungry, predatory lenders who oppressed poor, simple and uneducated borrowers. This is expected for the reason that lenders have been blamed of many comparable sins in earlier periods. For instance, the uproar following the printing of Apgar et al. (2006)

, which has been extensively deduces as proof of racial bigotry, is renowned. So far other explanations of the data exist, with Elliehausen & Staten (2004) being a well-known case in point.

Analysts state that minorities disburse bigger overages or yield spreads than Caucasians,…. [read more]

Delphi Study: Influence of Environmental Literature Review

… Green IT and energy costs

Although IT devices consume energy, you can use them to control energy, particularly electricity consumption.

You can use IT systems to take care of building management. For example, using movement sensors, thermostats can be adjusted, lights switched on and off, and computers switched off out of hours and reawakened for software upgrades.

One of the biggest challenges in reducing electricity consumption is ensuring that electricity users can monitor their own consumption. What gets measured gets managed -- once people are aware of their consumption, they can go about reducing it. This isn't yet common practice, even in data centers. But, with new smart metering technologies, organizations could monitor the electricity usage of individual departments. Departments could be charged for usage,…. [read more]

Cities in International Politics Research Proposal

… City Diplomacy: The Increasing Role of Cities in International Politics

Over the past several decades, there has been a tendency for cities to be involved internationally and this is stated to demonstrate that demonstrates that the maintenance of international relations is no longer exclusively the domain of national governments. This is because cities are beginning to step into their own place on the international stage. The following thesis focuses on city diplomacy and the increasing role of cities in the use of diplomatic tools in the international relations arena. Relations among states are managed through diplomacy and by diplomats however, diplomacy is also used by local governments in their defense of certain interests in the international community.

Cities, ruled by local governments, have gained acceptance…. [read more]

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