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Music Appreciation Essay

… Music Appreciation

Describe the characteristics of the twentieth-century concept of melody. Refer to at least one listening example in your response. (Textbook p.301-302, 309-310)

Melody only seems to have taken a back seat in contemporary music when compared to old times. Melodies of innovative new composers are often hard to read as they turn to scales which are not the minor and major, seeking to find inspiration from the medieval, whole-tone, pentatonic and other diverse fold scales. In addition the angular contour of the contemporary melodies renders it difficult for both the listener and performer. Melodies with distant notes have been referred to as, "Instrumentals" because they are easier to play than to sing. Octave displacement is a new technique used by the composers when…. [read more]

Music and Personality Term Paper

… Over 3500 participants covering multiple samples, geographic regions, and methods were used. Questionnaires, and opinion polls were used to formulate the final instrument; Short Test of Music Preferences (STOMP). Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was also performed using the LISREL.

Studies 1-3 used from 70-1700 University of Austin undergraduate students, while 4 was an online study using participants from all over the United States. Experiment 5 used 7 judges, representing a variety of musical tastes, while 6 used samples from study 2 and 3 to assess personality. The Big Five Inventory was used.

The data showed that music was an important aspect of people's lives and one they engaged in frequently in different situations. Participants believed that their music preferences mirrored significant aspects of their personalities…. [read more]

Music and Psychology Thesis

… Music and Psychology

The power and importance of music from a psychological and philosophical standpoint has been discussed and explored in many studies and theses. The saying that music has the power to "calm the savage beast" refers to the commonly accepted notion that music can influence the mind and consciousness and has healing and recuperative powers. This has led to the study of musicology and various disciplines that investigate the qualities and nature of music in relation to society, culture and the individual; as well as to psychological, educational and sociological theory in a more modern context

This paper will explore the way that music is seen to be significant in human life and society and the way that it interacts with the mind.…. [read more]

Rhythm, Dynamics, Melody, Harmony and Texture Essay

… ¶ … rhythm, dynamics, melody, harmony and texture, and timbre into a composition to add interest and character. Remember to discuss what each of these elements does.

There are many elements to music, and composers of music must necessarily familiarize themselves with those elements in order to craft rich works full of interest and character. The driving force behind any composition is, of course, its pulse -- or rhythm. Rhythm is "the earliest and most basic of the building materials or elements of music," according to Jean Ferris (p. 11) and is the arrangement of time in music. Just like poets will use beats, or rhythmic patterns of speech, to write poetry, musicians use musical beats, rests, meter and tempo to infuse their works with…. [read more]

Music-Romantic Period 'Romanticism Term Paper

… Schubert started his career very early and at the age of thirteen, he created a four-hand piano fantasia and this triggered a series of other compositions. By 1815 his creativity and musical fertility had almost reached its peak. In March that year, 'he wrote the Mass in G; between March 25 and April 1 a string quartet in G-minor; in May a symphony (his third) in D-major; in June an entire operetta'; soon appeared another operetta in July, 'of which the libretto fills forty-two closely printed pages; on October 15 seven songs; on the 19th four more; and in the interstices of time', this was followed by another symphony, 'four other operettas, two piano sonatas, and one hundred and thirty-five songs, headed by "The ErlKing."…. [read more]

Music Enrollment in and Attitudes Towards K-12 Music Classes Literature Review

… Music Education

By any objective standard, K-12 public school music programs are in trouble. Due to the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act that renewed the Elementary Education Act 1965 under then president George W. Bush, music programs are being cut due to an increased emphasis on core subjects. Also, music programs are perhaps seen as being less relevant today than they were in previous years and student opinions of music programs are dwindling constantly. The picture is grim and this results in a dichotomy in the dwindling support/interest in K-12 music programs and the overall positive attitudes people have towards music. In a review of the scholarly literature on K-12 public school programs, this author will focus on 3 essential themes as follows:

Trends…. [read more]

Charlie Parker Music Term Paper

… These houses also normally employed a solo piano player who was called "Professor" by the girls. Jelly Roll Morton had also taken up employment as a professor and that had resulted in his being kicked out from his family. The importance of New Orleans as the center for Jazz ended when Storyville was closed down by the Navy. But, by then the spread of Jazz had started and gradually it became America's Classical Music, and finally made the long trip to Carnegie Hall. (The origins of Jazz)

While the title of creator of Jazz was claimed by Jerry Roll Morton, the different forms have their own claimants of creators. Jazz in its orchestrated form has three creator claimants - Art Hickman, Ferde Grofe and Paul…. [read more]

Cultural and Linguistic Diversity Population Term Paper

… This can be a suggestion, to therapists of music, regarding what objectives and concerns are required to be attended to. Cultural compassion is a vibrant idea that is felt in the three human realms if feelings, attitudes and thinking. (Kennelly; Brien-Elliott, 2001)

Researchers have established certain exciting inconsistencies in the analysis of the various activities of music therapy in several nations in accordance with the various cultural aspects of giving guidance in these activities. Certain scholars affirm that several programs accounts for a greater extent of cultural multiplicity within populace of customers, that prompts educators to mull over matter of culture. Other people, nevertheless, mention that although a there exist a varied touch-point between the students and customers, no endeavor is done to link the…. [read more]

James Brown Term Paper

… ¶ … Music and Mastery of James Brown

James Brown is as much a part of American history as hot dogs at the ballpark. Brown illustrates how one can make something from nothing American style. Brown was a musical pioneer and the timelessness of his demonstrates that he will be an icon forever. It is Brown's unique style of music, singing, and dancing that have earned him the popularity that still lives on today. Brown personified soul and then he introduced it to funk. His screams, moves on stage, and excited nature display musical genius at work.

Brown was born in 1933 and grew up in poverty. He rose above his circumstances and pursued music when he was still a teenager. Brown's first group was…. [read more]

John Cage Was a Revolutionary Research Paper

… Cage longed to place a metaphorical mirror in front of the masses. With his continuous, and often controversial, promotion of self-examination and societal welfare, Cage's Eastern influences began to show themselves. The clear associations to Hinduism, Buddhism and other Eastern traditions are blatantly evident when one takes the time to analyze his foundational philosophies.

And as stated above it is this quasi-religious association that I hope to expand upon in my work. For I believe that the ideas, stigmas and philosophical ambitions proposed by Cage in the 19th Century still directly apply to society today. I strongly support the idea that a greater degree of introspection and appreciation would ultimately benefit people all over the world. I also genuinely embrace his means of conveying true…. [read more]

Hippie Counterculture of the 1960's and 1970's in America Term Paper

… Hippy is an establishment label for a profound, invisible, underground, evolutionary process. For every visible hippy, barefoot, beflowered, beaded, there are a thousand invisible members of the turned-on underground," (Leary, cited by Stone). Having what has arguably been the most profound impact on social consciousness in 20th century America, the hippy (also spelled hippie) movement has also been terribly misunderstood. As Leary suggests, the visible appearance and behaviors of hippies does not and should not define the movement. The term hippie more accurately encompasses a value system than drug use, tie-dyes, or Volkswagen vans. However, external emblems of hippie culture like long hair and baggy clothes usually symbolize one of the core tenets of the original hippie movement: anti-materialism. Historically, hippies have been associated with…. [read more]

English Sexism and Misogyny Term Paper

… ¶ … Love Got to Do With it?

I'd like to start this essay out by saying that I agree with Bell Hook's critical examination of the Piano. I agree that misogyny and sexism are the central themes in the movie, although I have to say that the movie relies on these ideas to keep it alive and of interest to women because it's the very most thing they are familiar with. The movie has received rave reviews because of its sexuality and expression, although I do not think the average person sees the misogyny present. I believe this is because it has become so mainstream and accepted that it's hardly recognizable anymore. The following paragraphs will detail the film's themes and the advantages and…. [read more]

John Adams and Philip Glass Essay

… His musical path started by learning the flute. He then moved on to study at the University of Chicago at age 15, before travelling to France on a Fulbright scholarship to study composition with renowned master Nadia Boulanger.

Philip Glass' music was highly influenced by Boulanger, as well as Bach and Mozart. His music is often considered minimalist, although Glass has affirmed himself as writing with structures repeating themselves. He is most well-known to the larger public for his work on the soundtrack of The Hours as well as Kundun.

The pieces I have chosen to elaborate on are Einstein on the Beach and Metamorphosis.

Einstein on the Beach: One of Glass' operas, this entire work lasts up to 5 hours. It is unique in…. [read more]

Jazz Pedagogy Term Paper

… Jazz Pedagogy

When it comes to pedagogy, "the art of teaching" (Mish 912), there are many different interrelationships among different theories of knowledge, theories of learning, conceptions of curriculum and approaches of broad inquiry for the purposes of schooling. Every teacher is faced with a challenge to effectively convey his or her message of knowledge and inspire today's youth. It takes a certain amount of passion and consistency to pursue such a career. It takes a certain amount of leadership and guts to effectively captivate the student with subject matter, unless of course the subject is jazz. Jazz has the ability to open the soul, inspire a range of possibility in its creation and remains a rebel among music genres as it continues to bend…. [read more]

Frederic Chopin Essay

… 4 (Eigeldinger 1986).

Chopin masters the use of tempo in this piece as well. The tempo throughout the piece is a moderately slow one but changes often. This is best observed by listening to the supporting chords of the melody, which either drags the piece to a muddling pace or creates a sense of urgency. Although the twenty-four preludes do not seem to exhibit thematic elements, motifs appear throughout. Scholar Jeffrey Kresky put it best when he said, "As we note or sense at the start of each piece the various connections to and changes from the previous one, we then feel free to involve ourselves...only with the new pleasure at hand" (Kresky 1994). No. 4 in E Minor displays this with perfection. In less…. [read more]

Formal and Tonal Analysis of Beethoven's Piano Sonata OP 110 Dissertation

… Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 31 Op. 110: A critical analysis

The Prolific German composer and pianist, whose some thirty-two piano sonatas span a lifetime of achievement and professional success, managed to produce an impressive number of works which boast of a variety of classical styles. On the heels of compositional greats such as Haydn and Mozart, Beethoven is placed in the Classical Period of classical music, with its focus on order and structure with particular attention to magnificent arpeggiated runs, a robust counterpoint and larger-than-life almost anthematic themes. With this in mind, any exploration of his work must keep in mind the era in which it is produced apart from technical features of musical theory. However, innovations in style and musical taste and perspective helped…. [read more]

Role of Viola Da Gamba as a Solo Instrument in the Sixteenth Century Term Paper

… Viola Da Gamba

Terms, Structure, and Origins

Viola Da Gamba as a Solo Instrument

Decline of the Viola Da Gamba



The viola da gamba, a member of the viol family, first appeared in Europe during the late fifteenth century. Its popularity soared during the Renaissance and Baroque periods, and it became one of the one most popular instruments of the time. Primarily heard in ensemble or concert music, the instrument was a favorite of the courts of England, as well as throughout the rest of Europe. However, while the instrument was a beloved choice when blended with other instruments at the time, perhaps the most vital role of the viola da…. [read more]

Lives of Beethoven No Other Name Resonates Term Paper

… ¶ … Lives of Beethoven

No other name resonates through the canon of Western music like that of Ludwig van Beethoven. While the exact date of his birth has been contested over time - a confusion that Beethoven undoubtedly contributed to, as we will explore below - it is genuinely believed that he was born in the latter half of 1770. By the time of his death in 1827 at the age of fifty-six, Beethoven was already recognized as one of the greatest musical talents of his era.

In his Life of Beethoven, David Wyn Jones attempts to dispel the myth of Beethoven as an isolated musical genius who was somehow detached from the society he lived in. The problem with figures such as Beethoven,…. [read more]

History Education Term Paper

… Theories


Methods and Techniques

A Specific Method


Results for the Same

Examples of Voices Singing a Canon

The Project Life Cycle

Project Management Puzzle Parts

Map of More and Less Developed Countries

Criteria for LDCs

Selected Economic and Social Indicators for LDCs (2005)


"Great music is in a sense serene; it is certain of the values it asserts."

-Rebecca West (Simpson)

Contrary to the consensus some students purport, a thesis does not constitute a torture tactic designed by professors to traumatize students. In fact, according to Teitelbaum (1), "The thesis paper, when carefully assigned and conscientiously done, has definite value." Professors usually assign the thesis paper as a major component of a course requirement. The researched…. [read more]

Price Beauty? Term Paper

… These ideas provide an excellent overview of that Age's understanding of the subject. In the second edition of his Enquiry (1759),

Burke addressed the idea of Beauty, by which he meant "that quality or those qualities in bodies by which they cause love, or some passion similar to it." Burke's goal of identifying the physiological relationship between external objects and their emotional apprehension is most apparent in Part Four [of the Enquiry], where he hoped to "discover what affections of the mind produce certain emotions of the body; and what distinct feelings and qualities of body shall produce certain determinate passions in the mind."

Physical beauty, therefore, was seen as inspiring an emotional response; specifically a feeling of love and affection on the part of…. [read more]

Fine Arts and the K-12 Curriculum Essay

… Fine Arts & the K-12 Curriculum

Including the fine arts in a K-12 curriculum has become a controversial issue in educational institutions and local school settings. Some educators and administrators view the arts as a "frivolous" appendage to the overall school program. Others believe it is an integral part of developing well; rounded individuals and contend that the arts support academic achievement. Since the arts are not included in high stakes testing and are not a part of the No Child Left Behind legislation, communities in support of fine arts programs are finding it difficult to justify the resources and time allocated for music, art and drama when offered. In higher education, over the years, your institution's fine arts department has built an extensive community…. [read more]

Sociology and Feminist Theories Term Paper

… Of particular interest to the casual observer are the differences in relational dynamics and social interaction and perception between African-Americans and white Americans. African-American societies are by far one of the most dominant societies in the U.S., and have also been subject to different stereotypes and stigmas that have been existing for many years.

In fact, racial and gender differences are the most common forms of stratification that society tends to look in an individual. In the case of the American experience, African-American males are perceived differently by society as compared to white American males and females, as well as African-American females. In Myra and David Sadker's article entitled, "The Miseducation of Boys: Changing the Script," the authors discuss the significance of race and gender…. [read more]

Launch of Microsoft's Zune MP3 Essay

… Innovators and early adopters, who try any new technology with unique attributes, are certainly the most likely first wave of Zune consumers, whether they be iPod converts or frontier-crazy techies. However given the characteristics of the early and late majority as brand loyal, risk averse consumers, it's unlikely we see any adoption until at least the second generation of Zune devices. That leap across the rift between early adopters and the majority will largely depend on how vocal Zune's first users are about the technology, as their serving as a reference group for non-techies is often dependent on their enthusiasm for a product. In Microsoft's favor, yet again, are their deep pockets and willingness -- both stated and proven -- to lose money in the…. [read more]

Nursing Theories Transcultural Care Research Paper

… The Model is a circle, with an outlying rim representing global society, a second rim representing community, a third rim representing family, and an inner rim representing the person (Kim-Godwin, et al., 2001). The interior of the circle is divided into12 pie-shaped wedges depicting cultural domains and their concepts. The dark center of the circle represents unknown phenomena. Along the bottom of the model is a jagged line representing the nonlinear concept of cultural consciousness. The 12 cultural domains (constructs) provide the organizing framework of the model in which the 12 domains and their concepts essential for assessing the cultural attributes of an individual, family, or group.

Furthermore, purpose of the model is to provide a framework for all healthcare providers to learn concepts and…. [read more]

Appalachia the Adena, Hopewell, and Fort Ancient Term Paper

… Appalachia

The Adena, Hopewell, and Fort ancient and native American Indians lived in the region known as the Appalachian region in southeastern Ohio as far back as prehistoric times and long before old world settlers came in (Public Web Market 1995). There exists evidence that many other tribes occupied villages along the Ohio river as early as 1000 BC and this evidence has remained part of today's landscape of Appalachian Ohio. In the 1670s, the Iroquios, a white tribe, grew and imposed their presence and number in the region in the hope of taking advantage of the fur trade with the French. They conducted raids on the native American tribes in the 1700s, which drove these tribes - mainly the Shawnee, Delaware, Mingo and Wyandot…. [read more]

Leadership Skills Impact International Education Term Paper

… However, many people do not understand what leadership is and how it applies to the school environment. In their 1997 study of visionary companies, James Collins and Jerry Porras define leaders as people who "displayed high levels of persistence, overcame significant obstacles, attracted dedicated people, influenced groups of people toward the achievement of goals, and played key roles in guiding their companies through crucial episodes in their history."

This definition is very much in line with the definitions currently used for school leaders, although this definition has changed in recent years (Education Week, 2004). Until recent years, most research assumed that leadership did not have to come from the school principal (Riordan, 2003). The realization that improving instruction requires shifts in the behavior of school…. [read more]

Skinheads Movement in America Term Paper

… Giving reasons for the emergence of this group in April 1995 during a speech, Dr. William L. Pierce said,

" ... In America, there was a code of Political Correctness observed by the controlled media and the government. Under this code, non-Whites could do no wrong. Whenever there was a conflict between Whites and non-Whites, the Whites were blamed. Young Whites felt abandoned by their government. With a high unemployment rate, very limited prospects for improvement, and the breakup and destruction of their ancestral communities, they saw no future for themselves. Banding together and adopting a characteristic manner of dress and grooming was their way of asserting themselves and finding an identity. They were young, White, working class, and alienated. They were the original skinheads."…. [read more]

Organization Work, Familiar Essay

… Apple invests in the employees' growth by taking them for training in their various fields. Sales and marketing teams are trained on the importance of building relationships with customers, this in turn, empowers them to be more attentive and provide solutions to customers instead of just making a sale. Having demonstrated the employees' importance and value to the company, they can in return demonstrate it to the customers. Keeping employees informed of new changes taking place within the company like new products and advancements ensures that there is dialogue and employees can later inform customers of what to expect, this creates a buzz around the products before they are actually launched. Ensuring the employees are well motivated will reward the company with overall success and…. [read more]

Tonight We Are Meeting Term Paper

… Tonight we are meeting to discuss why your child or children in this community in general are studying the humanities, or what can be distinguished as art, literature, philosophy, classical studies, history, religious studies, and history of science. In fact, you are here because you are an intellectual being who gives thought to education and to the needs of children. That makes you human and differentiates you from all other animals. At risk of sounding obvious, humans distinguish themselves because they produce, participate in or encourage the humanities.

Appreciation of the humanities stems back to the earliest humans. Among the earliest pieces of prehistoric sculpture is from 30,0000-25,000 BCE. The woman, who had exaggerated female parts, is believed to be a fertility symbol perhaps carried…. [read more]

Frankenstein Offers a Great Analysis Essay

… ¶ … Frankenstein" offers a great analysis of two characters who one would think have absolutely nothing in common, while providing a glimpse into how similar they really are to each other. However, it is Victor who turns out to be the greater monster in this story. Victor created the Monster who ends up murdering Victor's loved ones, and Victor shaped the Monster's personality. Even though it can be argued that the Monster who killed was the bigger villain, it was indeed Victor who started everything in the first place.

Victor and the Monster were both victims of this entire situation. Victor's high intellect and extreme curiosity lead him to create the Monster, whom he saw as being the ultimate creation. However, because of the…. [read more]

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