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Music History Baroque vs. Classical Style Melody Term Paper

… Music History

Baroque vs. Classical style

Melody: In contrast to Classical music, Baroque music primarily tries to create a feeling of continuity rather than tell a story through a developing, evolving, or shifting use of melody. In Baroque pieces, the opening melody will be heard over and over again in the course of the piece. Many Baroque melodies are quite ornamental and elaborate while Classical melodies are much less adorned, and much easier to play and to remember ("Characteristics of Baroque Music," Thinkquest.org, 2007; "Characteristics of Baroque Music," Thinkquest.org, 2007). This greater simplicity allowed Classical composers to play with the use melody more within the different movements of the piece.

Rhythm: Baroque works are characterized by continuity of rhythm. Rhythmic patterns heard at the beginning…. [read more]


Classical Symphony Music Essay

… Most musical scholars believe that the Italian Overture, popular because of the new rage for opera, used a structure of three contrasting movements -- fast, slow, fast, and was the forerunner of the symphony. Instead of being part of an opera or other piece, the classical symphony was meant to stand alone as a concert performance, with themes and variations that were not necessarily tied to a specific story. The first symphonies were sometimes used as an entr'acte and followed the three movement style. Haydn and Mozart, in fact, composed their earlier symphonies in this style, but allowed them to evolve to a four movement work: 1) opening sonata or allegro; 2) slow movement or adagio; 3) minuet or trio, the scherzo; and 4) an…. [read more]


Compare and Contrast the Baroque Period to the Classical Term Paper

… Classical Baroque

Comparing and Contrasting Baroque and Classical Music

Do you like Classical music?" If you are asked this question, colloquially, usually the speaker means: do you like to listen to symphonic or orchestral music by composers of the past like Handel, Bach, Mozart, and Beethoven? However, this understanding and use of the term 'Classical' music is really in error, at least from the point-of-view of a historian of music. In fact, Classical music was a distinct style and period in musical history, and is distinguishable both in its tone and ideological orientation from the period that existed before it, the Baroque.

The Baroque period derives its unique name "from a Portuguese word meaning a pearl of irregular shape; initially it was used to imply…. [read more]


Music Appreciation Essay

… Music Appreciation

Describe the characteristics of the twentieth-century concept of melody. Refer to at least one listening example in your response. (Textbook p.301-302, 309-310)

Melody only seems to have taken a back seat in contemporary music when compared to old times. Melodies of innovative new composers are often hard to read as they turn to scales which are not the minor and major, seeking to find inspiration from the medieval, whole-tone, pentatonic and other diverse fold scales. In addition the angular contour of the contemporary melodies renders it difficult for both the listener and performer. Melodies with distant notes have been referred to as, "Instrumentals" because they are easier to play than to sing. Octave displacement is a new technique used by the composers when…. [read more]


Music-Romantic Period 'Romanticism Term Paper

… Schubert started his career very early and at the age of thirteen, he created a four-hand piano fantasia and this triggered a series of other compositions. By 1815 his creativity and musical fertility had almost reached its peak. In March that year, 'he wrote the Mass in G; between March 25 and April 1 a string quartet in G-minor; in May a symphony (his third) in D-major; in June an entire operetta'; soon appeared another operetta in July, 'of which the libretto fills forty-two closely printed pages; on October 15 seven songs; on the 19th four more; and in the interstices of time', this was followed by another symphony, 'four other operettas, two piano sonatas, and one hundred and thirty-five songs, headed by "The ErlKing."…. [read more]


Baroque and Classical Era Composers Term Paper

… Baroque & Classical Era composers

Baroque and Classical Music

Creativity is associated with freedom from constraint and defiance of accepted norms in modern American culture. Thus, it is hard to see the formal, compositional requirements of the Baroque and Classical eras as fostering innovation. Yet composers like Handel and Beethoven were able to use the order and structure of forms such as the oratorio and the sonata to express something new and to emotionally move their listeners. A modern critic might note that even a quick spin of a radio dial is a reminder that despite American cultural emphasis on individual creativity, the modern marketplace has dictated a highly formulaic style for popular music, perhaps even more formulaic than the Baroque and Classical era.

Moreover,…. [read more]


Classical Music Theme and Variations Term Paper

… Classical Music: Theme and Variations

Themes and variation in music is a technique in which repetition of tunes is being done but with the inclusion of several changes in tune or beat during the repetition. The purpose of which is to create shape to a musical piece despite of the fact that sets of tunes are being repeated. An online source has the following concept of a theme and variation.

Theme and variations form is the simplest. At the beginning of a movement, the theme is clearly stated. Each section thereafter in the movement is a variation on the theme. The variations may be as simple as a change in key or accompaniment, or a complicated restatement of the theme which may not be recognizable…. [read more]


Music Producers Biographical Introduction: Teo Essay

… His work with the foremost pop music group of the 1960s, the Beatles, enabled Martin to fuse classical with pop elements. He composed the musical scores for several Beatles movies including Yellow Submarine. By this time, Martin had ceased working as the head of Parlophone.

In 1973, after the dissolution of the Beatles, Martin composed the musical score for the James Bond film Live and Let Die. Paul and Linda McCartney recorded the title track for the film. Therefore, after the Beatles broke up, Martin continued to work with the individual group members as producer and composer. The ultimate fusion of Martin's work as a classical composer, musical producer, and "fifth Beatle" was the 2006 remix of Beatles songs for Cirque du Soleil: the Love…. [read more]


Music Violence Term Paper

… In response, they decided " to clamp down on the ringleaders of the Swing movement, recommending a few years in a concentration camp with beatings and forced labor. The crackdown soon followed: clubs were raided and participants were hauled off to camps." (Magnus) Meanwhile, music was responsible for another kind of violence in Germany. A significant factor in the anti-Jew propaganda of the time included state-sponsored music which taught the public to be violent and hateful towards minority groups. Swing music was called violent and immoral, and therefore it caused violent consequences for those who listened to it, but at the same time music was used to instill violence in other ways. This represents the horrible ambiguity of the music violence discussion. Is it more…. [read more]


Music and Their Relationship Essay

… This was the first era in music history in which public concerts became an important part of the musical scene. Music was still being composed for the church and the court, but the advent of public concerts reflected the new view that music should be written for the enjoyment and entertainment of the common person. Symphonic arrangements demonstrating clear and identifiable tones is a very Classical period distinction.

Brandenburg Concerto No. 3

This piece of music is essentially Baroque Period music. The flourishing detail and busy counter melodies that permeate this piece demonstrate the frivolity and expansiveness symptomatic of this time period. The music drifts into different emotional themes, mostly uplifting, but dances around many different themes. This piece is wonderfully arranged and the players…. [read more]


Music Enjoyment Essay

… Music Enjoyment

Some of the things I learned during this course go well beyond music per se. I have come to be more comfortable with how and why the past truly participated in creating the present. The past cultural foundations are not just isolated window of time that we as students should know about to complete out educations. The cliche about the past being "prologue" to the present is more than a cliche to me now. Prior to this class I have taken history classes and have become fascinated with the origins of and early stages of art, politics, language, culture. Added to my knowledge now, the history and evolution of music forms and styles. I have come to be familiar with many composers through…. [read more]


Pop Is Tomorrow's Classical- Paul Term Paper

… " Although...removed from the music's more traditional folk music origins, it no less captures the contemporary music of our day - rock -- just as Bach and Beethoven did in their day (Ode To Joy from the ninth symphony, for example)." (Reed)

In the early years of true Rock and Roll, circa 1950s, modernized versions of Classical pieces were already emerging. Billy Storm's "I've Come of Age," Elvis Presley's "Tonight is so Right for Love," and Jackie Wilson's "Night" ended this decade with an emerging fascination with borrowing themes and pieces of Classical music that would shape Rock for years to come. "The popularity of classical borrowing is not in any way diminishing. It spans all musical genres and its prevalence is widespread. As new…. [read more]


Ethnic Music Humanities A) Origin Essay

… This stringed instrument gained my recognition as one of the ancient string instruments in history that still survives to be useful in the modern music instrumentation.

Muting or string-mute is a musical device that moderates the tones produced by the instrument. Evidently, brass instruments such as the trombone and trumpet used this technique of muting during the developments that took place during late 20th century, and later became popular all music styles. During this period, percussion instruments also developed into favorite sources of "colorful music" both during concerts and during popular fields. Currently, musical instruments across the globe are commonly existing and divided into two principle categories: of indefinite and of definite pitch. The former instruments encompass the marimba, xylophone, vibraphone, timpani, chimes, electric guitars,…. [read more]


Baroque Oratorio With an Emphasis on G. F. Handel Research Paper

… Baroque Era and the Oratorio: Handel, Haydn and Mendelssohn

The transition from the Renaissance period to what is commonly known as the Baroque period is marked by a retrenchment of values in Europe following a time of great artistic and ideological reformation. For the Catholic Church and for the crowns of such feudal states as England, Italy, France, Germany, Austria and Hungary, the imperative to return the publics to the fold would call for a more culturally intuitive way of engagement. This marks the very self-conscious birth of the Baroque movement, which was a strategic decision on the part of the European academic community to bring about more accessible thematic values in the music produced during the time. As the research conducted hereafter will demonstrate,…. [read more]


Baroque Style and Culture the Works Chosen Essay

… Baroque Style and Culture

The works chosen are "Spring" by Antonio Vivaldi, Bernini's "Michelangelo," and "To His Coy Mistress" by Andrew Marvell. All of these represent the highest of Baroque style and culture because of the elements that make up each work. In fact, they could be quintessential Baroque works because they are emotional, elaborate, and elicit emotional responses in the viewer and listener.

Each of these pieces contains elements that make them uniquely Baroque. Vivaldi's "Spring" may be one of the most famous pieces of music to endure through time. It is so common that listening to it is like listening to an old friend that you have listened to very often in the past. It is light and happy music, totally representative of…. [read more]


Bach's Cantina Recordings Comparison Research Paper

… As such, "his readings are more spontaneous and exciting" (Ritter 1). This modern spin provides for a greater sense of flexibility that allows Bach's original interpretation to expand to fit the unique and changing influences of a more modern audience. Although some musical critics have labeled his tempi as "brisk" because of its tendency to remain much more fast paced (Quinn 1). Additionally, Gardiner presents a much lower pitch when compared to the earlier recordings of Richter. According to the research, "Gardiner opts for Bach's alternate instrumentation of harpsichord instead of obbligato organ" (Lehman & White 509). There is a more transparent instrument technology present in the works of Gardiner. Gardiner also focuses more on the female voice, with more female solos both in his…. [read more]


Life and Music of One Composer Term Paper

… ¶ … Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote many forms of music in his lifetime. Mozart composed most of his work with great ease and this is shown in the extensive amount of compositions he has written. He composed over 150 musical works between 1782 and 1785. The compositions Mozart composed was a wide range of varieties including: operas, church music, vocal and choral music, orchestral music, chamber music, piano music, and organ music. Hayden told Leopold Mozart, Mozart's father that his son was, "the greatest composer known to me in person or by name; he has taste and, what is more, the greatest knowledge of composition" (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 2010). Influenced by his father, who was a writer on violin-playing influential treatise, Mozart showed expertise…. [read more]


Rhythm, Dynamics, Melody, Harmony and Texture Essay

… ¶ … rhythm, dynamics, melody, harmony and texture, and timbre into a composition to add interest and character. Remember to discuss what each of these elements does.

There are many elements to music, and composers of music must necessarily familiarize themselves with those elements in order to craft rich works full of interest and character. The driving force behind any composition is, of course, its pulse -- or rhythm. Rhythm is "the earliest and most basic of the building materials or elements of music," according to Jean Ferris (p. 11) and is the arrangement of time in music. Just like poets will use beats, or rhythmic patterns of speech, to write poetry, musicians use musical beats, rests, meter and tempo to infuse their works with…. [read more]


German Culture Research Paper

… Early in the 19th century, Richard Wagner was branded as a person for music of the future; he did not like the strict traditional style of German music. He developed leitmotivs that were simple recurring themes found in his operas. His course brought about changes in opera as well as German music in general. The late 19th century saw Vienna continues elevation of its position in European classical music (Joseph, 2012).

In the 20th century there was a split between German and Australian music. In Vienna, Arnold Schoenberg together with his pupils moved along an avant-garde path and pioneered atonal music in 1909 and also twelve tone music within 1923. Composers within Berlin on the other hand took a populist route from the cabaret-like socialist…. [read more]


Le Grand Hautbois Research Paper

… As Mazarin's mentee and pupil, Louis acquired the prime minister's love of the arts, style and opulence. It was not until later that Louis stopped deferring to Mazarin's authority and assumed his own power as King (Bernard 1970). As the war between France and Spain came to an end and transferred power from the Habsburgs to the Bourbons, Louis assumed his role as soldier on the battlefield. Louis proved his commitment to the throne and France when, in 1660, he married the daughter of the King of Spain and his cousin, Marie-Therese of Austria, rather than the woman he loved, Marie Mancini, Mazarin's niece, to unite the two countries (ibid).

Louis was now old and experienced enough to assume his leadership. When Mazarin died a…. [read more]


Formal and Tonal Analysis of Beethoven's Piano Sonata OP 110 Dissertation

… Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 31 Op. 110: A critical analysis

The Prolific German composer and pianist, whose some thirty-two piano sonatas span a lifetime of achievement and professional success, managed to produce an impressive number of works which boast of a variety of classical styles. On the heels of compositional greats such as Haydn and Mozart, Beethoven is placed in the Classical Period of classical music, with its focus on order and structure with particular attention to magnificent arpeggiated runs, a robust counterpoint and larger-than-life almost anthematic themes. With this in mind, any exploration of his work must keep in mind the era in which it is produced apart from technical features of musical theory. However, innovations in style and musical taste and perspective helped…. [read more]


Richter and Gardiner in Bach Research Paper

… Richter's powerful and lively interpretation is just that- powerfully spiritual and religious -- it is an emotional performance that most definitely shouts from the roof tops. Gardiner's is more intimate, more personal, and perhaps more uniquely spiritual in terms of being more evocative of prayer. Richter shows the Baroque in its entire splendor by allowing the musician's modern interpretations of volume and timbre; while Gardiner asks the performers to harken back 300 years to a time when instrumental expectations were quite different.

REFERENCES

Cantata BWV4. (2008). Bach Cantatas Website. Retrieved from: http://www.bach-

cantatas.com/BWV4.htm

Buelow, G., ed. (2004). A History of Baroque Music. Bloomington, IN: University of Indiana

Press.

Friedell, E.A. (2009). A Cultural History of the Modern Age: Baroque, Rococo and Enlightenment. New York: Transaction…. [read more]


Frederic Chopin Essay

… 4 (Eigeldinger 1986).

Chopin masters the use of tempo in this piece as well. The tempo throughout the piece is a moderately slow one but changes often. This is best observed by listening to the supporting chords of the melody, which either drags the piece to a muddling pace or creates a sense of urgency. Although the twenty-four preludes do not seem to exhibit thematic elements, motifs appear throughout. Scholar Jeffrey Kresky put it best when he said, "As we note or sense at the start of each piece the various connections to and changes from the previous one, we then feel free to involve ourselves...only with the new pleasure at hand" (Kresky 1994). No. 4 in E Minor displays this with perfection. In less…. [read more]


History Education Term Paper

… Theories

Tactics

Methods and Techniques

A Specific Method

DISCUSSION, CONCLUSIONS, and RECOMMENDATIONS

Results for the Same

Examples of Voices Singing a Canon

The Project Life Cycle

Project Management Puzzle Parts

Map of More and Less Developed Countries

Criteria for LDCs

Selected Economic and Social Indicators for LDCs (2005)

"GREAT" MINDS in MUSIC

"Great music is in a sense serene; it is certain of the values it asserts."

-Rebecca West (Simpson)

Contrary to the consensus some students purport, a thesis does not constitute a torture tactic designed by professors to traumatize students. In fact, according to Teitelbaum (1), "The thesis paper, when carefully assigned and conscientiously done, has definite value." Professors usually assign the thesis paper as a major component of a course requirement. The researched…. [read more]


G.F. Handel George Frideric Term Paper

… G.F. Handel

George Frideric Handel

It is difficult to find anyone familiar with Western culture who does not know of Handel's Messiah. Even if they do not know it by name, all one need do is hum a few bars of the "Hallelujah Chorus" and they will start humming with you. It is embedded in the fabric of our society as the standard anthem of praise and celebration. Yet the composer behind this phenomenal piece of music is not nearly as familiar to the public as other iconic composers like Bach, Beethoven, or Mozart. Though he was regarded as one of Europe's greatest composers during his own lifetime, not even one hundred years after his death biographer Anna Eliza Bray bemoaned the fact that "few…. [read more]


Art of Classical Antiquity Essay

… The story of the trial and death of Socrates as it is told in Plato's Republic, brought to life on canvas by David, had direct historical reference. Socrates was put on trial by those who would not listen to reason: the jury of Athenians was too beholden to the ancient social structure. David drew much from this historical reference and is making a political statement in the painting. In ancient Greece, the art was not making as much of a political statement as it was an expression of pride in the pinnacle of Hellenic culture. Other Neoclassical works, including those by David, do not address the themes of classical Greece. They are, such as "Napoleon Crossing the Alps," more squarely rooted in contemporary imagery. However,…. [read more]


Leaving the Bleak Post- Communistic Term Paper

… You can have an excellent physical condition by dancing disco, but your spirit will certainly enjoy tango more.

It is time to leave music and dance and head for architecture. You have not seen anything if you have not seen at least a few of the most representative churches of Europe. Here, the stylistic variety is enormous. Romanesque and Gothic, Renaissance churches or Baroque, you will be enchanted by what you see, from the tall, Gothic spires to the beauty of Renaissance churches and the lavishness of Baroque.

These are all classical forms, however, modern architecture finds its best representation in the Sydney opera house. All of us have seen it in books or magazines or on TV. What can we make of its incredible…. [read more]


Johannes Brahms Essay

… Still, scholars agree that:

Brahms's expansion of variation and use of counterpoint, irregular rhythms, lush scoring for the orchestra that pushed traditional form to new levels, and incorporation of dance motives, are among the factors that set his symphonic music apart. All the authors agree, though, that while the composer was forging ahead into new "progressive" ground, he still had a reverence for composers of the past. If Becker is to be trusted, than some of those musical forms used by Brahms can be traced to the composer's interest in Hungarian gypsy music. Certainly in a reading of the First Symphony the difficult and irregular rhythms might be attributed to this interest. The triplet meter that appears all over the work has been attributed by…. [read more]


Miles Davis and Modern Jazz Research Paper

… [...] Miles' performance tradition emphasized orality and the transmission of information and artistic insight from individual to individual. His position in that tradition, and his personality, talents, and artistic interests, impelled him to pursue a uniquely individual solution to the problems and the experiential possibilities of improvised performance (Nettl & Russel, 1998).

Musical References

"Miles Davis and Quincy Jones -- Live in Montroeux." http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yMqWHkvP_1s

"Miles Davis -- Kind of Blue." http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hB669XXjnUg

"Miles Davis -- Out of the Blue." www.youtube.com/watch?v=z5D6YX8jqN8&playnext=1&list=PLC185D2985024BC66&feature=results_main

"Miles Davis -- Milestones." http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PRfdlcQ_MZw

References

Remembering Miles. (1991, November 12). Retrieved March 2013, from The Rolling Stone Archieves: http:/www.rollingstone.com/Desktop?s=1991111428#/19911114/44

Miles Davis. (2006, June). Retrieved March 2013, from Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Indusction: http://www.rockhall.com/inductee/miles-davis

House Resolution 894 Honoring the 50th Anniversary of "Kind of…. [read more]


Mechanistic vs. Organic Choose Musical Essay

… It's been theorized -- and is entirely likely -- that Johnson derived his iconic song from several earlier popular records" (Marshall 2011). Rather than the form of the work, or crafting a piece that sounds like a 'classical' lyric song, Johnson was intent upon creating an overall impression or effect upon the listener. Aspects of the work may be heavily derivative or 'borrowed,' but this does not matter. What does matter is the unique 'spin' Johnson puts upon the piece, making it uniquely his own. "Borrowing lyrics in blues was (and continues to be) common. Johnson's version, however, has stunning and original guitar work that would prove to be influential for decades to come" (Marshall 2011).

An organic emphasis on the ultimate mission rather than…. [read more]

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