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Music in High Schools Psychology Research Paper

… The next source to be presented is a simple, teacher-made website that gives 12 simple benefits of music education. These are, in the order in which they are presented, rendered below:

1. Musical training, especially during developmental years, contributes to brain development in the areas of language and reasoning. The source states, "Recent studies have clearly indicated that musical training physically develops the part of the left side of the brain known to be involved with processing language, and can actually wire the brain's circuits in specific ways. Linking familiar songs to new information can also help imprint information on young minds." (Cincinnati Public Radio (CPR), 2012)

2. The source also finds a "causal link between music and spatial intelligence" and states that "this kind…. [read more]

Music and Personality Term Paper

… Over 3500 participants covering multiple samples, geographic regions, and methods were used. Questionnaires, and opinion polls were used to formulate the final instrument; Short Test of Music Preferences (STOMP). Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was also performed using the LISREL.

Studies 1-3 used from 70-1700 University of Austin undergraduate students, while 4 was an online study using participants from all over the United States. Experiment 5 used 7 judges, representing a variety of musical tastes, while 6 used samples from study 2 and 3 to assess personality. The Big Five Inventory was used.

The data showed that music was an important aspect of people's lives and one they engaged in frequently in different situations. Participants believed that their music preferences mirrored significant aspects of their personalities…. [read more]

Music and Movement Early Childhood Education Term Paper

… Music Education

Over the past decade, researchers have paid increasing amount of interest to the impact of music on child development. For example, in 1993 Alfred a. Tomatis coined the term "The Mozart effect" for the alleged increase in brain development that takes place in children under the age of three when listening to music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart based on University of California, Irvine, studies. Since then, there has been a great deal of controversy about the true impact of music on intelligence. Harvard University researchers Ellen Winner and Lois Hetland cautioned in 1999, for example: "Since 1997, we have been analyzing the research relevant to the claim that the arts lead to academic success. So far we have found no actual scientific evidence…. [read more]

Values Portrayed in Popular Music Thesis

… This is focused on differentiating themselves from others in the music industry competing for the 'most popular' monetary and iconic status. Involved is a complex orchestration so to speak that results in harming the views, values, vision, and ultimately the methods that will be utilized in the lives of these individuals to attain their prescribed goals. Indeed, erroneous value assignation resulting from the impact of music in the contemporary society simply sends these individuals reeling down the wrong road from the very beginning of their lives. That surely sounds too dramatic it might be said however; it is dramatic that so many young individuals get completely off track because of the music they have chosen or have been assigned socially to identify with as their…. [read more]

Physiological Psychology Essay

… Psychology -- Laughter & Humor

How Humor Makes You Friendlier, Sexier

The article chosen for this assignment was written by Steve Ayan and published in the Scientific American on March 25, 2009. Entitled "How Humor Makes You Friendlier, Sexier" Ayan's article takes the position that not only is humor "psychologically beneficial" but it actually can cure diseases. The author uses several interesting and even compelling anecdotal examples to bring the reader an entertaining as well as informative experience. Ayan clearly knows how to get a reader enthused to dig into a psychological article. And by using the word "Sexier" in the title of his article Ayan is assured of attracting attention no matter the age or gender of the potential reader.

There are many reasons…. [read more]

Music Therapy Charms to Soothe the Savage Term Paper

… Music Therapy


Music Therapy as a Standard of Healthcare

The human being is born into an environment of sound and stimulation and thereafter shaped and affected by it, most of all, by rhythmical music. Music therapy has been applied since Biblical times informally until its formal recognition after a gathering of significant benefits to physical, mental, and emotional disordered conditions. Today, various and numerous studies evidence its positive, reliable and long-lasting effects on the stress response during and after surgery, on back pain, on hypertension, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's, on people in rehab, the elderly, the mentally and terminally ill and on women in labor. Overwhelming evidence prompts that music therapy be incorporated into the standard health care system as…. [read more]

Music Motivation Research Proposal

… Conclusion

Music undoubtedly has an effect on the human brain and potentially the body, and this has been verified by scientific inquiry many times. There is also substantial evidence that music can have a motivational effect in a number of applications, but it is still unclear whether this motivational effect actually exists to a statistically significant degree in running, It is hoped that this research will help to clarify knowledge in this area.


Biehl, J., Adamczyk, P. & Bailey, B. (2006). DJogger: a mobile dynamic music device. Extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems 1145-57.

Simpson, S. & Karageroghis, C. (2006). Effects of Synchronous Music on 400-Metre Sprint Performance. Journal of Sports Sciences 24(10):1095?-102.

Tenenbaum, G., Lidor, R., Lavyan, N., Morrow, K., Tonnl,…. [read more]

Rap Music Term Paper

… Harm of Rap Music

Rap music is harmful due to the violent lyrics encouraging disrespect toward women and lack of respect for moral ethics or authority. There are both laws and Biblical principles that stand against this type of violence and graphic sexuality that is thrust in the face of the children of today's world.

Music is what they call it however, gansta rap is a type of cultural language within music that is infiltrating the minds of today's children and filling them with thoughts of death, drugs, and prostitution. Worst of all the message of rap is that it is very cool to have illicit sex while using illegal drugs and carrying guns with the intention to kill.

The Bible states in Matthew 12:34:…. [read more]

How and Why Young People Listen to Music Thesis

… Society and Culture -- Music Habits

Music is one of the most common human activities and is evident throughout human cultures everywhere on earth. It has a long history of cultural and religious significance and still plays a fundamental role in modern social life and religious worship as well. In the United States, music has played a significant role in the identity of cultural groups as well as in connection with various important social movements in addition to generating intensely different feelings and perceptions among different generations.

The close connection between musical and language and between musical ability and other aspects of cognitive functioning in humans led to speculation that early exposure to music in children, and even in prenatal infants, could potentially stimulate greater…. [read more]

Social Psychology the Power Essay

… A second example of this phenomena that is similar to Markman's can be found in the movie Monster's Ball. This movie portrays Billy Bob Thornton as a racist prison warden. The audience is confused as we watch him engage in a sexual and social relationship with Halle Berry's character, who is African-American, because we are judging Thornton's character as being intrinsically racially prejudiced. The majority of the audience does not take into account the character's physically and verbally abusive father who rigidly enforced the ideas of racial bigotry and segregation in him as he was growing up, and does not surmise that perhaps the character does not agree with these ideas and behaviors but is merely going along with them in public to please his…. [read more]

Music Enrollment in and Attitudes Towards K-12 Music Classes Literature Review

… Music Education

By any objective standard, K-12 public school music programs are in trouble. Due to the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act that renewed the Elementary Education Act 1965 under then president George W. Bush, music programs are being cut due to an increased emphasis on core subjects. Also, music programs are perhaps seen as being less relevant today than they were in previous years and student opinions of music programs are dwindling constantly. The picture is grim and this results in a dichotomy in the dwindling support/interest in K-12 music programs and the overall positive attitudes people have towards music. In a review of the scholarly literature on K-12 public school programs, this author will focus on 3 essential themes as follows:

Trends…. [read more]

Concise Analysis of Integration of Music and Reading Research Proposal

… This can then lead to improvements in fluency, and literacy. Although the researchers searched for evidence from randomized controlled trials to see if musical training had a positive impact on the reading ability of students with dyslexia, they could not find any evidence suggesting the possibility. The article brings to attention a gap in research showing there is a dearth of enough information to infer definitively about any direct connections between musical training and literacy improvement in children with learning disabilities.

Not many studies focus on the benefits of musical training on reading. One study endeavored to examine benefits musical training has on language skills through discussion of five subskills that underlie reading acquisition. They are: "phonological awareness, speech-in-noise perception, rhythm perception, auditory working memory,…. [read more]

Child Psychology Music and Brain Research Paper

… McDonnell foundation is upset that the motivation for music education is being hijacked. "If our intent is to use science and research to form policy, to guide educational practice and to give parents assistance, it's incumbent on people putting forth those arguments to get the science right. If they choose not to get the science right, if they choose to misinterpret it or over-simplify, we just have another instance of political rhetoric." (

He brings up the key dispute over policies which are based on this research. In the scientific community, there exists significant suspicion regarding Raushers research.

But the scientific community is always slow to accept new theories. Science is built like a pyramid, with each new finding resting on the layer below it.…. [read more]

Persuading That Listening to Music Improves Term Paper

… Persuading that listening to music improves the academic performance/Scores of 7th to Sounding Out the Mozart Effect:

Music and Academic Performance

According to Ancient Greek philosophy, studying music had beneficial effects not just on the arts, but on the human soul itself. (Costa-Giomi 2004, 139) As Western educational theory has shifted away from this line of thought, music has become more of an afterthought in education than a focal point. Supporters of music and the arts in education have been seeking scientific proof for that which they have known instinctively for ages -- that music has a positive effect on the overall educational experiences of students. This search has helped raise interest in both exposing children to music as part of the educational process and…. [read more]

Music on Vocabulary Competence, Writing Thesis

… According to Medina (1993) use of music is a sure way of teaching and has been proven to foster language acquisition and production. Music assists English language learners thereby making them more successful in acquisition (Jalongo & Bromley, 1984). They assert in the article Developing Linguistic Competence through Song that it is ideal in introduction of new words, cultural aspects as well as accents. This makes it a useful instructional tool in an English class room. Music contains language that is natural, easy to acquire and enjoyable, it can, therefore, be selected to suit particular needs and interest of learners, such as relating the lyrics to everyday real life situation.

Music has the ability to offer enjoyable communication including listening and vocabulary practice. In the…. [read more]

Does Taking Music Lessons Help a High School Student Improve Their Academic Performance? Research Proposal

… Music Lessons

Does College Life Promote or Restrict Eating Disorders?

One of the more perplexing questions involved in psychology concerns eating disorders, especially as they relate to students in college. As institutions of higher learning, on the surface it is puzzling that students would harm their bodies through eating disorders such as anorexia,. Eating disorders are often thought of as a malady that afflicts teenage girls, but a quick glance at most college campuses reveals that anorexia is a major issue across the 18- to 22-year-old demographic as well. While it is true that the myth of the "freshman 15" (in which incoming college students gain 15 pounds during their first year), one question that must also be raised is whether college life can have…. [read more]

Alfred Adler Term Paper

… 96). The primary goal for most people was to overcome feelings of childhood inferiority, weakness and dependence as he had done and attain a sense of superiority or mastery, which would give "unity and coherence to the personality" (Engler, p. 96).

By superiority, Adler meant a 'will to power' (to use Nietzsche's misunderstood term) which had nothing to do with achieving wealth, status or control over others but a sense of self-mastery, self-realization and being made whole again. Achieving maturity was a process of moving from childhood feelings of inferiority and powerlessness to an adult sense of competence, fulfillment and superiority over the former self. Yet individual success was not the uppermost goal for Adler in determining overall psychological health, since humanity required a social…. [read more]

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi and Review Essay

… The two chapters play a role in influencing the lives of the current societies as they stress the need for constant creativity to achieve a state of flow as stated by the author (Delle, Massimini, & Bassi, 2011).

Apart from providing information related to flow, the author also criticizes culture. Despite the fact that neurological and psychological impediments affect the ability to experience flow, he criticizes the culture of the 20th century Western nations that fostered beliefs of happiness as materially rooted and influenced by external factors. The way in which the author incorporates observations into arguments alongside research on personal psychology, spirituality, and consciousness is illuminating. The author incorporates the use of different styles that creates suspense and provides an understanding of motivational factors…. [read more]

Theorists From the History of Psychology Carl Jung and Carl Rogers Term Paper

… Beyond the contributions of Sigmund Freud, Carl Rogers and Carl Jung may be the two most important individuals in the development of the modern study of psychology. Jung, having studied under Freud, expanded on Freud's concept of the libido and theorized that libido was the aspect of human behavior that controlled all other traits while Rogers was the first to offer that all individuals are born with a set personality but that said personality can be altered over time. Both men's theories sprouted the growth of individualized psychological theories that are part of the regular study of psychology.

Carl Rogers' contribution to the study of psychology, education, counseling, and conflict resolution has been considerable. Credited with founding the field of humanistic psychology, Rogers' has been…. [read more]

High School Sports Impact on Student Academics Thesis

… But the NCAA reserves the right to overrule principals' decisions. The NCAA's modest response followed meetings with national education groups, including AASA. The Minnesota Association of School Administrators has submitted to AASA for consideration a resolution that states it is not the NCAA's role to dictate course content to high schools.

The U.S. Department of Justice also has challenged the NCAA for automatically rejecting courses involving special education services. Some students who had attained acceptable college entrance test scores despite their disability were not allowed to participate as freshmen because they had taken high school courses involving special education assistance. The NCAA argued in several court cases that it does not have to follow the Americans with Disabilities Act. After months of…. [read more]

Context Dependent Memory Literature Review

… ¶ … Memory

While we often speak of ourselves as having a 'good' or a 'bad' memory, the nature of human learning and the process of encoding memory is considerably more complex than simply being 'good' or 'bad' in terms of memory storage and retrieval. Take, for example, something as simple as chewing gum, a rote motor activity. Anecdotally, chewing gum has been thought to enhance memory and some studies support the veracity of this hunch (Baker et al. 2004). But another study found that while participants' noted "a perceived change in state following administration of flavorless gum or mint-flavored strips" their improvement in memory was subjective rather than objective, based upon test results (Johnson & Miles 2009, p.293). Further study has yielded the finding…. [read more]

Music and African-American Life in "Sonny's Blues Essay

… James Baldwin, "Sonny's Blues"

James Baldwin's role as a public intellectual in the Civil Rights era cannot be understated. As an example, we might consider this particular anecdote, which is from Jon Wiener's 1988 interview with the novelist Gore Vidal, who was related to Jacqueline Kennedy and thus spent time with President John F. Kennedy:

JW: What is the joke that you heard Kennedy telling about James Baldwin?

GV: He called Jimmy Baldwin "Martin Luther Queen." He thought that was wildly funny. That's very Kennedy. The worst epithet that the Kennedys had for a man was that he's a "woman." (Vidal 109)

It is worth noting first that, like James Baldwin, Vidal was gay and out of the closet even in the pre-Stonewall era: therefore…. [read more]

Music, Teen Sex, TV Wrestling, and Child Aggressiveness Research Proposal

… Psychology - Research Techniques

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Sexual Lyrics Prompt Teens to Have Sex: The research method used in the referenced study was primarily survey/interview and correlation. The researchers collected their data by conducting telephone interviews with teenagers. The researchers then correlated the data to the research question and formed conclusions based on the apparent correlation between exposure to sexually suggestive lyrics and early sexual activity. The following passage provides this information:

The study, based on telephone interviews with 1,461 participants aged 12 to 17, appears in the August issue of Pediatrics,…. [read more]

High School Drop Out Rate Term Paper

… High School Dropout Rate

Extracurricular activities are found to be vitally important for the healthy development of high school students and in arresting dropouts. By creating appropriate, engaging, and entertaining extra curricular activities and by involving all the students, schools could not only expect to increase the learning outcomes of all the students, but also make children enjoy the learning process.

The increasing high school dropout rate and the decline in the graduation rate has become a pressing problem for the United States. As per the national centre for education statistics released in 2005, the graduation rate for the country has declined from an average of 73% in 1990 to just around 68% in 2005. (United Health Foundation). It is a disturbing trend since high…. [read more]

School Uniforms the Argument Thesis

… School Uniforms


One of the suggestions advanced in relation to the need to improve modern education is that students should wear school uniforms throughout primary and secondary education. This is a sound idea for several different reasons. Opponents of the idea raise freedom of expression objections, but they are not legally applicable to the educational environment. In all likelihood, there are no legitimate objections to the suggestion that students wear school uniforms for the benefit of their educational focus, their sense of psychological security and self-esteem, and in some schools, even their personal safety.

The modern educational institution, particularly as evident in large public high schools, is as much a social environment as an educational one (Macionis, 2003). At this…. [read more]

Controlling Our Emotions? Emotional Literacy Research Paper

… g., Ekman & Friesen, 1975; Nowicki & Mitchell, 1998; Scherer, Banse, & Wallbott, 2001). When focused on the self, this dimension is related to greater emotional awareness (Lane, Quinlan, Schwartz, Walker, & Zeitlin, 1990), lower alexithymia (Apfel & Sifneos, 1979), and less ambivalence about emotional expressivity (King, 1998; King & Emmons, 1990). When focused on other people, this dimension encompasses what is meant by affect sensitivity (Campbell, Kagan, & Krathwohl, 1971), affect-receiving ability (Buck, 1976) and nonverbal sensitivity (Rosenthal, Hall, DiMatteo, Rogers, & Archer, 1979).

Use of emotion to facilitate thought

The second branch of El concerns the ability to use emotions to focus attention and to think more rationally, logically, and creatively. Using emotions may require the ability to harness feelings that assist in…. [read more]

Testing Assessment Thesis

… sychologicalTesting_AfricanAmericans

For hundreds of years, there has been a common idea that race and intelligence are statistically correlated. Even contemporary debate into this paradigm focuses on the differences in test scores when tabulated using different ethnic data. Central to this question remains the idea of nature vs. nurture -- is it the flaw of the test that changes the rubric of the results; the flaw in a balanced education of facts, experiences and opportunities available in some neighborhoods and not in others, or is there another socio-economic or cultural factor contributing to these perceived differences? (Rushton, and Jensen, 2005). Central to this argument is the nature of eugenics, a practice or belief in the improvement of the human species by discouraging reproduction from those who…. [read more]

Dance Therapy to Help an Autistic Child Term Paper

… Dance Therapy to Help an Autistic Child Communicate

Twenty years ago, 14 in 10,000 children suffered from autism and related disorders. Currently, the number totals four times as many children, six in 1,000. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, four times as many boys as girls are likely to be suffer with autism, generally diagnosed by age 3.

Although no cure currently exists for autism, with therapy (and, in some instances medication), some individuals with this disorder obtain independence; attend college; get married and have families. "Others remain trapped by their symptoms, which can often include self-destructive behaviors like head-banging or hand-flapping." (Lamas)

Personal Accounts Donna Rosinski's son Alex, was diagnosed with autism when he was 8-year-old. Rosinski wrote in 2001: "His…. [read more]

Dream Content as Therapy: Ego vs. Repression Dissertation

… For example: a parent has repeating nightmares, and the child "dreams his dreams " because the child is in a psychic resonance with the parent. The child's dreams end when the parent's does. Four, it might be a repetition of a past traumatic event in current lifetime. For example: a person might dream of a recent rape, a childhood assault or a wartime battle. This type of nightmare is so deeply etched in the psyche that it can require heavy use of behavioral dream-work techniques to modify the content and emotional intensity.

A fifth factor could be that the dream is a depiction of a past or probable life. For example: a client might dream the last events prior to a violent…. [read more]

Reducing or Reinforcing Media Impact Grant Proposal

… Reducing or Reinforcing Media Impact: Rap Music

Rap music, videos and the hip-hop media industry as a whole often makes use of shocking and violent words and images: the rap industry has thus spawned fear in the hearts of many parents, parent's organizations, and even politicians. But the idea of the potentially dangerous impact of music on teen behavior is hardly new. Swing, be-bop, rock and roll and heavy metal all brought forth similar charges from parent's organizations before they became part of mainstream popular culture. However, some social science researchers contend that the nature of contemporary rap music is particularly deleterious to adolescent moral development. Regardless, rap's popularity worldwide has exploded: "In 2003 the number-one selling artist, according to Billboard Records, was the former…. [read more]

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