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Music Education or Cross Platform Development Term Paper

… Music Education or Cross Platform Development

Pitch is commonly mistaken for being a term which is analogous to frequency; however, pitch is actually based on perception. Pitch is the human perception of the frequency of a musical note. (Heresiarch 2005) While pitch is related to the frequency, or physical rate of vibration in a sound wave, it is distinctly different.

The current standardized relationship between pitch and frequency is that the note a above middle C. sounds like a 440 Hz tone. In a musical context, the exact frequency of a note is far less important than its relationship to other notes. Numerous systems exist for defining the relationship between notes in a scale, usually involving a fixed frequency ratio between successive notes. The chromatic…. [read more]

Music in the Upper Grades Term Paper

… An association of music and math has, in fact, long been noted. Creating and performing music promotes self-expression and provides self-gratification while giving pleasure to others. In medicine, increasing published reports demonstrate that music has a healing effect on patients. For all these reasons, it deserves strong support in our educational system, along with the other arts, the sciences, and athletics." (DeBakey) Music teaches communication, diversity, and important life-skills.

Participation in music in Junior High and High Schools has also been shown to improve overall development of intelligence. It has long been believed by philosophers and artists that this is true, but modern science allows us to actually prove that musicians are, in essence, smarter than other kids. Higher levels of brain activity and functioning…. [read more]

Persuading That Listening to Music Improves Term Paper

… Persuading that listening to music improves the academic performance/Scores of 7th to Sounding Out the Mozart Effect:

Music and Academic Performance

According to Ancient Greek philosophy, studying music had beneficial effects not just on the arts, but on the human soul itself. (Costa-Giomi 2004, 139) As Western educational theory has shifted away from this line of thought, music has become more of an afterthought in education than a focal point. Supporters of music and the arts in education have been seeking scientific proof for that which they have known instinctively for ages -- that music has a positive effect on the overall educational experiences of students. This search has helped raise interest in both exposing children to music as part of the educational process and…. [read more]

Cool Jazz a Brief History Research Paper

… Brubeck was furious. Brubeck recruited another sax player and his new group was soon playing to critical success. Desmond returned to San Francisco, seeking reconciliation with his former band mate and friend. Encouraged by his family, Brubeck eventually made peace with Desmond and the two went on to collaborate with the Dave Brubeck Quartet, an immensely popular jazz group that enjoyed international acclaim for the next sixteen years (NPR). In a 1952 article for Downbeat, jazz critic Nat Hentoff credited Desmond for much of the Quartet's success, calling Desmond's alto playing both rhythmic and lyrical.

Desmond was a difficult man to get to know. Friend and biographer Doug Ramsey wrote that even Desmond's ex-wife, Duane Desmond Kaye, was virtually unknown to all but his inner…. [read more]

Thad Johnson/Music Dallas Symphony Review Essay

… It was the young Vladimir Horowitz and his father-in-law Arturo Toscanini who popularized the piece in the early 1940s, using it as a fund0raiser for World War II and releasing as a recording (Horowitz 383).

Musical Highlights - During the Manfred, I was almost transported with the subtleties of the woodwind solos, the dialog between the oboe, clarinet, and flute representing the springtime Alp scene was just sublime -- from the softest pianissimo with such great phrasing and breath control. In contrast, the rousing brass finale and then the slow musical progression in rising 1/2 steps during Manfred's retribution was also quite wonderful. The tempi were slower than some of the works I reviewed, but that may be due to the work not being as…. [read more]

TV Series Friends Essay

… Friends first aired on September 22, 1994, on NBC in a time of renewal in America and New York City. ("Friends," 2009) the cold war had just ended, the economy was in an upheaval, globalization became the new buzzword, and the stories of six young professionals living in a loft seemed to be the funniest new sensation on television. While the series touched on many aspects of life for young people in the Big Apple, it rarely focused on the economic realities of the proposed situation. The culture of friends is one of friendliness and acceptance, but does not include minorities, the less educated, nor the out-of-towner to enter into the discussion of what an ideal lifestyle is for a young 20-something professional in America.…. [read more]

Reading Improvement in Third Grade Term Paper

… The goals are as follows:

Terminal objective 1. Students will demonstrate positive attitudes toward reading by accelerating their growth and reading ability, fostering a love of reading, developing into lifelong learners, becoming critical thinkers, and improving their scores.

Terminal objective 2. Students will demonstrate their ability to construct, extend, and examine meaning for a variety of texts by using strategic behavior and integrating their prior knowledge about both reading and the topic.

Terminal objective 3. Students will demonstrate their ability to vary their orientation to the text by interacting with a variety of texts for different purposes. Students will read for recreation, for literary experience, to be informed, and to perform a task.

Terminal objective 4. Students will demonstrate their ability to interact with texts…. [read more]

Colonial Times for Third Grade Using Multi-Intelligence Term Paper

… ¶ … Colonial Times for Third Grade Using Multi-Intelligence Theory

The multiple intelligence theory was developed in 1983 by Howard Gardner, whose professional experience in the education department at Harvard galvanized him to inspect the world of thought and its relation to academia from a different perspective. Through his multifaceted approach to intelligence, he suggested that the standard form of analysis, I.Q. testing, was far too limited to accurately surmise a person's intellectual capacity. Instead, he proposed eight different intelligences to not only account for the broader range of adult success but also the according potential of children.

As a neuropsychologist, Gardner examined the biological activity of the human brain, unearthing the reality of a modular configuration, not the presumed unitary mental organization. Through careful…. [read more]

Historical Fiction Term Paper

… ¶ … Fic

Historical Fiction and U.S. Slavery

The unit described herein will focus on the issue of slavery in the United States while also exploring the role that historical fiction can play in developing critical thinking, forming connections between people, ideas, and other times/cultures, and even in better understanding the modern world through an understanding of past technologies, capabilities, and limitations. Multiple technologies will be used throughout the unit to aide in the exploration of a specific text from multiple perspectives, identifying ways in which this text relates and ties to the lives of the fifth-grade students immersed in, and allow learners to make more immediate and direct connections between the text and the experiences embedded in it and their own life experience. Comparisons…. [read more]

Democracy, Multiple Intelligence, Art Project Term Paper


However, while this research found that an arts-based education is beneficial to all children, this does not mean that all children benefit from it in exactly the same way. Indeed, it would be highly counter-intuitive if they did given that one of the reasons that an arts-based education is useful to begin with is that the many different aspects of such an education (from dance to painting) are helpful in educating children precisely because they are so diverse. Arts-based education is inherently geared toward an evaluation of each child in terms of multiple intelligences.

The model of multiple intelligences that has been used throughout this research was developed by Howard Gardner in his 1983 book, Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. Based…. [read more]

African Restaurants in NYC Article

… Around 4 pm, he goes to Ponty where things are being set up for the dinner shift. During dinner, Elhadji bounds through the restaurant, helping to expedite orders and making sure to greet customers. He completes his day at Manhattan home with a two-hour session on his computer to check email, stay in touch with vendors and distributors.

A variety of factors have helped propel this wave of African restaurants. Some are connected to immigration, a growing familiarity with this population, and an overall trend towards a more adventurous taste in eating. Serving African cuisine presents certain challenges. It can be harder to find African chefs due to the relative dearth of qualified people even in New York City. However, New York's African immigrants have…. [read more]

Strategic Management: Competing With Apple Product Term Paper

… Strategic Management: Competing With Apple

Product Differing (consider calling it Product Differentiation)

Strategy Description: Proposed strategy for differentiation; Apple will continue to use one basic model for its products that customers are already familiar with and in addition, the products will continue to be priced reasonably. By doing this when a customer is looking for a new mp3 or a new cell phone, the Apple products will not be lost among the masses. By doing so, Apple will continue in making an effort to make the customer service experience an easy one. Despite low costs, consumers want the latest in technology, or what they perceive to be the latest most special piece of equipment. By using mass marketing techniques to flood the consumers mind of…. [read more]

Manuel Rodriguez Case Case Study

… In general, he is very isolated and withdrawn, giving only brief answers to questions, although he did indicate that he feels 'stupid' and 'retarded' because of his inability to understand what was happening in class or his general environment. Manuel sits alone in the back of the room and tries not be noticed for fear that the other students will laugh at his accent or his inability to answer questions. In the classroom he often appears to be sleeping or disinterested, and his communication with the teacher and other students is minimal or nonexistent. He is indifferent to and disinterested in what is happening in the classroom, and in the general school environment. Manuel was unenthusiastic about using English and would not speak at all…. [read more]

Suggestions for Actions That Law Enforcement or the Public May Take to Curb Gang Activities Essay

… Gang Activity


Question 1- According to many researchers, the public in general views law enforcement as having the primary responsibility for curbing gang activity. Is this view faulty? Justify your conclusions and provide suggestions for actions that law enforcement or the public may take to curb gang activity.

Gangs are certainly not new in the historical sense. 19th century American and British teen gangs have been extensively studied, and even popularized in movies like Gangs of New York. In fact, who can forget the famous musical rendition of Oliver Twist, a youth gang led by a nefarious criminal; or even the…. [read more]

Pre-School What Are the Benefits Research Proposal

… Using Raosoft®[footnoteRef:2] sample size calculator, with an 8% margin error, size of the sample is 149. This sample population will be approached for interviews and completion of questionnaire. [1:] [2:]

Data Collection

There are two primary kinds of data collection methods. As mentioned earlier, the purpose of this research study is to know the benefits of preschool for children prior to kindergarten. Therefore, we agreed on two kinds of data collection methods the best way to get that information was through;




A list of questions with 3 to 4 options each was included in the questionnaire to understand and evaluate the opinion of people. Approximately fifteen to twenty relevant questions will be designed. The objective is to understand the common…. [read more]

World Theater History Term Paper

… Roman Theatre History

Theatre has been an important part of every civilization empires. People did not have much entertainment in their lives back then and this was the only form of entertainment which would bring them away from the daily worries of work and household. Every theatre represents the culture and reflects the thoughts of that particular civilization and people. The Chinese are one of the oldest civilizations and their theatre gives us a picture of their civilization. Similarly the Roman theatre gives us an insight on the Romans and their culture and was a means of entertainment for the people. It was also for the purpose that the people would be involved in the theatre so that they would not spend time plotting against…. [read more]

Student Improvement Research Proposal

… Student Improvement

Recommendations for Fourth and Fifth Grade Classrooms

In their articles, "4th-Grade Readers…Not Too Old to Snuggle" and "Thank You Miss Katherine," authors Anne Gatshall and Cynthia Compton present evidence of non-traditional curriculums for fourth and fifth grade students, suggesting its success. Through an examination of these articles, two primary similarities can be found: both articles discuss a progressive method of student learning and both relied in the principal of self-expression. In Gatshall's article, the author discusses a reading program in which fourth-grade students chose a college reading buddy and read books of their own choice out loud with that student. Certainly, the progressive undertones of such a program can be quickly noted. Indeed, the entire object of this program is to help students…. [read more]

Winter Dreams the Tension Essay

… The themes of "Winter Dreams" are relevant today because striving and social climbing remains part of American life. The contradictions between the values of being a 'self-made person' on one hand, and desiring to mimic the lifestyle of old money can be seen on every college campus today. Many wealthier students who do not have to take out student loans have the luxury of studying subjects that do not automatically prepare them for a career. Poorer students must worry about employment after college, and getting a marketable degree. Many of them study similar subjects as their richer friends, such as English and Art History, and find themselves upon graduating with little hope of a job in an anemic market.

The idea of being able to…. [read more]

Classroom Atmosphere Which Encourages Term Paper

… To do so, they must learn the what, the how, and the why before they have the tools to make unique distinctions of their own. When an educational system insists on teaching children to obtain mastery of a specific body of knowledge, then the system also has the opportunity to teach a student how tho use that data as building blocks in new learning, and new discovery and personal application.

Although there are several approaches to constructivism, as I have tried to illustrate by describing my own leanings, for Phye (1997), "[c]ommon perspectives include the view that academic knowledge construction on the part of students is basically a learning process that involves change. Thus, knowledge is the desired outcome or effect of the process of…. [read more]

Postmodernism and Suffering in "Sonny's Blues Essay

… Postmodernism and Suffering in "Sonny's Blues"

The American experience is a complex one, and one with great variations depending on who is experiencing it. Still, there are common themes found among the various sub-groups of American society tat continuously tie us together as a nation. Postmodernist themes are often found in contemporary literature, especially in the context of minority literature, which is expressing a very complex racial hierarchy and how it affects the people forced to live within it. This is the basic structure of James Baldwin's "Sonny's Blues," as the story presents a postmodernist theme of how suffering has shaped the contemporary American experience.

The story itself is much deeper and abstract that the tenants of realism, as seen in Mark Twain's "The Celebrated…. [read more]

Poetry Explication of Robert Lowell's Skunk Hour Essay

… ¶ … tortured loneliness of Robert Lowell's "Skunk Hour"

Robert Lowell's poem "Skunk Hour" is set during the early morning, when skunks are often seen scavenging for food. The poem evokes a mood of desolation. The poet, awake at this lonely hour because of his depression, reflects upon his place in the universe as he gazes at the skunks. The unattractive, ostracized creatures become a symbol of the poet's tortured consciousness.

The poem begins with the poet 'setting the scene' of where he lives. He apparently dwells in Maine, in a place where many aristocratic people reside for vacation. Hyperbolically, he refers to a "hermit/heiress" who buys up all of the eyesore houses to merely let them fall into disrepair, and a "summer millionaire, who…. [read more]

Dramatic Reading for ESL Differentiated Essay

… ).

Differentiated learning. A number of ESL pedagogical methods encourage differentiated instruction. The Total Physical Response (TPR) method draws on seminal work in multiple learning styles (Ramirez, 2008). TPR integrates kinesthetic and visual learning with language development, in a manner consistent with Gardner's multiple intelligences and the teaching strategies that are underscored by that work. Differentiation allows instruction to be more comprehensible without the content or materials being "watered down." A student who can engage with the instruction being delivered experiences a lowered affective filter. Changing the materials and the way of teaching is basic to the Sheltered Language Learning (SLL) approach to teaching ESL (Ramirez).

About 30% of my students were not able to read Of Mice and Men. I chose to use drama…. [read more]

Western Civ. V The Philosophes Believed Research Paper

… Western Civ. V

The philosophes believed that moral values and the value of life itself are enshrined in natural law and that therefore the best way to discover them is to use the scientific method.

How did the romantics' view of nature differ from that of the philosophes? In what ways does William Wordsworth's poem, "The Tables Turned," express this romantic outlook? (Although we emailed the poem to you, we have also put it on the third page of this assignment.) According to romantics like Wordsworth, how was the meaning of life to be found?

Romanticism began as a reaction -- not so much against anything tangible, more as a result of prevailing tendencies and moods. In music it was a way to expand Classical…. [read more]

Literature in Popular Culture Washington Irving's the Legend of Sleepy Hollow Book Report

… Sleepy Hollow as Popular Culture

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, a short story by American author Washington Irving, was actually written while the author lived in England. It was published in 1820 and like Irving's Rip Van Winkle, has been read by generations of students, turned into numerous alternative stories, animated features, and computer games. It was made into a stamp in 1974, has been an inspiration for music, street and town names, and even motion pictures. Two of the characters, Ichabod Crane and The Headless Horseman have become both iconic and archetypal within American popular culture (Burstein, 2007).

Irving's inspiration for Sleepy Hollow appears to have been an old German folktale, told for years as an oral tale and then written by Karl Musaeus.…. [read more]

Academic Interests, Personal Perspectives, and Life Experiences Research Proposal

… ¶ … academic interests, personal perspectives, and life experiences adds much to the educational mix. Given your personal background, describe an experience that illustrates what you would bring to the diversity in a college community.

College communities are generally formed of people with diverse backgrounds, who are brought together by common interests and goals for their future. Being in college means that you have already shaped a great part of your personality throughout your school years, but it also means that you still have to be open to new concepts. Considering that I have always had the urge to learn and to help others learn as well, I believe that my experience in break dancing and science projects will definitely provide my future college community…. [read more]

America During the 1960 Term Paper

… This legislation was however always under funded and never truly had enough money to wage the war as envisioned by the president.

The Great Society Deteriorates

The deterioration of Johnson's Great Society ideal began to decline as a result of increasing awareness among African-Americans of the Black Power idea, and of the extreme poverty under which these people were continually forced to live. The feeling that they did not need whites for anything, and white resistance to this idea, resulted in numerous riots, gradually becoming worse during the latter part of the decade. Included in the violence is the assassination of Malcolm X in 1965 and of Martin Luther King, Jr. In 1968. This spawned racial riots throughout the country. It is ironic that King…. [read more]

Self-Assessment of My Motives in Social Work Assessment

… Social Work Assessment

From my life experience, growing up in a family that was extremely loving and supportive, it made me realize I wanted to help others with their ongoing issues because by having a supportive environment, I was able to become a balanced person despite the odds of what my downfalls. Furthermore, I want to help people become balanced despite their odds whatever they may be. With that, it has always been my dream to have a career in helping people with their relationships, careers, and daily issues. And, I believe that by obtaining this degree, my dream can be fulfilled within other areas of counseling. After I obtain this degree, I plan to take my education further in psychology/counseling so that I can…. [read more]

Dyslexia Although Not as Common nor Easily Term Paper


Although not as common nor easily diagnosed in the past, many people in today's modern world suffer from a condition known as dyslexia which is an impairment of the ability to read as a result of a variety of pathologic conditions, some of which are associated with the central nervous system. For those who suffer from this medical condition, letters and words in text are often reversed which affects the ability to distinguish letter sequences in written words and to determine left from right. Not long ago, some reading experts doubted that dyslexia was a pathologic disorder and believed that the condition represented a combination of reading problems, each of which should be isolated by specific types of tests. However, recent research has shown…. [read more]

Kinesthetic Learners Achievement Levels Term Paper

… As of 1999, almost ninety percent of schools had Internet access and that number is expected to increase to one-hundred percent (Center for Information Technology and Health Research). Over thirty million American elementary school children had computers in the home in 2002 (U.S. Census Bureau). This number is expected to continue to increase over the next few years. There are a number of well-known research studies that demonstrate the positive effects of computer technologies on learning such as The Challenge 2000 Multimedia Project, the Collaborative Visualization (CoVis) Project, the Apple Classroom of Tomorrow Project, the SchoolNet / Rescol Report, the American Culture in Context: Enrichment for Secondary Schools (ACCESS) project, Lehrer HyperAuthor study, the Highly Interactive Computing Environments (HI-CE) research and the Lego/Logo project.

4.3.1…. [read more]

Strategies for Effective Reading Instruction Essay

… Why is it important to develop readers' awareness of story structures? What do students need to know about the elements of a story? Explain at least 3 strategies for teaching story structures.

By understanding story structure, readers come to appreciate and anticipate a causal chain. The relationship of the story elements or parts becomes clearer when a reader has developed a schema for framing the stories they read and discuss. A basic understanding of story structure can act as guide to reading more complex stories as students' advance their skills. As readers are exposed to more stories, they come to recognize that certain story parts are always in evidence in the form of communication known as story. Knowing that there are turning points helps the…. [read more]

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