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Health Care Issues 1875-1900 Term Paper

… Health Care 1875-1900

The history of health care in the United States is one that often brings to mind traditional and folk medicine subverted and them overtaken by the greatest scientific medical care in the world. The United States played an integral role in the development of modern medicine and at the root of such change is a small group of years. The changes that occurred between the years 1875 and 1900 almost exclusively revolves around legal issues as forces of change in the medical world. The legitimating of medicine as a vocation, rather than as an avocation began during these years. The seeds of health care consumer protection began to weed out what it considered unfounded forms of medical care and bean in stead…. [read more]


Healthcare and Medicine in the Former Soviet Term Paper

… Healthcare and Medicine in the Former Soviet Union, From the Times of the Cold War Until Now Abstract

The health and medicinal facilities have been a cause for concern for the Soviet Union from the times of cold war. The Marxism theories have led to the adoption of bureaucracy and rigidly defined rules and objectives which are difficult to attain when the administration, funding, production and the other health care tasks are handled centrally. Even when the intentions were clear about improving the health standards in the country, the quality of the services provided suffered. The doctors and health care personnel increased in number but their education and training were not up to the mark leading to severe health related problems. The ecological problems did…. [read more]


Misconceptions and Confusion in Healthcare Essay

… The decimated cognitive abilities of those afflicted with serious illness or injury, as well as the limited mental acuity of elderly patients ravaged by the natural effects of aging, have converged to make modern end of life care a multifaceted process in which primary physicians, nurses, spouses and children all combine to come up with sensible solutions to life's most challenging circumstances. To prevent those tragic occasions when a patient is removed from life support against their own predetermined wishes, or conversely, when they are kept alive for years in a vegetative state, proper advance care planning is increasingly becoming a priority for the medical profession and patients alike. A consortium of leading medical minds, led by renowned respiratory physician Karen M. Detering, collaborated on…. [read more]


Health Information Professionals Research Paper

… Health information professionals are those who are involved in collecting, organizing and protecting the patients' data for providing better diagnosis and treatment for the patients, protecting the security and confidentiality of the patients and making it easy to share information as and when needed to authorized people electronically. They are the link between healthcare and technology and they are well-versed in both the fields. HIS is a growing field and the demand for this profession is likely to increase during the next decade because of the increase in aging population and advancements in technology. The average salary levels are high and it is likely to increase in the future because of the demand. Recognizing this increasing demand, more universities are offering courses for students to…. [read more]


Healthcare Information Technology (IT) Research Paper

… Telemedicine

Healthcare it

Telemedicine is the exchange of medical information via electronic communication in order to improve a patient's health status. Telemedicine use various applications like email, video, wireless tools, smart phones, and other telecommunication technologies. This has been a rapidly growing application technology, which is aimed at providing remote medical examinations and procedures. When two medical professionals share a case via telephone, it can also be referred to as telemedicine. This is quite simple, but telemedicine also incorporates the use of satellite technology or video conferencing for conducting real-time patient consultation. In short telemedicine can be defined as the use of information technology and communications in the delivery of clinical care. Telemedicine started over forty years ago when hospitals used to extend care to…. [read more]


Health System of Kuwait Term Paper

… According to International Science Review, there are 70 general area-specific clinics (or "centers"), and 141 specialized area-specific health clinics. The clinics do not provide surgeries and other more complicated services, however - they are primarily for "routine check-ups and preliminary examinations." There are five health-care regions in Kuwait, and in each region, there is one main federally-operated hospital (plus there is one additional hospital that has been built since these data were offered by the Kuwait government. The five hospitals are: Amiri Hospital in Kuwait City; Jahra Hospital in Jahra; Farwaniyah Hospital in Farwanijah; Mubarak Al-Kibir Hospital in Jabriya; and Adan Hospital in Fahaheel. The growth of the availability of doctors in Kuwait is quite dramatic. For example, there were only 362 doctors in Kuwait…. [read more]


Varying Differences of Universal Health Care Capstone Project

… ¶ … Universal Health Care

This project explores several published articles that report on results from research conducted on Online (Internet) and Offline (non-internet) on the benefits of Americans receiving/participating in Universal Health Care (UHC). The articles, however, vary in their definition in implementing UHC. The Democratic government suggests that UHC is more effective than Private Insurance Carriers (PIC), and advocate the use of supplementary coverage for the millions of previously and otherwise rejected un-insurable Americans. Other articles define UHC differently and therefore, offer different results?

This project examines UHC research in relation to several other research articles to suggest that all areas of UHC should be studied in order to fully understand how UHC will influence (impact) and better the lives of all Americans,…. [read more]


Rural vs. Urban Health Care Disparities Dissertation

… Health Care Disparity in Maryland

Context of the Problem

Unsettling Disparities Occur

Approximately 1,600,000 individuals who live in Maryland either do not have access to healthcare as they cannot afford insurance and/or are underinsured.



In "Health care reform: a vital issue for Maryland's nurses," Anne S. Kasper and Leni Preston (2008) stress this unsettling fact, as they point out that Maryland ranks number 24 in the United States in the number of uninsured residents. Fifteen percent of Maryland's population, almost 800,000 people, in fact, is not insured. The significance of the fact relating to those who do not have access to healthcare, Kasper, and Preston (2008) assert, increases as this magnificent number of individuals without access to healthcare does…. [read more]


British Healthcare System: A Model Term Paper

… British Healthcare System: A Model for the United States?

Are there components in the British National Healthcare system (NHS) that would fit well in the United States national healthcare system? This paper reviews and critiques scholarly, peer-reviewed research on several aspect of the NHS, noting which of those may or may not be appropriate in the United States.

An article in the journal Medical History (Stewart, 2008, p. 453) posits that the original idea behind the NHS was not "a national health service at all" but rather it was a "national hospital or a national sickness service." The focus was on treating injuries and sickness, Stewart insists, and preventative medicine -- along with public health education -- were "relatively neglected" (p. 454). Meantime, Stewart admits…. [read more]


Problem of National Health Care How Can Our National Health Care System Be Improved Term Paper

… Health Care Reform

Several years ago, health care reform was a hot political topic with President Bill Clinton's proposals to revolutionize medical health insurance. Even though his proposals didn't become law, sweeping changes are occurring within the health care system, particularly in regards to managed care health insurance and the reengineering of the hospital. The goals of these changes are to cut medical costs, make the delivery of health care more efficient, and to promote preventive medicine, health, and primary care. While these changes are positive in many ways, they are also creating concerns among both the health care consumer and provider. These changes must be managed to insure that high quality care remains at the forefront of medical care.

MANAGED CARE HEALTH INSURANCE

GROWTH…. [read more]


Government Role in Health Care Term Paper

… 3) What lessons can we infer from history around the efforts to enact National Health Insurance and/or Health Reform?

National health care reform has been impeded by a number of factors. Among the most influential are the complexity of the issues, ideological differences, the lobbying strength of special interest groups, a weakened Presidency, and the decentralization of Congressional power.

The public is generally unfriendly to proposals which involve additional financial obligations on the part of individuals towards health care costs. For example, the Committee on the Costs of Medical Care proposed group medicine and voluntary insurance during the 1920's and faced heavy opposition from much of the electorate. Although the American public has always supported the idea of guaranteed health care access for all, they…. [read more]


Obama Health Care Essay

… Other reforms in this law include mandated breaks for breast feeding in companies with fifty or more employees, elimination of referrals from primary care physician for gynecological services, smoking cessation coverage and 100% Medicare reimbursement for midwives (Robertson and Collins 2011).

Perhaps the most controversial aspect of the Affordable Care Act is the individual mandate that requires everyone in the United States purchase health insurance coverage. Proponents of a mandate argue that requiring 'free riders' to join the health insurance system will combat "adverse selection" in non-group insurance markets -- which occurs when a disproportionate number of sicker-than-average individuals enroll in a health plan and incur costs above what the insurer expected. Without a mechanism to prevent adverse selection, these proponents note, insurance market reform…. [read more]


Immigration Reform the Social Justice Research Paper

… Disparities between blacks and whites stems from varied interdependent variables. Nevertheless, an in depth theoretical analysis and background of studies suggested that unique emphasis has been placed on how healthcare has contributed towards disparities between blacks and whites in the U.S. Therefore, we focused on how the implementation of immigration reforms introduced comprehensive legislation that fixed the formerly tampered system of immigration thus strengthening the U.S. economy. Evidence has accumulated suggesting that stereotyping and prejudices are the primary causes of disparities between white and blacks in healthcare. Nevertheless, there is a pressing need for researchers in the future to pursue identity reasons justifying the disparities between the treatment given to white and black parents. Future research studies must focus on designing and implementing effective intervention…. [read more]


New Health Care Reform Term Paper

… Health Care Reform Through the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act ("PPACA") is one of the most controversial pieces of legislation in modern memory. This landmark legislation addresses the nation's long-dysfunctional health care system during one of the most challenging economic periods in the nation's history. The United States is one of the only industrialized nations in the world without universal access to health insurance. Domestically, this fact has been a source of great misery for many of the nation's poor or unemployed. Internationally, this fact has been a source of great embarrassment.

PPACA is meant to not only reduce the number of uninsured Americans, but also to correct a number of other deficiencies in the nation's healthcare…. [read more]


History of Healthcare Thesis

… ¶ … History of Healthcare

In The United States

It appears that the history of healthcare in the United States began sometime in the early 1900's during a time known as the Progressive Era, a reform movement which began in the states and by 1910 had spread through much of America. Basically, those linked to this era wished to make the federal government more responsive to the will of the people, to limit the power of great corporations, to protect the helpless and guarantee justice to poor and indigent Americans (Anderson, 2006, p. 56). Before this time, the federal government "took no actions to subsidize voluntary funds or make sick insurance compulsory" and generally "left matters to the states and to private and voluntary programs."…. [read more]


Affordable Care Act of 2010 Essay

… Although today Romney shies away from discussing that healthcare legislation -- he wants to appeal to the Tea Party and to conservatives by opposing Obama's plan, which is nearly identical to the one he got passed in Massachusetts -- the fact is the Massachusetts health plan -- passed by a Republican governor in cooperation with a Democratic state legislature -- is still in place in that state and it is very effective, according to objective news reports.

Gruber (National Tax Journal) reports that in fact there has been "…a dramatic expansion of health insurance coverage" in Massachusetts. One survey shows that there had been a "60% decline in the uninsured since 2006"; but in contrast, during that time the national population that was uninsured rose…. [read more]


Health Care Systems in USA Research Paper

… In America, the public health crisis is due to the fact that approximately 43 million residents are currently without health insurance. Consequently, the country's health care system is not working for everyone since there are problems associated with the increasing costs and lack of easy access to health services. Since a significant percentage of the population can't afford the expensive health care insurance, many of the conditions that could either be avoided or treated inexpensively develop into health crises (Hellander & Bailey, 2001). The crisis is also increasing because health care costs in America are rising faster than inflation and wages with these costs being passed to employees by their employers.

Differences in the Health Care Systems in USA and Haiti:

Some of the differences…. [read more]


India Healthcare a Change Toward Universal Thesis

… India Healthcare

A Change Toward Universal Healthcare in India

With a population of roughly 1.1 billion people, India is the second most populous nations on the Earth. And a condition directly pertinent to this disposition is its distinctive struggle to meet the needs, demands and ambitions of such enormous citizenries. Widespread poverty, inequality, social unrest and political upheaval are all conditions which persist both in remote rural regions and concentrated urban centers, representing a genuine challenge to India's ascendance as a major playes in the world community.

In parallel, the enormity of potential represented in such labor force, consumer interest and resource authority increasingly has coincided with a heightened openness toward internationalization of corporate investment trade interactions and the general progress of development. On the…. [read more]


Mental Health the Recent Changes Research Paper

… Mental Health

The recent changes to the health care sector (from the passage of the Affordable Care Act) have raised concerns about its long-term effectiveness in dealing with the uninsured, rising costs and quality. To fully understand the lasting impacts there will be a focus on what segments are most influenced by these challenges. This will help to determine the effect of these changes and how they will transform the health care sector. (Eibner, 2012)

Over the last several decades, income inequalities have been occurring inside the health care sector. This is because the U.S. system is based upon a privatized model that requires individuals paying for more of these costs. The results are that a larger percentage of the population cannot afford health care…. [read more]


Reputed Health Crisis Term Paper

… Business Perspectives; 9/22/2002; Wright, Douglas

Despite ongoing concerns about TennCare's cost and success, the program has provided health care coverage to Tennesseans at a reasonable price while benefiting the overall health care economy of Tennessee. This article examines some of the questions commonly asked about the TennCare program.

Why Was TennCare Created?

TennCare was created to help solve the state's budget problems. In 1993, Tennessee faced a budget shortfall of over 250 million state dollars caused largely by increases in Medicaid spending. State officials were forced to choose between massive cuts in spending or large increases in taxes. Cutting Medicaid spending would have resulted in the loss of about two federal matching dollars for every state dollar cut, a loss of hundreds of millions of…. [read more]


Why Is Covering Pre-Existing Conditions Important to Health Care Policy? Essay

… Pre-Existing Conditions and Health Care Policy

Pre-existing condition is a health condition that client had before he enrolled in an insurance plan. Many insurance companies across the country can deny coverage to people with pre-existing conditions or for that particular condition. Pregnancy, for example, if seen as a pre-existing condition and while a person may coverage for other health issues, she may be denied coverage for her existing pregnancy based on pre-existing clause. This problem affects millions of Americans and each year, a large number of people find themselves without insurance coverage due to some existing health issue. But denial, which works well for insurance companies, hurt those with chronic or prevalent conditions like heart diseases which affect 1 in 3 Americans. [1] It is…. [read more]


Health Maintenance Organization Impact on the Minorities Thesis

… HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATION IMPACT ON THE MINORITIES COMMUNITY: HISPANICS, African-American AND LATINOS

The focus of this research study is the health maintenance organization impact on the minorities' community and specifically the communities of Hispanics, African-American and Latinos in the locations of New York City, New Jersey, Connecticut and Chicago. In recent years it has become increasingly clear that the U.S. .healthcare system is failing in making the same quality of care provision for ethnic minority populations as are made for the majority white population and the racial and ethnic disparities in accessing quality healthcare have been documented in research studies. It is reported that African-Americans experience the highest rates of mortality from heart disease, cancer, cerebrovascular disease and HIV / AIDS than any other U.S.…. [read more]


Universal Health Care at Least Term Paper

… In Massachusetts, proponents of universal health care are working to put a referendum on next year's ballot that would strip state lawmakers and the governor of their health insurance unless they enact a plan to cover everyone in the state. Last year, Massachusetts voters narrowly defeated a similar referendum that would have mandated universal health care, banned for-profit takeovers of hospitals and HMOs, and enacted a patients' bill of rights. The HMO industry outspent supporters of the measure $6 million to $80,000.

In Illinois, 17 counties have passed a nonbinding referendum calling on the state Legislature to enact a universal health care plan by May 2002. Young said he even takes heart from the patients' rights debate. Although the bill will do nothing to address…. [read more]


1970s, Streamlining American Healthcare Term Paper

… " Even though we have developed statistical replicas that seem to authorize the delivery of homogeneous treatments on a collective basis to all patients, the principles differ extremely for the diverse groups of customers who buy diverse, personalized health care and insurance products (Marquis and group, 2004).

The antagonism to describe health care reality that has taken place as different interest groups have used their authority in the health care arena has not been equivalent. Corporate America has had far superior access than regular citizens to the social institutions, as well as, means through which corporate thinkers can mirror their philosophies, concurrently executing incredibly tangible social guidelines and legitimating them with the new "information," this use of power constructs. This is correct for corporate managers…. [read more]


Healthcare System the American Essay

… Healthcare System

The American healthcare system has been considered the best in the world for both innovation and quality of care for the past 100 years (Field 2007). While greater government and private intervention has entered into the overall healthcare industry, the current level or regulation has succeeded in creating an environment of increased confidence and assurance in the quality of the industry (Field 2007). Regardless of the past regulation, Americans and the world are at odds over the effect of current regulation set to come into effect beginning in 2013 (Jackson 2011). In fact, many speculate was to the total negative impact of socialized medicine on the current free market style of American medicine. In order to properly evaluate the future of American healthcare…. [read more]


Health Information Resources/Services Libraries Term Paper

… The educational responsibilities of the health science libraries incorporate teaching access to the literature and other information resources, making aware of the application of technology as a mode of accessing and managing information and also relevant skills in information organization and critical appraisal. The emerging variations in health sciences environment represents numerous teaching opportunities but also entail flexibility, the process of adapting to situations and creative solutions by practicing librarians. (Rankin; Sayre, 1993)

The persistent evolution of computer technology has enhanced the rate of variation in information-seeking activity, particularly in the health sciences. Consequently, the librarians are required to bring modifications to their behavior, resources and services to better dole out their clientele and own professional activities. The Annual Statistics of Medical School Libraries in…. [read more]


UK Healthcare Term Paper

… According to Enthoven, the focus was directed towards enabling private practice to develop and forcing more elderly people to independent private nursing homes, where they had to pay from own resources until their money ran out. Within this approach, the goals of the government as addressed by Enthoven were:

To improve its ability to control the NHS financially by separating 'health' from 'social' care and to continue offering 'free' if services were provided by the NHS staff based on 'means tested' access.

To increase the efficiency of the NHS by improving both productive efficiency and allocative efficiency.

According to Le Grand et al., (1998), the basis of the development of the 'internal market' involved the introduction of competition via the establishment of more and smaller…. [read more]


Policy Making Process Welfare Reform Term Paper

… Certain tools are developed to organize these actors and their influences so that reforms are made more effective and each point adds beneficial value in it (Rossetti and Bossert, 1999).

Politics and Healthcare Reforms

The modern world is focusing on the efficacy of healthcare systems and modern politicians are also paying much attention to it. The subject enjoys so much importance that need of reforms is realized at national level and a niche of government officers is dedicated to it. Most probably these officials belong to ministry of health and they are skilled in the field of policy analysis. They may have special technical skills in the field of health sciences but their exposure to relationship between policy formwork and healthcare setting is relatively poor.…. [read more]


Affordable Care Act Health Care Reform Capstone Project

… Affordable Care Act

The Affordable Health Care Act

The hospital industry is comprised of many different sectors including, but not limited to, non-profit and for-profit hospitals, safety net hospitals and teaching hospitals among others. Because the sectors are so varied, it is surmised that the Affordable Care Act, which was enacted in March of 2010, will have different effects for each different sector and individual hospital. There are certain hospitals that have always given either low-cost or no-cost health care to uninsured patients and it is posited that these hospitals will gain the most in relation to the uncompensated care that they have given patients. It is believed that there are substantial provisions within the Affordable Care Act that will have a beneficial effect on…. [read more]

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