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Nationalism, Gender, Thesis

… ¶ … Nationalism, Gender, And the Nation

The objective of this paper is to answer the question of whether policies of nationalist government modernize gender relations or do they represent a traditionalist aim to preserve or reestablish unequal and pre-modern gender relations, in effect archaizing gender relations? Another important goal is to connect this to a more specific question of "How does the notion of women as biological reproducers of the nation influence reproductive choices of women and nationalist agendas behind reproductive policy in socialist and postsocialist Poland?"

It does not really matter what country or region of the world in which the women lives there are always inherently, biologically, and perhaps even genetically related reasons why the woman does not realize the same autonomy…. [read more]

Nations and Nationalism Exist: Comparison Essay

… This is true most clearly in nations located in the Middle East. Language is held in the work of Laitin and Geertz to be of primary importance in the determination of a nation however, the national language is reported in the work of Hobsbawn to be a "pragmatic matter and still less a dispassionate one, as is show by the reluctance to recognize them as constructs, by historicizing, and inventing traditions for them." (1990) It is noted however, that language for some is viewed as the nation's soul and in some cases is a prerequisite for nationality.

Geertz writes that in new nation states that the new states

"are abnormally susceptible to serious disaffection based on primordial attachments. By a primordial attachment is meant one…. [read more]

Multiculturalism in Europe With Special Dissertation

… ¶ … Multiculturalism in Europe With Special Reference to Germany

The issue of multiculturalism has been the focus to the political concerns of European nations since nineteen forty five. The problem of multiculturalism covers numerous issues, which predominates differ with different political situations. Multiculturalism mirrors concerns regarding immigration and the manner in which immigrants settled in Western Europe between 1950s and 1960s. Following the break-up of communism in nineteen eight nine, and the rebellion of ethnic nationalism in the Eastern Europe, the problem of multiculturalism centered around devolution of power from central national governments to regionally sub-national groups and the probabilities of power-sharing at the centre. Multiculturalism was also linked to the developing numbers of political refugees, and in the wake of terrorists attacks in…. [read more]

Creating a Proposal for a Counseling Group Research Paper

… Counseling groups give members the opportunity to share experiences, discover new viewpoints, and experiment with the new behaviors in a relatively safe and supportive environment. A professional counseling service provider leads the group in its endeavor to satisfy demands of the members. This paper is a proposal that creates and illustrates a counseling group. In particular, it discusses into details the goals and objectives, evaluation plan for total group experience, logistics of group program, a comprehensive description of ten group sessions, description of group activities, and evaluation of the group. This evaluation will take into account the various copies of tests, rating forms, and questionnaires that are culturally appropriate.


Purpose and Rationale

The counseling group intends to provide members majority of which are teenagers…. [read more]

Homosexuality Japan in Japan's Progressive Term Paper

… Homosexuality Japan

In "Japan's Progressive Sex: Male Homosexuality, National Competition, and the Cinema," Jonathan M. Hall (2000) connects the "gay boom" in Japanese cinema with Japanese gender construction, gender norms, and Japanese nationalism. By framing male homosexuality as a reflection of heterosexual female desire, Japanese filmmakers reflect but also substantiate cultural values and social norms. Gay male sexuality is appropriated, manipulated, and marketed in ways that are meaningful within Japanese culture but also reflective of globalization.

Gay male imagery and themes permit the exploration of female heterosexuality and female gender identity within a patriarchal society. For instance, the heterosexual female assuages fears of male sexual predation, as the gay male is a safe friend and even safe bed partner. Hall (2000) notes that the gay…. [read more]

Muhammad Ali in Egypt Thesis

… But they took away, for five centuries, the possibility of an independent Arab-dom, and Arab nationalists bore them considerable ill-will for it[footnoteRef:13]. The only 'Arab' state conquered by the Turks which was not in irremediable decay, was the Mamluk state of Egypt and Syria[footnoteRef:14]. The Mamluks themselves were a dynasty of Turkish slaves; and in any case they afterwards succeeded, as did all the North African provinces, in enjoying internal autonomy under Ottoman suzerainty. The claim that the caliphate had been transmitted to the Ottoman sultans was made only late in the history of the Empire. It was as Turkish rulers that they held their power, and only secondarily (if at all) as vice-regents of the Prophet. They preserved and even sharpened the distinction between…. [read more]

Fascism in the Interwar Period Essay

… Generally, fascists consider the idea as the third alternative because it was a logical economic option that did not involve either communism or liberal capitalism. Contrary to the perspectives of socialists and liberal capitalists, fascists believed in the existence of inequality and different social classes the role of the State in mediating interactions between classes respectively.

Appealing Concepts about the Fascist Message:

The main reason attributed to the rise and spread of fascism during the interwar period is the fact that the fascist message consisted of various appealing elements to women, gender groups, workers, monarchists, and other socio-economic groups. First, the fascist message was appealing to these people because it was a practical economic alternative that was neither socialist nor liberal capitalist. This message was…. [read more]

Consider How National Identity and Culture Is Constructed Through Fashion in China and Japan Term Paper

… ¶ … national identity and culture is constructed through fashion in China and Japan

Fashion and Cultural Identity on China and Japan

Fashion, as it relates to culture, has initiated a relatively new and complex area of research into society and societal history. The concept of fashion has come to mean more than merely the history of dress and style for its own sake. Consequently, the study of fashion has developed into a multidisciplinary field that includes cultural, historical and sociological analyses of the role of fashion in societies.

The emerging field of fashion studies, sometimes known as the "new" fashion history, differs significantly from traditional dress history, which tended to focus on the stylistic analysis of elite fashions. By contrast, contemporary fashion studies asks…. [read more]

Meiji Masculinity Japanese Men and Their Encounter With the West Thesis

… ¶ … Japanese history attribute Meiji masculinity to the peculiar customs of the Meiji period, its specific characteristics of the Emperor, and, in some related way, its association with the Western world. Investigation of the relevant material actually denotes Meiji masculinity to have roots that go back far earlier, and it is this essay's suggestion that these roots trace themselves to an influence that was strong on Japanese thinking of that period: Confucianism.

Using primary sources, this essay summarily describes the Meiji period, elaborates on Meiji masculinity, shows the impact that Confucianism had on the early to pre-modern Japanese mindset, delineates Meiji treatment towards women, and concludes by demonstrating how Confucianism integrated with Western influences resulted in Meiji masculinity particularly in their impression of and…. [read more]

Anthro if Anna Tsing Essay

… Applying the tools, techniques, goals, objectives, and methods used in The Nuer to the Meratus would leave a totally different impression on the reader. The ethnographer would remove the Meratus from their position within the historical, cultural, social, and economic context they are found in. They will be viewed in isolation of these external elements, in an attempt to discover some purity of cultural expression such as how kinship lineage and social structures have evolved internally within the bukit/Meratus society. An observer but not necessarily a participant, Pritchard might choose to enhance the narrative with photography and surveys, but would not rely on interviews, storytelling, or other methods of Meratus narration. The objective is to analyze Meratus culture from Pritchard's Euro-centric perspective, not to tell…. [read more]

Geography Political Science Essay

… Geography/Political Science

(a) the main characteristic of the Cold War was, first of all, that this was an ideological conflict between two superpowers, the U.S. And the Soviet Union. From that perspective, Colin Flint's statement is definitely true and can be supported through some of the events that went on during the Cold War period. Certainly, in Soviet Union, the geopolitical agency in the home came hand in hand with the dictatorship of the Communist Party.

In its opinion, the simplest way towards winning the Cold War was that of a complete control over society, which would allow the Party to control in depth both the resources of the country and the way these would be directed towards the purpose and objectives that the Party…. [read more]

Propaganda Whitney, C. and Wartella Article Review

… The main thing that Morel emphasizes on is the using the blacks in their troops to fulfill their war. Africans had no option but to follow their masters. His last impact was in Scotland, where the committee on social problems of the united Church of Scotland investigated the charges made against the French troops, and concluded they were true. The church cited Morels writing as proof of their accusations.

Malamuth, M.N. (2001). Pornography. Elsevier Science Ltd.

Pornography refers to all sexually explicit media whose main intent is to arouse the audience sexually. Obscenity means any pornographic material considered illegal by the legal system. Due to advancement in new types of media, for instance the internet, feasibility of governments to restrict pornographic content is very low.…. [read more]

Shirley Chisholm an Analysis Essay

… Community building, the term, is the effort that some make, and that all should make, to build a continuity between all people of African origin who live in the United States. Shirley Chisholm tried to do this by working for many black community organizations such as the NAACP, but she realized that there was more that could be done for her community (Chisholm, 1970, 53). She ran for, and won, a seat on the New York Assembly in 1963 (she was seated in 1964), and then when she realized that it was possible to have even greater influence, she ran for her local seat on the U.S. House of Representatives (Hill, 1993). It was a mystery to many of the political leaders in the city…. [read more]

Sexuality and the War on Terror Essay

… Sexuality and the War on Terror

Terrorism is generally related to evil, as well as to people displaying abnormal behaviors, promoting concepts that come against ordinariness. Sexuality is one of the domains that influence terrorism, people being tempted to consider terrorists to have a tendency toward sexual deviances. Society has a history in dealing with this kind of situation, originally identifying individuals that perform abnormal activities with animals. In the opinion of the general public, one of the main factors related to atypical behavior is deviant sexuality. It is not certain what drives people to perform abnormal activities, but it is certain that their actions contradict notions such as discipline and normality as accepted as the norm today.

The Western world is considered to be…. [read more]

Hardin 2001 Thesis

… Hardin 2001

In talking about social identity, Hardin suggests that the way a group remembers its history "contributes to mystification rather than explanation or understanding.".. 1.Do you think this is an accurate statement?

The way a group remembers its own history can, but does not always, "contribute to mystification rather than explanation or understanding" (Hardin 2001). Deep understanding and awareness leads to the ability to reflect critically on identity and craft one as free as possible from bias. However, such awareness rarely happens. As Hardin (2001) suggests, identity is socially constructed. The social construction of identity precludes the possibility of a truly objective sense of self. Moreover, the nature of identity itself is mystifying. It may not be possible for any identity to exist in…. [read more]

Contemporary History Term Paper

… ¶ … Invention of Peace: Discussion 1 - Does not peace itself create the conditions that will ultimately lead to war? (Question # 2). No. Hobbes described peace very narrowly as a period when war is neither being planned nor actively waged (Howard 2000). But peace also describes the absence of the conditions and circumstances that lead to war. By this broader definition, a period where war is neither being planned nor waged might still fail to constitute peace if conditions of that period are characterized by the dissatisfaction or fear on the part of one or more parties to that peace. The dissatisfaction of one or more parties to any peace and/or the fear of one or more parties to any peace from other…. [read more]

South Africa Economy History Research Paper

… South Africa Economy

History of South Africa

Political Situation of the Country

South African Economy

Key Macroeconomic Variables

Justice/Judiciary System of the Country

Environmental Concerns

Health Concerns in South Africa

Society/Family/Culture of the Nation

Religion practiced in South Africa


History of South Africa

South Africa has been a land of people with multiple cultural backgrounds since it was inhabited. Several centuries ago, people from different corners of African land migrated towards south and settled there with families. Additionally, many settlers came from European countries during the period of colonization together with black individuals from other African nations who were hired as slaves. Furthermore, many Asians travelled to South Africa in search of better employment and dwelled there.

Amongst the initial groups of foreigners that…. [read more]

Comparison of American and Japanese Early Childhood Education Term Paper

… American and Japanese Early Childhood Education


Public education provides for many things in one's life, such as improved social standing, an educated electorate, and a greater opportunity for citizens of a democratic society. Education is a marker for career achievement and serves as an indicator of social equality or inequality. In most areas, education is seen as a prerequisite for professional advancement and related economic levels. Lack of education commonly receives blame for such social problems as inequities in employment, social aspirations, and perception. Equalizing education, therefore, has many dimensions that go beyond just the system of education.

Originally, most education systems centralized as a conscious effort to provide more education to more people and to improve the quality of that education. The expansion…. [read more]

Educational Policies Social Issues Term Paper

… Educational Policies/Social Issues

A) Define the problem;

Since the attack on the world trade Center and the pentagon on September 11, 2001, the racial discrimination has been on the rise in the United States. This is particularly true with reference to the Muslims living in America. Furthermore, it is quite ironic to note that no comprehensive programs have been introduced to cut down the trend of racial discrimination against the Muslims, in fact, on the contrary, it is believed by many that quite a few statuary laws have been introduced with the sole purpose of targeting Muslims. The Muslims have become isolated and they feel that they are being treated unfairly. In the course of the ill-exercise of the perceptions of partisanship, nationalism and patriotism,…. [read more]

Tom Barnett's Book the Pentagon's New Map Term Paper

… ¶ … Pentagon's New Map

One of the greatest dangers and most common military fallacies of the leaders of a nation are to engage in the fighting of the last war, rather than the current and future strategic challenges facing the world. The United States military leaders were not exempt from this mistake, says Tom Barnett, in his book, the Pentagon's New Map, during the 1990's. Then, America was still focused in its design more upon on fighting the Cold War of the past, rather than looking to see how the new world order would create a different series of geographic alliances, between what the author calls functional and dysfunctional states.

Although he is a product of the Pentagon and the American military system of…. [read more]

Literature in Popular Culture Washington Irving's the Legend of Sleepy Hollow Book Report

… Sleepy Hollow as Popular Culture

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, a short story by American author Washington Irving, was actually written while the author lived in England. It was published in 1820 and like Irving's Rip Van Winkle, has been read by generations of students, turned into numerous alternative stories, animated features, and computer games. It was made into a stamp in 1974, has been an inspiration for music, street and town names, and even motion pictures. Two of the characters, Ichabod Crane and The Headless Horseman have become both iconic and archetypal within American popular culture (Burstein, 2007).

Irving's inspiration for Sleepy Hollow appears to have been an old German folktale, told for years as an oral tale and then written by Karl Musaeus.…. [read more]

Voice of the Fugitive Essay

… The poem shapes the ideas of isolation in a community, who is considered to be worse than animals, where their children are taken away to be sold, and where having a black complexion is considered to be a sin.

The poem echoes the history of the paper, and the sentiments of its founder, who too found solace in Canada, where he was not treated as a commodity, but as a human, where he too could stand erect. It imbues a sense of belonging and togetherness for the Black community, who seek a life of dignity and respect for their individual selves, irrespective of the "tincture of their skin."


The Black communities in those days were discriminated against very badly and there were heinous crimes…. [read more]

Memory Studies Memories of Cyprus Term Paper

… However, these are official histories and don't not entirely represent the memories of the residents of the two societies. Furthermore, where the history has been twisted for political purposes, one needs to understand that these both the states have a synchronized culture, presenting them to have an identical identity. This is where the concept of Cypriotism emerges. Hence, a combined Cyprus has an ethnic nationalism rather than Turkish or Greek nationalism.

It is further important to note that the official history can also be used to verify limited claims rather than the complete reality. As Bryant mentioned in her work how the official histories were shown to have faulty information which has been used by the politicians to instigate heat in students. There have been…. [read more]

Modernism and Culture Studies Annotated Bibliography

… The subsequent articles expand how individual works are perceived in the context of modernist canon: Syndey Bufkin, in a bid to connect romantic traditions with a utopian novel, re-contextualizes Dark Princess by W.E.B. Du Buois – a work frequently deemed to be propagandist in nature. Lastly, Timothy C. Baker examines A Scots Quair by James Leslie Mitchell, historically regarded closely in Scot literary canon, revealing its applicability to modernist notions of romance and fiction.

Crary, Jonathan. Suspensions of Perception: Attention, Spectacle, and Modern Culture. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1999. Print.

This work, which concentrates on the era between 1880 and 1905, explores the links between subjectivity’s modernization and the remarkable growth and development of auditory/visual culture. The crux of this work is contemporary…. [read more]

Religion and Politics Uses Term Paper

… Since the study of the relationship between contemporary efforts to formulate Islamic rights provisions and their counterparts in contemporary international human rights law is a proper and even conventional topic in the field of comparative legal history, one would not expect that researching and commenting on it would be like stepping into an ideological minefield. In actuality, one discovers that the mere project of undertaking a critical assessment of Islamic approaches to rights will be widely denounced as a venture necessarily motivated by ethnocentric biases and designed to promote political objectives associated with Orientalism and Western imperialism." (Mayer, 1999)

Whenever the east has attempted to portray itself as strong, the west through orientalism has squashed the efforts. "Crude dualism appears necessary for constructing the positive…. [read more]

Future of Cuba Term Paper

… Cuba After Castro

Cuba is an island nation some 90 miles from Florida, and proximity alone gives this country great importance in the thinking of American leaders. More than this, however, Cuba represents a major loss in the Western Hemisphere, a country that is Communist-led and that has therefore been viewed as a major security threat to the United States. At times, that threat has been given even more weight, as it was during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. At other times, the threat has been less specific and often derives largely from antipathy to the leadership and to the very idea of Communism. In addition, Cuba holds a place of importance because of the many exiles from Cuba who have come to the…. [read more]

Racial Ideology of Latinas as Evidenced in Discourse Analysis Literature Review

… Racial ideology of Latinas / Lit. review

Racial Ideology of Latinas in Discourse Analysis

Racial Ideology of Latinas

Latina Discourse -- Fiction and Non-Fiction

In her book Borderlands: The New Mestiza (1999), author Gloria Anzaldua, a self-proclaimed "borderland Chicana," writes about her experiences living on the border between Texas and Mexico. She describes the experience as being challenging and frustrating because of the conflict of the borderland. She refers to this way of living as being a "marginal person," existing in a perpetual state of transition and ambivalence. She expresses the frustration of what it is like to have the steady influence of different cultures while lacking the ability or the security to claim one of those cultures for herself. She infuses her expression with…. [read more]

Dr. Veraswami Thesis

… Ambivalence of Dr. Veraswami of George Orwell's Burmese Days

Better known for his classic novels, Nineteen Eighty-Four and Animal Farm, George Orwell was also the author of a number of other compelling books that have attracted a great deal of scholarly attention over the years. In his first novel, Burmese Days, though, Orwell provides modern readers with some poignant examples of what life was like in colonial Burma when the British were in control but were not universally accepted by the indigenous peoples. Moreover, Burma was certainly not unique among the nations of Southeast Asia, and with the sole exception of Thailand, all of these countries experienced the colonization of imperialist European nations at some point in their long histories in ways that left a…. [read more]

Catholic Church Public Policy in Spain and US Thesis

… As I previously mentioned, the Spanish population is religiously homogeneous. Roman Catholics compose of 99% of the population, while the remaining 1% of the population is composed of those belonging to Jewish, Protestant, Muslim, and Buddhist faiths. In relation to other countries in the European Union, Spain boasts one of the most "religious" populations. As data from a study of religiosity in the European shows, as late as 1982, only Ireland surpasses Spain in religious practice. Further, by the end of the decade, the percentage of individuals identifying themselves as "religious persons" ranged from a low of 48% in Denmark to 72% in the Irish Republic. The Spanish percentage of 68% exceeded all other countries except Ireland, Portugal and Greece. In stark contrast to the…. [read more]

Social Work What Does the 'Partisan Mind Term Paper

… Social Work

What does the 'Partisan Mind' suggest about social work practice, social workers, and the Code of Ethics?

The occupation of social work evolved through the endeavors to address the person-environment relationship in the service of enhancing peoples' lives and assist in the transformation and growth through skilled interventions. The driving forces of Social work are helping needy members of society, improving the welfare of people within their social framework, and addressing the interests of the whole society. By concurrently addressing both the person and the environment, social work is very comprehensive in its approach. It is this context of inclusiveness that makes it becomes challenging to elucidate (National Association and Social Workers, 2008). Even though, social work essentially struggled for a comprehensive integrative…. [read more]

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