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Afghanistan the Current Situation Essay

… Afghanistan

The current situation in Afghanistan is not improving as was hoped for given the massive and expensive American and NATO intervention. There are crises and serious issues in the country including: a) the lack of a competent, well-trained military defence force; b) a lingering legacy of poverty and hopelessness; and c) the re-emergence of the Taliban, a radical Islamic fighting force that was ousted from Afghanistan after 9/11 but is coming back as a disruptive insurgency. These issues will be presented in this paper.

The Afghanistan National Army -- Not Competent and Not Ready

One of the main reasons why the United States and NATO have pumped billions of dollars in aid and in military might into Afghanistan was to be able to hold…. [read more]

NATO's Controversial Relationship in Afghanistan With the EU and Russia Research Paper

… NATO's Controversial Relationship in Afghanistan with the EU and Russia

The 2001 U.S. intervention in Afghanistan generated much controversy, with some of the major powers expressing reservation regarding the political and ethical reason for military intrusion in the Middle East. The European Union and Russia were particularly expected to get actively involved in the matter and in spite of the fact that the two communities were initially skeptical and appeared to be reluctant to support the U.S., they both joined the Northern American power. Debates emerged as a result of the limited support the war received from the general public and because the U.S. continued fighting even with its frequent claims to stop the conflict.

The 9/11 terrorist attacks and the subsequent military intervention in…. [read more]

Russia NATO Relations Essay

… On the other hand Russia insisted that this recognition was done based on the situation on the ground and it was in accordance to the UN Charter. NATO had taken an initiative to suspend t6he relation between them, and Russia completely terminated the cooperation agreement that existed. All this happened after the events of Georgia 2008 and they really had an impact on the negative views that Russia had on NATO (Vasilenkov, 2012).

The relations between NATO and Russia were further strained when Russia diplomats were expelled by NATO in 2009.They were expelled on the basis that they were on a spying mission and were not genuine diplomats. This intensified the tension which was already created by the NATO military exercises in Georgia as proposed…. [read more]

Russia's International Future Essay

… Russia has gone full circle with respect to alignment: once having denounced NATO, the EU was accepted as Russia's "near abroad," but the EU is now considered to be hostile to Russia. The word is out that Vladimir Putin has conceptualized a Eurasian Union. As long as he plays hardball, Putin relegates Russia to the margins -- neither European nor Asian.

2.Based on our discussions of contemporary Europe, is Russia likely to grow more or less blended with Europe? Why or why not?

Russia is again ratcheting up in its aggression-cooperation cycle, sore about Crimea and with the Ukraine in its sights. With Russian forces perched on the border with the Ukraine, the country is playing a game of Russian roulette. Should Russia invade the…. [read more]

NATO and the European Union the Cold Term Paper

… NATO and the European Union

The Cold War period represented an important time in the history of the European continent and in the development of the concept of security and the way in which it was dealt with at the level of the national security strategies. The bipolar system that succumbed following the fall of the Iron Curtain had established up to that point a security structure based on the alliance system, NATO and the Warsaw Pact. However, when the Pact no longer represented an adversary for the Northern Alliance, the major problem for NATO as well as for the European Union became obvious in the lack of threat such a construction must face. At the same time, the challenges facing the new, emerging, international…. [read more]

NATO the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Term Paper


The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was founded in 1949 when twelve nations from Western Europe and North America signed the North Atlantic Treaty in Washington, DC (, 2011). The first NATO members are listed in Appendix A along with the current membership role. The key stipulation in the treaty was that "an armed attack against one or more…" of the members "…shall be considered an attack against them all." The structure of NATO began to take shape in 1950, when the outbreak of the Korean War heightened the sense of urgency felt by the NATO members. Gen. Eisenhower was appointed Supreme Allied Commander Europe and began the task of setting up NATO's structure.

The first forty years of NATO were defined largely by…. [read more]

Russia's Foreign Policy Towards Germany's Demand for a Permanent Seat in the UN Security Council Term Paper

… Russia's foreign policy towards Germany's demand for a permanent seat in the UN Security Council

The Warsaw Pact and the Soviet Union may have been consigned to the historical dustbins of failed experiments, but the Russia that emerged from these fiascoes retains many of the same problems and foreign policy goals of its former empire. Likewise, the Germany of today may not resemble the divided nations that existed a few years ago, but its foreign policy goals have changed in substantive ways. As the nations of Europe continue their inexorable march towards a United States of Europe (GmbH), Germany stands to play an increasingly important role in world affairs, challenging the former Soviet Union's global leadership role in unprecedented ways. Clearly, there are some fundamental…. [read more]

NATO's New Threat Assessments Asymmetric Threats and Global Terrorism Essay

… NATO and Terrorism

Now that NATO is involving itself more and more in the field of terrorism in Afghanistan and elsewhere, is NATO really equipped to become involved in terrorism?

Tomas Valasek, Senior Analyst for the Center for Defense Information in Washington, D.C., wrote that after the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States, and shortly thereafter when the U.S. went into Afghanistan to destroy the Taliban, NATO was "…nowhere in sight."

Valasek explains that the 19 allies in NATO had spent "decades planning for jointly defending one another from attack" but when the U.S. got into Afghanistan, NATO was asked not to become involved by the Bush Administration. "Some observers say that NATO's role as a fighting alliance is over," Valasek wrote in…. [read more]

Afghanistan Political Stability and Economic Prosperity Essay

… Afghanistan

Political stability and economic prosperity for Afghanistan are not realistic long-term objectives for Afghanistan. It is rare in Afghan history for political security to exist. In the past several centuries, Afghanistan has lacked long-term political stability (Roe, 2005). It is conceivable that the country could achieve stability in the form of a strong militaristic ruler but the country at present is a patchwork of tribes and warlords. There are intense rivalries between these warlords that will always threaten stability in the absence of a powerful central government. Such instability is endemic in Central Asia and has been for centuries, as evidenced in historical works such as the Baburnama. Today, in order for a central government to have sufficient power to overcome such tribal allegiances,…. [read more]

NATO and the Marshall Plan and How They Effected the Cold War Term Paper


The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Marshall Plan played an instrumental role in the Cold War. The purpose of this discussion is to explore the connection between NATO and the Marshall Plan and how they affected the Cold War. Let us begin this discussion by describing NATO and the Marshall Plan.

NATO and the Marshall Plan

NATO can best be described as an alliance of 26 North American and European countries. The purpose of the alliance was to fulfill the goals established by the North Atlantic Treaty that was implemented in 1949. The North Atlantic Treaty contains 16 articles and the primary purpose of the treaty is to resolve conflict with peaceful means, to protect freedom and civility, to supply mutual aid…. [read more]

U.S. and Afghanistan Remain Allies? Essay

… S. To severe ties with Afghanistan. Terrorist cells that have been inactive for a while should be watched closely to ensure that they are not activated. This can only be done if the two countries remain allies. Should the terrorist groups be allowed to regroup, it will take probably another war to dislodge them largely because as Borger (2013) points out, the Afghan National Army is not yet competent enough to fight on its own. To safeguard its national interests, the U.S. should further deepen its relationship with Afghanistan. In my opinion, this is enough motivation for the two countries to remain allies.

It should also be noted that the two countries' trade relations could be further enhanced should they decide to remain allies. In…. [read more]

America-Afghanistan Relations Essay

… This is a self-nominated role as custodian of a (prospective) global order based on American democracy and capitalism" (Pfaff, 2012). Of course, some might argue that the absolute opposite is true -- that the U.S. presence sparks terrorist activity and that the U.S. has been completely ineffective at stopping the insurrection of the Taliban (Pfaff, 2012). Regardless, creating a strong alliance between the two countries is vital: they need a peaceful rapport to contribute to one another's sense of stability.

In fact, in summer of 2012, the U.S. declared Afghanistan a completely major, largely significant, non-NATO ally: "The move, announced as Mrs. Clinton stood with President Hamid Karzai... was part of a broad strategic partnership deal signed by the United States and Afghanistan in May,…. [read more]

Afghanistan Is a Natural Crossroad for Invaders Term Paper

… Afghanistan is a natural crossroad for invaders. It is predominantly Muslim, 77% of whom live in the rural areas. They are also called Pakhtuns. With the overthrow of the Soviets by the United States in 1989, a civil war turned the virtual rule of the country to the dreaded Taliban movement in 1996. After the September 11, 2001 bombings in New York, the U.S. crushed the Taliban forces in Afghanistan, introduced a new constitution and established a presidential form of government. Only five years later, the new government confronted problems, which included the rule of law, human rights violations and conflict resolution problems. The hujra was at the center of the social, economic and political existence of the Pakhtuns,

The Afghans' top priority as regards…. [read more]

NATO Continuous Acquisition and Life-Cycle Term Paper

… Funded by eleven of the 19 NATO Nations, NATO CALS is a joint activity to improve NATO's skills to make use of information and communications technology, in the attainment and lifecycle support of complex DSs. The mission of NATO CALS is:

To boost interoperability, reduce the costs of defense equipment lifecycle, guarantee the promptness of NATO forces and lessen purchasing lead times,

By assisting continuous development of business processes,

By using international standards and practices, application of advanced tools and technologies, along with growing co-operation with industry,

By creating an opportunity for NATO industry in order to improve its global competitiveness.

NATO CALS Components:

NATO CALS has three main functions:

The NATO CALS Management Board (NCMB) meets thrice a year in order manage the work…. [read more]

Political Framework of EU Thesis

… As a result, European nations looked forward to developing nations such as Asia, Africa and South America for the purchase of these necessities. For developing nations this was an opportunity to become known as suppliers of grist, therefore, they were willing to enter into this trade agreement. However, what European Leaders wanted was more than a simple trade agreement; their aim was to enforce their rules on these nations, making them colonies of the infinite European empire. Therefore, they entered into the agreement after setting out a lot of rules for the dependent nations to follow. As time passed by, these rules made the European leaders indirectly administer the nation, thus the nations became a part of European empire. History reveals that the imperialism is…. [read more]

Global Domestic Security Threat Impact of NATO Term Paper

… Global / Domestic security threat/Impact of NATO

Current domestic and global security threats: The impact on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed to cope with the challenges of a bipolar world. However, today's global environment faces multi-polar challenges from non-state actors such as terrorists. Threats once considered domestic concerns now affect the world, like global warming and the need to rebuild the infrastructure of unstable states such as Afghanistan and Bosnia. The globalization of modern society has meant the globalization of modern technological threats, including cyberterrorism, as well as increased international competition for scarce energy resources. All of these problems affect NATO members but cannot be addressed with a regionally specific focus. To create a more secure…. [read more]

Political Events in Ukraine Term Paper

… His promises in inauguration speech inspired Ukrainians but at the same time they mean that the nation has to make a tremendous effort in order to overcome its dark past. Economical development and gross product growth rate which is by the way the highest in Europe (13% in 2004) doesn't mean that forecast of Ukraine's economy will be optimistic.

Ukraine is not the member of WTO, without this membership it can not even dream about membership in EU. The U.S.A. had not abolished restrictions on trade with Ukraine as Ukraine is still the country subjected to the amendment of Jackson-Vennik

(Which imposes restrictions on trade with countries where human rights are not fully protected. This amendment was a reply on the demands of Russian-Jewish emigrants…. [read more]

Germany West East Term Paper

… 9

In building the Weimar Triangle, Germany is engaging in what has traditionally been NATO. NATO has traditionally been perceived as a community of states where the cooperation is based upon the respect of the fundamental values of democracy and market economy. This is increasingly a cornerstone of Poland's Western European Union (WEU) efforts with its partners such as Germany and France.

As long as Western countries respect the fundamental concept of Europe's integration, that is of democracy and free markets, they can count on the Poles to climb on board efforts to extend Western efforts (German and French) influence there.10

The new politics in Europe is being played out in the East. However, it is a continually more marginalized game that Germany is playing,…. [read more]

Baltic EU Russia, Essay

… Baltic EU

Russia, the Baltic States and the European Union

The research conducted here below concerns the current state of hostility and disconnect between Russia and the Baltic States of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. Simultaneously achieving independence in 1991, the three states in question would enter into NATO and the EU in 2004. Problematic foreign policy and citizenship issues illustrate a conflict in its policy of Europeanization and simultaneous Soviet disavowal. This has proved an unrealistic way of moving forward in a region where Russia remains an imposing force.

Central Puzzle:


Our research begins with the period initiated in 1991 and leading up to 2002. This first decade following the Cold War would see many parts of the world redefined by a major shift…. [read more]

War in Afghanistan Research Paper

… War in Afghanistan is visibly approaching its end in 2014 as the U.S. has committed to withdraw majority of combat troops in the year 2014. Since it is an electioneering pledge made by President Obama, it is likely that the U.S. will not let any worsening of the Afghan security situation to hinder his withdrawal plan from Afghanistan. The theoretical perspective of the Afghan war, however, points to a somewhat disturbing situation in the future. Use of Ad-hoc terrorist theory, war of the flea theory, and fourth generation warfare theory by the Taliban fighters in confluence with Al-Qaeda indicate that Taliban will find it highly difficult to come in peaceful terms with historically anti-Taliban warring groups. Thus, superiority in terms of war skills of Taliban…. [read more]

Georgia Russia Crisis Research Proposal

… Georgia-Russia Crisis - an Overview

Background Facts

Georgia gained independence from the Soviet Union when the U.S.S.R. broke up at the end of 1991. Georgia was racked by the economic and social collapse that affected the states of the former Soviet Union as they attempted to restore capitalism. (Jones, 2008)

The national minorities, in particular, the ethnic Russians in Georgia, and groups such as the Ossetians, had always been more pro-Russian than pro-Georgian and began to get concerned for their own position. Pro-Russian movements were deliberately propagated to undermine the Georgian government -- sometimes by the Russian state. Unhappy with the lack of economic progress, other sections of the ruling elite moved against then President Gamsakhurdia.

Ministers resigned and the army divided into pro- and…. [read more]

Conflict Resolution in the Middle Term Paper

… The pro-Israel camp has its own lobbies, organizations, think tanks, magazines, support groups, Internet user groups, etc. that strives hard to establish that the Arabs are wrong and they are right. The Israelis pose to be more outstanding in morality than the Arabs. Similarly the lobbies, organizations, think tanks, magazines, support groups, Internet user groups, etc. existing in the side of pro-Arab camps strives hard to establish that the Israelis are wrong and they are right. They also announce in similar fashion that they are morally more upstanding in comparison to the Israelis. Both of the groups are accusing each other labeling allegation that the other is morally deficient, the other is not acting nicely and because of the other that they are not arriving…. [read more]

War in Afghanistan Research Paper

… By December, 2001, the money began to flow to Pakistan from the Pentagon, and a "complete reversal of the atmosphere" that had been created by the American sanctions was now in evidence, Zakheim continued. Pakistan of course knew full well that the Taliban were operating their shady terrorism in the remote region call the tribal areas of Pakistan near the border with Afghanistan. And they pledged to attack those tribal area now that they were basically paid billions of American dollars to do so. Money makes a big difference when there is a shaky diplomatic relationship between two countries but one country, in this case the United States, has the cash to spend, and has the need for support against terrorism.

Not only did the…. [read more]

War on Terror - Afghanistan Thesis

… War on Terror - Afghanistan

Introduction / Thesis

The Afghan people have been subjected to hostile takeovers and cultural disruptions for centuries, so the invasion by the Soviet Union in 1979 and the subsequent seizing of power by the Taliban are not new dynamics in this ancient land. The Taliban were driven out after 9/11 but are now resurgent; the Afghan border with Pakistan is where Taliban fighters get their training and their marching orders. The new U.S. president has signaled a shift away from Iraq and is reportedly sending 17,000 or more troops to Afghanistan. This paper posits that the U.S. cannot "win" the war in Afghanistan because there are simply too many young Muslim men around the world who already despise America, who…. [read more]

Comparing Between the Two U.S. Intervention in Afghanistan and Pakistan After 2001 Term Paper

… ¶ … U.S. Interventions in Afghanistan and Pakistan

intervention in Afghanistan in the wake of the 9/11 terrorist attacks and its involvement in Pakistan since 2001, although of diametrically opposite nature, are intertwined in many ways. Its intervention in Afghanistan was essentially a revenge attack for the 9/11 terrorism in order to punish the Taliban for their support of al-Qaeda; it was purportedly also aimed at capturing or killing Osama bin Laden, who lived in Afghanistan at the time, and to destroy the Islamic militant training camps in the country. Its involvement in Pakistan was basically aimed at stopping its government and its intelligence agencies from supporting the Taliban forthwith, to extend full co-operation to the U.S. In its "War against Terror," and to disband…. [read more]

Canada US Relationship Thesis

… Canada-U.S. Relationship

Canada and the United States enjoy the world's longest unprotected border, the world's largest trading relationship and a long history of close and cordial relations. The two nations are presently working together on a number of key issues, including terrorism, trade and issues of border security. The tone of the relationship at any given time is typically set by the political ideologies of the respective nation's leaders. So while the Liberal Chretien government sparred with the Bush administration over a number of key issues, the Conservative Harper government brought the two nations closer together. The twin objectives of this paper are to examine some of the key issues that characterize the present political relationship between Canada and the United States and to analyze…. [read more]

Issue of Turkey Joining the EU Research Proposal

… Turkey EU

In December 1999 at the Helsinki European Council, Turkey became a candidate country for EU membership. The prospect of Turkey joining the EU is one of the most ambitious -- and contentious -- moves that the Union has made. Negotiations began in 2005 and have proceeded at a relatively slow pace. There are a wide range of issues that need to be addressed before Turkey can be accepted into the EU. The issues are not simply practical. Turkey's status as a Muslim country, albeit a secular one, is of concern to many in Europe. As well, Turkey's poor relations with EU member Greece in the past century and a half threatens negotiations. Furthermore, instability in the country, in particular with respect to the…. [read more]

War in Afghanistan Research Paper

… War in Afghanistan

Following the unprecedented 9 / 11 terrorist attacks on American soil, an atmosphere of fear and hysteria swept through the world. U.S. reprisal came in the form of fully blown war against terrorism as they assured the world that America would use all resources at its disposal to wage war on terror. Even as the demise of Osama bin Laden marked an important milestone in the U.S.-led war on terror, it appears as though U.S. Middle East foreign policy is going to take yet another tactical turn. After scaling down operations in Iraq in the first term, the Obama administration is at least rhetorically signaling that they will remove combat troops in 2014. By just about every measure, Afghanistan is still smoldering…. [read more]

Irakli Alasania: Georgia and Russia Term Paper

… This is just a short list of the problems that the nation has right now.

Saakashvili came to power, and, like many other people given a lot of power, he misused the trust of the people. He started to accept the personal gains that were possible as president of Georgia, and stopped leading the people who had elected him. He allowed the corruption that has been a part of Georgia, and he allowed Georgia to remain a Russian puppet state. Alasania wants to change all of that.

Alasania has a vision for Georgia that includes many reforms which will turn it into a productive, free market, truly democratic member of the global slate of nations. He wants to forge a trading alliance with the United…. [read more]

Current Conflict in Afghanistan Essay

… ¶ … conflict in Afghanistan

Who are the combatants?

The conflict began when the U.S. And Great Britain invaded Afghanistan in 2001, after the attacks upon the World Trade Towers by the Al-Qaeda terrorist organization.

What are the reasons for the conflict?

The invasion was undertaken with the mission of making the U.S. safe by destroying the Al-Qaeda terrorist organization responsible for the attacks of 9/11. The Taliban government was a supporter of Al-Qaeda and allowed the organization to use the nation as its base (Afghanistan-profile, 2010, ADH-Geneva). The mission entitled Operation Enduring Freedom also resolved to unseat the Taliban government and bring a democratic regime to power, thus creating a more humane as well as a more stable region.

Q3. How long the conflict…. [read more]

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