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New York City: An Examination Term Paper

… Community is situated above public administration and lying between the two of these is that of placemaking and place management. The placemaking governance model is characterized by the following: (1) leadership at all levels; (2) leaders and facilitators, educators and inspirations; (3) goals that are broad; (4) a process that is agile; (5) shared vision; (6) political capital; (7) bold change; (8) taking risks; (9) lighter, quicker, cheaper; and (10) building partners and capacity. (Kent, 2013, p.1) The placemaking governance structural model is shown in the following illustration.

Figure 2

Source: (Kent, 2013, p.1)

The phases involved in the developmental evolution of placemaking governance are shown in the following illustration.

Figure 3

Source: (Kent, 2013, p.1)

When power and responsibility are shifted to the community…. [read more]

New York State Department Capstone Project

… Good behavior was not the end result of his efforts and criminals kept committing crimes once they were released. The obstacle became providing adequate supervision and consequences once criminals were released.

By 1913, the re-offense rate increased and it became apparent, supervision of released offenders as well as inmates residing in correctional facilities had to be implemented. Actions were granted for officials to keep offenders from reoffending, but resources were unable to keep up with the demand. As will be discussed in the upcoming literature review, mental illness appears to correlate with increased criminal activity. During the Great Depression of the United States, there was a sharp increase in prison populations.

The increase was due in part to the lack of jobs and desperate conditions…. [read more]

New York State Police Term Paper

… New York State Police: An Overview

The official history of the New York State Police traces back to 1917. It is difficult to believe, but well into the 20th century New York State had no unified state police force. It was not until 1913, when the murderer of a construction foreman named Sam Howell in then quite rural Westchester County escaped without consequence that a call to form such a force began. Sam Howell's employer began the drive to create a movement to form a New York State Police, specifically to provide police protection to rural areas. The local police knew the whereabouts of the murderers of Howell, but were too afraid to apprehend them ("NYSP Division of Police: History," NYSP, 2008).

The first state…. [read more]

New York Public Sector Vocational Rehabilitation Agencies Term Paper

… New York Public Sector Vocational Rehabilitation Agencies

The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the New York State Public Sector Vocational Rehabilitation Agenices, the Commission for the Blind and the Visually Handicapped (CBVH) and Vocational and Educational Services for Individuals with Disabilities (VESID). The function and stages in the process of these agencies is reviewed and comparisions are made. Information from eight sources were referenced and help to show that although both agencies help people rehabilitate, they have their own ways of running their programs and their own goals to establish further progress for the future.

New York Public Sector Vocational Rehabilitation Agencies

Vocational rehabilitation (VR) is a set of services offered to individuals with mental or physical disabilities. These services…. [read more]

Augustine City of God Research Proposal

… City of God Augustine

Though the context of the "church father" Augustus is historically associated with his life and times, 354-430, his influence was not significant until later. This observation is true of all his works, as one by one they were adopted as secondary doctrine to scripture but mores specifically the City of God, where Augustine, among other things, demonstrates further proofs of his many discourses on sin and having a personal relationship with God. The ideas that are developed through the City of God are continuations of ideas that had challenged Augustine as a very human member of the world, having taken many false paths and lived a life altogether unholy. The work applies his own experiences and those of others as sinners…. [read more]

Law Enforcement Patrolling Kansas City Term Paper

… While there are parallels to the Kansas City experiment, the initiative seeks to draw on best practices from Los Angeles, New York, Chicago, San Jose, and Harlem (City of Oakland, 2012, p. 2).

Success of the Oakland initiative will rest upon demonstrable quantifiable and qualitative results. A successful program of concentrated patrolling must reduce the instances of gun crimes, or the appropriately targeted issue, but foster better relations with the residents of the community, if the issues of the Kerner Commission Report are to be mitigated. Statistical success is only one component of police duties, that of crime fighting, but it is the law enforcement aspect that builds strong communities.

New Orleans and Ft. Lauderdale Police Force

The New Orleans police force is a storied…. [read more]

Demand and Supply of NYC Taxis Term Paper

… ¶ … New York City, New York, perhaps one of the first things to come to mind is the 'yellow cab'. New York City (NYC) taxis are a staple of comedy, and an iconic image of the city, complete with the stereotypical grouchy taxi driver. Surprisingly, however, there are those who suggest that NYC does not have enough taxis for the burgeoning population and its demands for instant transportation regardless of the weather. The following report will consider why that might be the case, examining factors such as supply and demand, pricing, regulation, and the competitive market, as well as other factors such as taxes and their impact, along with supporting data. The consequences of both the NYC 'medallion system' as well as a recent…. [read more]

New Haven Firefighters the Supreme Article Review

… The New York Times gives 2000 census data which shows that New Haven's population if 43% white and 37% black: in other words, these two communities are of roughly similar size, but do not participate equally in the city's civic or economic life. The Times quotes an additional statistic that while one in three entry-level firefighters in New Haven were African-American, blacks represented only 15% of the managerial positions. From the standpoint of DeStefano, a diverse workforce would be a positive goal for the city to achieve, lest an overly white firefighting brass alienate the city's African-American community: certainly the ability to fight fires is a skill which knows no racial designations, but the promotion of a managerial class within public service is, in itself,…. [read more]

Cities There Must Be Few Term Paper

… The ugliest sides of commerce from those "dark, Satanic mills to maquilas," as Pena explores in his second chapter, are often hidden away out of sight of the residents of cities, who are thus able to enjoy cheap clothing, cheaper plastic geegaws and even cheap "expensive" goods such as cars because of the labor of those who are hidden from view. Pena argues that since at least the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution and perhaps even since urbanization itself such slums (whether in the city itself or at a remove) have been a necessary effect of "progress." Cities demand zones of exploitation (Pena 135-6).

Foster's argument does not contradict that of Resnick, Pena and Brechin, but it does extend it. One of Foster's key points…. [read more]

Difference Between New Historists' Viewpoints on Renaissance Drama and Cultural Materialists Term Paper

… ¶ … New Historicists' Viewpoints on Renaissance Drama and Cultural Materialists' Viewpoints

In recent years, two related and overlapping schools of literary theory have emerged that have offered competing responses to the relationship between Renaissance drama and the political power of Tudor and Stuart Britain (Mcguire 443). On the one hand, where new historicists have tended to see plays of the period reinforcing the prevailing ideology of the early modern court, civic authorities, church and government, on the other hand, the mostly British cultural materialists have used the same plays to identify various forms of political and cultural subversion against these forces. To determine the differences in these perspectives, this paper provides an analysis of Shakespeare's "The Comedy of Errors," Ben Jonson's "The Alchemist," Thomas…. [read more]

Terrorism Final Examination Questions Essay

… Question 3

Why do some terrorist groups use suicide bombing as a strategy? Please include at least three reasons in your answer.

Terrorist groups use suicide bombing as a strategy is because suicide bombs are dramatic public displays of violence often taking place in sensitive areas. Consider suicide bombings in Israel, Palestine, and other areas in what is referred to in the west as the Middle East. The bombings are on public transportation and even school buses. The bombings take place in marketplaces or in other areas where there are high concentrations of civilians as well as military personnel. The targets of suicide bombings are mainly average civilians because their deaths instill the most tragedy and provide the maximum dramatic impact. Shafiq and Sinno state:…. [read more]

Mcveigh (Oklahoma City Bomber) Terms Essay

… During physical testing for this division, "McVeigh was unable to endure a 90-minute march with a 45-pound pack," which led to his early withdrawal from the program (No author, 2001). However, this physical limitation is widely attributed to the fact that due to his involvement in the Persian Gulf War, he was not able to suitably train for this program.

Axis IV of the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual concerns environmental aspects that t may have affected behavior that is considered abnormal. After McVeigh's parents divorced, he lived with his father in an environment where he did not have access to a strong maternal figure. Such an environment could have contributed to McVeigh's perception of and difficulty interacting with women throughout his remaining life. Reports of…. [read more]

Historical Novel in Victorian Literature Term Paper

… ¶ … Tale of Two Cities is long-lasting evidence to the best, and an intense analysis of the worst of human nature. Charles Dickens set out to make the French Revolution live in the minds and hearts of the reader. Human suffering is not the only problem that faced the French people in the 18th Century. With all the injustices and poverty highlighted, A Tale of two Cities is a journeying of situations that will go on just as long as inequity and violence continue to flourish. However, while the novel is a social critique, it is also an examination of the restraints of human injustice where innocent people are killed and imprisoned. In this regard, this paper highlights social upheaval and restoration of social…. [read more]

Samsung Electronics Examination and Evaluation Essay

… The consequence was a growing loss of confidence and the rejection of the national currency, making it easier for the distributive conflict to result in price increases.

Within this context, one finds an explanation to such questions as Why did Brazilian firms grant nominal wage increases with little impact on employment levels? Why did Brazilian consumers accept price increases without significantly diminishing their purchases? In other words, why did the market sanction these price increases, allowing the distributive pressures to manifest themselves through inflation? The answer is that all firms know that they can pass on increases in the prices they pay for inputs to their customers, since the latter prefer to keep buying more expensive products than to hold on to currency, whose value,…. [read more]

Eminem Safe? An Examination of a Folk Term Paper

… ¶ … Eminem Safe? An Examination of a Folk Devil and Moral Panics

Today's pop culture is more heavily based on music than ever before in history. The advent of music videos and the Internet has made music one of the most prevalent features in society. Today's youth are especially affected by the "fast-paced-MTV-sound-byte-information-glutted age that is at the center of the increasingly homogenized post-modernization process" (Halifu). One of the most omnipresent genres of music today is hip hop.

No longer simply an underground form of urban music, hip hop today is utterly pervasive, in the global youth community. What began as a means of expression for the disenfranchised Blacks of the South Bronx area has evolved into a multi-billion dollar industry that influences every…. [read more]

African-American Women in New York Term Paper

… S. population but accounted for 39.7% of all cases (368,169 of 928,188) reported through 2003" (p. 1884).Through statistical research, Buchanan and Hatcher (2007) reported "during 2005, about1.1 million Americans were living with HIV; about half of the new HIV or AIDS diagnoses occurred among African-American individuals during 2004, whereas 18%occurred among Hispanic individuals and 30% among European-American individuals."(p. 2013)

Out of the women living in the United States, two out of three women living with HIV / AIDS during 2004 were African-American, with another 15% being Hispanic (Buchanan & Hatcher, 2007). "For African-American women, the result has been devastating, according to the founding president and CEO of the National Black Leadership Commission on AIDS" (Fears, 2005, p. A01). In 2003, the rate of new AIDS…. [read more]

Bicycle Intervention Bicycle Messengers Research Paper

… d.).

This intervention is especially well suited to the context not only for the purely contextual reasons cited above, but also due to the specific elements of the intervention itself. As an already-densely packed city with little room for street widening or taking over traffic lanes to dedicate to bicycle lanes, New York City is the perfect place to implement this intervention by designing a specific network of bicycle lanes on limited arterial streets, attempting to alleviate traffic issues and increase the use of bicycles as transportation and in courier services through selective and limited bicycle lane use. Current debates about the geographies of space and the cultural significance of movement in urban areas and modern culture also add to the relevance of this intervention…. [read more]

Klein and the Educational System Essay

… This group should be chucked off the payroll since they contribute little to the development of the education department. The excess money availed by their retrenchment should be ploughed back to the education department, to sustain other reform plans. In order to reduce the cost of education, Klein should postpone the rubber rooms' idea for the moment until funds become available for the execution of the program.

Question 6

Klein has shown some exemplary performance in several occasions. He was focused on putting in place numerous innovation initiatives. His team took the brutal duty of upgrading individual schools in the area. Apparently, when the authorities attempted to close a school following dismal performance and poor infrastructure, parents in the neighborhood of the school would come…. [read more]

American Moderns: Fashioning a New Term Paper

… These are human feelings happening in Whinesburg as they happen across the country. This story of her being aggressive and approaching him with the idea of romance just goes to show that even in a small town, there are smart, strong women who are not afraid to go after what they want in life. The feminist pillar counter-culture is present in the conservative culture. Really what this displays is that there is not any counter culture in America, just culture defined by people willing and wanting what they value most, love.


This paper asked one to examine the specific period of time after the Civil War and how the men and women born of these decades until the First World War created a new…. [read more]

New York City Multicultural Education Term Paper

… 0

V. Reducing Racism, Prejudice and other Fear and Ignorance Factors:

Evident in the patterns of unemployment, imprisonment, poor health care and educational failures which shows evidence in high number of people of color that are affected by these elements, is racism and discrimination in society. There are laws in existence that prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, color, gender, age, and creed, however society continues to be plagued by these elements and the attitudes and behaviors which are disrespectful and derogatory to some groups and individuals. Constantly there are events that contain elements of racial hatred reported in the news and the absence of representatives of the minority race an cultures is readily evident among many sectors of society in terms of leadership…. [read more]

Department Management Dear City Council President Essay

… Department Management

Dear City Council President,

As with all departments of the City of Lowell, the minimum 10% reduction from the previous year's budget will force: difficult choices and tough decisions to accommodate the city council's recommended cuts. In case of the police department, we will work as diligently as possible areas to provide the same great services to the community as in the past (even with a 10% budget reduction). as, less staff (both in administration as well as police officers) indicates more responsibility of work. Where, only mandatory training is approved and additional cost-cutting will be detailed further in this memo.

The Lowell Police Department understands the severity of the budget and that this is only one of many departments in with the…. [read more]

Soviet Union and the New Russia Research Paper

… Soviet Union and the New Russia as a U.S. Security Threat

At the end of World War II, roughly Summer 1945, Europe was in shambles. Millions had been killed, many of the governments so disenfranchised that they had to be rebuilt. The infrastructure in most of Europe was in shambles, but unlike the situation after World War II, the United States found a new determination in President Truman and his staff. Because they wanted to build up a democratic Europe, aid was put into place (the Marshall Plan) to help restore Europe to hegemony and self-sufficiency. However, because Europe was in such turmoil and there was somewhat of a power vacuum that France, England, the United States, and of course, the Soviet Union, wished to…. [read more]

Designing a New Regulatory Framework for Telecommunications Interception and Access in Jordan Multiple Chapters

… Designing a New Regulatory Framework (Interception and Access) for Jordan

This chapter provides an overview of the telecommunication interception and access laws in the United States of America (U.S.) and the United Kingdom (U.K), as prime examples of developed telecommunications regulatory frameworks that, to some extent, can provide useful in-practice case studies in refining a regulatory regime for Jordan.

"Interception" is the electronic surveillance of private telecommunication transmissions in real time. Also commonly referred to as "wiretapping," (because historically the practice required the placing of a "tap" on a phone line), interception involves the use of a device or technology used to listen to live person-to-person communications such as land-line telephone calls, internet conversations, or conversations via wireless phone networks, as they occur. The parties…. [read more]

Attendance Initiative: Brooklyn NY City Schools Essay

… Brooklyn, New York Public Schools: Attendance Reward Initiative

Activity Description and Summary

This program involves purchases of trophies for use with student attendance which is awarded to the classes with the highest attendance percentage for each month in grades Pre-K through 8th grade. Three businesses/vendors bid on the provision of trophies and that with the best price chosen. The company named Crown Trophy was chosen for the purchase of the trophies. The price for the trophies were $6.95 each totaling $104.25 with an added $10.00 for shipping totaling $114.25.

Program Outcome Rationale

The rationale for this program is the increasing of levels of attendance in Pre-K through 8th grades in Brooklyn, New York public schools. This initiative is such that motivates entire classes to improve…. [read more]

Oppel, Kenneth. Silverwing. New York: Simon Annotated Bibliography

… ¶ … Oppel, Kenneth. Silverwing. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997.

ISBN: 0689815298 9780689815294, elementary school and junior high readers, fantasy/fiction. First in an ongoing and long-running series; accommodating but not overwhelming praise.

The first in a long series, this book recounts the tale of a young bat who has been separated from his colony and must find them not only to be reunited with them, but also to warn them of impending evil and destruction. A fantasy story that also serves as a coming of age tale and an adventure story, aiming to satisfy young readers' moralistic and story telling expectations, this book succeeds on these levels without propelling the tale further into the canon of a more lasting literary work. The cliff hangers…. [read more]

Americans, Then You Certainly Love Term Paper

… Have you ever wondered why news program are interrupted by some many commercials. This question is likely to open a Pandora's box as various studies has proved that the only reason local news bulletin are so full of crime and violence stories is because it is the adherence to the adage 'if it bleeds it leads' that helps them attract advertisers. Advertisements are their main source of revenues and to maximize revenues, they need to have a higher viewer-ship rating. For higher ratings however, they cannot afford to follow content-restriction policies of national news networks and thus sensationalize every piece of information they receive. According to the documentary, "Documentary blisters film and television news," by Boedeker (1997): "the boom in repetitive, crime-ridden reports results because…. [read more]

America S. Promise to Immigrants Essay

… America S. Promise to Immigrants

The history of America has been the history of the mixing of peoples from different parts of the world. Despite the fact that America promises these immigrants a brand-new culture in the face of ethnic and racial diversity which is more than ever a salient fact today, there are still manifestations of the culture. The two components work together for the sustainability of the ever changing culture.

America is composed of people of different origins who speak different languages with different background cultures all living together under a unified political sovereignty. Compared to other nations of the world that are witnessing heightened ethnic, racial, ideological and religious conflict, which are the most explosive problem of the modern times, American has…. [read more]

Dream ACT's Newest Proposal Research Paper

… S. An individual cannot qualify if he or she is ineligible for immigration relief on criminal or national security grounds" (Durbin 4).

Throughout its legislative history, the various permutations of the DREAM Act have received widespread bipartisan support in the U.S. Congress as well as from the general public. In this regard, the U.S. Senate had approved a previous version of the DREAM Act with a majority of 55 senators and the results of a survey of showed 70% of the American public approves of the DREAM Act (Durbin 4). This broad-based advocacy is reinforced by additional support from labor, business, education, civil rights and religious groups, including the AFL-CIO, the National PTA, the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, the U.S. Conference of Mayors, the…. [read more]

Conquest of New Spain Term Paper

… Conquest of New Spain

Castillo, Bernal Diaz del. The Conquest of New Spain. Translated and Introduction by John M. Cohen. New York: Penguin Classics, 1963.

Immediately upon reading the title of Bernal Diaz del Castillo's the Conquest of New Spain a critical reader bridles at the title, and expects an imperialistic history. After all, to our postmodern, politically correct ears, Mexico is not 'new Spain,' but an independent nation. When one hears that Diaz del Castillo's account is a 16th century memoir of one of the soldiers who accompanied the conqueror and, in today's view, the modern imperialist, Cortes to the New World of Central America, the reader grows even more suspicious. However, although the author's biases must be acknowledged, this is still an important…. [read more]

Police HR Comparison Hazlet Township Essay

… Individuals wishing to pursue a career with our Police Department must obtain a test application through the NJ Department of Personnel. Further information may be obtained at


Middletown also does not have an official website despite the fact that it is the largest municipal force in Monmouth County. No employment information was found.


The NYC police department provides a comprehensive website that details their entire hiring process. The first step is the applicant processing division. If the candidate fills out the application with this department this there will be a medical exam and a character prescreening. If the candidate passes these hurdles then there will be a more comprehensive character investigation performed in which the department will investigate each person's…. [read more]

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