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Nightingales Realist Philosophy of Science, Sam Porter Term Paper

… Nightingales realist philosophy of science," Sam Porter discusses the philosophy of science of Florence Nightingale, in terms of her adherence to positivism and scientism, determinism, naturalism, and epistemological absolutism (2001). Porter concludes Nightingale's views, while stemming from the positivist tradition, did not adhere solely to those principles (2001). This paper will examine Porter's analysis of Nightingale's philosophy, and will discuss each issue in relation to modern nursing practice.

In order to analyze Porter's arguments, it is important to understand the term 'positivism.' Positivism, developed by Auguste Comte, is a system of philosophy based on the concept that only true and reliable knowledge is scientific knowledge. This knowledge, according to true positivists, is gained only through methodical observation of external phenomena and causal relationships (Porter, 2001).…. [read more]

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