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Nixon and the Legacy Essay

… The investigation revealed accounts of rape, the cutting off of human ears and heads, the tapping of wires from portable telephones to human genitals and then powered, as well as civilians shot as randomly, razed villages, cattle and dogs shot for fun, and poisoned food stocks.

Kerry also testified that there was nothing in South Vietnam that realistically threatened the security of the United States and any effort to justify the loss of one American life in Vietnam, Cambodia, or Laos by linking such loss to the preservation of freedom is the height of criminal hypocrisy.

Kerry characterized the conflict as a civil war by a people who were seeking liberation from any colonial influence. The Vietnamese people were reluctant to engage in combat against…. [read more]

Nixon's Policy Toward the U.S.S.R Term Paper

… Nixon's policy toward the U.S.S.R. is known as detente and was strongly influenced by the pressing need to end the conflict in Vietnam, which had been lingering for years and through several of his predecessors' administrations. With his national security adviser Henry Kissinger, Nixon helped formulate a truce-like foreign policy with the Soviet Union. Detente involved historic meetings in Moscow with Soviet leaders like General Secretary Brezhnev: the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT). Central to SALT was the issue of nuclear arms. Serving at the height of the Cold War, Nixon helped ease tensions between the two superpowers and thus set the stage for a global balance of power. His foreign policy was predicated on maintaining stability and balance rather than achieving strategic objectives.

In…. [read more]

Richard Nixon Achievements Essay

… Moreover, the humiliating scandal altered American politics' nature when a good number of Republicans were eliminated and doors were opened for the Neo-Rights. Nevertheless, it is really important for the American nation to realize and admire the competence and the achievements of Richard Nixon and also the potential of his presidency. Though it is crystal clear that the passage of time will never be able to vanish the imperfections, the displeasure and the scars brought by the Watergate scandal; it is also extremely important to acknowledge the magnitude of Nixon's contributions for the betterment of the United States of America.


Collins, M. (2000, November 30). Personality and Political Leadership Explored: Richard Nixon and the Family Assistance Plan. Virginia Tech. Retrieved January 21, 2013, from…. [read more]

Nixon's "The Great Silent Majority" on November Term Paper

… Nixon's "The Great Silent Majority"

On November 3, 1969, then President Richard Nixon gave one of his most infamous speeches as a response to the growing uproar about America's involvement in Vietnam. Much to the dismay of voters and soldiers everywhere, Nixon had not made good on his promises to end the war which he had made during his campaign (Center for History and New Media, 2008). Therefore, his speech bon that night became both a rallying point for his own agenda within the scope of the Vietnam War, as well as a defensive speech against the idea that his promise to end the war was simply a ploy to win the election.

So on November 3, 1969, Nixon addressed the entire nation through a…. [read more]

Nixon's Speech This Is a Red Herring Essay

… Nixon's Speech

This is a red herring, otherwise known as "ignoratio elenchi." The following paragraph has nothing to do with Nixon's having or having not committed deception.

This red herring can be seen in several places: the first where Nixon extolls the office of the Presidency and says that people need to have confidence in the President since he is holding such high office:

To me the office of the Vice Presidency of the United States is a great office and I feel that the people have got to have confidence in the integrity of the men who run for that office and who might obtain it

(this in itself being irrelevent since the character of the man has nothing to do with his position).…. [read more]

Nixon Most Americans Know Term Paper

… Many of Nixon's administration were forced to resign and over time and more investigation these politically powerful individuals were later convicted of offenses that were connected with dumb attempts to cover up the break-in. Richard Nixon strongly denied any involvement in the break-in and more important, the cover-ups. But, the courts were tenacious and eventually forced him to produce tape recordings that tied him to all of the illegal activities he staunchly denied. It certainly did not help the Nixon Administration when in 1973 a totally unrelated scandal forced then Vice President Spiro T. Agnew to resign. Everything seemed to be against Nixon. He was labeled a crook and looked as though he was going to be impeached as the evidence was too overwhelming.

Because…. [read more]

Nixon Before the Presidency Military Research Paper

… To appease women, he made no public opposition to Roe v. Wade (Wicker). The Southern strategy was to appeal to the antipathy to black protests and the fight for civil rights.

Finally, Nixon broke the law when it came time for the 1972 election. Nixon violated the constitution in the Watergate scandal by accepting illegal campaign funds, sabotaging Democratic candidates, and trying to illegally silence anyone who criticized the Vietnam War (Roark). He had his reelection campaign workers break into the Democratic Party headquarters in order to spy on his political opposition George McGovern and then tried to cover up the link between the thieves and the White House. In addition to this, Nixon used the power of the White House to intimidate enemies both…. [read more]

Foreign Policy Nixon's Detente Description Term Paper

… .

President Ronald Reagan declared that the Soviet Union had violated the treaty.

Foreign Policy

The treaty was consistent with United States' policy to slow down the arms' race.

Event Resolved?

SALT II was not ratified due to a shift in United States' policy under President Reagan and the Soviet Union's lack of desire to abide by the treaty.

Rate the event:. 2. Increased Tensions. 4

Soviet Invasion and War in Afghanistan


The war took place between 1979-89 in Afghanistan. In 1978 a coup brought in a new Communist government. In 1979 another coup brought in another leader, which caused the Soviet Union to invade and install Hafizullah Amin in December 1979. The Soviets put in Babrak Karmal as president and eventually brought in…. [read more]

Richard Nixon and the Watergate Scandal Research Paper

… Nixon and Watergate

It was the Presidential Crisis of Richard Nixon, though, that seemed to shape the way the world viewed America in the 1970s. The so-called "Watergate Affair" encompassed a number of secret, and illegal, activities sanctioned by President Nixon or his aids. In brief, Nixon hired some underlings to break into the Democratic Party Headquarters (The Watergate Hotel) on June 17, 1972. They were tasked to gather secret information to be used against the Democrats in the upcoming election. Watergate, however, simply became a symbol of the numerous scandals that were uncovered by reporters from the Washington Post and elsewhere. Nixon, of course, downplayed the scandal, but when tapes of conversations were found, it became clear that Nixon himself had accepted illegal campaign…. [read more]

U.S. Foreign Policy in Southern Africa Term Paper

… ¶ … U.S. Foreign Policy in southern Africa

The United States' foreign policy towards Southern Africa has long couched between the Cold War paradigm and hasty decisions of self-service. In his treatise on the American treatment of Africa's southern region, Helen Purkitt aptly described the "tilt" towards South Africa that started in the 1970s and continued later under the Reagan regime. "The characteristic decision-making process toward the region was aptly summarized," she wrote, "in the comprehensive policy review on U.S. foreign policy initiated by Kissinger during the early Nixon administration as being ad hoc and based on momentary costs and benefits." The most nascent interactions between the Southern African states and the United States were limned by the American philosophy so wed to the status…. [read more]

Visit the Nixon or Reagan Presidential Libraries Essay

… Nixon Library

Perspectives on the Nixon Library

Having recently visited the Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum and experienced its many exhibits and interactive displays, the prevailing thought of how the current political dynamics of the Untied States have become far more complex, challenging, and global was clear. While Nixon was one of the first U.S. Presidents to extend diplomatic ties with China and strive to overcome differences between democracy and communism, today the U.S. is more dependent than ever on China as a global manufacturing partner. There was also the heavy emphasis on democracy spreading to East Germany graphically illustrated by the Berlin Wall Freedom Presentation, a powerful symbol of Soviet domination ending in the German republic. The Area 37 exhibit thoroughly explains the…. [read more]

Nixon Reconsidered by Joan Hoff Term Paper

… ¶ … Nixon Reconsidered by Joan Hoff. Specifically, it will contain an analysis of the book. It took author Joan Hoff ten years to write this book about former President Richard M. Nixon. Her thesis for writing this book is simple, and she notes it on the first page of the book. She writes, "It is time to look coldly at the five and a half years of Nixon's administration, to determine how they might have been written about if Watergate had not dominated our interpretation of the man since 1974, and to suggest how he will be interpreted in the textbooks of the next century" (Hoff 1). Thus, Hoff wants to consider the man, the president, and his life other than Watergate, which of…. [read more]

1972 Watergate Break in Nixon Essay

… 135). Archibald Cox wrote to Nixon, asking him to surrender the said tapes and all recordings in his possession. Nixon, in defiance, wrote back arguing that the tapes only contained the most confidential information that he shared with his top aides, and that they therefore had nothing to do with Watergate. Klein (2008) notes that Nixon was once quoted in a press briefing as having said, "this kind of activity has no place in our governmental process and the White House therefore has no involvement whatsoever in this particular incident" (p.121). According to Kutler (2010), despite Nixon's lawyer's argument that "one of the subpoenaed tapes had national security material, 'so highly sensitive'"(p.135), the president's request got turned down by Judge Sirica - the presiding judge…. [read more]

Nixon Administration Term Paper

… Richard Nixon's Administration And The Watergate Scandal: Threats To American Governance In The Midst Of The Cold War

Well-known for his involvement in the Watergate Scandal and the resulting resignation from his post as President of the United States, Richard Nixon's term as president was filled with controversy and conflict. This character of Nixon's presidency can be attributed to the fact that during his term, Cold War has escalated to high levels in the Asian region, specifically on the American intervention and involvement in the ongoing Vietnam War. In the midst of this participation in this one aspect of the war, Nixon also faced charges against him, wherein he was accused of tax evasion and political espionage, among others.

This turn of events surrounding Nixon's…. [read more]

Foreign Policy of China (Beijing Thesis

… But just as China (Beijing consensus)'s economic and military power does not yet match that of the United States, China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power still has a long way to go as demonstrated by a Chicago Council on Global Affairs poll. China (Beijing consensus) does not have cultural industries like Hollywood, and its universities are not yet the equal of the United States. It lacks the many non-governmental organizations that generate much of U.S. soft power. Politically, China (Beijing consensus) suffers from corruption, inequality, and a lack of democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. While that may make the "Beijing consensus" attractive in authoritarian and semi-authoritarian developing countries, it undercuts China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power in the West. Although China (Beijing consensus)'s new…. [read more]

Remembering the U.S.A. and USSR Term Paper

… By openly touting American achievements in the realm of household technology -- while subtly taunting the communist economic engine's allegedly substandard treatment of women -- Nixon challenges his rival by suggesting that Russian visitors to the exhibition will invariably become enamored with the American ideals of comfort and convenience.

Considering the rhetorical strategies being pursued by both the American and Russian governments at this time -- in which each nation aggressively defended the virtues of either capitalism or communism, largely in an effort to justify further imperialistic expansion -- the tone of Nixon's comments while visiting Moscow is understandable. An increasingly defiant Khrushchev references his most audacious Soviet policy ambitions, "his Seven-Year Plan for economic development & #8230; introduced in 1958 in the midst of…. [read more]

Under Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy Term Paper

… S.S.R., which cooled down the Cold War temperature somewhat. President Johnson, though bogged down by the escalating Vietnam War, sought to improve relations with the Soviet Union and managed to attain its co-operation in containing the 1967 Arab-Israeli War. Finally, Nixon pursued a policy of detente (based on "realist" rather than "moral" principles) in the 1970s and developed more cordial relations with the Soviet Union. This resulted in signing of important anti-ballistic missile (ABM) and SALT treaties between the two super-powers and lowered the Cold War tensions.

As we saw in this essay, the relations between the U.S. And the U.S.S.R. were by no means static in the post World War II period until the mid-seventies. Although involved in an intense ideological struggle during the…. [read more]

European Security and Defense Policy Term Paper

… Possessing the most advanced technology was tantamount to being the lead nation. According to this line of thought, the United States of America controlled NATO, and played a leading role in European affairs by virtue of her technological preeminence. This technological preeminence was something that had to be preserved at all costs, for without it, America would be forced to give way. In the "alliance of equals," that was NATO during the Cold War; no nation could be permitted to hold a rank as "equal" as that of the United States. A classic example of this mindset is to be found in the following anecdote, from the pen of an eyewitness:

prime example of [this] behavior in my personal experience was U.S. reluctance to tell…. [read more]

Richard Nixon -1994) Term Paper

… S. forces Nixon accelerated the training of their forces. In 1970 under the pretext of protecting U.S. interests Nixon declared a joint U.S. - South Vietnam attack on Cambodia. His opponents at home blamed Nixon of unnecessarily expanding the war. As a result the congress passed a bill barring president from sending further troops to Laos and Cambodia. U.S. forces again bombed Cambodia 1n the beginning of 1970. When criticized at home Nixon said the attack was requested by Prince Norodom Sihanouk, which was later denied by Sihanouk. The continued U.S. Military pressure over Vietnam and active diplomacy through Henry Kissinger a mutual will for cease-fire and peace was unfolded which finally resulted in a cease-fire on 28 Jan 1973. After this ceasefire all American…. [read more]

Foreign Relations of U.S Essay

… Foreign Relations of the U.S.

This is a guideline and template. Please do not use as a final turn-in paper.

What were the initial aims, scope and means of the containment policy? How and why did strategy of containment evolve over time from Truman to Reagan? What were its major strengths and flaws?

George Kennan, President Truman's Director of the Policy Planning Staff, created the doctrine we know as "containment." It was meant, at the time, to contain the advance of the U.S.S.R. And communism to other areas of the world. His idea was that the U.S. should utilize patience, firmness, and counter-force only when necessary to ensure that communism did not spread to other countries and continents. He thought that this policy, over time,…. [read more]

Cold War Truman 1945-1953 Essay

… It also supported the "quarantine the aggressor" policy Franklin Delano Roosevelt wanted to inflict to hold German and Japanese growth in 1937. This policy (quarantine) recommended the responsibility of public health officials managing a communicable disease. The medical figure of speech widened further than the instantaneous purposes of the Truman Doctrine in the sense that the metaphors put together with fire as well as flood descriptions evocative of disaster presented the United States with an unproblematic changeover to express military confrontation in coming years with communist forces in Korea and Vietnam. By availing ideological disparities in life or death conditions, Truman was in a position to drum up support for this communism controlling policy (Denise M. Bostdorff, 2008)

Among the downfalls of Truman lies the…. [read more]

Sleeping Giant Awakens China Research Paper

… Sleeping Giant Awakens

China, known as the "sleeping giant," has transformed itself from a rural, pre-industrial society to an economic and political powerhouse in just a few decades. Since 1949, through the Great Patriotic Revolution led by Mao Tse-Tung, China has literally moved from a feudal economic system to one of the world's fastest growing economies in the global environment. How did China accomplish this herculean task? What were the political and social consequences of such rapid movement? How is China now poised to become what some see as the "next global super-power"? Finally, how does traditional Chinese culture translate into modern geopolitical thought, allowing China both a link to its past and a propellant to the future?

China is a huge nation that has…. [read more]

Cold War and the Policy Term Paper

… Thus detente was not taken up as a desirable foreign policy by any of the two governments of USSR and USA, but the policy was a suitable political strategy to be used within the countries. Detente also reached a peak during 1972-73 and then different agreements came up -- Agreement to limit strategic offensive nuclear launchers, the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and the framed rules as given in Basic Principles Agreement and the Agreement on the Prevention of Nuclear War.

Yet the opinions regarding detente were different between USA and USSR. The U.S. view was that detente was a method for the maintenance of American superiority for longer periods, while USSR viewed detente as a method to keep the competition in nuclear arms from increasing to…. [read more]

Richard M. Nixon: The Transformation Term Paper

… In his comments concerning his biography of Nixon, Roger Morris (1992) stated that "It is a truism in American political biography that we tend to give our presidents place and time. We make them native to the American soil in some way, whether it is Tidewater, Virginia, for Jefferson, or the dust of Abilene for Dwight Eisenhower, or Hyde Park for Franklin Roosevelt. We do that with some facility with perhaps one exception -- Richard Nixon" (in Friedman & Levantrosser 1992:238). According to Nixon biographers Rowland Evans, Jr. And Robert D. Novak (1972), Nixon was indeed an enigma that made placing Nixon squarely in place and time difficult. "For Nixon the politician, far more than Lyndon Johnson or John F. Kennedy or Dwight Eisenhower, concealed…. [read more]

Hunter S. Thompson and Richard Nixon Thesis

… Thompson Nixon

Hunter S. Thompson vs. Richard M. Nixon

The notion of journalism as a means to simply reporting information is a myth. Today especially, when access to information is the pathway to knowledge, the ability to withhold it represents a great and dangerous power. For nearly forty years, Hunter S. Thompson rebelled against and exploited this truth, using his seat as an influential journalist not just to observe realities but indeed, to apply a persuasive position on the subject. Perhaps this is most clearly evidenced in his literary treatment of one of history's most intriguing figure and, some might argue, Thompson's arch nemesis; Richard Nixon. The embattled, lambasted and loathed president would function as nothing short of a remarkable literary villain in a canon…. [read more]

Jimmy Carter's Foreign Policy Term Paper

… Even though his ideas and aims were good and his accomplishments were significant, what future governments, officials and presidents have to learn is that formation of an effective and efficient way to gather public opinion and create public relations is the only way to configure a successful foreign policy.


Andrew Z. Katz. (2000) Public Opinion and the Contradictions of Jimmy Carter's Foreign Policy. Presidential Studies Quarterly. 30: 4.

Brinkley, Douglas. (1996). The rising stock of Jimmy Carter: The "hands on" legacy of our thirty-ninth president. Diplomatic History 20:505-29.

Carter: 1980) America will meet Soviet challenge. 1980. Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, January 26, 171.

Hargrove, Erwin. (1988). Jimmy Carter as president: Leadership and the politics of the public good. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.…. [read more]

Foreign Policy Is One of Extreme Sensitivity Journal

… ¶ … foreign policy is one of extreme sensitivity especially for a country such as the United States that is the main actor of the international scene. The main role in the foreign policy of the U.S. is represented by the President; however, given the nature of the constitutional arrangements in the U.S., this role is always shared with the Congress. Julien Zelizer's book "Arsenal of Democracy" is a well documented account of the foreign policy of the U.S. since the end of the Second World War and how the role of the president and that of the Congress interlink in the establishment and conduct of the foreign policy perspective and management.

The book in itself is not necessarily a historical account of the events…. [read more]

One Historical Event Where U.S. Foreign Policy Was Deeply Engaged Term Paper

… ¶ … U.S. foreign policy was deeply engaged

The Iraq War is one of the most controversial conflicts performed by the U.S., given that the country's policy in regard to the war was at times confusing. While President George W. Bush constantly pressed his case urging his countrymen to join a presumably just cause, the general public slowly but surely started to disapprove of the war. U.S. citizens have engaged in debates on the topic of the war in Iraq for most of the George W. Bush administration and generated a series of political and idealistic convictions. It is uncertain whether or not the masses initially appreciated the actions initiated in March 20, 2003, but considering that the 2004 elections brought more votes for George…. [read more]

War on Drugs Four Decades Research Proposal

… 5% of young adults consume soft drugs once a month compared to countries such as the UK (13.8%), Germany (11.9%), Czech Republic (19,3%), Denmark (13,3%), Spain (18.8%), France (16,7%), Slovakia (14,7%) and Italy (20,9%) where a focus is placed on government intervention for societal purposes rather than on preventing harm (EMCDDA Annual Report, 2009). More significantly, few Dutch citizens (0.30%) become problematic substance abusers compared to the average (0.52%) of the above compared countries (ibid.). The reported number of deaths is the lowest in the EU, treatment demand is rising, and the Dutch government is able to provide approximately 90% of those seeking treatment with detoxification programs. Although legalization of cannabis remains controversial, by 2010 it was reported that heroin had disappeared from the Netherlands's…. [read more]

Richard Nixon and Al Capone Term Paper

… Capone Nixon

Richard Nixon vs. Al Capone -- Two lawbreakers, one of whom was an enforcer of the law

Although one man became president of the United States and the other man became one of the world's leading criminal masterminds, both Richard Nixon and Al Capone share certain striking features in their personal psychology and methods of deploying their political power. Richard Nixon was born to a relatively poor Quaker family in California. Al Capone was an Italian-American working class boy. Both began their future professions relatively early in life. Capone was a member of boy gangs, Nixon was a brilliant law student, and was elected to congress in 1947. Both men had intense inferiority complexes, merged with a determination to better their lots in…. [read more]

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