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Child Poverty Effects Crime Rates Capstone Project

… This fierce competition within the industry requires the professionals to be more skillful and competent than ever. In this race, the people with the lowest income group fall behind other because they did not got the opportunity to attain education with facilities that can enhance their skills and talents. In fact, these people have been deprived with the basic educational facilities at many instances. This lack of educational attainment causes them to stand in the last position in the job market. Adverse consequences of it create anger and frustration, which promotes them to be engaged in activities that are considered offensive and criminal (Maynard & Feldman, 2011).

Empirical studies have concluded the fact that young adults and teens who belonged to the family of unemployed…. [read more]


No Child Left Behind Act- NCLB Term Paper

… No Child Left behind Act- NCLB was formerly known as the Elementary and Secondary Education Act - ESEA which was enacted during 1965. Accented to by President Lyndon Johnson, the ESEA supplied monetary grants to the regional functionaries imparting education to fulfill the individual educational necessities of the educationally underprivileged children. Besides, it even gave resources for libraries, academic research and state education departments and projects. (Kafer, 2004) President George Bush in the January 2002 approved a broad amendment of the Elementary and Secondary Act of 1965.

Widely recognized as the No Child Left behind Act - NCLB Act and ratified with overwhelming backup of the two parties in Congress, this latest Act guarantees a vital departure in endeavors at each stage to enhance the…. [read more]


Child Welfare Biased in System Term Paper

… Child Welfare Biased in System

Info: "some legal scholars and civil rights activists have raised the challenge that child welfare in the U.S. is biased. they argue that states act against low-income families, particularly single mothers and families of color, far more than middle or upper income families. state child protective service administrators argue that they have explicit criteria to determine child abuse or neglect and caseworkers apply those evenly, case by case. their imperative they point out, is to keep children safe without regard to any other factor" my argument is that children of single mothers suffer more in the system because being a single mother and on welfare has a stigma in society that the government is unwilling to address. that these women…. [read more]


Child Abuse in England Initial Term Paper

… She needs to be told that Dennis is at the center of her life, which should not be the case. She should understand that she is merely replacing her vacant father image with Dennis, and that Dennis' closeness to Clara does not mean that Clara is more loved. She should be made to focus on the irrationality of the jealousy and the harm it causes everyone, yet she can do something about it. Instead, she should focus on reducing the distance between Dennis and Anthony by trying to empathize with both of them as far as she can learn to.

Dennis must also be spoken to, heart-to-heart. He may be aware of Christine's past, but he should be made to understand that merely living with…. [read more]


Children: Exposure to Violence Research Paper

… Michael Breen an attorney in the case against Michael Carneal stated in court; 'Michael Carneal clipped off nine shots in a 10-second period. Eight of those shots were hits. Three were head and neck shots and were kills. That is way beyond the military standard for expert marksmanship. This was a kid who had never fired a pistol in his life, but because of his obsession with computer games he had turned himself into an expert marksman' (Ivory, 2003), (Hanson, 1999, p. 15)" (Tompkins, 2003). It's crucial to note that Carneal's engagement with violent video games was not the only reason why he ended up killing those innocent people. There are a range of other factors at work which led to his motivation to kill,…. [read more]


Children in Sports From a Biopsychosocial Perspective Book Review

… Children in Sports; From a Biopsychosocial Perspective

Children and Youth in Sport: a Biopsychosocial Perspective by Frank Smoll and Ronald E. Smith is a comprehensive sports psychology book that focuses on children and their participation in sports from a physical, psychological and social perspective. The authors discuss how there is a strong tendency in our society to view participation in sports in a most favorable light. Children are encouraged to participate in organized youth sports programs because these programs are thought to promote such fundamental values as character, teamwork, determination, and commitment. However, this bias toward regarding sports involvement in a positive manner can be troublesome if it blinds us to recognizing that problems exist.

In recent years we have come to realize that some…. [read more]


Rwanda and Child Soldering Research Paper

… The Rwandan Armed Forces are still recruiting the Rwandan children. According to a source there are about 14,000 to 18,000 children between the ages of 7 and 14 years which are recruited each year in the armed forces. This claim was called "ridiculous" by Rwandan representatives at the African Conference conducted on the utilization of Children as Soldiers. It is a known fact that children are a part of the Local Defense Units that have been operating throughout the country. Local civilians are known to be a part of these volunteer forces and it is believed that they are given very brief training, provided with fire arms and it is even said that at times they are hired forcefully (Straus, 2006).

Continuous reinforcements were sent…. [read more]


Foster Children Term Paper

… Another provision of the Adoption and Safe Families Act was designed to expedite adoption for children who could not safely be returned to their birth families. For children who spent 15 of the previous 22 months in foster care, and could not be returned to their families, before requesting determination of parental rights could be filed, and upon approval of the child would be placed for adoption (Homes, 2002).

The Act was added to help reform the foster care provisions of the social security act. The main goal was to keep children from spending too much time in foster care, and either return them to their biological families or find adoptive families in the quickest amount of time. Foster care is growing, since more children…. [read more]


Parental Involvement With Educating Children Essay

… al., 1999). There is a direct positive relationship between parental involvement and student motivation (Gonzalez-DeHass et. al, 2005).

Ways to Reinforce Learning

In the schools children are more conformed to formal learning; a teacher teaching the material. Parents can make learning fun and exciting for their children. Parents can reinforce Math lessons during dinner, where they count or measure. They can reinforce computer learning by playing games on the computer. Kindergartens learn to read, and there are many fun games parents can play with their children. There are fun websites such as www.starfall.com, where parents can teach their kids to read, do Math and many more leaning, which is fun and exciting for the children. "Trips to the zoo, park and museum give children the…. [read more]


Young Diverse Children Living Term Paper

… The Casey Foundation was formed based on the supposition that children "do best when their families do well, and families do better when they live in supportive neighborhoods." (AECF, 2004). Officially titled the Annie E. Casey Foundation, the community organization was founded to help disadvantaged children and their families realize better futures and better opportunities within the United States. The primary mission of the organization is to help foster "public policies, human service reforms, and community supports that more effectively meet the needs of today's vulnerable children and families."

Their initiatives and projects include help promoting education reform to address critical issues children face in big cities, programs to ensure familial economic success and juvenile detention alternatives initiatives, which are targeted toward keeping youths out…. [read more]


Lottery Behind Traditions and Rituals Term Paper

… However, interspersed with all of these All-American images, foreshadowing of the true nature of The Lottery exists from the beginning. For example one child "had already stuffed his pockets full of stones, and the other boys soon followed his example, selecting the smoothest and roundest stones." (Jackson) The description of the setting, used in combination with the foreshadowing of the Lottery, is particularly effective because of the paradoxical images. "The story eerily contrasts the modern, typical details of the villager's lives -- Mrs. Hutchinson is washing dishes before coming to the ritual, and the Lottery head is described as wearing blue jeans -- with the barbarity of the lottery ritual." (Wikipedia)

One of the major themes of Jackson's story is that traditions are followed blindly,…. [read more]


Environment Child Labor Has Received Essay

… Therefore Nike should use this opportunity to take immediate actions in order to provide the required remedy to the different activism it is now facing, if not, in the long run it can prove devastating for the image of their company. Generally, the entire truth about Nike is that its only real strength has remained on its good name. The reasons why Nike still rule is because of the good things that people associate the company with "Micheal Jordan, sharp advertisements, Little Penny, and Tiger Woods. But if child labor and beaten workers is added to that list then the greatest asset of Nike will be lost.

As per now the burden has been left on the company to do a better job to implement…. [read more]


2-Year-Old Two-Year-Old Child Development Case Study

… 2-year-Old Case Study

Two-Year-old Child Development Case Study

Healthy early childhood development is highly dependent on some rather simple, yet profound variables. The first few feelings that an infant has are very basic instinctual attachments or bonding to his or her immediate environmental surroundings, including caregivers. Security is the primal most comforting feeling an infant has and if it is interrupted in these early often the result is an attachment disorder if not addressed properly. This particular case study is an exploration of child development during these early formative years.

Jason is a playful, bright and healthy two-year-old male, although a little shy. His parents are John, a thirty-two-year-old computer technician and Michelle, a twenty-eight-year-old graphic designer. Both have very serious career goals and Michelle…. [read more]


Television and Child Literacy Term Paper

… Television acts like a mind-numbing drug depriving children of their imagination and their ability to engage in complex reasoning. It accustoms them to expect everything to be presented to them polished up and fully formed. Children who watch too much TV neglect many other activities in favor of watching television. They read less and interact less with those around them, in particular their parents or other adults. Television robs children of the power to discover their world for themselves, and instead feeds them an easily-digested pabulum, that all too many young people mistake for the reality of their existence. Television can be a help, and it can serve the purpose of providing innocent entertainment, but parents and teachers must make sure that children fully understand…. [read more]


No Child Left Behind Term Paper

… This holds true especially for English language students and special education students. School districts that continuously fail to post improvements will face sanctions. Principals and teachers in such "underperforming" schools could be suspended, removed or replaced. The No Child Left Behind Act also makes provisions allowing state to take over underperforming schools. Additionally, federal funding could be withheld for underperforming schools ("U.S. Department of Education").

To measure improvement, the No Child Left Behind Act relies largely on annual tests. One of the provisions of this Act would be to require annual state-administered examination for all children in grades 3 to 8. These state-administered tests would provide educators with a measurable goal to strive towards ("U.S. Department of Education"). The tests also give evaluators a standardized…. [read more]


No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 Term Paper

… No Child Left Behind - Problems Need to be Resolved

Why was No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation needed? Was it just to improve education? Was it to hold schools and teachers accountable? Some important background information is very appropriate at this point in the paper. The Public Broadcast Service (PBS) report on August 21, 2005 reviews the legislation that led up to NCLB. During the Lyndon Johnson presidency, there was a big financial push to help schools that were serving low-income students. This was part of Johnson's "War on Poverty" campaign, and due to the president's persistence, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) was passed, which provided "significant funding to schools," the PBS Background Report explains (www.pbs.org).

The ESEA legislation resulted…. [read more]


No Child Left Behind Essay

… However, other issues like "lower size of class, advanced textbooks, furnishings, library books, technology in classrooms, hiring and retaining high qualified teachers, curricula that support knowledge required for future employment, guidance counselors, and numerous other components of academic achievement" are not addressed under NCLB.

Poor school performance is indicated frequently by standardized achievement tests, overall grade point average (GPA), and/or failure in core classes (Allensworth & Easton, 2007). During the last two decades retention rates have grown considerably. Often viewed as an indicator of previous school performance, grade retention is consistently cited in literature as a factor that increases the likelihood of dropping out of high school. Grade retention has been cited as one of the strongest negative predictors of educational attainment (Allensworth & Easton,…. [read more]


No Child Left Behind Program Research Proposal

… No Child Left Behind

Data Collection and Data Analysis

Time Scale

The intent of this paper is to evaluate efficacy of counselling sessions held in a secondary school setting for educators to provide desired help to the students diagnosed with Emotional and Behavioural Disorders considering the value of No Child Left Behind act 2001. This paper is divided into six parts. First part provides information about the program, statute used and the reason behind creating this program. Second part describes the proposed method for evaluation of program efficacy, thirds part contains information about the collection and analysis of data, fourth part explains the anticipated outcome / conclusion, fifth part provides recommendations on this subject together with the anticipated time scale for the complete study. Sixth…. [read more]


No Child Left Behind Act Term Paper

… ¶ … NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND (NCLB) ACT of 2001 is the federal law aimed at the improvement of the education for the students, irrespective of their social, cultural, economic and demographic affiliation. The law has been approved to offer flexibility and choices to the parents; the law accounts the school responsible for the performance of the students, and ensures the promotion of the effective and efficient teaching methodologies. The law has approved the funding towards the incorporation of the provisions aimed at improving the teaching and learning for the students, in particular those affiliated with the economically disadvantaged communities.

George W. Bush signed the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act into law in January of 2002 (Cronin, Kingsbury, McCall, & Bowe, 2005; Romano, 2005).…. [read more]


Left Right Realism in Criminology Term Paper

… Left/Right Realism

The terms Left and Right Realism in criminology present something of a misnomer, because although Left Realism arose as a response to the emergence of Right Realism, the definition and application of "realism" in either school of thought could not be more different. Of the two, Left Realism is more convincing, because its use of the term "realism" is both more justified and more universally applied. Specifically, Right Realism is essentially a reactionary theory that a priori rejects the notion that the cause of crime is either intelligible or worth knowing. Right Realism assumes the existence of crime without suggesting an explanation for that crime; instead, it focuses on official reactions to the phenomenon of crime and their effect on crime rates, such…. [read more]


Children? The Novel Book Report

… She hadn't dared to criticize Carl… but when she made the bed, it wasn't wet, so Lisa hadn't wet the bed" (254). It's very difficult to determine what exactly has happened; the ambiguity with the bed that was soiled or not soiled is disturbing, particularly when the reader considers that Clark has already established pedophilic tendencies with Carl's character. For example, we know that he thinks, "her little tongue was so pink!" (71) and "He wanted so much to get back to the little girl that it was painful" (143).

When Nancy finally runs up the stairs to find Carl smothering one of her children with a plastic bag, we are told that he is "giggling" as he does it to add a sinister air…. [read more]


No Child Left Behind President Bush Term Paper

… No Child Left Behind President Bush's so-called education plan, No Child Left Behind (NCLB), has turned out to be a rip-off, something perhaps educators -- and particularly African-American educators -- should have seen coming. The title of the program itself was 'borrowed' and adapted slightly from the longtime rallying cry of equality activist Marian Wright Edelman's "Leave No Child Behind" for the Children's Defense Fund.

Passed three years ago, after the first two years of the program, formally an extension of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, "has left a lot behind, including no end of confusion, uncertainty and resentment" (Schrag 2004, 38+), and recently has sparked lawsuits as well.

By 2004, NCLB had spawned an increase in "the wave of adequacy lawsuits…. [read more]


No Child Left Behind Act Term Paper

… edsource.org/edu_esea.cfm#features).

An estimated six million public school children in California will benefit from the NCLB, as well as 8,566 public schools and 299,897 teachers, with more than $5.4 billion allotted to aid local schools, an increase of 41.4% over the 2000 levels (Hauck 2002). Under NCLB, Title I funding increases to more than $1.7 billion, an increase of 55.8% of 2000 levels, and boosting the quality of education for disadvantaged school children (Hauck 2002). NCLB also provides $132.9 million for Reading First programs, $333.5 million to train and retrain skilled educators, $61.2 million to aid in providing safe and drug-free schools, $41.4 million for after-school programs for at-risk children, and $28.9 million for learning and teaching assessments (Hauck 2002). Moreover, Pell Grant funding increased some…. [read more]


One of the Policy Inquiries and Evaluations Essay

… ¶ … Policy Evaluation

In Forgotten Australians: A report on Australians who experienced institutional or out-of-home care as children, the Australian Senate attempts to create an overview of the history of children who have been removed from their homes in Australia. They were prompted by the fact that more than half a million children in Australia had been displaced from their homes. In addition, they had heard horrific stories of all types of abuse in these out-of-home placements, including emotional, physical, and sexual abuse in addition to neglect (Australian Senate, 2004). Even children who were not subject to abuse or to a physical level of neglect described a consistent lack of love and affection while in institutional settings, which seems to have contributed to lifelong…. [read more]


Families, Delinquency and Crime What Are Examples Thesis

… Families, Delinquency & Crime

What are examples of socially deviant acts? How can communities combat these deviant acts?

Socially deviant activities are, simply put, activities that 'deviate' from what a particular society at a particular point in historical time considers 'the norm.' Social deviancy is highly dependent upon social constructs, which can change just as social culture changes. For example, until the 1960s, homosexuality was considered to be socially deviant, and even classified as a mental illness. A woman who desired to work as a scientist or a lawyer was considered socially deviant at different points in our nation's history. Selling drugs is normalized within certain American subcultures, but considered socially deviant in mainstream society.

Of course, it might be protested that some acts are…. [read more]


Social Services and Child Welfare Term Paper

… Naturally, the baby was removed from the home but this was not enough to save Lisa. As unfortunate as this incident was, it is not as uncommon as many people would like to believe. There are many children in this country and even in the state of New Jersey that suffer greatly at the hands of parents and adoptive parents, as well as other caregivers. Not that many of them die, or they would make the news more often, but there is still enough pain and suffering that none of these young children should have to go through.

This is very tragic for these individuals to have to deal with this kind of pain and it is not just something that they feel when they…. [read more]


Placement of Children and Youth Term Paper

… Smith (1998) also documented another important trend in relation to juveniles in juvenile justice residential placement settings that has occurred since 1987. As reported by Smith, the proportion of youth held in juvenile facilities for violent offenses increased over the period from 1987 to 1995 for both males and females. Findings reported by Smith suggested that males were more likely than females to be in custody for violent offenses, ranging from 20% in 1987 to 31% in 1995, compared with 6% in 1987 to 13% in 1995 for females. From 1987 to 1995, males were consistently and increasingly more likely to be in custody for delinquent acts (including violent, property, alcohol/drug, and public order offenses and probation violations), 77% in 1987, 82% in 1991, and…. [read more]


Good vs. Bad Child Care: Impact on Developing Children Term Paper

… ¶ … Quality Day Care Services on the Developing Child

Young children's healthy development must proceed properly to insure that they develop into adults capable of achieving their best potentials. More and more parents of young children today must go to work or school and entrust this healthy development to child care centers or caregivers in their absence (Medline Plus 2007). The need to choose the one best fit for the purpose is paramount, considering the length of time their young children stay in these centers or with these caregivers. Their children's experiences in these centers or with caregivers can enhance or harm their healthy development. Some offer quality care and some offer poor quality care. Under the circumstances, parents take a calculated risk.

Literature…. [read more]


No Child Left Behind Act From a Counselor's Perspective Thesis

… NCLB

The No Child Left Behind Act was ratified in 2001 and affects federally funded American public schools. According to the Department of Education, the Act is built on four main principles: "accountability for results, more choices for parents, greater local control and flexibility, and an emphasis on doing what works based on scientific research." The principles upon which the Act is founded seem sound, but No Child Left Behind is a band-aid solution to a major crisis in the American public education system. Accountability for results, the first principle foundation of the Act, is measured with standardized achievement tests. The tests are imperfect means of assessing knowledge or critical thinking. Choices for parents implies the ability to switch schools, without taking into account (a)…. [read more]


No Child Left Behind Act and Its Effect on English Language Learners Term Paper

… No Child Left Behind Act and Its Effect on English Language Learners

No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 and Its Effect on English Language Learners

The United States is no longer a "melting pot, but has rather emerged in the 21st century as a "salad bowl" where many minorities may not readily become as assimilated into mainstream American society as in years past. The implications of these trends for the public school system in the U.S. has been profound, particularly in view of the recent mandates established by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (hereinafter "NCLB," or alternatively, "the Act"). According to Arce, Luna, Borjian and Conrad, "Proponents of the No Child Left Behind Act claim that its mission is to close…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.