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Child Welfare Biased in System Term Paper

… Child Welfare Biased in System

Info: "some legal scholars and civil rights activists have raised the challenge that child welfare in the U.S. is biased. they argue that states act against low-income families, particularly single mothers and families of color, far more than middle or upper income families. state child protective service administrators argue that they have explicit criteria to determine child abuse or neglect and caseworkers apply those evenly, case by case. their imperative they point out, is to keep children safe without regard to any other factor" my argument is that children of single mothers suffer more in the system because being a single mother and on welfare has a stigma in society that the government is unwilling to address. that these women…. [read more]

Young Diverse Children Living Term Paper

… The Casey Foundation was formed based on the supposition that children "do best when their families do well, and families do better when they live in supportive neighborhoods." (AECF, 2004). Officially titled the Annie E. Casey Foundation, the community organization was founded to help disadvantaged children and their families realize better futures and better opportunities within the United States. The primary mission of the organization is to help foster "public policies, human service reforms, and community supports that more effectively meet the needs of today's vulnerable children and families."

Their initiatives and projects include help promoting education reform to address critical issues children face in big cities, programs to ensure familial economic success and juvenile detention alternatives initiatives, which are targeted toward keeping youths out…. [read more]

Affordable Health Care Act Impact Thesis

… By law, persons who for religious or other reasons are unable to join these schemes are exempted. According to Scott (2013)

, it is this duty of individuals that makes universal coverage possible. Without this legal mandate, a large number of persons who are healthy would not see value in risk pooling and thus would not enroll for insurance coverage. Similarly, private health insurance would not eliminate discriminatory pricing that favor the healthy individuals. Private insurance providers cannot protect themselves from adverse selections since they have a duty to provide insurance to all individuals.

As suggested by Genevieve et al. (2012)

, the ACA is basically a three-legged stool that connects the broken ties between employers, private health insurers and individuals. The first stool leg…. [read more]

Reading Strategies Impact on ELL ESL Students Capstone Project

… ¶ … Reading Strategies' Impact on ELL Students

Today, more than 2 million students from non-English-speaking backgrounds attend public school in the United States and their numbers are expected to triple by 2020. The research to date confirms that these students require support in their native languages as well as in English to achieve academic proficiency, but far too few English language learners (ELLs) are receiving the level of educational support that is required. In this environment, identifying improved strategies for facilitating English language acquisition represents a timely and valuable enterprise. There are a number of challenges that are involved, but the mandates are clear. The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, signed into law January 2002, placed renewed emphasis, urgency, and expectations on all…. [read more]

Social Welfare State and Juvenile Research Proposal

… ¶ … Social Welfare State and Juvenile Crimes

Youth Offenders and Social Welfare: An Evaluation of the Relationship between the Social Welfare State and Juvenile Crimes

Despite some reductions in various types of juvenile crime during the late 1990s and early 2000s, the problem of youthful crime has once again resurfaced as a national priority. When something is made a priority, though, it is by definition supposed to get better, but this has not been the case with youth offenders and the lower socioeconomic background that characterizes the lives of the majority of them. According to Everett and Chadwell (2009), U.S. Department of Justice statistics indicate that juvenile crime remains a national social problem in the United States today. In fact, Everett and Chadwell report…. [read more]

Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Delinquent Essay

… Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile delinquent is a person who is below the age of 18, and has committed a crime. The crime committed would have resulted in a criminal offense, but since the person is not of legal age they are accused of delinquency Boehnke & Bergs-Winkels, 2002.

Cases of juvenile delinquency are normally heard in the juvenile court, and they are mostly civil cases. This means the child is not formally charged, but they are accused of a delinquent act. A child is tried in a juvenile court if they are 7 years and above. Children below the age of 7 do not have the capability to differentiate right from wrong. Children aged between 7 and 14 are capable of forming a guilty mind, but…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act Review Impact Research Paper

… No Child Left Behind

It has often been noted by many astute observers that every solution to a problem creates another problem. The No Child Left Behind Act o 2001, or NCLB, a monumental piece of federal government legislation, is a strong example of an attempt to solve a complex problem that is creating a complex web of problems in its wake. In this paper, I will examine literature on NCLB to explore the intent and the impact of the legislation on states, school districts, schools, teachers, and schoolchildren, and I will reflect upon what I have learned in the process and how it may shape the kind of educator I will become.

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 is the latest in…. [read more]

No-Fault Compensation in UK Medical Malpractice Thesis

… 2 The survey tried to quantify the frequency and/or severity of adverse effects through a population sampling experienced as a result of their medical treatment. The respondent sample consisted of 3638 men and 4568 women, or a total population of 8,206.

395, or 4.8% (4.8 in every 100) patients felt that they had suffered some illness, injury or impairment, which directly resulted from their medical treatment or care. This figure is slightly higher than the estimates derived using the methodology from the Harvard Medical Malpractice Study, which estimated that 3.7 in every 100 patients suffered "adverse effect." The report noted that the proportion responding "positively declined with increasing age and was inversely associated with social grade." Further, the report stated, "there was…. [read more]

How Do School Librarians Impact Student Achievement and Improve Reading? Thesis


The work of Houston (2007) "Measuring Up: Achievement of 'Beyond Proficiency' Standards in School Library Media Centers Across Kentucky" states that the Kentucky Department of Education published its standard for establishment of a library media program and as well included are goals for such programs. Media specialists across the state of Kentucky are stated to have been "making the case to their administrations and site-based councils for the resources to fully implement the standards necessary for quality school media centers staffed by certified media specialists..." (Houston, 2007) It is related that in the response to the primary question posed by this study or that of how media library centers measure up on standards in the…. [read more]

Teacher Certification Impact on Student Achievement Literature Review

… By raising requirements for teaching, the legislation would presumably end the employment of non-certified or under-qualified teachers in public schools.

Nonetheless, the legislation mainly emphasized subject matter knowledge and introduced constraints in teacher certification (Townsend, 2014). This was one of the major shortcomings of the legislation. By emphasizing subject matter knowledge, the NCLB gave little attention to pedagogy and curriculum. This resulted in a narrower view of teaching accountability in which teaching effectiveness was measured by the ability to pass tests as opposed to more meaningful aspects such as teacher characteristics. Schuster (2012) also criticizes NCLB’s attention to content knowledge, pre-service tests, and experience, contending that such measures are not necessarily useful indicators of teaching quality. Another shortcoming of the NCLB stemmed from the…. [read more]

School-Based Tutoring Programs Significantly Improve Article Review

… An analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used for the analysis of data.

Results showed that the students who received tutoring in either language arts or mathematics performed better, meaning they received higher scores on standardized tests, than the control group counterparts. The results point to the potential of tutoring for improving test scores among specific student populations: that is: borderline students attending middle schools in an urban and diverse school district in the state of New Jersey. The results may be generalizable to other school districts or demographic zones, but would probably be better applied to other situations in which the target group was "borderline" underachievers.

Moreover, the research shows how the No Child Left Behind Act is not being implemented as well as it…. [read more]

Early Childhood Education in the Village Term Paper

… ¶ … Early Childhood Education in the Village of Manexba, Transkei, South Africa in July 1992

Based on Interviews and Analysis of the Human Ecosystem Structure

Early Education Concepts

Today's Future Needs

Questions Answered

Environments Examined

Examining Necessities


Language Limits

Needs Confirmed

Planting Seeds of Knowledge

Good Thing

Early Education Concepts

Early education can only promise to help make the third and fourth and fifth years of life good ones. It cannot insure without fail that any tomorrow will be successful. Nothing "fixes" a child for life, no matter what happens next. But exciting, pleasing early experiences are seldom sloughed off. They go with the child, on into first grade, on into the child's long life ahead." (Hymes Jr., 1996) was born and raised…. [read more]

Agrees That Ethics Research Paper

… This principle is particularly problematic in today's society as evidenced by the debate over health insurance that is presently plaguing the country.

IV. Ethical Theories

Each of these principles is important and should be honored as much as possible. Unfortunately in the real world there are situations where one principle may have to be compromised in order to real the best result. For example, there may be a situation where the principle of justice might need to be sacrificed for the sake of beneficence or vice versa. This is to be expected in the health care arena as difficult decisions are often presented. In this regard, as a practicing Roman Catholic I can expect such circumstances to appear often. My responsibility is to establish a…. [read more]

Stigma of Suicide and Grief in African-American Mothers Literature Review

… Suicide Grief among African-American Mothers


This research will explore the experience of representative African-American mothers who lost their sons to suicide. The biopsychosocial contextual model of stress, as specifically applied to suicide as stressor, by Clark, Anderson, Clark and Williams (1999) will guide the following research questions:

Does perceived stigma due to suicide, as measured by the Suicide Stigmatization Scale (Fiegelman et al., 2011) significantly predict severity of grief, as measured by the Inventory of Complicated Grief (Prigerson et al., 1995), in African-American mothers who have lost a son to suicide, controlling for maternal socioeconomic status, age, relationship status, depression, and history of suicide in the family?

Does the coping style of John Henryism, as measured by the John Henryism Active…. [read more]

E-Learning Impact of Information Technology on Education Research Paper

… Elearning

The Impact of E-Learning on Education at All Levels

The traditional geographical, linguistic, cultural and spatial parameters shaping education are being altered today by patterns of technological innovation. The face of education has changed at every level due to the availability of new computing and telecommunication opportunities that are quite literally removing the boundaries of the classroom. Those conditions previously thought of as necessities through which educational instruction is to be carried out are today proving to be restraints of the past as the internet and computer mediated avenues to information, knowledge and instruction are providing a wealth of new ways to reach students. This refers to a process known as electronic learning or e-learning. For the purposes of this examination, e-learning will refer…. [read more]

Performance Disruptive Behavior Impacts Students Essay

… Teachers taught lessons in whole-class format and modeled the roles of coach and reader. They gave students many opportunities to practice their roles and the procedures, and teachers monitored these activities, providing positive and corrective feedback as appropriate and assistance if needed. Many teachers include these kinds of activities in their classrooms whether are not they have participated formally in PALS training. "Partner-reading" or "buddy-reading" are strategies often used in the classroom, pairing stronger readers with those who struggle and pairing disruptive students with those who are more easily able to stay focused. In some classrooms, students read to adult volunteers, students from other classrooms or grade levels, and even to stuffed animals. Many students take the task more seriously if someone else is involved…. [read more]

Teacher Qualifications and Student Performance: A Review Thesis

… Teacher Qualifications and Student Performance: A Review of NCLB-Related studies

Among the educational reforms undertaken by local, state, and federal governments in the last half century, there has perhaps been none as important, far-reaching, and ambitious as the "No Child Left Behind" (NCLB) Act passed into law in January, 2002. This legislation was the culmination of more than two decades of work towards improving school and teacher accountability through measuring student progress toward learning outcomes in order to improve American education relative to that of other nations. Through the implementation of standardized assessments with all students at all levels of elementary and secondary education, the reform was intended to provide data that would help determine how schools were performing relative to others in their states,…. [read more]

Baby Boomers and Their Impact on Funeral Service Thesis

… Sociology

The Impact of Baby Boomers on the Funeral Service

Funeral services have changed considerably over the years, each generation bringing its own sensibilities. Death rites once occupied a considerable amount of time and expense. Mourners wore black for a year or more, and funeral services were long and highly ritualized. Such practices suited the rhythms of life of an earlier generation. Yet, the baby boomers changed nearly everything about their society. Tradition became something to be challenged, even assaulted. Not one aspect of customary life was left unchanged, and funeral services were no exception. Traditional funeral services were modified to suit individual tastes and preferences. The new funerals reflected the deceased as they were in life, as well as the needs of those left…. [read more]

UK Healthcare Term Paper

… According to Enthoven, the focus was directed towards enabling private practice to develop and forcing more elderly people to independent private nursing homes, where they had to pay from own resources until their money ran out. Within this approach, the goals of the government as addressed by Enthoven were:

To improve its ability to control the NHS financially by separating 'health' from 'social' care and to continue offering 'free' if services were provided by the NHS staff based on 'means tested' access.

To increase the efficiency of the NHS by improving both productive efficiency and allocative efficiency.

According to Le Grand et al., (1998), the basis of the development of the 'internal market' involved the introduction of competition via the establishment of more and smaller…. [read more]

Healing Hospital Provides Its Patients Essay

… Moreover, surveys are being conducted by such hospitals frequently, in order to monitor the satisfaction level of their patients. Even though, healing hospitals equip advanced technological devices but they integrate this technology with a compassionate and king environment in which their employees are the care givers. (Eberst 1-3)

A Culture of Radical Loving Care

The third and the most crucial component of a healing hospital is a culture of radical loving care. If a hospital is equipped beautiful furniture, aesthetic decorative items and commendable interior but it lacks the environment of care love and compassion and the staff that is committed to this philosophy then it would be regarded as a pretty hospital but not a healing hospital. Healing hospitals try to promote a healing…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act Thesis

… Education - NCLB Problems

RECONSIDERING the NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND CONCEPT Background and History of the No Child Left Behind Act: Education reform in the United States is not a new idea. In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson enacted the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and during the administration of George H. Bush, the first President Bush promised, among other things, that by the turn of the century, all American school-aged children would have the benefit of comprehensive quality educational programming and improved nutritional and healthcare access to facilitate their learning in school. President G.H. Bush went so far as to promise that improved focus on American education would go so far by then as to also provide the training necessary for the parents of preschoolers…. [read more]

School Culture on School Safety Term Paper

… According to the National School Safety Center (1995) creating safe schools is about commitment. That does not mean only commitment from the principal, or from the teachers, or from the students. Accomplishing such a goal requires families, schools, and community leaders to talk about the quality of the educational environment they want to provide for youth and together develop the strategies that will produce the desired results.

This type of cohesive commitment is the only real way that schools can be made safer, as one person cannot do it alone, and communities must express the desire to make schools safer and therefore give the students a better school life and more hope for the future. The Center also suggests that achieving these goals requires leaders…. [read more]

Applied Management and Decision Sciences Thesis

… ¶ … management and decision sciences from various theorists; and, analyzes the evolution of managerial decision making from scientific management to the complicated forecasting models used today. The objectives of the Breadth component were four-fold: (a) to examine the theories of applied management and decision sciences as interpreted by the research of Ducker (1974), Harrison (1975), and others as listed in the reference section; (b) to analyze the historic evolution of decision making from scientific management to modern applications of operations research; (c) to examine the decision making process, with a particular emphasis on the importance of values and management judgment; and (d) to describe, assess, and evaluate various decision evaluation tools including matrix analysis, influence diagrams, payoff matrices, sensitivity analysis, decision tree, probabilistic forecasting,…. [read more]

Identity Construction in Literary Texts Literature Review

… Identity Construction in Literary Texts

Representasie Van Kleurling Identiteit In Geselekteerde Tekste




"If we follow the badge of color from 'African' 'Negro' to 'colored race' to 'black' to 'Afro-American' to 'African-American'

we aren't thus tracing the history not only of a signifier, a label, but also a history of its effects"

Robert E. Park (1864-1944) (as cited in Back & Solomos, 2000, p.145).

The "coloured category" identified in 1950 in South Africa constituted one of three categories: White, black (African), or colored (of mixed decent). "The coloured category included major subgroups of Indians and Asians, Monal Chokshi, Cale Carter, Deepak Gupta, and Robert Allen (1995, ¶ 3) explain in "The history of apartheid in…. [read more]

Parent's Selection for Supplementary Tutoring Dissertation

… Diversity can also be discovered in the ages and experiences of tutors. In a lot settings, secondary school students were able to learn a little money by tutoring primary school children, and likewise university students tutor would do the same for those for the secondary students. A lot of the parents in Hong Kong approve of that fact of getting tutored by older people, many of tutors were retirees that had wished that they still to contribute to society and earn some extra money. Among these two excesses of age are others who deliver tutoring on a full-time or part-time foundation, and who may or may not have official training. Again this picture really contrasts with normal schooling, in which teachers are estimated to be…. [read more]

Hisory of Palliatve Care Palliative Ghost Writing

… Development of instrument that can be used in improvement of palliative care

There are legal standards that are being used in the United States to help sustain the lives of young children. Creation of machines to help in the program to sustain lives especially of those children suffering from long life diseases like cancer is the current project. This is an initiative taken by the pediatric palliative care department. The program will play a significant role in prolonging lives especially to those children with serious illness. Two instruments in the suggestion for use and reviews made to see the effectiveness. Parents and palliative care employees from various institutions gave opinions to act as a guideline on the effectiveness and progress. The instruments are essential in…. [read more]

Homelessness in the United States Term Paper

… Homelessness


People Without Homes

Points to Ponder


Snapshots of Homelessness

The Number of Homeless

Facts about homelessness in the United States

Homelessness Portrayed

Cutout Children


Sexual Abuse

Rural Homelessness

Homeless Children with Disabilities

In Their Own Words

Erik Erikson's Theory

Carol Gilligan

Grounded in Listening

More Factors Associated with Homelessness

Homelessness Devastating Impact

Recognizing Needs

Countering Causes

Do Something

Snapshot of Homeless Population in U.S.

Figure 2: Number of Homeless People in Each State

Figure 3: Manuel Hernandez

Figure 6: Waiting for the Shelter to Open

Figure 5: Life-size Cutout of Young Homeless Girl

Figure 6: Life-size Cutout of Young Homeless Boy

Table 1: Grid Depicting…. [read more]

Popularized Social and Cultural Trends Thesis

… But even this assumption has given way to other kinds of considerations as new forms of affordable, interactive technologies are finding favor across socio-economic, gender, racial and other classes (Morrissey and Manning, 2000). The fact is that access to new forms of learning is being seen by students and teachers alike as a very desirable way to learn more than what schools have to offer. (See

A related problem is connected to the cost factors for governments as they struggle to pay for American and other national educational directives and systems. Continuing and/or nonstop learning through programs in communities is expensive. It requires large amounts of time and money as well as psychic energy, and these resources are becoming difficult for individuals and governments…. [read more]

Overarching Goal Essay

… ¶ … overarching goal of this study was to develop an improved understanding concerning assessing and developing the survey research methodology within an educational setting in general and the use of the survey research method to determine attitudes and behavioral intentions of the students in a university setting regarding their acceptance of e-learning in particular. The first part of the study presents the breadth component which is used to identify the differences between three important research paradigms which are defined, compared, and contrasted with various types of research methodologies with a particular emphasis on survey research methodology, using a selected bibliography to evaluate the methods.

Identifying Constraints to e-Learning for Rural Nigerian Students

The Breadth Component


This study is organized into three parts. The…. [read more]

Fine Arts and the K-12 Curriculum Essay

… Fine Arts & the K-12 Curriculum

Including the fine arts in a K-12 curriculum has become a controversial issue in educational institutions and local school settings. Some educators and administrators view the arts as a "frivolous" appendage to the overall school program. Others believe it is an integral part of developing well; rounded individuals and contend that the arts support academic achievement. Since the arts are not included in high stakes testing and are not a part of the No Child Left Behind legislation, communities in support of fine arts programs are finding it difficult to justify the resources and time allocated for music, art and drama when offered. In higher education, over the years, your institution's fine arts department has built an extensive community…. [read more]

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