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Child Welfare Biased in System Term Paper

… Child Welfare Biased in System

Info: "some legal scholars and civil rights activists have raised the challenge that child welfare in the U.S. is biased. they argue that states act against low-income families, particularly single mothers and families of color, far more than middle or upper income families. state child protective service administrators argue that they have explicit criteria to determine child abuse or neglect and caseworkers apply those evenly, case by case. their imperative they point out, is to keep children safe without regard to any other factor" my argument is that children of single mothers suffer more in the system because being a single mother and on welfare has a stigma in society that the government is unwilling to address. that these women…. [read more]

Child Abuse in England Initial Term Paper

… She needs to be told that Dennis is at the center of her life, which should not be the case. She should understand that she is merely replacing her vacant father image with Dennis, and that Dennis' closeness to Clara does not mean that Clara is more loved. She should be made to focus on the irrationality of the jealousy and the harm it causes everyone, yet she can do something about it. Instead, she should focus on reducing the distance between Dennis and Anthony by trying to empathize with both of them as far as she can learn to.

Dennis must also be spoken to, heart-to-heart. He may be aware of Christine's past, but he should be made to understand that merely living with…. [read more]

Landon Carter's Character Through Erik Term Paper

… (McLeod 1) Kids go on to depend on others, have little self-worth and also question their abilities.

A lot of traits exhibited by Landon reflect an unhealthy stage two. Landon depends on his friends and acts according to them. That is to say he is doubtful of himself as a person and his personality. Regardless of the kind of people they are, Landon still hangs out with them. The friends that Landon has do not depict his true personality. There is a scene when Landon is with his friends in school and it's been just a day after him practicing lines with Jamie.

Jamie walks up to Landon: "Hey Carter, So I'll see you after school?"

Landon pauses.

Landon "Yea, in your dreams" [laughter follows]…. [read more]

Foster Children Term Paper

… Another provision of the Adoption and Safe Families Act was designed to expedite adoption for children who could not safely be returned to their birth families. For children who spent 15 of the previous 22 months in foster care, and could not be returned to their families, before requesting determination of parental rights could be filed, and upon approval of the child would be placed for adoption (Homes, 2002).

The Act was added to help reform the foster care provisions of the social security act. The main goal was to keep children from spending too much time in foster care, and either return them to their biological families or find adoptive families in the quickest amount of time. Foster care is growing, since more children…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 Term Paper

… No Child Left Behind - Problems Need to be Resolved

Why was No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation needed? Was it just to improve education? Was it to hold schools and teachers accountable? Some important background information is very appropriate at this point in the paper. The Public Broadcast Service (PBS) report on August 21, 2005 reviews the legislation that led up to NCLB. During the Lyndon Johnson presidency, there was a big financial push to help schools that were serving low-income students. This was part of Johnson's "War on Poverty" campaign, and due to the president's persistence, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) was passed, which provided "significant funding to schools," the PBS Background Report explains (

The ESEA legislation resulted…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act Term Paper

… ¶ … NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND (NCLB) ACT of 2001 is the federal law aimed at the improvement of the education for the students, irrespective of their social, cultural, economic and demographic affiliation. The law has been approved to offer flexibility and choices to the parents; the law accounts the school responsible for the performance of the students, and ensures the promotion of the effective and efficient teaching methodologies. The law has approved the funding towards the incorporation of the provisions aimed at improving the teaching and learning for the students, in particular those affiliated with the economically disadvantaged communities.

George W. Bush signed the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act into law in January of 2002 (Cronin, Kingsbury, McCall, & Bowe, 2005; Romano, 2005).…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Essay

… However, other issues like "lower size of class, advanced textbooks, furnishings, library books, technology in classrooms, hiring and retaining high qualified teachers, curricula that support knowledge required for future employment, guidance counselors, and numerous other components of academic achievement" are not addressed under NCLB.

Poor school performance is indicated frequently by standardized achievement tests, overall grade point average (GPA), and/or failure in core classes (Allensworth & Easton, 2007). During the last two decades retention rates have grown considerably. Often viewed as an indicator of previous school performance, grade retention is consistently cited in literature as a factor that increases the likelihood of dropping out of high school. Grade retention has been cited as one of the strongest negative predictors of educational attainment (Allensworth & Easton,…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind President Bush Term Paper

… No Child Left Behind President Bush's so-called education plan, No Child Left Behind (NCLB), has turned out to be a rip-off, something perhaps educators -- and particularly African-American educators -- should have seen coming. The title of the program itself was 'borrowed' and adapted slightly from the longtime rallying cry of equality activist Marian Wright Edelman's "Leave No Child Behind" for the Children's Defense Fund.

Passed three years ago, after the first two years of the program, formally an extension of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, "has left a lot behind, including no end of confusion, uncertainty and resentment" (Schrag 2004, 38+), and recently has sparked lawsuits as well.

By 2004, NCLB had spawned an increase in "the wave of adequacy lawsuits…. [read more]

Social Services and Child Welfare Term Paper

… Naturally, the baby was removed from the home but this was not enough to save Lisa. As unfortunate as this incident was, it is not as uncommon as many people would like to believe. There are many children in this country and even in the state of New Jersey that suffer greatly at the hands of parents and adoptive parents, as well as other caregivers. Not that many of them die, or they would make the news more often, but there is still enough pain and suffering that none of these young children should have to go through.

This is very tragic for these individuals to have to deal with this kind of pain and it is not just something that they feel when they…. [read more]

Montessori School Advantages Essay

… One comes from the "very rigid way" that some Montessori teachers have "insisted on presenting the Montessori materials"; they leave "no room for discovery or creativity, Britton explains. It is surprising that teachers like this aren't removed from the Montessori classrooms.

The second typical misrepresentation of Montessori comes from the school's own written materials, Britton goes on. Maria Montessori used the word "work" in relation to the children's activities; she wrote that "Play satisfies only a part of one's nature, work goes deeper and brings satisfaction to one's whole being." But what she meant was schoolwork, not "work" from the adult perspective. Britton makes some points directed at parents, which are not germane to this paper necessarily but two are certainly worthy of attention.

One,…. [read more]

Theory Essay

… ¶ … Theory

There have been several attempts to understand the infant self and the formation of behaviors as the infants grow, right from birth through their childhood and adolescence. Of particular interest has been the study on how the infants relate to others and how they experience themselves in relation to other. There have been a lot of concentrations on the sense of self that are essential to daily social interactions with others. This is in the form of psychoanalysis which has its foundation on the works of people like Freud, Erickson, Klein and Mahler among other psychoanalysis professionals.

Attachment is ranked among the most studied aspects of psychology today and in particular the works of Bowlby as well as Stern's works (Stern D.…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act When Passed Thesis

… No Child Left Behind Act when passed by Congress is stated to have been "widely hailed as a bipartisan breakthrough -- a victory for American children, particularly those traditionally underserved by public schools." (Darling-Hammond, ) While the NCLB does have some "major breakthroughs" including "flagging differences in student performance by race and class, it shines a spotlight on longstanding inequalities and could trigger attention to the needs of students neglected in many schools.

Second, by insisting that all students are entitled to qualified teachers, the law has stimulated recruitment efforts in states where low-income and "minority" students have experienced a revolving door of inexperienced, untrained teachers..." however, the agenda which is described by Darling-Hammond as 'noble' "has been nearly lost in the law's problematic details."…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind: Promises Term Paper

… "We vigorously part company with President Bush on the voucher and tax credit proposals..." (Leaming, 2003).


Politics will always be politics, and politicians will often make promises they cannot, or will not, keep. But it seems the Bush Administration - while riding a wave of public opinion approval vis-a-vis 9/11 and the attack on Iraq - has not kept its promise when it comes to NCLB. Fanfare, flashbulbs, and flowery rhetoric about making schools and teachers "accountable" cannot hide Bush's failure to fully fund the programs he enjoys taking credit for initiating.

Works Cited

Cardman, Michael. "Most after-school requests not funded, report says."

Education Daily 36 (2003): 4.

Gorman, Trish, & Wohl, Alex. "No Child Left Behind: Where's the Money?"

American Federation of Teachers…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act. (Updated: 2009 Research Proposal

… ¶ … No child left behind act. (Updated: 2009, Oct 15). New York Times

The article summarizes the history of the "No Child Left Behind" act (NCLB), its original intent, support from the Bush administration and Senator Edward Kennedy, the bill's impact on improving education standards, its slide into discontent among teachers, and, finally, President Obama's stance on the bill and his probable action regarding retaining it.

During his 2000 presidential campaign, George Bush emphasized his strong support for a test-based educational system of accountability that:

"...calls for every state to set standards in reading and math, and for every student to be proficient at those subjects by 2014. Students in Grades 3 through 8 are tested yearly, and reports are issued as to whether…. [read more]

NCLB the Impact of No Child Left Term Paper


The Impact of No Child Left Behind on Teachers, Students, and Parents

The federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001, which was implemented by President George Bush, aims to bring all students up to the proficient level on state tests by 2014, and to hold states and schools completely accountable for results. NCLB requires all districts and schools that receive Title I funds to meet state "adequate yearly progress" (AYP) goals for their entire student populations and for specified demographic subgroups, including major ethnic and racial groups; students from low-income families; limited English proficient (LEP) students, and students with disabilities. If these schools do not meet AYP goals for two or more years, they are considered schools "in need of improvement" and…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Research Paper

… The scores reflect their hardships but do not make allowances for them. The current laws about education punish the schools that score poorly and this makes it so the teachers have to teach the test in a way. If we know what content will be on a test, then we make sure we put extra emphasis on educating the students about the stuff that they will be tested on to help the students pass the exams. This can be conscious or unconscious, but it happens. The problem with this is that when we have to teach to the test, it stops teachers from teaching material that is enriching, but may not show up on a form of assessment.

It can become all too easy as…. [read more]

Autism Is a Developmental Disorder Literature Review

… In this way, they can play an influential role when it comes to the implementation of an education plan as per the child's requirements. However, the role and participation of parents may vary on the basis of their own expertise, educational background, the time they take out and other various factors. At many occasions, parents often lack the knowledge about their child because of which they might be unable to communicate or help even in the case of their dissatisfaction with the learning approach being adopted. For this reason, in order to deal with the legal difficulties which arise between parents and the school, IDEA has included the provision of providing procedural safeguards which was made a part of the act at the time when…. [read more]

Stages of Development Thesis

… ¶ … Scholastic and Personal

The process of human development is assessed according to multiple phases, each of which carries its own distinct set of expectations in terms of emotional growth, psychological development, physical maturation and social awareness. With each phase will also come a distinct set of life cycle considerations and a set of both socially and self-imposed pressures to participate in certain rites and elements of the life cycle. The intercession of these realities produces what are referred to in psychology and sociology as the stages of development. These will tend to be distinguished from one another in a normally developing individual by an array of physical, mental and sexual changes that will significantly shape the course of one's life. Certainly, this would…. [read more]

Parenting Program for Women in Drug Treatment Thesis

… Parenting Program for Women and Children in Residential Treatment

Addiction is something that has been around for many years, and there have been increasingly new ways of treating it that have been created over the course of much research and study. There are many different forms that addiction takes, and there are many different drugs and substances that someone can become addicted to, even if they are not of the age that most people would think of when they picture people that would start down that particular road. Most individuals think of addicts as primarily young, minority men in their 20s and 30s that rob, steal, and cause other problems in order to get their drugs or alcohol. However, there are also…. [read more]

Teen Pregnancy and Parenting on the Educational Research Proposal

… ¶ … teen pregnancy and parenting on the educational advancement of a girl child in Buea-Cameroon

In the past 3 decades, there has been an ever increasing interest in the link between lower educational advancements of teenage mothers and adolescents who get pregnant. Numerous studies have confirmed that higher levels of teenage pregnancy are directly linked to higher levels of educational abandonment (Albert, B., Sarah and Christine, 2003; Singh and Darroch, 2000; Federal/Provincial/Territorial Advisory Committee on Population Health, 1999; Galambos and Tilton-Weaver, 1998). This level of consistency has led many researchers to believe that there is a definite and interdependent relation between the two amongst the youth (The Alan Guttmacher Institute, 2000; 1999a, 1999b, 1999c; The Real Costs of Teen Pregnancy, 2006; Social Exclusion Unit,…. [read more]

Adoption Gay Term Paper

… Gay Adoption

Adoption is an important social and legal process whereby children without parents are placed in homes and given full status as members of a family. Adoption goes beyond the sort of temporary placement that is common in foster homes and is seen to serve the needs of the children, to benefit the adoptive parents, and to strengthen society. Adoption for many people stands as the only viable option they have to become parents because they cannot conceive on their own, and yet there are usually far more children in need of adoptive parents than there are parents. Some children are harder to place than others, usually because they are older, and adoptive parents prefer small children as a rule. Children who have certain…. [read more]

K-12 School Administration Term Paper

… K-12 School Administration

A Comparative Critique of 10 K-12 Education Articles

The pace of legislative change created by No Child Left Behind (NCLB) act "and the natural rivalry between different groups with different ideas about what works best" in schools has caused no end of confusion, tension, miscommunication and outright division among those who need to work together" according to much of the professional literature on the subject (Friedman & Johnson 2006:1). However, improved public relations between parents and schools are essential to create the partnerships to make progress toward common goals, "ensuring that teachers, parents and students share a bold new vision for learning" (Friedman & Johnson 2006:1). While there is wide agreement that 'better' communications between the school administration and the public is…. [read more]

Education: The Intolerance of Zero Term Paper

… For the girls, poor academic performance proved to be the most significant warning sign for later delinquent behavior. However, in the case of the boys, it was peer rejection that proved most important.

Of the 26 male adolescents who displayed high levels of antisocial adolescent behavior, 38% were rejected by their peers in elementary school....Likewise, of the 24 male children identified as being rejected by their peers in elementary school, 40% went on to display high levels of adolescent delinquent behavior. (Lewin, Davis, and Hops, 1999, 18) strong adverse reaction to peer rejection was taken as a sign of the subject's having a very high sensitivity level. A high sensitivity level combined with an inclination toward aggressive behavior is the most common cause of physically…. [read more]

Autism the Differences Research Paper

… Blackwell, et. al argue that before the diagnosis of autism is attempted all primary care physicians should routinely, when necessary, use developmental screening tests on their patients. Unfortunately, less than 1/3 of "primary care providers have been shown to conduct a standardized developmental screening test in child office visits" (Blackwell, 2001, p. 534).

The AAN guidelines urge that when a child has delayed language development or motor skills, the primary care provider should immediately engage in audio logical assessment to rule out any ear or auditory issues, followed by using the CHAT, Autism Screening Questionnaire (Blackwell, 2001, p. 535). At this stage, one of two things must happen, either the child passes or fails the test; if the child passes, then the child still must…. [read more]

Psychoanalytically Interpreting Rapunzel Essay

… Rapunzel

The Grimm brothers' fairy tale "Rapunzel" is ripe for psychoanalytic interpretation because it includes a number of peculiar textual details requiring analysis. In particular, the way the story is broken up into three distinct parts and the relation these divisions have to the characters (especially the prince and the enchantress) demonstrate how the story formulates the journey from child to adult as one of a conflict and eventual reconciliation between the notions of eros and thanatos. Examining the function of the prince and the enchantress in relation to Rapunzel reveals that they serve as representations of eros and thanatos, respectively, ultimately explaining some of the more mysterious details of the text. The story is making a claim regarding the importance of reconciling death with…. [read more]

Montessori's Philosophy Term Paper

… Montessori's Philosophy

Montessori's Spirituality Philosophy

Humans are spiritual creatures by nature. Indeed, one of the distinguishing characteristics of humanity is the unswerving belief in things that are intangible, a belief that can only be rationalized and supported through faith. Despite enormous differences otherwise, throughout the ages, people have always been interested in the spiritual nature of the world around them in an effort to understand what was happening to them, and children are no exception of course. When it comes to the spiritual nature of children, though, there are some profound differences from their adult counterparts that may not be readily understood by those who have lost the wonder in their lives and who no longer believe in the Easter Bunny and Santa Claus. These…. [read more]

Raymond Carver Term Paper

… Knopf. Lish himself argues that he shaped Carver's earlier work and that the substantive differences in the two parts of his career reflect not his soboriety but the difference between his own hand alone and that guided by Lish.

The details varied from telling to telling, but the basic idea was that he had changed some of the stories so much that they were more his than Carver's.

No one quite knew what to make of his statements. Carver, who died in 1988, never responded in public to them. Basically it was Lish's word against commonsense. Lish had written fiction, too. If he was such a great talent, why did so few people care about his work?

As the years passed, Lish became reluctant to…. [read more]

Psychosocial Theory Term Paper

… Erik Erikson & Post-Freudian Theory

The different theories of famous psychologists Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson have been used to interpret and analyze certain characteristics and human behavior. Present day psychology research and studies utilize the theories of Erik Erikson in their attempts to analyze and explain human behavior. The theory of personality development as introduced by Erik Erikson followed the post-Freudian theory of human development in eight stages. The eighth stages consisted of stages where behaviors built on the behaviors learned or acquired in the previous stage. Erikson's eight stages were: 1) trust vs. mistrust, 2) autonomy vs. shame and doubt, 3) initiative vs. guilt, 4) industry vs. inferiority, 5) identity vs. role confusion, 6) intimacy vs. isolation, 7) work and parenthood, and 8)…. [read more]

Legal Analysis of Adoption and Biological Father Term Paper


Introduction little over a decade ago, the nation watched in horror as news reports continuously showed Baby Jessica screaming as she was torn from the parents who raised her for nearly three years and given to her biological father. A Michigan court allowed Baby Jessica's transfer despite the fact that the experts who testified concluded that this disruption in her life would cause great psychological harm to her in the short-term and possibly emotionally scar her for life. In rendering its decision, the court evaluated the constitutional rights of the biological father, yet ignored the rights and interests of the child. In recent years, the same situation has repeatedly brought issues involving the parental rights…. [read more]

Discovering Personality Through Memoir Essay

… ¶ … plain vanilla person, but my early years could be described that way. I was born in [INSERT TOWN & COUNTRY] to a working class [?] family of [INSERT NUMBER OF PEOPLE] consisting of my parents and my siblings [INSERT NAMES OR NUMBER OF BROTHERS AND SISTERS]. Life with my family was predictable and as stable as could be expected given the times and the place.


I found the 5-factor personality theory to be a comfortable fit for thinking about how I have adapted over the years, and perhaps why my personality appears to have changed along some dimensions. The quality of extraversion is not an attribute that I would have considered as applicable to me during my growing up years. Indeed, I…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.