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No Child Left Behind Act- NCLB Term Paper

… No Child Left behind Act- NCLB was formerly known as the Elementary and Secondary Education Act - ESEA which was enacted during 1965. Accented to by President Lyndon Johnson, the ESEA supplied monetary grants to the regional functionaries imparting education to fulfill the individual educational necessities of the educationally underprivileged children. Besides, it even gave resources for libraries, academic research and state education departments and projects. (Kafer, 2004) President George Bush in the January 2002 approved a broad amendment of the Elementary and Secondary Act of 1965.

Widely recognized as the No Child Left behind Act - NCLB Act and ratified with overwhelming backup of the two parties in Congress, this latest Act guarantees a vital departure in endeavors at each stage to enhance the…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act the NCLB Essay

… ¶ … No Child Left Behind Act

The NCLB Act of 2002 is not beneficial to the academic progress of the students.

The NCLB Act of 2002 is well intentioned but is not beneficial to the academic progress of (most) students. Undoubtedly, the aims of the NCLB Act are worthwhile; increasing literacy, improving the educational opportunities of underprivileged students, and holding public schools accountable for their program effectiveness are all valid goals. However, the methods through which the Bush administration attempted to achieve those objectives are, in the views of many educators and observers, extremely detrimental to the overall quality of American public education (Darling-Hammond, 2004; Murray, 2006; Sonnenblick, 2008).

First, the NCLB Act does not address the needs of students who are already achieving…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 Term Paper

… No Child Left Behind - Problems Need to be Resolved

Why was No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation needed? Was it just to improve education? Was it to hold schools and teachers accountable? Some important background information is very appropriate at this point in the paper. The Public Broadcast Service (PBS) report on August 21, 2005 reviews the legislation that led up to NCLB. During the Lyndon Johnson presidency, there was a big financial push to help schools that were serving low-income students. This was part of Johnson's "War on Poverty" campaign, and due to the president's persistence, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) was passed, which provided "significant funding to schools," the PBS Background Report explains (

The ESEA legislation resulted…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Essay

… However, other issues like "lower size of class, advanced textbooks, furnishings, library books, technology in classrooms, hiring and retaining high qualified teachers, curricula that support knowledge required for future employment, guidance counselors, and numerous other components of academic achievement" are not addressed under NCLB.

Poor school performance is indicated frequently by standardized achievement tests, overall grade point average (GPA), and/or failure in core classes (Allensworth & Easton, 2007). During the last two decades retention rates have grown considerably. Often viewed as an indicator of previous school performance, grade retention is consistently cited in literature as a factor that increases the likelihood of dropping out of high school. Grade retention has been cited as one of the strongest negative predictors of educational attainment (Allensworth & Easton,…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act From a Counselor's Perspective Thesis


The No Child Left Behind Act was ratified in 2001 and affects federally funded American public schools. According to the Department of Education, the Act is built on four main principles: "accountability for results, more choices for parents, greater local control and flexibility, and an emphasis on doing what works based on scientific research." The principles upon which the Act is founded seem sound, but No Child Left Behind is a band-aid solution to a major crisis in the American public education system. Accountability for results, the first principle foundation of the Act, is measured with standardized achievement tests. The tests are imperfect means of assessing knowledge or critical thinking. Choices for parents implies the ability to switch schools, without taking into account (a)…. [read more]

NCLB the Federal Government Drafted Research Paper

… This includes a determination of the extent evidence-founded practices inform the policy making process. This would enable a sharpening of the laws to meet the changing demands of the sector (Duncan, 2011). Secondly, policy makers should expand the availability and usage of working strategies. This would assist students in the transition period to remain connected to post secondary education. Lastly, the government should consider increasing funding for the implementation of the two Acts. This analysis discovered that insufficient funding jeopardized the implementation process of the two Acts. Increased funding would also cater for added provisions resulted by future amendments to both Acts (Riddel, Tanklin & Vilston, 2004).

NCLB Act and IDEA Act are laws resulted from the federal government's quest to bring change to the…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Term Paper

… This holds true especially for English language students and special education students. School districts that continuously fail to post improvements will face sanctions. Principals and teachers in such "underperforming" schools could be suspended, removed or replaced. The No Child Left Behind Act also makes provisions allowing state to take over underperforming schools. Additionally, federal funding could be withheld for underperforming schools ("U.S. Department of Education").

To measure improvement, the No Child Left Behind Act relies largely on annual tests. One of the provisions of this Act would be to require annual state-administered examination for all children in grades 3 to 8. These state-administered tests would provide educators with a measurable goal to strive towards ("U.S. Department of Education"). The tests also give evaluators a standardized…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Program Research Proposal

… No Child Left Behind

Data Collection and Data Analysis

Time Scale

The intent of this paper is to evaluate efficacy of counselling sessions held in a secondary school setting for educators to provide desired help to the students diagnosed with Emotional and Behavioural Disorders considering the value of No Child Left Behind act 2001. This paper is divided into six parts. First part provides information about the program, statute used and the reason behind creating this program. Second part describes the proposed method for evaluation of program efficacy, thirds part contains information about the collection and analysis of data, fourth part explains the anticipated outcome / conclusion, fifth part provides recommendations on this subject together with the anticipated time scale for the complete study. Sixth…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind President Bush Term Paper

… No Child Left Behind President Bush's so-called education plan, No Child Left Behind (NCLB), has turned out to be a rip-off, something perhaps educators -- and particularly African-American educators -- should have seen coming. The title of the program itself was 'borrowed' and adapted slightly from the longtime rallying cry of equality activist Marian Wright Edelman's "Leave No Child Behind" for the Children's Defense Fund.

Passed three years ago, after the first two years of the program, formally an extension of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, "has left a lot behind, including no end of confusion, uncertainty and resentment" (Schrag 2004, 38+), and recently has sparked lawsuits as well.

By 2004, NCLB had spawned an increase in "the wave of adequacy lawsuits…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act and Its Effect on English Language Learners Term Paper

… No Child Left Behind Act and Its Effect on English Language Learners

No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 and Its Effect on English Language Learners

The United States is no longer a "melting pot, but has rather emerged in the 21st century as a "salad bowl" where many minorities may not readily become as assimilated into mainstream American society as in years past. The implications of these trends for the public school system in the U.S. has been profound, particularly in view of the recent mandates established by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (hereinafter "NCLB," or alternatively, "the Act"). According to Arce, Luna, Borjian and Conrad, "Proponents of the No Child Left Behind Act claim that its mission is to close…. [read more]

NCLB the Impact of No Child Left Term Paper


The Impact of No Child Left Behind on Teachers, Students, and Parents

The federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001, which was implemented by President George Bush, aims to bring all students up to the proficient level on state tests by 2014, and to hold states and schools completely accountable for results. NCLB requires all districts and schools that receive Title I funds to meet state "adequate yearly progress" (AYP) goals for their entire student populations and for specified demographic subgroups, including major ethnic and racial groups; students from low-income families; limited English proficient (LEP) students, and students with disabilities. If these schools do not meet AYP goals for two or more years, they are considered schools "in need of improvement" and…. [read more]

NCLB Becoming a Teacher in Today's Educational Research Paper


Becoming a teacher in today's educational environment means so much more than just learning how to teach a favorite subject, more than finishing all of the required education, more than completion of student teaching, then finally finding a school district or school willing to hire and with a position that fits the candidate's capabilities that one might wonder if it is truly worth the effort it takes to accomplish such a feat, especially when considering the effects of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) act on the teaching profession.

Many experts contend that the NCLB act is one of a noble purpose that has as its premise an objective that no individual can ethically argue against. On its face, the act is one that…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act Review Impact Research Paper

… No Child Left Behind

It has often been noted by many astute observers that every solution to a problem creates another problem. The No Child Left Behind Act o 2001, or NCLB, a monumental piece of federal government legislation, is a strong example of an attempt to solve a complex problem that is creating a complex web of problems in its wake. In this paper, I will examine literature on NCLB to explore the intent and the impact of the legislation on states, school districts, schools, teachers, and schoolchildren, and I will reflect upon what I have learned in the process and how it may shape the kind of educator I will become.

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 is the latest in…. [read more]

NCLB No Child Left Behind: The History Thesis


No Child Left Behind: The History, Status, and Implications of an Impossible Educational Plan

This paper provides an overview of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, which was enacted as an amendment to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. The No Child Left Behind Act received strong support for its focus on equalizing achievements between all students in the country, and by improving educational achievements in certain core subjects deemed to be especially necessary to continued success. A history of the No Child Left Behind Act is provided, tracing the roots of its purported philosophy from Brown v Board of Educations through findings of a 1983 Department of Education report detailing school inequalities. The current impacts of the legislation, however,…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act Term Paper

… ¶ … NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND (NCLB) ACT of 2001 is the federal law aimed at the improvement of the education for the students, irrespective of their social, cultural, economic and demographic affiliation. The law has been approved to offer flexibility and choices to the parents; the law accounts the school responsible for the performance of the students, and ensures the promotion of the effective and efficient teaching methodologies. The law has approved the funding towards the incorporation of the provisions aimed at improving the teaching and learning for the students, in particular those affiliated with the economically disadvantaged communities.

George W. Bush signed the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act into law in January of 2002 (Cronin, Kingsbury, McCall, & Bowe, 2005; Romano, 2005).…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Concept in American Essay

… No Child Left Behind Concept in American Education

In 1991, President George H.W. Bush pledged to overhaul the American education system by the turn of the century. A decade later, President George W. Bush signed the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) hoping to finally fulfill the goal announced by his father. Unfortunately, the specific approach to improve education at the heart of the NCLB initiative has proven to be ineffective and have been widely criticized in principle.

There is little doubt that the American education system must be improved, but many experts believe that NCLB methods are fundamentally incompatible with achieving meaningful education reform. In some respects, NCLB maintained important objectives, such as improving basic literacy rates. However, the manner in which NCLB sought…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act When Passed Thesis

… No Child Left Behind Act when passed by Congress is stated to have been "widely hailed as a bipartisan breakthrough -- a victory for American children, particularly those traditionally underserved by public schools." (Darling-Hammond, ) While the NCLB does have some "major breakthroughs" including "flagging differences in student performance by race and class, it shines a spotlight on longstanding inequalities and could trigger attention to the needs of students neglected in many schools.

Second, by insisting that all students are entitled to qualified teachers, the law has stimulated recruitment efforts in states where low-income and "minority" students have experienced a revolving door of inexperienced, untrained teachers..." however, the agenda which is described by Darling-Hammond as 'noble' "has been nearly lost in the law's problematic details."…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind: Promises Term Paper

… "We vigorously part company with President Bush on the voucher and tax credit proposals..." (Leaming, 2003).


Politics will always be politics, and politicians will often make promises they cannot, or will not, keep. But it seems the Bush Administration - while riding a wave of public opinion approval vis-a-vis 9/11 and the attack on Iraq - has not kept its promise when it comes to NCLB. Fanfare, flashbulbs, and flowery rhetoric about making schools and teachers "accountable" cannot hide Bush's failure to fully fund the programs he enjoys taking credit for initiating.

Works Cited

Cardman, Michael. "Most after-school requests not funded, report says."

Education Daily 36 (2003): 4.

Gorman, Trish, & Wohl, Alex. "No Child Left Behind: Where's the Money?"

American Federation of Teachers…. [read more]

NCLB Influences Involved in the Creation Term Paper


influences involved in the creation of the No Child Left Behind Act

The American public education system has been subject to increased political scrutiny in recent years. To respond to charges regarding the inadequacy of state standards to raise student performance and the prevalence of social promotion that Congress passed the revised Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) (also known as the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 or NCLB). This act directly links Title I funding for school districts based upon standardized student proficiency tests results. By 2005-06, states are must annually test students in grades 3-8 in reading, language arts and mathematics. States must test students in grades 10-12 in these same subject areas once. By 2007 the sciences will also…. [read more]

NCLB a Great Idea Gone Thesis

… The two subjects that are scored on standardized tests are English and math. No one with any sense of how a child in the 21st-century should be educated would deny the importance of these two subjects. But to reduce education simply to these two realms of knowledge is highly problematic.

One clear loser as No Child Left Behind has extended its influence is the teaching of the visual and performing arts, as noted below:

The reauthorization of the Elementary & Secondary Education Act is now long overdue. This body of federal education policy, last authorized in 2002 as the No Child Left Behind Act, has resulted in a narrowing of the curriculum and arts education has struggled to remain in many schools across the country.…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act Term Paper

… Three of these systems hold their own procurements for the equal interest of district school students and educators, which contrast, in a few regards, from the Uniform Provisions. Under the Uniform Provisions, local education agencies (LEAS) or different elements getting federal financial aid are instructed to give services to qualified district school students, instructors and other workforce. This must be done according to the number of qualified students selected in district secondary and elementary schools in the LEA or the geographic zone served by an alternate agency receiving federal financial aid. These services and different profits must be equivalent to the services and different profits given to government funded school students and instructors taking part in the system, and they must be given in a…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Law Term Paper

… No Child Left Behind Overview:

The intent of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 is to ensure that teachers and school districts are held accountable for the testing results of their students. By holding individual school districts accountable, the federal government is attempting to eliminate gradations in schooling environments, close the achievement gap, and ensure that no child is, in fact, left behind.


One of the main methods advanced for securing the lofty aim described above is to integrate parents into the process. The underlying social problem tacitly acknowledged by this approach is that parents are just as responsible as teachers for the academic success of students, and that parents, in general, are shirking their responsibilities. By requiring new information such as…. [read more]

NCLB and ELL Students Term Paper

… ¶ … No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act passed in 2001 was intended to create better accountability in the schools and produce better outcomes for public education. Although the federal government has vehemently defended the legislation, critics contend that NCLB does very little to improve outcomes for students. Additionally, scholars have maintained that for children with special needs -- i.e. learning disabilities, ELL/ESL learners, etc. -- NCLB has created signification gaps that remain difficult for public schools to close.

With the realization that NCLB has had a number of negative and unintended consequences, there is a direct impetus to consider the problems that have developed as a result of this legislation. Using this as a basis for research, this investigation considers the No Child Left…. [read more]

Education No Child Left Behind on January Thesis

… Education

No Child Left Behind

On January 8, 2002, President George W. Bush signed into law the No Child Left Behind Act. This act was a continuation of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) by Congress. In order to satisfy NCLB requirements, schools must prove that each one of its students is proficient, or on grade level, in key educational areas, such as reading and math, by 2014 in order to continue to receive federal funding. Beginning with the 2002 -- 2003 school years, the NCLB required school districts to prepare annual reports for families and the public at large describing academic achievement for the entire district, by individual schools, and by grade level (No Child Left Behind, 2010).

The effects of…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act Term Paper


An estimated six million public school children in California will benefit from the NCLB, as well as 8,566 public schools and 299,897 teachers, with more than $5.4 billion allotted to aid local schools, an increase of 41.4% over the 2000 levels (Hauck 2002). Under NCLB, Title I funding increases to more than $1.7 billion, an increase of 55.8% of 2000 levels, and boosting the quality of education for disadvantaged school children (Hauck 2002). NCLB also provides $132.9 million for Reading First programs, $333.5 million to train and retrain skilled educators, $61.2 million to aid in providing safe and drug-free schools, $41.4 million for after-school programs for at-risk children, and $28.9 million for learning and teaching assessments (Hauck 2002). Moreover, Pell Grant funding increased some…. [read more]

NCLB Mandates and the Governments Essay

… d., Legislative audit: 4). All of these create costs for the school, local governments, and states. Additionally, under federal law, parents now have the option of transferring students out of the failing school at no cost. Reducing the number of students at the school reduces the available funds for the school.

NCLB was relatively young as a piece of legislation when states began suffering revenue shortfalls due to decreased tax revenue. According to the National Education Association (NEA), "chronic and severe funding shortfalls have put states in an untenable position: They must either use state and local funds to meet costly federal regulations or they will lose federal funds for the neediest students" (The true cost of NCLB and who pays, 2012, NEA). The state…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act Research Paper

… In addition, the results show wide variation in effectiveness among teachers. The immediate and clear implication of this finding is that seemingly more can be done to improve education by improving the effectiveness of teachers than by any other single factor." (p. 63)

Whether we are dealing with NCLB or other programs, the simple realities of contemporary society are that diversity abounds. For society to continue to evolve, not only must diversity be celebrated, but children (and parents) of all needs should be exposed to alternatives. Just as ghettoization was found to limit the opportunities of racial and ethnic minorities, segregation of children with special needs would only serve to enhance their differences. In addition, depending on the level of social or intellectual ability, segregation…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act. (Updated: 2009 Research Proposal

… ¶ … No child left behind act. (Updated: 2009, Oct 15). New York Times

The article summarizes the history of the "No Child Left Behind" act (NCLB), its original intent, support from the Bush administration and Senator Edward Kennedy, the bill's impact on improving education standards, its slide into discontent among teachers, and, finally, President Obama's stance on the bill and his probable action regarding retaining it.

During his 2000 presidential campaign, George Bush emphasized his strong support for a test-based educational system of accountability that:

"...calls for every state to set standards in reading and math, and for every student to be proficient at those subjects by 2014. Students in Grades 3 through 8 are tested yearly, and reports are issued as to whether…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Research Paper

… The scores reflect their hardships but do not make allowances for them. The current laws about education punish the schools that score poorly and this makes it so the teachers have to teach the test in a way. If we know what content will be on a test, then we make sure we put extra emphasis on educating the students about the stuff that they will be tested on to help the students pass the exams. This can be conscious or unconscious, but it happens. The problem with this is that when we have to teach to the test, it stops teachers from teaching material that is enriching, but may not show up on a form of assessment.

It can become all too easy as…. [read more]

Deaf Education Term Paper

… Deaf Education hearing impaired child is considered to be an unfortunate happening and the misfortune of the parents. It is not, however, so. In today's world, such impairment can be handled easily and the child can benefit from programs specially designed to help him or her and make them productive members of the society, and independent too. A hearing impaired child can learn, can communicate, and learn to enjoy life and the multitude of experiences it has to offer. (Eden, Introduction) The proper and appropriate education of a hearing impaired child is an issue that has most parents of these children confused and unhappy. The government offers the 'Free and Appropriate Public Education' system for them, and parents are advised to enroll their deaf children…. [read more]

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