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Role of Research Problem Research Paper

… Another benefit of quantitative research is that it eliminates bias and favoritism from the responses. The respondents are given specific choices to choose their answers from. Thus, they are bound to answer within the set boundaries or dimensions (Sandelowski & Barroso, 2007).

b. Challenges:

Researchers face a number of challenges when they conduct quantitative research. First of all, they cannot use quantitative research in social science, human psychology, and natural sciences because these fields require more subjective responses rather than simple 'Yes' or 'No' (Rubin & Babbie, 2011). Secondly, facts and figures used in quantitative research cannot be generalized with confidence as compared to qualitative research (Cooper & Schindler, 2013).

2. Role of the Research Problem in Choosing an Appropriate Methodology

The research problem for…. [read more]

Statistics in Research and Analysis the Experiments Research Paper

… ¶ … Statistics in Research and Analysis

The experiments, analysis and statistics-5

Uses of statistics in experiments and research-5

Tools of Analysis-7

Experimental Design-9

Common uses in every day life-12


This paper concerns itself with the use of statistics as a means and the important tool in research and analysis -- both in the scientific and social sphere. Statistics can be defined as a study of variability and enumeration. It tries to quantify and enumerate uncertain things in a scientific manner. That is because there is an element of uncertainty in all affairs of research and information processing. For example measurements made by scientists and other people are mostly uncertain in some way. One example cited by Kault…. [read more]

Mixed Methods Survey Research Research Proposal

… ¶ … Mixed Methods

Survey research has become increasingly popular in today's world, where the rapid development of technology has all but overtaken human consciousness. Many of the surveys in operation today are conducted with the help of technology or conversely with the purpose of enhancing existing technology. Surveys involve the collection of information by means of responses to questions (Chapter 8, n.d.). As such, it is a very effective method of collecting data from a broad spectrum of people. The largest survey research operation in existence is possibly the Census, where individuals are surveyed for a myriad amount of data, including their demographic, age, living conditions, income, and a number of other factors. This provides the Government and other officials with valuable data regarding…. [read more]

Childhood Obesity Research Research Proposal

… In the quest to get the credible information, there will be several online databases and search engines that will be utilized to come up with scientific data and social factors and evidence in handling the issue of obesity. Some of those internet resources will include Google scholar, Medline, Scopus, World Health Organization and UNICEF among others.


The menace of obesity is a serious concern in Saudi Arabia since the tremendous increase in the proportions of the people suffering from obesity brings it to the forefront as a health concern as well as a social concern that needs to be handled once and for all in order to help salvage the country from impending repercussions that the country faces. This can only be achieved when…. [read more]

Mixed Methods Primary and Secondary Research Research Paper

… ¶ … mixed methods; primary and secondary research as different research methods. The study identifies qualitative research as a research method that immense into the phenomenon to gain deeper understanding in the research interest. Qualitative research uses tools such as interview, focus group, and observation for data collection. However, quantitative research uses positivist approach to gain understanding in the research interest. Quantitative research uses instruments such as survey, and questionnaires to collect data, and a researcher is able to correlate mass of data to produce research findings. The shortcomings identified in both quantitative and qualitative research makes this paper to suggest mixed methods as other type of research method.


Research is defined as the systematic system of searching for knowledge to solve existing problems,…. [read more]

Numerical Research That Can Be Analyzed Essay

… ¶ … numerical research that can be analyzed in a statistical fashion. Quantitative research frequently -- although not exclusively -- deploys the scientific method whereby a hypothesis is tested in a controlled fashion. One group, the experimental group, is subjected to an intervention known as the independent variable while another, otherwise similar group, is designated the control group and not subjected to that variable. The dependent variable is the change or lack of change that results from the intervention, and the results prove or disprove the initial hypothesis. Quantitative research can also take the form of a survey or other instrument designed to collect raw data about a particular population.

In contrast, qualitative research is designed to explore the evolution of a particular phenomenon in…. [read more]

Mintzberg Management Interview Analyses Using Mintzberg's Ten Research Proposal

… Mintzberg

Management Interview Analyses Using Mintzberg's Ten Roles

Organizational theory and academic business discourse examine, amongst a host of other key organizational principles, the formal idea that leadership is an essential part of effective management, or, for that matter, an essential part of comprising an effective contribution to any working team. However, like many academic concepts which do not easily make the leap into real world applicability, this theoretical conception of leadership is just that, and in practice, this type of educational content and perspective is actually quite a bit less relevant than the curricula of formal education might argue. (Koskella, 2002; 1) While leadership is unquestionably an inborn talent that can be honed and improved, it is nonetheless an individualized talent and therefore both…. [read more]

Spotlighting Samplings 4 Qualitative Research Research Paper

… Magilvy and Thomas (2009) explain that "qualitative research data are usually text data, narratives, and stories told by people about their experiences recorded digitally, on tape, on film, or in photographs, or in notes taken by the researcher" (¶ 4). After being analyzed, described and explained, the ensuring retrieved data may offer a detailed account of the experience "as lived."

As explained earlier in the study, research design illustrates the entire research process from the first notion of the research problem, to creating the data, analyzing and explaining the findings and ultimately publishing the results. In addition to the phenomenology method, the survey method, the ethnography method, and the case study method, the methods the current study examines, research designs also include, however, may not…. [read more]

And Hospitality Industry Research Paper

… The elements that were regarded as most important in this revolution were: justice, which is referred to as adalah, freedom, which is referred to as hurriyah, dignity, which is referred to as karamah, and respect, which is referred to as ihtiram. (Moadde and Young-Demarco et al., 2012, pp. 1-25) The demands of the protestors included the following:

The authorities shall respect the rights of the individuals as a citizen of the country and shall not infantilize them and must not treat them as their subordinates. (Moadde and Young-Demarco et al., 2012, pp. 1-25)

Individual citizens shall be provided with a life of dignity and respect rather than a life in which they are humiliated by the public authorities and coerced by the security forces. (Moadde…. [read more]

Gender-Specific Therapy for Women Prisoners Research Proposal

… Our use of qualitative research will be used to buttress our hypothesis and narrow the question prior to studying the data quantitatively. For example, a focus group might be formed with the purpose of looking at a specific behavioral pattern based a single group or experience. The group makes judgments, remarks, and gives opinion -- all which are qualitative. We would then takes the qualitative data and uses it to form additional hypotheses and to develop a more quantitative approach to the problem. Typically, quantitative research uses larger samples that can be statistically analyzed and verified; while qualitative research uses smaller samples that may be used to generalize research. Our position will be based on time, budget, and approvals for an adequate data set (Cresswell,…. [read more]

Abundant Research Conducted on Humans and Animals Research Paper

… Abundant research conducted on humans and animals indicates selective attention as being helpful in reducing pain. Wall and Melzack's (1965) gate control theory implicates cognitive ability in controlling nocicieption. Since Melzack maintained that "specialized systems are involved in the sensory-discriminative, motivational-affective, and evaluative dimensions of pain" (Melzack, 1993, p. 21), Hackett and Horan (1980) attempted to isolate each of these three psychological dimensions: the sensory discriminative (SD), the motivational affective (MA), and the cognitive evaluative (CE) in an experiment conducted on eighy-one undergraduate females. They discovered that the sensory discriminative (SD) as well as the motivational affective (MA) were the most effective, whilst cognitive evaluative showed negligible results. Replicating parts of this experiment on twelve female adolescents using a hot tub, this study showed opposite…. [read more]

Sigma This Chapter Presents Research Methodology Methodology Chapter

… ¶ … Sigma

This chapter presents research methodology and data collection method through qualitative and quantitative research. The study combines both qualitative and quantitative method to enhance the reliability and validity of the research findings.

Qualitative Method of Data Collection

Qualitative research is the process of collecting data through in-dept interview, analyzing document and observation method. This study uses the in-dept interview and document analysis to collect data through qualitative method. Generally, qualitative research relies on the in-dept interview to collect data, and using the in-dept interview, the research collects data within the natural environment as well as immersing in the phenomenon. The qualitative in-dept interview that a researcher uses to collect data is to explore the research topic to answer the research questions as…. [read more]

Difficulties Empirical Research Is Necessarily Essay

… Although researchers working across the spectrum of social science fields differ in their definition of ethnography, "the important point about the concept of ethnography, regardless of one's language and terminological preference, is that the practice places researchers in the midst of whatever it is they study," (Berg & Lune, 2011) and it is this emphasis on immersion that differentiates it from other qualitative methodologies. In the early era of empirical inquiry, ethnography typically referred to the anthropologist's custom of travelling to far flung locales and living among the native population for an extended period to observer and participate in unrecorded social customs. An example of contemporary ethnography occurs, however, when a clinical psychologist visits a drug and alcohol rehabilitation center to conduct fieldwork, as the…. [read more]

School Closure Research -- Peggy and Brian Application Essay

… School Closure Research -- Peggy and Brian Scenario

It is always difficult to make decisions that involve closing public services, most especially when those services are public education. However, a fiscally responsible government must have guidelines and has promised to spend the public's dollars wisely. Our analysis revolves around Kingston, a small wheat belt town about 60 km from the nearest regional centre, Beeganup. Kingston is quite isolated but is able to communicate and receive regular transportation of freight, sundries, and other goods. The population is listed as just over 1,100, but almost half are residents on rural farms surrounding the township.

Unfortunately, the trend in Kingston is both a diaspora and decline -- the local weekly newspaper had to fold due to lack of…. [read more]

Social Science Research Evans Thesis

… Additional interviews infrequently yielded new themes (Guest, Bunce, & Johnson, 2006). Evans and Frank exceed that considerably.

Reliability and Validity-




Size of population, demographic make up

266 inpatients drawn from 562; median age 15

Valid statistically for amount, age, and income; over represented for Caucasian population

Comorbidity factors

Alcohol, substance abuse, and psychological problems

.87 to .97; lower (but expected) when compared to parental results

FISCA-SR (Functional Impairment Scale for Children and Adolescents)

Assesses functional impairment in 8 domains over a period of 3 months

Scores valid from .73 to .85 overall populations.

DEQ -- A (Depressive Experiences Questionnaire)

Measures self-critical and interpersonal depressenogenic concerns.

Validity high .86 for interpersonal concerns, lower .68, for self-critical concerns.

TRS -- A (Therapeutic Reactance Scale…. [read more]

Loans Envisioned Research Methodology Association Dissertation

… Mixed Method:

Mixed design research is an integrated method of study. It utilizes a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods. The mixed method of research is highlighted in Creswell &, Clark (2010).

Research design:

Research design delivers a road-map for stipulating procedural steps to be taken for assembly and analysis of desirable information which can be mainly categorized into quantitative and qualitative research. All of these models have their own merits and demerits. Additionally the scope of the study is also determined by the research design castoff in the study. The usage of quantitative research design is reinforced with the view that the researcher concentrates on the objective material which provides the study with a noteworthy level of reliability and validity. Along with that the…. [read more]

Domestic Violence Applied Research Project Essay

… (1997). The connection between domestic violence and welfare: Trapped in poverty, trapped by abuse. NCJW Journal, 20. (2): 22.

Stage Two: Forming Research Questions

The approach of this research study will be qualitative in nature. Qualitative research questions must be broad enough so that the subjects in question can be open about their thoughts and feelings. The central question will be: "what motivational factors inspire a woman to leave a situation of domestic abuse?" The responses of the women can be 'coded' for further analysis, such as whether the primary motivating factors were economic in nature (such as training for a new job); psychological (community support in the form of an intervention program or seeking outside counseling); or involved intervention by various members of the…. [read more]

Action Research Essay

… Instruments and/or apparatus. Four types of data will be collected for this case study research: (1) The academic scores of students in the science classroom undergoing study in the forms of pre-tests and post-tests; (2) Semi-structured interview data about the impact that video is perceived to have on the students' academic achievement; (3) personal accounts written by students about the perceived impact that integrated video is having on their learning; and (4) Direct observation of the use of integrated video in classroom lessons. The semi-structured interviews will generate qualitative data and quantitative data. The qualitative data will be in response to open-ended questions of a fill-in-the-blank nature. The quantitative data will be in the form of scaled responses to a 5-point Likert scale. Scaled responses…. [read more]

Setting With a Focus Research Proposal

… One EMS group had already completed the program, the other was preparing to do so.

The group that was preparing to do so, was more than willing to be part of a study, especially since the results of the study would help to determine how effective the training was perceived to be. This proved to be a useful coincidence.

After having discussed why certain methods were chosen, it is also to note why others were considered then passed on. Neither phenomenology nor ethnography would be appropriate for this type of research, given that phenomenology takes a relatively descriptive mode, merely describing a phenomenon, and there are undeniable political implications of the decision to embark upon a specific training program, in terms of the opportunity cost…. [read more]

Recidivism External and Internal Factors Research Proposal

… Recidivism

External and Internal Factors

What are the external & internal factors that contribute to recidivism and what interventions are effective in minimizing the impact of factors.

Recidivism is the tendency of the offenders to reoffend, once they are through with their term, and are back in the society. This effect has elicited a lot of controversy and divided opinion, between those advocating for longer sentences in the interest of public safety, and those advocating for shorter sentences with the belief that, the longer sentence will not reduce recidivism rate. This research paper aims to summarize the topic of recidivism, as seen through the three research methods of Quantitative, Qualitative and Mixed methods and also their strengths and weaknesses. Studies done indicate that, the effect…. [read more]

experimental non experimental and quasi experimental research Research Paper

… A true experiment is one that uses random assignment and which is also double-blind, meaning neither the researcher nor the participant is aware which participant is assigned to which group (Trochim, 2006). Moreover, a true experiment has both an experimental and a control condition. A quasi-experiment uses an experimental and control group but participants are not randomly assigned to each group. If there is no control group at all, then the study cannot be considered an experiment (Trochim, 2006). To measure the effects of either 'I don't' self talk versus 'I can't' self talk, the researchers assigned participants to one or the other experimental group. Without a control group that did not receive any self-talk directives, the studies cannot be considered true experiments. The field…. [read more]

Evidence-Based Practice Task A: Nursing Research Paper

… Keady, J., Woods, B., Hahn, S., & Hill, J. (2004). Community mental health nursing and early intervention in dementia: developing practice through a single case history. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 1357-67. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2004.01045.x.

The researchers use a case study of a Dementia patient in primary care intervention indicating the need for diversity of early intervention in dementia care for a community health nurse and psychiatric social worker. This diversity intervention treatment entailed collaboration with the families of the demented patient and proved successful in the case study.

Forrest, S.S., & Masters, H.H. (2004). Evaluating the impact of training in psychosocial interventions: a stakeholder approach to evaluation -- part I. Journal Of Psychiatric & Mental Health Nursing, 11(2), 194-201. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2850.2003.00708.x.

The research indicates that intervention approaches for…. [read more]

Geographic Information System (GIS) Research Paper

… In addition, those in affected areas through GIS can also get constant alerts and information on the status of the existing situation. The system has the ability to automatically contact each residence via telephone and with a customized message.

During a disaster GIS addresses task such as tracking vulnerable landmarks and transportation system. In this regard, GIS distributes spatial information across through the internet as critical security measure. Dependence on this system, leads to spatial information lifeline during emergencies. GIS also helps in gathering many environmental parameters that aid in short-term prediction during disaster known as hazard modeling. For instance, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) sea, lake, and overland surge from hurricane (SLOSH) model (Grif-th, 1986). Nonetheless, GIS helps in tracking hazardous…. [read more]

Construction Project Risk Management Research Paper

… Construction Project Risk Management

Objective of this course work is to explore the strategy to be used for the risk identification and risk management within the construction project. The study discusses risk identification, risk management, data collection and risk analysis. The study uses a case study to demonstrate the importance of risk management within the construction industry. The findings of the case study reveal that risk plan is critical before the project implementation. The risk plan will be used to identify the known and unknown risks during the project lifecycle and the method to manage these risks. The study suggests for further research on the risk management procedure within a complex construction project.

Project Outline


: Risk Management Requirements in a Construction Project/sub-project

:Risk…. [read more]

Intravenous Nursing Implementation of an Intravenous Medication Research Paper

… ¶ … Intravenous


Implementation of an Intravenous Medication Infusion Pump System: Implications for Nursing

The journal article title is, Implementation of an Intravenous Medication Infusion Pump System: Implications for Nursing. The title immediately makes one think that this article will discuss intravenous medication pumps in regards to nurses. Even though the title is clear, it does not offer the reader any information about the group being studied or the location of the study. In addition, the title does not refer to what the implications are for nursing in regards to the intravenous medication infusion pump and whether these implications are good or bad.

The abstract is in an excellent representation of the main points that are contained in it. The journal article's abstract is…. [read more]

Efficacy and Cost Effectiveness of Panic Disorder Treatments Is Internet-Based CBT an Equivalent Alternative Research Proposal

… Efficacy and Cost Effectiveness of Panic Disorders

The research design that will be utilized is the quantitative approach. This is when there is a focus on numerical figures and the impact that it is having on different individuals. These insights will be compared with the underlying trends that were identified from the literature review. This will help in understanding how Internet-based CBT is an effective alternative in treating these individuals and if this can reduce costs. Moreover, it will identify the strengths and weaknesses of utilizing these solutions. Together, these elements will enhance actuaries understanding of the problem and the best approaches for effectively dealing with them. (Pope, 2007)

What is the purpose of the study (exploration, explanation, description, or a combination)?

The purpose of…. [read more]

Market Structures in Detail Research Paper

… Monopolies on the other hand lie at the other end of the continuum, so that they become price setters. This they can do by either adjusting quantity or price itself. The strategy that the firms follow under this regime are that of optimal pricing, where the firm tends to produce where average costs are the lowest.

As far as firms in monopolistic competition are concerned, these too set prices competitively at the point where the MC equals the marginal revenue added. The price is determined by the average revenue curve, which is also the industry demand curve.

Looking at firms in oligopolistic competition, these firms set prices based on competitor's prices as well as the relative elasticity of their product. Prices at each point are…. [read more]

Human Resources Pay Package Employee Research Paper

… Part D: Specifications (Qualifications)

RNs must be licensed and certified according to the requirements of their state. This includes a minimal educational requirement passage of the National Council Licensure Examination or NCLEX-RN. This assures that the nurse meets at least the minimum requirements. In addition to educational and licensure requirements the nurse must be caring and sympathetic, responsible and detail oriented.

Part III: Job Evaluation

The four compensable factors used for this analysis are skills, working conditions, responsibility, and work complexity. Skills are defined as the mental and physical skills required to perform he job. For the RN, these include the ability to lift patients, stand for long periods of time and assist patients with diagnostic tests. Working conditions include long hours and the potential…. [read more]

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