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Nutrition Gastric Surgery Article Review

… Nutrition

Bariatric Surgery and Nutritional Consequences

The prevalence of obesity is on its way up and is often associated with a number of co-morbidities, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, sleep apnea, pulmonary dysfunction, ischemic stroke, knee arthrosis, gallbladder disease, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and certain types of cancer. Bariatric surgery has been shown to be the most successful long-term treatment for morbid obesity, reducing obesity-associated co-morbidities (De Luis et al., 2009). But for all the good that it brings it can lead to serious nutritional deficiencies in those who undergo it.

Biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) is a mixed and complex operation that has shown the best long-term results regarding weight loss. BPD can be considered a very good bariatric operation. It is well-known…. [read more]

Gastric Bypass Surgeries Essay

… Becker, Balcer, and Galetta (2012) discuss a number of potential neurological complications that can occur following bariatric surgery. These neurological complications can potentially occur as a result of nutritional deficiencies due to malabsorption syndromes produced by gastric bypass surgeries. Polyradiculoneuropathy (a syndrome that resembles Guillain-Barre syndrome) and encephalopathy (brain related syndromes) can be acute manifestations of vitamin B1 deficiencies and thiamin deficiencies. A particularly troubling syndrome known as Wernicke's encephalopathy may occur as a result of malabsorption syndromes associated with bariatric surgery. Long-term effects of thiamine deficiencies and untreated Wernicke's encephalopathy can lead to irreversible dementia. More late appearing symptoms such as myelopathy, myopathy, and peripheral neuropathies can be associated with certain B, E, and mineral deficiencies. Optic neuropathy can be associated with mineral and…. [read more]

Gastric Bypass Multiple Reports Term Paper

… He noted that gastric bypass is a significant intervention but that it can be an effective treatment for the morbidly obese.

Bock-Lopez (2001) notes that while gastric bypass surgery can be an effective treatment for morbid obesity, patients receiving this treatment need careful, long-term follow-up to maintain the weight loss and to manage any negative effects of the surgery. She notes that obesity is a growing problem in the United States and that it contributes to a wide variety of other medical problems including back pain, infertility and liver malfunction as well as the more commonly known ones such as cardio-vascular problems and diabetes. She notes that the traditional treatments for mild obesity, such as reduced-calorie diets, increased exercise, dietary and behavioral changes or medication,…. [read more]

Cost Effectiveness of Gastric Bypass for Severe Obesity Case Study

… Gastric Bypass

What significant findings and results did Craig and Tseng? (2002) identify in their study regarding the cost-effectiveness of gastric bypass surgery for severe obesity?

Craig and Tseng identified a number of key findings in their survey regarding gastric bypass surgery for severe obesity. The first was that they noted life expectancy does not change as a result of the surgery. Quality of life, however, does change as the result of this surgery. They also identify the costs of the procedure, allowing patients to conduct a cost/benefit analysis. They otherwise noted some of the obvious -- that QALY and life expectancy decrease with age in obese patients.

The authors actually do not make any particularly assessment of the cost-effectiveness. The provide outputs such as…. [read more]

Cynthia J. Barrow, 2002 "Roux-En-Y Term Paper

… Healthcare Risk Management, "No nutritional supervision: $75,000 arbitration award"

Gastric bypass surgery can also cause a lot of unwanted and often fatal side effects. The main problem with the surgical procedures is that the patient will not be able to get their required calories and nutrition from the food. Since the intestinal surface is greatly reduced, it will lead to a condition called a malabsorption, which in effect will reduce the nutrient intake by the natural systems of the body. Similarly, the patient also will be required to seek the help of a dietician and the patient must be very choosy and have the right food. Often patients who do not abide by a nutritional plan will often be malnourished. In addition, the patient may…. [read more]

Dietary Nutrition Analysis Assessment

… My challenges are the fact that the supplements taste horrible and I am tired a lot making it hard to get motivated. My tiredness is from the diabetes. I ride my bike 30 minutes at least 5 times a week, if not more. The bike says I burn 320 calories each time, give or take. My plate says I burn 916, but I do not believe it. I would like to incorporate a strength training program, such as lifting weights.

I could take my supplements on a schedule with juice or a spoonful of applesauce to cover the taste. My supplements could be taken on a schedule with meals and at bedtime, depending on how many times a day they are supposed to be taken.…. [read more]

Bariatric Surgery and Adjustable Gastric Banding Thesis

… Bariatric Surgery and Adjustable Gastric Banding

Obesity is certainly considered one of the most prevalent health problems in any of modern society. Despite an apparent reduction in calorie consumption, and an improved social comprehension of nutrition and exercise programs, the prevalence of obesity has been on the rise over the last several generations. This is understood to be primarily the result of an ever increasing sedentary lifestyle for children and adults. The condition of obesity has been closely scrutinized by both psychologists and physicians. For researchers, obesity can seem an enigmatical problem due to its complex and apparently diverse etiology. There is a need to create a verifiable animal model to assist in conducting more efficient and reproducible research in this area.

Despite extensive research,…. [read more]

Nutrition a Human Body Thesis

… Nutrition

A human body includes billions of beneficial bacteria. For some time, researchers have been finding that the microorganisms called "probiotics" may provide some of the same health benefits that the bacteria do in the body, such as helping with digestive problems and providing protection against harmful bacteria. Probiotics can be found in such foods as yogurt, fermented and unfermented milk, soy, and some juices, in addition to supplements. Researchers have been studying whether taking probiotics in food or supplements can help treat or prevent illness, including vaginal yeast and urinary tract infections, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), bladder cancer recurrence, intestinal infections, inflammation following colon surgery (pouchitis) and children's eczema.

In April, studies found that probiotic strains in general are safe for human consumption. Most…. [read more]

Personal Narrative on Gastric Bypass Essay

… Part of the reason behind that was to see if I was understood proper nutrition, even if I did not follow a proper diet. Another part of the reason was to determine whether I understood that I was overeating. Learning about proper portions is very important to someone who is going to undergo gastric bypass, because excessively large portions are generally the reason people have gained too much weight and/or cannot lose the weight they have gained. She also wanted to know about any family history of obesity, and why I really wanted to have the surgery. I told her I wanted to be alive for my wife and two young daughters. There has been obesity in my family, but my entire family is not…. [read more]

Weight Loss Term Paper


The United States has been criticized by doctors, researchers and government officials as being one of the fattest and unhealthy countries in the world. Our population currently faces numerous problems regarding health issues, weight loss, and now childhood obesity. Historian Harvey Levenstein (1988) contends that the most dramatic changes in the American diet occurred between 1880 and 1930. These changes were a result of many sociological factors and technological advances, including the development of the modern cooking range; the advent of new ways to preserve food; and the birth of our modern processed food industry. Levenstein (1988) also states that the greatly expanded food supply that resulted from the settling of the American West to be another factor, as well…. [read more]

Childhood Obesity and Nutrition Evaluation of Contemporary Term Paper



The purpose of this work is to evaluate the available treatments and preventions for childhood obesity and clarify the pros and cons of the most prevalent treatments being used by today's medical professionals. The National Institute for Health Care Management Foundation states that maintenance of a balance "between energy intake and energy expenditure is a critical factor in regulating body weight. The majority of obesity-related academic research, government funding, media attention and parental concern has focused on nutrition and dietary contribution to child and adolescent overweight." (NIHCM, 2003) According to the NIHCM Foundation the advantages of prevention of childhood obesity include: (1) the ability to maintain optimal metabolic physiology; (2) Applying prevention strategies at the populations…. [read more]

Obesity Term Paper

… Increased left ventricular volume and wall stress in addition to increased stroke volume and cardiac output are commonly seen in systemic hypertension in the obese more often than individuals who do not meet the definition. Long-term longitudinal studies, however, indicate that obesity as such not only relates to but independently predicts coronary atherosclerosis. Dilated cardiomyopathies, presumably with concomitant cardiac arrhythmias, may be the most common cause of sudden death in patients with severe obesity.

Metabolically, the condition puts the patient at risk for dyslipidemia, the reduction in HDL (the 'good') cholesterol and elevations in other cholesterol levels. This can cause the additional hardening of the arteries, and impaired glucose tolerance or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Insulin resistance and accompanying hyperinsulinemia are typically associated with these co-morbidities.…. [read more]

America Has Been Built Term Paper

… Additional research has shown that employers try to control the appearance of their workforce. This includes mandates on dress, grooming and other aspects of looks. Studies need to be done to determine if this desire to control the appearance of the workers including weight (Fowler, 2001).

Case studies have also indicated that the morbidly obese are discriminated against on a regular basis in the workplace. One woman who was a finalist for a sales position had more experience and a better sales record than the person she was competing against for the job. She did not get the promotion and was later told by a member of the decision making team it was because of her weight (Freed, 2003).

That hurt," said Weaver, now a…. [read more]

Healthcare Ethics -- Bearing the Cost Essay

… Healthcare Ethics -- Bearing the Cost of Gastric Bypass

Should insurance companies limit the cost associated with gastric bypass surgeries and other weight loss interventional procedure?

The question of whether or not insurance companies (or public resources) should have to bear the costs of gastric bypass surgeries and other weight loss intervention procedures depends substantially on the reason that the patient is suffering from obesity. That is not at all to suggest that the issue is cut and dry or easy by any means. About the only scenario where it is clearly justified for third-party payers to bear the costs associated with these procedures is where the patient had absolutely no role in the obesity problem. Whether the individual suffers from thyroid issues or more…. [read more]

Psychosomatic Conditions in Post Operative Bariatric Patients Versus Non-Obese Population Term Paper

… ¶ … obese patients have more psychosomatic illnesses following surgery than non-obese patients have. The writer explores research about psychosomatic conditions and obesity and then proposes a study including the methodology. The psychological aspect of psychosomatic illness will be studied using a case study method. The study will include participants who are obese as well as participants who are not obese. There were five sources used to complete this paper.

Obesity has been reported as an American epidemic. The most recent research on obesity statistics indicates that 65% of Americans are overweight. A large percentage of those are considered obese with a BMI of more than 30(Dahm, 2005).

Many diseases and health issues have been linked to obesity over the years. Heart problems, knee and…. [read more]

Fat Disorders Contrasting Approaches Essay

… The overall effect removes any trace of feeling or compassion for the subject, and keeps the reader emotionally removed from the author's academic discourse.

In part, Ricciardi and Meana are afforded the privilege of taking such liberty with the personalized depiction of their examples because their entire manuscript is based on the subject of obesity, while Grilo's work is effectively more comprehensive in its depiction of several eating disorders in addition to its analysis of obesity. Yet Obesity Surgery: Stories of Altered Lives, offers no such solutions for obesity, and makes it quite clear early on in the text that its authors do not advocate nor oppose gastrointestinal surgery as a corrective measure for this problem, as the following quote from its preface makes abundantly…. [read more]

Enteral Feeding Research Paper

… ¶ … Feeding Guidelines

The importance of nutrition within a hospital situation is critical to a patient especially one in Intensive Care. When a critically ill patient reacts to treatment with complications due to inflammation, infection, or organs that refuse to function, nutrition must remain stable to ensure the patient has homeostasis. Nutritional support for this type of patient has been downplayed in significance and considered only necessary to normalize hydration or enough fuel to maintain energy when the body is stressed. However it has been discovered recently that nutrition therapy can provide more than just adjunct support but allow increased immune function, enable the body to maintain lean muscle, and improve metabolic response (ASPEN, 2009). The entrance of enteral nutrition is required in critical…. [read more]

Low Calorie Restaurant in Chicago Term Paper

… Obesity affects millions of people every year because of the changing world, which makes things easier for individuals not to exercise. With that knowledge, it is apparent the changing world has also created ways to where people can get the fat removed by surgery, which is a major health risk. "Atul Gawande tells the story of Vincent Caselli, who underwent a gastric bypass to lose weight by surgically reducing the size of his stomach, thus making him physically unable to eat and absorb the nutrients from more than an ounce of food at a sitting. The statistics on the gastric-bypass procedure, the last resort of people who cannot shed weight in other ways, confirm the sharp rise of obesity in this country. According to the…. [read more]

Childhood Obesity and Nursing Considerations Research Paper

… Childhood Obesity and Nursing Considerations

Childhood obesity is quickly manifesting itself into one of the predominant health concerns of the decade. If childhood obesity remains on the exponential increasing trajectory that it currently holds then it will almost inevitably become an epidemic within the United States. The issue of childhood obesity has received such attention that First Lady Michelle Obama has embarked upon a national campaign to increase the healthy choices kids can select from at the lunch counter and has implored children to engage in increased levels of exercise.

According to the Centers for Disease Control, a child is considered obese if they are above the 95th percentile of the Body Mass Index (Berkowitz, 2009). Children are at risk of becoming overweight, according to…. [read more]

Obesity Programs: Why Education and Support Research Proposal

… Obesity Programs: Why Education and Support Are Keys to Success

Obesity: An Overview

Obesity is an excess proportion of total body fat (WebMD, 2008). An obese person's weight is 20% or more above normal weight. Obesity is typically measured by the body mass index (BMI), which concludes that an obese person has a BMI over 30. While it is dangerous to be obese, it is even more dangerous to be classified as "morbidly obese," which means that one is 50 to 100% over normal weight, more than 100 pounds and has a BMI of 40 or higher. Morbidly obese people have weight problems that severely interfere with their health or normal function.

According to the American Heart Association (AHA), obesity has many negative effects on…. [read more]

Obesity in America Introduction to Obesity Causes Term Paper

… Obesity in America

Introduction to Obesity

Causes and Effects of Obesity

Treatment and Programs for Obesity

Obesity Prevention: Conclusions and Recommendations


Introduction to Obesity

While it is common knowledge that many Americans are overweight, many people are surprised to hear that the number of people who are severely obese (at least 100 pounds overweight) has quadrupled since 1986, according to research (Gilles, 2003). Approximately one in every 50 adults is severely overweight. Results of a recent report indicate that severe obesity is not as rare as once believed.

Obese people have a high risk of heart disease (Texas Heart Institute, 2004). This is alarming when we consider than one-third of all Americans is obese. Recent studies have shown that obesity is linked to 280,000…. [read more]

Prebiotic Potential of Chitosans Essay

… ¶ … Prebiotic Potential of Chitosans

Prebiotic Potential Of Chitosan

"The favourable properties like biocompatibility, biodegradability, pH sensitiveness, mucoadhesiveness, etc.

has enabled these polymers to become the choice of the pharmacologists as oral delivery matrices for proteins"

(George & Abraham, 2006, Abstract section).).

In the study, "Polyionic hydrocolloids for the intestinal delivery of protein drugs: Alginate and chitosan- a review," M. George and T.E. Abraham (2006) discuss the contemporary challenge in the design of oral delivery of peptide or protein drugs. Consequently, as the majority of "the synthetic polymers are immunogenic and the incorporation of proteins in to these polymers require harsh environment which may denature and inactivate the desired protein" George and Abraham (2006, Abstract), pH sensitive hydrogels such as alginate and chitosan have…. [read more]

Disease a Major Health Issue Essay

… ). In 2007, in the United States 4% of men and 7% of women diagnosed with cancer were obese. There were a series of suggestions explaining the link between obesity and cancer. Fat tissue produces estrogen and in excess this can develop some types of cancer. Fat cells can have a direct or indirect influence in some tumor growth regulators.

There are a lot of causes that take to obesity developing. One of them is the lack of energy balance. Energy balance refers to the equality between the energy IN and the energy OUT. When the energy IN is bigger than the energy OUT weight starts growing. An inactive lifestyle is yet another cause of the obesity. Physical inactivity is very common among people all…. [read more]

Obesity Hispanic Population Essay

… The life expectancy of these people is also prolonged and they are able to lead a healthier life. People who are not suitable for the surgical intervention should be given other treatments.

Social Marketing

Social marketing can play a major role for the prevention and cure of obesity in the Hispanic population. More people need to get involved in this community-based problem so that they can target the specific populations in specific areas. People should be made aware of the hazardous impacts of obesity on their health. They should be given live demonstration so they know exactly what the therapists are talking about. Awareness campaigns need to be launched at a more extensive level. However, before all these awareness campaigns and social marketing strategies, it…. [read more]

Public Awareness and Human Diseases Term Paper

… Public Awareness and Human Diseases: Obesity

"Will Toucan Sam go the way of Joe Camel?" asserts a New York Times article exploring the new guidelines that the federal government has proposed that could change the way that the food industry advertises cereal, soda, various snacks, fast food meals, amongst other things (Neuman, 2011). This government initiative indicates that obesity is as dangerous to the youth of America as smoking, a truly alarming thing that is being expressed by the federal government. Though, it seems the obesity alarm being sounded by the government does not go without validity. According to the Center of Disease Control, between 1980 and 2000, obesity rates have doubled among adults, making 30% of the adult population in the United States obese…. [read more]

Diabetes Mellitus (Dm) Is a Family Essay

… Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a family of diseases that is typified by chronic hyperglycemia and the development of long-term complications. Decreased insulin action is characteristic of all forms of diabetes mellitus (Winter & Sognorino 2002). DM usually has its onset in individuals before the age of 25 years, where the essential abnormality is related to absolute insulin deficiency (Venes 2009). Diabetes is a systemic disease that has harmful effects on several organs with potentially devastating effects on a person's health (2002). In people with DM, there can be adverse effects on the retina, glomeruli, nerves, and arterial blood vessels. This can lead to high morbidity and premature mortality (2002). In general, DM is becoming more and more common in the United States as well as…. [read more]

Anatomy and Physiology Aspects of a Food-Related Social Issue Essay

… The food is then digested using the digestive juices in the stomach before going into the small intestine where it is broken down again through segregation and absorbed by the lymph vessels and blood vessels. In the large intestines, the waste is separated and channeled to the anus for defecation.

In teaching about digestion, it will be important to highlight the hormones that facilitate the release of digestive juices and other aspects of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract such as the regulatory mechanisms that exist. These regulatory mechanisms respond to stretch when the person swallows a huge amount of food and there are substrates that activate or inactivate digestive glands.

To answer this research question, the next aspect of anatomy and physiology that should be focused…. [read more]

Obesity Research Paper

… Dieting is also another foundation of handling obesity. Diet excellence can be enhanced by dropping the intake of energy-dense foods such as the ones with high fat as well as sugars, and by so raising the ingestion of dietetic fiber. According to Imaz I, Martinez-Cervell C, Garcia-Alvarez EE, Sendra-Gutierrez JM, Gonzalez-Enriquez J (2008), Anti-obesity medicine can be in use to decrease desire for food or slow down fat fascination jointly with an appropriate diet. In a case where diet, exercise as well as medication are never efficient, a gastric balloon may come to use purposely to help in drop of weight. A surgery may well be carried out to decrease stomach volume as well as bowel measurement lengthwise. This may bring about in advance satiation…. [read more]

Nursing Considerations in the Use of Feeding Tubes Essay

… ¶ … nasogastric tubes and PEG tubes? How does a nurse check placement for each?

A nasogastric tube is used to provide gastric intubation for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes through the nasal passage (Shlamovitz & Kate, 2015). The placement of nasogastric tubes may be an unpleasant experience for patients if they are not anesthetized properly and educated to remain cooperative with the nurse during placement (Shlamovitz & Kate, 2015). A nurse should check placement for a nasogastric tube as illustrated in Figure 1 and described below.

Nasogastric tube insertion steps

Placement is checked by the following steps:

Instruct patient to talk;

Inspect posterior pharynx for coiled tube;

Attach catheter tip syringe to end of tube and aspirate contents -- check color and pH; and,…. [read more]

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