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Ethics Consider the Three Purposes Term Paper

… However, virtue-based ethics stresses characters, rather than upon rules people should follow, like religious systems of ethics tend to, or even the notion of Kant's categorical imperative or utilitarian principles of majority goods.

Instead, virtue-based ethics stress helping people develop good character traits, such as kindness and generosity. Theoretically such character traits will, in turn, allow a person to make moral and selfless decisions later on in life, decisions that will benefit the vast majority of people yet still allow for some good actions that benefit the individual through the exercise of a moral good will, as well as the majority of all individuals. By instilling good characters within individuals, correspondingly negative character traits may be eschewed. Rather than asking the question 'what do I…. [read more]


Virtue Ethics Essay

… Virtue Ethics

Over the centuries philosophers have argued about the most ethical ways that humankind should interact with the world around them. Where, number of different theories have emerged to help guide everyone as to the most appropriate way to act within a society. In some cases, these theories have often been reliant on rules to set the most appropriate social norms. While at the same time, others have relied on instilling virtue and morals, as the best way for people to interact with the world around them. As a result, this has led to the creation of virtual ethics, as the most appropriate way for someone to live their life and interact within society. To fully understand how this form of ethics has helped…. [read more]


Greek Philosophy Essay

… Greek Philosophy: The Good Life

Today, the idea of the "good" may be applied to various components in life. Generally, the concept is accepted to refer to either something moral or pleasing. A good meal, for example, is pleasing to the senses. A good person is considered to be morally sound. When considering the idea of good, however, few would go very deeply into the idea of what exactly this constitutes. Most people assume that they have a relatively common concept of what "good" means. One might, however, reasonably question this assumption, especially in a world that has become increasingly integrated and accessible in terms of culture and communication. Indeed, more than ever before, it has become clear that concepts like "good" are flexible, depending…. [read more]


Ethics Words: 1,294 "Every Man Essay

… We are creatures of habit -- our future behavior can usually be predicted by our past behavior. And if we make a wrong choice, we try to convince ourselves it was right by making similar choices in the future; it's a way of easing the conscience we should have listened to in the first place. Lydia's conscience won't allow her to forget what Sophia, her boss, and coworkers would think of her character if they discovered her lie; she likely won't sleep as well at night and her self-esteem will suffer. So in fact her decision does have serious consequences that will extend into all other areas of her life. She has set the stage for a downward spiral in terms of self-esteem and character…. [read more]


Objections to Virtue Ethics My Ethical Philosophy Essay

… Objections to Virtue Ethics

My ethical philosophy could be said to be defined by what is known as 'virtue ethics' -- or the idea that a good person is more likely to make good ethical decisions, based upon his or her character. Character is more important than adhering to a dogmatic ethical system or engaging in the unpredictable activity of trying to predict every likely consequence of a specific action. Of course, some philosophers might object that the concept of virtue ethics is situational in nature, and is thus very similar to that of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill's utilitarianism, which advocates a consequence-focused ethical theory. However, virtue ethicists do not focus on consequences alone: they do stress the need for a moral decision-making…. [read more]


How to Approach Animal Welfare Ethics Term Paper

… In other words, for Francis to be able to appreciate God's creation, he also had to rely on others for support in taming nature and ruling over it'and that meant using animals for human purposes.
In conclusion, today's issue of animal welfare ethics puts the question of whether animals should be used for testing or for consumption in a position where philosophy must be used to understand the problem. Contextually speaking, the issue is one that can easily be answered by alluding to the deontological position recommended by Kant, in which the differences between man and animals allows for the correct duty of man towards animals to be discerned. Mankind owes a duty of care to humankind that precedes man's duty of care to animals;…. [read more]


Ethics and Legal Considerations Term Paper

… 49);

q. "All laboratories conducting clinical genetic tests should be accredited by a body designated by the relevant authority, based on standards it considers appropriate" (Bioethics Advisory Committee, 2005, p. 51);

r. "Interpretation of clinical genetic test results should only be performed by healthcare professionals who are appropriately qualified or have sufficient experience. As far as is practicable, genetic counseling should immediately follow the disclosure of the test result, particularly if the test result is not favorable" (Bioethics Advisory Committee, 2005, p. 52);

s. "Genetic counseling should be offered to all individuals before and after they undergo clinical genetic testing" (Bioethics Advisory Committee, 2005, p. 55);

t. "Genetic counseling should generally be conducted in a nondirective manner and should provide sufficient information and appropriate support…. [read more]


Kantian Ethics Essay

… Kantian ethics is premised on what ought to be done. It is grounded on reason, a rational calculation of decisions and actions geared for the common good. In this context the common good is predicated on natural law, a set of rules whose universal character of what is right cuts across cultures.

Kant stated that human action is an exercise of reason. Along these lines, reason plays a necessary part in the realization of whatever ends are proposed to us by our empirical natures, i.e. By our experience of objects as providing us with incentives to act. To the extent that we pursue such ends -- ones determined by what Kant calls inclination -- reason does not set any ends of its own. It is…. [read more]


Ethical Debates Surrounding Stem Cell Research Thesis

… What follows is a brief description of the primary types of human stem cells that have captured the interest of scientists, clinicians, ethicists, policymakers, and religious organizations.

Fetal stem cells. The most controversial stem cells are those derived from human embryos, but in contrast to adult stem cells, these are truly pluripotent and therefore have captured the attention of biologists and medical scientists interested in understanding human development and how these cells could be used to treat and possibly cure disease (Blow, 2008). ES cells have been derived from discarded embryos generated during in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments (National Institutes of Health, 2002). Typically, multiple oocytes are fertilized during IVF procedures and only a select few are transferred to the womb. The remaining fertilized embryos…. [read more]


Utilitarianism the Fall Term Paper

… Utilitarianism

The Fall of Utilitarianism or Is Ignorance Bliss?

The fundamental dictum of Utilitarianism is the moral, ethical and even divine altruism that human beings are supposedly capable of. Unfortunately a dependence on the virtue of altruism is often revealed as only a thinly disguised motive for personal gain in some form or another. While Blanche DuBois often depended on the kindness of strangers, she often did not make out very well, and most of those strangers that offered assistance usually wanted something in return. While the pleasure principle is certainly an operational force in the destiny of every animal on the planet, human beings included; there is no grasping for higher more noble pleasures, as Mills would have us believe. These are the grand…. [read more]


Plato's Metaphysics Research Proposal

… ¶ … Validity of Plato's Theory of Forms

Plato's theory of forms combines previously devised concepts and theories of science, of the Sophists and of Socrates. I intend to show that the amalgamation of these previously mapped principles lends enough credibility to Plato's theory of forms to make it valid. While there are certain points of contention to be made, as is so with any theory, Plato's insights into the metaphysical universe are, on the whole, convincing.

Concepts Derived from Science, Sophists and Socrates

Scientific Support for Plato's Theory of Forms

At the core of Plato's theory of forms are the dichotomous issues of permanence and transcendence. These dual states of existence can, according to Plato, only be reconciled by the human mind by dividing…. [read more]


Plato Aristotle and the Funeral Oration Term Paper

… Plato Aristotle Pericles

Although the organization of the Greek city state of Athens is often idealized in modern culture as being the birthplace of democracy, the truth is that many major figures in Greek history objected to the Greek form of government. Classical democracy, as it is known, was perhaps most eloquently endorsed by Pericles in his "Funeral Oration," and documented by Thucydides. Yet perhaps the two most influential figures in Greek history, Plato and Aristotle, viewed democracy as an unjust or corruptible way to run a society. Whereas Plato objected to democracy upon largely theoretical grounds arising from his conception of justice, Aristotle believed that justice was not the only concern in forming a society but that practical stability was also a key requirement.…. [read more]


Aquinas and Descartes the Discourse Term Paper

… The classical argument for dualism is made by Rene Descartes ... In his Meditations (first published in 1641). Descartes was writing during the very first stirrings of what was later to become the Enlightenment. Natural (experimental) science was beginning to emerge and was differentiating itself from magical and religious ideas. Descartes (though a religious man) wanted to contribute to this. He was aware that his thought, and that of his contemporaries, was hindered by prejudice. He wanted to eliminate this prejudice and establish certain foundations for knowledge. (The Argument for Mind/Body Dualism)

He embarked on his method of radical doubt and denied everything that was not without absolute certainty. This also included perceptions about the world and body. The method of doubt also extended to…. [read more]


Daoism Philosophy Essay

… Asian Philosophy: Daoism

Daoism, is the first religion of China. Religion, as is generally understood the world over, in practicing certain tenets, following rituals, belief in a particular philosophy and all that constitutes a religion. However, in its narrative as in practice, Daoism is a vastly different tradition of the Chinese people. It is a way of life, or better still, it is a way of looking at life. Daoism is wholly rooted in China. In the western world, Daoism is known as Taoism, which is the equivalent translation of the original Chinese word. The most appropriate way of explaining Daoism is to understand the meaning of Dao- it is the 'way' (the right way) or the 'path'. The meaning imbibed in it is that…. [read more]


Compare and Contrast the Differing Definitions of Critical Term Paper

… ¶ … integrating critical as well as thinking. But several earlier conceptualizations try to concentrate primarily on the process of thinking and avoid its important qualifier, i.e of critical. Hence they tend to give over importance to the process of thinking and reduce the importance of critical aspects. Encouraging and facilitating the process of critical thinking of students is now being considered as an increasingly significant objective for higher education. Analyzing the element of critical thinking of students is important for estimating its progress. (Cheung; Kwan; Yue, 2002) Those whose education have not trained them to deal critically with issues as well as conflicts are in fact not being enabled to interact efficiently with other people, whether be it be the same or varied from…. [read more]


John Grierson the Documentary Film Developed Term Paper

… John Grierson

The documentary film developed alongside the narrative film, though largely during the sound era. It was shaped most profoundly during the 1930s as filmmakers began to record sociological an anthropological studies of different populations. Some of the early films were treated much as narrative films were and were widely released in theaters, achieving some popularity. In the early 1930s, this included such films as Nanook of the North and Moana, both by Robert Flaherty. These films were different not only because they presented real people in real situations but because they were filmed on real locations and not in studios. The silent film had sometimes gone outside the confines of the studio, but the advent of sound tied the camera to the soundstage…. [read more]


Right to Life Essay

… Autonomy is also dishonored when people are pushed to do things against their will. This clearly explains why using an individual for another's gain is wrong; and so same rule applies in Baby Theresa's case too. Transplanting Baby Theresa's organs would be "using her" in every moral sense and it is wrong to kill one person to save another person's life.

Capital Punishment

Most recent facts and evidences suggested that capital punishment has a considerable deterrent effect, putting a stop to as many as eighteen or more murders for every death sentence. However, these evidences have greatly disturbed moral objections to the death penalty, as it means that a refusal to compel that penalty actually convicts numerous people to execution since among them are also…. [read more]


Philosophical Perspective Action: I Decided to Attend Essay

… Philosophical Perspective

Action: I decided to attend college, and obtain my undergraduate degree.

Risk: First, there is the opportunity cost of the income I could earn at a full-time job. I will be less financially stable when I am in college and potentially a greater burden on my parents if I emerge after four years, in debt, and unable to support myself.

Justification: Even if the economy is uncertain at present, in the long-term I am likely to get a better job if I attend college.

Defense or Foundational Knowledge: I want a job that is emotionally satisfying. Going to college and obtaining a degree is likely to get me a job that is better-paying and also more meaningful and intellectually challenging, than if I…. [read more]


Christian Biotechnology: Not a Contradiction Term Paper

… So in this area, it is relatively simple to analyze the use and importance of this field of research. Transgenic crops have proven to be vital food source for both economic and humanitarian purposes, while transgenic animals are quickly proving to be just what the meat, milk, and egg industry need to increase profits and production. Christians everywhere should be in support of biotechnology and genetic modification in food production, as this has the potential to erase world hunger and improve corporate profits all at once.

Genetically modified (GM) crops are safe and proven in the field. Scientists are not just tinkering with DNA for fun -- GM crops are being created that are far superior to traditional hybrid strains in hardiness and resistance to…. [read more]


Just and Unjust USA War Against Afghanistan Term Paper

… Terrorism

There are a number of ways to interpret terrorist attacks in the modern world. The Bush administration has chosen a particular perspective that is intended to justify the employment of the United States military as a tool for rooting out terrorism in general. However, there are many difficulties with the logical backing for such a position; the way terrorism is understood, and the sources of terrorism have been largely misconstrued. Many people have put forward criticisms of the White House's outlook -- some from particularly visible individuals -- and an equal number of alternative approaches to terrorism have been offered. but, fundamentally, terrorism needs to be understood as a means of waging warfare; usually adopted by those who possess significant strategic and militaristic shortcomings.…. [read more]


Nietzsche: Genealogy of Morality Term Paper

… Nietzsche



Yes, Nietzsche committed a genetic fallacy by tracing the origin of goodness entirely and intrinsically from the claim and invention of nobles, the situation of slaves and historical events that pitted them together and ruled out universal empirical and categorical imperatives on what is true and good, all the while grounding his anti-Semitic bias on the misdeeds of both nobles and slaves.



Nietzsche argued that goodness was merely a fabrication made by nobles who ascribed all physical, social, intellectual and moral qualities to themselves exclusively and distinctively from those whom they considered inferior, such as common people and slaves. He thought that virtue or goodness was performed only for some useful or utilitarian purpose and that it could…. [read more]


Animal Experimentations Thesis

… Animal Rights - Animal Experimentation

THE ETHICS of ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION

Since the dawn of medical science animals have been used for the purposes of testing hypotheses before risking human health and human lives on untried new technologies. It makes perfect logical sense to do so, but the process is susceptible to moral criticism for subjecting captive animals to disease, discomfort, and often death, exclusively for our benefit. Certain types of scientific uses of animal subjects are justified, even at the animal's expense. Still, the most equitable balance of all the interests and ethical issues involved requires a multidimensional perspective instead of characterizing all animal experimentation right or wrong absolutely. Discussion of the Issues:

Human beings have hunted and raised domesticated animals for food and raw…. [read more]


Milton Friedman Term Paper

… ¶ … Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase its Profits" by Milton Friedman, a lot can be learned about the beliefs regarding business ethics of some people in the early 1970s. According to Friedman, businessmen are preaching socialism when they speak of improving social conditions and the need of businesses to be serious about their responsibilities of providing employment, ending discrimination, and avoiding environmental harm through means of reforming the business world. These are, in fact, socialist concepts, although business majors from universities across the nation will claim these are concepts of the free enterprise system alone. Friedman finds it to be ridiculous to refer to the responsibilities of business, as businesses and corporations are only artificial people and will therefore only have artificial…. [read more]


Analzying Christianity and the Torah Dissertation

… Christianity and the Torah



History of Christianity



Basic concepts in Christian theology



History of the Torah



Christianity and the Torah



Torah observance at the Table 130



The Significance of the Torah to Christian in modern day 134



It is the Powerful Word of God 134



It Leads Christians to Jesus the Messiah 136



It Deals with the Questions of Life 139



What we Understand about The Law 141



Interpreting and Applying the Law 143



Suggested Christian approach towards the Torah 144



Identifying what the specific law…. [read more]


Impact of the Epistle of Paul to Philemon on Slavery Dissertation

… ¶ … Epistle of Paul to Philemon on Slavery

This paper will be focused on the Impact of the Epistle of Paul to Philemon on Slavery. The paper will start off (chapter 1: introduction) with an overview of the historical context in which slavery has existed over the years in the world. The historical context will be taken from the Americas, the Roman Empire as well as the theological and religious content available. The purpose of the introduction being designed this way is to provide the reader with a general idea of how slavery was structured during the time Apostle Paul had written to Philemon. The second chapter will be the literature review where the first few pages will give more insight on slavery as…. [read more]


Pro-Physician Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia

The debate about Euthanasia is an ancient one but it has acquired a new relevance in recent times as advances in medical science have greatly extended human life-spans and it is now possible to sustain life for indefinite periods through artificial means. A closely related issue is whether it is ethical for physicians to assist in their patients' suicide in order to relieve their pain and suffering. Seemingly weighty arguments have been advanced both for and against the issue, but the debate still remains unresolved. A closer scrutiny of the pro and con arguments, however, reveals that the case against physician-assisted suicide does not carry sufficient weight and it is, in fact, a humane act which should be allowed in all…. [read more]

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