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Organizational Theory and Behaviour Essay

… Organizational Theory & Behaviour

Organizational Theory and Behavior

Organizational Culture, Ideologies, Reform and Efficiency

The modern day business environment is under incremental pressure to satisfy the mutating needs of its many categories of stakeholders. This basically means that they have to offer high quality products and services at competitive prices, treat their employees in a fair and stimulating means; obey all legislations; ensure social and environmental responsibility and so on. Most of these new efforts are organized under concepts of organizational culture, ideologies, reform and efficiency. Yet, it is interesting to identify if these concepts have any link to the classic theories of economics and organizational behavior.

A first source to study in order to offer an answer is constituted by Brian R. Fry's Mastering…. [read more]


Organization Theory and Behavior Term Paper

… ORGANIZATION THEORY & BEHAVIOR

As we are entering the era of globalization, the world is changing, the technological page is much faster, the wealth of rich countries is slowly distributed to poorer countries, which in turn become consumer and/or production markets with high potential and last, but not least, the way of doing business is taking a big turn to 180°. As these changes take place new sciences, such as organizational behaviour, are developed. Their objective is to study the companies' behaviour and draw conclusions that may help other companies fit better in the ever changing environment - both internal and external.

Change Management

Change management is intended to structure the change phenomenon in people, societies and organizations as a transition process from one phase…. [read more]


Organization Theory and Behavior Gender Research Paper

… By considering all of these diverse perspectives, contemporary organizations ultimately reflect many of the components that are accounted for in social science theory.

Gender actually plays a fairly significant role in the roles and the facilitation of those roles within modern day organizations. Although some progress has been made in this area, there are still a number of disparities that exist between men and women in professional organizations, particularly those that are part of the public sector. In fact, one may defensibly argue that purported notions of gender equality make it actually more difficult for female workers in organizations, since there is a rubric of neutrality which cleverly hides the fact that conceptions of managerial leadership are still measured in largely masculine terms.

The differences…. [read more]


Organizational Theory #2 What Core Essay

… Revolutionary change, therefore, can often mean providing something new to customers.

Three ways to implement revolutionary change are reengineering, restructuring, and innovation (Jones, 2010). Reengineering involves the fundamental rethinking and radical redesign of business processes to achieve improvements in critical measures of performance such as cost, quality, service and speed. Restructuring is a process by which managers change task and authority relationships and redesign organizational structure and culture to improve organizational effectiveness. It can involve tactics such as downsizing or leveraging technology to improve performance. Innovation is the process by which an organization uses its skills and resource to develop new goods and services or to develop new production and operating systems to better respond to the needs of customers. Innovation is one of the…. [read more]


Organization Theory and Behavior Research Proposal

… Organization Theory and Behavior - the MOVE Situation

In order to properly analyze the MOVE case, its evolution, and the
factors that influenced the development and finalization of the case, it is
necessary to briefly summarize the MOVE situation as it took place. The
MOVE group began its history in the early 1970s in West Philadelphia. The
group's headquarters were located in the Powelton Village Section.
This group was favored by its location in the vicinity of two
important college campuses. The tolerance of the community in which the
group activated favored the development of MOVE. In the beginning of the
group's history, MOVE was characterized by quarrels with landlords, as the
group members did not pay their bills. Their lifestyle had started to
become…. [read more]


Organizational Theory #1 Create Essay

… Unity and balance can come from the right combination of differentiation and integration of the organization's operations. Subdivisions and functional departments each concentrate on a particular aspect of the business and therefore must be coordinated to produce a formal structure. Mechanistic structures are designed to cause people to behave in predictable ways. Organic structures promote flexibility and quick responses to changing conditions. To be successful organization must strike a balance between these two (Jones, 2010).

Differentiation is not limited to large organizations, but it can play a more important role in larger organizations because of their complexity. Ultimately, differentiation is good for any organization since it defines roles and tasks. Integration pertains to the overall coordination of those tasks to reach company objectives. Span of…. [read more]


Organizational Theory and Behaviour Essay

… Organizational Theory & Behaviour

Organizational Theory & Behavior

The Impact of Gender on Bureaucracies

The world has evolved significantly throughout the past decades and evidence in this direction is not only obvious relative to globalization or technological advancements, but even in terms of human relations, treatment and rights. Major advancements have as such been made relative to the historical discrimination against certain groups, such as the representatives of the female gender. While the clearly stated stand is that men and women play an equal part in public offices and that entrance on such position is not limited by gender characteristics, the actual situation indicates the opposite. Camilla Stivers (2002) finds that discrimination against women continues to occur within public institutions on grounds such as a…. [read more]


Organizational Theory and Behavior Thesis

… Organizational Culture:
Management, Gender Differences and Navigation of the Public Sector

The success of a business depends largely on the tenor set by its
ownership, management and personnel in concert with the goals of its
mission and the administrative nature of its operation. This shapes what
is known as a company's organizational culture. Such is the general tone
in which communication, production and innovation are fostered, either to
the achievement or failure of desired outcomes. A positive organizational
culture is one which thrives on the strength of a shared motivation, an
evident team effectiveness and a core of leaders that is qualified and
respected. These conditions make a company both a functional business and
a potentially rewarding place to work. For its employees, the opportunity…. [read more]


Organizational Theory and Public Management Term Paper

… S. organizations of all kinds. To be sure, in a highly capitalistic society, the views of Marx are not likely to be embraced or valued to a high degree -- however; it is difficult to negate them entirely. Yet, culturally, the concept of power as defined by Weber as well as Freud continues to be reflected in the organizational models of today. Understanding this concept of power and authority allows one to better understand the components of organizational efficiency -- bounded by culture as it is.

Bibliography

Adler, Yael. "Organizational Behavior and Freud." Vault. 2001>http://www.vault.com/nr/newsmain.jsp?nr_page=3& ch_id=402& article_id=18863& cat_id=2071< (22 February 2005).

Burrell, G. And G. Morgan. Sociological Paradigms and Organizational Analysis. London, Heinemann. 1979.

Denhardt, Robert B. Theories of Public Organization. Fourth Edition. Wadsworth Publishing.…. [read more]


Organization Theory Management Term Paper

… Organization Theory

Management Theory

Management, in general, has become a sine qua non-matter for today's development of activity of any kind. Given the complexity and importance of activities nowadays, it is imperative to use management related issues in dealing with these activities and all they comprise. Hence, one can observe the importance of management in general and of organization in particular. However, without a strong theoretical basis, one cannot apply management processes on a successful level.

Robert Sutton and Barry Staw have brought their contribution to the management literature, by studying organizational behavior mostly, and by expressing their opinion on what management theory is, what it is not, and what it should be. In their 1995 book entitled What Theory Is Not, the authors agree…. [read more]


Organizational Theory: Strengths and Weaknesses Research Proposal

… Organizational Theory: Strengths and Weaknesses of the Modernist, Symbolic-Interpretive and Postmodern Perspectives

Organizational theory, or the theory of how individuals function within formal and informal groupings, has undergone several paradigmatic shifts: from the classical or modern systems theory style of analysis, to the symbolic interpretive paradigm, to postmodern theory, although all of these ideas continue, to some extent, to influence managerial practices in business and public organizations. The modernist or classic theory of organizations came about partially as a result of the ideas of Max Weber and Karl Marx. It views modern bureaucracies as a product of industrialization and the need to organize, classify, and negotiate the complexities of urban life. Industrialization requires organizations to be standardized, mechanized, and impersonal, and proceed according to objective…. [read more]


Organizational Theory 'There Is a Thin Line Term Paper

… Organizational Theory

'There is a thin line between innovation and imitation in entrepreneurship.' Discuss this statement using perspectives from organization theory.

Innovation and imitation are both important propellers of economic development in different business sectors. The main difference between the two is probably represented by the legitimacy of each notion: innovation is creativity and inventiveness, while imitation is simply copying what somebody else has produced or has promoted. There is a middle way, imitation with improvement and development and this is probably more common throughout the business world. Rather than investing huge sums of money in research and development, one may prefer to take an existing idea and develop it to a degree to which it is viable, feasible and can maximize profit for the…. [read more]


Organizational Theory Organizations Environment Essay

… A critical difference between resource-dependence theory and population ecology models are that in the latter, groups of industries and their development are studied, rather than individual firms.

Finally, institutional theories of firm development stress that organizations have relatively durable models of behavior which are fixed and unalterable. Enactment theory stresses the role of the individual in shaping organizational actions: what seems to be the result of an institutional structure is often, when analyzed more closely, not a product of bureaucracy but of individual circumstances that change over time (Hatch 2006: 85).

What are some of the enacted features of your organization's (U.S. Postal Service) environment and the ways these features are displayed or perceived that might be consistent with one of the perspectives (contingency theory)?…. [read more]


Organizational Theory Is Creativity Term Paper

… While there is something to be said for a highly regulated and structured systemization of task assignment and completion, today's technologically-advanced society is predicated on continual creativity. As the prevailing research on the subject has revealed, "being creative is intrinsically rewarding, but it also can be hard work & #8230; (so) creativity is enhanced when members of an organization feel that what they are working on is important" (George, Jones & Sharbrough, 2002). The process of developing a viable innovation, proposing this idea to one's superiors, and having the improvement implemented throughout the organization is supremely rewarding for nearly all employees, from educators to engineers. The benefits do not extend solely to the employee, however, as companies stand to gain a significant edge over competitors…. [read more]


Organizational Culture Theory Research Paper

… Strong and good working relationships between the employees in a bureau are beneficial (Gormley 2008). The strong relationships ensure that there is competence and effectiveness in performance of the employees.

Political support is crucial for any bureaucracy to thrive. Political stability and support are the main determinant factor that will enable a bureaucracy to thrive in its activities. Political support enables the bureaucracy to work without any hurdles. This ensures that the bureaucracy works with ease. Political support enables the bureaucracy to receive help and assistance from politicians (Gormley 2008). Political interference is the main factor that leads to the collapse of bureaucracy. Negative working relations between a bureau and politicians are a negative factor that will make the bureau not to function accordingly.

Good…. [read more]


Organizational Psychology Productive and Counterproductive Essay

… It involved observing and recording systematically the employees' behaviors. Archival data is another popular method of studying behavior. In organizational psychology archival data is most prevalent when comparison is made to other observational methods. This is mainly because there is an absolute abundance of sources that are available to researcher from archival data.

In applied social research, the method known to be most important is survey research. It has a broad area that includes the basic questionnaires, asking direct questions to respondents, determining respondent's behaviors, attitudes, and personalities. Surveys are mainly used when gathering a wide variety of information and they use interviews or questionnaires.

Use of organizational psychology in organizations

Using the various research methods available, an organization can use organizational psychology to establish…. [read more]


Anthropology Organizational Theory and Behavior (Three Answers Essay

… Anthropology

ORGANIZATIONAL THEORY and BEHAVIOR (three answers out of 10 possible):

Four types of reinforcement are: one, "positive reinforcement" (praising someone for doing a good job); two, "negative reinforcement" (taking away a privilege from a teenager to stimulate him to meet agree-upon responsibilities); three, "punishment" (in order to lessen a behavior there are sanctions); and four, "extinction" (taking something away).

Organization rewards give employees incentive to go the extra mile. Employee Benefits Magazine (January 16, 2007) mentions "engagement" as a reward category. Engagement amounts to giving employees more benefits if they show enthusiasm for the product they are sharing with guests. Another example of organizational rewards is "discretionary empowerment" in the workplace; employees are trained to use their own discretion in making customer service decisions…. [read more]


Classic of Organization Theory Classical Research Paper

… This occurs at both at an external and an internal level. Regarding the latter, the U.S. military is what enables common civilians to have access to means of achieving their needs -- including those that are physiological, regarding safety, belongingness and love, esteem and self-actualization -- since the military offers protection of the way of life found in this country. Of the former, there are both positives and negatives associated with the implementation of these same needs.

One of the most salient positives is the fact that the military believes in maximizing the potential of all of the individuals that comprise it. This degree of self-actualization is a goal of the collective branches, and is one of the boons for everyone who is involved in…. [read more]


Management -- Organizational Theory Article Critique

… Management -- Organizational Theory

The article by Chieh-Peng Lin (Modeling Corporate Citizenship, Organizational Trust, and Work Engagement Based on Attachment Theory) is published in the Journal of Business Ethics (2010). This article delves into corporate citizenship and how to develop trust within an organizational environment. Lin posits that if more individuals in an employment environment could embrace a "work engagement" those individuals could avoid "burnout" and "low performance" (Lin, 2010, p. 517). Moreover, employees that embrace a "work engagement" approach would mean that those individuals would be furthering the interests of their organization (Lin, p. 517). Work engagement is defined by Lin as a "positive, fulfilling, work-related state of mind" that is characterized by "vigor, dedication, and absorption" including a very strong identification with their…. [read more]


Organizational Philosophy at Work: Technology Essay

… In the era of the digital media revolution, technology becomes a new and improved asset in the effort to maintain and demonstrate ethical standards in the workplace. In the 21st century, digital and technological aids are more so a staple in education for young people, adults, and professionals. Without ethical standards as part of an organizational culture, that organization would be reckless and unproductive.

When Human Resources uses technology to set up and manage ethical standards in the workplace, that department should make sure that the technology does not replace their presence or their responsibilities, but is there to support them. This keeps Human Resources professionals motivated and feeling needed and to have a human presence in a technological demonstration is key because humans provide…. [read more]


Organizational Behavior Joe Salatino (Revision) Case Study

… The other theory is the operant condition, where the individual learn and adopt voluntary behavior. The implications and influence of the theory to the surroundings made voluntary behavior to be referred to as operants (Hellriegel & Slocum, 2007, pg 98). Managers can influence this behavior due to the availability of consequences. For instance, if Joe increased the salary abruptly, then most of the employees would change their behavior, because of motivation. The consequence of work is pay. This is a tool most managers use to change the employee's behavior.

The last and most commonly used theory is the social learning theory. This was the theory to be implemented by Joe to help govern his company. According to the theory, people observe others and tend to…. [read more]


Organizational Change in the Public Capstone Project

… These eight factors affect the outcome of results of change organizational levels during the change process.

This discussion also considers each factor as potentially leading to the successful implementation of change or improving implementation process. Conclusively, in spite of what some researchers might view as the coherent nature of these determinants and suggestions (Saarinen & Tinnila, 2002).

Factor 1: Need for change

It is the role of managerial leaders to authenticate and convincingly address the need for change. Research shows that the discharge of intended change usually requires that leaders confirm the need for change and plead with other members of the organization and significant external stakeholders that it is indispensable (Richards & Rodrigues, 1993; Middlemist & Hitt, 1988, Walters, 1990; Abramson & Paul, 2001).…. [read more]


Organizational Behavior Q's Classical Theory Is Concerned Thesis

… Organizational Behavior Q's

Classical theory is concerned primarily -- perhaps even solely -- with the organization of work, employees, and resources in a way that maximizes efficiency and thus profitability. Max Weber was one of the progenitors of this theory; he saw society as a whole as an organized structure with constituent parts in constant communication and adjustment with each other; this is primarily how this theory views business organizations as well. Behavioral theory, in contrast, asserts that certain learnable behavioral traits, especially in leaders, determine motivation and productivity. This theory places the burden of profitability on individual behaviors rather than on overall organizational structure (though neither individual behavior nor organizational structure are necessarily excluded from consideration by either theory; it is more a matter…. [read more]


Organizational Reframing Program Four Frames Research Paper

… It is like a cycle that an organization is in fit then the contingency factor changes and the organization goes into misfit this should be followed by the adaptation process so that the organization goes into fit again.

Structural Contingency Theory in Human Resource Management

The structural contingency theory deals with every individual in the organization the whole combine workforce and that's what human resource is concerned with the whole workforce of the organization. The human resource department is responsible for keeping the morale of each and every individual high so their performance graphs should also move upwards. This department is responsible for sorting out the disputes between other departments and keeping a healthy environment in the organization, it also has a job to make…. [read more]


Organizational Psychology Businesses and Organizations Essay

… In 1973, Organizational was added, creating the Division of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP History, 2012). The purposes of the field of industrial and organizational psychology have remained relatively the same, and the field continues to grow and evolve at the present.

Organizational psychology is closely related to two fields: social psychology and organizational behavior. Organizational psychology combines research and practice methods from social psychology and organizational behavior, as it focuses on both the emotional and motivational side of work (Landy, & Conte, 2009). Similar to organizational psychology, social psychology studies how an individual's behaviors, feelings, and thoughts are influenced and affected by the presence of others. Organizational psychology focuses these concerns into the workplace setting, and also addresses such areas as attitudes, fairness, motivation,…. [read more]


Organization What Is an Organizational Essay

… An organization that is designed from a scientific management perspective thus has many levels and many ways to distinguish among those levels.

The term ideal bureaucracy may strike some as an oxymoron because the term bureaucracy is often used as a codeword for organizational inefficiency and administrative inflexibility. In reality ideal bureaucracy simply represents one idea or theory of how human activity should be organized. Most attribute the development of ideal bureaucracy to Max Weber, who is generally credited with being one of the pioneers of the macro side of organizational psychology. Weber, as you may recall, wore many intellectual hats and made contributions to history, economics, political science, and sociology during his lifetime. In Weber's time, there were few organizations in the form that…. [read more]


Organization Analysis Analysing Organisation Essay

… The conversion of inputs into outputs is how any company's main task gets accomplished and the company design is usually around this tasks Wijnhoven, 2003.

Therefore each department within the company gets its design from its specific subtask. A company has integrated and yet differentiated units that are based on these three factors technology, time and geographical location. Reduction in the number of conflicts is achieved if the departments are integrated and differentiated effectively within the company and thus the company effectively gets its design around the main task Zorab & Lloyd, 1995()

As all the departments within Compulyzed Telecommunications will be integrated and differentiated there will be fewer conflicts between the various employees in these departments. Conflicts within Compulyzed Telecommunications arise from the fact…. [read more]


Organizational Theory the Theoretical and Practical Issues Term Paper

… Organizational Theory

The theoretical and practical issues that continue to lead the discourse of organizational theories are presented in this analysis, concentrating on how the forces of compliance, offshoring and outsourcing, the pervasive influence of the Internet on transparency and speed of communications, and the lack of trust between managers, subordinates and throughout organizations all are influencing the development and use of organizational theories. Underscoring all these factors is the need for organizations to abandon their hierarchical and by definition, inflexible structures for more agile organizational structures based on solid theory. The intent of this paper is to evaluate and analyze these factors from the perspective of why organizations need to be transformed from their hierarchical, inflexible structures into more agile organizations capable of responding…. [read more]


Organizational Personality Citizen's Hospital Essay

… The organization is in serious need of psychological and physical design change to enhance productivity and worker emotions. In the hiring process, the human resource management should consider aspect of mental and physical abilities of applicants. Personality, interpersonal skills, and emotional intelligence should also be considered to determine good fits between employees and the organization.

Where there will always be issues with satisfaction, performance, rewards, and motivation, the psychological aspect should consider how to best meet patient needs with a uniform team approach with safety for all in mind. Where the organization has high expectations on patient safety, employee safety should also contain high expectations. The safety first should consider all stakeholders, including employees and visitors, not just patients.

The organization should design a commitment…. [read more]


Organization Management the Walt Disney Essay

… Putting the future at hand and analyzing the outcomes and expectations, to mitigate the organization from tremendous losses and tarnished image (Barry, 2009).

Employees and customers are the major strengths of the organization, as the customers are the consumers of products and services, and employees are obliged to ensure customer satisfaction through efficient and quality service providing. The management therefore is not supposed to assume the potential of employees in growing the business, or killing it completely. Where there is a dire need for replacement of workers, due to inefficiency during work, then it is fair to demote and get better-qualified personnel to work towards the organizations goals.

Planning, leading, organizing and controlling (PLOC)

The mentioned elements are all related to the strategic management of…. [read more]

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