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HRM Organizational Behavior, Theories Essay

… " (2007) In the rest of this section, I consider how the various high-performance work practices are logically consistent with the ideas from an organizational behavior perspective."(Pfeffer, 2007) Jangla (nd) states:" An organizational goal is the desired state of affairs." (nd) The framework of organizational behavior forms a construct upon which the entire organizational culture, mind-think, principles, mission, vision, goals and outcomes rests upon and this dictates the behavioral characteristics of the organization in such a manner that is spread throughout the various and diverse layers of the organization. For example, Wal-Mart has become a price leader by concentrating on the bottom line for the customer and the organization which is quite simply getting the most for the money or the biggest bang for the…. [read more]


Defining Organizational Learning Essay

… Management Theory

Organizational Learning

In the business community, learning is much more than just a manner in which to create the future that is desired. In today's quick-paced, highly aggressive work world, it may in fact give a company the edge it needs to survive and thus keep fulfilling its purpose. Organizations flourish to adjust incessantly to external conditions as well as highlight internal hierarchical decisions that are needed for change. Therefore, organizations persistently tend to balance the learning process between equilibrium and evolution in order to achieve success (Chatterjee, 2010). Organizational learning necessitates systematic incorporation and collective interpretation of new knowledge that leads to collective action and involves risk taking as testing.

Systems behavior is affected by environment with both internal and external factors…. [read more]


Organizational Development and Change Essay

… ¶ … organizational change and development in the military organization. Globalization and the advancements in the modern technology has had an impact on the organizational structures and processes which means that the organizations need to respond to these changes by making adjustments and changes in their organizational models.

Murrell Kenneth in "New Century Organization Development" has mentioned the core components of the organizational development. There are five core components: Community, Spirit, Wisdom, Work and Transformation. The first two components are related to the emotional aspects of the organization. The "Spirit" of the organization has a lot to do with the development of the organization because it is something that sets up the mood in the organization. "Community" is the component of organizational development which gives…. [read more]


Organizational Change in the Public Capstone Project

… These eight factors affect the outcome of results of change organizational levels during the change process.

This discussion also considers each factor as potentially leading to the successful implementation of change or improving implementation process. Conclusively, in spite of what some researchers might view as the coherent nature of these determinants and suggestions (Saarinen & Tinnila, 2002).

Factor 1: Need for change

It is the role of managerial leaders to authenticate and convincingly address the need for change. Research shows that the discharge of intended change usually requires that leaders confirm the need for change and plead with other members of the organization and significant external stakeholders that it is indispensable (Richards & Rodrigues, 1993; Middlemist & Hitt, 1988, Walters, 1990; Abramson & Paul, 2001).…. [read more]


Management Theories and Philosophies Term Paper

… Management Theories and Philosophies

Royalco Resources Limited (Royalco) has been engaged in the management of the resources based on the royalties and the exploration of mineral tenements that are located in the UK. The business established in the year 1929 to manufactured the mining appliances for diverse mines around the United Kingdom. Royalco Resources Limited survived the world war through numerous recessions (Boyett & Boyett, 1998-page 34). The organizations adopted the hybrid of the classically and scientifically managed the theory for a couple of years, this has been proved to be successful with the popular processes that have not yielded the growth of reputation through the surrounding areas. The financial rewards are perfect as the workers provide the efforts through the achievements of the endeavors.…. [read more]


Management Theories to Be Used in Deploying Quality Improvement and Organizational Change Thesis

… Management Theory

Effective Management Theories for Deploying Quality Improvement and Implementing Organizational Change

The large number of management theories that currently exist in practical use and in the academic literature is a testament to the increasing diversity of management needs and recognized potentials for different strategies and perspectives during the increasingly volatile world of business. Not al theories are as applicable in all situations, and while some may hold up better overall no management theory is truly comprehensive to the exclusion of all others. Depending on the specific goals, both immediate and long-term, of a given organization, as well as the current situation within that organization, different management theories and perspectives can be of greater or lesser use and appropriateness.

Two specific purposes for which…. [read more]


Organizational Theory #2 What Core Essay

… Revolutionary change, therefore, can often mean providing something new to customers.

Three ways to implement revolutionary change are reengineering, restructuring, and innovation (Jones, 2010). Reengineering involves the fundamental rethinking and radical redesign of business processes to achieve improvements in critical measures of performance such as cost, quality, service and speed. Restructuring is a process by which managers change task and authority relationships and redesign organizational structure and culture to improve organizational effectiveness. It can involve tactics such as downsizing or leveraging technology to improve performance. Innovation is the process by which an organization uses its skills and resource to develop new goods and services or to develop new production and operating systems to better respond to the needs of customers. Innovation is one of the…. [read more]


Organization Behavior Contemporary Issues Essay

… Similarly, the second approach, "Participation and Involvement" discusses the importance of employees' role in the organizational development and innovation process. By following this approach, organizations can not only bring the required change effectively, but can also improve the level of motivation and commitment of their employees. Further, the managers can improve the skills and capabilities of their subordinates through facilitation and support in the change management process. These new skills can also help them in the long run in their day-to-day tasks. The fifth change approach, "Negotiation and Agreement" is also effective when organizations give equal importance to their change strategy as well as to their industrial relations.

Weaknesses:

Converse to these strengths of the model, there are certain weaknesses which resist organizations to follow…. [read more]


Organizational Behavior Q's Classical Theory Is Concerned Thesis

… Organizational Behavior Q's

Classical theory is concerned primarily -- perhaps even solely -- with the organization of work, employees, and resources in a way that maximizes efficiency and thus profitability. Max Weber was one of the progenitors of this theory; he saw society as a whole as an organized structure with constituent parts in constant communication and adjustment with each other; this is primarily how this theory views business organizations as well. Behavioral theory, in contrast, asserts that certain learnable behavioral traits, especially in leaders, determine motivation and productivity. This theory places the burden of profitability on individual behaviors rather than on overall organizational structure (though neither individual behavior nor organizational structure are necessarily excluded from consideration by either theory; it is more a matter…. [read more]


Organizational Behavior Joe Salatino (Revision) Case Study

… The other theory is the operant condition, where the individual learn and adopt voluntary behavior. The implications and influence of the theory to the surroundings made voluntary behavior to be referred to as operants (Hellriegel & Slocum, 2007, pg 98). Managers can influence this behavior due to the availability of consequences. For instance, if Joe increased the salary abruptly, then most of the employees would change their behavior, because of motivation. The consequence of work is pay. This is a tool most managers use to change the employee's behavior.

The last and most commonly used theory is the social learning theory. This was the theory to be implemented by Joe to help govern his company. According to the theory, people observe others and tend to…. [read more]


Organizational Change the Burke-Litwin Model Essay

… This represents a significant barrier to change in the U.S. Army. The best way to initiate change in individual work groups to affect their climate is through changes to leadership of those groups, but also with changes in the systems and structures that govern how those groups operate. It also helps to have an impetus for change.

Thus, creating motivation is another important variable in the model with respect to instigating change in the U.S. Army. Primacy is given to the mission of the organization and the strategies it undertakes. Arguably, motivation for change will not exist until members of the organization see that the change supports the mission. Any change that is viewed as compromising the mission will be rejected, since the stakes (lives,…. [read more]


Management as a Profession Essay

… (aim.com.au) Finally, the Asian Association of Management Organisations (AAMO) a collective of national management professional organisations which include 17 member nations including Australia, Cambodia, Hong Kong, India, Japan, South Korea, Macau, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mongolian, Nepal, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Taiwan, offers particular information and networking among members regarding professionalization of management, further education and trends in the region. The organisation is a leader in the region, particularly for their work in developing the capability index (the basis for the earlier AU research data) which clearly develops those core elements or as they put it, major drivers in management capability to provide profitable business growth or other defined success in non-companies. The eight major drivers with corresponding rankings are: Visionary & Strategic…. [read more]


Organizational Failure That Caused the Fall of Enron Term Paper

… Organizational Failure That Caused the Fall of Enron

The fall of Enron shook up the business society from its roots. This large magnate had been able to embezzle millions of dollars, to risk the savings of individuals and to jeopardize the stability of the firm -- and up until the end, to lie about it. A question is being posed relative to the possibility of organizational behavior theories to have predicted the fall, or at least to have explained it in the aftermath.

The specter of organizational theories is extremely vast and it basically includes efforts to explain the elements which impact the behavior of individuals and groups of individuals within an organizational climate. In other words, "organizational behavior (OB) is the study and application…. [read more]


Organizational Behavior Study Guide Chapter Term Paper

… Organizational Behavior Study Guide

Chapter 2 Study Guide- the high performance organization

High performance organizations deploy Total Quality Management strategies that are customer-responsive, as South West Airlines did in regards to keeping cost low, despite the expansion of the company. It knew what its customers desired, and continued this effective 'brand strategy.' Yet the company also responded to its employee's needs for flexible and challenging jobs, and treated employees with respect. Also, organizationally it was cost effective, as from the Southwest's organizational hierarchy was flat and lean, comprised of CEO, department heads, managers, supervisors, and employees and thus responsive to the challenges faced by the airline industry after 9-11 that leveled so many other businesses.

Global Dimensions of Organizational Behavior

Wal-Mart initially had difficulty deploying…. [read more]


Human Resources Managing Organisational Culture Dissertation

… d).

Understanding of organisational culture and cultural types also helps the understanding of why managerial reforms may impact differently within and between organisations. An organisation with a predominantly internal process culture, for example, may be more resistant to reforms aimed at promoting innovation. It is expected that staff in high uncertainty avoidance cultures to be more concerned with rule-following and more reluctant to risk changing jobs - both factors of some importance for those reformers who want to deregulate bureaucracies and encourage more rapid job change in the public service'. Businesses in both the private and public sectors have come to understand that organisational change frequently requires changing the organisation's culture and learning (O'Donnell & Boyle, 2008).

Whatever the purpose and performance results of culture…. [read more]


Organizational Culture and Sustained Competitive Dissertation

… This study will survey a number of organizations in a variety of industries in an attempt to find consensus in the strategic application of organizational cultural concepts.

This study will not result in a unified definition of culture, competition, or competitive advantage that will apply uniformly to all organizations in every situation. However, it will serve in the development of criteria that organizations can utilize to help determine the characteristics of their own organization and how they can be used to an improve the sustainability of their organization. This research will play an important role in the development of processes for analyzing and developing an organizational culture that maximizes the organization strengths and minimizes its weaknesses. It will examine the state of knowledge in organizations…. [read more]


Organizational Dynamics of Coffee Essay

… The structure of any organization gives the primary template that help secure the continuation of the norms, culture, values philosophies and informal activities that part and parcel of the organization.

Duncan (1979) in his Article," What is the Right Organization?," argues that all organizations are undergoing change. These changes move from matrix to horizontal and finally to virtual according to An and Daft (2006).

There exist two general theories that are used to design the structures of organizations. First is the universalistic approach commonly called the standard hierarchical design? This approach is based on the belief that that there is only one way that best suits all the organizations during the structuring process the situations and prevailing conditions notwithstanding. This approach is also base on…. [read more]


Organizational Change Theory Article Review

… ' But by sharing information between the newspapers, a high level of quality is maintained that is mutually beneficial for all of the participants in the network.

Companies that thrive must also know what type of change is required by the market environment. While sometimes small, sustained changes can be beneficial, at other times companies must take radical efforts to outpace competitors, like the upstart contact lens company CIBA Vision, when it strove to challenge pharmaceutical behemoth Johnson & Johnson. It launched "six formal development projects, each focused on a revolutionary change. Four entailed new products, including daily disposables and extended-wear lenses, and two involved new manufacturing processes. In a controversial but necessary move, he [the CEO] canceled dozens of small R&D initiatives for conventional…. [read more]


Management Organizational Structure Essay

… This form of organizational structure can be observed in various departmentalization discussed in this paper. Brews and Tucci (2004) explains that the strategic business units can be created basing on geographical lines or product lines. In the figure 4, the strategic business unit is based on geographical area.

Conclusion

Organizational structure as explained by Brews and Tucci (2004) is the way the organization is organized according to leadership of the organization. There are several factors that determine the structure of the organization; they include size, industry and objective of the organization. Accordingly, there are several organizational structures that can be formed. They include divisional organizational structure, which have several departmentalizations, which allows the organization to be divided in small management units depending on their functions…. [read more]


Management Principles Management Leadership Model Term Paper

… There is a pre-assumption that the leader's traits existed before leadership and most of them failed to approach the study of personality. Several studies aiming at identifying some of the leadership traits reveal that most of the traits were unimportant compared to other traits (Dereli, 2007). In this context, some scholars have argued that the failure to outline leadership traits should account to the lack of measurement and comparison of data from the many studies conducted. Some of the recent studies utilized measurement procedures focusing on managers and leaders.

Behavioral Theories of Leadership

The lack of tracing important leadership traits urged scholars to explore the behaviors exhibited by specific leaders. Behavioral studies of leadership primarily aim at identifying behaviors that distinguish leaders from non-leaders. These…. [read more]


Management Theories Are They Different and Do They Work Thesis

… Management Theories

Over the last several decades a number of different management theories have emerged. This is in response to the changing nature of business, where many organizations that were once the pinnacle of their industry face number of long-term issues. These different issues can take a profitable company and over the course of time work like a cancer. As it will slowly eat away at the culture, profitability and competitive advantages that a company once had. This can cause many organizations to fall into the precarious situation of seeing a sizeable decline in market share. Once this occurs, many in management will often wonder how their organization was able to find themselves in such a situation. Where, their once loyal customers will begin utilizing…. [read more]


Organization Theory Management Term Paper

… Organization Theory

Management Theory

Management, in general, has become a sine qua non-matter for today's development of activity of any kind. Given the complexity and importance of activities nowadays, it is imperative to use management related issues in dealing with these activities and all they comprise. Hence, one can observe the importance of management in general and of organization in particular. However, without a strong theoretical basis, one cannot apply management processes on a successful level.

Robert Sutton and Barry Staw have brought their contribution to the management literature, by studying organizational behavior mostly, and by expressing their opinion on what management theory is, what it is not, and what it should be. In their 1995 book entitled What Theory Is Not, the authors agree…. [read more]


Organization Management for Any Business, Whether Government Essay

… Organization Management

For any business, whether government, nonprofit, or profit, it is essential for managers to have an understanding about the theories of management. The most prominent theories applicable in this situation are the Scientific Approach, Bureaucratic, and Modern Theory. These theories have a unique emphasis in delivering a proven system for Planning, Organizing, Leading, Coordination, and controlling an organization (Shchermerhorn, 2011).

In this light, VDOT was ineffective because it lacked the proper management. An organization is more likely to succeed under a chain of command with a clear mission. Critical organizational changes that managers can take to address VDOT situation is to focus on addressing the organization's division of labor, levels of authority, impersonality, rules, guidelines, and provide a careers based on longevity (Shchermerhorn,…. [read more]


Organizational Leaders Produce Results Through Emotional Intelligence Thesis

… Organizational Leaders Produce Results Through Emotional Intelligence

Organizational Development deals with various aspects of workforce management including motivation theories, leadership, hire and fire, and employee training. With the constant ongoing evolutions in the current corporate scenario issues related to employee motivation, hierarchal levels, delegation of responsibility and decentralization of the organizational sectors have attracted a great deal of debate from various circles of the management sciences discipline (Bennis 1969). Management of human resource is therefore a tricky job and therefore requires an effective leader in order to deal with the pertaining issues.

We know that leadership is the demand of the day. Everybody aspires and struggles to get to a high position in big organizations. We should remember that today, organizations do not want managers…. [read more]


Managing Across Cultures 30 Essay

… Managing Across Cultures

Business management strategies are changing rapidly as the domestic and international business environment is converting into a big challenging of functioning beyond boundaries. In this regard, managers are playing vital roles in dual capacities. On the one hand they are business managers and developers who need to achieve their goals important for the growth of the bank. On the other hand they need to manage the operational processes effectively (Stringfellow, n.d). The recent global changes in the regulation and competitive structures are making positions even more complex. The ability of managers now cannot be judged on the basis of what are the quantitative results and achievements but what now is more important is to maintain high quality of work with a motivated…. [read more]


Organizational Culture and Leadership Research Paper

… Org Culture Leadership

Leadership, Learning and the Dimensions of Organizational Culture

Organizational theory and academic business discourse examine, amongst a host of other key organizational principles, the formal idea that leadership is an essential part of effective management, or, for that matter, an essential part of comprising an effective contribution to any working team. However, like many academic concepts which do not easily make the leap into real world applicability, this theoretical conception of leadership is just that, and in practice, this type of educational content and perspective is actually quite a bit less relevant than the curricula of formal education might argue. (Koskella, 2002; 1) While leadership is unquestionably an inborn talent that can be honed and improved, it is nonetheless an individualized talent…. [read more]


Organization Theory and Behavior Term Paper

… ORGANIZATION THEORY & BEHAVIOR

As we are entering the era of globalization, the world is changing, the technological page is much faster, the wealth of rich countries is slowly distributed to poorer countries, which in turn become consumer and/or production markets with high potential and last, but not least, the way of doing business is taking a big turn to 180°. As these changes take place new sciences, such as organizational behaviour, are developed. Their objective is to study the companies' behaviour and draw conclusions that may help other companies fit better in the ever changing environment - both internal and external.

Change Management

Change management is intended to structure the change phenomenon in people, societies and organizations as a transition process from one phase…. [read more]


Organization Decision Making Term Paper

… TOC Logic, when applied to the many process problems within the organization, is capable of actually identifying the real problems that are in fact restricting or hindering the organization from achieving its various goals, and also from thinking and analyzing the problem, and developing apt solutions to them, in a manner that would befit the organization. The Theory of Constraints can also find out exactly why the numerous individuals who are actively involved in the decision making process of the organization are not actually carrying out and implementing the changes by themselves. (The Theory of Constraints)

However, it must be remembered that there is in fact no one best method in which to run an organization; there can any number of ways, but the management…. [read more]


Organizational Theory #1 Create Essay

… Unity and balance can come from the right combination of differentiation and integration of the organization's operations. Subdivisions and functional departments each concentrate on a particular aspect of the business and therefore must be coordinated to produce a formal structure. Mechanistic structures are designed to cause people to behave in predictable ways. Organic structures promote flexibility and quick responses to changing conditions. To be successful organization must strike a balance between these two (Jones, 2010).

Differentiation is not limited to large organizations, but it can play a more important role in larger organizations because of their complexity. Ultimately, differentiation is good for any organization since it defines roles and tasks. Integration pertains to the overall coordination of those tasks to reach company objectives. Span of…. [read more]


Organizational Behavior in a Competitive Term Paper

… In fact, there are companies that put HSE issues ahead of business and even profits. These companies consistently strive to improve the image of legitimacy among shareholders, public and the government by setting and implementing very high HSE standards.

They consciously invest resources and manpower to achieve these high standards and look for ways and means to improve the standards and practices, although this may not result in tangible profits. Shell and British Petroleum have very comprehensive HSE policies, rules and requirements, which has to be complied not only by employees but also by suppliers, contractors and service providers. Since the petroleum business is globally very competitive and highly regulated by governments for safety and environmental protection, other oil companies, whether medium or small, are…. [read more]

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