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Auditing in the Public Sector Term Paper

… Auditing in the Public Sector

Good governance demand accountability and transparency in the management of public resources. The diverse nature and size of government expenditure make public sector auditing necessary and indispensable. Auditing is the examination of the financial statements of an organization in order to express independent and objective opinion on whether the statements give a true and fair view of the company. In auditing, the auditor must be free from any interference, or bias that can impair the opinion given to the stakeholders. With the increased demand by the public to make their government and specifically the executive answerable for their financial use, the office of the auditor general plays an immense role Rittenberg, Johnstone and Gramling 266.

The government and its bodies…. [read more]

Formation Organizations Factors Influencing Essay

… All the cases and procedures are studied, measured, and quantified according to the confirmations of the technique used. Besides, the usability of the design item, and the longevity of the system in order to have a genuine organization formation process are also tested. Moreover, quantification responded to the nature and effectiveness of the methods and procedures involved in designing the organization formation and system matter. Quantified scales are established and recorded for future organization formation processes (Information resources management association & Khosrowpour 2006, p. 89). This was done so that succinct measures would have been developed to cater for possible risk occurrences.

Features of the employment contract I would advise my next employer to include in my next contract

Conception: the organization formation activities are…. [read more]

Organizational Culture and Sustained Competitive Dissertation

… This study will survey a number of organizations in a variety of industries in an attempt to find consensus in the strategic application of organizational cultural concepts.

This study will not result in a unified definition of culture, competition, or competitive advantage that will apply uniformly to all organizations in every situation. However, it will serve in the development of criteria that organizations can utilize to help determine the characteristics of their own organization and how they can be used to an improve the sustainability of their organization. This research will play an important role in the development of processes for analyzing and developing an organizational culture that maximizes the organization strengths and minimizes its weaknesses. It will examine the state of knowledge in organizations…. [read more]

Audit Quality and Agency Research Paper

… All of these play a major role in minimizing the chances of such occurrences of errors in the audit report. But sometimes these incidents do not only happen because of mistakes of the human nature. The auditors might provide such misleading information deliberately and knowingly. They can do this to avail benefits for themselves by colluding with the management, thus becoming involved in a fraud or scandal. This gives rise to the concern of improper auditor independence, the effects of these on the audit quality, and the issues of trust and confidence in the auditors by the shareholders.

The Enron and WorldCom Scandals

History has proved that this is not only a myth as there have been cases, most recently that is, that have witnessed…. [read more]

Organizational Theory #2 What Core Essay

… Revolutionary change, therefore, can often mean providing something new to customers.

Three ways to implement revolutionary change are reengineering, restructuring, and innovation (Jones, 2010). Reengineering involves the fundamental rethinking and radical redesign of business processes to achieve improvements in critical measures of performance such as cost, quality, service and speed. Restructuring is a process by which managers change task and authority relationships and redesign organizational structure and culture to improve organizational effectiveness. It can involve tactics such as downsizing or leveraging technology to improve performance. Innovation is the process by which an organization uses its skills and resource to develop new goods and services or to develop new production and operating systems to better respond to the needs of customers. Innovation is one of the…. [read more]

Resolving Organizational Culture Issues Situational Essay

… In order to improve morale and productivity, management must change the way that managers criticize their employees. Specifically, there must be a logical basis for criticism based in the failure to follow objective processes or directions. Conversely, if management hopes to improve the office culture, employees must never be criticized for decisions or actions that they could not have known were improper in advance. Most importantly, undesirable results of decisions or actions can never be the basis for criticism if the decision or action in question was approved or otherwise considered appropriate at the time it was made. To allow management to criticize employees after the fact as a result of circumstances that were not reasonably attributable to any mistake or fault of employees completely…. [read more]

Organization Structure ROWE Model Essay

… The new structure therefore matches the strategy that has been set up by the Best Buy team since there has been a significant drop in the employee turnover as well as a significant performance increase among the people who use the clockless model within Best Buy.

The effect of this new structure on the span of control is such that the control of the employee way of doing business for the company is highly controlled by them and not by the managers or supervisors of the company. The concept is that the employee has a significant number of hours per day to himself and he is to manage that time to ensure he is adequately taking care of the company interest apart from doing his…. [read more]

Auditing Standards in Australia Term Paper

… Auditing Standards in Australia

The objective of this work is to examine Auditing Standards in Australia.

This case study conducts an examination of the Auditing Standard in Australia and specifically the 'Auditing Standard ASA 200' published in April 2006. The Auditing Standard ASA 200 is issued by the 'Auditing and Assurance Standards Board'. The purpose of the 'Auditing Standard' is to: (1) set out the objective of an audit of a financial report; (2) to require the auditor to comply with relevant ethical requirements relating to audit engagement; (3) to require the auditor to conduct an audit in accordance with Auditing Standards; (4) to require the auditor to comply with each of the Auditing Standards relevant to the audit in determining the audit procedures to…. [read more]

Organizational Behavior -- Research Paper

… Organizational Behavior -- Case Study

Organizational Background

Under the Inspector General Act of 1978, every United States federal agency and federal program is subject to the oversight of an inspector general (IG) with appropriate jurisdiction (CULS, 2011; Edwards, Wattenberg, & Lineberry, 2009). Generally, the office of inspector general (OIG) monitors compliance with applicable federal rules, laws, and regulations, in addition to conducting financial audits to ensure that federal funds allocated to federal agencies and to programs under their jurisdiction are spent appropriately as intended by their respective programs (Damp, 2007). Generally, the IG of each agency maintains it headquarters in Washington within the headquarters of the agency and varying numbers of regional and field offices elsewhere throughout the nation, depending on the size of the…. [read more]

Audit Quality and Agency Research Paper

… Additionally, financial company policies are measured against legislation from agencies such as the Internal Revenue Service to make certain that the policies are within the confines of current law (Vrettos, 2010).

The second role auditors play within modern audit theory is that of the traditional financial review. This role has barely changed in the past 400 years with regard to its purpose, although the measures necessary to complete the task have changed. Internal auditors will not always return good new to their companies in these audits, so to avoid any misinformation being inseminated in the reports, auditors work independent of everyone in the company, almost as though they were an outside consultant. This allows the auditor to be as critical as necessary of the company…. [read more]

Auditing New Century Financial Corporation Essay

… Auditing New Century Financial Corporation

KPMG served as the independent audit firm of several of the largest subprime mortgage lenders. Identify the advantage and disadvantages of a heavy concentration of audit clients in one industry or sub-industry

The problem with having too many clients in one industry / sub-industry are: they can have undue amounts of influence and obvious errors will be continually ignored. In the case of clients having undue amounts of influence, the more a particular auditor is involved in the sector, the greater the chances are that various team members will be familiar with a number of insiders. This is problematic, because this relationship that they have with various corporate officials, means that they can influence the kind of personnel that will…. [read more]

General Motors Company Case Study

… The departments in the headquarters and regional offices of General Motors have an effective reporting and communication system through which all types of information flows through a defined chain of command. It makes the whole organizational structure of the company fully functional and centralized.

5. Leadership and Motivation

The managers at General Motors use both transformational and transactional leadership styles to lead, motivate, and encourage their subordinates effectively. Using transactional leadership styles, the managers ensure that every employee at General Motors works with full commitment and dedication towards the achievement of his assigned targets or fulfillment of normal job responsibilities. They use both intrinsic and extrinsic motivational techniques to keep the morale and satisfaction of these employees at the highest level (Rowley & Jackson, 2010).…. [read more]

Organizational Behavior John Watson Company Term Paper

… 167)

Quality management and teamwork: As a company that ships internationally and makes medical devices, Dynatronics maintains an elaborate quality and problem reporting system. ISO 9000 procedures are used to assure consistency in work and in the way that development is completed. Further, central databases are maintained that can be used to track problems so that problems can be identified and solutions developed. Coordination at the level required to maintain FDA cooperation necessarily indicates that teamwork is involved and is in relatively good working order. Recommendation: One area of the quality management process within the organization that should be examined is the training and development of internal auditors. The auditors within the company are poorly trained and frequently fail to provide the kind of preparation…. [read more]

Organizational Failure That Caused the Fall of Enron Term Paper

… Organizational Failure That Caused the Fall of Enron

The fall of Enron shook up the business society from its roots. This large magnate had been able to embezzle millions of dollars, to risk the savings of individuals and to jeopardize the stability of the firm -- and up until the end, to lie about it. A question is being posed relative to the possibility of organizational behavior theories to have predicted the fall, or at least to have explained it in the aftermath.

The specter of organizational theories is extremely vast and it basically includes efforts to explain the elements which impact the behavior of individuals and groups of individuals within an organizational climate. In other words, "organizational behavior (OB) is the study and application…. [read more]

External Corporate Communications Audit Demonstrate Essay

… Demonstrate how you would plan an internal corporate communications audit and explain how you would conduct one

The plan

Having sound tracks that elicited every piece of communication that took place during the process of audit occurrence

Establishment of a managerial group that assesses the impacts of every entity of communication auditing processes

Linking communication to a central point

Establishment of the response mechanisms

Client accessory mechanisms during communication

Setting up mechanisms of relaying confidentiality in communication among clients in the company

Having a stable avenue of rationalizing communication in order to make inclusion of all the clients in the company

Setting up mechanisms for ensuring that all the procedures of communication have been met within the company

Communication auditing is one of the necessary…. [read more]

Department Defense Inspector General Office Essay

… The inspector general conducts all criminal, administrative and civic investigations in relation to the violation of the federal rules and laws. The agency audits the contractors and guarantors for the allegations of misconduct on their part.

Productivity and Performance Evaluation

The responsibility of the office of inspector general is to carry out the audits, detect and prevent abuse and fraud, promote efficiency and economy of the administrative and management programs (United States, 2006). This process is extremely critical and requires due diligence in execution. In evaluating the performance and productivity of the programs and individuals within the department, the inspector general office is charged with mandate to view all the reports of the institution being evaluated. The audit is executed on the legislative responsibilities and…. [read more]

Profession of Auditing Evaluation Essay

… The idea of strategy and why some succeed given the same set of issues while most have problems was also an area that was researched into from the original lesson to understand the working of the companies. This can be achieved only by an external and impartial audit. (Davidson, 2003)

The audit must therefore be conducted only by auditors who have sufficient education and training. The accountant is expected to take on more responsibilities along with the traditional role because today we are in the information age, and the audit must provide absolutely factual and correct information to a host of entities. As such the accountant is the custodian of information for these entities.

Public Custodian and Information

The auditor is the custodian of information…. [read more]

Safety Management Systems Audit Essay

… Incident Investigation

Proper incident investigation is completely essential with any engineering firm, because realistically speaking, incidents are going to occur. Investigating them properly helps all professionals involved better understand how they occurred in the first place and how best to avoid them. "All incidents, whether a near miss or an actual injury-related event, should be investigated. Near miss reporting and investigation allow you to identify and control hazards before they cause a more serious incident. Accident/incident investigations are a tool for uncovering hazards that either were missed earlier or have managed to slip out of the controls planned for them" ( Essentially, what the OSHA department of the government is saying that incident investigation are vital so that they can be avoided in the future…. [read more]

Financial Management of Not-For-Profit Organizations Essay

… Resource maximization process incorporates evaluating costs and benefits of several sources of the not-for-profit organization's revenues. In most cases, the revenue sources or sources of income for these organizations are planned gifts and business income ("Financial Management of Not-for-Profit Organizations," 2011).

For a not-for-profit organization, asset or resource management is based on the continual concern perspective in which there is a presumption that the organization's future existence has no limitations. In this case, the organization's management must ensure that the organization has adequate liquid assets that are available to fund current operations. For the organization to function in financially solvent manner, it must pay debts in a timely way and adhere to other fiscal responsibilities. The main goal of asset management is to maintain the…. [read more]

Policy and Practice in Social Service Organizations Agency Descriptions Agency Change Term Paper

… Policy and Practice in social service organizations/Agency descriptions/Agency Change

This is an analysis of the social service organization -- Alternatives to Domestic Violence, P.O. Box 910, Riverside, CA 92502. This organization suits this investigation and its mission statement and activities can be studied as a model for the management of the social service organization and the changes and functional disparities that are found in such organizations that need be corrected. A sample study of this organization therefore will point out the commonalities for all these types of organization and combined with the other researcher's findings on these types of organizations it is possible to postulate a hypothesis about the efficacy of the current practices adopted and the future as it ought to be.

§ Name…. [read more]

Balance Scorecard Applications in Healthcare Essay

… The whole mechanism is used as a strategic planning and management system which is used globally many businesses and all kind of industries as well as public and sectors. Implementation of this tool enables the organizations to redefine their business vision and strategy to achieve their objectives by improving their external and internal communication. Furthermore, this system allows them to monitor organizational performance in relation with their strategic goals. The tool was presented by Dr. Robert Kaplan and David Norton in early 1990s. As an extension to their original research in organizational performance management, they presented this new model after thoroughly evaluating the current performance management practices. Where it is argued that similar objective can be achieved by conventional financial statements and reports, it is…. [read more]

Auditing Fair Value the Explanatory Essay

… Auditing Fair Value

The explanatory note accompanying Roman Holiday's financial statements details accounting policies they used in the preparation of their 2007-year-end financial statements. The most relevant assertions regarding the reacquired franchise rights involve the client's valuation approach and impairment testing. The client accounted for the value of reacquired franchise rights by determining the excess of the net amount assigned to identifiable assets and liabilities. Because this method of valuation is incorrect, under PCAOB 2007a, paragraph 28, the auditor has a duty to identify any financial statement assertion that would cause the financial statements to be materially misstated.

Relevant financial statements assertions extend to Roman Holiday's impairment testing as well. In the same explanatory note, Roman Holiday asserts that, in accordance with SFAS 142, the…. [read more]

Organizational Audit General Results Term Paper

… Organizational Audit

General Results of the Audit

The audit studied the way that productivity management is handled at InforMed, and evaluated some of the base systems that aid in making productivity improvements. On the whole, InforMed has many of the tools at the departmental level to manage productivity effectively. They hire good people, and in theory at least grant them the autonomy required to make improvements. However, we found that there is no overarching corporate strategy for productivity improvement. This essentially squanders the tools that they already have. Decisions are made on an ad hoc basis with no concern for the broader needs of the organization. Neither departmental managers nor front-line employees have any impetus to pursue productivity improvement. Worse, there is no system for…. [read more]

South Australia Ambulance Service Organizational Essay

… STEP analysis


SAAS is a socially responsible organization investing in disaster prevention and primary care.

Due to increase in disaster care and primary care interventions, the mortality rates of heart disease and cancer are decreasing. This is resulting in increased life of an individual.

The demographic trend is slowing down.

Life expectancy is increasing due to increased access to primary care and standards of living.

Raising taxes earmarked for health leads to higher expectations.


Medical science is advancing at a rapid pace. There is an increase in technological advances including treatment ways, and advanced pharmaceutical procedures.

Due to advances in surgical equipment, the patient hospital stay time has decreased.

Genetic advances leading to improvements in diagnosis and treatment with improved results.

Patients will…. [read more]

Organizational Philosophies and Technology Term Paper

… Organizational Philosophies and Technology

The intent of this paper is to evaluate how companies are using technologies to define, set, manage and enforce ethical standards throughout their organizations. The use of technologies for ensuring compliance to ethical standards can also have a significant effect on the culture a company promotes, which is covered in this paper as well. The selective use of technologies can also have a significant affect on how organizations perform their human resource functions as well, a topic also discussed in this paper.

Using Technologies to Ensure Compliance to Ethical Guidelines

With the passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX) the requirement of organizations publicly-traded on American stock exchanges to adhere to the Acts' requirements for compliance and financial reporting significantly…. [read more]

Improvement in an Organization Essay

… Quantitative techniques enable the management to make decisions in financial management and other functional areas that utilize high-speed computers handling the required calculations. Computers have a great impact on financial management operations. In addition, the increase in availability of software offering quantitative techniques has enhanced the utilization of computers in financial management. Because quantitative approaches have received extra emphasis in light of financial management decision making, it is necessary to acknowledge that managers can apply both quantitative and systemic approaches. However, most financial decisions are guided by the f principles of quantitative approaches (Russell & ASQ Quality Audit Division, 2005).

A Systems Approach

A systems approach is often beneficial in financial decision-making. A system if defined as a collection of interrelated sections that collaborate. In…. [read more]

Theories of Organization Dynamics and Development Information Technology (IT) Term Paper

… ¶ … Organization Dynamics & Development it

The Breadth Component - Organizational Culture and Leadership

This study examines a spectrum of organizational culture and leadership, organizational change, and system-wide organizational development theories with a focus on the underlying methods of achieving performance excellence in a university entity. To this end, the objectives of this study are to: (a) analyze various theoretical foundations associated with system-wide organizational development, organizational culture and leadership, and organizational change, including those theories of Schein, Bennis and Mische, Binney and Williams, Birnbaum, Davidow and Carr, examining the exigencies of the major theories discussed in their writings; and to (b) integrate the disparities among theories to form a comprehensive view of achieving performance excellence in a higher education organization. A summary of…. [read more]

Organization Behavior ASDA Stores Business Essay

… It has to formulate policies and long-term strategies by keeping in view the political, governmental, and legal forces so as to avoid unwanted legal constraints in the future (Frederic, Agnes, & John 2011). Similarly, it has to offer products and design marketing strategies according to the social and demographical factors of its target markets. The competitive pressures also require ASDA Stores to focus on technological aspect of its business operations. In a nutshell, each and every environmental factor has a direct or indirect impact on the company's business and operations (Ellwood 2002).

RESOURCE Management

ASDA Stores is the second largest retailer and the subsidiary of world's No.1 retail giant, Wal-Mart. It depicts a strong brand image and financial strength of ASDA Stores in the country…. [read more]

Alignment of Organizational Components, Mission and Strategy at Kraft Foods Case Study

… However, there are also some limits and constraints, the culture may be enhanced with the use of more strategies to support risk tasking through the recognition of innovation and symbolic and real rewards provided. Internal focus in the existing intellectual capital, and increased use of suggestions schemes, tools such as innovations workshops, using employees from different areas within the divisions, and the use of scenario planning based on future customer forecasts, may all add value to the existing processes.



Kraft has faced challenges in the past, with a lack of real innovation and focus. The current divisional structure is helping to overcome these challenges, increasing the focus that is paid to the individual brands. Empowering divisional managers to make decisions may also help…. [read more]

Organizational Ethics Issues Resolution Term Paper

… Organizational Ethics Issues Resolution

The Enron debacle that occurred in late 2001 illustrated how an ethically unsound business can have devastating and widespread effects on the international business community. At the core of the collapse of Enron was an absence of ideation and practice of ethical values. Market failure occurred due to information asymmetries, in which unfairness of the imbalance exceeded simple competitive advantage, while compromisinf the rights of others (Berenbeim, 2002). The six ethical decision-making steps can be applied to the organizational ethics issue of Enron in order to further understand the process involved in solving ethical issues.

Issue Clarification

The first step in ethical decision making is issue clarification. It is necessary to thoroughly understand the issue at hand in order to effectively…. [read more]

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