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Communication Theory Research Paper

… Communication Theory (attribution Theory in Communication)

Communication process involves exchange of information between the sender and the receiver. The sender transmits a message while the receiver decodes the message sent. The key elements of myriad communication models are: the sender, the receiver, the message, the channel or the medium through which the message is conveyed, the context, noise/interference, and feedback (Dimbleby & Burton, 1998). Communication will be considered effective when the receiver fully understands the sender's message. Otherwise the noise that is found along the way shall be deemed to be distractive enough to hinder the effective passing of the message intended from the source to the receiver of the message.

The sender or the source traditionally initiates communication process in a business communication setting.…. [read more]


Communication Skills Self-Assessment Interpersonal Essay

… , 2002). Ideally, organizational communication would manifest the fluidity and flexibility that enables message sharing which moves across organizational boundaries, such as operational silos, business units, and formal authority structures (Spillan, et al., 2002). Communication that is primarily vertical in nature tends to generate a top-heavy workload for management, functional silo isolation, and less effective listening as one moves up the organizational hierarchy (Spillan, et al., 2002). Workers tend to be less empowered in organizations that rely on vertical communication (Spillan, et al., 2002). Thus, output tends to be suboptimal, and heavily dependent on direction and clarification from upper-level management (Spillan, et al., 2002).

(b) Lateral communication. Lateral communication entails the flow of information across the organization between peers who are positioned similarly in the…. [read more]


Communication Media Assertive Communicators Essay

… Moreover, they believe on having solutions for disagreements because they hold the quality of listening and negotiation (Pfeiffer & Pfeiffer 2010).

In this regard, assertive communicators value the rights of others while being firm on their perspectives simultaneously with efficient communication of ideas, as they respect their viewpoints as well. Assertive communicator by being a part of the solution instead of the problem begets the individual to earn more respect from others in the surrounding. This also leads to the development and sustainability of strong, healthy and honest relationships with others. With the assertive nature, the individuals have the proficiency to construct a respectful environment, which creates a healthy platform for all people to grow and enhance their skills (Schwartz 2001).

It is also prudent…. [read more]


Organization Behavior "Performance Management Essay

… In order to fill the gap between training and development needs and the organizational requirements, the Management must institute an effective people performance management system for all categories of its workforce (Boselie, Dietz, & Boon 2005).

Goal Setting:

Managers are assigned different short-term and long-term targets which they have to achieve through their subordinates within specified deadlines and allocated resources. In order to accomplish these targets in an effective and efficient fashion, the managers need to get the work done through their subordinates in a well-organized fashion. The Performance Management model by Michael Armstrong gives a special focus on goal setting for the achievement of organizational objectives in a cost-efficient way. Armstrong believes that managers can divide their big targets into small targets and assign…. [read more]


Communication Management: Communication in the Workplace Essay

… Communication

Management: Communication in the Workplace

When people in an organization conduct a meeting, share stories in the cafeteria, or deliver presentations, they are making efforts to communicate. To understand why communication efforts sometimes break down and find ways to improve your communication skills, it helps to identify the elements of the communication process. Communication is the transmission of information and meaning from one party to another via shared symbols (Communication, 2010). Hence, each individual is different and has unique ways of communicating his or her thoughts. In the present competitive era, only the best of the organizations can survive. Individuals make the organizations, and hence the effective use of communication by the employees eventually leads to organizational success by active listening, managing conflict, and…. [read more]


Communication Apprehension Term Paper

… Communication Apprehension

Personal Report of Communication Apprehension (PRCA)

The difference between state CA and trait CA

Culture

Gender

Future directions

The conceptualization and study of communicative anxiety has been an area of interest to communication scholars and researchers for decades. This phenomenon has been referred to using a variety of different terms including reticence, shyness, social-communicative anxiety, communication avoidance, and communication apprehension. Although each of these terms holds specific nuances, the basic ideology remains consistent. That is, the different terminologies used all illustrate the belief that certain individuals suffer from anxiety that is produced through a degree of fear of communicating with others. During the course of this paper, the term communication apprehension (CA) is employed. CA refers to "an individual's level of fear or…. [read more]


Communications Failure to Communicate Effectively Can Lead Essay

… Communications

Failure to communicate effectively can lead to poor performance and organizational failure. The personality cult is a real problem within the context of business communications because there are times when the individual that has the devotion of the people is also the person that is causing problems in the organization. Communication has long been a difficult task, the advent of newer technologies has further complicated organizational communications. A prime example of a failure to communicate can be seen in the attempted terror plot that occurred on Northwest flight 253 which occurred on Christmas day of 2009. It is recommended that in the future the intelligence agencies make a concerted effort to unify their information systems in a way that ensures that important information gets…. [read more]


Cross-Cultural Communication With Increased Competition Essay

… However, this alone cannot guarantee effective communication, but it will allow people to mindfully attempt to understand strangers and the way these strangers are interpreting their messages. In doing so, people can respond in a manner that results in effective communication. Therefore proper control of uncertainty and anxiety provides an avenue for effective communication, though effective communication depends on the conduct of a person in such situation (Gudykunst, 2005).

Self-concepts and AUM

Self-concept is used to refer to a personal views, they comprise of personal identity as well as social identity. Self-esteem of a person can either be positive or negative feeling a person has about himself/herself. According to Gudykunst, (2005) personal identities are the main generative ways for interpersonal behaviour; whereas social identities are…. [read more]


Personality and Communication Affect on Supervision Term Paper

… PERSONALITY & COMMUNICATION: AFFECT ON SUPERVISION

Imagine that you are sitting in a room with three other people: a convicted serial killer, an eccentric scientist, and a four-year-old child. If you had to choose one, which one would you pick? Which qualities would you automatically associate with each individual? Which one do you think you most closely identify with? If this same situation were applied within a group of people sharing the same characteristics, the answers to each question would still vary. The reason for the difficulty in getting a clear answer is that there are so many differences among members of the human race. Human beings not only come in many shapes and sizes but also behave in very complex ways. Of the more…. [read more]


Communication: Workplace Reflective Practice Essay

… In addition, I strongly believe that if the employer and the worker can communicate well, the project is only a matter of time to finish. Communication does not only mean that both parties have to speak the same language; it means more than that. It has to do with the wealth of information that is exchanged between them; communication must be fluent, clear and enriched with meaningful information. Many projects have failed to be completed and went to arbitration because the employer and worker failed to communicate efficiently.

Moreover, I currently know that employers must clearly specify their needs before they post any project; this does not require analytical skills in order to do this efficiently. This entails writing as many details as you can…. [read more]


Intercultural Communication Refers to the Connection Essay

… Intercultural communication refers to the connection and interaction among people of different countries and cultures and their behaviors (Scribd 2013). It is now common experience that people of diverse cultures link up or are brought together by common interests like business and education. They bring their respective cultures, beliefs, lifestyles, economic resources and faiths into that link. The basic elements and root words are culture and communication. These and two others form what are called the building blocks of intercultural communication. The two others are context and power (Scribd).

The core concept in intercultural communication is culture (Scribd 2013). It is a system of information, beliefs and values used by society to relate with one another and with the world. That system or mechanism of…. [read more]


Organizational Behavior Research Paper

… These kinds of ideas would not have been created, without the ability to allow employees to telecommute. This encouraged them to think outside of traditional boundaries and work with other organizations. The results are that the CEHMM is finding a host of solutions (utilizing this kind of approach). (Davis, 2012)

These virtual tools are allowing various stakeholders to effectively interact with each other. This has created a situation where everyone is willing to do more and share new ideas with stakeholders. When this took place, many of the various uses for the algae increased (leading to more benefits for various stakeholders). This means that different aspects of virtual organizations are augmented with traditional strategies. The consequences are that the organization is creating win -- win…. [read more]


Communication Effective Term Paper

… However, Fayol's statement is still applicable in the present state of business communications. In fact, his call for effective oral communication is more vital than ever, since business communications nowadays has become the core of conducting business, with the proliferation of information -- and service-oriented businesses. Despite the convenience of communication technologies, there are still important features of oral communication that makes it an imperative in business communications.

Kreitner (1995) takes into account two (2) important features of oral communication that is not sufficiently accomplished through e-mail, instant messaging, and other forms of communication technology. He considers "personal barriers" such as non-verbal communication as an important feature to consider when conducting business with other people. The lack of physical interaction between two people or among…. [read more]


Communication Protocols Essay

… A good instance is a head nod, the same head nod may mean yes among an American audience and yet among an Indian audience the same head nod may mean refusal or disagreement.

Still on verbal communication the Americans may use some metaphors with sports terms like "all the bases are covered" or "we want a level playing field" these are not understood by those who are non-native English speakers. The use of phrases that are culturally-based is seen to pose challenges during communication in collective cultures.

Another example is some cultures are high context and the communication requires awareness of facial expressions, tone of voice and eye contact. On the other hand U.S. is a low culture context, where people depend more on words…. [read more]


Body Language While Organizational Behaviour Essay

… Likewise, a listener who is not looking towards the speaker or is sitting in a very unusually casual posture can be equated to the lack of seriousness and attention of the speaker towards the speaker and the communication process.

Importance of Body Language in Communication Process

The gestures given out by the body language, including the posture, voice modulation, expression, tone, physical movements etc., helps determining the overall effectiveness of the communication process. Body Language of a person plays a vital role in the recruitment and selection process, and most employers closely and critically analyze a person's body language especially during one to one interviews. The way a person knocks the door, enters the room, walks towards the seats, the sitting posture and the way…. [read more]


Communication Problems in the Workplace Term Paper

… Communication problems in the workplace are bound to arise and businesses and employees must understand how to handle these problems. These problems often include such things as poor listening skills, poor oral communication, the inability to understand nonverbal cues, and communication problems as it relates to workplace diversity. The outcome of these problems is work related stress, which leads to a decrease in productivity, a decline in customer satisfaction and the loss of a business.

These problems can be resolved through specificity, listening, depersonalization, mediation, and temporary separation from coworkers.

Business communications is an essential component in the success of any firm (Harris 1993). Effective communication in the workplace allows for the free flow of information and the completion of tasks in a timely and…. [read more]


Effective Communication Skills in Resolving Emotional Conflicts Term Paper

… Effective Communication Skills in Resolving Emotional Conflicts

Effective communication is very important in today's society and nowhere is this more true than in the area of resolving emotional conflicts. Is very important to develop strong communication skills in conflict management and by utilizing them correctly people can collaborate very effectively. Being able to collaborate is a very important value not only in social situations but in academic disciplines and career opportunities as well. Quite often, however, many of the formal skills that are needed to deal with emotional conflicts effectively through communication are overlooked and are not taught properly in schools, therefore many people struggle without them (Dooley & Fryxell, 1999).

It appears that there are many processes and structures that are utilized to teach…. [read more]


Communication Transactional Analysis Model Term Paper

… Management must try not to evoke the controlling parent or adaptive child side of their employees' in order to keep communication channel opens and to avoid conflicts.

VERBAL AND NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION

Verbal and nonverbal communication both form important parts of overall effective communication. While we are familiar with what is meant by verbal communication, it is the nonverbal communication that puzzles us since it can be ambiguous in nature causing conflict and confusion. Verbal communication refers to communication that makes use of a language that two people understand. Nonverbal on the other hand refers to cues, symbols and signals that people may make use of in place of verbal communication but mostly to augment verbal messages. LAUREL J. DUNN (1998) defines as the "mode for…. [read more]


Organizational Behavior (Psychology) Applied Comprehension Organizational Psychologists Term Paper

… Organizational Behavior (Psychology)

Applied Comprehension

Organizational Psychologists continually seek the creation of relevant approaches for the application of organizational psychological principles. Central to the application of Industrial Organizational psychological principles, as an emergent approach, has been the elevation of consultation psychology as a primary approach for the application of organizational psychology. Theoretically, the tension between business, clinical psychology and Industrial or Organizational Psychology has occasionally thwarted the effective application of psychological principles that could otherwise guide the successful resolution of issues between people and systems.

This paper will review the role that consultation psychological services can play in organizations, particularly as it may apply to facilitating organizational movement towards increased strategic success. As a case example, this paper will use a mental health organization to…. [read more]


Corporate Communication Strategy Essay

… Topic Sentence: In the same manner it is important for the organizations to deal with the conflicts and provide their employees with resolution that would help them in functioning efficiently (Spaho, 2013).

A.

Supporting Evidence

It is not possible for the organizations to not have conflicts as different people have different opinions and different ways of handling things. In this paper we will be focusing on conflict management as a complete field. We will also be focusing on the managers and the role that they can play in resolving the conflicts (Spaho, 2013).

B.

Explanation

Conflicts are a part of any workplace but it is important for the employees to respect the opinions of others however different they might be from their own. In conflict…. [read more]


Communications an Interesting Essay

… The problems created by the President's message included the fact that he acknowledged the company was undergoing some difficult times. Instead of calming employee nerves, his message seemed to exacerbate the situation. Now the rumors are more substantiated based upon the President's message, so further rumors sprang up overnight. Needless to say, rumors fueled more rumors which continually fed even more rumors. Morale sagged for almost all employees which also affected the company's productivity levels.

Improvements in the communication process could begin right at the top. The President's message was delivered in a concise posted message that detailed only the bare minimum of facts. He could have been much more upbeat, offered much more in the way of details and been much more forthright in…. [read more]


Communication Between Different Cultures Term Paper

… Communication Differences Between Cultures

The American culture is a culture that is very diverse in nature. There are some people living within the American culture that feel more strongly they are part of their ethnic heritage than they are part of the greater "American" culture (Samovar, Porter & McDaniel, 2006a). I believe people who think they are "American" tend to believe they can communicate openly and freely, without emphasizing too much in the way of "formality" when it comes to communicating with others.

Much of what I understand of the American culture is a product of my educational upbringing, and the way my family raised me. School, especially during the early years, influences ones attitudes and beliefs, creating a culture of its own. Interestingly, people…. [read more]


Interpretation Across Culture in on Line Communication Research Paper

… Cross Cultural Communication

Interpretation across Culture in online communication

Effective communication goes beyond the words that are used and encompasses a broader range of communicative skills, such as body language and gestures. Like, words, these gestures can have a different connotative meaning depending on cultural and contextual clues that surround them. These cultural and contextual clues are the basis for misunderstandings, particularly when two people from different cultures attempt to communicate. When two persons from the same culture communicate, contextual and body language can help to enhance the meaning of the message. They can provide a greater depth of understanding among the two parties. The following will explore current literature on cross-cultural communication in regards to the importance of culturally significant contextual clues.

Electronic Communication…. [read more]


Strategic Communication Leading Through Strategic Communication: Hurricane A-Level Coursework

… Strategic Communication

Leading Through Strategic Communication: Hurricane Sandy Superstorm Guidance and Assistance for FHA Insured Recipients

In Class Goal Setting

The goal of the program is to ensure strategic communication to inform FHA insured recipients of assistance they are eligible for following Hurricane Sandy.

Audience Goal Behavior/Action

Emergency/Government Agencies Service Provision Strategic communication to public

FHA Homeowners and Renters Receipt of Service Receipt of viable information on receiving services and aid

These actions are feasible for each agency listed. The barriers to action for each agency are reaching the appropriate people with the appropriate communication and information.

Description of Audience

Government Agency

If this agency provides optimum communication rather than inferior communication then our agency will be able to effectively provide services to those impacted…. [read more]


Communications in a Business Setting Term Paper

… Cooper noted that formal training programs are helpful, but cited another researcher (Hall, 19976) who argued that most "real" training happens during peer-assisted, self-directed learning through such activities as project teams, task forces, electronic relationships, personal networks, customer relationships, and relationships with co-workers. But there was a caveat:

The organization will need to provide supervisory and technological support as well as an organizational culture that promotes learning and risk-taking.

Other possibilities

1. Annette Shelby investigated the quality of communication and determined that perceptions about it depended on variance, or lack thereof, between receiver expectations and outcomes. She developed six testable propositions regarding that, including the mechanical ways in which receivers process information. One of those described the optimal scenario: Under conditions of perceived high aesthetic…. [read more]


Golden Rule of Cross-Cultural Communications Anyone Research Paper

… Golden Rule of Cross-Cultural Communications

Anyone who has attended school, held a job, or formed a relationship, which is to say everyone, can readily testify that communicating with others can be a challenging enterprise at times. Even when people hear what is being said, they may not understand it properly because of a wide range of factors that can adversely affect the communication process. In an increasingly globalized world, these problems have been compounded by powerful cross-cultural differences, or at least that is what many authorities would have people believe. In reality, communicating effectively with others involves some fairly straightforward techniques that are equally valid in any setting rather than the complex multidimensional conceptualizations that are being advanced in the literature today. To gain some…. [read more]


Communications Psychology for Groups Essay

… Communication also helps in consensus building. In this case, effective communication is critical for members to agree on a wide range of proposals. Without effective communication, the group can be stuck between the storming and the norming stages. Further, communication helps in relation building particularly during the early phases of group formation.

Formal and Informal Groups

According to Nelson and Quick (2007), formal groups come about based on the need to undertake a variety of tasks. Basically, formal groups are structured and they include but are not limited to task forces, BOD standing committees etc. On the other hand, when it comes to informal groups, Nelson and Quick (2007) are of the opinion that "informal groups evolve in the work setting to gratify a variety…. [read more]


Organizational Behavior Like the Individuals Term Paper

… Organizational Behavior

Like the individuals that comprise them, organizations exhibit certain behavioral and cultural traits. Therefore, the study of organizational behavior seeks to understand and apply key sociological and psychological concepts to organizations. The behavior of an organization depends on a number of factors, including the goals and aims of the organization as well as the characters or personalities of its individual members and leaders. An organization's behavior also depends in large part on is position and role within the society or community. Because organizations range from governmental to corporate to educational to philanthropic, organizational behavior can vary greatly. Moreover, organizational behavior differs depending on the overall cultural context and the diversity of its members. Organizational behavior can entail ethical issues as well as structural…. [read more]


Communication Strategies Used in Crisis Management Term Paper

… Communication Strategies Used in Crisis Management

To operate successfully, sports marketing relies on a variety of processes and functions, including product, price, promotion, place, market segmentation and services marketing (O'Bierne and Ries, 2002). However, one management process that is often overlooked by sports marketers and marketing authors is crisis management. The communication strategies used by sports and athletic organizations to manage crises or scandals is a very important part of sports management.

Crisis management, which is frequently referred to as risk or emergency management, is the process that employs strategies to counteract the negative affects of an event or action that can damage the reputation of an individual or an organization (O'Bierne and Ries, 2002). Marketing and public relations professionals are constantly launching campaigns heavily…. [read more]


Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts Essay

… e. suppliers, distributors and potential investors) in order to operate efficiently and profitably. While the executive body is almost always responsible for analyzing relevant market and internal productive data in order to create strategic initiatives for achieving success, this process will prove to be futile if this group cannot effectively communicate the final products and goals of such analyses to their subordinates. The same concept applies to suppliers and potentially useful sources of investment. Ultimately, effective communication is the engine driving every organization's corporate car towards success.

Organizational Culture at Apple

A perfect template for examining a highly functional organizational culture and subsequently progressive organization behavior can be found in the corporate analysis of the Apple Corporation. This company was "treading water" until their progressive…. [read more]

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