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Leadership Theory in a Changing Essay

… Thus, for principals and administrators, a balance is demanded. Sergiovanni reports that "the unique context for schooling, particularly in a democratic society, raises the question of sources of authority for leadership practice. As important as a school leader's personality and interpersonal skills may be to success, and as handy as bureaucratic reasons may be to use, neither are sufficiently powerful to provide that leader with the sources of authority needed to reach students, parents, teachers and others in powerful ways." (Sergiovanni, p. 2) Sergiovanni therefore goes on to assert that the discretion provided by moral orientation can help to drive this balance and can help to make one's leadership style adaptable to the specifics of any type of system.

One reason that this adaptability takes…. [read more]

Leadership: Three Theories, Three Centuries Leadership Theory Term Paper

… Leadership: Three Theories, Three Centuries

Leadership Theory Over Three Centuries

Many experts have attempted to derive overarching theories of leadership to describe the properties of a social construct that has changed over the last three hundred years, here separated by benchmarks of hundred-year periods corresponding to the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Three major examples of such analytical schema include "the great man" theory, "trait" theory and "contextual" theory, discussed further below. But as Winston and Patterson (2006) pointed out from a meta-analysis of literature up to the saturation point where categories began to repeat themselves, so many such classification schema have been proposed to describe the factors that constitute "leadership," that identifying one "right" or dominant such theory exhausts research limitations because experts prioritize…. [read more]

Manager's Likeability Literature Review

… ¶ … Manager's Likeability

on Leadership Success

Assessing the Impact of a Manager's Likeability on Leadership Success

The likeability of a manager will determine how effective they are on transactionally-oriented tasks while also being a very accurate predicator of hwo effective they will be in more transformational roles in an organization. The intent of this analysis is to define likeability from a leadership standpoint, illustrating how this aspect of a leader's personality must be authentic, transparent in approach and genuine in how a leader earns and keeps the trust of subordinates, peers and superiors. A likeable person is by definition one that is known for their friendliness or the ability to create an ongoing dialogue that includes a significant level of self-disclosure and ability to…. [read more]

Leadership Comparing Characteristics Essay

… It is quite possible that just as Branson and Schultz may subject themselves to the mirror test, so many have Hitler and Branson, the difference being the values that they applied. Interestingly, these characteristics of Drucker's idea of leadership are reflective of Zaleznik, who stated that leaders would emerge with a belief and passion, comparing them with manager that would emerge out of necessity. The passion and visionary perspective is also a characteristic seen in Kotter's model of leadership

. In models of change where leadership is needed to guide and inspire change, from Lewin's force field model, which has become known as the ice cube model, through to Kotter's 8 stage model and Senge's model of the learning organization, it is noted that a…. [read more]

Educational Change Essay

… Levine further recommends the creation of an antagonistic environment. The existing educational literature seems to suggest that curriculum change or innovation is of great importance in the process of implementing change (Kearsley and Lynch, 1992, Yuen et al.,


Transformational leadership has therefore been indicated by Peretomode and Ikoya (2010) to be very crucial for institutional success as well as the implementation of an effective curriculum change. They argue that the success of failure of curriculum innovation is dependent on the school administrator's effectiveness in implementing curriculum reforms. Yulk (2002) argued that leaders can do several things in order to facilitate a successful curriculum change implementation. Yuen (2004) on a similar note believed that a visionary leader is what is needed for a successful curriculum…. [read more]

Comparing Four Models or Theories of Leadership Thesis

… Leadership As A Montage Of Models
The Connections Among Four Different Leadership Theories
What is leadership? Can it be defined through simple terms, or does
it change based on the situation and individual eader? If so, what
leadership theories exist? What models can be put into practice and when
should they be used? Scholars concerned with the practice of leadership
have been considering these questions as they conduct studies, read
previously written literature, and observe the movements of social,
business, and political leaders. As these scholars have come up with many
different kinds of leadership models, however, it can become difficult for
the student of leadership to determine how models are different from one
another and how they can be applied in various situations. Through…. [read more]

Organizational Leadership: A Literature Review the Turn Term Paper

… Organizational Leadership: A Literature Review

The turn of the 21st century brought with it a plethora of global challenges, particularly in the area of higher education administration, but also in other administrative areas. Leaders in higher education have had to call upon many different theorists for use with their evidence-driven leadership theories. These have been addressed as approaches to explore, and they have also worked to explain the complexity of needs that are facing many of the global challenges today. A review of the related literature has cited many theorists' suggestions as being models which, though diverse, seem to contain some common threads among them. However, most of these theories also seem to point toward organizational leadership, and to a lesser degree toward educational leadership.…. [read more]

Transitional Leadership Times Research Paper

… Transitional Leadership

Times of leadership transition are among the most stressful periods in an organization's life cycle. It is important to understand the variables that precipitate change, the variables that comprise successful transitional leadership during times of change, and interfering variables that might prevent a successful leadership transition. A review of literature reveals several patterns and core issues with regards to transitional leadership.

First, it is important to identify why transitions are important times, and why transitional leadership is a critical issue worthy of investigation. "Transitions are critical time when small differences in the manager's actions can have disproportionate impact on results," (Applebaum & Valero, 2007, p. 1). The relay race metaphor is commonly used when discussing transitional leadership. "It could be said that succession…. [read more]

Leadership Styles and Power Bases Movie Review

… I don't mean to suggest you're indecisive, Mr. Hunter, not at all -- just complicated." The withering contempt for this "complicated" psychology that Gene Hackman evinces is not unlike George W. Bush's contempt for "nuance," and in both cases it indicates the same sort of leadership style. The XO's leadership style in this regard is perhaps more like Barack Obama's -- with the same risk run in both cases of seeming overly professorial and unmanned by scruple. It's worth noting that XO's power base includes the more sensitive and intellectual members of the crew, and although he loses Weps's loyalty (all the more poignant because of their closeness out of uniform) he more crucially gains Cob's loyalty over the course of the film, which perhaps…. [read more]

Organizational Motivation and Leadership in the Workplace Essay

… Organizational Motivation and Leadership in the Workplace

Established pursuant to Article 1, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office has played a vital role in promoting technological innovation since the founding of the United States more than 230 years ago. Despite its importance to the protections of intellectual properties in the United States, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office is not immune to the same types of motivation problems that tend to affect organizations of all types and sizes, and the agency has experienced its fair share of employee absenteeism and turnover in the past. In response, the top leadership of this governmental agency took a hard look at what was taking place within its ranks and made some savvy…. [read more]

Technology and Educational Leadership Research Paper

… In this study the author addresses the questions about how a team can progress within the self- managed group that practices and develops various leadership styles. He reviews and uses shared and single leadership style as his theories. The results of this study show that the teams with shared leaders concept have motivational and perceptive advantages in comparison to the teams who suffer a standard approach of depending on a solo leadership style. The author concludes his paper by exploring results, significance and recommends future research opportunities.

This study showed us why finding creative ways to celebrate, reinforce and appreciate successes is critical for workforce motivation and commitment; especially in the context of technology integration in the educational realm.

Classical leadership. Encyclopaedia of Informal Education,…. [read more]

Organizational Capacity in Non-Profit Organizations Research Paper

… Organizational Capacity in Non-Profit Organizations

Mentorship as Leadership

Theoretical Support

The concept of mentoring is certainly not new, both in academic and cultural life. However, for the past two decades, the conceptual framework in the non-profit sector has moved from a more traditional hierarchy of leadership roles to a more open system in which the paradigm and basis has turned more towards mentoring in a more dual edged approach, i.e. For both internal and external stakeholders. For most of recorded history, students of a trade or skill have studied under mentors in some sort of an apprenticeship program designed to allow acumen to pass from one generation to another. No organization can thrive without adequate leadership. This is particularly true in situations in which there…. [read more]

Leadership Characteristics of Administrators Term Paper

… Leadership Characteristics of Administrators

To define leadership, we first have to understand that leadership is relative i.e. everyone has a different approach to define what is good leadership. There are some who try to differentiate between the tasks and approaches of an individual in terms of being a good leader or a good manager. There are others who concentrate on the necessary characteristics of an individual that make him/her a leader like intellect, risk taking ability, determination, creativity, etc. There are many others who are more focused on the different elements of leadership and believe that these elements are far more important for any researcher to catalog if they are analyzing the dynamics and aspects of leadership especially within academic institutions. This study offers a…. [read more]

Leadership Styles Among Male Term Paper

… Synthesists do not generally look for compromises, consensus or agreement on the best solution to a problem or situation. They will however look for a solution that will connect and assimilate the random and contradictory views to arrive at a best-fit solution.

A b) The Idealist

The idealist style focuses on process, values and aspirations. Idealists are people who like to take a broad view of things. They also tend to be future-oriented and to think about goals and missions to be accomplished. Idealists are much attuned to the needs of others and for the betterment of society as a whole. They will evaluate the impact of any personal decision on the society. They respect and believe in the social values and morals dictated by…. [read more]

Staff Motivation Model of Organizational Change Understanding Literature Review

… Staff Motivation

Model of Organizational Change

Understanding individual motivation begins the discussion of the relationship between that motivation, performance, and organizational change. From that inception point however, a framework by which to understand how organizational change unfolds and its effects on the individual is necessary for a full understanding of the dynamic. While there are multiple models of organizational change: 7-S, 3-stage Lewin, and Burke- Litwin, the best analysis tool is the Kotter-eight step model comprised of: establish a sense of urgency, form a guiding coalition, create a vision, communicate the vision, empower others to act, plan for and create short-term wins, consolidate improvements and produce more change, and institutionalize new approaches (Gilley, a. Gilley, J. & McMillian, H. 2009. pp 4/78). Using this framework…. [read more]

Leadership for Organizations Term Paper

… 3). Emerging and existing practitioners can seek guidance from this framework for leadership development from immature stage of organization. They can also get basic tools that can be useful for them in practical life.

Transformational Leadership

Transformational approach is one of the recent and most popular approaches of leadership that has been gaining tremendous attention of researchers since 1980s. Transformational leadership is part of the "New Leadership" model which emphasizes on appealing and affecting elements of leadership. It is believed that this approach is popular mainly due to its stress on intrinsic motivation and follower development. Transformational leadership is suitable for present day's workgroups that seek empowerment and inspiration in order to succeed in uncertain period. The focus of most of the researchers has been…. [read more]

Leadership Analysis Imagine Studying Your Strengths Essay

… Leadership Analysis

Imagine studying your strengths. What will you discover? How will this influence the way you treat others in the workplace? Will you become a better leader because of it? I will describe to you my strengths, and how I will manage them in a medical setting in order to help others become the best employees possible.

After completing the StrengthsFinder 2.0, this is what I discovered about myself. I learned that I deal with issues as they arise, which is one of my strengths; however, a goal that I need to work on is that of making sure that I need to have defined plan and goals that occur for each day. These will each keep me on task on what is expected…. [read more]

Individual Literature Review Transformational Theory Essay

… They will learn valuable life skills as followers of this type of teacher, and they will be better at caring for others when they move into careers where they may have the opportunity to be the leader (Wagner & Kegan, 2006). What is important to remember is that transformational leadership is one of the most connected ways to lead -- and without a connection between leaders and followers there is not as much incentive to work toward a common goal, at least for most people.

People react differently (and often better) to leaders who seem to want to accomplish goals together with their followers (Anderson, 2010). In other words, followers are generally more interested in working with a leader, instead of for a leader. That…. [read more]

Leadership: Emotional, Social, & Cognitive Intelligence Literature Review

3.2.3 Contingency Theories

They hold that the style of leadership adopted should depend on the situation and the circumstances influence the person in charge. Therefore, leaders with high levels of cognitive intelligence know which style is best suited when quick decisions need to be made. Leaders who are people oriented exhibit high levels of social and emotional cognitive intelligence and use a leadership style, which reflects the situation on the ground for his or her followers.

3.2.4 Power and Influence Theories

The approach undertaken by power and influence theories is different from the others. In this approach, leaders use their power to varying degrees to achieve their goals. Transactional leadership is one of the power and influence style used. In…. [read more]

Strategic Leadership Influence Culture Organization Essay

… The company had set positive values and vision, through which it had promised to support the well-being of its stakeholders, but in the end it engaged in false accounting actions (Turner, 2009).

The company placed an increased emphasis on enhancing the value of its shares through tempering with the annual balance sheets and the promise of superior values for the customers, as well as the promotion of an organizational culture focused on the employees (Ulrich, Zenger and Smallwood, 1999). The leadership style at Enron was highly charismatic and close to a cult, in which the members were asked to conform and were penalized when they did not. While the accountancy issues ultimately generated the failure of Enron, it was the leadership style and culture created…. [read more]

Canadian Military and Leadership Essay

… RMA has been driven by the application of new technologies and this in turn is changing the nature of warfare and how battles will be fought in the future. All branches of the CF have been radically changing their military doctrine and their military operations in order to keep pace with the rapid changes in war fighting operations (Department of National Defense / Director General Strategic Planning, 1999, p.7). According to Wenek (2002), key issues that affect the development of CF leadership doctrine include the following; the rapidly increasing numbers and types of operational since the end of the Cold War, CF branch efforts to rejuvenate professionalism at all levels, the relationships between increased military presences and Non-Governmental Agencies in the same geographic location, the…. [read more]

Leading Organizational Change in American Schools Research Paper

… Leading Organizational Change in America's K-12 Schools: A Literature Review

Creating positive changes in America's schools is a key responsibility of educational leaders. Researching best practices via the relevant scholarly literature can assist those seeking to manage and improve the learning environment in America's K-12 schools, in contributing to the creation of a thriving instructional atmosphere. By integrating the knowledge of 'what works best' into their curriculum planning and decision-making processes, educational leaders can help to bring about the positive changes that the American school system so critically needs.

Best Practices and Related Theories

Using various types of proven best practices will create a positive learning culture in which education for students (and teachers) becomes less of a chore and more of an adventure. For…. [read more]

Educational Leadership Framework Leadership Essay

… Educational Leadership Framework

Leadership in education is a multifaceted concept that involves not only good business and negotiation skills but also a talent for insight into needs of this generation's students as well as the next. It is an ever-changing skill set that must be constantly self-monitored and updated as time goes on. A leader here must has skill not only in education, but in management of resource and of computer and Internet capabilities as well as relating to the multitasking needs and feedback requirements of the students involved as wall as staff and other associates of the Generation X'ers, Millennials and beyond.(Lancster & Stillman, 2002). The most important thing for a good leader in education is that her or she must have a "teachable…. [read more]

Team Leadership Many Organizations Term Paper

… (Team Leadership: Emerging Challenges)

Future team leaders will have to raise the level of their game in four ways: thoroughly reviewing and reacting quickly to team chances based on circumstances; inculcating self-control among the members; changing leadership roles more effortlessly and widely; and training to use the fundamentals in a large range of "virtual team" situations. Victory in a quickly changing marketplace will need the skill to change performance patterns from side to suit the job at hand. Therefore, it will be important to be able to recognize the circumstances that call for one-leader unit behavior, on top of those that necessitate team behavior, and to alter the working approach of group appropriately. The combined performance results of any small working group are more about…. [read more]

Leadership and Management Term Paper

… A manager who wants to succeed will work to promote the positive impact and aspects that diversity will bring to the workplace. Using the very differences to expand the business vision can go a long way in promoting the embracement of diversity.

Because diversity is an increasing factor in current and future business it will be vital to research its impact and its integration to the business world (Johnson, 2001). "Future research should integrate the individual and/or group levels into the proposed organizational typology. Each ideal-type may require a unique person-organization fit (Meyer et al., 1993; Schneider, 1987) (Johnson, 2001). A number of individual attributes, including values and personality traits can aid in ascertaining fit. For example, an individual high in ethnocentrism may be more…. [read more]

Leadership Models Man, Like All Other Primates Term Paper

… ¶ … Leadership Models

Man, like all other primates, evolved as a social creature for whom communal living and mutual cooperation within the human community is more natural, and preferable for the individual, than solitary existence. According to generally accepted evolutionary theorists, it is human societal living that is responsible for the gradual development of larger and larger brains and the simultaneous evolution of conceptual thought, advanced communication, and spoken language, rather than the other way around (Edey & Johanson, 1989).

Mutual cooperation within human societies is, necessarily, task and goal oriented, because cooperation and shared efforts yield results more productively than exclusive self-responsibility for every need of the individual. Throughout most of human existence particularly before the Industrial Revolution - the vast majority of…. [read more]

Level 5 Leadership Essay

… Good to great companies develop sound incentive strategies that work for the specific organization or scenario, and stick to those strategies. Compensation strategies cease to become relevant when the right people are already on the bus, and the driver is headed in the right direction. Intrinsic motivation needs to come to the fore and replace extrinsic motivation. However, the internal characteristics of the people on the bus will also impact whether or not they are naturally intrinsically motivated. Executives who have worked with the company for a long time may be ideal members of the team, because they have proven loyalty to the organization and already demonstrate a high degree of caring for the company. External, high profile executives on board temporarily for a high…. [read more]

Servant Leadership in a Conflicted Church Thesis

Applying Servant Leadership within a Conflicted Church: The Project as an Act of Ministry

My church, the South Iowa Chapel, like many modern churches, is a church in conflict. Conflicted churches are problematic because they drive parishioners away from the church, and, possibly, away from Christ. Conflict in a church can also be a difficult situation to remedy, because of the different personality types and leadership styles of people involved in the church. However, I feel that a significant part of the problem is that people are using traditional leadership styles in church. Jesus Christ was not a traditional leader. On the contrary, He was the epitome of a servant leader, one who leads through service to others. Obviously, He did a wonderful job leading…. [read more]

Organizational Culture and Sustained Competitive Dissertation

… This study will survey a number of organizations in a variety of industries in an attempt to find consensus in the strategic application of organizational cultural concepts.

This study will not result in a unified definition of culture, competition, or competitive advantage that will apply uniformly to all organizations in every situation. However, it will serve in the development of criteria that organizations can utilize to help determine the characteristics of their own organization and how they can be used to an improve the sustainability of their organization. This research will play an important role in the development of processes for analyzing and developing an organizational culture that maximizes the organization strengths and minimizes its weaknesses. It will examine the state of knowledge in organizations…. [read more]

Ethical Leadership Literature Review

… Ethical behavior is all about internally control one's behavior using the five essentials that have been discussed so far. These characteristics form the overall social responsibility stamina in a person and various other forms of responsibility involving the direction of one's behavior internally (Winter, 1992a).

Hence, if we are to describe an ethical leader, it would be like someone who feels responsibility for an agenda, is countable enough to work on it, is internally motivated and satisfied by working ethically on that agenda (instead of thinking only about the profits that project would make ). Responsibility itself has different facets. Responsibility is also referred to as feeling responsible for others (e.g., Blasi, 1983; Hoffman, 1982; Sartre, 1947). In other cases, responsibility could take the form…. [read more]

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