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Organizational Accountability Review of Taiwan Peer-Reviewed Journal

… Ironically enough, the word "typhoon" means the deadly storm of Taiwan. The most recent typhoon in Taiwan, Morakot, is historically the most damaging.

The impacts of the typhoon are incommensurable in the short-term. In the Morakot Monsoon, there was a loss of over 600 lives and the loss of homes and of entire villages buried in the land or mudslides. Aside from the social aspect of the tragedy, the country faces the long-term economic impacts. The tourist industry, for example, is one of the most important generators of income to the state budget. The Morakot Monsoon caused losses of approximately $500 million (National Disaster Prevention and Protection Commission, 2009). These losses accounted for both destructions within the tourist industry as well as associated losses from…. [read more]


Organizational Theory Criticism of the Government Essay

… Organizational Theory

Criticism of the government has taken a toll with most of the theories of criticism claiming that the government is politically idealistic, economically inefficient, and morally corrupt. In this context, this study identifies a number of theories currently being discussed in criticisms of the government.

The Elite Theory offered a number of probes in the American political hypothesis of pluralism. This is contrary to the popularity-based framework where vested parties seeking to propel their ideologies plentifully speak the large groups with contending diversions. Scholars like Schattschneider contended that the force framework is predisposition energetic about the most learned and most elevated livelihood parts of social order. He further demonstrated that the contrast between individuals who take part in vested party movement and those…. [read more]


American Government and Politics Today Essay

… Government

Why did the Framers of the Constitution create a bicameral legislature? Was part of the reason for a two-house legislature the idea that it would be more difficult to pass legislation, therefore serving as a check on a runaway legislature? What impact does this have today? Is it easy for Congress to agree on legislation?

There are three main reasons.

The primary reason was an issue of chronological precedent. At the same time as the American colonists had revolted against British regulation in the Revolutionary War, they silently drew a lot of their ideas about government from their colonial understanding as British citizens. In addition, the British Parliament had two houses -- an upper chamber, the House of Lords, packed with representatives of the…. [read more]


Outsourcing of Government Functions a US Study Term Paper

… Government Outsourcing

The Outsourcing of Government Functions: a U.S. Study

Outsourcing of government functions is one of the most highly controversial practices of the 21st century. There are several prevailing positions regarding the outsourcing of government contracts to private companies. Valid arguments exist for increasing government outsourcing and for limiting future outsourcing as well. Regardless of which side one happens to be one, once thing is certain, outsourcing is a trend that is likely to continue in the future, particularly in the face of the global economy and advances in communication that make it easier than it was in the past.

By March of 2007, the number of government contractors rose to 7.5 million, which is currently four times the size of the federal workforce…. [read more]


Organizational Decision Making Best Term Paper

… While all entities ostensibly have the advancement of the United States at heart, the jurisdictions of both entities may be jealously guarded by different members of different bureaucracies. The FBI may not share information with the CIA department, due to rivalries of resources or a fear of losing jurisdiction. Also within the government, there may be conflicts between the FDA (which is in charge of promoting American's overall health and initiatives such as obesity reduction) and the Department of Agriculture (which is in charge of promoting the interests of American farmers and promoting consumption of American food products). Conflicts of interest, emotions, and the inability to see the full consequences of one's actions are taken into consideration in models of limited rationality, which are not…. [read more]


Political Science Foreign Policy Theory the Matter Research Paper

… ¶ … Political Science Foreign Policy

Theory

The matter of personal and national security has been a long lasting one throughout history. Leaders were selected and favored due to their ability to safeguard the interests and well-being of the peoples. States with lower levels of security would be attacked and conquered by larger and better developed countries.

While we would like to think that armed conflict is no longer applicable as a means of resolving disputes and that the references to national insecurity refer the times of the Roman or Ottoman empires, fact remains that international disputes continue to be present through today. Just remember Vietnam, the Gulf War, the ongoing wars in the Middle East or the most recent War on Terrorism, as forwarded…. [read more]


Rationalist Theories of International Relations Essay

… Instead, one must briefly examine what is usually meant when rationalist theories use the term "rational," because upon examination, it becomes clear that for many in the study of international relations, the "rational" choice actually means the most obvious, and a simple explanation will help to demonstrate the danger of this position.

As Hill notes, how rationality is defined has a huge effect on the subsequent analysis of decision-making, so understanding the altogether limited conception of rational provided by rationalist theories of international relations will help to point out the first danger which arises from them. In rationalist theory, nation states are generally though of as selfish entities in much the same way that human beings are generally considered, such that every nation state will…. [read more]


Organizational Theory: Strengths and Weaknesses Research Proposal

… Organizational Theory: Strengths and Weaknesses of the Modernist, Symbolic-Interpretive and Postmodern Perspectives

Organizational theory, or the theory of how individuals function within formal and informal groupings, has undergone several paradigmatic shifts: from the classical or modern systems theory style of analysis, to the symbolic interpretive paradigm, to postmodern theory, although all of these ideas continue, to some extent, to influence managerial practices in business and public organizations. The modernist or classic theory of organizations came about partially as a result of the ideas of Max Weber and Karl Marx. It views modern bureaucracies as a product of industrialization and the need to organize, classify, and negotiate the complexities of urban life. Industrialization requires organizations to be standardized, mechanized, and impersonal, and proceed according to objective…. [read more]


Organizational Behavior in a Competitive Term Paper

… In fact, there are companies that put HSE issues ahead of business and even profits. These companies consistently strive to improve the image of legitimacy among shareholders, public and the government by setting and implementing very high HSE standards.

They consciously invest resources and manpower to achieve these high standards and look for ways and means to improve the standards and practices, although this may not result in tangible profits. Shell and British Petroleum have very comprehensive HSE policies, rules and requirements, which has to be complied not only by employees but also by suppliers, contractors and service providers. Since the petroleum business is globally very competitive and highly regulated by governments for safety and environmental protection, other oil companies, whether medium or small, are…. [read more]


Organizational Behavior the Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster Research Proposal

… Organizational Behavior

The Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster - Organizational Behavior as a Matter of Life and Death

Case Summary

The Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster commences with a short presentation of the NASA's shuttle being disintegrated 16 minutes after reentering the earth's atmosphere. The disaster which killed seven crew members and kept the attention of the space exploration annals had been caused by technical mistakes. Interestingly enough, the commission appointed to investigate the disaster revealed that at the bottom of the technical troubles stood shortages in the organizational management. "According to the board, the stage of these technical troubles was set by a more fundamental cause - deeply rooted problems in the organizational management of NASA's Space Shuttle Program itself. One might not expect to find…. [read more]


Nonprofit Organizations Theory Management Policy Essay

… Nonprofit Organizations: Theory, Management, Policy

Q1.Nonprofit organizations

Although the economic recession has had a negative effect upon many industries, nonprofit organizations have suffered more acutely, given their dependence upon donations. Quite simply, when people are cutting back, personal donations are not considered necessities. The 2008 recession also decimated many endowments. Government financial difficulties have limited state and federal support for nonprofits. To take the example of one nonprofit, the St. Barnabas Hospital "witnessed a 10% increase in demand" while "governmental budget cuts" reduced revenue (Cannon 2011).

However, nonprofits spanning from organizations like UNICEF to universities play a vital role in our domestic and also our international economy. Governments must continue to try to support and leave untaxed the vital functions of nonprofit institution, especially when…. [read more]


World Order Soft Power Non-State Actors Marxism and Constructivism Future Hypothetical System Term Paper

… Globalization, soft power, NGOs, and world order

Soft Power

What is a soft power?

Soft power is a concept that describes the ways and means that a particular nation uses in persuading other nations to accept her policies. A nation that uses soft power may uses things like cooperative programs and financial aids in attracting other nations. The nation considers other nations as partners and uses incentive ways to capture their interest. Soft power contrasts with hard power, which uses coercion, military force, and other influential ways in achieving desired objectives.

How do proponents of using a soft power argues that the U.S. should address the increasing economic and military growth of China?

Some of the proponents that are using soft power in exhibiting their…. [read more]


Human Rights in Human Security Context Research Paper

… Human Rights in Human Security Context

Human right is an upcoming element of understanding human behavioral patterns and vulnerabilities about change and challenges. Human security conversely is an upcoming element of understanding universal vulnerabilities concerning change and challenges. This is because many scholars argue about the issue of human security and claim that it should be more individual rather than worldwide. Security should be a public-centered view for individuals, society and global growth. This is a concept that involves a number of scholars researching to develop strategies on how to understand and give human rights. The United Nations Development Program on the Human Development Report stated that freedom from fear and freedom from want for every individual is the only effective way to solve the…. [read more]


What Factors Affects the US President Foreign Policy Decision-Making Process About Iran Research Paper

… ¶ … U.S. President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process About Iran?

President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process is a lucrative feature that ensures maintenance of security and stability of many organs of management in the U.S.A. The existence of the state and sovereignty of the government of the United States is all dependent on the natural and synthetic features of its decision-making processes as concerns foreign issues. The U.S. President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process has suffered immense criticism from other states and governments

The manner in which the country has handled issues concerning other nations is statistical. For instance, actions against Iran and Iraq are tantamount to the relationship existing between the two countries now. Therefore, the existence of intensive U.S. President Foreign Policy…. [read more]


Role of the Manager in an Organizations Ethical Policies and Practice Essay

… ¶ … Role of Managers in Organizational Ethics

Ethics in Organizational Management

One of the more defining changes in contemporary business and other professional organizations, particularly in the 21st century, has been the relative importance of organizational ethics (Stevens, 2008). Generally, organizational ethics apply to internal relations, such as in recruitment, hiring, training, supervision, performance assessment, career opportunity and development, promotions, and human resource issues. Generally, organizational ethics apply to external relations, such as in competitive practices, regulatory compliance, and community and global stewardship (Caldwell, Hayes, Bernal, et al., 2008). Organizational management relates directly to organizational ethics by establishing formal organizational policies, procedures, protocols, and practices, as well as by establishing the bases for an informal corporate culture that reflects the importance of ethical principles…. [read more]


Anarchy the Debate That Summarizes Term Paper

… Yes, while free will controls almost all of our daily decisions and lifetime decisions such as where to attend school, who to marry, what to do for a career or even what to have for breakfast is somehow missed his the ultimate requirement of succumbing to something greater than oneself as seen in natural law and all except a generalized ideals which govern society truly, in my opinion.

POLITICAL LIMITATIONS OF ANARCHY

If politics is the art of human coexistence then anarchy stands in a very particular light to the art form. The political world often seems as if it is a true and honest representation of the anarchist model of discourse. Individual and special interests dominate the visions of the greater common good seen…. [read more]


Urban Government Term Paper

… Urban Govt

Over a century before the age of industrialization and urbanization in America, the Founding Fathers held conflicting visions of what form localized governments should take. Federalists like James Madison, though they may not have envisioned the sheer size to which American cities would grow, espoused a strong centralized system of government. The Federalist model would be evident in the urban machine model that characterized the city governments of almost all major American centers during the Industrial Age. The urban machine and its head of state the "Boss" consisted of a strong singular leader, with minimal public participation in local political affairs. At the same time, Federalists opposed strong state governments, implying ultimately weak powers offered to county and city governments. At the opposite…. [read more]


American Government Question One (Interest Groups) Term Paper

… American Government

QUESTION ONE (Interest Groups): There are a number of political experts and observers who believe interest groups - or, according to Democracy Under Pressure (Cummings, 224-241), also called the "power elite" - in reality are the forces that make public policy at the federal level. And so, with this system entrenched, it will not be easy to change the way power is wielded in American government dynamics. Cummings writes (225) that "...lobbyists for interest groups are able to exert influence by means of campaign contributions and fund raising" (229), how healthy is that for the average consumer who just wants fairness and honesty in government? it's unhealthy, and difficult to change.

What changes could be made to reduce interest groups' influence? First of…. [read more]


Organizational Structure Type From Chapter Research Paper

… The agency also has to take into account its relationship and affects from and by the media as well as the broader public. As far as what organizational theories are in play, there are several that are obviously in play. First, the presence of stakeholders that may or may not be part of the regimented organizational structure is one thing that has to be taken into account. The media and public examples mentioned above are just two example of ones that are not official stakeholders and not officially part of the organization but must be taken seriously. The mayor is the leader but is also a stakeholder and the mayor is subject to political and other sources of influence and actions that may be counterintuitive…. [read more]


Learning Organizations Given Such Rapid Research Paper

… Learning Organizations

Given such rapid and increasingly complex changes across the world in business and technology, how can companies ensure that they will be able to continue to keep in pace and succeed in the future? What is the best way to face these major continuous transitions, which not only impact work but families, communities and society as a whole? One of the suggestions is a the field called organizational learning, which explores and analyzes different methods to design and build organizations in order to effectively meet their goals and mission, motivate employees to attain their full potential and bring about positive change in the world. In a learning organization, employees continually create, acquire and transfer knowledge -- helping their company adapt to the unpredictability…. [read more]


Examine Failure of Enron Research Paper

… Organizational Behavior and the Enron Collapse

The first major corporate collapse resulting from organizational leadership and mismanagement throughout the company was the 2001 Enron implosion. In retrospect, the Enron case demonstrates the manner in which charismatic leadership style, dysfunctional organizational culture, totalitarian rule, and one-dimensional employee evaluations based on performance measures can destroy an organization from within. The study of Enron reveals shortcomings of exclusive reliance on certain styles of leadership and organizational management based on cult-like aspects of social psychology within the vocational realm.

Leadership Issues

Generally, neither the charismatic leadership style nor the transformational leadership style is considered particularly appropriate for financial services firms because, by nature, those types of organizations rely on highly skilled professionals and do not have high turnover (or…. [read more]


Theory and Social Policy Essay

… ¶ … Social Policy: KiwiSaver as a Social Policy

A vitally important social / economic policy that the New Zealand Government launched - thanks in part to the progressive influences of the Labour Alliance Coalition and cooperation from private providers and employers - is called KiwiSaver ("Poua he Oranga"). KiwiSaver is a kind of savings program to help all citizens prepare financially for their retirement, or whatever their future plans happen to be. The benefits are many, and the program is flexible. This program was certainly not designed with Maori needs in mind exclusively, but indeed KiwiSaver offers returns to individuals - if they take advantage of it - that may not be as well off financially as they would like to be in terms…. [read more]


Government Intervention in the Steel Term Paper

… This was followed by successful lobbying by the steel industry for steel cartels during President Roosevelt's "New Deal" program.

During World War II, the government policy had turned in favor of labor unions and the U.S. steel industry quickly unionized to win government contracts. After the war, the industry continued to depend on a "trigger price policy" that automatically triggered import quotas whenever the price of imported steel fell below a certain level.

Over the last two centuries, the U.S. steel industry and its lobbyists have used all the arguments in the book, ranging from "infant industry" argument in the nineteenth century to a "senescent industry" argument (i.e., that the industry was old and creaky and "stuck" with outdated equipment) in the post World War…. [read more]


Human Resources Managing Organisational Culture Dissertation

… d).

Understanding of organisational culture and cultural types also helps the understanding of why managerial reforms may impact differently within and between organisations. An organisation with a predominantly internal process culture, for example, may be more resistant to reforms aimed at promoting innovation. It is expected that staff in high uncertainty avoidance cultures to be more concerned with rule-following and more reluctant to risk changing jobs - both factors of some importance for those reformers who want to deregulate bureaucracies and encourage more rapid job change in the public service'. Businesses in both the private and public sectors have come to understand that organisational change frequently requires changing the organisation's culture and learning (O'Donnell & Boyle, 2008).

Whatever the purpose and performance results of culture…. [read more]


Government the Diversionary Effects of War by US Presidents Term Paper

… Government - the Diversionary Effects of War by U.S. Presidents

The world we live in seems to be one of the most important periods in the history of humanity, as no other epoque has seen more development in terms of technology, information, and psychological manipulation. Indeed, this is the result of evolution and revolutions. However at the same time, it can be said that there are some precepts which fail to become dissolute. In this sense, in the 18th century theories have argued what today can be justified. Carl von Clausevitz considered after the French Prussian conflicts that in fact, wars represent just politics conducted with different means. Nowadays, when future offers humanity endless possibilities of traveling, thought, nanotechnology, it also ensures that populations, no…. [read more]


Organizational Theory: A Synthesis and Application Term Paper

… Organizational Theory: A Synthesis and Application to the Public School System

Although much of organizational theory is viewed through the prism of for-profit corporate experience, it is still possible to apply its principles to non-profit corporations and public service entities, like the public school system. Organizational theory can be a helpful guide in understanding what types of approaches to educating the next generation of young people work, and which approaches do not work, even though education can never be viewed as a static commodity. Organizational theory provides guidance as to how to change one's own style of leadership to meet the needs of the situation, as a single leadership style is never universally appropriate, and give guidelines how to assess different educational situations to foster…. [read more]


Organizational Commitment Study of White-Collar, Seasonal Contingent Research Proposal

… Organizational Commitment

Study of White-Collar, Seasonal Contingent Worker's Organizational Commitment within a Wholly (99%) Seasonal Environment

The past several decades have witnessed a number of fundamental transformations in the American workforce, including an increased number of non-traditional workers such as contingent workers (Mayfield & Mayfield, 2007). These types of nontraditional employment arrangement can provide a number of advantages for companies because they offer more cost-effective and flexible staffing arrangements, and have been shown to improve employee morale and the retention of high quality employees who prefer nonstandard work hours (Mayfield & Mayfield). According to these authors, in spite of the increasing reliance on contingent and other nontraditional workers, there remains a dearth of research concerning relevant best practices in motivating these workers. Consequently, a number…. [read more]


Organization Behavior ASDA Stores Business Essay

… It has to formulate policies and long-term strategies by keeping in view the political, governmental, and legal forces so as to avoid unwanted legal constraints in the future (Frederic, Agnes, & John 2011). Similarly, it has to offer products and design marketing strategies according to the social and demographical factors of its target markets. The competitive pressures also require ASDA Stores to focus on technological aspect of its business operations. In a nutshell, each and every environmental factor has a direct or indirect impact on the company's business and operations (Ellwood 2002).

RESOURCE Management

ASDA Stores is the second largest retailer and the subsidiary of world's No.1 retail giant, Wal-Mart. It depicts a strong brand image and financial strength of ASDA Stores in the country…. [read more]


Political Framework of EU Thesis

… As a result, European nations looked forward to developing nations such as Asia, Africa and South America for the purchase of these necessities. For developing nations this was an opportunity to become known as suppliers of grist, therefore, they were willing to enter into this trade agreement. However, what European Leaders wanted was more than a simple trade agreement; their aim was to enforce their rules on these nations, making them colonies of the infinite European empire. Therefore, they entered into the agreement after setting out a lot of rules for the dependent nations to follow. As time passed by, these rules made the European leaders indirectly administer the nation, thus the nations became a part of European empire. History reveals that the imperialism is…. [read more]


IR Journal Who Started the Cold War? Research Proposal

… IR Journal

Who started the Cold War? Does the question matter in any way?

The Cold War constitutes a representative time in world history for two distinct reasons. First of all, it was not in itself a war in the general understating of armed and military conflict, but a battle of ideologies and technological advancements. A race was set to establish the technological leader of the world. Secondly, the Cold War is important due to the players it engaged. On the one hand, there was the United States of America striving to become the new leader. At the other side stood the Soviet Union, which strived hard to maintain its position as world leader.

Another interesting characteristic of the Cold War refers to the emergence…. [read more]

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