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Al Qaeda Is an International Essay

… With United States of America expanding its operations in many countries it requires smooth flow of funds all the time in order to sustain its troops in those places which again shows us that Al Qaeda has successfully able to achieve its strategy for this part.

Make enemy fight amongst them:

This is a very important strategy for Al Qaeda and very big weakness of the United States and the allied countries that Al Qaeda is aiming to make these countries fight amongst themselves so that in the end they could be more vulnerable to Al Qaeda. The group has use this tactics on several occasions especially in areas where war against terrorism is still in process. Places like Afghanistan where the North Atlantic Treaty…. [read more]


Origins of Al Qaeda Term Paper

… Origins of Al Qaeda

The Origins of Al-Qaeda: The World View of Osama Bin Laden and Ayman Al-Zawahiri, the leaders of Al-Qaeda."

Al-Qaeda and its leaders, Osama Bin Laden and Ayman Al-Zawahiri are frequently popular world news subjects.

The world seems to want to be constantly aware of the goings on of these people and their organization. There is no secret to the desired need for this information. As most people know Al-Qaeda is a significant and ongoing threat to the world, with regard to terrorist activities and continued fundamentalist extremism with regard to jihad, or what these extremists see as a holy war against the rest of the world, but mostly the Western world. This work will begin with a short introduction to the…. [read more]


Al QA'ida Trans-National Terrorist Network Term Paper

… Al Qa'ida Trans-national Terrorist Network'.

Al Qa'ida, which means the "Foundation "or the "Base" in Arabic, is the general name given to this organization, which is seen as a worldwide or transnational network or alliance of militant Islamic organizations. (Wikipedia: Al Qa'ida) However there are some disparities and ambiguities that must be mentioned in relation to the naming of this organization. Firstly, the name "al-Qa'ida," while a recognized name within the popular mind, is a designation that the organization does not often use to identify itself.

Furthermore, the origins of the name is disputed in some quarters and "some allege it was coined by the United States government based on the name of a computer file of Bin Laden's that listed the names of contacts…. [read more]


Al Qaeda: Ideology, Goals Term Paper

… S. And Canada), Europe and Southeast Asia.

The U.S. became a major target in the condition that the majority has different religion and the powerful resource the country has, nevertheless, this could be just one reason among the others. In the Indictment of Zacarias Moussaoui, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia listed that Al Qaeda might see that the U.S. is not ruled based on their interpretation of proper government of their belief. They see the U.S. As "infidel," and also, they might be thinking that the U.S. would "support other "infidel" governments and institutions. This is an international scope of the suspicion and yet Al Qaeda really planned that far. They fear the U.S. would give significant influence in…. [read more]


Al-Qaeda Developing a Coherent Strategy Article

… S. And European nations. These attacks have resulted in the loss of thousands of lives (Post, 2002), and the number continues to grow. Keeping in mind the aforementioned description of Al-Qaeda's background, power structure, operation methods and ideology, one can easily conduct an examination of the strengths and weakness of the group and determine how best to achieve victory over this multi-faced foe.

The Chinese General and military strategist, Sun Tzu, in his book 'The Art of War' (Giles, 2005) has famously said, "To fight and conquer in all our battles, is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy's resistance without fighting." A well-thought out strategy is required to defeat a foe of such vast influence and caliber. It should in no…. [read more]


Al Qaeda: Current and Future Trends Term Paper

… Al Qaeda: Current and Future Trends

Many people were heard to observe that "things would never be the same" following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and some even suggested the Osama bin Laden could consider himself a "dead man walking." Almost seven years have passed, though, and while it is reasonable to assert that many things have changed, bin Laden and his al Qaeda network remain a fundamental threat to U.S. interests at home and abroad. Although there have been some military successes, fighting this shadowy international terrorist organization has defied other approaches. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of al Qaeda, and its organizational and developmental history. In addition, the group's base and location of operations and its…. [read more]


Hezbollah and Al-Qaeda -- Known Terrorist Organizations Research Paper

… Hezbollah and Al-Qaeda -- Known Terrorist Organizations

Hezbollah

The group known as Hezbollah is a military, political and social organization in Lebanon which adheres to Shiite status in its Islamic religious / cultural ethnicity. Whereas Hezbollah was once a "…shadowy militant group" known only for its terror-related attacks, now Hezbollah has become the top political force in Lebanon (The New York Times, 2012). According to sources at the federal level of the U.S., Hezbollah receives strong financial and military backing from the rogue Islamic nation of Iran; it is said that Iran has kicked in up to $200 million annually although those figures may be out of date. Hezbollah also receives financial and military support from Syria.

Some of the main goals of Hezbollah have…. [read more]


Intelligence and Politics Origins and Reasons Book Review

… Intelligence and Politics

Origins and Reasons of Intelligence Intervention in Policy -- Uri Bar-Joseph

The salient question raised by Uri Bar-Joseph in his book Origins and Reasons of Intelligence Intervention in Policy, has to do with intelligence professionals interfering with -- or otherwise being allowed to have enormous influence over -- foreign policy decisions made by political leaders. Bar-Joseph's book also deals with political leaders who use intelligence-gathering experts -- and their findings -- to formulate personal agenda-advancing policies in a way that is an anathema to good government. This paper reviews and critiques Bar-Joseph's book -- as well as his 2009 article in Political Science Quarterly -- and provides scholarly sources as additional perspectives on what Bar-Joseph asserts and documents.

Moreover, there are arguments…. [read more]


Korematsu Rasul Al Odah and Hamdi Cases Term Paper

… Korematsu, Rasul, Al Odah, And Hamdi Terrorist and War Cases

Since the September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001, the Constitution of the United States has come under considerable scrutiny both by citizens and by the world in general. Issues relating to detaining persons suspected of terrorist activity is a particularly contentious issue. Many have held the opinion that the Government has overstepped its bounds by holding detainees without providing them with counsel or the opportunity to defend themselves. Supreme Court Cases are often cited as evidence of the Government's unconstitutional practices, as well as violations of international agreements such as the Geneva Convention.

There are several Supreme Court Cases that pertain to the issue of detainees. The case of Korematsu provides evidence that the issue…. [read more]


Al Qaeda in the Looming Tower Al Qaeda and the Road to 9-11 Book Review

… Looming Tower: A Book Review

The attacks which occurred on September 11th 2001 were immediately received by the United States as an act of war. Indeed, when commercial airliners slammed into the two towers comprising the World Trade Center, into the Pentagon and into a field in Pennsylvania, there could be little doubt that the United States had been victimized by a sophisticated and highly coordinated terrorist attack designed to produce significant monetary and human casualties. Within hours of the attacks, allegations emerged that terrorist mastermind and wealthy Saudi financier Osama bin Ladin and his al-Qaeda terrorist networks were claiming responsibility for the attacks. Then president George W. Bush proceeded with a plan for full-scale invasion of Afghanistan -- and Iraq soon after -- which…. [read more]


Threat Analysis for Al-Qaeda Thesis

… Threat Analysis for Al-Qaeda

Al-Qaeda is a shadowy Islamist terrorist organization that gained notoriety as a result of several high-profile terrorist attacks on Western and American targets in the 1990s, culminating in the devastating attack on the twin-towers and the Pentagon in September, 2001. The organization is considered as enemy number one by the United States and its allies and has been a major target in the U.S.'s "War on Terror." Because of its secretive and shadowy nature, it is arguable whether al-Qaeda has weakened or gained in strength since 2001 and the extent of threat posed by it to its avowed enemies is also difficult to quantify. This research paper is a threat analysis of al-Qaeda which outlines the historical background of the organization,…. [read more]


Top Al-Qai'da Leaders, Living or Dead Research Paper

… ¶ … top al-Qai'da leaders, living or dead, and determine the reasons why they chose to participate in violence against the U.S./West

Al Qaeda (which means "the base" in Arabic) has come to the forefront of the media in recent years as the world's most notorious terrorist organization. They have been held responsible for the September 11, 2001 attacks inflicted on the World Trade Center and Pentagon. It was founded by Osama Bin Laden in the later half of the 1980's and was aimed at eradicating any form of western control over Muslim nations and establishing Islamic administration. It is supposed to have originated at an office of the International Muslim Brigade which resisted Afghanistan's invasion by Soviet forces in 1979. This was followed by…. [read more]


Abu Sayyaf Group (Asg) Essay

… Legaspi, GMA News)." JI continues to be held responsible for lethal strikes in Indonesia such as the Bali bombing during 2002 as well as Marriot Hotel bombing during 2003. Abu Sayyaf has acquired fame for kidnapping ordinary people, such as foreign vacationers, from Palawan right down to bordering Malaysia in recent times. The incidents of 9/11 initially had restored Washington's attention in Southeast Asian matters however dialogue and obvious insufficient military action from the U.S. within the area remains frame-worked with a security-focused viewpoint. Merging supporters of the linear military method and advocates of a far more extensive method to resist the region's terrorism dilemma, the fight against terrorism has been prone to strengthen deep-rooted yet traditional types of involvement amid the U.S. And Southeast…. [read more]


Earth Liberation Front (Elf) Case Study

… The ELF has been able to carry out its operations in an effective manner because of having a decentralized controlling body with no leader or hierarchy of command structure. Additionally, working underground and having autonomous members are the key benefits due to which the movement cannot be completely discontinued. Even if the counter-terrorist agencies infiltrate or capture one of their cells, the movement would continue its operations because of having no formal structure (Leader & Probst, 2003).

The ELF movement works and operates in support of various other network groups. Since no formal membership is offered to the individuals, the estimation of the total number of people involved with the group becomes complicated and difficult. However, from the records, it has come to notice that…. [read more]


Hezbollah's History, Ideology, Goals Research Paper

… In addition, as recently as 2006, Hezbollah launched rockets into civilian-occupied communities in Israel, precipitating yet another brief but deadly war between the belligerents. In this regard, Lambeth reports that, "Israeli Defense Forces were unable to stem the relentless daily barrage of short-range Katyusha rockets that Hezbollah fired into civilian population centers in northern Israel until the cease-fire finally ended that deadly harassment" (2009, p. 82). At the time, Lambeth suggests that "Hezbollah was an effective military presence in southern Lebanon" (2009, 83).

Besides the constant barrage of short-range Katyushas rocket against Israel in 2006, Hezbollah also fired a volley of medium-range rockets into northern Israel, and a number of them succeeded in striking near the town of Afula, located 30 miles south of the…. [read more]


International Terrorism Explain the Origins Essay

… The objective of the criminal intelligence is to enhance the understanding of the issue under investigation in order that sensible decisions may be achieved (Kelly, Chin & Schatzberg, 2004). From this delineation, weak intellect ability can prevent investigators from acquiring information that may aid them in securing seizures, arrests, and prosecutions in investigations. This is how national security and criminal intelligence relates to the efforts of those combating terrorism and violent extremism.

Question 4

Describe the importance of foreign policy in homeland security operations.

The U.S. Homeland Security Department is based on the founding mission of protecting the U.S. from terrorism. While the United States is stronger and more resilient because of a powerful homeland security entity, risks from terrorism continue to persist and continue…. [read more]


Al Capone or Al Qaeda?: Organized Crime and Counterterrorism as Law Enforcement Priorities Essay

… The impossibility of the fight in Mexico, combined with the high potential for profit in the trade, made this defection happen. It is important to note, however, that Los Zetas have technically only been their own cartel since 2010: from 1999 to 2010, they were essentially the paramilitary enforcement wing of the Gulf Cartel. But by 2010, Los Zetas split off from the Gulf Cartel, and became a rival: they are currently better-organized and quite possibly more profitable than either of the two older rivals, the Gulf and Sinaloa Cartels. However, their origins as military commandos are the most noteworthy fact about them -- it would be as if the Navy Seals took over the crystal meth trade in the American Midwest, or if an…. [read more]


Extraordinary Rendition Refers to the Practice Research Paper

… Extraordinary Rendition refers to the practice of transferring terror suspects from one country to another by means that bypass all judicial due process. After their secret transfer to selected countries, which do not care much for human rights or the due process, the suspects are subjected to brutal interrogation methods to gather information. Most such 'renditions' are initiated by the United States, although they are tacitly approved by several U.S. allies, and the objective is to gather intelligence about international terrorist networks by whatever means necessary without judicial oversight. Although the rendition policy for forcible transportation of terror suspects to other countries was started by the Clinton administration during the 1990s, it has considerably expanded in scope under the Bush administration especially after the 9/11…. [read more]


Attack in 2001 Term Paper

… ¶ … attack in 2001 was in some ways a complete surprise to most Americans, though the country really should have expected that something like this would happen in time. The World Trade Center had been attacked before in 1992, showing not only the desire on the part of Islamic extremists to cause such damage but also what sort of target they were likely to choose. Those who monitor these types of attacks knew that these groups would try again and that it would appeal to them to attack the same target they had failed to bring down last time, which is what they did. For most Americans, though, the specific group Al-Qaeda and its leader, Osama bin Laden, might have been less well-known, though…. [read more]


Hezbollah the Formation and Perpetuation Research Paper

… Though Hezbollah's basic goals did not change following the terrorist attacks of September 11th, 2001, its self-positioning and certain of its actions have undergone significant changes in the past decade that have given the organization even greater legitimacy and political power within Lebanon and the larger region of the Middle East -- and even in the West, to some degree.

Continuing to engage in only the same actions and attitudes it had practiced for twenty years, engaging in guerilla and rocket attacks on Israeli targets, agitating the public through speeches and propaganda, and other common elements of terrorist organizations, would almost certainly have made Hezbollah a much more prominent target for Western ire. Though this would not necessarily have spelled doom for the organization it…. [read more]


Terrorism in Seattle Case Study

… On December 29, 1999, Seattle Mayor Paul Schell with the concurrence of the City Council decided to cancel the Millennium Celebration, even though it had been planned for over 24 months. The ostensible reason was a potential terrorist attack, based on the December 14th arrest of an Algerian man, Ahmed Ressam, who was arrested in Port Angeles with enough explosives to blow up at least one major building. When Ressam was arrest boarding a ferry, investigators found that he had booked up a hotel room for one night near the Space Needle. While there was no "direct evidence" that Ressam was planning to blow up the Needle, this and recent events in Seattle led to the decision to end all events by 6pm on New…. [read more]


International Terrorism Term Paper

… International Terrorism

Terrorism is now considered to be the largest threat facing the international system and the security framework around the world. Its transnational nature and the unconventional means used have transformed the phenomenon into an indisputable challenge for the national security strategies. In this context there are various types of terrorism which differ in the aims and scope of the issues targeted. Therefore, the differences existing between groups such as Hamas, Hezbollah, the Islamic Jihad, or the PKK only come to prove the complexity of the terrorist phenomenon which has come to influence from the conduct of everyday life up to the highest levels of decision making.

Hamas is one of the most representative and well-known terrorist groups fighting for the Palestinian cause. It…. [read more]


September 11 Term Paper

… Before the attacks on the World Trade Center took place, people from different origins lived there safely without being targeted in any way. They set up their businesses there and lived peacefully. There was a sense of security that prevailed for all people living in the U.S., and there was a great respect for human life no matter what color caste or creed. Even if differences did significantly exist, the media did not splash them out as it is today.

Since the attacks on the World Trade Center took place, all residents and permanent citizens of the U.S. have lost their sense of security. Today, a non-white is seen as a threat to humanity and non-Muslims, especially if s/he is of Arab origin. Anyone with…. [read more]


Israeli Palestinian Conflict and the Middle East Term Paper

… International Politics

The Threat of Terrorism the Context of International Relations between the U.S. And the Middle East

The threat of terrorism in the U.S. is inextricably linked to the events in the Middle East and the perceived role of the U.S. many of those events; especially in the Israeli/Palestinian disputes. The U.S. is a major power and the country has not been afraid to use that power in international relations. It is the way that the power has been used, often for the support of Israel, to the detriment of Arabic nations.

To appreciate this one can look at the way in which the U.S. has supported Israel, this was seen with the 'friendship' formed between Kennedy and David Ben-Gurion (Bass 2). Building ion…. [read more]


Hamas and Fatah: Palestinian Territories Term Paper

… ¶ … Politics [Foreign Policy Questions and Answers

Both Hamas and Fatah continue in their struggle for political control of the Palestinian Territories and economic control of the support that comes from outside. This has led to open fighting along factional lines. What impact do you think this will have on the region and on the efforts to find peace with Israel?

The present Hamas vs. Fatah political and other factionalism in Palestine clearly will not and cannot help the peace process. Palestinians must be united and sincere in a desire for peace; and (at least in my own opinion) this has not ever happened and is clearly not happening now. There has been much more (albeit always-evaporated, at least so far) hope for peace…. [read more]


Role of Law Enforcement Administrators in the Face of Increased International Terrorism Term Paper

… ¶ … Role of Law Enforcement Administrators in the face of increased International Terrorism

The origins of the office of the sheriff, both in England as well as in the United States of America are very old, and in England, it can be traced back to the time of the Norman Conquest in the year 1066. This was the time when, for the purpose of bettering their community security, the neighbors were grouped in what was known as 'tithing', and their role was to help their neighbors in times of need. These were groups of ten members, and when tithes were arranged in larger groups, of ten members each, and then they were known as shires, making up to one hundred members. These shires were…. [read more]


Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gangs: Threat to National Security? Thesis

… ¶ … predominantly Latino Gangs, Mara Salvatrucha (aka MS-13), and the 18th Street Gang operating on the streets of communities across America. This study is significant because it will provide a snapshot in time concerning how these violent gangs operate in this country in ways that can inform and alert both civilian society and government agencies concerning optimal responses to the problem created by these gangs. Through a quantitative and qualitative analysis of documentary evidence and governmental statistics about the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang, this study developed several conclusive findings on the negative effects of these groups in the United States. The Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang are becoming transnational criminal organizations given the fact that they originated in Central America and…. [read more]


Post-Conflict, Peace / Nation Building in Iraq and Afghanistan Term Paper

… Post-Conflict, Peace/Nation Building in Iraq and Afghanistan

Somehow, within a forty year span of time, the United States has found itself ensnared in multiple wars in Asia at the same time. Again, unless we can influence the postwar nation building process, powers that are inimical to United States interests (in the present Iran) will fill the vacuum upon the American withdrawal. In this short essay, this author will list two lessons learned from our wars apply it to the defacto American raj in Afghanistan and Iraq. First is not to become too closely associated with present unpopular regimes as it is doing with the present administrations in the countries in which we are "nation-building." Also, staying engaged in a never ending guerrilla war that has…. [read more]


Middle East, Counter-Terrorism Term Paper

… ¶ … Middle East, Counter-Terrorism and what the writer believes can be done in that area of the nation to promote peace. There were three sources used to complete this paper.

COUNTERTERROISM IDEAS AND THOUGHTS

Violence in the Middle East has been an issue for many years. For the most part the recent violence has been founded in the problems between militant Muslims and non-Muslims. The militant Muslims have come to believe that a government run by secular boundaries will fail the people of the nations (Terrorism and Homeland security pp. 154). The violence comes from disagreements about who shall govern the region and what regions shall be governed as one entity.

Militant Islamists' ideology is racist and anti-Semitic. Its origins date to the movement…. [read more]


Jamatt Ul-Fuqra Term Paper

… ¶ … Networked Terrorist Cell: Jamaat Ul-Fuqra

Terrorism, as defined by Merriam-Webster, is the systematic use of terror as a means of coercion.

This is, admittedly, a very broad definition which could apply equally well to conventional warfare. However, terrorism is distinguished from conventional warfare because the actors in terrorism are not sovereign states, but private organizations and individuals. Furthermore, the targets and victims of terrorism are not military combatants or structures, but often unarmed civilians and civil structures. Most importantly, terrorist attacks are not intended to destroy a target's ability to make war, but rather to make a statement by causing discomfort and fear among the citizens of a state.

Although terrorism differs from conventional warfare in many important aspects, it shares the same…. [read more]

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