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Outsourcing and Manufacturing Operations of Apple Term Paper

… 5.

Reactions of the public to outsourcing

The actions of the company were once questioned by President Barrack Obama as well regarding the outsourcing. In response the executives said that they don't feel that "Made in U.S.A" is an option for the Apple product any more as, the excellence level of the labor abroad is a lot more along with the wages being much cheaper.

One of the most common reactions that the people have to outsourcing is the quality issues.

As it was said by Meeker and Mortensen:

There is a constant need to monitor the quality of products being made. In China the huge availability of labor makes it so cheap. However, many of workers are unskilled and therefore, it is very important…. [read more]

Operations Decision Assume Essay

… It is not only SMEs that have taken advantages of outsourcing opportunities in other countries such as India and China. Apple Inc. has grown to one of the world largest companies and still relies on outsourcing of production to manufacture its consumer goods (Lo, 2011). In many cases, outsourcing also allows firms who focus on some narrow niche to concentrate on their areas of expertise and let others handle other business functions they are not as comfortable with (Lesonsky, 2012).

One disadvantage to outsourcing internationally in developing markets is that these countries often lack the judicial system to protect property rights (Goldberg, 2009). However, since the design of U.S. Custom Apparel does not consist of any trade secrets, it is unlikely that there would be…. [read more]

Outsourcing Its Impact the Effects Term Paper

… Till the organizations are not sure about the strategic advantage they intend to achieve from outsourcing, merely outscoring due to cost related benefits is not an optimal choice for hotel industry. The author described that the propensity of Canary Island hotels has been due to some specific priorities such as

Competitive priorities

Reduction of cost

Increasing profitability of firm

Service improvement

Quality enhancement

The companies that decide to outsource some of their services or manufacturing and production processes are impacted in several manners. Firstly, these are a great deal of cost reduction in payroll and procurement of materials. It has been observed that developing economies not only have cheaper human resources but raw materials are also low cost as compared to the developed countries. The…. [read more]

Outsourcing When the Business Functions Are Contracted Research Paper

… ¶ … Outsourcing

When the business functions are contracted to other parties and businesses, it is usually termed as outsourcing. The term is often confused with another term, offshoring. Although there are companies who outsource their business when there is no need to offshore. When there is a contract based agreement between two organization for sharing services and payments, it is termed as outsourcing (Hira and Hira 78). One of the main advantages of business function outsourcing is that the businesses and the companies can function better and well in their core competencies as there is more availability of better and more expanded skills in the areas of business that have been outsourced.

One of the main facts based on which outsourcing has been used…. [read more]

Ethics Project Outsourcing Manufacturing Term Paper

… Outsourcing Manufacturing


US Regulatory Agencies

federal government has 50 or so regulatory agencies, which are empowered to create and implement rules and regulations with the full force of the law (Longley, 2011). Examples are the Food and Drug Administration, Environmental Protection Agency and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. They can fine, sanction, force to close or even prosecute individuals, businesses or any private or public organizations, which violate federal regulations. The rulemaking process creates and enacts federal regulations. This begins when Congress passes a law in recognition of and tackling an economic need or problem. The existing and appropriate regulatory agency creates the necessary regulations to implement the law. Acts by regulatory agencies are called "enabling legislations" as they empower the agencies…. [read more]

Outsourcing Has Made Great Controversy Essay

… As such, "it's causing real pain to real people" (Reingold, 2004). Many companies are even going as far as to relocate foreign nationals in the United States, as another competitive move to help save costs and keep operation budgets as low as possible. With so many newly educated immigrants coming from countries like India, it is easy for many companies to replace older, and more expensive American workers even on their home soil (Reingold, 2004). Overall, it is clear that outsourcing is wrecking havoc on one of America's newest and most innovative industries, the tech industry. Here, the research posits that "The IT industry in the United States has gone from being a very high-level, well-paying industry to being very low-paying sweatshop labor, and that's…. [read more]

Outsourcing: The Effects on Pratt Essay

… By 2006 all airlines big and small became cash-strapped and therefore they began outsourcing the labor-intensive aircraft maintenance where it was cheaper because it was done by non-union workers. For the bigger airlines the younger low-cost airlines are cost efficient because they are not burdened with the in house maintenance cost. "Network carriers outsource 40% of their maintenance while low-cost carriers outsource half." (Economic Times, 2006) The Northwest Airlines has outsourced all its 'heavy maintenance' works with the line maintenance. The airlines replaced union workers with the contract outside vendors. Likewise U.S. Airways Group has sourced outside work for the airframe maintenance. Now Delta Airlines outsource most of its maintenance while Continental Airlines is the only big airline that still keeps the maintenance work in-house.…. [read more]

Outsourcing Is an Appropriation Term Paper

… Another advantage is better focus on core processes rather than supporting ones. Outsourcing takes the guess work out of supportive processes allowing companies to pay more attention to their core processes. Risk-sharing or risk-analysis, tends to be the most determinant factor. Outsourcing specific components allows the company to assign certain responsibilities to the outsourced vendor. The vendor is a specialist so they plan the risk-mitigating factors more effectively. Another important advantage is a reduction in operational and recruitment costs, making it the prime advantage of offshore outsourcing.

The disadvantages of outsourcing involve potential risk of revealing confidential data. When an organization outsources for instance, Human Resources, Payroll, and Recruitment services, it generates a risk of exposure of confidential business information to a third-party. A second…. [read more]

Outsourcing and International Trade Economics Term Paper

… Outsourcing & International Trade


In the past few years the United States economy has emerged as a growing economy, dramatically and irreversibly impacting the global market. One of the most significant impacts of this growing economy lies in the area of outsourcing to foreign countries. The United States government and large corporations view outsourcing as a method of enabling international trade to prosper and allowing industries to grow. This economy has an international impact in regard to the recent trend in outsourcing and off-shoring; many domestic headquartered companies are now turning to outsourcing manufacturing and production to drive down costs.

As a result, these manufacturing positions are lost in the United States, but are creating more jobs…. [read more]

Operations Management Boeing Research Paper

… The office is responsible for such improvement in order to enhance business results through high-quality project performance management. This office works collaboratively on ongoing development of project management skill, creation of best practices, common procedures and tools, and reporting systems for project performance. Under business unit, this office is responsible for developing a common project delivery system for performance visibility, value creation, and resource optimization. Through the adoption of the enterprise strategy, there are various project management teams like industry engagement, operations, and skills development and collaboration teams.


Operations management at Boeing is a multi-faceted process since the company has comprehensive production and sales procedures. This process incorporates scheduling operations, project management, location and aggregate planning, capacity planning, forecasting, designing of work systems, and…. [read more]

Human Resource Outsourcing Trends Advantages and Disadvantages Research Paper

… Human Resource Outsourcing Trends (Advantages and Disadvantages

Human Resource: Outsourcing Trends

Throughout the past decade, the societies have witnessed indubitable changes on all dimensions of life. Impressive technological advancements have been made and these have been included within daily activities to improve the quality of human life. At a social level, people are becoming better informed and as such more responsible consumers and more responsible members of the modern society by focusing on environmental stability and by reducing the consumerism levels.

A major sector revealing the importance and extent of the recent changes is the business community. Within this sector, the past decade has imposed a necessity for economic agents to readdress their business models in order to survive. Contemporaneous managers no longer perceive the…. [read more]

Pencil Manufacturing and Marketing Production Term Paper

… The four basic degrees of competition are:

Perfect Competition



Monopolistic Competition

Perfect Competition is the situation when there are too many sellers in the market and they are selling products which are identical to each other. This is a very common problem faced by the pencil manufacturers.

Monopolistic Competition occurs when a large number of sellers sell products that are similar to each other and are considered as differentby the consumers. This is a situation where the pencil sellers face the prices competition with the other sellers.

Oligopoly is a situation when there are only few sellers and they dominate the market by selling high quality products. In this case prices of the products is almost same and the investment in these products…. [read more]

Outsourcing of it Jobs Term Paper

… Outsourcing

companies first outsourced manufacturing jobs. This initial outsourcing was touted as a necessary agent because the economy of the United States was transitioning from a manufacturing-based economy to a service-based economy. Many individuals that were unemployed as a result of outsourcing in the manufacturing sectors were retrained in the area of information technology. For many years the information technology sector and jobs within this sector thrived within the United States. However, more recently there has been a significant increase in the number of IT jobs that have been outsourced to countries where skill levels are similar and the cost associated with labor is cheaper.

It is estimated that at least 250,000 highly skilled white collar jobs -- most of which are IT jobs --…. [read more]

Outsourcing Among the List Essay

… Clearly this sentence -- which received a lot of publicity in the press -- was seen in the country and on Capital Hill as "an affront to American workers" (Mankiw, 1031). The Bush Administration answered critics' questions about the focus of the ERP by saying that "We're very used to goods being produced abroad" and shipped to the U.S., but what "…we're not used to is services being produced abroad and being sent here over the Internet or telephone wires" (Mankiw, 1032).

In the second place, in 2004 Kerry and others even questioned whether free trade was still a good idea for America, given that so many jobs were moving overseas. New York's senior U.S. Senator Charles Schumer advocated the idea that the "modern global…. [read more]

Outsourcing and Relocation as Our World Term Paper

… Outsourcing and Relocation

As our world has become smaller through the advent of new technologies, the economics of business in this highly competitive global economy can now be said to revolve around profits achieved through corporate migration. The consumers of the world have new expectations for lower pricing mixed with higher quality products and services which puts a great deal of pressure on the business community. Couple these consumer demands with the pressures expected by the investment community and one gets a true sense of twenty-first century business. All areas of the American economy from both the service and manufacturing arenas have had to search for novel opportunities or strategies that systematically reduced costs while still providing increased revenues. In the past, businesses simply reduced…. [read more]

Outsourcing Business and Society in the Twenty-First Term Paper

… Outsourcing

Business and Society in the Twenty-First Century: A Brief History and Analysis of Outsourcing

One of the largest and most controversial trends in the business world today is the increasing reliance on outsourcing for a variety of business need, from data entry to customer service. Increasingly efficient and reliable telecommunications technologies and other technological and geopolitical forces have made it possible for companies to utilize large workforces in far-flung regions of the globe where wage requirements are significantly lower than in the United States and other developed countries. This has come at the direct cost of jobs in the developed world, though many proponents of outsourcing claim that it actually creates jobs in the long-term by making these companies more profitable and thus better…. [read more]

Operations and Quality Management Case Study

… Operations & Quality management (Discussion Questions)

Operations and quality management

In an era of increasing competition, economic agents have to continually devise new means of attracting and retaining customers. In order to complete this objective, more and more companies come to implement the practices of customer management. This concept refers specifically to the totality of tools and practices engaged in the development of a fruitful relationship between firm and the customer base. In a different formulation,

"CRM [Customer relationship management] is a business strategy directed to understand, anticipate and respond to the needs of an enterprise's current and potential customers in order to grow the relationship value" (CRM Forecast).

There are various other concepts associated with customer relationship management, three of the more relevant of…. [read more]

Manufacturing and Supply Chain Term Paper

… E-Manufacturing - a New Link in the Supply Chain

Research Question and/or Hypothesis

Benefits of the Study

Industry/Organizational Perspectives/Implications

Conceptual Framework

Definitions/Operationalization of Terms

Research/Sampling Design

Research Variables/Measurement

Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations

E-Manufacturing - A New Link in the Supply Chain

Computer use first spread throughout manufacturing and industry during the 1950's and 1960's. Early computers, however, were both difficult to program and limited in their speed and memory. Therefore, they were used mostly for tasks requiring little analysis, but much sorting, calculating, and filing. These first computer applications did in fact improve the efficiency of basic clerical activities within manufacturing companies: accounting; payroll; order processing; inventory maintenance, customer record keeping, and so forth.

However, the early computers used in manufacturing and business were dedicated…. [read more]

Outsourcing What Is Outsourcing? Term Paper

… Outsourcing

What is outsourcing?

Outsourcing is described as the running and/or routine implementation of a total business operations by a third party service provider. Outsourcing is the allocation of responsibilities or assignments from in-house production to an outside body. In the recent past, it is been understood as cutting down of local staff and assigning work to workforce in other countries, where the pay is significantly lower. Outsourcing and out-tasking entails shifting a considerable amount of management control to the supplier. Purchasing products from an external body does not construe outsourcing or out-tasking, but simply a vendor relationship. In the same vein, purchasing services from a provider is not essentially outsourcing or out-tasking. Outsourcing all the while entails a substantial amount of bi-directional exchange of…. [read more]

Outsourcing Is an Inevitable Market Term Paper

… Would it have been right for us to have avoided computers because automation would have eliminated clerical and other routine office jobs? In fact computerization created a whole new pool of well-paid jobs. In the same vein, outsourcing has become an economic necessity and cannot be totally avoided because some people loose their jobs initially. Ultimately, the cost savings and improved operating efficiency pass on to the consumer. Outsourcing will bring more profitability, more investment and create better jobs in the local market. Employment figures in November 2004 stood at 138.6 million compared to 136.5 million in 2003, which sets aside employment related fears. [Alan Reynolds] Outsourcing is an inevitable market reality, however, adequate measures must be taken to support the displaced employees, and to…. [read more]

Outsourcing Term Paper

… In both articles the companies are choosing outsourcing to gain time-to-market advantages in their core businesses by offloading non-essential processes and tasks to outsourcing partners. The widely-held perception of outsourcing being primarily being used for cost reduction is not present in these studies; in fact the focus is more on time savings with accuracy and precision of process completion by outsourcing partners being far more important (Morgan, 2007) (Smith, 1997).

The organizations have benefited from outsourcing by concentrating on these dynamics of greater performance improvements and higher levels of accuracy over cost reduction alone. The article that profiles outsourcing across a wide variety of industries implies how a well-orchestrated strategy can deliver increased top-line revenue growth by minimizing the impact of interruptions from non-strategic tasks…. [read more]

Outsourcing by the End of 2004 Term Paper

… Outsourcing

By the end of 2004, forty percent of Fortune 500 companies were estimated to have outsourced jobs (Reingold, 2004). The primary motivator is to cut labor costs by as much as twenty to seventy percent by taking advange of labor in lower-wage nations. There are huge differences in the wages paid for equivalent skills between the United States and developing countries such as India and the Philippines. For example, the equivalent of a software developer who costs $60 an hour in the U.S. costs only $6 an hour in India (Hoffman). Further, according to Hoffman, outsourced jobs are often seen as undesirable or of low prestige in the United States are viewed as desirable and attractive in the regions where they are being outsourced.…. [read more]

Outsourcing According to Cusmano Research Paper

… Potential disadvantages relate to the quality risk of outsourcing products and services, where a company may not be investigated sufficiently to verify the quality of its products and services. Ultimately, selecting the company with the lowest charge may, for example, result in more money spent than necessary to remedy the lack of quality that results.


Outsourcing is an increasingly prevalent phenomenon in both the public and private sector (Goo, 2011). Because of this, the best way to manage its potential disadvantages is to create an efficient management agency, especially in the government sector. Indeed, it is vitally important to provide the public with as efficient a service as possible at the lowest price possible. To do this effectively, management practices should not only be…. [read more]

"Even Though 'Outsourcing Term Paper

… As per the reports of Reuters the AeA indicated that data on foreign outsourcing depended either upon anecdotes or questionable projections, and it took specified issues with a report by Forrester Research that indicated an estimated 3.3 million U.S. service industry jobs will be outsourced offshore at the end of 2015. The Forrester predictions relied upon erroneous labor force projections attained at the peak f the technology bubble, the trade group revealed. In the current period the U.S. public and politicians have emphasized the movement of some U.S. jobs to decline cost centers around the world. Most of the technology companies to illustrate, have initiated orienting customer service telephone calls to India.

Hence, amidst intense, international, competitive circumstances many companies have no alternative but to…. [read more]

Outsourcing Business Communication Outsourcing: Pros Essay

… The argument for off-shoring as much as possible of IT is that the more American consumers have access to cheap technology, the greater their potential base of knowledge is to grow. However, the fear is that 'better' jobs are now also exported through off-shoring, as education levels in the developing world increase. "With millions of low-cost engineers, financial analysts, consumer marketers, and architects now readily available via the Web, CEOs can see a quicker off-shoring work, they can see savings of 30% to 40% in the first year" in salary costs (The future of outsourcing, 2006, Business Week). Workers in the developing world with higher education are desperate for work at pay that would not support an American worker above even the poverty line:…. [read more]

Operations Management Why Are International Term Paper

… In the case of a convertible roadster, it would likely young men with disposable income. (Terestko, 2005) Male, moderate to wealthy consumers who were car-fixated despite rising gas prices could be surveyed as to their product wants, needs, and desires.

The best target region of America would be warmer weather climates, where the roadster would be more useful for a longer period of the year. The target consumer segments would be surveyed, put into focus groups, and then their responses would be analyzed -- along with general industry trends. After generating the prototype, it would be test marketed in a small region of the country, with the product's major consumer base, before being sold to the public at large.

Works Cited

Harland, Christine, Knight, Louise,…. [read more]

Manufacturing Process of a Bicycle Term Paper

… Manufacturing Process of a Bicycle

Manufacturing Process of the Bicycle

In the past few decades, emerging new technologies have threatened the existence of the traditional bicycle. However, even with such threats, the bicycle has survived and has even grown in numbers, sales and use. Many poorer countries whose citizens do not have widespread access to cars or buses utilize the bicycle for travel, work and entertainment. In richer countries such as the United States, the bicycle still maintains its common popularity; there are 85 million bicycle riders in the United States alone. According to statistics released by the U.S. & Foreign Commercial Service and U.S. Department of State (2001), bicycle sales of $850 million in 1999 amounted to 1.5% of total retail sales. Recent statistics…. [read more]

Manufacturing and Logistics Term Paper

… Manufacturing and Logistics

Trico is a company that manufactures windscreen wiper blades. It is located in Australia and it is the only manufacturer of this type located in this geographical location. The company is undergoing a difficult period from the point-of-view of the profits and needs to undergo some strategic changes in order to make sure that it will be able to survive in the future. These critical circumstances have been caused by a variety of reasons, both internal and external. Most of them need to be solved as soon as possible if the organization wishes to survive.

Trico is faced with a situation in which it must decide for a strategy that will prove to be efficient and efficacious from a long-term perspective. One…. [read more]

Operations Management: Balancing Ethics With the Bottom Essay

… Operations Management: Balancing Ethics With the Bottom Line

Description of the aspects of the case under investigation

Comparison and conclusion

Corporations are invariably mired in a state of tension between the need for short-term profitability and the demand for environmental sustainability and fair labor practices. Corporations live in a world affected by environmental disasters and degradation. They sell to human beings, who will often take into consideration labor practices and other ethical questions when making decisions to buy or sell a product. Some operations managers are being called upon use ethical rubrics when making decisions for their company. However, given today's recessionary economy, there is an equally vociferous demand for creating a leaner cost structure. This has caused many companies such as Mattel to make…. [read more]

Leethal Fashion Accessories and Outsourcing to India Case Study

… Leethal Fashion Accessories and Outsourcing to India

The forces of globalization allowed economic agents to transcend boundaries and exploit the comparative advantages of other countries. The movement created a context in which the exchange of commodities, natural resources, capitals and even workforce became not only possible, but even natural. Given this state of events, economic agents would often outsource their manufacturing operation to more cost effective regions.

Outsourcing is generally understood as a situation in which a multinational organization opens a manufacturing plant, or contracts an already existent manufacturing plant, in a foreign region and produces its item here. The most common advantage is that of financial savings, but one could chose a foreign location due to its know how advantage, its skilled labor force…. [read more]

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