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Outsourcing of Government Functions a US Study Term Paper

… Government Outsourcing

The Outsourcing of Government Functions: a U.S. Study

Outsourcing of government functions is one of the most highly controversial practices of the 21st century. There are several prevailing positions regarding the outsourcing of government contracts to private companies. Valid arguments exist for increasing government outsourcing and for limiting future outsourcing as well. Regardless of which side one happens to be one, once thing is certain, outsourcing is a trend that is likely to continue in the future, particularly in the face of the global economy and advances in communication that make it easier than it was in the past.

By March of 2007, the number of government contractors rose to 7.5 million, which is currently four times the size of the federal workforce…. [read more]


Small Business Act of 1958 and Contribution to Small-Scale Businesses to the US Economy Essay

… The owners of the small-scale businesses comprise a significant and diverse group of individuals from all the religious, ethnic, and educational backgrounds (Robbins 298). For instance, it is approximated that, 10.1 million workers in the U.S. identify themselves as self-employed. In addition, small-scale businesses provide employment opportunities to a large population of the old, disabled, and educated people living in the suburban areas of the U.S. Demographic surveys also showed that most of the U.S. population considered self-employment as more beneficial than being employed in a large business. As such, many of them take actions to start their own businesses to become self-employed (Entrepreneurship 205).

The small-scale businesses are characterized by great innovation that drives the U.S. economy. According to Nathan (89), small-scale businesses are…. [read more]


United States Department of Defense US Military Branches Research Paper

… United States Department of Defense / Military Branches

United States Department of Defense Military Branches

Issue / Policy Area of Interest

Over the last several years, the role of the U.S. military has been changing, as the overall nature of the threats to the nation has evolved. This is part of a larger historical trend that has caused the various branches of the military, to adapt to the different challenges that are taking place. A good example of this can be seen by looking at the history of the United States Marine Corps. Where, it would originally begin in 1775, after it was modeled from the Royal Marines of Great Britain. Their original objective was to serve on the various naval vessels, with the goals…. [read more]


Outsourcing of it Jobs Term Paper

… Outsourcing

companies first outsourced manufacturing jobs. This initial outsourcing was touted as a necessary agent because the economy of the United States was transitioning from a manufacturing-based economy to a service-based economy. Many individuals that were unemployed as a result of outsourcing in the manufacturing sectors were retrained in the area of information technology. For many years the information technology sector and jobs within this sector thrived within the United States. However, more recently there has been a significant increase in the number of IT jobs that have been outsourced to countries where skill levels are similar and the cost associated with labor is cheaper.

It is estimated that at least 250,000 highly skilled white collar jobs -- most of which are IT jobs --…. [read more]


Lobbyist and Government: San Diego Essay

… " (Cato Institute, 2013) The failure of mandates is stated to be evident in the state of Massachusetts and specifically reported is "Uninsured citizens earning more than 300% of the poverty level are expected to buy their own insurance. Here, the state hoped that 228,000 of its uninsured citizens would sign up. So far, just 15,000 have enrolled." (Cato Institute, 2013) The problem of health care access for the poor is not solved by Medicaid." (Cato Institute, 2013) Bad policy decisions result from bills being passed for legislation by politicians who have not read the bill, do not understand the bill and failing to take on a Lobbyist who is more informed and who can disseminate the information relate it to the politician in a…. [read more]


Ethics Project Outsourcing Manufacturing Term Paper

… Outsourcing Manufacturing

FAR-REACHING BREACHES

US Regulatory Agencies

federal government has 50 or so regulatory agencies, which are empowered to create and implement rules and regulations with the full force of the law (Longley, 2011). Examples are the Food and Drug Administration, Environmental Protection Agency and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. They can fine, sanction, force to close or even prosecute individuals, businesses or any private or public organizations, which violate federal regulations. The rulemaking process creates and enacts federal regulations. This begins when Congress passes a law in recognition of and tackling an economic need or problem. The existing and appropriate regulatory agency creates the necessary regulations to implement the law. Acts by regulatory agencies are called "enabling legislations" as they empower the agencies…. [read more]


PC's, Central-System Computing, and Government Term Paper

… For example, the authors defined the scope of the study as using two sets of cities, but later in the study they refer to responses given from 10 different cities. "When central-system cities rated their experiences with minicomputers and/or mainframes, more than 8 in 10 (83.4%) indicated that these systems had met or exceeded their expectations" (page 9, paragraph 2, line 1). Due to these inaccuracies it is impossible to determine if the same methodology is used throughout the survey. In the final two pages of the study the authors address the significance of their study in comparison to other studies. Each point of the problem is addressed in these pages followed by the authors deductions of their study and backed by polls or studies…. [read more]


Outsourcing What Is Outsourcing? Term Paper

… Outsourcing

What is outsourcing?

Outsourcing is described as the running and/or routine implementation of a total business operations by a third party service provider. Outsourcing is the allocation of responsibilities or assignments from in-house production to an outside body. In the recent past, it is been understood as cutting down of local staff and assigning work to workforce in other countries, where the pay is significantly lower. Outsourcing and out-tasking entails shifting a considerable amount of management control to the supplier. Purchasing products from an external body does not construe outsourcing or out-tasking, but simply a vendor relationship. In the same vein, purchasing services from a provider is not essentially outsourcing or out-tasking. Outsourcing all the while entails a substantial amount of bi-directional exchange of…. [read more]


"Even Though 'Outsourcing Term Paper

… As per the reports of Reuters the AeA indicated that data on foreign outsourcing depended either upon anecdotes or questionable projections, and it took specified issues with a report by Forrester Research that indicated an estimated 3.3 million U.S. service industry jobs will be outsourced offshore at the end of 2015. The Forrester predictions relied upon erroneous labor force projections attained at the peak f the technology bubble, the trade group revealed. In the current period the U.S. public and politicians have emphasized the movement of some U.S. jobs to decline cost centers around the world. Most of the technology companies to illustrate, have initiated orienting customer service telephone calls to India.

Hence, amidst intense, international, competitive circumstances many companies have no alternative but to…. [read more]


U.S. Government and Ethical Issues Term Paper

… (Torrance, 2006)

The outsourcing of jobs to other nations lowers wage cost in America and thus results in increased productivity and profits, which in turn must result in capital investment, expansion and recruitment of additional workers. This aspect concentrates on the rosy side of outsourcing like improved efficiency and productivity which raise profits, but nevertheless neglects the moral responsibilities we have to handle the impact of outsourcing on the society and economy of USA. It is a serious issue since American citizen self-finances their education either through loans or savings and are denied the scope of earning in America as outsourcing ensures that the scope is cornered by some other person. Hence it is unethical as securing an education entails government grants, subsidies and taxpayers…. [read more]


Outsourcing Europe vs. US Term Paper

… Global outsourcing is the strategic use of outside resources to perform activities that are traditionally handled by internal staff and resources. It is a management strategy by which an organization delegates major, non-core functions to specialized and efficient service providers, or as Corbett, a leading consultant on global outsourcing asserts, "outsourcing is nothing less than the wholesale restructuring of the corporation around core competencies and outside relationships" (Corbett, 1999). The traditional global outsourcing emphasis on tactical benefits like cost reduction - cheaper labor cost in low-cost countries - have more recently been replaced by productivity, flexibility, speed and innovation in developing business applications, and access to new technologies and skills (Wild et al., 1999).

Outsourcing in the United States and Europe

There has been considerable…. [read more]


Outsourcing Process Analysis Outsourcing Weapons Essay

… With a price tag attached, information is much more digestible. This price tag specifically will translate into the difference what it costs the government of WA to have a police officer process paperwork per hour as opposed to what it will cost to have an outsourced clerk processing paperwork. Minimally, a typical Australian police office at the beginning of his or her career makes $47,778 per year or $24.88 per hour (Salary for Police or Patrol Officer Jobs 2011). This does factor in overtime. The typical secretary's pay in 2007 was $14.50 per hour to start (How much Is paid in Australia 2007). In addition, more economy can be had if clerical services would be out-sourced to a foreign country such as India. In this…. [read more]


Shareholder Capitalism as a Model Research Paper

… The opportunity to easily remove equity made a wealth effect-driven increase in consumer consumption, raising housing as well as retail sectors whilst producing increasingly risky amounts of household bill (Greenspan and Kennedy 2008). As soon as house costs inescapably corrected course, countless homeowners saw themselves owing much more on their house than it had been worth, as well as mortgage non-payments made a cascading financial shrinkage that rapidly dispersed all over the world. At this moment, approximately one mortgage in 4 in the U.S.A. is underwater (i.e., a home is worth lower than the total amount left over the loan)-a figure likely to rise in the near future (Davis, 2010).

The flooding of this real estate bubble as well as its attendant after-effects revealed the…. [read more]


Grand Corruption Is a Serious Thesis

… 63, 2). One of its tasks will be to "review periodically the implementation of this Convention by its States Parties" (Argandona, 2007)."

The monitoring process is a long-term program that must be modified to meet the needs of changing situations and the learning processes of the parties (Argandona, 2007). This process must possess an elevated rate of State Party cooperation along with a competent, appropriately resourced Secretariat (Argandona, 2007). It is essential to encourage the compilation and publication of data concerning anti-corruption efforts in various nations (Argandona, 2007). This information is needed to promote transparency during different stages of the process (Argandona, 2007). Additionally sensible restrictions must be established concerning what can be achieved (Argandona, 2007). The States Parties must create political support for the…. [read more]


History and Importance of Airmail in the United States Thesis

… ¶ … Airmail in the United States

In the Age of Information, many observers suggest that email, instant and text messaging have virtually replaced the need for a national postal service in the United States, but the fact remains the U.S. Postal Service continues to deliver billions of pieces of mail each year and represents the largest service of its kind in the world. Although various classes of mail receive different levels of treatment, much of the U.S. mail continues to be delivered by air following a long tradition established more than 90 years ago. Indeed, the importance of air mail service to the development of the United States cannot be overstated, having contributed to both the development of the interior portions of the country…. [read more]


Outsourcing Corporate Outsourcing: Initially Term Paper

… Way back in 1776 Adam Smith attached importance on "it is not out of generosity of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that our dinner awaits, but out their respect to their independent interest."

Observing the ideas of Smith, present companies take part in the global market and track their own benefit by making the most efficient use of their resources. Through working at optimizing profits, the competitive position of enterprises is maintained.

Outsourcing is frequently a spin-off of yet another potent management instrument; business process reengineering. It lets an organization to instantly appreciate the expected advantages of reengineering by running another external enterprise which is previously reengineered to international quality / process. Outsourcing can entail movement of assets from the customer to the…. [read more]


Outsourcing as a Business Strategy Term Paper

… This has resulted in changes of how a business delivers its products to its customers and the services offered (Chan et al., 2009). Businesses are now trying to connect with their customers at all levels and for a business that is primarily in the manufacturing industry it would be difficult for them to focus on their core business, as well as reach out to their customers. It is for this reason the manufacturing company would outsource its customer service function to a company that deals with this line of business and has a proven track record. Wullenweber and Weitzel (2007) notes outsourcing allows a company to free up its resources and encourages a company to focus on its core business. There are instances when outsourcing…. [read more]


Outsourcing Business and Society in the Twenty-First Term Paper

… Outsourcing

Business and Society in the Twenty-First Century: A Brief History and Analysis of Outsourcing

One of the largest and most controversial trends in the business world today is the increasing reliance on outsourcing for a variety of business need, from data entry to customer service. Increasingly efficient and reliable telecommunications technologies and other technological and geopolitical forces have made it possible for companies to utilize large workforces in far-flung regions of the globe where wage requirements are significantly lower than in the United States and other developed countries. This has come at the direct cost of jobs in the developed world, though many proponents of outsourcing claim that it actually creates jobs in the long-term by making these companies more profitable and thus better…. [read more]


Is Outsourcing Inevitable? Term Paper

… ¶ … Outsourcing Inevitable?

Outsourcing as a strategy and ongoing approach to staying competitive is permeating both manufacturing and services firms globally. Having started primarily as a strategy of cost reduction, outsourcing has steadily grown to include new product research and development, the permanent re-aligning of more routine and easily replicable tasks, and the re-definition of customer service. Spanning the entire value chain of industries including manufacturing, outsourcing's impact on global business is permanent and has already re-defined the cost structures of industrial manufacturing, consulting services than span application development and maintenance, business process re-engineering, customer service and support, and the use of outsourcing for significantly impacting new product development timeframes through the use of computer-aided design techniques.

The goals of this paper are to…. [read more]


Outsourcing Term Paper

… The increase in workforce is continuing, and in March 2004, the country gained jobs for some 308,000 people. Yet there was not a real increase in the jobs for semi-conductors, electrical engineers or computers even in the manufacturing side. The removal of people in sourcing jobs out is clear. The decrease in labor costs directly add to the bottom line of the companies. This sourcing out of jobs is not only for IT workers but is also seen for legal and Research and development.

The wage differences are tremendous. A telephone operator in the U.S. has to be paid $12.57 an hour, whereas in India, the payment is less than a dollar. However, new jobs in the IT industry are also being created at the…. [read more]


International Trade Outsourcing, Offshoring and Globalization Research Paper

… International Trade

Outsourcing, Offshoring and Globalization

Outsourcing refers to a company getting inputs or services from a firm outside the company. This kind of outsourcing has taken place for many years between companies in the United States and takes place when a business has another business carry out some task for it because the other business can do it for a lower cost. The other business has the comparative advantage in that task, thus, outsourcing benefits both sides (VanderWeerdt, 2006).

Offshore outsourcing, also known as offshoring or international outsourcing refers to a company getting inputs or services from a firm in a foreign country. The object of offshore outsourcing is the same as that of outsourcing, but the former involves the transfer of goods or…. [read more]


Globalization -A Effects Research Paper

… The rift between the west and the Islamic is due to lack of proper communication. The Muslims are not in support of the globalization since they find it to be more westernized, so they are finding their own way of globalizing themselves. For instance, they allow the use of internet among their followers to connect together to those people who share the same understanding of Islamic.

Many states of the Middle East are fiercely against the incorporation of globalization in their culture. They are adamant to some aspects of globalization so they cannot put up with some practices that come along with it. They strongly cling to their culture and they cannot change it to go with the trend of the modern world, so they…. [read more]


Future of Outsourcing Information Technology Term Paper

… Future of Outsourcing Information Technology From the United States

Information technology jobs are amongst those most frequently being outsourced to other countries, especially to third world nations. There is a complex set of reasons behind the outsourcing of these jobs that cannot easily be dissected. This brief study attempts to simplify the overall picture of it outsourcing, and to project the future of outsourcing of it jobs in America.

One of the most hotly debated topics in conversations between Americans today is the outsourcing American information technology jobs to foreign countries. In 2005, journalist John Zaracostas, reporting from Geneva for the Washington Times, advised readers that nearly 250,000 jobs for which Americans had graduated expensive undergraduate education and post graduate educations, expensive investments in the…. [read more]


Global HR Management Term Paper

… Global HR Management

Human resource management is a universal practice that is based on processes, strategies, and policies. Traditionally, it was known as personnel management. The development and management human resources in the global environment have proven to be a core challenge for multinational corporations. This study focuses on how the growth in international business affects human resource management with respect to challenges in the global markets. The study further addresses the effects of diversity in cultures, socioeconomic factors, or political practices on the management of human resources. Strategies of addressing global challenges facing international human resource managers are also provided.

How growth in international business affected human resource management

HRM practices may vary from one country to another because of contrasting laws, cultures, and…. [read more]


Blackwater USA Thesis

… Blackwater

The Private Contractor Dilemma

During the course of the war in Iraq, the United States has seen many of its allies remove their troops from Iraq. By itself, the United States military would be unable to fight the war and bring stability to the region as it is does not have the requisite number of troops on the ground and those troops are not adeptly trained for all of the dangerous tasks involved. The definitive number of troops is determined not by need but by executive and congressional orders, which do not allow greater numbers for support and/or security troops which creates an essential gap in services for troops and for the cause of securing individuals, groups and even supplies. The answer to this…. [read more]


Best Buy CO. Inc Case Study

… This has increase the threat of legal complications in case the company fails to meet legal or social expectations. On the contrary, the task environment improvement has made it possible for the firm to use information technology to gain a competitive advantage over its rivals as well as better manage its internal resources.

IV- Internal Environment: Strengths and Weakness

A- Corporate Structure

The corporate structure of Best Buy is hierarchical as well as cross-functional. Having viewed the composition of executive management and board of directors, it becomes evident the company lacks talent that can anticipate the future trends in retail sector, specifically the impact of online retailing upon the traditional bricks and mortar retailing. Most of the members of board of directors have rich experience…. [read more]


Managing Out -- the Public Essay

… Following the teachings of Hayek and other conservative economists has led to a greater diversity of service and better management also. Though there are problems with the implementation of the managing out imperative, it has worked to provide services in a more efficient manner.

References

Bhatti, Y., Olsen, A.L., & Pedersen, L.H. (2009). The effects of administrative professionals on contracting out. Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions, 22(1), 121-137.

Broughton, C., & Chalmers, J. (2001). Reconsidering the revolution? Australian public sector administration in 2000. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 60(1), 81-88.

Caldwell, B. (2011). Hayek on socialism and on the welfare state: A comment on Farrant and McPhail's "Does F.A. Hayek's Road to Serfdom deserve to make a comeback?" Challenge, 54(1), 82-97.…. [read more]


Human Rights in Human Security Context Research Paper

… Human Rights in Human Security Context

Human right is an upcoming element of understanding human behavioral patterns and vulnerabilities about change and challenges. Human security conversely is an upcoming element of understanding universal vulnerabilities concerning change and challenges. This is because many scholars argue about the issue of human security and claim that it should be more individual rather than worldwide. Security should be a public-centered view for individuals, society and global growth. This is a concept that involves a number of scholars researching to develop strategies on how to understand and give human rights. The United Nations Development Program on the Human Development Report stated that freedom from fear and freedom from want for every individual is the only effective way to solve the…. [read more]


Public Private Comparator Public Sector Term Paper

… As one can see, a variety of factors affect the public-private partnership. Not all countries treat public-private partnerships in the same way. They have different agencies for administering public-private partnerships, different ways of dividing risk and different ways of defining the public-private partnership. There are many differences in the types of transactions, payment methods, and rules that govern the public-private partnership. In order to understand the public sector comparator, one must first understand the various factors that influence the public-private partnership in its many forms.

The PPP in the UK, Australia, USA, Germany, and in Korea

The UK. In the UK several debates, such as the use of public sector comparators, the initiation process of PPPs, choice of discount rate, and cost of capital between…. [read more]


Corporate Gov Social Key Motives and Disincentives Case Study

… Corporate Gov Social

Key Motives and Disincentives for Corporate Governance and Social Responsibility

Globalization is the preeminent force defining the economic climate for business leaders, nations and even individuals. The internationalization of the world economy is predicated on the theory of trade liberalization, which predicts that by reducing the barriers to the flow of commerce between nations, it is possible to promote a collective advance of living standards while simultaneously promoting a greater harmony of interests on a global scale. These ambitions, however, have more often than not been countered by negative patterns such as labor abuses in developing nations, exploitation of environment and resources by multinational companies and a general descent into corrupt and unethical practice. This denotes the state of Corporate Social Responsibility…. [read more]

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