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Toyota Production System Research Paper

… These measures would help deal with the real cause of the current problems rather than getting rid of the entire system.

TPS and its Evolution

As previously mentioned, the development and use of Toyota Production System was influenced by the need to address some of the challenges experienced by Toyota Motor Corporation with regards to operational efficiency. The system is an integrated approach to production processes in order to manufacture state-of-the-art, quality automobiles at affordable costs to different kinds of customers (Toyota Motor Manufacturing, n.d.). The approach helps in effective management of people, materials, and equipment while ensuring that employees work in a healthy and safe environment. Through this system, Toyota seeks to meet customers' expectations by utilizing high quality measures in manufacturing automobiles and…. [read more]


Toyota Essay

… Toyota

Although there are a number of processes that quite clearly need alteration within Toyota as elucidated within the case study "Toyota: The accelerator crisis," the foremost one which inherently affect the others is the company's chief aim: globalization. Although globalization in and of itself is not a deleterious end to aim for, the pursuit of overtaking competition (largely in the form of General Motors) and focusing on "top-line growth and profits to…become the world's leading automaker" (Greto, 2010, p. 10) is a faulty company missive that reaps results including safety violations, class-action lawsuits, governmental penalties and fees, as well as millions of recalls.

Thus, the principle change of process that Toyota needs to enact is exchanging its goal from one of global domination into…. [read more]


Information Systems and Digital Workplace Essay

… ¶ … Information Systems and Digital Workplace Technologies

The accelerating pace of technological innovation is rapidly reordering the context, corporate culture and approaches to collaboration within every enterprise today. The digitization of the workplace is happening so rapidly, even the most forward-thinking organizations are struggling to keep up. The primary catalyst of this rapid revolution in how context, corporate culture, and the nature of communication and collaboration are the expectations of talented and often highly educated professionals, and their mastery of entirely new ways of getting work done. The most forward-thinking organizations are planning for the digitization of the workplace to erase the constraints and limitations that held back their growth in the past. Breaking down organizational silos through the selective use of digitization technologies…. [read more]


Toyota Strategic Management for Decades Essay

… Furthermore, Toyota has also introduced a new quality response network that will allow to be more responsive if quality issues do arise. The objectives of the response system include responding to any quality incident within twenty four hours of it being reported which can help the company identify if the problem was an issue that arose in the manufacturing process that could affect other models as well. After a quality problem identified a specialist will then try to determine a specific root cause for the problem.

Toyota has also realized the need to improve its human resource capabilities in regard to effectively manage its growth. The company realized that some of the quality problems are a result of inadequately trained managers which was one of…. [read more]


Operation Management JIT: An Overview Just-In-Time (JIT) Thesis

… Operation Management

JIT: An overview

Just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing was developed and implemented by the Toyota automotive company in the 1950s. It became so associated with the company's name it was also known as the Toyota Production System (TPS). By the 1970s JIT was ubiquitous in many other types of Japanese factories, and eventually many aspects of the system were adopted by some American companies, most notably General Electric, which patented its own form of 'error free' managerial philosophy known as Six Sigma. But ironically, JIT itself, although it has spawned many 'spinoff' concepts bears a great deal of resemblance to the principles of efficiency created by Henry Ford. Toyota made these standardized strategies uniquely 'Japanese' in their orientation, stressing collective responsibility for the product and…. [read more]


Computerized Hospital Management Systems Essay

… 1). Clinical system sophistication varies widely from hospital to hospital and has the strongest presence in tertiary care centers and teaching hospitals. Some hospitals have become nearly "paperless" due to the installation of leading edge clinical information systems. Whereas the typical hospital only has about 3 to 5 of its budget allocated toward information systems, these medical centers often have a much greater percentage earmarked for such systems (Metfessel 2007, p. 6). Both budget outlays and implementation strategies for these systems are highly variable and require much deliberation and foresight. The start-up costs of these systems can vary from several hundred thousand dollars for a departmental system in a community hospital to tens of millions of dollars for EMR systems in large centers. In addition,…. [read more]


Data Warehousing and Data Mining Term Paper

… The progression from rules-based to constraint-driven EDW and data mining modeling is also predicated on an entirely new class of presentation and Application Programmer Interface (API) technologies as well, all aimed at streamlining this aspect of EDW use in decision making and support (Sen, Ramamurthy, Sinha, 2012).

Recommendations for Storage Solutions

Faced with a rapidly growth data set of 20TB with a projected growth of 20% per year, the best possible solution is to choose a hardware platform purpose-built for EDW and data mining. The Oracle Exadata Database Machine would be the best possible option, as it support 160 CPU cores and 4 TB of memory for database processing, can be configured as two logical database servers and can support up to 224TB per server…. [read more]


Ford Motor Essay

… The funds out of this sale ought to offer Ford with elevated flexibility in the coming year and also bring about current strategic objectives (Dornbach-Bender et al., 2009).

2) Ford ought to extensively prepare for its bankruptcy of Chrysler model and/or General Motors. This kind of bankruptcies cause a great deal of threat to Ford, which includes although not restricted to: the chance that the federal government might select a winner, the prospective for GM to come out from bankruptcy having a substantial price benefit, and supply chain dysfunction caused by liquidations of shared suppliers. Whilst some analysts think that any liquidation of Chrysler ought to be considered a strategic prospect, many of them continue to be deeply worried about the way the future of…. [read more]


JIT Management Eli Whitney Developed Term Paper

… Use of electronic links, such as the Internet, cuts the cost of placing orders. The use of purchase-order cards with preset limits eliminates the use of individual dollar limits and procurement approval procedures.

'EOQ is designed only to emphasize the tradeoff between relevant carrying and ordering costs and is not designed to be the sole guide. Inventory management includes purchasing costs, stock out costs, and quality costs. Assuming an established purchase order link with the supplier, a single entry triggers a purchase order. Payments are made based on batches of deliveries instead of individual deliveries. This reduces the price of the single delivery. For example, consider the following;

Relevant Costs Under

Current

JIT

Purchasing

Purchasing

Relevant Item

Policy

Policy

Purchasing Costs

$14 per unit x…. [read more]


Economic Systems of South Korea Term Paper

… The government also fostered development by allowing South Korea to be a destination of several global manufacturers. The government also provided impulses for foreign and local investors through expansion of its network of free trade agreements. This brought change to the country and allowed the economy to grow.

Though South Korea can be seen to rely greatly on exports it makes to emerging countries, the country also reduced its reliance on exports to Japan. This can be seen in the decline of exports to Japan from 11% in the year 2000 to just about 6% in the year 2010. South Korea also decreased its reliance on imports from Japan though they still stood at roughly over 15% in the year 2010 which indicate that Japan…. [read more]


Applied Logistics and Supply Chain Management Dissertation

… ¶ … oil and gas industry in Libya is also directly reliant on global prices that are based on supply and demand; and any revenues generated at a given point in time depend in large part on how effective the supply chain is in mitigating the high costs of production and transporting the final product to customers. The purpose of this study was to provide a comparison between an American oil industry firm, Mobil, the world's largest publicly traded international oil and gas company in the field of supply chain management in the United States from the perspective of the Toyota supply chain approach. This analysis will then be applied to a Libyan oil industry firm, Alwaha, to identify best practices for Alwaha in developing…. [read more]


Manufacturing and Supply Chain Term Paper

… E-Manufacturing - a New Link in the Supply Chain

Research Question and/or Hypothesis

Benefits of the Study

Industry/Organizational Perspectives/Implications

Conceptual Framework

Definitions/Operationalization of Terms

Research/Sampling Design

Research Variables/Measurement

Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations

E-Manufacturing - A New Link in the Supply Chain

Computer use first spread throughout manufacturing and industry during the 1950's and 1960's. Early computers, however, were both difficult to program and limited in their speed and memory. Therefore, they were used mostly for tasks requiring little analysis, but much sorting, calculating, and filing. These first computer applications did in fact improve the efficiency of basic clerical activities within manufacturing companies: accounting; payroll; order processing; inventory maintenance, customer record keeping, and so forth.

However, the early computers used in manufacturing and business were dedicated…. [read more]


US Auto Term Paper

… U.S. AUTO Benchmarking Research

US Auto is an American car manufacturer with an important past on the American car market, but with a less brilliant present and future, as the company is currently struggling for survival. The company's main negative issues that need to be corrected are related to outdated line plant assets, inflated labor costs, and lack of any significant prospects that could provide some sort of boost in the company's future profitability. The only aspect that U.S. Auto is putting its hopes on is a hybrid gas-electric engine that the company has created. Given the fact that negotiations with AutoMex have failed, the company must find other strategies to help it survive.

Therefore, U.S. Auto should consider benchmarking as a method of diminishing…. [read more]


Customer Centric Call Center Term Paper

… ¶ … ability of an organization to deliver exceptional customer experiences the greater their ability to survive in a turbulent global economy. The managing of customer experiences and the quantification of those strategies through SERVQUAL (Parasuraman, Zeithaml, Berry, 1991) ((Parasuraman, et.al.) for example is providing a strong, scalable foundation for ascertaining just how an organization can consistently deliver exceptional customer experiences over time. Customer-centric organizations of the 21st century are far removed from the stereotypical view of efforts in the past century to motivate call center representatives externally. Research over the last forty years shows that motivational posters and sayings are useless unless the call center representatives see the value of taking ownership of a call and attempting to maximize customer satisfaction every time. Studies…. [read more]


Ford Motor Company Today Mass Production Term Paper

… Ford Motor Company Today

Mass production has become virtually synonymous with Henry Ford, and rightfully so. Ford popularized the process in the early 1900s and mass production techniques have been applied to virtually every industry where standardized production capabilities could add value and a revolution in consumerism has been the result. In the years since its founding, though, the company has experienced some rocky times, particular during the latter half of the 20th century when the quality of its automotive products were far inferior to their Japanese-manufactured counterparts. Notwithstanding these troubled times, the company has emerged in the 21st century as a major player in the global automotive industry, and currently enjoys a respectable lead among its competitors. This paper provides an overview of Ford…. [read more]


Business Models Evolution Article

… Business Models

Evolution of Business Models:

From Early 20th Century to Today - a Critical Analysis

Business models continue to grow in complexity and the level of integrative processes that are knowledge and intelligence-based. From the relatively simple production-based business models of the 1900s and early 20th century to the highly orchestrated, knowledge-based business models of Toyota to support their global production and supply chain system (Dyer, Nobeoka, 2000) or Google with its world-class advertising business model (Pynnonen, Hallikas, Ritala, 2012), information and intelligence have replaced manufacturing power. The intent of this analysis is to evaluate the evolution of business models from the 1990s to today, with specific attention paid to their progression from time-and-motion-based production to highly integrated knowedlge networks that seek economics of…. [read more]


Nike and Knowledge Management Research Paper

… Nike Knowledge Management

Nike (NYSE:NKE) has successfully transformed knowledge management (KM) into a significant competitive advantage in their company by creating an organizational culture that seeks interpret, use and embed intelligence quickly into each strategic area. Nike is unique in that it has created an organizational ecosystem that learns over time, which is comparable in scope and function to the Toyota Production System (Dyer, Nobeoka, 2000). Due to their focus on KM, Nike has been able to successful transition from relying purely on price or products exclusively, and is now competing with knowledge. The intent of this paper is to analyze how Nike has been able to successfully use KM to turn their company into a learning organization, and what the company's best practices. The…. [read more]


Challenges of Enterprise Resource Planning ERP Implementation Dissertation

… ERP Systems

CHALLENGES of ENTERPRISE SOFTWARE IMPLEMENTATIONS

The contributions of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems continue to be problematic for many organizations globally. Continually challenged across industries to get the greatest potential value from their significant investment in ERP systems, many organizations continually add on incremental applications and processes. This continual addition of modules, or as they are often called, ERP extensions, only serves to create a far greater level of system, prices and integration complexity. Ironically organizations choose to expand their use of ERP systems to reduce process, system and integration complexity, yet ironically the opposite often occurs. The role of ERP system as central catalyst and coordination point of information throughout an organization is going through a fundamental change today. No longer siloed…. [read more]


Logistics and Supply Chain Considerations for Tesco Research Proposal

… Logistics and Supply Chain Considerations for Tesco

Logistics and Supply Chain Recommendations for Tesco

In defining how Tesco can be as efficient and profitable possible in their expansion throughout the United States (Economist, 2007) the company must make a series of strategic decisions that will in turn lead to stronger logistics execution throughout their supply chains for years to come. The Economist article, Fresh, but Far From Easy (Economist, 2007) provides a thorough overview of the expansion of Tesco beyond its operations in Europe to the Western United States. It further illustrates the many supply chain strategic-level challenges that the company will face, operating in a country where quantity, volume, and make-to-stock products dominate over a larger number but smaller quantity of products, specifically ready-to-eat…. [read more]


Sony's Supply Chain Management Strategies Essay

… Conclusion

Sony's rapid pace of new product introductions and myriad of product and services strategies continue to give the company a competitive advantage in the high tech, entertainment, gaming and ancillary industries. The challenges for Sony going forward are to continually improve their supply chains for greater agility and time-to-market while increasing quality as well. The approach Sony has taken with regard to The Perfect order framework, heavy reliance on intellectual property (IP) and knowledge sharing all underscore a very metrics-driven organization. Results are immediately quantified and shared across the entire organization's, which further reinforces the strategies of supply chain optimization. What is unique about Sony relative to its competitors is the reliance on a knowledge sharing organization to further enhance and strengthen intellectual property…. [read more]


Leagility Supply Chain Design Term Paper

… Leagility

Supply Chain Design and Leagility

Leagility with regard to the supply chain may simply be defined as the ability of a supply chain design to maintain a balance of lean and agile supply chain practices during the course of productivity. Critical to this concept is the notion that a supplier must maintain a lean production schedule up to the decoupling point, followed by an agile one that responds and takes advantage of volatile market conditions thereafter.

A supply chain would have to take advantage of volatile markets with high demand for products that may or may not be stable in the long-term, after the decoupling point in production. Up until this point in time organizations would focus more on lean supply chain practices, which…. [read more]


Change Management for Enterprise 2.0 Implementations Dissertation

… ¶ … Social Networking Technologies on the Collaborative Performance of Organisations

Today, there are growing numbers of large-scale organizations deploying Enterprise 2.0-based solutions for their information-sharing and collaborative needs. Although these solutions share some common features, every organization's requirements are unique and the manner in which they are adopting Enterprise 2.0 solutions varies. Moreover, the maturity levels of these Enterprise 2.0 implementations vary significantly. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to synthesize secondary and primary resources to identify critical success factors and maturity levels that exist along the Enterprise 2.0 continuum, evaluating the value of their social network-based communication and collaboration in the process.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

Statement of the Problem

Purpose of Study

Project Objectives

Background Research

Organization of the…. [read more]


Knowledge Management in the Automotive Industry Term Paper

… Knowledge Management in the Automotive Industry

The Current and Potential Use of Knowledge Management within the Automotive Industry

Automotive Industry Analysis

Current Use of Knowledge Management in Automotive

Potential Future

The automotive industry's use of knowledge management is progressing from creating and sustaining knowledge systems designed to support the major phases of product development, supplier management, production and service to a more strategic approach of supporting interorganizational learning strategies and knowledge transfer. The resulting impact on it-based strategies is the development of Enterprise Content Management (ECM) platforms that are specifically developed to enable greater interorganizational learning and foster the growth of learning ecosystems between auto manufacturers, their suppliers, customers, and services organizations. Global leaders in automotive manufacturing have progressed beyond the life cycle approach of…. [read more]


2005 Toyota Prius Hybrid Car Term Paper

… Prius

Hybrid vehicles have grown in popularity in recent years. At the forefront of this revolution is a compact car called the Toyota Prius. The purpose of this discussion is to investigate the 2005 Toyota Prius within the car industry and analyze it from a marketing perspective. The ideas that will be covered in the discussion are: Marketing Mix Product- product line, quality, packaging, name, services; Price- temporary price reductions, discounts, trade deals; Distribution-type of outlets, availability; Promotion-advertising budget, promotional mix.

Marketing Mix

Product

The Toyota Prius came to market in 2000 and has been the top selling hybrid since this time. The 2004 model has been well received by consumers and the industry. According to an article found in Mother Earth News the Toyota…. [read more]


American Automotive Industry and Porter's Five Forces Model Research Paper

… American Automotive Industry and Porter's Theory

American Automotive Industry in the light of Porter's Five Forces Model

automotive industry contributes a great deal in global economy. It is huge and a truly global industry; has gone through major wave of recession and is now in recent years showing gradual improvement. It has severely faced challenges of globalization, decreasing oil reserves resulting in high fuel costs, changes in buyer's demand and diminishing buying potential along with threats from direct competitions especially from Asian manufacturers who are enjoying low production cost.

The research paper is an overview of the automotive industry in America which is further followed by an analysis of the industry's structural characteristics, its profile and its impact on U.S. economy with the behavior it…. [read more]


Kuiper Leda Supply Chain Defense the Automotive Thesis

… Kuiper Leda Supply Chain Defense

The automotive OEM industry is one that is characterized by long lead times, highly competitive design-in cycles, procurement and strategic sourcing strategies that demand a very high level of synchronization, and supply chains that can are continually attempting to manage unforeseen spikes in demand. Product assemblies can also significantly in mid-production as auto manufacturers and OEMs launch new models and products to stay competitive, attempting to leverage previous-generation componentry in the process. All of these factors contribute to very high degree of variability in supply chain forecasting, management and optimization. Kuiper Leda faces these uncertainties through a series of processes aimed at making the manufacturing of Electronic Control Units (ECUs) and Radio Frequency identification (RFIO) tags for automotive manufacturers and…. [read more]


Supply Chain Management in the 21st Century Discussion Chapter

… Supply Chain Management in the 21st Century

Progressing beyond pick-pack-ship logistics and network optimization techniques to the development of concurrent, real-time supply chain networks, the field of supply chain management (SCM) continues to see the effects of disruptive technologies on its growth and efficiency gains. Supply chains are now integrated into analytics platforms making it possible for real-time optimization of demand management, forecasting and economic order quantities (EOQ) to be achieved and used for managing supplier networks (Ivanov, Sokolov, Kaeschel, 2011). Analytics have become so engrained in supplier management and logistics that the use of scorecards and benchmarks have become commonplace (Jabbour, Filho, Viana, Jabbour, 2011). These analytics have led to significant reductions in supplier risk and the streamlined the most complex processes companies contend…. [read more]


Supply Chain Management How Analytics Are Transforming Discussion Chapter

… Supply Chain Management

How Analytics Are Transforming

Supply Chains Into Demands Driven Supply Networks

How Analytics Are Transforming

Supply Chains Into Demands Driven Supply Networks

The pervasive use of analytics throughout supply chains are leading to more efficient decision-making frameworks, and the ability to define multi-attribute decision making models that ensure high accuracy and reduced costs (Wang, Huang, Dismukes, 2004). Greater reliance on analytics and real-time data updates are making it possible for supply chains to also streamline the more complex and highly synchronized strategies including the Sales & Operations Planning (S&OP) processes that ensure forecasts reach suppliers in time so they can react with correct production and order fulfillment (Schlegel, Murray, 2010). The real-time aspects of supply chain analytics are also serving at a…. [read more]


Multi-National Report on Ford Motor Essay

… Recently, the company launched a campaign known as the Fiesta Movement and the 2011 Explorer campaign on Facebook. The Explorer campaign loaned out smaller vehicles to young social-media bloggers within the United States prior to the launch of the car. Additionally, the company adapts in operations overseas by marketing products that appeal to the regional customers. For instance, the One Ford strategy that takes advantage of the company's thriving success and greater profits in smaller vehicles within Europe markets.

Re-engineering of Business:

Re-engineering of a company's processes of innovation and production is a series of activities that enables the firm to achieve vital improvements in business ("Ford Motor Company" par, 13). For Ford Motor Company to adapt its operations overseas, the company has usually implemented…. [read more]

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