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Painting of Surgeons Essay

… Rembrandt and Eakins

Both the Dutch painter Rembrandt and the American painter Eakins employ "an illusionistic effect" in their paintings, through the combination of chiaroscuro and impasto (Bauer 29). This paper will discuss two paintings by the respective painters: Rembrandt's The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp (1632) and Eakins' The Gross Clinic (1875) and compare and contrast them.

While nearly a quarter of a millennium passes between the two oil paintings, their subject and approach are remarkably similar. Rembrandt, emerging from the Baroque period of art, where the dramatic fuses with the realistic, provides a glimpse into the world of autopsy in the 17th century. His use of illumination gives the painting an arresting quality, as the main light is focused on the cadaver,…. [read more]

American Art Term Paper

… ¶ … Armory Show of 1913 was one of the most influential events in the history of the American artistic movement. The exhibit was special because it contained a myriad of highly controversial paintings. Two specific parts are significant because in the wake of previously large independent art exhibits, the Armory Show was by the largest with a total of 1250 paintings, sculptures and decorative works. Such an exhibit with its breath of artists showed that America had expanded its tastes to a much broader understanding of the art around the world. Three paintings stood out in their controversy and signal the beginning of a new era largely due to this exhibit. Cezanne's painting of Hill of the Poor, was displayed after purchase by the…. [read more]

Art Violence and Social Engagement in Colombia Research Proposal

… ¶ … Colombia is the third-largest recipient of military aid from the United States and is at a critical juncture in its turbulent history. More than three million people have been displaced in Colombia during the past decade alone, and violent deaths and kidnappings remain alarmingly high. While violence is nothing new to the people of Colombia, their response to its sources and causes have been portrayed in the visual arts in various ways, with one of the most recent manifestations of this being portrayal such as the "The Skin of Memory," developed by the anthropologist Pilar Riano-Alcala and the artist Suzanne Lacy in collaboration with a multidisciplinary team in Colombia. Because art must also serve a social function and civic responsibility, this thesis evaluates…. [read more]

Michelangelo's Zeal for Defying the Norm Research Paper

… Michelangelo's Zeal For Defying The Norm

Michelangelo's enduring influence

Michelangelo's creativity

Michelangelo's Emphasis on Visual Effects

Emotional nature of Michelangelo's effects

Success of visual effects

Beyond Borders

How Michelangelo's work influenced many states

Future Generations Inspired

Michelangelo influenced his younger peers

Michelangelo continues to influence architecture

Architectural Designs Inspired from Michelangelo

Michelangelo -- Inspiration for Design and Approach

Michelangelo's continuing influence

Most influential works

N ame

Michelangelo's devotion and emphasis on the overall design of a creation is obvious in his work because he often translated concepts from one field to another and the most renowned was his interest in the male figure that he not only portrayed in his paintings but also into his sculptures. Michelangelo is well-known for his interest in the human…. [read more]

Ho Women Are Portrayed in Late 19th Century Art Term Paper

… ¶ … Women are Portrayed in Late 19th Century Art

Throughout history, women have served as the subjects of compelling and poignant works of art, reflecting in large part how society viewed them and what roles they were expected to play. These gender differences were especially pronounced during the 19th century when women were women and men were men, and these differences can be readily discerned in the portraiture that emerged during this period. This paper provides an analysis of how women were portrayed in late 19th century art in general and in the paintings of women by John Singer Sargent and James Abbott McNeal Whistler in particular. An examination of how women are portrayed in paintings in general before the 19th century is provided,…. [read more]

Canadian Politics Research Paper

… The exhibition was to be held in mid-September to October in the year 1995. It overlapped the date of the October crisis itself and was to serve as the 25th anniversary of the event. In addition, a play was also scheduled with the art exhibition in order to reenact the event. (Gessell, 2012)

When the national gallery of Canada expressed the desire of collaboration with the art community, Tourbin talked to its representative in order to ensure the collaboration between OAG and NGC. It was decided that the National Gallery of Canada will collaborate with the Ottawa Art Gallery and exhibit the La crise d'octobre along with four new paintings. This was the deal between the National Gallery of Canada. (Mclennan, 2014)

Meanwhile, the Ottawa…. [read more]

Demographics of a New York Term Paper

… This critically acclaimed addition to the neighborhood's culinary community has been well received by residents and tourists alike, with The Lion offering a taste of nearby Greenwich Village's well-appointed lifestyle for a relatively affordable price.

The neighborhood spanning W. 9th Street and N. Washington Square, between Fifth and Sixth Avenues is directly adjacent to one of New York City's most beloved landmarks; Washington Square Park, which is home to a circular plaza surrounding a spectacular fountain, with an abundance of trees, grass, and public space. Residents of the neighborhood can easily walk to Washington Square Park to enjoy a sunny day with a picnic or a jog, and although the destination is well established as a must-see stop for New York City's notorious hordes of…. [read more]

Pencil: An Artist's View of an Implement Research Proposal

… ¶ … Pencil:" an Artist's View of an Implement

The pencil is not beautiful. Its pointed, dark grey, graphite nib is as ugly and drab as the lead-tipped pencils of my parent's childhood. It leaves a long, steely trail across the white, heavy-woven page. What will the slashing action of the pencil bring to life? A horse? A mountain? A woman's face? My fingers clasp the wood. Old-fashioned wood. Yellow and thin. Some people my age hardly know how to hold a pencil, even though their fingers dance across a computer's keys with ease. For them, gripping a pencil is like shaking hands with a stranger. They associate pencils with scantron tests that require a No.2 nib or writing thank-you notes to elderly relatives. For…. [read more]

Work of Art in the Age of Its Technological Reproducibility Term Paper

… ¶ … Art in the Age of Its Technological Reproducibility

Walter Benjamin was a critic of the arts; he made some proofs on the transformation of fine arts to modernized interpretation of art. There are five main ideas to his analysis of "The Work of Art in the Age of Its Technological Reproducibility," based on Benjamin (1937):

To an ever greater degree the work of art reproduced becomes the work of art designed for reproducibility.

The film responds to the shriveling of the aura with an artificial build-up of the "personality" outside the studio.

The equipment-free aspect of reality here has become the height of artifice; the sight of immediate reality has become an orchid in the land of technology.

Magician and surgeon compare to…. [read more]

Richard Selzer's "The Knife" Richard Selzer's Ability Essay

… Richard Selzer's "The Knife"

Richard Selzer's ability to juxtapose real life step-by-step surgical procedures with metaphor, irony, similes, personification and abstract language shows that not only does he fully understand the delicate, dangerous work of a surgeon, but also he gully grasps the art of descriptive narrative.

Embracing reality, spicing reality up a bit with metaphors is always a good idea for an essayist. "One holds the knife as one holds the bow of a cello or tulip -- by the stem," he writes to open the essay. Certainly when an alert reader is confronted with a metaphoric comparison of a tulip or cello bow with a razor sharp surgeon's knife -- one smells good, another makes music and the third slices into human skin…. [read more]

Film -- Kundera, the Unbearable Term Paper

… Sabina, opting for the freedom of art, flees to California. It is a film that emphasizes both universal themes and political themes. Making love, laughing, and expressing oneself in works of art are the only weapons these characters have against the oppressions of their society.

When the Russian tanks invade Czechoslovakia, winter descends upon "Prague Spring" and these three young people are trapped in a world that stifles the lightness of their being. Sabina's gay mirror paintings had dominated the first "Prague Spring" section, but in section two, as the tanks rumble down the streets, Tereza's stark and violent photographs (at one point she shoots her camera fearlessly directly into the barrel of a gun) supersede Sabina's mirror paintings. This middle photographic section is reminiscent…. [read more]

Robotics the Popular Concept Term Paper

… For example, a robot arm can extend by telescoping. This is usually done by sliding cylindrical sections one over another to lengthen the arm. Robot arms also can be constructed to bend like an elephant trunk while the human arm cannot. Devices known as "grippers," or "end effectors" that are designed to grip and grasp objects, mimic the function and structure of the human hand and the fingers. Robot arms can also be designed to perform special tasks by equipping them with special purpose "grippers." (Bekey)

Inverse Kinematics

The other important parts of a robotic arm are its joints. These are usually driven by electric motors. Computer calculates the joint angles and the degree to which the arm and its gripper is to move for…. [read more]

Women in the American Revolution Term Paper

… She was called Sgt. McCauly [sic] and was wounded at some battle, supposed to be the Brandywine, where her sex was discovered.... It was an unusual circumstance to find women in the ranks disguised as men, such was their ardor for independence.'

"(It is interesting that the editorial continues with the observation),

Elizabeth Canning was at a gun at Fort Washington when her husband was killed and she took his place immediately, loaded, primed and fired the cannon with which he was entrusted. She was wounded in the breast by grapeshot... '"4

This brings us to an important question. How can these many supposed authorities have conflicting information about something, which should be provable with Pennsylvania Military records? The answer may lie in 18th century…. [read more]

British and German Trench Poetry Side Research Proposal

… ¶ … British and German trench poetry side by side

Teaching British and German trench war poetry side-by-side

One of the difficulties in teaching World War I is that the memory of World War II is often much sharper in the minds of students. The more ambiguous causes of the First World War, and the complex feelings of both German and British soldiers can be lost if there is too much focus on the British War Poets alone. Examining both nationalities' poetic response to war enables a compassionate cross-comparison of both traditions. It enables students to identify both similarities and differences in the responses of German and British war poets, who were responding to the same experience of bloodshed, albeit from different sides of the…. [read more]

Socratic Reasoning to Construct an Interpretation Term Paper

… Buddhism

Pali Canon Buddhism entails certain central teachings that are easily misinterpreted by critics. Some of these teachings include the abstinence from Tanha and Upadana (desire and attachment), as well as practices with the goal of Nibbana and Nirvana. Usually the problem with these common objections is that an element of teaching is removed from its context and not seen according to the core teaching of the philosophy. Socratic reasoning is then used below in order to link the various teachings with the core concept of the philosophy, which is to evolve and improve spiritually.

Buddhist teaching recommends a number of ideals. Some of these include eliminating Tanha, not seeking for anything, consciousness has no resting place, escaping into an Unborn realm, seeing everything as…. [read more]

Southern and Northern Renaissance Term Paper

… Southern & Northern Renaissance

The Southern vs. The Northern Renaissance

Although both the Southern and Northern Renaissances were characterized by a revitalized interest in the human relationship with the world, as opposed to the human relationship with God, the impact of the Protestant Reformation upon Northern Europe created a far darker view of human life, in contrast to the still hopeful Italian, Catholic portrait of humanity dwelling in a fallen, but still recognizably God-created world. Northern Europe also had a less sanguine view of femininity, as the Catholic cult of the Virgin Mary met with Protestant disapproval, although this was somewhat replaced in England with the cut of the Virgin Queen Elizabeth I. "What a piece of a work is a man," begins Hamlet, encapsulating…. [read more]

Animation Replace Real Actors Art Term Paper

… "In the end, we will likely come to accept cyberstars as one of the countless illusions that make up a movie. Films function because of our willing suspension of disbelief; artificial actors are no different. They come to life only if we really, really want to believe in them." (Kehr)

However, this "change in the rules that heretofore have neatly distinguished the real from the simulated and the human from the not-human, the rules that have defined the nature and the boundaries of the body and its relation to soul or spirit or self" (Wilson) may seem to be a threat not to the work of superstar actors like Tom Hanks, but more to the barely acknowledged stunt-people and extras. It is simply not feasible…. [read more]

Scientific Revolution and Management of Western Civilization Literature Review

… ¶ … Scientific Method, Scientific Revolution and Scientific Management of Western Civilization

The quest for knowledge for knowledge's sake is an inherent part of mankind, and with this knowledge we are able to progress as a race through scientific advancements, in the form of medicine and technology to name but two. One of the most famous figures who pushed knowledge for knowledge's sake was Galileo, who discovered, to the horror of the Church, that the Earth is not the centre of the universe. So important was Galileo that he has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy" (Singer 217). The Scientific Revolution itself was a major turning point in human understanding of the world, but rather than being confined to a single area or…. [read more]

Wuthering Heights Book Report

… Wuthering

Metaphor: "it would be foolish to sit sulking for the misbehaviour of a pack of curs"

Allusion: Heathcliff is "a dark-skinned gipsy in aspect, in dress and manners a gentleman" alludes to Othello

Point-of-View: "I have just returned from a visit to my landlord -- the solitary neighbour that I shall be troubled with."

Imagery: "I paused to admire a quantity of grotesque carving lavished over the front, and especially about the principal door; above which, among a wilderness of crumbling griffins and shameless little boys, I detected the date '1500,' and the name 'Hareton Earnshaw.'"

Irony: "A perfect misanthropist's heaven."

Metaphor: "the first feathery flakes of a snow-shower" and "Vinegar-faced Joseph projected his head from a round window of the barn."

B. Allusion:…. [read more]

Life After Death: Philosophy, Science, and Belief Research Paper

… If anything these processes are heightened: thinking is vivid, hearing is sharp; and vision can extend to 360 degrees. [They] claim that without physical bodies, they are able to penetrate walls and doors and project themselves wherever they want. They frequently report the ability to read people's thoughts. The out of body experience is quite important from a scientific point-of-view because it is the only feature of the near-death experience that can be independently corroborated. (162-3)

Indeed in the twenty first century, this method of asserting life after death has become most popular, with best-sellers in the past four years focusing on a small child (Todd Burpo's Heaven is for Real) and a brain surgeon (Eben Alexander's Proof of Heaven) who had near-death experiences revealing…. [read more]

Presbyopia Is a Disorder Essay

… It works through absorption of the first tissue, or fluid, which the laser interacts, resulting to fragmentation of tissue into small molecules ejected from the surface of the tissue. In turn, they give rise to clapping sound of the laser treatment. Being a non-thermal laser, there is minimal collateral damage to the surrounding tissue. Each of the pulse tends to remove a quarter of the affected tissue (Charles et al., 2007).

Eximer Laser in Presbyopia Correction

The laser utilizes ultraviolet rays to correct presbyopia. It uses a combination of noble gas such as argon, krypton or xenon, and another reactive gas, such as chlorine. When there is electrical stimulation, and high pressure there is creation of exciplex, which in turn produces laser light in the…. [read more]

Mcdonald's Integrated Marketing Campaign Dissertation

… Noe (2006) further stated that advertisements for food and beverages passes on a message that is powerful enough to trigger consumption of the food advertised and positive emotions linked to food consumption. The message conveyed in the food adverts have the powers to act as real-world primes and lead to corresponding eating behaviors. However, given the types of foods, which are mostly fast foods or snacks and consumption benefits that are typically promoted in food adverts, what is primed or activated in the human conscious is usually consumption of those foods that are rather unhealthy. Therefore fast food advertisement that conveys snacking and fun i.e. those mostly shown when children programs are on air, will automatically trigger consumption behavior not only among children but also…. [read more]

Medicine in the Ancient World Research Paper

… Medicine in the Ancient World

The introduction of medicine and primitive healthcare strategies to the ancient world is one of the giant steps that were taken to improve the lives of the citizens. Much has changed of course in the centuries that have passed since ancient medicine was being introduced, but it is interesting and instructive to look back at the beginnings of what we now know as modern medicine.

Acupuncture. An article in the American Journal of Chinese Medicine points out how fascinating it really is that a procedure that was created in the Stone or Bronze ages, acupuncture, is a very well respected and popular medical practice in 2011. "Could anything serious really be created… in primitive civilization" that has anything at all…. [read more]

Masculinity in Medicine Term Paper

… Gendering of Medicine:

How have typically masculine and feminine medical practices changed because of the increase of female doctors and male nurses?

One of the most interesting aspects of how medicine as a profession has been gendered is its evolution from a largely feminine to a masculine system of practice. In early times, women performed many of the functions now relegated to conventional, scientific medicine, such as childbirth and administering home folk remedies. The cliche of an 'old wives' tale' suggests the early feminization of medicinal practices. Yet because these bits of wisdom were based upon received tradition and personal experience, they were often imprecise. Only after medicine became standardized in its empirical practice did the profession gain respect and became regarded as 'masculine,' to…. [read more]

Sociology Aries Asia and Aging and Family Issues Dissertation

… Aging

Go Gracefully Into That Good Night

The lucky among the human race share one fate: They get to enter the kingdom of the aged.

This is not -- at least in the United States -- generally the consensus view of aging. Good luck? To get old? Surely not. Wrinkles and hearing aids and trifocals? Who would want those?

Well, as the adage goes, consider the alternative.

That "alternative" is -- of course -- death. But this paper underscores the point that there are other alternatives. Not to death, of course, because death awaits us all, whether in infancy, childhood, adulthood, or senescence. But what awaits the lucky who get to the point of old age does not have to be a litany of ailments…. [read more]

History of Embryology Term Paper

… These mutant genes, however, were considered to be alleles at the same locus. The answer to this genetic quandary was to be found in the embryology of the mouse (Burian et al.).

The effect of the two alleles T. And to on notochord and mesoderm might suggest that the two alleles act on two different structures. However, if considered from the embryological point-of-view, the notochord and mesoderm of the mouse have the same origin, namely in the tissue of the wall of the primitive gut. This brought the problem back to what had been thought of as the mammalian equivalent of the dorsal blastopore lip. Gluecksohn-Schoenheimer was trying to do with mutants what Spemann and the Mangolds had done by transplantations. As she would summarize…. [read more]

Dream Content as Therapy: Ego vs. Repression Dissertation

… For example: a parent has repeating nightmares, and the child "dreams his dreams " because the child is in a psychic resonance with the parent. The child's dreams end when the parent's does. Four, it might be a repetition of a past traumatic event in current lifetime. For example: a person might dream of a recent rape, a childhood assault or a wartime battle. This type of nightmare is so deeply etched in the psyche that it can require heavy use of behavioral dream-work techniques to modify the content and emotional intensity.

A fifth factor could be that the dream is a depiction of a past or probable life. For example: a client might dream the last events prior to a violent…. [read more]

NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.