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Gaza Conflict. It Explores Essay

… A number of the affected families sought shelter together with their relatives. On the thirteenth day of the military operation, approximately 21,200 Palestinian individuals who had been displaced were residing at the shelters. As the third week was approaching, the number of displaced individuals increased by approximately 14,300. This made the total number of displaced Palestinian individuals to reach 35,520. The number of displaced Palestinians continued to rise steadily. This resulted into the opening of additional emergency shelters all over Gaza.

Destruction of Buildings

A number of buildings were destroyed as a result of the Gaza Conflict. A report that was provided by the Red Cross indicated that in Jabalia, more than one thousand households now lives on the ruins of their houses. It was…. [read more]

Gaza War Began in 2008 Essay

… Because of Israel's failure to effect any change as a result of the 2006 war against Hezbollah, the state of Israel was eager to demonstrate its capabilities in the new field of Asymmetrical war. [4: Page 5, Cordesman, Anthony. The Gaza War: A Strategic Analysis. Center for Strategic and International Studies, March 3rd, 2009.]

When Hamas reiterated its proclamations that the state of Israel did not have a right to exist in 2008, Israel took it upon itself to launch a pre-emptive strike on Hamas in Gaza, which was characterized by three things. First, the border crossing was overrun by Israeli troops, bringing the economy of Gaza to a standstill. Israel also threatened the cutting off of water and electricity in Gaza. Hamas responded…. [read more]

Palestine How Would You Feel Term Paper

… However, when they felt that Palestine was not taking this seriously, they reversed their steps which paved way for yet another failed effort (Erin, 143)

The Road Map for Peace was an agreement designed by America, EU, UN and Russia. All the countries agreed for the formation of an independent state of Palestine. It was the first one in which the country would get the status of being a separate state. The planned objectives were for both countries to end violence and live in harmony with each other. Failure of the plan was due to in cooperation from both sides. Out of all the peace accords ever proposed, the road map to peace b [picked up some pace after the death of Yasser Arafat. The…. [read more]

Current Affairs in Palestine Term Paper

… ¶ … Palestine

Politically, the Middle East region is a volatile area, as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is a continuously unfolding story. Efforts are constantly being made to improve the security environment for the two actors involved. Due to the complexity of the issue that has marked the political discussions for more than 50 years now, the conflict between the two parties and the consequences are not strictly confined to the Israel territory and the Palestinian one; more precisely, there is a certain spillover effect which automatically determines other countries to consider their own contribution to an eventual peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinian Authority. This is why, in order to have a proper image of the current state of affairs in Palestine, it is…. [read more]

What Are the Problems Facing Palestine Afghanistan and Iraq? Term Paper

… ¶ … Palestine, Afghanistan and Iraq? What would be one way that peace can be achieved?

The problems currently facing Palestine, Afghanistan and Iraq are the most difficult and explosive global issues facing the international community. Their satisfactory resolution is imperative if we are to live in a peaceful world in the 21st century. This essay briefly describes the problems facing these three countries and outlines a possible solution for achieving peace in the troubled regions.

The Palestine Problem:

The conflict between the Israelis and Palestinians is rooted in the circumstances surrounding the establishment of the Jewish state of Israel on Palestinian territory in 1948. The UN Partition Plan, announced in November 1947, proposed the partition of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states with 55%…. [read more]

British Mandate of Palestine Thesis

… ¶ … British Mandate of Palestine. Specifically it will compare and contrast the conflicts of that time with the conflicts of today, and any similarities and laws that apply. The British Mandate of Palestine occurred after the fall of the Ottoman Empire after the First World War. Under the Mandate, Britain ruled Palestine until 1948, and it was during this time that the famous Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in Palestine.

The League of Nations created the Mandate in 1920, after World War I ended, and it was put into effect in 1922. The editors of note, "The Mandate was international recognition for the stated purpose of 'establishing in Palestine a national home for the Jewish people'."

Before the Mandate, the Ottoman Empire had…. [read more]

Palestine and the Gaza Strip Term Paper

… ¶ … ownership of a property in this modern day and age. That is the reason for title searches. When obtaining a mortgage, a homebuyer pays to ensure that there is a title for the land. This process becomes very difficult -- actually impossible -- if going back thousands of years into pre-history without written records and when one group of people has displaced another, yet another. It becomes even more complex when emotions, politics and territoriality get involved. That, in short, is the story of the Gaza Strip in Palestine.

The Jewish people ruled Palestine prior to the Christian Era and the reign of King Herod the Great of Nazareth. Titus of Rome then seized Jerusalem, and Palestine became the focus of Christian pilgrimages.…. [read more]

Israeli Occupation of the Gaza Term Paper

… It is therefore evident that U.S. financial aid actually becomes a source for other countries to commit violence, injustice, and atrocities against other countries or societies.

It is also worth noting that Petter's article was a personal narration of her condition and the political debacle she had to go through in order to justify the protest she had joined at Israel. Speaking for other people's protests against Israel's commitment of injustice against Palestine, she asserted, "[f]or daring to witness and report the brutal effects the wall is taking on the Palestinian population, I have been deemed a "security threat" by the State of Israel ... " Her narrative remained an open-ended report on the continuing conflict between Israel and Palestine supporters.

The personal tone that…. [read more]

Game Theory of the Israel Palestine War Essay

… Game theory: How the irrational behavior in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict might be explained by the 'rational' analysis of game theory

Game theory is based upon the presumption that international actors are rational 'black boxes' that carefully calculate their options and move as homogeneous units in the chess game of global politics. The messy, multifaceted nature of Middle Eastern politics would seem to belie such an assumption. However, according to Robert Wright's 2002 article "Both sides now" many devoted game theorists steadfastly insist upon the application of game theory to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Game theory, according to its adherents, can be helpful in predicting the complex interplay of state and non-state actors, by demonstrating why seemingly irrational behaviors have a rational basis, depending on the…. [read more]

Arab-Israeli Conflict Research Proposal

… ¶ … establishment of the Israeli State and the long subsequent series Arab-Israeli wars over it has been at the heart of Middle Eastern conflict over six decades. The fundamental conflict between Israel and the Palestines displaced by the first offensive Arab attacks on the nascent Israeli state continues to fuel tensions throughout the entire region. Unlike many other conflicts that eventually reach a peaceful settlement, the intractable conflict over the Palestinian refugee issue has developed into a continuous cycle of violence that is not leading towards any agreement or peace. Complex issues of identities, fulfillment of basic needs, nationalism, religious zeal, and cultural differences have compounded the problem.

The various influences demand an objective analysis and a philosophical approach to laying groundwork for stability…. [read more]

Multinational Force and Its Mandate for Peacekeeping Term Paper

… Multinational Force and Its Mandate for Peacekeeping

Reasons for creation of MFO

The origin of Multinational Force and Observers -- MFO is traced back to the Annex I to the Treaty of Peace captioned 'Protocol Concerning Israeli Withdrawal and Security Arrangements'. (History: Multinational Force and Observers) The geographical area demarcated under Annex I is split into four zones. The Zones A, B, and C. lie in the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt and Zone D. In Israel. C and D. Zones are coterminous with the International border. This Annex also involves the post-withdrawal levels of military personnel and equipment permitted in each Zone and in Article VI it is envisaged that both Parties would request the United Nations to entail a force and observers to coordinate…. [read more]

New York Times Term Paper

… This is because the Israeli Prime Minister has consistently shown that the Gaza plan negates or contradicts Sharon's actions and policies in the past. Thus, the author concludes that perhaps the only inspiration for the plan is to decrease, as much as possible, U.S. intervention on the said issue, a strategy crucial if Israel wants to preserve peace and security in a period where national security of all states are constantly threatened, especially those nations allied to the United States. Thus, the Gaza plan illustrates that Israel is capable of handling its own problems and conflicts with other nations, and that U.S. intervention is not a necessary solution to solving these problems.

The editorial of the Dallas Morning News, meanwhile, expresses the same "mixed emotions"…. [read more]

Israeli Palestinian Conflict and the Middle East Term Paper

… International Politics

The Threat of Terrorism the Context of International Relations between the U.S. And the Middle East

The threat of terrorism in the U.S. is inextricably linked to the events in the Middle East and the perceived role of the U.S. many of those events; especially in the Israeli/Palestinian disputes. The U.S. is a major power and the country has not been afraid to use that power in international relations. It is the way that the power has been used, often for the support of Israel, to the detriment of Arabic nations.

To appreciate this one can look at the way in which the U.S. has supported Israel, this was seen with the 'friendship' formed between Kennedy and David Ben-Gurion (Bass 2). Building ion…. [read more]

Source and Future of National Identity in Israel Term Paper

… Israel and Palestine

Zionist Movement

The Zionist movement began in the late 19th century. It reflected the idea that, after centuries of persecution and Diaspora, which began in the 6th century B.C., when the Jews were forced out of Israel and exiled to Babylonia; Jews should rebuild their original homeland in Israel (Ram, 1998). Only when Jews had a state, a country, would there be an end to Jewish Diaspora. As well as a Jewish state where all Jews would be welcome to be free of the racial prejudices and hate that had followed them since the 6th century Diaspora. Zionism was born out of the natural human need for the Jews to have a state where they could collectively pursue their religious faith and…. [read more]

Achieving Peace in the Middle Term Paper

… But the majority of Israelis and Palestinians, who want to live their lives without fear or fighting, know that their only lasting escape is through an agreement acceptable to both sides (After, 2002)

Led by Saudi Arabia, all the Arab countries have now said that they will accept Israel once it has withdrawn from its conquests in the 1967 war, a withdrawal first demanded by the UN Security Council 35 years ago. The two-state solution is now even agreed to by Mr. Sharon, though his concept of a Palestinian state on less than half the West Bank would be, in Palestinian words, no more than a collection of "statelets in Israel's belly (After, 2002)."

Each time there is a war the hatred grows deeper and…. [read more]

Israel 1948 A2 Coursework

… ¶ … Israel 1948 was one of the key turning points in the political development of the contemporary Middle East. From 1948 on, Israel was an independent state ruled by their own government which brought Israeli organizations together under one rule, liberated from foreign influence. After the creation of the State of Israel, frequent wars in opposition to its existence broke out due to the tremendous antagonism felt towards a Zionist state (e.g. The Arab-Israeli war 1948, the 1956 Suez War, 1967 Six Day War, 1967-1970 War of Attrition and Yom Kippur 1973). It was wars such as these that forced Israel to bolster its own military defense, increase diplomatic ties with the West, and attempt to become a self-sufficient "island" surrounded by enemies. Israel,…. [read more]

Arab-Israeli Conflict the Genesis Research Proposal

… Arab-Israeli Conflict

The genesis of the Arab-Israeli conflict predated the 1948 creation of the modern state of Israel. Ottoman colonialism had scarred the Middle East for centuries. During World War One, French and especially British intervention in the region exacerbated an already heated conflict between Arabs and Jews in Palestinian region. The political trend toward nationalism also encouraged the Zionist ideology.

Zionism began as a loosely organized grassroots movement in Europe during the late nineteenth century that encouraged Jews in Diaspora to claim a homeland territory in Palestine. Zionism was not a universal theme among Jews, and in fact many Jews living in Palestine and abroad opposed the creation of a modern Israeli nation-state (Beinin & Hajjar). The primary impetus of Zionism was to create…. [read more]

Wall on Palestinian Economy Term Paper

… An Iraqi Perspective

The Israeli authorities say that the Wall is being constructed to protect vulnerable Israeli settlements (Gordon, 2003). They argue that problems with access to water, schools, farms and hospitals will be resolved by putting gates in the wall, and by issuing permits to cross it.

According to Linda Chavez (2003), "Israel should not give up its plans to build a secure barrier between itself and those who want to destroy the tiny nation. In the last three years, some 900 Israelis have been murdered by Palestinian terrorists. Short of all-out war on the Palestinians, a security barrier between Israel and the Palestinian territories may be the only way to prevent future attacks. A similar wall separating Gaza has prevented any terrorists from…. [read more]

Future of a Place Strangling Term Paper

… ¶ … Future of a Place Strangling in Its Past

When one reads or watches news coverage of the Middle East, one can all to easily come away with the sense that there is nothing that can be done to ameliorate the situation there. It often seems as if the earth has somehow shifted underneath the region and the Israelis and the Arabs were inhabiting the territory of Ancient Greece and the players -- the ultra-Orthodox Israeli settlers determined to push the borders of their nation ever-farther outward, the Holocaust-deniers, the dispossessed Palestinians, the state of Israel as the lone democracy in the area, Saudi billionaires disbursing their money -- are trapped in a play by Euripides or Sophocles.

As this paper explores, this play…. [read more]

Citizens of a Stateless Nation Annotated Bibliography

… While the issue of Quebecois detachment from the Canadian nation typically fails to garner the global recognition generated by more violent conflicts, the French-speaking residents of this intensely individualized region have remained doggedly determined to secure their autonomy. Reacting to their continued dismissal as second-class citizens by the Canadian people, "in the 1960's the 'quiet revolution' swept the province, a period of modernization and renewed social structures & #8230; [and] it was at this time that some Quebecois began to believe that their future should lie in a separate French-speaking republic" (Minahan 1546-47). The democratic process was allowed to remain the deciding factor in this bitter battle over cultural preservation, and during a "referendum on secession on 30 October 1995, the Quebecois voted 49.44% for…. [read more]

Terrorism Chapter 10 of Jonathan Research Paper

… This is true as well for the formation of Hezbollah, an even more radical group than the PLO. Hezbollah is a self-conscious and self-affirming anti-Israeli organization that foments tension in the region and embraces terrorist activity as part of its core agenda. The organization is primarily based in southern Lebanon and was a response to the Israeli invasion of Lebanon and the post-colonial activities of Europeans and Americans. Iran supported Hezbollah initially as part of an overall scheme to divest Israel of its political legitimacy ("Hezbollah" History and Overview"). White offers both a sympathetic and a critical view of Hezbollah, which provides a responsible and balanced approach to the study of terrorism in the region.

White shows that terrorism is viewed as a legitimate response…. [read more]

Iran Hostage Discussion Questions: Middle East History Research Paper

… Iran Hostage

Discussion Questions: Middle East History

Compare and Contrast the reform policies of Mustafa Kemal and Reza Khan.

In the aftermath of World War I, the world had begun to experience massive structural change, with a wave of imperial collapses producing a groundswell of nationalism and independence movements. The once mighty and respected Ottoman Empire was among these, with decades of retraction and dictatorship unraveling into widespread discontent. So too would be the Kingdom of Persia find itself on the cusp of change, with an historical rule of clergymen and local warlords coalescing into disorder. In these circumstances, Mustafa Kemal and Reza Kahn would emerge to bring about the existence of modern Turkey and Iran respectively.

The great military and political leader, Mustafa Kemal…. [read more]

Arab-Israeli Conflict Tensions Between Israel and Palestinians Term Paper

… Arab-Israeli Conflict

Tensions between Israel and Palestinians have been of great concern to the rest of the world ever since they began, in 1947. In that year, Great Britain, who governed the area as a protectorate and with the approval of the United Nations (Bennis, 1997), partitioned the land so that both Palestinians and Israelis could live in what was then called Palestine. This action was taken as a response to the Holocaust of World War II. World powers felt that Jewish people needed a homeland, and some Jews had been quietly moving to Palestine for some years. These "Zionists" believed they had an historical claim to the land, but the Palestinians currently living there viewed it as theirs, and they had been there for…. [read more]

Political Boundaries and Conflicts Research Paper

… Political Boundaries and Conflicts

Boundaries refer to physical or psychologically established separations, which mark the ends of agreeable operations and internalities within two or more nations. Every country in the world has its own boundary in the partition, which marks the geological exemplification from one country to another. For instance, the United States of America has boundaries, which separate it from its neighboring countries like Mexico. Germany is a nation with boundaries and shows the end of its geographical dominance with its neighboring countries. Any nation has boundaries and possible most of which are politically instilled. For instance, rivaling political parties exhibit political boundaries, which denote the depth of their political dominance in the region. Still between two or more countries, political boundaries are bound…. [read more]

International Relations of Middle East Term Paper

… Political Science

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein waged war against his neighbors twice. First, against the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1980; second, against Kuwait in 1990.

Both the Iran-Iraq War of 1980 and the Iraq-Kuwait Conflict of 1990 are examples of former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's aggression. The military conflicts, which both were identified as the Persian Gulf or Gulf War at one time, involved the president's desire for a natural resource and his turning to violence and aggression in order to get it. A boarder dispute was at the heart of President Saddam Hussein and Iraq's decision to invade neighboring Iran in 1980. Historically, the boarder between the two states had been a source of Middle Eastern conflict, dating back to Iraq's days as…. [read more]

Rapid Innovations in Technology Thesis

… For example, Hurrell and Woods emphasize that, "Within weak states globalization and widening inequality are eroding the capacity of governments to deal with an increasing set of social, economic, and political conflicts" (1999: 2). At the regional level, the inequalities being generated by globalization are creating instability and the further marginalization of the already impoverished (Blank 2007). At the global level, the implications of the inequalities being caused by globalization are even more severe. In this regard, Hurrell and Woods add that, "As globalization creates sharper and more urgent problems for states and international institutions, increasing inequality reduces their capacity to manage these problems effectively. In this context, it is unsurprising that the sense of unease about globalization has increased and that political and media…. [read more]

Hamas Middle East the Group Essay

… Yassin had his primary influence in Gaza where he delivered many of his religious ceremonies. His leadership in the delivery of the jihad aspect of the HAMAS movement was influential in the early 1990s for the Istishhadis' attacks on Israel. His exploits were essentially the driver of the radical Islamic fundamentalism that is spoken when referring to jihadists and their activity to promote a free Palestinian state.

Ahmed Yassin was behind the sentiment of never yielding to support a Israeli state o occupation in the West Bank and Gaza Strip and in the movement to use terror tactics to create fear and a more manipulative environment for HAMAS to obtain political control. Speaking to the organization's reign of terror, Yassin's directive was in consensus with…. [read more]

Conflict Resolution in the Middle Term Paper

… The pro-Israel camp has its own lobbies, organizations, think tanks, magazines, support groups, Internet user groups, etc. that strives hard to establish that the Arabs are wrong and they are right. The Israelis pose to be more outstanding in morality than the Arabs. Similarly the lobbies, organizations, think tanks, magazines, support groups, Internet user groups, etc. existing in the side of pro-Arab camps strives hard to establish that the Israelis are wrong and they are right. They also announce in similar fashion that they are morally more upstanding in comparison to the Israelis. Both of the groups are accusing each other labeling allegation that the other is morally deficient, the other is not acting nicely and because of the other that they are not arriving…. [read more]

Palestinian and Israeli Conflict in International Law Term Paper

… Palestinian and Israeli Conflict in International Law

History by itself and the differing views of history possibly play a very significant role in the conflict between the people of Palestine and Israel. Thus historical accounts and the interpretation of these accounts are made use of in the claims and counter claims of the parties in the dispute. "No two historians ever agree on what happened, and the damn thing is they both think they're telling the truth" (a Brief History of Israel and Palestine and the Conflict)

History of the Conflict from the Time of Creation of Israel

The UN General Assembly agreed to a plan November 29, 1947 for the division of Arab lands into the three parts of Israel Palestine and an internationally-administered…. [read more]

Geography in the Middle East Term Paper

… ¶ … geography in the Middle East. Specifically it will discuss the road toward Middle East peace and the Annapolis Conference, and how they relate to peace in the area. The Road Map for Peace in the Middle East formulates a complex process for recognition of Israel and the formation of another Palestine for displaced Palestinians. This is a long-term process that has had many roadblocks along the way. For a lasting peace in the Middle East, Israel and Palestine must learn to co-exist, and they must both make sacrifices, and that does not seem to be possible between them.

The Road Map was adopted by United Nations countries (a quartet, referred to in the document), as a performance-based timetable to create a workable peace…. [read more]

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