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Life Experience of Personal Care Research Proposal

… Diabetes is reported as "twice as common in American Indian and Alaska Native communities as in the general population (15.3% compared with 7.3%), and it is steadily increasing." (NIAMS, 2006 in: National Association of Chronic Disease Directors, 2012, p.3)

Methodology

The study conducted is to be a qualitative phenomenological study. Lester (2009) states "The purpose of the phenomenological approach is to illuminate the specific, to identify phenomena through how they are perceived by the actors in a situation. In the human sphere, this normally translates into gathering 'deep' information and perceptions through inductive, qualitative methods such as interviews, discussions and participant observation, and representing it from the perspective of the research participant(s). Phenomenology is concerned with the study of experience from the perspective of the…. [read more]


Reality Television: A Media Psychological Research Proposal

… This is a dangerous position for humanity: the technology and media moves a far greater rate than we are thinking about what it is doing to us psychologically, how these affects manifest, and what to do about them. Again, this is where media psychology provides assistance and the skills to navigate & control the ever-changing and constantly transitioning 21st century global culture. If humanity loses control over the technology it creates, humanity may soon find itself in an inextricable and fatal dilemma that could have been avoidable with some research. Furthermore, with respect to the influence media has on behavior and reality television, media psychology guides researchers through strange, yet relevant territory regarding the nature of existence, the nature of reality, fate, choice, action, and…. [read more]


Role of Research Problem Research Paper

… Another benefit of quantitative research is that it eliminates bias and favoritism from the responses. The respondents are given specific choices to choose their answers from. Thus, they are bound to answer within the set boundaries or dimensions (Sandelowski & Barroso, 2007).

b. Challenges:

Researchers face a number of challenges when they conduct quantitative research. First of all, they cannot use quantitative research in social science, human psychology, and natural sciences because these fields require more subjective responses rather than simple 'Yes' or 'No' (Rubin & Babbie, 2011). Secondly, facts and figures used in quantitative research cannot be generalized with confidence as compared to qualitative research (Cooper & Schindler, 2013).

2. Role of the Research Problem in Choosing an Appropriate Methodology

The research problem for…. [read more]


Ethical Standards in Research Research Paper

… Ethical Standards in Research

Research has become a part of the modern educational system. In all fields of study, research data and papers are used to test a pupil's knowledge and assess their skills to deal and grip a specific scenario that is presented to them. These scenarios can be in various forms, one such being case studies and research-based papers. For the purpose of completing their research papers, students are allowed to access information from various other resources which can be in the forms of books, journal papers, news articles, etc. All the external data that has been selected to complete a research paper cannot be deemed to be the work of the student writing the research paper. All the authors and owners of…. [read more]


Digital Media Technology Research and Design Research Paper

… ¶ … Digital Media Technology Research and Design

The hospitality industry has become increasingly competitive in recent years as major hotel chains vie for erratic occupancy levels during uncertain economic periods. Therefore, identifying opportunities to gain a competitive advantage in this environment represents a timely and valuable enterprise, and this is the focus of this report on digital media technology research and design. This report provides a description of a proposed digital media product, three personas for the proposed digital media product, and two use cases based on these personas concerning the use of the proposed app. Finally, a storyboard depiction of the operation of the proposed digital media product and its intended use is followed by a description concerning how the product will be…. [read more]


Hip Replacement Surgery: Qualitative Analysis Research Paper

… Data Collection:

While focusing on the data collection methods, the first question was whether data collection focused on human experience? (LoBiondo-Wood and Haber, 2014) The answer is yes; the data collection focused on human experience in this study. The second question was whether the researcher describe data collections strategies (i.e. interviews, observation, field notes)? (LoBiondo-Wood and Haber, 2014) The answer once again is yes; the researcher has described data collections strategies in this study. The third question was whether the protection of human participants was addressed? (LoBiondo-Wood and Haber, 2014) The answer to this query is Yes. The participants provided written consent regarding their participation in the study after receiving oral and written information. The forth question focused on whether saturation of the data was…. [read more]


Limitations Qualitative Quantitative Research Method Case Study

… " (Hughes, 2012) Interpretation is the tool through which the information gathered, through different means of research, is put together and set in a wider framework for analysis. Unlike other methods of data gathering, precisely because of the role interpretation plays, qualitative analysis cannot be conducted without the background from which the information was taken. This necessity ensures a much more coherent flow of research through qualitative methods and, at the same time, a higher degree of risk, as interpretation is, in its turn, a subjective, rather than objective tool for analysis.

This type of process is rather difficult to undergo because it needs to take into account a more significant number of sources and research paths. This is largely because qualitative research cannot be…. [read more]


Educational Experience: Teaching a Class of Adult Thesis

… ¶ … Educational Experience: Teaching a class of adult learners

As part of my duties as an instructor and facilitator of adult learners at work, I was given the task of orienting new employees in a new computer program in the Human Resources (HR) department. The students were intrinsically motivated and eager to learn for the sake of their job, given that they knew that the program would substantially increase organizational efficiency and make their jobs easier, even without my explaining how this would be the case. The original system was paper-based and of great frustration to the students as well as the organization. The level of HR service had been rated as below average in the area of keeping and maintaining accurate records, and…. [read more]


Spotlighting Samplings 4 Qualitative Research Research Paper

… Magilvy and Thomas (2009) explain that "qualitative research data are usually text data, narratives, and stories told by people about their experiences recorded digitally, on tape, on film, or in photographs, or in notes taken by the researcher" (¶ 4). After being analyzed, described and explained, the ensuring retrieved data may offer a detailed account of the experience "as lived."

As explained earlier in the study, research design illustrates the entire research process from the first notion of the research problem, to creating the data, analyzing and explaining the findings and ultimately publishing the results. In addition to the phenomenology method, the survey method, the ethnography method, and the case study method, the methods the current study examines, research designs also include, however, may not…. [read more]


Childhood Obesity Research Research Proposal

… In the quest to get the credible information, there will be several online databases and search engines that will be utilized to come up with scientific data and social factors and evidence in handling the issue of obesity. Some of those internet resources will include Google scholar, Medline, Scopus, World Health Organization and UNICEF among others.

Conclusion

The menace of obesity is a serious concern in Saudi Arabia since the tremendous increase in the proportions of the people suffering from obesity brings it to the forefront as a health concern as well as a social concern that needs to be handled once and for all in order to help salvage the country from impending repercussions that the country faces. This can only be achieved when…. [read more]


Action Research Approaches to Analysis of Reading Research Paper

… ¶ … Action Research Approaches to Analysis of Reading issues in English as a Foreign or Second Language Classrooms

For many educators in general, and many English as a foreign or second language (ESOL) educators in particular, it is axiomatic that reading is essential in helping young learners gain improved fluency. It is reasonable to suggest that a lack of motivation to read another language may be attributable to comprehension problem that are the result of a lack of intensive vocabulary instruction. Because resources are by definition scarce, it is important to allocate ESOL resources where they will achieve the optimal academic outcomes. Therefore, studying this issue from several perspectives, including qualitative, quantitative and action research, that can provide fresh insights and new observations which…. [read more]


Teaching English as a Second Research Proposal

… NVivo 7 good qualitative software is the device that will be used to sort and recognize invariant subjects that are noticed in the answers from this contributor sample. The interviews directed will be recorded for the processing of data. All through data analysis, those that are participating can be communicated through the procedure of member checking in turn to remove misunderstanding as much as possible.

Transcribed interviews are going to be examined by methods of qualitative substance analysis exceptionally coding which allows the researcher to recognize and inductively categorize the vital themes. In order to have a primary outline to examine the data and thus start to look at the developing groups, the strategies of Henning (2005) will be expended in plummeting, compressing, and gathering…. [read more]


Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research Essay

… Quantitative methodology embraces a positivist paradigm. "Positivism…asserts a deterministic and empiricist philosophy, where causes determine effects, and aims to directly observe, quantitatively measure and objectively predict relationships between variables" (Vine 2009). Scientific, controlled studies, such as observing whether a drug works or does not work on a particular population, are grounded in positivism vs. A qualitative study which might determine the subjective, personal experiences and impressions of different people on antidepressants. Quantitative studies make use of questionnaires, experiments, and statistically observable data such as in a longitudinal study tracking different trajectories of development between an experimental and a control group. Although qualitative studies may also take place over extended periods of time, quantitative studies only track measurable data that can be compared and the variables…. [read more]


Living With Chronic Illness Research Paper

… Interpretive phenomenology is the main data analysis strategy used in the study. The explanation of the strategy in the section of data analysis explains an understanding of the author towards the strategy.

Results/findings

First, if the patients have links to health care providers, increased positive outcomes are seen in women with chronic illness. Secondly, if the health care providers were partners or husbands, positive outcomes were seen in the women in an increased manner. One of the main examples given in these cases is 41-year-old Tillie who found her health care provider or husband 25 years ago in the emergency room of the hospital she was brought in. The third important factor is personablness at which women need to be treated at the personal level…. [read more]


Participant's Experience: A Qualitative Research Research Paper

… 2). The form and body image signs and symptoms of anorexia nervosa comprise weight loss that is unquestionably dramatic (no medical reason), feeling fat, in spite of being underweight, fixation on body image, severely dangerous of appearance, and refute the fact of them being way too thin (Healthguide, 2001-2010, sec. 2).

What are the causes of anorexia nervosa?

Social pressures are what is said to play the dominant force for the reason of anorexia nervosa. A lot of the cultural standards of feminine beauty over the years as mentioned above have gone through the changes and the media has endorsed extremely slim models and celebrities. If a young person were to turn on their television and look at the shows or videos on MTV or…. [read more]


Health and Safety Questionnaire Qualitative Research Paper

… , 461)

Sample 10 Question Research Questionnaire

1. How does your quality of emergency response training for terrorist WMD respone measure up the training you have received?

2. How well does your equipment measure up to treating trauma victims in a WMD emergency?

3. Was the training you received hands on and how effective was it?

4. Was your training simply classroom lectures and how effective do you feel it was?

5. How well do you think the EMS providers in your facility are prepared for a terrorist induced mass emergency?

6. How well do you feel the trauma ER doctors are trained and prepared for a terrorist WMD incident?

7. How well do you feel the trauma nurses are trained and prepared for a…. [read more]


Deinstitutionalization Literature and Research Sources Research Paper

… Deinstitutionalization

Discussion Question One: What is the importance of a historical literature review?

Literature review, a critical step in research procedure, is a synthesis of what is published concerning a selected topic by accredited researchers and scholars, and it provides an explanation of the literature pertinent to a certain topic or field. Literature review helps in expanding knowledge relating to a specific topic besides helping researchers to demonstrate their skills in critical evaluation and information seeking (Kumar, 2005). The review of literature also helps researchers in ascertaining major gaps in literature that forms the basis of their research. Literature review despite being challenging offers a theoretical framework to the target audience. Literature review helps the audience in understanding the research problem and the techniques applied.…. [read more]


Participant Selection and Sampling Procedures Research Proposal

… I would look to my community for participants. I would also post ads on sites such as craigslist.org as many researchers post listings for participants in research studies online, over the phone, and in-person for modest to substantial remuneration. I would also look at the research of others in media psychology and in the study of reality-based programming for inspiration. I would perhaps mimic and modify established strategies as I develop my own.

My primary sampling methods would be probability methods. As part of probability methods, I would use convenience samples, stratified random samples, snowball samples, and quota samples. This is a fairly new field without a substantial amount of research done. It may be a great challenge to find appropriate participants, but I know…. [read more]


Experimental Research Research Proposal

… Experimental Research

One of the many important decisions a researcher must make during his or her work is which design to use for the research. Two main experimental designs include within-subjects and between-subjects design. Each has its own merits and drawbacks, and researchers tend to choose these according to the purpose and nature of the experiments or surveys to be conducted. For the experiment in question, where three different types of survey invitations are offered online, either the within- or between-subjects design can be used.

According to MacKenzie (2013), most empirical evaluations of input devices or interaction techniques, like the one to be conducted here, will be comparative. In this specific experiment, three types of online survey invitations are explored; the first containing only a…. [read more]


Servant Leadership Does Service-Learning Experience Help Students Research Proposal

… Servant Leadership

Does Service-Learning experience help students promote characters of Servant Leadership at Fu-Jen Catholic University and National Taiwan University?

Leadership can be found in many forms. Some leaders are self-serving, seeing everything in their possession as a tool to be used for their personal gain. Other leaders seem to have a special spark that inspires people. These leaders have a strong desire to give something back to their community. They bring a sense of moral responsibility to their positions. These leaders are what researchers refer to as servant leaders. Spawning this type of leadership is the goal of most secondary educational institutions around the world. This research study will examine the effects of the service learning experience in two major Universities on the ability…. [read more]


Concise Analysis of Research Methodologies A-Level Outline Answer

… Lastly, ratio data considers the group of teenagers that undergo rehabilitation and the group that do not.

Module 3

Briefly describe the primary role of Literature Review in a "quantitative" research study and the primary role of Literature Review in a "qualitative" research study

Literature review serves key purposes in qualitative research. First, the literature review reveals the underlying assumptions behind the research questions that are fundamental to the research proposal. Second, the literature review offers a manner in which a novice researcher is able to persuade the proposal reviewers that she is well-informed about the associated research and the intellectual customs that support the proposed study. Third, the literature review offers the researcher a chance to ascertain any gap that might exist in the…. [read more]


Identifying a Researchable Problem Research Paper

… Evidence-Based Research Problem in Nursing

Guided Imagery and Pain Management

Everyone experiences pain at some point. From the patient in the most dire circumstances in urgent care to the little kid with a sprained ankle. Pain is universal. Yet, it continues to plague individuals all over the world.

Pain Management and the post-surgery healing processes are a difficult area to study based on the personal nature of how each individual patient deals with and visualizes their own pain and recovery. Still, nursing researchers and practitioners are constantly looking for methods to improve or augment current pain management practices within contemporary nursing practice. In more contemporary pain management strategies, there is often a tendency to over rely on pharmaceutical medications. Pain is experienced by patients of…. [read more]


Mixed Methods Survey Research Research Proposal

… ¶ … Mixed Methods

Survey research has become increasingly popular in today's world, where the rapid development of technology has all but overtaken human consciousness. Many of the surveys in operation today are conducted with the help of technology or conversely with the purpose of enhancing existing technology. Surveys involve the collection of information by means of responses to questions (Chapter 8, n.d.). As such, it is a very effective method of collecting data from a broad spectrum of people. The largest survey research operation in existence is possibly the Census, where individuals are surveyed for a myriad amount of data, including their demographic, age, living conditions, income, and a number of other factors. This provides the Government and other officials with valuable data regarding…. [read more]


Special Education Has Been a Major Concern Research Proposal

… Special education has been a major concern for human rights advocates and open-minded educators in recent decades. Since the 1970s, many great strides have been made in assuring that all students receive a fair and equal education. However, every liberal movement made in the education system is met with backlash from those reluctant to see changes. Many legitimate concerns have been raised by the most recent movement in special education, inclusion. The inclusion movement pushes for all students to be educated in a single classroom, so that there is complete integration between normal students and those with special needs. "Inclusive education means that all students in a school -- regardless of their strengths, weaknesses, or disabilities in any area -- become part of the school…. [read more]


Designing a Useful and Understandable Research Project Research Paper

… Designing a useful and understandable research project requires the experimenter to have a grasp of the standards and practices of how this task can be successfully accomplished. The purpose of this essay is to describe in detail a research project dealing with depression in African-American men. This essay will examine each component of the research process to communicate how this project will be accomplished. The essay will first examine the hypothesis and how to test its reliability. The target population and variables will also be discussed and examined how to best frame the argument around this data. Possible problems will also be discussed to prevent mistakes and create a roadmap to a valid and successful research project that can significantly contribute to the collective understanding…. [read more]


Experimental Research and Report Writing Research Paper

… Therefore this experiment does not prove our hypothesis that words organized into hierarchical categories should result in a higher rate of word recall that words that are randomized. One possible explanation of the disparity between our work and that of Bower et al. (1969) is the small sample size. Our study only involved 20 participants, while the Bower et al. (1969) study involved 48 students. Additionally, we conducted only one trial while Bower et al. (1969) conducted four trials.

Even though the group of participants seems to be similar, our results seem to be closer to the middle than the results achieved by Bower et al. (1969). For example, our group of participants who received the uncategorized word list correctly recalled 37.9% of the words…. [read more]


Faith Integration Preventing Research Misconduct Research Paper

… According to the NIH, it would not be until 1972, forty years into the experiment, that evidence would emerge of the illicit research. This would lead to the development of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare, which was itself a forerunner to the Department of Human Health Services. (NIH, p. 7)

Though these agencies would not be faith-based in nature, they offered regulatory oversight and emergent ethical codes that align with the concept of faith integration in their moral orientation. In fact, it can be argued that certain Scriptural assertions are realized through the work of these regulatory agencies. Specifically, we consider Romans 12, which commands us to "Be devoted to one another in brotherly love. Honor one another above yourselves." (Romans 12:10)

Being…. [read more]


Participant Observation the Ritual Activity Term Paper

… Participant Observation

The ritual activity that I have experienced is a visit to a mosque for prayer. This experience entailed going with a Muslim person who could ensure that I did not violate any of the codes of conduct during my visit. Other than that guidance, I was left to observe the activities. The entire process is ritualized. There are ritual ablutions before the prayer, and then the prayer itself is ritualized. Beyond that, there is a ritual element to the socialization that occurs before and after prayer as well. People see their friends and discuss the matters of the day. Even Muslim speech is guided by ritual, for example if somebody refers to the Prophet they always follow it with "peace be upon him"…. [read more]


Terrorism Research Issues Research Proposal

… Resolving field issues in this situation is essential to achieving a purposeful inquiry as researchers are increasingly being asked to research populations with special characteristics, in this case those close to the epicenter of a terrorist attack. The reality is that most of this research must be done on a fresh scale as most institutional lists and/or databases limit information to retain anonymity and protect participants. Therefore as Rothbart, Fine, & Sudman stress, "As research becomes more pointed, more informed by what has gone before, and more oriented toward practical implications, general population surveys often prove inadequate…field-drawn samples have become increasingly essential to successful surveys." (1982, p. 409) Some examples of field issues might be the express impact of; yield, location problems, coverage bias, the…. [read more]


Oral Hygiene Methodology Research Proposal

… who.int/rpc/research_ethics/informed_consent/en / https://eirb.research.usf.edu/Prod/Rooms/DisplayPages/LayoutInitial?Container=com.webridge.entity.Entity%5BOID%5BEC93D33F0BFE684E9BABF4F231A0A81F%5D%5D

Appendix B

Patient

D1S

D3S

D5S

D7S

D9S

D11S

D13S

D15S

D1

XH

4L

2M

3H

2 XH

11L

6L

5M

6L

3M

1H

4L

5M

1H

REFERENCES

Chlebicki, P., & Safdar, N. (2007). Topical chlorhexidine for prevention of ventilator-associated peneumonia: A Meta-analysis. Critical Care Medicine, 35(2), 595-602.

Collard, H., & Saint, S. (2005, June). Prevention of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia. Retrieved from ahrq.gov: http://archive.ahrq.gov/clinic/ptsafety/pdf/chap17.pdf

Dodek, P., et al. (2004). Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines for Prevention of Ventilator-Associated Pneumomia. Annals of Internal Medicine, 141(4), 305-13.

Lansford, T., et al. (2007). Efficacy of a Pneumonia Prevention Protocol in the Reduction of Ventilatory-Associated Pneumonia in Trauma Patients. Liebert Open Access- Surgical Infections. 8 (5): 5505-10.

Linvingtston, D. (2000). Prevention of entilator-associated pneumonia. The American Journal…. [read more]

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