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Payment System Based on Performance Essay

… ¶ … incentivizing or motivating employees are those that have been debated for quite some time now. All enterprises, both private and public, desire better levels of performance out of their workers, however they face the problem of determining just how they will accomplish this task. One approach taken by many companies is to implement a performance-based pay model. The notion of performance-based pay is so instinctively appealing that it looks almost ludicrous for one to disagree with it. Most individuals would agree that those who perform at better levels ought to be paid more than those who have lower levels of performance. Despite this fact, 'pay for performance' has been criticized as having quite a number of in-built problems and as not being an…. [read more]

Reimbursement and Pay-For-Performance Research Paper

… When properly administered, the program happens to benefit both the service providers and the customers who enjoy the rendered services delivered. The health care system also experience stiff competition from other private health care systems in terms of service delivery, therefore, the need to introduce reimbursement and pay-for- performance programs to act as a motivation factor in delivering of services.

However, with the introduction of pay-for-performance and the reimbursement programs into the health care system, several disparities emerged leading inefficiency because of selfish gains by the service providers. This led to poor acquisition of tenders in the supply of materials into the health care system to try to achieve the system cost reduction method introduced.

Several measures put in place to ensure both the reimbursement…. [read more]

Performance Appraisal Causes Term Paper

… It is partly the participation of employees that improves their motivation and understanding of corporate objectives thereby increasing their job performance. Such participation also helps employees in accepting the appraisals and its objectives. This is because of the fact that the employee participation improves communication between superior and subordinates making the goals clearer (Gehrman, 1984; Gibb, 1985; Locke et. al., 1981). In the 80s and 90s, several studies were conducted in this regard and it was found that in order for the job performance to improve, an employee should participate in the process of performance appraisal. One such study aimed to determine the connection between increased work ethic, job performance, and effectiveness of performance measurement and performance appraisal. Buch and Spangler (1990) who studied one…. [read more]

Foreign Monetary System Research Paper

… For this organization to perform efficiently, there are key performance characteristics that must take effect. The characteristics include the provision of adequate liquidity; this means that the provision takes the form of government official reserves held by other countries. In addition, it also needs incentives from commercial banks operating as foreign exchange dealers. Another characteristic is the requirement of individual countries to carry out economic and financial policies that help to maintain a well-balanced monetary system. Another characteristic is the need of confidence with the system. This means that if the private sectors will believe in the government process in creating policies that enhance a balanced international payment system, they will have confidence in the system. In addition, the IMF seeks to promote such policies…. [read more]

Health Systems Management and Electronic Research Paper

… Accessibility of information will also enable the organization to identify problems facing the implementation of the program thus the opportunity to implement necessary changes in the improvement of services (Carpenter, 2011).

Implications in the development of future policies

Information is one of the critical factors towards the achievement of quality and efficient management of the healthcare systems. This is essential for the development and implementation of the concepts of the healthcare system thus essential in the management of the healthcare programs. Lack of accessibility to reliable and comprehensive data is vital for the adoption of information and factors for the improvement of Medicare services for societal welfare. Implementation of information will guide the development of policies focusing on the expansion of the aspect of Medicare…. [read more]

Organizational Performance Management Emergency Medical Essay

… Leadership would be charged with information analysis, process development, human resource development, and strategic planning. To properly gauge an organization's performance, leaders will have to collect data that they will use in making strategic decisions. The leaders will then have to ensure that their employees are well informed in regards to what the data actually means, and advise the employees on how to interpret the results. The goal for this process is maximizing patient care.

When the employees are involved in the processes that are currently taking place within the organization, it would allow for an easy buy-in by the employees. This is because they will readily understand and accept the changes been proposed. As they understand what the organization is intending to achieve, it…. [read more]

Health Systems Issues and Strategic Research Paper

… Table 2

U.S. Life Expectancy in Years







Life Expectancy in Years

Life Expectancy at birth










































Source: Baum, Jennings & Manuck, 2000, p. 29.

Figure 1. U.S.Life Expectancy in Years.

Source: Based on tabular data in Baum et al., 2000, at p. 29.

Figure 2. U.S. Life Expectancy in Years: Men.

Source: Based on data in Baum et al., 2000, p. 29.

Figure 3. U.S. Life Expectancy in Years: Women.

Source: Based on tabular data in Baum et al.,…. [read more]

System of Inquiry Essay


Police Ethics Codes and the Problem of "Professional Courtesy"

In contemporary American policing, every duly authorized federal, state, or local municipal police agency maintains an official code of professional conduct or "code of ethics" (Peak, 2002; Schmalleger, 2008). Generally, police codes of ethics outline the professional responsibility of professional police officers to adhere to high standards of personal and professional conduct in the performance of their official duties. Additionally, many police codes of ethics also apply to the private conduct of professional police officers in their private lives as well (Peak, 2002; Schmalleger, 2008).

Within contemporary American policing, there is a fundamental problem in connection with the existence of unofficial and unauthorized "codes" of "professional…. [read more]

Systems Thinking Is a Way of Analyzing Term Paper

… Systems Thinking is a way of analyzing how a company works in considerable depth. It looks at individuals, subgroups within the company such as departments, and the ways individuals and departments interact with each other, viewing the entire organization as a unified and interrelated whole. It recognizes that because of this inter-relatedness, if one part of the system changes, those changes will affect the entire organization in one way or another. However, at the same time that systems thinking recognizes the true complexity of business organizations, it looks for ways to simplify understanding of how the business works so that any needed changes can be made in an effective way (Mccann, 2004).

The analogy used for systems thinking is that of learning. Just as a…. [read more]

Performance Evaluation of How Hedge Funds Research Proposal

… ¶ … Performance Evaluation of How Hedge Funds Can Be Used to Augment the Overall Efficiency in German Pension Funds

Much attention has been given to hedge funds over the last few years, but the industry itself remains to a large degree, opaque. A lack of clarity and understanding of how these funds work, what they do, and how they can be used in conjunction with other kinds of funds is at the forefront of the knowledge and beliefs of most people when it comes to these funds.

High and unseen risks are involved when investing in these vehicles. However, the returns generated have attracted the attention of a growing number of institutional investors, including those who work with pension funds. Past studies have suggested…. [read more]

Application of Solar Thermal Systems in the UK Dissertation

… ¶ … economic and environmental benefits of using a solar water heating system for hot water applications in a typical British commercial building. Of particular interest was to initially estimate the energy use for heating of water. The most relevant variables were the horizontal solar irradiance, the sky clearness index, the solar declination angle and the ambient air temperature. Since the incident energy is a function of the solar collector tilt angle, an optimum angle which fortunately is equal to the average UK household roof pitch was determined. The Solar Savings calculation was used to calculate the amount of the total conventional hot water heating load (delivered energy and tank standby losses) provided by solar energy less any associated parasitic energy use. These figures were…. [read more]

Policy Changes in Healthcare Finance Essay

… These findings suggest that ASCs will remain viable, thrive even, if they diversify and offer both rare and common procedures.

A more recent analysis predicting the winners and losers during the 2009 calendar year suggested that the losers will be gastrointestinal (-6%), neurological (-3%), and ophthalmology (-1%) (Editors, 2008). By contrast, the winners were expected to be integumentary (7%), genitourinary (11%), respiratory (14%), cardiovascular (16%), musculoskeletal (19%), and auditory (25%). Since eye procedures represent the highest volume surgeries performed by ASCs facilities this prediction tends to validate the claim by Strope and colleagues (2008) that common procedures will tend to experience declines in reimbursement rates over time.

Part III: MS-DRG System

The Deficit Reduction Act (DRA) of 2005 contained provisions mandating a shift of focus…. [read more]

Diagnosis Related Groups (Drg) Systems Research Paper

… The outliers were not included in the general policy guidelines of the DRG.

This offer motivated the hospitals to accept the new system. In order to enforce the DRG system permanently in the healthcare facilities, legislation was passed which acted as the re-freezing measure.

The DRG system was designed without involvement of nursing staff. It was the product of few talented individuals who were serving at leading positions. They must have backed their designed system with many supporting facts and research, however, it lacked in consideration of many important facts and aspects. One of these factors is participation of nursing staff in its revival.

As DRG system is proposed for review in many countries of the world, it must be taken into consideration that the…. [read more]

Accounting System Accounting Information Business Plan

… This will also increase the flexibility and the degree of tailoring that can be provided to the homeowner's association, and the accounting firm will be more easily able to adapt the system to future clients, as well. All of this provides an ultimate cost savings and performance enhancement to the homeowner's association, and will better utilize the knowledge, expertise, and development of accounting firm staff (Turner & Weickgenannt 2009).

Challenges to Automation

Though automation is relatively simple to employ in this case and is well-founded based on current literature and investigations, there are certain challenges inherent to its use (Kruck 2011; Turner & Weickgenannt 2009; Romney & Steinbart 2011). Changes to processes or the environment in which processes occur must be continually incorporated into all…. [read more]

Performance Based Management (PBM) Annotated Bibliography

… Focusing on a large water and sewerage firm in Poland, the article outlines the steps involved in designing and implementing a PBM system. The first step involves strategic analysis, which entails evaluating the organisation's internal and external environment. This includes the present strategic direction (vision, mission, and objectives), state of the organisation, strengths (resources and capabilities), weaknesses (processes, controls, systems, procedures, etc.), as well as threats and opportunities in the micro and the macro environment. A strategic analysis ensures informed determination of performance measures and outcomes. The final step involves actual implementation. An important aspect of the PBM implementation cycle relates to stakeholder engagement. The relevant stakeholders -- from employees to suppliers -- must be effectively engaged to ensure a shared understanding of the PBM…. [read more]

Rules and Institutions of the Bretton Woods System Essay

… History shows that, unions that are centralized are permanent and durable with abilities to adjust to the disturbances and survival shocks as compared to decentralized unions that have a high tendency to disintegrate under political and economic turmoil (Cesarano, 2007).

Monetary unions often face the risk of disintegrated unification among the member states. Political unification often results in monetary unification that sustains the survival of the union (Gnos and Rochon, 2006). However, hegemonic loses in power in member state places the union at risk of disintegration. This calls for the need for the establishment of clearly defined policies and anticipatory measures to respond to such challenges. Shared values related to the benefits of ensuring cooperation among the sovereign member states maintains the stability and functioning…. [read more]

Managing Recruitment Performance and Development Essay

… Managing Recruitment, Performance, And Development

American Army: Recruitment, compensation, management, performance and development

Army functions as the land-based branch of the U.S. armed force. It is the biggest and earliest developed branch of 7 U.S. uniformed services. The Army reports to the Division of Defense and is comprised of 3 elements: the active element, the conventional army; and 2 reserve elements, the Army National Guard along with the Army Reserve (U.S. Army, 2012).

Both reserve parts are comprised of part-time soldiers who train at least once a month. Battle assemblies carry out 2 to 3 weeks of yearly training each year. Despite possessing various elements, the Army carries out both functional and institutional goals. The functional Army includes numbered militaries, corps, departments, brigades, and battalions…. [read more]

Performance of the Company Annual Essay

… The importance of ergonomics is worsened by U.S.'s aging workforce as well as the increase in demand for productivity as well as output both of which have translated to the need for longer working hours. Ergonomics has also been indicated to have an impact on the long-term health issues like disability as well as early retirement. It therefore becomes clear that whether the aim is to provide a healthy and safe user working environment or if it is to improve the corporation's bottom line or if it is both, all organizations can reap the benefits that are associated with effective ergonomic practices.

Ergonomics, which is the science as well as technology of effectively fitting the environment and the activities of individuals to their abilities, needs…. [read more]

Healthcare System in the Netherlands Term Paper

… Healthcare System in the Netherlands

The Netherlands has a unique concept of 'family physician' known as 'Huisarts' who the primary Doctor responsible for coordinating physical and mental care of patients in his neighborhood. January 2006 saw the launching of a new healthcare system which requires citizens to avail a basic health insurance package. It covers medical treatment alongwith services delivered by General Practitioners, hospitals, specialists, indoor admission, dental care and different medical appliances. The healthcare system in the country comprises of three divisions for health insurance, managed by three different establishments. They are the national health insurance for special medical expenditures; mandatory sickness funds meant for people having low incomes less than a specific stage and private, primarily voluntary health insurance; and finally the voluntary…. [read more]

Grid Connected Photovoltaic PV Systems Research Paper

… Grid-Connected Photovoltaic (PV) Systems

Though French physicist Edmond Becquerel discovered the photovoltaic (PV) phenomenon about 1839, the earliest practical application came in the 1950s, when crystalline silicon cells powered United States space satellites (Solar Direct) by generating electrons from sunshine. Despite the requirement for electricity storage at night, photovoltaics are becoming increasingly common, particularly as grid-connected systems (St. John). The four main parts of PV systems (silicon cells, inverters, controllers, and batteries) are becoming ever cheaper despite issues with grid integration and environmental concerns (Solar Direct). Financial incentives make PV particularly attractive (Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE)).

Gerald Pearson, a physicist, accidentally developed crystalline silicon cells in 1953 at Bell Laboratories (Perlin). Further fine-tuning came from Daryl Chapin and Calvin Fuller…. [read more]

Performance Management System Term Paper

… ¶ … Performance Management System within Sun Microsystems Limited Ensure High Organisational Performance?

Whenever we try to understand the possible responses of an organisation to the application of a management system to the organisation, one has to first study the organisation and its historic culture. In the case of Sun Microsystems the first step that we will take is the study of its top manager currently. The new head of UL operation is Trudy Norris-Grey and in the earlier assignment, was a Vice-President at Oracle UK. This is due to Leslie Stretch being promoted to handle an international role at the head office. It is well-known that UK has been one of the most successful regions for Sun Microsystems at the time when the company…. [read more]

Performance Management Process and the CEO Essay

… These long-term benefits are often compensated out over several years, again with compensation in either stock or cash (Paladino, 2013).

Modern companies are making imperative changes in their compensation practices in order better to fit the powerful, extremely aggressive business atmosphere. Firms progressively are using things such as skill-based pay, which reimburses CEOs for the number and types of skills they have instead of job performance. Similarly, a powerful shift to "at-risk" settlement, where CEO's pay is connected with efficiency is evident. Under this system, the CEO's reward does not become part of his or her basic salary. Instead, the bonus must be re-earned annually. These changes and several others are developed to help balance out settlement costs of benefits in productivity and create executives…. [read more]

Reward System Design Essay

… This is where inputs and rewards are closely studied. Employees would want to make sure that their input, if it is equal, must follow equal rewards. Adams (1965) explained that equity theory studies the ingrained mental process that allows a person to see how are efforts being rewarded and whether or not same efforts are being rewarded with similar returns. Equity theory further states that if people experience inequity, they will change their behavior in order to attain the feeling of equity or remove the tension that arises from the feeling of inequity. If they feel that their ratios are lower when compared to those of their colleagues in the same position, they will start behaving in a negative fashion to bring their ratios at…. [read more]

Pay System Plays a Crucial Term Paper

… Moreover, with the augmentation in social awareness and human rights among the employees regarding their social and work status as well as their growing needs to fight back inflation, employers are left with little option than to make efforts to adequately apply the measurement and pay for performance concepts. The changing trends in working conditions show that it is not only those employees that are working 9 to 5 who are concerned about performance appraisal and want expedient pay scale that complements their performance as well as quality of work and the valuable hours put in. But it is also the teachers now and other employees working part time that demand the application of the pay for performance. The prime example includes teacher's boycotts all…. [read more]

Mobile Computing: A Disruptive Innovation Term Paper

… The use of cyber-foraging servers running Web Services that can quickly parse the taxonomies of consumers around them and deliver advertising content of interest and value is being piloted globally today by Google, Microsoft and others. This approach to selectively providing content is also delivering performance gains in the from of additional funding for middleware research and development, as companies including IBM, Oracle and others seek to create a highly differentiated and valued user experience by analyzing ePC profiles of consumers then selectively providing content of interest all in real-time. This equates to the flexibility of users being able to determine just what specific areas of their taxonomy they are interested in receiving data and potential advertising specials on or not. This model also allows…. [read more]

Bureaucracies Can Become Self-Justifying Systems Article Critique

… This correlation suggests the value of consulting citizens when measuring the efficacy of government programs. Subjective factors that could also affect the perceptions of street cleanliness such as race, ethnicity, and class were less of a factor than objective measures of cleanliness (Van Ryzin et al. 2005: 301). The correlation between objective reports of cleanliness and citizen's from-the-ground reports has been observed anecdotally on numerous occasions, not just in the article but also in recent New York City history, when the City's failure to adequately clean snow from the ground during the blizzard of 2010.

Although the input provided by the street-cleaning program is very valuable and heartening in terms of its alignment of citizen and government measures and values, it could be questioned because…. [read more]

Enterprise Systems Development Strategy British Essay

… The continuous pressure on tobacco industry to produce non-toxic products has made BAT to integrate the sustainable supply chain across overall operation of the company. For example, the BAT has integrated the ERP to facilitate the extensive research and development (R&D) to produce low toxicant smokeless tobacco products as well modifying the production of cigarettes. As being pointed out by BAT top executive "sustainability for us is about creating shared value, which means creating economic value for shareholders while ensuring our business is run responsibly in the interests of all our stakeholders." (Annual Report, 2011 P. 6).

Eshlaghi et al. (2011) reveal that the complexity that modern business face in the dynamic and changing environment has forced organization to adopt innovative systems to make profits…. [read more]

Information Systems Multi-Chapter Personal Trainer Case Study

… Information Systems Multi-Chapter Case Study

Personal Trainer Inc., Information Systems Case Study

Business Profile, Organization chart, Susan vs Gary, Systems Discussion

The three most critical business processes for Personal Trainer are centered on their customers, and include new customer acquisition, customer service processes, and customer loyalty processes. These three processes together form the foundation of how Personal Trainer creates and keeps a customer.

Organization Chart for Personal Trainer:

Gray actually sees the system as overwhelming and indicates this with the comment of not knowing where to start. Gray also realizes that the organization needs to have much better Web access, yet also doesn't understand exactly how to put that into place as well. In general, Gray doesn't see the need for significant change over and…. [read more]

Health Information Technology System Hospital Research Paper

… User Training

Information Technology, though not a very new concept in the contemporary world is considerably technical. This means that users of the systems associated with this feature ought to have substantial knowledge on them if they desire to be successful in using them (Cummings, 2006). Putting this element into consideration, the organization embarked on a training programme for the potential users of the system following the automation. Both the staff and the clients to the facility were trained on the use of the system. The hospitals Information Communications Technology Department facilitated this training.

Lessons were provided for users in sessions and this included both theoretical and practical training. Different end users were trained in accordance to their needs and privileges on how to use…. [read more]

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