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Peace Freedom Is the Foundation Term Paper

… Borno ruled without the benefit of a legislature, which had been dissolved in 1917 under Dartiguenave, until elections were again permitted in 1930. The legislature, after several ballots, elected mulatto Stenio Vincent to the presidency.

The occupation of Haiti continued after World War I, despite the embarrassment that it caused Woodrow Wilson at the Paris peace conference in 1919, and the scrutiny of a congressional inquiry in 1922. By 1930, President Herbert Hoover had become concerned about the effects of the occupation, particularly after a December 1929 incident in Les Cayes in which marines killed at least ten Haitian peasants during a march to protest local economic conditions. Hoover appointed two commissions to study the situation. A former governor general of the Philippines, W. Cameron…. [read more]

Freedom of Association in Malaysia Essay

… Even in the Middle Eastern countries the past traditions of the dominant party control over the local labor movements is still present in countries such as Egypt, the trade and labor unions have to be related to an umbrella federation which basically functions as a ruling party and thus it has a control of the union elections (The International Bureau of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, 2003). In some countries, laws have been made by the government which makes it impossible for the unions to accept the foreign assistance.

The absence of genuine unions is also said to be a cause of many job-site death accidents such as, in China where a completely state controlled and toothless union is present, there are thousands of workers…. [read more]

Post-Conflict, Peace / Nation Building in Iraq and Afghanistan Term Paper

… Post-Conflict, Peace/Nation Building in Iraq and Afghanistan

Somehow, within a forty year span of time, the United States has found itself ensnared in multiple wars in Asia at the same time. Again, unless we can influence the postwar nation building process, powers that are inimical to United States interests (in the present Iran) will fill the vacuum upon the American withdrawal. In this short essay, this author will list two lessons learned from our wars apply it to the defacto American raj in Afghanistan and Iraq. First is not to become too closely associated with present unpopular regimes as it is doing with the present administrations in the countries in which we are "nation-building." Also, staying engaged in a never ending guerrilla war that has…. [read more]

Journalist Peace Journalist in Iraq Essay

… At the very least the latter issue would arise and a strong case could be made that the information has relevance to the candidate, which means there could well be a right for the public to know.

That being said, if one was to prepare a defamation case, the following points seem to be key to try to make a successful argument:

One: that the information contained in the story is offensive but has not been proven in any way, which means it should not be made public. The fact that a harassment claim was made but no final court determination has been made could call into question whether or not the foundation was solid. As noted, the complainant used the issue of harassment as…. [read more]

School's Right to Limit First Amendment Freedoms to Students Case Study

… Legal Analysis

Case Summary

The high school is a publicly funded school with an inherent purpose to educate students between the ages of 14 and 18. As a result of the students' developing creativity, members of the student body are permitted to form academically related clubs and organizations. These organizations are expected to comply with school rules and regulations and may not interfere with the overall learning environment.

Some months after the September 11th attacks, the God Squad entered the high school campus. The Captain, heretofore referred to as the plaintiff was the leader of the group. The God Squad's overall message contained elements of white supremacy, racism, antisemitism, anti-Islamic, anti-immigrant, anti-gay, neo-fascist dogma mixed with a good dose of anti-abortion and fundamentalist Christian diatribe.…. [read more]

Israeli Palestinian Conflict Research Paper

… Israeli & Palestinian

The Perpetual Battle between the Israeli's & Palestinians

The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict has been ongoing for half a century. More recently in the news, the Palestinians are proposing that the United Nations recognize them as a state. Israeli's Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu mentioned that if their request passed, it would not affect anything on the ground as far as the checkpoints and separation settlements. However, Israel is greatly concerned that if the Palestinians statehood bid is recognized, the probability of them joining international institutions such as the International Criminal Court could raise the threat war act charges against Israel. Furthermore, on September 23, 2011, Prime Minister Netanyahu spoke before the United Nations, stressing that negotiations are the only way possible to reach peace…. [read more]

Fichte Separate Right From Morality Term Paper

… This is through examination of the unique roles of ethics and rights in controlling and determining interactions between individuals within the society. Ethics forms part of the first principle in relation to the illustration by Fichte as he seeks to build on the ground by Kant on the systems of ethics. Rights on the other hand focus on the second principle relating to the recognition of the rights of other individuals and institutions within the society. Ethics aims at promoting relationship among individuals within the society and aspect of self-awareness as a motive for the demonstration of morality. This differentiation is essential in limitation and enhancement of the freedom of the human beings within the society (Fichte 2007). This is through formulation of the laws…. [read more]

Israeli Palestinian Conflict and the Middle East Term Paper

… International Politics

The Threat of Terrorism the Context of International Relations between the U.S. And the Middle East

The threat of terrorism in the U.S. is inextricably linked to the events in the Middle East and the perceived role of the U.S. many of those events; especially in the Israeli/Palestinian disputes. The U.S. is a major power and the country has not been afraid to use that power in international relations. It is the way that the power has been used, often for the support of Israel, to the detriment of Arabic nations.

To appreciate this one can look at the way in which the U.S. has supported Israel, this was seen with the 'friendship' formed between Kennedy and David Ben-Gurion (Bass 2). Building ion…. [read more]

Conflict With Getting Minerals Research Paper

… In short, there are so many groups fighting with one another that control of the mines continues to switch and remain in dispute frequently. Some of this will become less of an issue in the future, but for now it is still a serious concern that must not be taken lightly by the people who live near the DRC mines.

Once the materials are removed from the DRC, they go through a number of intermediaries before multinational electronics companies buy them for their own usage. Most of the materials arrive at processing plants in East Asia (Magistad, 2011). U.S. Conflict Mineral Law, which requires electronics companies to verify and disclose their sources of these minerals as being conflict free, applies to any of the minerals…. [read more]

Film Explicitly Relives the Foundation Term Paper

… The film points at the challenges the people of China experienced in their unification and subsequent formation of an empire. It reveals the genesis of key issues characteristic of authoritarian rule witnessed in China. These issues to date are a common denominator in the system of government in the People's Republic of China. Since the collapse of the Qin Dynasty in 1911, China has been under the control of doctrines and philosophies. The Communist Party of China (CCP) preceded the Qin Dynasty as the founding political party. It has ever since been the only ruling political party ruling the people through a unitary system of governance, imposing communism with the exclusion of potential challengers. It is evident that governance in China is more inclined to…. [read more]

Interventionism From the Perspective Case Study

… These studies serve as the foundation for this present analysis.

Other studies have shown that foreign military intervention can easily be conducted even if they are in violation of the United Nations charter and lack authorization of the Security Council (Cassese 1999). This shows that countries can and do act on their own in engaging in interventionism. The motives for doing so are what this study plans to investigate.

A number of Western countries support humanitarian interventionism but they have not yet intervened in Syria. The reality behind humanitarian interventionism is that there are clear political, geopolitical, and economical consequences to every foreign intervention. Intervention is not merely a humanitarian crusade but rather a highly explosive affair that can cripple countries' infrastructures and have global…. [read more]

International Relations Treaty of Westphalia the Region Research Paper

… International Relations

Treaty of Westphalia

The region in north western Germany known as Westphalia gave its name to the treaty that ended the Thirty Years War, which was one of the most harmful disagreements in European history. The sequence of wars in 1618 began when the Austrian Habsburgs attempted to force Roman Catholicism on their Protestant subjects in Bohemia. This war put Protestant's in opposition to Catholic's, the Hold Roman Empire in opposition to France, the German princes in opposition to the emperor and France in opposition to the Habsburgs of Spain (Cavendish, 1998, p.1).

The Treaty of Westphalia of 1648 conveyed a conclusion to the Thirty Years' War, which had covered Europe in blood in clashes over religious conviction, explained the values of power…. [read more]

John Locke and Two Treatises Term Paper

… However, in response to this criticism, Locke could argue that the State of Nature after mankind was introduced to money, which is one of distrust and fear, is a reaction to the State of War created by the inevitable inequality brought about by money itself. Therefore, as an extrinsic factor, money necessitated an adaptation of sorts in order for mankind to defend its peaceful natural state, which is one of equality and freedom. Locke may recognize, though, that the differences between the State of Nature and the State of War have been minimized after the introduction of money, but they still maintain their distinction and polarity. Furthermore, after the introduction of a monetary system, and thus the possibility of unequal distribution of Property, mankind is…. [read more]

Nirvana Religious Doctrine Research Paper

… The path of Bodhisattva sees the practitioner as progressing along an upward-oriented path of ten stages. The first seven stages are subject to spiritual retrogression, while the last three are irreversible. The first seven stages represent the gradual elimination of the "hindrance of defilement," while the last three are the gradual elimination of the "hindrance of the knowable. The Vajrayana is also called the mantra path and is intended to quicken the progress to enlightenment by employing the three avenues of body, speech, and mind through the use of gesture, incantation, and intense concentration.

Salvation in Buddhism is an escape from the suffering of this world and is stated as the third of the Four Noble Truths: "This is the truth of the extinction of…. [read more]

Social Impact of Cold War Essay

… Innocent civilians are often at extreme risk in the battles for gathering information or in the battles run by remote. In an interesting way, it might also be seen that this kind of distance campaign strategy is like the way some see the U.S. As contributing to the near collapse of the world economy. The U.S.'s lax financial rules and regulations pulled in other countries and set them up for many of the challenges they now face -- many of which are bringing about social and cultural unrest. It clearly would not be difficult for terrorists or even other nations to see this as an extension of the type of attitude that America picked up when it did its victory dance after the melting of…. [read more]

Servant Leadership in a Conflicted Church Thesis

Applying Servant Leadership within a Conflicted Church: The Project as an Act of Ministry

My church, the South Iowa Chapel, like many modern churches, is a church in conflict. Conflicted churches are problematic because they drive parishioners away from the church, and, possibly, away from Christ. Conflict in a church can also be a difficult situation to remedy, because of the different personality types and leadership styles of people involved in the church. However, I feel that a significant part of the problem is that people are using traditional leadership styles in church. Jesus Christ was not a traditional leader. On the contrary, He was the epitome of a servant leader, one who leads through service to others. Obviously, He did a wonderful job leading…. [read more]

Machiavelli John Calvin and Thomas Term Paper

… John Calvin, Thomas More & Niccolo Machiavelli

The Degree of Separation and Limits to Power of the Church and the State: Insights from John Calvin, Thomas More, and Niccolo Machiavelli

Religion has served an important function to human society for many civilizations and generations: it acts as a "social glue" that binds people together and unites them under one belief and set of values. While Marx also claimed that religion is a dysfunction in the society, in that it creates the illusion of the maintenance of the status quo, it cannot be denied that religion is an imperative feature of every society or culture because of its ability to create communities among people of diversity.

Moreover, people see their respective religions as "arbiters" wherein it…. [read more]

Post War Iraq: A Paradox Term Paper

… This event gave real evidence to the insignificant role played by the United Nations in the Korean War. 10

2. Self-defense (Falklands)

Self-defense is one of the most contentious spheres of the exercise of force, and many instances abound which possibly depict a predicament with finding what are the conventions, and what about enforcing them. Since it prohibits the exercise of force, the U.N deed certainly identifies two scenarios wherein the application of force is allowed. International Law has recognized years ago that each state possesses the prerogative to protect itself, if required through force. This prerogative of self-defense is established in the U.N. charter: Article 51 states that the charter in no manner damages the "inbuilt" privilege of self-protection during an organized assault. The…. [read more]

War in Afghanistan Research Paper

… War in Afghanistan

Following the unprecedented 9 / 11 terrorist attacks on American soil, an atmosphere of fear and hysteria swept through the world. U.S. reprisal came in the form of fully blown war against terrorism as they assured the world that America would use all resources at its disposal to wage war on terror. Even as the demise of Osama bin Laden marked an important milestone in the U.S.-led war on terror, it appears as though U.S. Middle East foreign policy is going to take yet another tactical turn. After scaling down operations in Iraq in the first term, the Obama administration is at least rhetorically signaling that they will remove combat troops in 2014. By just about every measure, Afghanistan is still smoldering…. [read more]

Foreign Policy of China (Beijing Thesis

… But just as China (Beijing consensus)'s economic and military power does not yet match that of the United States, China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power still has a long way to go as demonstrated by a Chicago Council on Global Affairs poll. China (Beijing consensus) does not have cultural industries like Hollywood, and its universities are not yet the equal of the United States. It lacks the many non-governmental organizations that generate much of U.S. soft power. Politically, China (Beijing consensus) suffers from corruption, inequality, and a lack of democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. While that may make the "Beijing consensus" attractive in authoritarian and semi-authoritarian developing countries, it undercuts China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power in the West. Although China (Beijing consensus)'s new…. [read more]

Phoenix Program Term Paper

… ¶ … Phoenix Program Lessons to Iraq

Scope and Significance


The Phoenix Program in Vietnam

Lessons Learned from Phoenix

Applications for Iraq

Selected Bibliography


It is not at all unusual to hear popular comparisons made between the Vietnam War and the current war in Iraq and though most experts see only a casual relationship still others see a comparison that is not only valid but is applicable to the utilization of historical Vietnam tactics and lessons learned from them to formulate reasonable resolutions to the Iraq War. In a collection of essays analyzing the similarities and differences of the Vietnam and Iraq Wars, ed. David Ryan demonstrates that the two wars are very similar in public sentiment…. [read more]

Korean War Term Paper

… While forged in regard to the destabilizing situation in Greece and Turkey, William H. Melish of the Council of American-Soviet Friendship said flatly: "We see in this measure, and especially in the solemn language with which the President proposed it, a tacit declaration of political and economic war upon the Soviet Union." (Muste, 1947) Nonetheless, Truman was able to garner political support for his doctrine in the nation, and in the United Nations. It was initiated in complete support of the U.S. government and done with full explanation to the United Nations in order to be accompanied by leadership to reinforce the United Nations.

Thus, when the actions in the Korean peninsula turned from diplomatic to military, Truman was already positioned in the world community…. [read more]

Mortal Sin Fundamental Option Essay

… " One would suppose as Jesus said to Satan when tempted in the wilderness, that the devil has no business tempting a righteous man. Therefore, a person would have no fear of mortal sin if they were indeed committed to engaging in a life free from sin. In this instance, most acts of sin would be venial at best, not mortal.


Mortal sin is a depriver of grace. Whether one considers the traditional view or fundamental option it is clear that reconciliation is necessary to enter the Kingdom of Heaven. There are flaws evident in the fundamental option as it allows a tendency toward greater sin and a reduction in responsibility of man toward his own actions. It allows a greater dependency on the…. [read more]

Monique and the Mango Rains Research Proposal

… Monique and the Mango Rains

Answer to Question ONE: What makes rare connections possible?

The fact that Kris Holloway had joined the Peace Corps and was willing to give up two years of her life to leave Ohio and travel to troubled Africa for an assignment that would be challenging speaks volumes about her as a person. Had she stayed in Ohio and hired on to a more traditional post-graduate job, she most likely never would have been in touch with a woman Like Monique. Meantime, Monique Dembele would never have met Holloway or even heard about the Peace Corps if Holloway hadn't come into the village. The question to be answered is, "What makes these kinds of relationships possible?"

The short answer is that…. [read more]

Public Diplomacy Term Paper

… ¶ … Congress of Vienna, amidst the height of the turbulent end to the Napoleonic era, Metternich was informed of the death of the Russian ambassador and exclaimed, "Ah, is that true? What can have been his motive?" (10:1067) Metternich, a diplomat by profession and persona, was not alone witnessing the gradual degeneration of public diplomacy; the overall esteem of the diplomat in modern society is one of nebulous antipathy. The diplomat is frequently accused of substandard intelligence, inadequate competency, and lagging moral qualities that were, almost certainly, hidden under the cloak of employed responsibility. Facing inevitable scrutiny and public distrust, the diplomat performs a necessary function in the greater political world.

The Wilsonian conception of foreign affairs embraced by the League of Nations and…. [read more]

Military Law and Justice Essay

… ¶ … Military Law and Military Justice?

Military justice, also known as military law is a set of procedures and laws that govern members of the armed forces. Different states have designed distinct and separate bodies of law governing their armed forces. Other states have adopted the use of special judicial in enforcing military justice (McCormack 9). Military justice has unique legal issues such as preservation of proper discipline and order, the legal nature of orders and proper conduct within members of the military force. Some states allow their system of military justice to handle civil offences, which have been committed by members of their armed forces. Military justice differs from the implementation of military authority on civilians as a form of civil authority. This…. [read more]

Multinational Force and Its Mandate for Peacekeeping Term Paper

… Multinational Force and Its Mandate for Peacekeeping

Reasons for creation of MFO

The origin of Multinational Force and Observers -- MFO is traced back to the Annex I to the Treaty of Peace captioned 'Protocol Concerning Israeli Withdrawal and Security Arrangements'. (History: Multinational Force and Observers) The geographical area demarcated under Annex I is split into four zones. The Zones A, B, and C. lie in the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt and Zone D. In Israel. C and D. Zones are coterminous with the International border. This Annex also involves the post-withdrawal levels of military personnel and equipment permitted in each Zone and in Article VI it is envisaged that both Parties would request the United Nations to entail a force and observers to coordinate…. [read more]

Victims of a Meaningless Show Term Paper

… The same applies to other phrases selected such as "we are in the midst of" and "reach out first for our freedom." These emphasize the significance of the actions of the grape workers.

Finally, the difficulty of the journey is described saying "our bodies are mortal and our journey hard." This implies that the grape workers should have a sense of pride for what they have done and what they are trying to achieve, even if they are not successful.

Overall, the speech uses language that emphasizes the significance of the events. The specific words and phrases selected are not those that would be used in normal speech, but ones that suggest a greater significance.

Question 4: What is a Reasonable Doubt?

1. What is…. [read more]

Voting to Violence, Jack Snyder Term Paper

… Thus it becomes problematic to include the Russian minority that dwells within the nation's borders in the process of Latvian nation formation. Also, the nation becomes much more inclined to enter into ethnic conflicts around its borders, because enabling members of its ethnic identity to survive in other lands is linked to the nation's democratic identity and survival.

Snyder correctly points out in his book that this problem is not only endemic to Eastern Europe and the Slavic regions but also in India, which came to its modern identity in opposition to British rule, and other post-colonial nations. He stresses that this does oppose the move towards democracy -- far from it, he believes that the world could become more peaceful were it to become…. [read more]

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