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Male and Female's Difference in a Movie Term Paper

… Male Female Differences

Films like Kill Bill raise important questions about the portrayal of female heroines and violence perpetrated by female characters. Because so few films do depict females in a powerful light, especially as a perpetrator of violent action, it can be especially fruitful to discover the differences between the male and female viewer reactions to such films as Quentin Tarantino's Kill Bill. For the purposes of this study, two males and two females were interviewed after they watched the movie. The reactions of male and female viewers proved to be remarkably similar. All four respondents perceived the violence in the movie as being "gratifying," or "exciting," and all four felt that the Bride's vengeful, bloody justice was entirely justified. Male and female respondents…. [read more]

Perceptions of Male and Female Viewers Term Paper

… Perceptions of Male and Female Viewers Regarding Women's Violence in Kill Bill, Vol. 1 by Quentin Tarantino

The purpose of this study is to determine the extent, if any, to which male and female viewers perceive the violence of women in Quentin Tarantino's motion picture, "Kill Bill Volume 1" in different ways. In addition, the extent to which the differences in the opinions between male and female viewers contributed to their gender difference will be examined.

Finally, the study will seek to determine if male and female respondents share any opinions regarding violence.

The aims of this study are three-fold:

To determine the extent to which male and female observers differ in their perceptions of violence content in this movie;

To identify those factors that…. [read more]

Female Identity in Photography Construction or Reality Research Proposal

… Female Identity in Photography: Construction or Reality

The Female Identity in Photography

representation and reality

Art as representation or re-presentation is a question that has been the focus of intense debate and controversy in art and philosophy since the beginning of the last century, and particularly since the advent of deconstruction and post- structuralism in the latter part of that century. Simplistically put, the debate revolves around the question of reality as something static and fixed or as a flexible process that is determined by one's perspective and interpretation. This is a question that is especially relevant to the art of photography. Photography is in essence a replication of reality in terms of its mechanics, but they way that the images are manipulated by the…. [read more]

Potter Harry Potter Female Characters Dissertation

… Potter

Harry Potter

female characters in Harry Potter

The role and importance of female characters in Harry Potter

There has been much debate and contention about the social influence and effects of the Harry Potter novels on children and on the youth. One of the most debated issues that have arisen from both a literary and psycho-social perspective is the question of how women are presented in the novels. Many critics take an extreme feminist view and see the novels as inculcating a stereotypical and negative view of the women in society. On the other hand there are numerous studies that contest this view and show that women in the novels are as important and dynamic as the male characters. Taking these theories as background…. [read more]

Representation of Men and Women in Advertisement Term Paper

… Stylistic Analysis of the Representation of Men and Women in the Language of Modern Advertisement

The way that modern advertising re-presents or conveys perceptions and interpretations of male and female identity has been the focus of studies in many disciples, including media studies and sociology. The analysis of media advertising provides insight into certain ideological and cultural perceptions in a society. It also shows the way that underlying cultural views of male and female or gender identity is largely constructed by the specific culture. It is therefore very useful to study the ways"... In which people, places, values and beliefs are represented in contemporary media and their impact on society"

Controlling Advertising ? ASA Schools and Colleges resources No 1).

These studies also apply to…. [read more]

Using Sex Appeal to Market Our Athletes a Case Analysis Into This Growing Issue Term Paper

… ¶ … Sex Appeal to Market our Athletes?

Women are performing very well in sports. Since women have become part in the world of "sports" and/or athletics, the capabilities of women are becoming continuously noticeable. However, the skills of the women in various sports categories are not the only thing noticeable nowadays because the kinds of clothing and the concepts of advertisements involving women are also becoming conspicuous.

Women are very good in sports, but it seems that their ability to play excellently are not the only thing that people loved watching but also the scantily uniforms being designed for them. Many would have recognized the fact that the physical attributes of the female athletes are more highlighted today than their skills.

The media is…. [read more]

Treatment of Rape Victims and Suspects Psychology Term Paper

… Treatment of Rape Victims and Suspects

Psychology and the Law

One of the lingering problems in the modern criminal justice system is how sexual assault is treated by people inside the criminal justice system. Victims of sexual assault are not treated in the same manner as victims of other crimes; instead, they have traditionally received much more blame for the crime than other crime victims. Traditionally, rape victims have been blamed for dressing too provocatively, engaging in sexually arousing behavior, or even for engaging in consensual sexual behavior with someone other than the assailant in an effort to mitigate the crime against them. Sexual assault advocates have tried to fight back against this by empowering the victim, but, in some instances those empowerment efforts are…. [read more]

History of American Warfare and the Transformation of Women Research Paper

… Many companies did so despite them understanding that they were breaking union agreements. Surprisingly, industries sacked females from certain jobs and gave the positions to men even when the process of recruiting females was less costly. If only these financial advantages were taken into account, one would anticipate the management of these companies to act in support of females, and against men when it came to postwar recruiting. Industrial supervisors chose the opposite, though, and rather than institutionalizing the wartime inclusion of females into the workforce, they resorted to the prewar practices (Weatherford, 2008).

It is common knowledge that females in the workforce gained prominence in the nineteen fifties. Many females displaced from large sectors did not return to the kitchen. They found work in…. [read more]

Art Violence and Social Engagement in Colombia Research Proposal

… ¶ … Colombia is the third-largest recipient of military aid from the United States and is at a critical juncture in its turbulent history. More than three million people have been displaced in Colombia during the past decade alone, and violent deaths and kidnappings remain alarmingly high. While violence is nothing new to the people of Colombia, their response to its sources and causes have been portrayed in the visual arts in various ways, with one of the most recent manifestations of this being portrayal such as the "The Skin of Memory," developed by the anthropologist Pilar Riano-Alcala and the artist Suzanne Lacy in collaboration with a multidisciplinary team in Colombia. Because art must also serve a social function and civic responsibility, this thesis evaluates…. [read more]

Art Abjection of the Body Term Paper

… Therefore women represented in those methods are indeed monstrous. Femininity altogether is monstrous because the conception of the female and of feminine are narrow and horrific both from the perspective of traditional masculinity, for women who occupy space on that spectrum, and especially for women such as Haraway, Kristeva, and Creed who seek disruption and liberation from these constrictions. Feminism then is an effort to abject-ify (as opposed to objectify) traditional conceptions of the body and of the gender, with particular respect to women. Feminism is the effort to make the stereotypes what are monstrous not the true and full expressions of women, of what is female, and of what is feminine. The old and traditional views of the female and the feminine abject what…. [read more]

Marketing in Healthcare Management Case Study

… Marketing in Healthcare Management

Over recent years, the healthcare industry has faced significant changes. Today, managers struggle to maintain the standard of healthcare through the effective and efficient management of resources. Yang (2010) notes "that the concept of marketing have been transformed from transaction marketing into relationship marketing" (p. 235). According to the American Marketing Association, marketing includes the processes and activities that create, communicate, deliver, and exchange valuable offers for clients, customers, partners and society in general. It is not embodied by a single technique, but instead is a broad strategy that builds relationships (cited Rooney 2009, p. 241). In an increasingly competitive industry, marketing can garner valuable market share for an organization or cost them valuable consumers.

Although marketing is not simply limited…. [read more]

Blade Runner: A Marriage Essay

… Because replicants were not human, albeit they were perfect human substitutes, it was considered acceptable in this society to enslave them because it was believed that replicants were not capable of feeling emotions.

This segregation between man and machine ultimately leads to a schism within society with the conflict subsequently leading to rebellion. One of the main reasons that the replicants rebel against humans is because they have been oppressed; not only are they slaves, but they are also not allowed to cohabitate with humans on Earth with their mere presence on the planet being considered illegal. However, had the replicants not rebelled, there would have been no need to organize blade runner units to quell the rebellion. Oddly enough, the line between man and…. [read more]

Glory Road Movie Term Paper

… Glory Road Movie

The story of Don Haskins, the long time and Hall of Fame college
basketball coach from Texas Western/UTEP had been largely uncelebrated
until the 2006 release of Glory Road. Directed by James Gartner and
staring Josh Lucas as Coach Haskins, the movie depicts his 1966 National
Championship run as the barrier breaking coach who was the first to start
all black players and win the National Championship. Defeating perennial
power and all white Kentucky, Haskins helped break down the racial barrier
in sports, particularly in the South, and thus by not only playing black
players, but winning with them, the story told in Glory Road is truly an
important event in not only American sports history, but also a story which
sheds…. [read more]

Sociology and Feminist Theories Term Paper

… Of particular interest to the casual observer are the differences in relational dynamics and social interaction and perception between African-Americans and white Americans. African-American societies are by far one of the most dominant societies in the U.S., and have also been subject to different stereotypes and stigmas that have been existing for many years.

In fact, racial and gender differences are the most common forms of stratification that society tends to look in an individual. In the case of the American experience, African-American males are perceived differently by society as compared to white American males and females, as well as African-American females. In Myra and David Sadker's article entitled, "The Miseducation of Boys: Changing the Script," the authors discuss the significance of race and gender…. [read more]

Mass Media and Ontological Security Essay

… The participants viewed 23 TV teasers that had been gleaned from local news programs in New York City. The participants were only told that they were evaluating the teasers, since news teasers play an important role in drawing viewers for the nightly news.

The participants all had English as a first language; they ranged in age from 18 to 47; 8 were male and 28 were female; on average participants reported that they watch "some form on TV news" about 4 days per week. A carefully prepared strategy was employed: after viewing the 4-minute videotape (containing 10 teasers) the participants were asked to "…imagine being a news editor 'responsible for deciding what teasers will be aired to get people to watch tonight's evening news broadcast'"…. [read more]

Media Influence on Eating Disorders and Why Thinness Is so Sought Term Paper

… Media and Eating Disorders

Media, both electronic and print, tends to clouds one's judgment of reality. This is what cultivation theorists maintained, propagated and argued for. Even though theorists such as George Gerbner, did not include print media when he expounded his cultivation theory, we cannot deny that in today's world, print media has just as profound an impact on our perceptions as electronic media. Both print and electronic media have been criticized 'for depicting thin woman as ideal' (Holmstrom, 2004) and it is widely believed that these unreal images of women feed a female's insecurities about herself and usually have a damaging impact. In this paper, we study how media contributes to the culture of thinness and the role it plays in mounting cases…. [read more]

Stereotyping of Women of Color Term Paper

… This has been changing recently however, as networks, consumers and advertisers are beginning to take note that minority women are capable of many things and should be properly portrayed.

While little has been studied about minority women in advertisements on television, minority women and women on prime time has been studied. The studies are solid indicators about how commercials have portrayed minority women as well.

McNeil (1975) analyzed a prime time TV sample from 1973. He found that women comprised 32% of all characters and that 44% of the women depicted were working. It is not clear that this finding supports Tedesco's report (1974) that 66% of women were unemployed, as McNeil did not use the term "unemployed." McNeil also found that only 21% of…. [read more]

Class Status and Power Thesis

… ¶ … Status, and Power

Mass media is one of the most powerful forces shaping public consciousness. In the United States, people spend approximately 30 hours per week watching television (Mantsios 99), and a considerable amount of their time going to the movies, reading newspapers, or listening to the radio. There is a wide consensus on the influence that media exerts on society. To a great extent, this consensus dates back to the interwar period, when many researchers, irrespective of political ideology, subscribed that the media exercised a powerful influence. In fact, it was during this period that the new technology of the rotary press was developed; this led to an unprecedented increase in mass audiences. Also, urbanization and industrialization had generated a society that…. [read more]

Gender Roles Term Paper

… Gender roles, which is to say the way that society expects men and women to act based upon what society and long standing tradition says is appropriate for men and women to act, have been open to interpretation in recent generations due to both a better understanding that gender roles are one, but not the only standard of behavior and that each person is unique and as such may behave in a unique way in terms of what their gender expression might be. In this paper, various dimensions of the terms and expectations of gender definition will be explored in an effort to better understand the topic itself.

Socially Defined Terms-Masculinity and Femininity

Reflecting back once again on what society defines as the appropriate expression…. [read more]

Answering questions and comparing homoerotic love Essay

… As is outlined by Plato, 'Those who are inspired by this love turn to the male, and delight in him who is the more valiant and intelligent nature; and anyone may recognize the pure enthusiasts in the very character of their attachments.' For they love not boys, but intelligent beings whose reason is beginning to be developed, much about the time at which their beards begin to grow' (Symposium 15).
The readings from Symposium and The Republic make it possible to perceive the differing roles of men and women in Ancient Greece and the meaning of love. On one hand, gender role for men in Ancient Greece is that of dominance. As outlined in the speeches in Plato's Synmposium, the men show a great deal…. [read more]

Social Contracts: Media Articulation Annotated Bibliography

… 174). Moreover, shifts in the popular perception of same-sex marriages will likely be reflected in the content of mainstream media coverage. For instance, Holz-Ivory et al. add that, "When these groups finally do attain visibility, their representation will reflect the biases and interests of those elites who define the public agenda" (2008, p. 174). Just as the gay and lesbian community has used high-profile events such as parades to heighten community awareness, there is a growing recognition among proponents of same-sex marriage that the mainstream media is a key strategic device to gaining support from the "straight" American public. For instance, according to Landau, "Countless communication scholars argue that visibility in mass media is an important goal of the gay and lesbian movement because some…. [read more]

Propaganda Whitney, C. and Wartella Article Review

… The main thing that Morel emphasizes on is the using the blacks in their troops to fulfill their war. Africans had no option but to follow their masters. His last impact was in Scotland, where the committee on social problems of the united Church of Scotland investigated the charges made against the French troops, and concluded they were true. The church cited Morels writing as proof of their accusations.

Malamuth, M.N. (2001). Pornography. Elsevier Science Ltd.

Pornography refers to all sexually explicit media whose main intent is to arouse the audience sexually. Obscenity means any pornographic material considered illegal by the legal system. Due to advancement in new types of media, for instance the internet, feasibility of governments to restrict pornographic content is very low.…. [read more]

Deceptive Marketing Practices Thesis

… Marketing - Deceptive Practices

DECEPTIVE MARKETING PRACTICES and ETHICAL ISSUES Background and History of the Issue: The history of advertising regulations goes back only to the early 20th century because prior to that, little regulation existed even with respect to the actual products marketed for sale, let alone the truthfulness of marketing statements about those products.

Before World War I, Coca Cola actually contained small quantities of the drug cocaine, as did myriad so called "elixirs" and "tonics" promising to cure disease (Friedman 2005).

Regulation of products evolved slowly and standards defining deception in advertising permitted numerous advertising campaigns and messages that are shocking in light of contemporary ethical standards and legal obligations. Subliminal messaging (which was never actually proven to work as intended) was…. [read more]

Fine Arts and the K-12 Curriculum Essay

… Fine Arts & the K-12 Curriculum

Including the fine arts in a K-12 curriculum has become a controversial issue in educational institutions and local school settings. Some educators and administrators view the arts as a "frivolous" appendage to the overall school program. Others believe it is an integral part of developing well; rounded individuals and contend that the arts support academic achievement. Since the arts are not included in high stakes testing and are not a part of the No Child Left Behind legislation, communities in support of fine arts programs are finding it difficult to justify the resources and time allocated for music, art and drama when offered. In higher education, over the years, your institution's fine arts department has built an extensive community…. [read more]

Ethical and Societal Issues in Marketing Term Paper

… Ethical and Societal Issues of Marketing

The fundamental business model of advertising is changing drastically as the Internet becomes a much more prevalent communications channel, capable of being specifically targeted to audiences of consumers while also providing the ability to measure the performance of all forms of digital advertising online. This has significantly increased the ability to measure the effectiveness of advertising that includes mention of sex, violent acts, and the use of drugs including cigarettes and alcohol. Traditional advertising on the one hand does not offer these levels of advertising effectiveness measurement, so seeing if sex, violence and the positioning of drugs of all kinds including tobacco and alcohol is left to conjecture and speculation. In light of the fundamental shift in how advertisers…. [read more]

Cyber Feminism, Gender and Technology Research Paper

… From their perspective, technology such as the internet can be used as a medium to promote feminist philosophy and principles in order to liberate women from subjugation they experience at the hands of males. Sadie Plant wrote Zeroes+Ones in the year 1997 and asserted that cyberfeminism is a philosophy used to describe the seditious bond between females and technology[footnoteRef:18]. Furthermore she asserts that women have always been kept in shadows in the male dominated culture and society and "have been the ones who did the groundbreaking work: from the very first computer program to the latest incarnation of virtual reality"[footnoteRef:19]. Furthermore, Plant concentrates on translating computer codes and asserts that one represents male dominance and authority and zero represents the subjugation of females. Furthermore, she…. [read more]

Madonna's Sexuality Thesis

… Madonna's Sexuality


Madonna's sexuality

The subject of Madonna's sexuality is considered in the context and against the background of her development as a musical and video star and modern cultural icon. The paper explores the meaning and the significance of the use of sexuality in her art and focuses on two important and often contradictory issues. The first is that the use of sexuality in her music, videos and book publications as essentially a marketing and strategic device intended primarily to shock and, furthermore, to manipulate the perceptions of the viewer or audience. This view would suggest that Madonna uses sexuality rather callously as a manipulative technique to draw attention to herself and her music.

The other view considered in the paper through the…. [read more]

Rise of Homosexuality in Media Thesis

… ¶ … Rise of Homosexuality in Media and Its Social Effects

Gay and Lesbian Studies

This paper will look at the rise of homosexual portrayals in televised media, and whether or not the increase has helped inspire a greater social awareness and acceptance of homosexuality in America; one factor being that the stigma once associated with homosexuality has significantly lessened (Calzo, 2009). However, this paper will also look at how some research is biased towards heteronormativity (Lev, 2010) spurring media representations and viewer attitudes to maintain the sense that homosexuality is an aberrant behavior (Fisher, 2007). Included in these discussions will be the question of whether media portrayals are representative of homosexual culture or rather only homosexual stereotypes that serve to protract the heteronormativity bias…. [read more]

Ho Women Are Portrayed in Late 19th Century Art Term Paper

… ¶ … Women are Portrayed in Late 19th Century Art

Throughout history, women have served as the subjects of compelling and poignant works of art, reflecting in large part how society viewed them and what roles they were expected to play. These gender differences were especially pronounced during the 19th century when women were women and men were men, and these differences can be readily discerned in the portraiture that emerged during this period. This paper provides an analysis of how women were portrayed in late 19th century art in general and in the paintings of women by John Singer Sargent and James Abbott McNeal Whistler in particular. An examination of how women are portrayed in paintings in general before the 19th century is provided,…. [read more]

Art and Society Term Paper

… Art and Society

An Analysis and Discussion of Gender Construction in the Toilet of Venus (1647-51) by Diego Velasquez

While women in the United States and the United Kingdom have enjoyed the right to vote for several decades now, things were very different at the turn of the 20th century when the suffragettes emerged to challenge the male-dominated status quo of Western society. One of the events that highlighted this period in history was Mary Richardson's attack on Velasquez's "The Rokeby Venus," an event which has since assumed its place in the historical record as one of the most important such events in women's struggle for equal rights. This paper provides an overview, an analysis of Velasquez's "The Rokeby Venus," including a description of the…. [read more]

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