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Gender and Society Sexism Term Paper

… Additionally, men's sports are traditionally considered in a "more superior manner" (Armstrong & Hallmark, 1999).

Tuggle (1996, 1997) reports that ESPN's "SportCenter" and even CNN devote much less than "five percent of their coverage to women's sports" (Armstrong & Hallmark, 1999). Of the coverage that women are offered, team sports are often ignored in favor of individual events such as golf and tennis (Armstrong & Hallmark, 1999). Women's sports are often portrayed in the media as "less important than men's athletic competition" (Tuggle, 1997:19). This only emphasizes the idea that male sports are more supreme and competitive in nature. The lack of coverage of women competitors also suggests that women's sports are less important and less aggressive than male competition.

A study of NCAA Division…. [read more]

Media Violence and Social Deviance Term Paper

… Media Violence/Social Deviance

Media Violence and Social Deviance

For decades, there has been concern over media violence and its influence or potential influence on public behavior, and while there have been countless studies and volumes of research devoted to this topic, the issue appears still open for debate.

Ever since television began becoming popular in the 1950's, the pubic has been complaining that there is too much violence in television programming, and has continually put pressure on Congress and the television industry to reduce the amount of violence (Potter). During the past fifty years, social scientists have been conducting analyses of the violent content on television in an effort to document the amount of violence in order to inform the public however there is a…. [read more]

Adolescent Sexuality Thesis

… Adolescent Sexuality

Adolescence is a time of change, physically, emotionally and mentally for young people. They are making a transition from their role of child, to their role of young adolescence when they will be empowered with more freedom and decision making in their lives. The stages of adolescence can be viewed in three stages: early adolescence, between the ages of 8 and 13 for girls; 11 to 15 for boys. The second stage, middle adolescence, occurs between the ages of 13 to 16 for girls; 14 to 17 for boys; and the third stage, late adolescence, between the ages of 16 and up for girls, and 17 and up for boys (Brown, Jane D., Steele, Jeanne R., and Walsh-Childers, Kim, 2002, p. 2). These…. [read more]

Education: The Intolerance of Zero Term Paper

… For the girls, poor academic performance proved to be the most significant warning sign for later delinquent behavior. However, in the case of the boys, it was peer rejection that proved most important.

Of the 26 male adolescents who displayed high levels of antisocial adolescent behavior, 38% were rejected by their peers in elementary school....Likewise, of the 24 male children identified as being rejected by their peers in elementary school, 40% went on to display high levels of adolescent delinquent behavior. (Lewin, Davis, and Hops, 1999, 18) strong adverse reaction to peer rejection was taken as a sign of the subject's having a very high sensitivity level. A high sensitivity level combined with an inclination toward aggressive behavior is the most common cause of physically…. [read more]

Gender Roles in TV Shows Term Paper

… Gender Roles TV

Gender Roles and Television Shows: The Inequality Continues

Now more than ever the public holds dear the perception that women are gaining equal status on television, in the workplace, and in society. Susan Douglas asserts that while on the surface many television shows suggest women are empowered, there are still many areas where women are taking "a backseat to the boys" (Douglas 272). This paper addresses women's status on television compared with their actual status in society, using a comprehensive review of research acquired through peer related journals.

The author argues that while women are gaining some recognition as powerful figures on television, their status is limited to certain genres of television, especially comedic performance. Further, the author asserts that in society,…. [read more]

American Psycho the Movie Term Paper

… (Apollo Review)

Although from the murder scenes of the movie, one gets the impression that the movie is solely based on violence but the actual dramatizing of killing occurs off the screen i.e. It is defined only at the narrative level. In these murder scenes the pictorial representation is limited only to the extent that Patrick's face is being shown splattered with blood. His image portrayed during the murder scene, as an individual whose face is polluted with red color and hairs scattered, gives an impression of savageness. Some other murder scenes that are worth discussing and that help to identify the genre of the movie are that of prostitute Christi's murder and the murder of an old woman. These scenes investigate and ripen the…. [read more]

Narrative Criticism to Kill a Mockingbird Movie Transcript Essay

… ¶ … Kill a Mockingbird

The 1962 film to Kill a Mockingbird offers an ideal artifact for narrative and rhetorical criticism, because so much of the film's meaning is found in the dialogue and narration. Adapted from Harper Lee's 1960 novel of the same name, to Kill a Mockingbird follows the story of Jean Louise "Scout" Finch (Mary Badham), her brother Jem (Phillip Alford), and their father Atticus (Gregory Peck), as they confront the racism and bigotry that comes to light during the trial of a black man accused of raping a white teenage girl in the 1930s. The film contains a number of interesting speeches that, when analyzed in the context of rhetorical criticism, can shed light on the unique role of rhetoric in…. [read more]

Mass Media Facilitates Acculturation of Taiwanese Adult English Learners Literature Review

… Mass Media Facilitates Acculturation of Taiwanese Adult English Learners

The central purpose of this review of the literature is to provide an overview of a sample of the most pertinent studies relating to the topic under discussion. The articles have been selected to provide cogent insight into the issue of acculturation in the context of the demographic group under discussion. While the focus in these articles is on the theme of media acculturation, care was taken to ensure that the relevance of other influencing factors in the process of acculturation were also included. Another issue that was investigated in the literature was the process of acculturation in terms of the unique perceptions among different groups and individuals. Specific types of media and their influence and…. [read more]

Transsexuals the Concept of Transsexualism Emanates Term Paper

… Transsexuals

The concept of transsexualism emanates from the dichotomy of gender and sex- sex being the physical form whereas gender the component of identity and the dilemma of the transsexual revolves around the difference between the sex and gender which lies at the heart of the issue.


transsexual is an individual in which the sex-related structures of the brain which shape the gender identity are just opposite to the body's physical sex organs. In other words, a transsexual is a mind which is physically trapped in a body of the opposite sex. A transsexual person, born to every appearance within a given physical sex, is conscious of being a gender opposite to that physical sex. This variance, between gender identity and physical sex, is…. [read more]

English Comp How Pornography Promotes Term Paper

… Morally objectionable content is not peculiar to pornography; it can also be found in non-pornographic books, films, advertisements, and so on. The question is whether morally objectionable content is necessary to pornography." (Copp et al.) So can an argument be made that pornography does not increase sexual violence against women? Most who feel that there is a direct link think this is preposterous. "The analysis of the estimates of the usage of sexual practices revealed that massively exposed (male) subjects grossly overestimated the popularity of sadomasochistic activities. Moreover, massively exposed men were more approving and supportive of pornography than were others. Such findings can be taken as suggesting that, along with all other elements of pornography, the exhibition of sexual-aggressive behaviors becomes more acceptable with…. [read more]

Mass Media Text Research Proposal

… Media Literacy, Culture, And Critical Process in the Office

Episode Description

The Fifth episode ("Mafia") of Season Six of the NBC prime-time comedy hit the Office originally aired on Thursday, October 15, 2009. Its principle plot line is Michael's Scott's perception that an insurance salesman (played by Michael Starr, a character actor who has previously portrayed a prototypical Italian-American tough guy persona in mob movies) is shaking him down for protection money.

Starr plays Angelo Grotti, who claims to be an insurance salesman but evokes immediate fears on the part of the hapless duo Dwight Schrute and Andrew Bernard of being a mob shakedown artists selling commercial insurance as part of a thinly veiled protection racket. The episode also contains a subplot arising from the…. [read more]

Adolescent's Awareness and Their Lack of Implementing Term Paper



The report entitled: "Children and Interactive Media: Research Compendium Update" relates: Since the 2000 report, both large- and small-scale studies have been published on children's in-home use of interactive media." (Wartella, Lee and Caplovitz, 2002) it is noted that when compared to the 1997-1998 Census statistics, recent studies "indicate greater media saturation in the home. The most recent national survey, involving 1,235 parents of 2 to 17-year-olds and 416 eight to sixteen-year-old was conducted by the Annenberg Public Policy Center. According to the 'Media in the Home 2000' survey, American…. [read more]

Canadian Feminism Expression, Action, Rebellion Research Proposal

… Others argue that Canadian feminist media is effective and there is a lot more evidence of it now than in previous decades. The research would seek questions to this answers, further elucidated the validity of the sides of the debate regarding the presence, efficacy, and use of Canadian feminist media regarding representation and expression of political intentions.

Tuer's methodology of analysis and research of video, and in the 21st century we expand this concept to apply to visual media in general, proves that tapping into media to communicate politics is effectively tapping into a sort of group consciousness and/or unconsciousness. She states

…video not only functions as a register of consciousness, but of conscencia, a term first used by Brazilian literacy theorist Paulo Friere to…. [read more]

Terminology Used in Film and Television Production Research Proposal

… FILM & TV Terminology


Film is more than the twentieth-century art.

Don Delillo (b. 1926).

Visual storytelling, whether in film or in television (TV), some argue, constitutes the hardest of all the art forms. "In the making of a movie, between the idea and the finished print so much can go wrong and often does."

Knowing the right techniques, however, as well as, the correct terminology, the researcher asserts, enhances the opportunities for a filmmaker or TV producer to more effectively produce a film/TV program. Consequently, this thesis purports:

As the terminology used in film and television production illustrates the specific lingo professionals utilize in the business, the use of this terminology may contribute to the success of the…. [read more]

Count Dracula and Hanibal Lector Thesis

… His physical strength was that of twenty men, and being immortal, he had become immune to conservative methods of attack. The only way to have the Count killed was by means of cutting his head off and then impaling his heart with a cross that was wooden. He really required no other type of sustenance but blood that was fresh, which had a revitalizing result on him. To recuperate his strengths he also requisite Transylvanian soil that was somewhere around him or close nearby.

Count Dracula had a way of defying gravity, being able to climb upside down surfaces that were vertical. He had power that was really hypnotic and clairvoyant capabilities; he could give a command to nighttime animals for instance wolves and rats.…. [read more]

Counseling Addiction Essay

… ¶ … Addiction

Requiem for a Dream: A Case Study

Darren Aronofsky's second film, Requiem for a Dream, repeats in many ways the frenzied, tragic trajectory of Pi. Where Pi's Max Cohen followed his mathematical obsession into insanity and self-destruction, Requiem now shows us the decline and fall of four individuals, Sara (Ellen Burstyn), Harry (Jared Leto), Marion (Jennifer Connelly), and Tyrone (Marlon Wayans). Sara gets hooked on diet pills, and her son, Harry, his girlfriend, Marion, and his buddy Tyrone are all junkies. Whereas the end of Pi leaves Max Cohen outside, smiling, looking up at the trees, the protagonists of Requiem all collapse in a gory heap: Tyrone ends up in prison; Harry is stuck in a hospital, his arm amputated; Marion maintains…. [read more]

Power of Media Essay

… This is extremely important because this issue is sort of slow poisoning the society in a very sugar coated way. No human being is entitled to be better than the other one on the basis of the skin color. The true values of human lives need to be restored in the society, rather than the superficial things such as skin color.

Media and Negative Effects on Young Girls

Girls have always been more conscious about their appearance, the way they look, their figure, and particularly when it comes to young adults and teenage girls. As compared to their male counterparts, the constant objective of their life is to look good, and look good always. They are not to be blamed, since they are the epitome…. [read more]

Entertainment Industry Concept Aging, Gender Essay

… Some films are famous for their depiction of a psychopath, exemplifying them as cold, calculating monsters, but in reality, this is only a small confine of psychopathy (Hesse, 2009). Psychopaths account for an unappreciable amount of the world population, yet their existence in film suggests otherwise -- a nod to the power of stereotypes. Film and television also depict those experiencing depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and other mental illnesses (Niemiec, 2010). Some of which are infused into character personality, further enforcing stigmas and common understandings.


Film and television, two arms of the entertainment industry capable of reaching large audiences, project numerous human traits and behaviors through the characters inhabiting the screen. Concepts of age, gender, and personality are portrayed by every program, by…. [read more]

Music Videos Promotional Devices Term Paper

… Even though studies into these types of issues do not look at whether a music video is promotional and persuasive they do look at the perceptions of the viewers of the videos and how they comprehend what the artist in the video is trying to get across. Individuals who have participated in these types of studies and been asked open-ended questions about a particular video and the message that it portrayed have been noted by researchers to have differences related to gender, race, and whether someone was a fan of the particular artist whose video he or she watched. Some of this information has also related sexual activity and violence to the viewing of various music videos. This shows that there is definitely a correlation…. [read more]

Parental Involvement in Urban School Settings Dissertation

… Parental Involvement in Urban School Settings

Context of the Problem

This designed research project is to examine the effects of why there is a lack of Parental Involvement in urban schools is low. Not many parents particularly minorities are able to work together with the school activities due to lack of immovability. Most parents of the minority ethnic groups can not afford to take off work to become involved with school activities. Most of the students that go to urban schools are dominantly minorities which make the percentage for Parental Involvement in urban schools tremendously low. Most of the students come from a single parent home. The concept of Parental Involvement is to allow parents to become involved with the teachers and the school. In…. [read more]

Advertising Creative Principles Essay

… Management Information Systems

Creative Principles

Advertising: Creative Principles

Advertising is the art of selling. It is not only colors, graphics and visuals that are increasingly becoming the central focus of advertisements today. The gender differences are used in advertisement since decades. Everyday thousands of advertisements are run on different channels and printed on magazines. There are hidden yet noticeable messages of gender discrimination in these ads. The paper analyses how gender is usd in ads, what does it depict and what is application of Goffman's Sex and Gender codes today.


Advertising is communication of a marketing message used to convince audience to take action. These actions may include purchasing a product, availing a service, avoiding use of hazardous material, taking safety measures while doing…. [read more]

Character in Cinema Thesis

… Character in Cinema

While many elements go into making a good movie, characterization may be the most important of those elements. Characterization is the way that the personality of a character is revealed in a movie, and involves many different ways of revealing the personality of the character being portrayed in the film. Characterization can be direct or indirect. Direct characterization occurs when someone in a film, usually an omniscient narrator, describes one of the characters in the play. While this direct characterization is not always reliable, it does provide direct evidence of a person's character. Indirect characterization is not always as easy to interpret as direct characterization. Indirect characterization involves a combination of different elements than contribute to the overall perception of the character.…. [read more]

Informing Adults on Secured Online Environments for Children Term Paper

… ¶ … Adults on Secured Online Environments for Children

Conceptual Framework


Title Searches, Articles, Research Documents, Journals and Websites..

Historical Overview of Individual Technology Usage

Changing Roles of the Instructor, Parent, and Student

Inserted after completion of final study]

Throughout history, children have always been at risk of exploitation by adults, varying only in degrees. An unfortunate but natural concomitant of the increase in use of online resources by children has been a corresponding increase in the targeting of these young people by commercial enterprises that exploit their innocence and lack of guile by soliciting personal information that is then used for target marketing purposes. More alarming, though, has been the use of online forums such as to lure young people into online…. [read more]

Vicarious Learning Term Paper

… ¶ … vicarious learning amongst children within the age groups of 6-16, and see how they tend to pick up little habits or clues from children who are smarter in class and then apply it in their own study curriculum. These pupils will be divided into three groups pertaining to their age: group one will include pupils ranging from ages 6-9, group two will include pupils ranging from ages 10-12, and the last group will include pupils with ages ranging 13-16. One of the groups will be observed with prior experience of vicarious learning, namely the last group, while one will only be introduced to it for this particular research, namely the first group within the age group 6-9.

Vicarious learning can be divided into…. [read more]

Applying Leadership Theory Literature Review

… He also questions the stated influence of leadership as depicted by many authors. He identifies marketing, strategic planning, product development and investment as other important variables contributing in determining the level of organizational performance. To support his argument, he further stated that by over estimating the influence of leadership upon organizational performance, the effect of personnel skills, hard work and motivational would be more under estimated. He highlighted this point as much considerable one as it has been ignored in the literature of leadership behavior. He suggested that relationship should properly be studied and measured with all related factors, which include both internal (leadership) and external market forces (ibid). Mott (1972) conducted empirical examination of various variables affecting organizational performance. He concluded that two most…. [read more]

How Different Colors Effect People's Mood Term Paper

… Color Research

The importance of color is undeniable. It is an essential part of daily life and it is prevalent in everything individuals perceive. Even at night, many people dream in color. Many studies have recognized that colors have also a strong impact on emotions and feelings (Ballast, 2002). Numerous studies conducted by those in the field of psychiatry have concluded specific facts about human color likes and dislikes. Clearly there is a close link between colors and emotions. When using the Rorschach test, for example, it is found that an emotionally responsive person will react quite freely to color overall. An individual who is emotionally inhibited may be shocked or embarrassed by a color intrusion. Such color correlations begin very early. Researchers have examined…. [read more]

Standards of Cultural Competent Care Essay

… There are several reasons why physicians should play a role in this procedure. There is a requirement to accentuate and develop the leadership capabilities of physicians so that they can provide their very best and a part of this can be made possible by letting them play a role in deciding the future strategies of a healthcare organization. Furthermore, when a healthcare entity is going through the mode of triggering a decrement in cost and increment in growth, physicians, like all parties, should have a say in what may end up affecting them to a considerable degree (McLaughlin & Kaluzny, 2006, p. 203).

They are centrally based and their opinion can prove itself to be intrinsically valuable. Physicians are also aware of the requirements of…. [read more]

Yacoubian Building Often a Writer Essay

… Much of the Middle East still functions under the belief that being female was equivalent to being inferior. Al-Aswany references the Egyptian perspective of female early on in the novel. He writes, "The men pay little attention to the women's quarrels, viewing them as just one more indication of that defectiveness of mind of which the Prophet -- God bless him and grant him peace -- spoke" (14). This line showcases the perception of most religious Egyptians wherein the superiority of men is approved of by religious doctrine. This is the basis for much of the hypocrisy in any society: the relegation and marginalization of a given group based upon religious dogma.

The fascinating thing about modifying media and interpreting media is that it is…. [read more]

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