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Perceptual Grouping by Color the Study Essay

… Perceptual Grouping by Color

The study in question focused on a number of unique variables. In their experiments, Schulz & Sanocki (2003) used "grouping by chromatic color similarity because of accumulating evidence on the locus of chromatic color processing" (26). From this perspective, the independent and dependent variables can be evaluated. There were a number of independent variables. These included the exposure time of the external visual stimuli, the color schemes of the stimuli, and the level of transparency behind the center grouping of stimuli. The primary dependent variable was the exact time at which perceptual grouping occurred within the participants. Based on the nature of the independent variables, this dependent variable would be influenced to be either preconstancy or postconstancy.

Question 2

To judge…. [read more]

Perceptual Grouping Psychology Review Name the Independent Essay

… Perceptual Grouping Psychology Review

Name the independent and dependent variables used in the first experiment; include the levels of each variable.

The independent variable used by Schulz and Sanocki in Experiment 1 was the varied exposure time to a particular stimulus duration applied to the four groups of participants, comprised of levels represented by six experimental stimulus arrays, and two control stimuli. The dependent variable was the participant's process of perceptual grouping by similarity of chromatic color at early and late stages of visual processing, as measured by the two levels of the retinal spectrum (before chromatic color constancy), and reflectance spectrum (after chromatic color constancy).

Are there any methodological flaws or limitations in the experimental design? Explain.

Although the parameters of Experiment 1 were…. [read more]

Evolution of Color Vision in Vertebrates Term Paper

… Color Vision

Evolution of Color Vision in Vertebrates

Color Vision is one of the most striking and somewhat mysterious developments in the evolutionary progress of vertebrates. While most of us take it for granted and probably view it as a rather straight forward developmental step in evolution, it is anything but a liner step-by-step progression. The development of the eye itself does seem to have been a basic progressive evolutionary move forward. Probably starting out as a light sensitive pigment spot on smaller organisms and then proceeded to become differentiated into more light sensitive cells which gradually coated the inside of a slowly forming eyeball to finally become what we now know as the retina. The early retina was probably at first sensitive to movement…. [read more]

Sensory Systems Involved in Visual Processing Term Paper

… Sensory Systems

Systems involved in visual processing are constantly being bombarded with various stimuli. In order to function effectively, these systems must selectively attend to information that is pertinent to the task at hand. Several biological and cognitive functions are employed or implemented for the execution of any visual task. Moreover, the visual system does not passively absorb all external stimuli, but instead introduces systematic bias in order to attach meaning to stimuli, or process raw visual data into usable information (Rosenzweig et al., (2004). Several factors influence the process of visual information, including visual masking (Macknik, 2006), spatial location and color of stimuli (Grabbe & Pratt, 2004), the manner in which stimuli are grouped (Min-Shik & Cave, 1999), as well as expectation of the…. [read more]

Independent and Dependent Variables Essay

… ¶ … independent and dependent variables used in the first experiment; include the levels of each variable. (maximum 2 sentences,

The independent variable used by Snowden in his experiment Visual Attention to Color is the arrangement of color cue stimuli presented as dynamic random noise patches centered along either side of a fixation cross. The dependent variable is the participant's varying processes of attentional guidance based on cues containing only color information, manifested by the exogenous control of visual attention, as measured by their reaction times during mouse click responses to color cue stimuli.

Are there any methodological flaws or limitations in the experimental design? Explain.

While Snowden and his research team undoubtedly dedicated much of their focus to designing a thorough and rigorous experiment,…. [read more]

Relationship of Internship to Course Term Paper

… Relationship of Internship to Course Material

As discussed above, the Chamber of Commerce Franco-Arab acts a meeting platform for the French and Arab traders. The main aim of this organization is to promote trade association and relationship between French and Arab traders in a number of business sectors including service industries, manufacturing industries and agriculture.

This chamber holds business conferences, seminars and workshops that are headed by key speakers. In addition to that, it also develops policy papers and analyzes business environment in various areas. Apart from that, the chamber also performs a number of activities that are related to various areas of business in Arab and France.

I joined the Chamber of Commerce Franco-Arab as an intern in the Communication and Research department. I…. [read more]

Music Education or Cross Platform Development Term Paper

… Music Education or Cross Platform Development

Pitch is commonly mistaken for being a term which is analogous to frequency; however, pitch is actually based on perception. Pitch is the human perception of the frequency of a musical note. (Heresiarch 2005) While pitch is related to the frequency, or physical rate of vibration in a sound wave, it is distinctly different.

The current standardized relationship between pitch and frequency is that the note a above middle C. sounds like a 440 Hz tone. In a musical context, the exact frequency of a note is far less important than its relationship to other notes. Numerous systems exist for defining the relationship between notes in a scale, usually involving a fixed frequency ratio between successive notes. The chromatic…. [read more]

Leadership Skills Impact International Education Term Paper

… However, many people do not understand what leadership is and how it applies to the school environment. In their 1997 study of visionary companies, James Collins and Jerry Porras define leaders as people who "displayed high levels of persistence, overcame significant obstacles, attracted dedicated people, influenced groups of people toward the achievement of goals, and played key roles in guiding their companies through crucial episodes in their history."

This definition is very much in line with the definitions currently used for school leaders, although this definition has changed in recent years (Education Week, 2004). Until recent years, most research assumed that leadership did not have to come from the school principal (Riordan, 2003). The realization that improving instruction requires shifts in the behavior of school…. [read more]

Perceived Effect of Culture on Event Leadership Research Proposal

… ¶ … perceived effect of culture on event leadership style at the Jet Metropolitan Night Club Thailand?

Event managers all over the world fear that they may end up loosing their jobs. Research shows that nearly 25% managers loose their jobs when companies streamline their business processes and rely more on teamwork to do the job. Versteeg (1990) outlined two typical aspects of managerial jobs that lure managers into looking away from adopting business structures which depend on high performing teams from different cultural and social backgrounds: they are accustomed to be in control; and they are inclined to having perks and privileges. Some of the most common perks and privileges include: reserved parking; executive bathrooms; and time cards.

These along with other perks that…. [read more]

Classroom Behavior Management Policies Research Paper

… Classroom Behavior Management Policies

Title suggestions:

Bridging the Gap Between Systems Theory and Elementary Classroom Management

An Evolution: Systems Theory and Classroom Management


Systems Theory by the Three B's

Robert Freed Bales


Living systems theory

Social entropy theory

Entropy management in organizations


Ludwig von Bertalanffy

The concept of the whole

GST and integrative studies

Science and society

The importance of the individual

A Comparison of the Three B's




Theoretical similarities


Annotated Bibliography

Classroom management definition and challenges

Strategies and methods

Techniques and training

Self-efficacy and beliefs

Culturally responsive classrooms

Evidence-based strategies

Theory -- and model-based strategies

Comparison to Bertalaffny

Top recommended classroom management strategy





Sociology and the study of social systems has taken many…. [read more]

Art History Essay

… A well-defined list of artist competencies would soon develop and evolve based on expanding knowledge of geometry and linear composition. More esoteric seeming concepts like harmony could be nearly quantified using geometric principles. DaVinci's studies are among a great canon of Italian work testifying to the increased value placed upon realism, precision, and also geometry in art. Content had psychological, social, and political merit, too. As patrons and clients of art became increasingly secular, religious motifs nearly divorced themselves from the heaviness that they had possessed during the Byzantine era.

2. During the Renaissance, a relationship between economic and cultural value developed. Value had been once tied to rather mundane factors including the price of pigments. For instance, the use of ultramarine and of course,…. [read more]

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