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Performance Evaluation of How Hedge Funds Research Proposal

… ¶ … Performance Evaluation of How Hedge Funds Can Be Used to Augment the Overall Efficiency in German Pension Funds

Much attention has been given to hedge funds over the last few years, but the industry itself remains to a large degree, opaque. A lack of clarity and understanding of how these funds work, what they do, and how they can be used in conjunction with other kinds of funds is at the forefront of the knowledge and beliefs of most people when it comes to these funds.

High and unseen risks are involved when investing in these vehicles. However, the returns generated have attracted the attention of a growing number of institutional investors, including those who work with pension funds. Past studies have suggested…. [read more]


Risk Management in Hedge Funds Dissertation

… To become shrewd to reach total reappearance of the location instructions of hedge funds which are less controlled than those of mutual funds. Ever since hedge funds are less controlled likened to mutual funds, this stresses that the hedge fund directors own superior info that about the marketplace and the obtainable advantage lessons than the even fund directors (Cottier, 2000). Because of the assignments instructions being freer, the hedge funds will be more reliant on a liquid market, where both buyers and sellars that are ready to purchase and sell at fair market value (Ineichen,2003).

Figure 2: Kinds of investment vehicles are investors looking at.

The hedge fund business began to rise in sometime around the mid-sixties when Fortune magazine tinted this new financial vehicle…. [read more]


Hedge Fund Regulation Research Proposal

… Hedge Fund Regulation

The purpose of this document is to examine hedge fund regulation shift specifically as related to SEC regulations from systemic fraud fears begun in 1998 by the Failure of Long-Term Capital Management. This work will further examine the protection fears of investors resulting from the Bernie Madoff scandal and will examine as well systemic risk fears in recent financial crisis with emphasis on hedge funds. Toward these ends this work will examine online documentation available via the Internet

A 'hedge fund' is "a private investment vehicle that is less regulated than traditional investment companies." (Shadab, 2007)

Shadab explains that the hedge fund is thus named due to the role the fund plays in 'hedging' "against downturns in more conventional investments." (2007)

Historically,…. [read more]


Risk, Return and Their Evaluation Essay

… But few ventures are guaranteed, or else everyone would put their money there, and so even where variable input costs due to weather events; theft, fraud, tare (ruined inputs, i.e. skill) and wear on plant; regulation change; money supply and exchange rate and thus inflation changes did not affect returns which would be a stretch, investors would offer lower and lower borrowing rates for such an implausible risk-free investment and so in order to generate higher returns, investors would actually have to seek out risk or else accept the lowest, 'risk-free' rates. Higher risk from any of the causes just mentioned, let alone competitor action taking market share, drives higher borrowing cost and thus the venture must make higher return to pay off that higher…. [read more]


Characteristics Mfs Anti-Star System? Essay

… However, this was thought to mitigate the effects of seasonal ebbs and flows of industry performance, which could potentially make an individual seem like a lower or higher performer than he or she really was, overall.

The subjective component of the process was said to make the variances of bonuses from year-to-year- and between bonuses of employees less acute than other firms, creating a more cohesive sense of teamwork. Approximately sixty fellow traders and peers provided written comments about "how helpful the portfolio manager was" as well as made "suggestions for improvement" (Hall & Lim 2004: 8). Yet, the 'portfolio performance factor' despite these subjective components, still meant that some managers received eight times more compensation than other employees. Subjective reviews still required a sense…. [read more]


Limiting Market Risk Research Paper

… ¶ … managing market risk. There are some fundamental differences between market risk and firm-specific risk, although some of the underlying principles of managing this risk are the same. The most common measure of market risk is the value at risk (VaR) calculation, which measures risk in terms of the value of the firm that is at risk during a given point in time, to a specific confidence interval. Outside of that interval, however, incidents can take place that can result in a destruction of firm value greater than the VaR. Examples such as the Amaranth natural gas trading collapse illustrate the importance of a multifaceted strategy for managing market risk. What the Amaranth case shows us is the importance of understanding all of the…. [read more]


Risk Management Financial Derivatives Term Paper

… The U.S. commercial banks are the largest participants in the market for derivatives globally, and in 1999 they reported outstanding derivative contracts with a notional value of $33 trillion. This level was reached from 1990 with a continuous compounded annual growth of 20%. Bank holding companies may also be permitted to take or make delivery of title to the commodities which have and underlying transaction of derivatives. They should also be allowed to participate in established derivatives market where there is no permission for assignment, termination or offset in documents. Non-bank and bank users of these new financial instruments have had a growing tendency to use them as a basic part to their allocation for capital risks and connected profit maximization. At the same time…. [read more]


Financial Analysis of Mcdonald Essay

… Since foreign exchange and interest rates are volatile, the important measures are to use various financial instruments to reduce exposures of foreign exchange and interest risks. McDonald is exposed to the global market risks due to the foreign currency fluctuation and effect of changes in interest rates.

In addition, McDonald is exposed to the credit-related losses because the company raises short-term and long-term debt to raise its financial obligations. Moreover, McDonald is exposed to the income tax uncertainties. Since McDonald operates in the U.S. And foreign countries, the company financial data is regularly audited by the states, federal and foreign authorities. When the company tax position does not meet the required standard, the company may records interests or penalties. McDonald is also exposed to the…. [read more]


Global Accounting Standards Essay

… International Accounting Standards: Adoption And Transition

Traditionally, the accounting profession has been seen as a functionary occupation, the practitioners of which are concerned with the presentation of economic figures relating to individual and organizational financial performance. Accountancy has been seen largely as a field reserved for mathematical grunt-work, with its output serving as indicative of performance rather than incursive upon it. Today, that perspective has been altered significantly, for better and for worse. The role of accounting professionals has both diversified and expanded considerably over the past few years, with practitioners in this field coming to serve as primary decision-makers and organizational visionaries in their own right. This serves as a testament to the crucial contribution of accountancy-derived economic insight in the determination of sensible…. [read more]


Predatory Lending and the Subprime Mortgage Crisis Seminar Paper

… Predatory Lending and the Subprime Mortgage Crisis

The issues with subprime mortgages are recognized by now, with many evasions and consequences for businesses and financiers in a similar way. A lot of writers have been swift to charge what they call hungry, predatory lenders who oppressed poor, simple and uneducated borrowers. This is expected for the reason that lenders have been blamed of many comparable sins in earlier periods. For instance, the uproar following the printing of Apgar et al. (2006)

, which has been extensively deduces as proof of racial bigotry, is renowned. So far other explanations of the data exist, with Elliehausen & Staten (2004) being a well-known case in point.

Analysts state that minorities disburse bigger overages or yield spreads than Caucasians,…. [read more]


Southwest Airlines Analysis Discuss the Corporate Culture Research Paper

… Southwest Airlines Analysis

Discuss the corporate culture at Southwest Airlines and how it leverages its culture to achieve a competitive advantage.

The nature of Southwest Airlines' culture is one predicated on creating as much transparency and trust as possible, as the company has learned that this is critical for overcoming resistance to change and meeting the many challenges it faces going forward. As a result, the company's continued successful, profitable performance in one of the most challenging industries globally shows that creating clear, easily understood links between decision making styles, supporting accurate and honest communication, and a bias towards minimizing the negative effects of politics and internal power struggles all can contribute to greater long-term profitability. Because the Southwest culture is so firmly rooted in…. [read more]


Economic Crisis in Europe Article Review

… By reducing the amount of decisions made by human operators, the risk for errors in inputting or analyzing information is greatly reduced. Automating audit systems also helps organizations determine if its processes are effective by identifying transactions outside of the norm for further evaluation.

Enterprise software provides information to the people that can act upon it making it a better tool for the communication of vital information then the typical upward communication scheme. The speed and power of computer systems is increasing, bringing information in the financial world to almost real time helping to increase risk mitigation.

The problem with information organized and assessed by computer systems is that people are interpreting the results of the data and can be inclined to certain bias's thereby…. [read more]


Business Plan and Venture Capitalist Business Plan

… ¶ … atleast 1 page each for question 1-4.

Explain in detail what characteristics an entrepreneur must have in order to get in front of a group of Venture Capitalists and make them fall in love with them. How can an entrepreneur read body and facial expressions to know whether or not they are succeeding in capturing the Venture Capitalists attention?

The nature of this question is dubious. It intimates that Venture Capitalists (VC) are susceptible to all sorts of Hollywood theatrics, i.e. posturing, placating, pandering, etc. When the reality is Venture Capitalists don't fall in love with performers or performances, they fall in love with sound investment opportunities. One can be the prettiest person in the room or the greatest speaker they've ever heard,…. [read more]


Blow the Whistle Case Study

… The ramifications were huge and certainly divulging your suspicions may prevent much calamity.

You have already approached the CFO. These are the requirements of whistleblowing. He has assured you that all is fine. You, however, still have substantial reason for concern. Some ethical approaches may urge you to approach a different authority (outside your employment) in this case, but the source has to be someone who will be in a position of authority (not necessarily the media). Kantian moral theory, utilitarian moral theory and virtue theory have three different perspectives on this.

Kantian moral theory is different to utilitarianism in that it does not depend on end-results -- namely happiness -- for practice, but rather exists as a 'categorical imperative' namely, that it applies to…. [read more]


CDO Collateralized Debt Obligation Market Term Paper

… ¶ … Cdo, and How Big Is This Market

The Collateralized Debt Obligation 'is securities that represent a portfolio of bank loans and/or different financial instruments'. The Collateralized Debt obligation is 'security that represents a portfolio of different financial instruments or assets' (Olivier, 2005). The CDO is applicable on 'portfolio of bank loans and/or different financial instruments' (David, 2002). The financial institutions have offered increasingly-popular structured finance products in the form of part securitization instrument and part credit derivative through CDO schemes, the schemes have been launched on routine basis, which is responsible for the reduction of the cost of financing and the exploitation arbitrage opportunities or transference of the credit risk. The CDO are 'issued in different tranches that are tailored using securitization techniques;…. [read more]


Nokia N95 Cell Phone Marketing Plan Term Paper

… Nokia N95 Cell Phone Marketing Plan

This is a marketing plan for the introduction of the Nokia N95 Cell Phone. A serious entry into the burgeoning field of PDA's, or Personal Digital Assistants, the N95 includes all of the tools which are necessary to be competitive with the leaders in this segment of the market, including sync with PC's, GPS for localization and direction finding, and a series of other features which are necessary to the business user.

The N95 is meant to compete with PDA and messaging manufacturers, such as BlackBerry, Palm Treo Series, HP, Samsung and a series of other manufacturers who have been producing PDA's and adding phone characteristics. New entrants to this market segment include heavyweights Apple and Microsoft. Apple's direction…. [read more]


International Project Finance Essay

… Project Financing

International Project Finance: Commercial risk

Completion risk

Completion risk entails the concept of whether the project can be completed on the recommended period and within the set amount of budget

Completion risk is also known as Cost Overrun risk or the construction risk. Three common terms employed in order to allocate the completion risk. One of the concepts is cost-of construction. This entails the fact that the cost of completion tends to be fundamental to the financial liability of the project that is under construction. This is because the all the financial assumptions are dependent on the initial cost that was assumed during the start of the project. In some cases, the assumed ratios are also dependant on the cost of construction of…. [read more]


Westfield Group Research Paper

… Westfield Group is one of the world's largest developers and managers of retail property. They operate 119 malls in Australia, the United States, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. The group is solid financially and has a strong, experienced management team. They have been able to leverage these strengths in part by sticking to their core business.

This has resulted in a finely-tuned organization, but also one that lacks in diversification.

Westfield is liquid, but has seen a decrease in revenues and profits in the past couple of years, in part due to economic slowdown. The firm is partly insulated from this by virtue of their strength in the Australian market, but their lack of diversification continues to put them at risk. The firm's tactics…. [read more]


Applied Management and Decision Sciences Thesis

… ¶ … management and decision sciences from various theorists; and, analyzes the evolution of managerial decision making from scientific management to the complicated forecasting models used today. The objectives of the Breadth component were four-fold: (a) to examine the theories of applied management and decision sciences as interpreted by the research of Ducker (1974), Harrison (1975), and others as listed in the reference section; (b) to analyze the historic evolution of decision making from scientific management to modern applications of operations research; (c) to examine the decision making process, with a particular emphasis on the importance of values and management judgment; and (d) to describe, assess, and evaluate various decision evaluation tools including matrix analysis, influence diagrams, payoff matrices, sensitivity analysis, decision tree, probabilistic forecasting,…. [read more]


Global Corporate Finance Term Paper

… Global Corporate Finance

With the breakdown of the Soviet Union and the apparition of new states on the world map, correlated with strong economic developments in countries formerly categorized as developing, new corporations from countries like Kazakhstan, Hungary, Vietnam or Poland began to play an important role on the international financial markets. The strong economic growth in their countries of origin and the underlying profitable economic returns that could be obtained pushed companies from developing countries to seek sources of finance outside their own countries in order to finance their businesses and speculate the current profitable economic conditions.

On the other hand, before the globalization phenomenon, their access to foreign and international capital would have been most likely either impossible or extremely difficult. However, globalization,…. [read more]


No-Fault Compensation in UK Medical Malpractice Thesis

… 2 The survey tried to quantify the frequency and/or severity of adverse effects through a population sampling experienced as a result of their medical treatment. The respondent sample consisted of 3638 men and 4568 women, or a total population of 8,206.



395, or 4.8% (4.8 in every 100) patients felt that they had suffered some illness, injury or impairment, which directly resulted from their medical treatment or care. This figure is slightly higher than the estimates derived using the methodology from the Harvard Medical Malpractice Study, which estimated that 3.7 in every 100 patients suffered "adverse effect." The report noted that the proportion responding "positively declined with increasing age and was inversely associated with social grade." Further, the report stated, "there was…. [read more]


International Finance the Three Companies Term Paper

… Foreign exchange rate risk with Sony is therefore low.

There is some measure of economic risk, however. Though Japan is a wealthy and stable country, it is in an interesting macroeconomic position, which gives rise to some financial risk. The overnight rate is 0.1%, and the bank rate in Japan has basically been at zero for almost all of the last fifteen years (Global Rates.com, 2014). This means that the central bank has limited flexibility to deal with recessions and spur economic growth through conventional monetary policy. As a result, Japan may well be more susceptible to economic downturn, particularly in Asia, than just about any other country. The long-run economic sluggishness has also put the Japanese banking system in a precarious position, something that…. [read more]


Report of Transparency in Oil Extraction for Equatorial Guinea and Chad Research Paper

… Chad Guinea

Guinea promises superior transparency than Chad for oil or any other point-source extractive investment particularly because of constitutional checks and balances to executive power and integration with global monetary and financial authorities. Chad has stronger financial balance sheet fundamentals, particularly regarding inflation, but faces significant structural challenges absent in Guinea, foremost of which is concentration of power in the executive, where such centralization has already presented obstacles to international monitoring and oversight, specifically the President rewriting the constitution to remove democratic checks and balances. As IMF staff point out in a June 2011 technical assessment regarding disarray in Guinean financial and monetary data, "[r]eal sector statistics are incomplete, and published with insufficient timeliness to support economic policymaking" (Ross and Martijn 2011:

Likewise while…. [read more]


Switch to IAS IFRS the Challenge Presented by Goodwill Term Paper

… Switch to IAS/IFRS: The Challenge presented by Goodwill

As the months go by, European listed companies are discovering the upheavals involved in implementing IAS/IFRS from the FY 2005. The controversy surrounding IAS 39 (recognising and measuring financial instruments) has been a case of missing the forest for the trees; although there is no doubt that this standard is likely to have a major impact on companies in the financial sector, other IAS/IFRS standards are likely to impact just as much on the balance sheets of large industrial or retail groups. For example, there is IAS 22 (business combinations) and IAS 36 (impairment of assets) which will completely overhaul the way goodwill is treated - depreciation is replaced with the impairment test, which means a strict…. [read more]


ECB Can Be Successful Term Paper

… Even though this veto existed it was never used, this may be due to the manner in which Wilhelm Vocke, the president of the Bank deutscher Lander, managed the difficult political situation of the bank (Uwe, 1994). He was able to negotiate and co-ordinate policies with the Commission, creating a stable banking environment and one that was able to negotiate through the political difficulties, which were external but influenced the bank.

By 1950, the legislation for the creation of the central bank had begun. The legislation was formed under Chancellor Konrad Adenauer. During the creation of the legislation differences emerged between the parties involved regarding what the correct leadership should be between the central bank and the political authorities. It was argued by Fritz Schaffer,…. [read more]


Shadow Banking on the International Term Paper

… These measures are instrumental in leading towards more prudent risk management of entity, reduction of any implicit "government safety net" linked with highly leveraged funds and mitigate pro-cyclicality of market movements occurring mostly in the cases of market distress. However, its potential disadvantages comprise of potential difficulties encountered in the calibration of limits for different investment strategies, which implies that some strategies are considered "efficient" only if they operate on highly leveraged basis. Moreover, impediments to a fund's portfolio investment flexibility tend to be another disadvantage associated with it. Thus, the type of entity under consideration and the particular features linked to it must be considered for tailoring this type of tool. Such type of tool is considered suitable for hedged funds (FSB, 2012f).

References…. [read more]


Presidential Election 2008 Candidates Project Term Paper

… Candidates Project

have chosen to shadow Hillary Clinton the democratic presidential candidate for president in 2008. Hillary Clinton filed with the FEC in January 22, 2007. In so doing I will analyze the official candidacy website as well as other sources to determine the foundation for the candidacy, the issues, the candidates platform, and how the media sees the candidate. I will also seek out information on who is funding the candidates bid for office, what opinion polls are saying about Clinton, what the advertising looks like and lastly I will evaluate and synthesize the information and draw conclusions about suggestions I have for this client in her campaign.

Official Website Analysis:

The official Hillary Clinton candidate website opens with a sign up page that…. [read more]


Ba Honors Accounting Term Paper

… ¶ … Value Model

With many economies worldwide in a financial tailspin this paper will seek to determine whether the fair value model or the cost model is more efficient especially in regards to the valuation of real estate assets in Hong Kong. The paper will specifically seek to determine whether the fair value model is a good representation of the true value of investments so that investors can make decisions that are both timely and effective in their nature. Comparing the fair value model to the cost model should provide for a clear picture since both models are used extensively in the Hong Kong market and there is a very distinct difference between the two models. The paper is especially concerned about the reliability…. [read more]


Charter Schools Review Term Paper

… Opportunities to visit schools or districts within or outside of the immediate community.

25. Has the Charter school in your District adhered to rules and regulations required by U.S. educational governance standards?

26. What punitive actions are taken against employees within the Charter School for failure to adhere to regulations set by the school board?

27. Are the attendance policies of the school strictly adhered to?

28. Are parents encouraged to participate in school functions and activities?

29. What is the turnover rate of the Charter school in the district where you reside?

30. Why is the charter school in question chosen above others in the area for attendance?

31. What is the turnover rate of teachers in the Charter School presently the focus of…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.