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Criminal Behavior Approaches Term Paper

… It has been observed that people facing these disorders from early years of life are more viable to commit crime in later stages of life. Many of these individuals are more probable to face legal problems in later stages of life. Thus, identifying these individuals and treating them in the best possible manner is form of psychological crime control policies. Therefore, procedures and techniques of crime control policies founded on psychological principles object the individual and try to reorganize or stop criminal behavior from that viewpoint. Some strategies need beneficial involvement, re-skilling, or tutoring is psychological in nature. Any policy intended at inhibiting crime by directing persons such as giving rise to realization, encouraging self-awareness, or classifying persons at danger are also psychological. On the…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Administration Essay

… Criminal Justice Administration

What should Casey's response be to the reporter (other than hanging up or telling him to call back) concerning the agency's recommendation?

Casey's response should be one that is straight forward and honest. She should tell them that her office is going to look at all the facts in the case and take everything into consideration when they make the decision of what to recommend to the court. A probation officer's main goal is to help the defendant to get the help that they need in order to become a productive member of society. Casey needs to stick to her ethics and carry out her job to the best of her ability. If her first concern is the well being and enhancement…. [read more]


Criminal Profiling as an Aid Research Paper

… Furthermore, there appears to be a professional bias against profiling, which exists not only among law enforcement professionals, but also among psychiatrists and psychologists. In general, mental health professionals had a negative impression of profiling. "Fewer than half of the forensic mental health professionals felt that either profiling or criminal investigative analysis was reliable, was valid, or had enough scientific support to be admitted into court. Perceptions were especially negative among those who received the version of the survey using the term profiling. These forensic mental health professionals rated profiling to be significantly less reliable and valid than those who were given the term criminal investigative analysis for the same process. These findings support the position that profiling is likely to be viewed more favorably…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Process Term Paper

… Criminal Justice Process

A felony is a group of crimes that are commonly known as the most serious types of offenses. The major element of a felony is that being found guilty of a felony will consequence in incarceration for at least a one year period of time. In addition, the detention will be served in a prison facility rather than a county or local jail. Criminal fines may also be imposed for felony charges that range in amounts that are in the thousands. Felonies normally included serious offenses liken those of homicide, rape, arson, burglary, robbery, larceny, escaping from a prison, and assisting in a felony. A person who is found guilty in any court for committing a felony crime will then be known…. [read more]


Criminal Acts and Choice Theory Essay

… The offenders comprehend lack of constraints and excessive freedom. Criminals have self-control and are unaffected by social fear of social controls when compared to other people. The choice of the risky acts come out because they are facing individual problems or stressed Frank, 1990()

In studying the decision to commit criminal activities, proponents of choice theory study agree disregarding substance crime is a planned action of location undertaken by choice. The decision made is dependent upon the aim and the available means to undertake it Young, 1997.

Criminal will choose low income household for violent crimes and high income homesteads for belongings theft. This depicts the choosing of the location and the chance of being caught. It has also been observed that criminal acquire the…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Leadership Identify Two Essay

… Simply stated, due process in the hiring and firing phases of employment are federally mandated to avoid litigation and to provide all candidates with fairness and equality in decision making. Civil Right Act of 1964 (Title VII) prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin and sex (Archives.gov, 2010). Should a hiring committee or authority disregard these federally protected categories, liability will attach and, perhaps, adverse civil judgments may ensue.

Employees in the criminal justice system are afforded all of the due process rights and privledges available to all employees. The benefit, of course, is that criminal justice employees are not subject to the whim of superiors and have the ability to utilize due process protections to avoid termination. Given the…. [read more]


Effects of a Criminal Record on Life in Canada Essay

… Criminal Record in Canada

While it's true that no human being is immune to making mistakes, some mistakes have heftier prices to pay than others. For example, aside from the regret, embarrassment, cost, time and financial expense of committing a criminal offense, the offense stays on one's record for one's entire life, and could prevent one from jobs, opportunities and travel. This is a truly serious concept that one needs to bear in mind when considering the concept of crime or toying with the idea of committing a crime. In Canada, as in most other countries, criminal records are not erased after a certain amount of time or for minor offenses and one must answer "yes" if ever asked if one has been guilty of…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Criminal Profiling, or Offender Essay

… Criminal Justice

Criminal profiling, or offender profiling, is a process by which law enforcement deduces a psychological and demographic picture of a perpetrator. Clues from the crime scene are used to develop a composite identity of a suspect or suspects. Issues such as geographic location, demographics, behavioral and personality psychology are taken into account. The main purpose of criminal profiling is to aid law enforcement in efficiently pursuing suspects and eliminating false trails. Criminal profiling can also be used to develop a template that can be used to identify suspects in a more general context, although this process risks stereotyping and racial profiling. Criminal profiling is part of Criminal Investigative Analysis (CIA).

The six stages of criminal profiling include profiling inputs, decision process or decision-making…. [read more]


Criminal Gang Enhancements Term Paper

… Criminal Gang Enhancements in Sentencing

CRIMINAL GANG ENHANCEMENT

IN SENTENCING

During the time period between the years of 1997 and 1998 legislation was focused on crime and most specifically juvenile crime. The work of Matthews and Ruzicka entitled: "Proposition 21: Juvenile Crime" (2000) published by the Capital Center for Government Law and Policy in a California Initiative Review relates that Proposition 21 had as its aim the amendment of both "the Penal Code and the Welfare and Institution Code" and this was specific to the "procedures used in the treatment of juveniles and adults who commit gang-related felonies." (Matthews & Ruzicka, 2000) According to Matthews and Ruzicka this law would bring about serious changes to the way. Proposition 21 would increase penalties related to street…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Administration Research Proposal

… Criminal Justice Administration

Administration of Justice in Cases of Mentally Ill Offenders

Final Project Research Proposal

Administration of Justice in Cases of Mentally Ill Offenders

The objective of this study is to establish the administration of justice to mentality destabilized victims. The null hypothesis in the criminal justice administration states that mental destabilized people are innocent of accusations of any criminal activity. Their violent actions and irresponsible behaviors are triggered by certain circumstance that provokes their mental illnesses. In order to attain the goal in this study, the research has incorporated a quantitative study. The study involves the use of statistical data on various cases done in the past on mentally disturbed convicts. The quantitative study is meant to reveal patterns of judicial proceedings, which…. [read more]


Criminal Justice: On September 18 Term Paper

… The reason for the suitability of this theory of punishment in this case is the fact that its central precept is that punishment should be in proportion to the harm.

Importance of Code Ethics in the Criminal Justice System:

One of the most essential and fundamental aspects in guiding practices and lessening misconduct by personnel in criminal justice is the importance of code of ethics. Ethics is basically described as moral philosophy, which focuses on examining issues of right and wrong and how people ought to live. The qualities of right and wrong are in turn considered as moral judgments that are assigned to people's conduct and actions. A code of ethics is vital in all criminal justice processes because it provides the professionals in…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Term Paper

… There are some teenagers in our system that have no problems committing serious crimes at aged 14 or 15 because they know they will only be incarcerated until they are 18 at most (the laws vary according to state). A number of young people, as shown in the statistics mentioned above, have genuine problems at home, and have probably not received what could be considered adequate parenting. Would it be better to help this children learn the difference from right and wrong, or better still, respect for others and themselves, instead of imprisoning them?

The examples given in this paper show there have been and still are some glaring injustices within our American Justice system. It would appear that the situation has little changed from…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Powell, Michael. "Bragging Article Review

… Yet more should be done to ensure an error-free DNA processing procedure at all stages of the criminal justice process.

Dwyer, Jim. "Rewriting the City's Record on Prisons." The New York Times. 2 Jan, 2014. Retrieved online: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/03/nyregion/rewriting-the-citys-record-on-prisons.html

In this article, Dwyer comments on Harry Belafonte's criticism of the New York City prison system. According to the author, the city has effectively reduced its prison population and is contributing to the overall state reduction in incarceration rates. This news is promising. While the rest of the nation should follow suit, at least New York is taking steps to reduce one of the country's biggest shames: prison overcrowding and the needless imprisonment of nonviolent drug offenders. Alternative sentencing for other crimes, and more aggressive prevention programs…. [read more]


Criminal Law Summarize Case Study

… The jury had to find reasons as to why they returned. Evidence of the defendants being submitted to harsh conditions should have been submitted to the jury (Robinson, 2009).

Define disorderly conduct.

Disorderly conduct is a situation where a person gets involved in a fight, makes unnecessary noise even when asked to stop, and interrupts with lawful assembly of people intentionally and knowingly.

Part 2

Will the government be successful and obtain a conviction? Explain your answer.

In this case, a threat has been communicated through email. Under the federal law, it is a serious crime to issue threats to government officials. This crime is categorized as a class D or C. felony: it attracts a maximum penalty of 10 years. When such threats transcend…. [read more]


Criminal Investigation Scenario: Criminal Scene Investigators Term Paper

… Criminal Investigation Scenario:

Criminal scene investigators are usually mandated with the task of actively processing a crime scene in order to collect evidence that would be used in arresting and prosecuting suspects. In this scenario, these investigators were involved in active processing of a crime scene where Clyde Stevens was found lying on the floor unresponsive and pronounced dead from an apparent stabbing. Steven's body was found with a large butcher knife protruding from his back by his neighbor, Mary Ellis. In order to collect enough evidence for the crime, the investigators carried out a search in Ellis' walk-in-closet and the bedroom of her adult son. These efforts resulted in the identification of a blood fingerprint adjacent to a light switch in William's bedroom. Through…. [read more]


Criminal Investigations Term Paper

… Criminal Investigations

This text will concern itself with a number of issues related to criminal investigations. In so doing, it will amongst other things address the various criminal investigation inquiry methods and discuss an investigator's optimal mindset. Further, in addition to highlighting the scientific method and how it is utilized by investigators in criminal investigations, this text will also identify a criminal investigator's major sources of information.

Inquiry Methods and their Utilization in Criminal Investigation

According to Palmiotto (2004), "investigative authorities estimate that approximately 95% of crimes are cleared through interviews and interrogations." The relevance of these two basic methods of inquiry cannot hence be overstated when it comes to criminal investigation. An interview in the author's own words can be defined as "a purposeful…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Management Reading Articles the Boys Essay

… CRIMINAL JUSTICE Management Reading articles

The Boys in Blue

After reading Erica Goode's article in the New York Times, "Police Chiefs Focus on Disparities in Gun Violence, With an Eye Towards Solutions," there appears to be a couple of different ways in which police management can successfully influence changes in gun laws that are necessary to reduce crime that is committed through the usage of fire arms. One of the most effective ways would be to exert as much pressure as possible on the politicians, and their supporting lobbyists, that are widely responsible for the passing of legislature that could assist to change current laws. Although police are municipal, state and federally funded, these fraternal organizations have lobbyists as well that could do a better…. [read more]


Causes Criminal Behavior? Essay

… ¶ … Causes Criminal Behavior?

There is a tremendous amount of debate over what causes criminal behavior. Some suggest that environmental factors cause criminal behavior, while other suggest that there are genetic factors that impact criminal propensity, and others even go so far as to argue that most criminality is a social construct used to control disadvantaged groups. Regardless of the individual perspective, few theorists suggest that a single factor is responsible for criminality, but urge people to consider a combination of factors when investigating criminal behavior. "Similar environments, for example, do not produce similar individuals; they create and highlight unique individual differences. Take, for example, two children living with abusive parents. Two issues that have been considered very important to modern researchers are the…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Administration Essay

… Today, the common form of correction system is prisons. The society has deemed it a necessity to separate criminals from the rest of the society. This means that all criminals are locked up somewhere with the aim of removing them from the rest of the society (Roufa,2010).

These key issues in criminal justice administration can be prioritized. The first issue is law enforcement. The police are very important when it comes to criminal justice administration. This is because without the police then there is no way that criminals would face the criminal justice system since the police are the link. Therefore the police are the first priority because they are needed so that the criminals can be caught and hence face the justice system. The…. [read more]


Criminal Justice System Juvenile Delinquency Identify Three Term Paper

… Criminal Justice System Juvenile Delinquency

Identify three components of the diversionary program and initiatives within the NCJRS website Woman & Girls in the Criminal Justice System.

Gender-Specific Assessment of Offender's Needs, Strengths, and Risk Factors in conjunction with Gender-Specific Programming

A Focus on Personal Transformation and Rehabilitation through Continuous Exposure to Positive Role Models (Probation Officers, Case Workers)

Systematic Training to Implement Uniform Assessment and Programming Practices Across Multiple Criminal Justice and Social Service Agencies.

2.Compare and contrast state and local programs as they contribute to successful reintegration and transition services.

State Programs

State institutions, due to the state's exclusive authority for most criminal offenses in the state, usually encounter juvenile offenders only after they have reached the sentencing stage. Although criminal justice institutions theoretically…. [read more]


Criminal Justice System Normally Essay

… The neighborhood police departments are through far from common law enforcement agencies. The underlying state sheriff's departments are normally specialized police department.

Police system within the criminal justice system is normally charged with maintenance of order accompanied by the preventive approach that pertains to policing (Cole & Smith, 2009). They also ensure enforcement of the prevailing departmental vice laws accompanied by the emphasizing on the rest of the offenders. They also ensure society policing that stresses addressing communal problems accompanied by the existing vicinity concerns. Conversely, court is mainly charged with the prosecution and defending of the prevailing populace interest (David, 2008). Moreover, it also acts as custodians of the existing constitution and ought to be mindful of the right of the prevailing accused beneath…. [read more]


Criminal Investigations Term Paper

… Criminal Investigations:

The process of investigating, reporting, and prosecuting criminal offenses requires both legal and ethical preparations in order for successful prosecution of a case. The need for legal and ethical preparations is fueled by the fact that there is an unbelievable amount of work that needs to be done in relation to the statements, items, evidence, and witnesses before a case is presented in a court of law before a judge or jury. While there are various types of crimes, several ethical aspects must be considered from the start of the case i.e. when an investigator arrives at the crime scene. Ethical considerations are vital to decisions that incorporate force, discretion, and due process that need individuals to make enlightened moral judgments. Actually, the…. [read more]


Criminal Offending Essay

… In such a case, the perceived unfairness and failure to accept the unfair sanction nullifies any deterrent effect produced by strong social bonds, and this means, the unfair sanction may have little or no influence on the future behavior of the offender (Leana & Nicole, 2008). For poorly bonded offenders who perceive sanctions to be unfair and accept the accompanying shame, the sanction will be irrelevant or possibly produce a deterrent outcome to future offending. On the other hand, the poorly bonded offender who denies the shame is likely to respond defiantly and engage in future criminal activities, because of unfair and stigmatizing sanctions. Therefore, the outcome of a sanction determines continuity or discontinuity of criminal activity in the future. In addition, defining the sanction…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Theory Discussion Chapter

… Criminal Justice Policies

Criminal Justice and Policies

M2D1: Applying Due Process and Crime Control

Habert Packer was the core founder of due process model and crime control model that aimed at reducing the alarming rate of crime in America. Crime control model emphasizes more on human freedom and calls for the suppression of crime. The model puts human interest first and encourages efficiency, finality and speed to apprehend any criminal with less effort on human rights. On the other hand, due process model encourages freedom but insists more on reliable data and evidence to support a criminal act for the release of the individual. Unlike the model of crime control, it emphasizes on human rights whenever the person has committed crime (Cole, 2012).

Patriot Act…. [read more]


Criminal Investigation Essay

… Criminal Justice: Interviewing Reluctant Witnesses

Interviewing reluctant witnesses is a delicate process because, in most cases, the investigator lacks any basis for leverage of the same type available to investigators interviewing criminal suspects, accessories, or co-conspirators. Therefore, the key to a productive and successful investigative interview is to determine the precise reason for the witness's reluctance, to isolate different specific reasons in order to address them individually, and to appeal to the individual's personal psychological and emotional triggers and idiosyncratic sensitivities to facilitate greater cooperation. As always, creating a personal rapport is essential as well.

Specific Interview Questions and Follow-up Questions:

The following approach would be employed to isolate the specific reasons for the witness's reluctance in this case:

"I realize that you're reluctant to…. [read more]


Criminal Theory, Procedure, and Constitutional Essay

… Is the Probative Burden Ever Placed on the Defendant?

Yes. That is an intermediate level of criminal responsibility: it is a lower level of responsibility for conduct than strict liability because it provides means through which defendants can refute criminal culpability by establishing a lack of mens rea (Friedman, 2005).

Why should we Require both Actus Mens Rea?

Because it is often possible to do things that are appropriately punishable when those actions are purposefully done with criminal intent or with harmful intent that are not appropriate to punish as crimes when they are done with an innocent purpose or intention (Schmalleger, 2009). The civil law provides comprehensive protection and restitution for wrongs committed without purposefully criminal or harmful intent (Friedman, 2005).

What is Transferred…. [read more]


Criminal Justice System Today Essay

… It is true that prison overcrowding is one of the most urgent criminal justice issues not only in America, but all over the world. More often than not the responsible institutions have cited lack of jail space as the cause for this problem. This has led to the proposal of building more prison facilities to accommodate the soaring numbers. However, I hold a different opinion, I believe that the major cause is the lack of alternatives to incarceration which leads all offenders to prison and this is worsened by introduction of certain policies. For instance there is the mandatory minimum sentence for drug crimes in America; this has highly increased the rate of incarceration (Green, 2011). It implies that when alternatives to incarceration are adopted…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Program Essay

… That said, the criminal justice program still sees the old building on Amsterdam Avenue as a beacon or headquarters: this is the building with the antiquated architecture and small classrooms which acts as a living symbol of the integrity and history and values of the institution.

The communal spaces that the new building provides cannot be underestimated. "The Office of Student Life creates an environment where students can explore their interests, leadership, civic engagement, cultural diversity and spirituality. It offers a wealth of opportunities to become engaged on campus" (jjay.cuny.edu). Alliances between students help to build strong student organizations which can help students to launch their careers, work well together and to make new discoveries in the field, essentially helping them to help each other…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Associates Program Term Paper

… ¶ … Criminal Justice Associates Program

When I entered into the criminal justice associates program, I have to admit that my thoughts were not focused on what I would learn. Instead, in many ways I viewed the program as a means to an end, a necessary step that I had to take in order to get my desired job in law enforcement. I felt that it would provide me with the stepping stone that I needed to get a job in an administrative sector of law enforcement, and possibly help me get into a police academy and reduce my course requirements while there; if that is the route I chose to explore. However, once I began my coursework, I was pleasantly surprised to discover that…. [read more]


Criminal Law Essay

… Another example would be physical compulsion of the defendant. Such conduct may be cause by uncontrollable reflex actions or by a physical collapse. For example, if an epileptic after having drinks in a tavern gets into a fight with another guest and experiences a psychomotor seizure that causes him to strike the arriving police officer who tries to quell the fight would not be guilty of aggravated battery. Another illustration would be that a defendant suffers a sudden and unforeseen stroke or blackout when driving his car, which then runs the red light and collides with another vehicle. The defendant would not have committed any offense because he lacked the substantial capacity to appreciate the criminality of his conduct or to conform his conduct to…. [read more]

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