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Personality Theory Term Paper

… In a way the domains of individual differences which have similar surface manifestations are differentiated by the Big Five. Although it has only just started that we have begun to explicate the processes and structures which are underlying them. "Explication in explanatory and mechanistic terms will change the definition and assessment of the Big Five dimensions as we know them today" (as cited in John and Srivastava, 1990, p. 44).

Describe, compare and contrast the Big Five factors and the Big Three factors; the areas of experience, behavior and life that have been found to be related to each; and what relationships have been found in these areas.

Like its name, there are three broad superfactors whose importance is emphasized on in the Big Three…. [read more]

Etiology of Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Disorder Term Paper

… ¶ … Supranuclear Palsy

A discussion of the neurological etiology of Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Disorder

Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP) is an unusual neurodegenerative situation that leads to severe executive dysfunction. The traditional findings in PSP reveal that executive functions are the most severely affected, including lack of initiative, increasing information processing time, decreased verbal fluency and loss of mental flexibility. PSP is often regarded as a typical parkinsonian disease, along with multiple systemic atrophy, and corticobasal damage. Onset of signs happens after age 40, with the optimum onset at age 63. It is uncertain whether men or women affected on the same magnitude. Although genetics may infer some vulnerability to the illness, PSP cases are usually infrequent and not usually inherited (Ghosh, Carpenter & Rowe,…. [read more]

Personality and Personality Disorders Causal Research Paper

… He has a weak and low self-esteem and is unable to perceive other people's perspectives. An antisocial personality violates the rights of others without remorse yet can be charming, intelligent or cruel. The borderline personality is impulsive, habitually angry, unstable, and unpredictable. He fails to complete the process of identity formation. The avoidant personality desires attention but is lonely. He has insufficient social skills or social phobia. He is often confused with the schizoid. The dependent personality is extremely dependent on others. He panics when alone and lacks self-confidence. He lets others do the decisions for him. And the obsessive-compulsive personality is too concerned with rules, order and control He lacks warmth and is over-conscientious. He lacks the true obsessions or compulsions of the obsessive-compulsive…. [read more]

Pharmacological Treatment Multiple Personality Essay

… Group therapy helps them to validate their feelings. As a consequence, there is an increase and improvement in their interpersonal and communal competency. Group therapy is especially helpful for patients who were being sexually abused so that they may heal themselves through learning and cognitive training. Cognitive restructuring helps patients to lessen their propensity to dissociation. Moreover, Psychodynamic psychotherapy is another treatment approach that is used for gaining insight into the gist of the symptoms associated with dissociation. It is useful for helping patients to feel less conscientious and guilty for the suffering (Kreidler, Zupancic, Bell, & Longo, 2000).

People with dissociative disorders are traumatized by the past incidents. This is the reason why they come to therapy hurt and terrified. They are sure of…. [read more]

Personality Disorders Are Long-Standing Research Paper

… By identifying the constellation of presenting problems unique to the individual, the MMPI-2 would allow for assisting the clinician in diagnosing and visualizing what potential courses of remediation might be beneficial in the case of the particular patient in question.

The MMPI-2 is a structured self-report personality inventory. Some borderline patients are able to perform well in structured tests, but have been observed to perform more poorly on unstructured portions of tests, an observation also found in patients with psychotic disorders (Berg, 1983). It would also be useful to use a projective measure to provide further support for a personality diagnosis vs. A diagnosis of an Axis I or other personality disorder. The Rorschach test has been found to have good discriminative ability when distinguishing…. [read more]

Personality Disorders Each Individual Has His Own Term Paper

… Personality Disorders

Each individual has his own personality type. Many of the personality traits that we have are acquired genetically from our parents. It is common for a person to be outgoing or a bit reserved. These types of personalities are considered normal and as such, may not attract much attention. However, there are certain types of personalities that are considered mental disorders and affect a certain percentage of the population. Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD), Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD), and Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) are three types of personality disorders that are different, yet they all have some similarities. This paper will compare and contrast these three disorders to give a better understanding of each and how they relate to one another.

Antisocial Personality Disorder…. [read more]

Personality Disorders Research Paper

… Personality Disorders and other Mental Disturbances: A Comparison of Borderline Personality Disorder and Schizophrenia

There exists a very wide range in the types and cases of psychological disorders that have been identified and studies by the medical and psychological communities, and at times an overlap in certain symptoms or apparent behaviors can lead to a conflated diagnosis of several different disorders. This is not so much a problem for practiced psychological practitioners, of course, but for the lay community and those just beginning their study of psychology, the differences between types of disorders and specific disorders themselves can require some clarification. This paper draws a comparison between personality disorders, specifically borderline personality disorder, and a somewhat more serious and less treatable psychological condition, schizophrenia, to…. [read more]

Personality Characteristics of Sexually Abused Term Paper

… All of these problem areas result from low self-esteem yet also contributes to low self-esteem and to compulsively driven, unhealthy personality traits.

Child sexual abuse can have a major negative impact on a child's personality development, social development, psychosexual development and school functioning. It can lead to the development of chronic life adjustment problems, personality disorders and psychopathology.


According to the National Center for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (NCPTSD),." child is psychologically prepared to cope with repeated sexual stimulation" (Whealin, 2002). It is a fact that sexually abused children lack the positive environments and basic necessities needed to fully develop emotionally.

As a result, sexually abused children usually develop personality characteristics, such as low self-esteem, a feeling of worthlessness, and a distorted view of…. [read more]

Personality Disorder I Suffer Essay

… I have to have a supportive person in my life in order to manage my daily activities. In the establishment of life-long relationships, I tend to use covert expressions of anger but once the relationship is established, I tend to be meek and docile and admire the supportive person. I am also loyal, willing, loving, unquestioning, willing and affectionate and express tenderness and extreme consideration towards those to whom I depend.

I believe I am inferior to the supporting person and thus play the inferior role. I make sure the supporting person is well aware of this and that they are useful, strong, competent and sympathetic which is why I admire them so much. I approach my own failures and shortcomings with an attitude that…. [read more]

Disordered Eating in College Students: The Roles Term Paper

… Disordered Eating in College Students: The Roles of Attachment to Fathers, Depression and Self-Esteem

The objective of this work is to write a research proposal investigating the attachment process in eating disorders, particularly among college women. This work intends to examine the number of college women with subclinical eating disorders in contrast to those with full-blown eating disorders. This work will include background information on attachment theory and processes in general and in eating disorders. This work will focus on the father-daughter attachment processes and the roles of depression and self-esteem.

Eating disorders among college students have been noted to be more prevalent than ever in today's colleges. Eating disorders include those of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and other various eating disorders. The research of…. [read more]

Personality Theory and Psychological Disorder Term Paper

… Personality Theory and Psychological Disorder

Albert Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory

The Social Cognitive Theory presents one of the best models of the human learning process actually works. His theory of learned behavior through observation "represents a break from traditional theories by proposing that cognitive factors are central to human functioning and that learning can occur in the absence of direct reinforcement," (Monash University 2007). Humans are social creatures, this model places observation of the external world as a contributing factor in the formation of behavior. The multiple influences of personality seen in Bandura's model represents a more intimate relationship with an individual's consciousness and the external world which surrounds it.

Bandura's model of how behavior is not determined by a single factor. Rather, it is…. [read more]

Personality Assessment Instruments Thesis

… Personality Assessment Instruments

Millon, Rorschach and other methods of evaluation

This paper will attempt to give an overview of two relatively common and recently derived questionnaire-type personality assessments used by mental health professionals, the MCMI-III (Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory) and the MACI (Millon ™ Adolescent Clinical Inventory). It will compare the Millon approach with more subjective assessment methods such as the Rorschach 'inkblot' test once commonly used in clinical practice. Such a comparison is useful given the striking difference between the objective and comprehensive Millon approach with the highly subjective and personalized Rorschach method of assessment. Then, it will conclude with a final assessment of other common and less scientific methods of personality screening and testing, such as Jungian methods of personality classification and self-directed…. [read more]

Personality Assessment Inventory Critique Essay

… Personality Assessment Inventory Critique: MMPI-2 and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety order, which develops in response to exposure to a traumatic event. The event usually involves violence or the threat of violence. PTSD primarily affects adults, but can also affect children. Women seem more susceptible to PTSD than men, and it is not unusual for victims of sexual assaults or other violent attacks to develop some form of PTSD. However, the general public is probably most familiar with male victims of PTSD, because military personnel who have been in combat situations are a high-risk group for the disorder. Because it is an anxiety disorder, the symptoms of PTSD can manifest as physical problems, much like any other anxiety order.…. [read more]

Personality Theory of Elvis Presley Term Paper

… Personality Theory of Elvis Presley

Elvis is well-known around the world for his music, eccentric clothes and a presentation approach like no other. Yet, something he is possibly less known for was his kindness towards others. He often gave gifts ranging from cars to diamond covered watches. His gifts were given as a symbol of his love to those around him, but they were frequently spontaneous acts. But it was not just in his famed life where Elvis was bighearted. From an early age he often gave away his new playthings to other kids that he felt were less privileged than he was, which could be explained as an oddly bighearted deed for a young boy. This attribute took hold, and from then on he…. [read more]

Personality Theory Term Paper

… " (Johns, Robbins, and Pervin, 2008, p. 74)

II. Traits

It is reported that disorders "are extreme manifestations of normal personality traits, or alternatively certain traits are subclinical manifestations of disorder." (Clark, Watson, Mineka, 1994, p. 103) It is reported that various personality traits could result in disorder and "influence symptomatology and course, and in turn be affected by the experience of illness." (p. 103) In addition, many specific personality traits have been examined and linked to anxiety and depression. (Clark, Watson and Mineka, 1994, p.104) It is reported that the concept of trait "has a long-lasting tradition in personality psychology" and that according to Allport "a concept of trait is generalized and focalized neuropsychic system with the capacity to render many stimuli functionally equivalent,…. [read more]

Personality Disorder Essay

… Personality Disorder

One of the main aims of this paper is to highlight the main personality traits of an individual suffering from one of the most common personality disorders, where an individual has a controlling personality.

Characteristics of Controlling Personality

One of the main facts that need to be highlighted here is that individuals in these conditions are fond of exerting extra control over other individuals. The control may be in the form of verbal or physical abuse. The main aim of such individuals in exerting control is to make sure that the messages are sent to the weaker individual in a forceful manner and all things happen according to personal wishes and desires. One of the main characteristics that easily characterize controlling individuals from…. [read more]

Personality: Permanent? Term Paper

… Both causes play the same role controlling people's loathsome behavior.

The therapy includes giving space to the subject to openness of experience, reducing tension of threatening environment and fearsome force, or even introducing gradual learning process in a comfort zone where the subject feels safe to express him/herself.

There is an extra note; Azar also gives an interesting part in the article that both influences on certain traits "change as people age." Basically, two persons are not going to react on an experience the same way since they have different chemistry in each individual. Experiences may be influenced by individual presumption, so that people may "choose certain experiences because they fit best with our innate preferences."

She explains, genetic factor may give the fundamental of…. [read more]

Personality Theory From My Point-Of-View Term Paper

… It may either cause his personality to become an optimistic or a pessimistic.

Mental Illness

One mental illness in a child development is ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). This illness causes a child to have difficulty in maintaining attention and makes him easily distracted by different things. In a society where technology continuously grows, having this kind of illness, if brought until adulthood, is disadvantageous and can hamper one's growth and success. For instance, an adult who has an ADHD may find it difficult to learn new and advanced technologies. Because most of our environment and activities implement different technologies, such kind of adult may consequently find it difficult to adapt in many technological changes.


Boeree, G.C. Erik Erikson.

Retrieved on January 03, 2005,…. [read more]

Personality Theories Essay

… Personality Theories

Personality is a set of characteristics that influences the way a person thinks and behaves in numerous situations. It also influences the person's motivations.

Over the years, there have been different theoretical approaches in understanding personality. One perspective proposes personality to be shaped by an individual's interpersonal interactions and relationships (Cardillo, 1998). Another perspective proposes that personality is a direct or indirect result of genetics. This perspective holds that chemical, experiential, interpersonal, biological, and social factors all affect personality. Buss and Plomin presented a theory on inherited personality traits, proposing the "existence of four basic temperament dimensions present in human beings" (McAdams as cited in Cardillo, 1998). These four basic temperament dimensions, which are modified and shaped by social environment, are emotionality, activity,…. [read more]

Personality and Behavior: Changing Essay

… For example, people who are trying to stop drinking may find themselves in situations time and again where they are tempted to drink. Likewise, people who are trying to stop smoking (or any other harmful behavior) may place themselves in situations where these behaviors are more possible and even more likely to occur in ways that can be explained by interactionism theory. In this regard, Carver and Scheier report that, "Interactionism holds that personality and situation interact in several ways to determine behavior. For example, some situations permit or even elicit individual differences, whereas other situations don't. People also choose which situations to enter, and then they influence the nature of the situations by their own actions" (p. 88). This observation indicates that people who…. [read more]

Personality Assessment ID 69079 Personality Assessments Question Term Paper

… Personality Assessment

ID 69079 Personality Assessments

Question # 1 to what degree do you feel this is an accurate assessment of your personality?

There are a number of personality assessment levels in the IPIP-NEO Narrative Report that I agree with, however there are points that in my opinion do not reflect the person I believe myself to be. I do realize that my opinion is biased considering that the assessment has been done on myself; however, I still do not think that certain points that are considered "bad" in the assessment are in fact a negative; there are personality traits and flaws that I believe are necessary for everyone to function on a daily basis. Nonetheless, I must agree that there are areas that require…. [read more]

Efficacy of Personality Disorder Treatments Research Paper

… They occur in every culture. The affects of personality disorders are long lasting and are diffuse. People affected by personality disorders are not just the victims, but also the families, and the general communities of those who suffer from personality disorders. Just as with any medical condition, prevention is the best cure, as well as early diagnosis.


Clarkin, PhD, J.F., Foelsch, PhD, P.A, Levy, PhD, K.N., Hull, PhD., J.W., Delaney, J.C., & Kornberg, MD, O.F. (2001) The Development of a Psychodynamic Treatment for Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder: A Preliminary Study of Behavioral Change. Journal of Personality Disorders, 15(6), 487 -- 495.

Giesen-Bloo, J., van Duck, MD, PhD, R., Spinhoven, PhD, P., van Tilburg, MD, PhD, W., Dirksen, PhD, C., van Asselt, T., Kremers,…. [read more]

Anti-Social Personality Disorder Antisocial Research Paper

… Anti-Social Personality Disorder

Antisocial Personality Disorder

This is a mental condition where an individual has a long-term patter of violating, manipulating, and exploiting the rights of others. Antisocial personality disorder often leads to criminal behavior. The causes of antisocial personality disorder are unknown to the medical and psychological field. It is a belief that persons suffering from the disorder are triggered by environmental and genetic factors. These are like child abuse, alcoholic or antisocial parents. It is indicated that more men than women are affected by antisocial personality condition, with the condition being more common with persons in prison (Burt, 2007). An indication and development of the disorder in children is cruelty and setting fire to animals. The symptoms of the disorder are indicated in…. [read more]

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Grade Course Research Paper

… Such a female would show different behaviors time to time; being good and loving simply because she wants to use her partner or simply being very affectionate in the public in order to gain attention or appraisal for being good to others. Furthermore, women suffering from Narcissistic Personality disorder are self-centered and prioritize themselves before others. Regardless of their feeling of grandiosity, suffering from such a disorder creates numerous difficulties faced socially as well as occupationally. They suffer from maintaining a long-term relationship with friends, dating partners or spouse and would blame others instead of taking responsibility. A narcissistic adult female would act in every possible way to seek attention from others. To do this, she might dress up in a provocative manner, interrupt during…. [read more]

Dissociative Identity Disorder (Did) Term Paper

… Dissociative identity disorder (DID), or as it has previously been known and is still referred to in popular culture, multiple personality disorder (MPD), may be one of the most misunderstood and controversial of all psychiatric diagnoses. DID is characterized by the presence of two or more personality states or identities in a single person (Gentile et al., 2013). These personalities take alternate control of the individual, which can cause the person's behavior to appear erratic and disconnected, given that each identity perceives, related, and thinks about the environment in different ways. DID is also associated with some degree of amnesia between identities, so that a person with DID may be unable to recall engaging in particular behavior and may experience losses of chunks of time,…. [read more]

Individuals With Antisocial Personality Disorder Thesis

… To put their own minds at peace these people think it is alright to cause damage to these people as these people would ultimately cause damage to them. This is the main reason why these people think that committing crimes is the only solution. We shall now see how some of the violent acts meet the criteria for Felony assault.

Positive Link between ASPD and Felony Assault

Individuals with Antisocial Personality Disorder frequently lack empathy, tend to be manipulative and impulsive. Those traits positively correlate those individuals to commit violent crime such as felony assault.

As mentioned earlier that there are four requirements for an assault to come under the definition of a Felony assault. The first and the most important requirement is the ability…. [read more]

Relationship Between Different Personality Types and Addiction to Drugs and Alcohol Term Paper

… Personality Type as a Predictor of Addictions

Evidence linking substance abuse, either alcohol or other substances, to an increased incidence of personality disorders. This study expands on previous studies and explores the link between happiness and depression stemming from a number of personality disorders. The hypothesis postulates that a link correlation will be found between a higher incidence of depression as a result of personality disorder and alcoholism. Those that experience happiness as a result of their personality disorder are expected to be less likely to become involved in substance abuse. The study will use MCMI to assess the presence of personality disorder and happiness or depression in the participant. It will take place at a local residential substance abuse treatment program.


The ability…. [read more]

Dissociative Identity Disorder (Did) Research Paper

… However, the diagnosis is much more common in women than men and the ratio of women to men with DID is somewhere from 5:1 to 9:1 (APA, 2000). The cause of DID is unknown; although inevitability people suffering from this disorder have experience some form of traumatic event, most often childhood abuse (APA, 2000). Ross (1996) discusses four types of causal factors associated with DID: 1) a traumatic life event, 2) a vulnerability for the disorder to develop in the person (e.g., susceptibility to being hypnotized), environmental factors such as poor coping skills or role models and, 4) a lack of or absence of external support.

On examination patients with DID will not appear to be unusual except for some instances of forgetfulness. Often a…. [read more]

Anti-Social Personality Disorder Antisocial Annotated Bibliography

… Anti-Social Personality Disorder

Antisocial personality disorder is a chronic mental illness characterized by abnormal and destructive ways of thinking and perceiving situations. People with antisocial personality disorder have difficultly differentiating between right and wrong, which puts them at risk for lies, violent behavior, drug and alcohol problems, and conflict with the law. They may have inconsistent work histories. Antisocial behaviors tend to peak during the patient's 20s, but other characteristics of the disorder will remain throughout the lifetime. The disorder is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors; environmental factors may trigger the development of the disorder. There is no cure for the disorder, though treatments are available to manage the symptoms of the disorder. These treatments include psychotherapy, stress…. [read more]

Personality Disorders Schizotypal and Antisocial Term Paper

… ¶ … Personality Disorders Schizotypal and Antisocial

According to the National Institutes of health Schizotypal is a psychiatric condition. This condition is typified by a pattern of deficits as it relates to interpersonal relationships ("Schizotypal personality disorder"). The personality disorder is also characterized by instability in behavior thought patterns, and appearance. The cause of this particular disorder is unknown but researchers believe that the development of the disorder is linked to genetics. This link has been made because some studies have found that relatives of schizophrenics are more likely to develop the disorder ("Schizotypal personality disorder"). The NIH also points out that Schizotypal is not the same disorder as schizophrenia ("Schizotypal personality disorder"). Although it is true that people with Schizotypal have unusual behaviors and…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.