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Personality Therapy Term Paper

… The bottom line is to eliminate conditioned responses. Biofeedback is another form of therapy that works on internal behaviors. People can learn to do very subtle things to improve their physical and mental state (343)

Social cognitive learning theorists accepted learning theory, but felt that classical and instrumental conditioning were unable to explain a lot of human activity. For instance, how could conditioning explain the speed by which people could learn complex behaviors or could change the way they approached problems? Therefore, these professionals added cognitive learning (such as learning expectancies) and social learning (such as observational learning) to the list of essential learning processes.

In this perspective, there many therapy approaches. For example, cognitive behavioral modification assumes that personality problems arise from inefficient and…. [read more]

Personality and Personality Disorders Causal Research Paper

… He has a weak and low self-esteem and is unable to perceive other people's perspectives. An antisocial personality violates the rights of others without remorse yet can be charming, intelligent or cruel. The borderline personality is impulsive, habitually angry, unstable, and unpredictable. He fails to complete the process of identity formation. The avoidant personality desires attention but is lonely. He has insufficient social skills or social phobia. He is often confused with the schizoid. The dependent personality is extremely dependent on others. He panics when alone and lacks self-confidence. He lets others do the decisions for him. And the obsessive-compulsive personality is too concerned with rules, order and control He lacks warmth and is over-conscientious. He lacks the true obsessions or compulsions of the obsessive-compulsive…. [read more]

Personality Disorder I Suffer Essay

… I have to have a supportive person in my life in order to manage my daily activities. In the establishment of life-long relationships, I tend to use covert expressions of anger but once the relationship is established, I tend to be meek and docile and admire the supportive person. I am also loyal, willing, loving, unquestioning, willing and affectionate and express tenderness and extreme consideration towards those to whom I depend.

I believe I am inferior to the supporting person and thus play the inferior role. I make sure the supporting person is well aware of this and that they are useful, strong, competent and sympathetic which is why I admire them so much. I approach my own failures and shortcomings with an attitude that…. [read more]

Personality and Communication Affect on Supervision Term Paper


Imagine that you are sitting in a room with three other people: a convicted serial killer, an eccentric scientist, and a four-year-old child. If you had to choose one, which one would you pick? Which qualities would you automatically associate with each individual? Which one do you think you most closely identify with? If this same situation were applied within a group of people sharing the same characteristics, the answers to each question would still vary. The reason for the difficulty in getting a clear answer is that there are so many differences among members of the human race. Human beings not only come in many shapes and sizes but also behave in very complex ways. Of the more…. [read more]

Personality Theories in Psychology Essay

… For Freud's patients, the goal of psychoanalysis was to help mitigate some of these feelings and reconcile some of the differences between the id and the superego. Of course, human beings were able to reconcile these competing differences before the advent of psychoanalysis. They did so in a number of ways, which Freud referred to as defense mechanisms. Defense mechanisms are subconscious ways that a person deals with the tension between the id and the superego. These defense mechanisms include: compensation, denial, displacement, fantasy, intellectualization, projection, rationalization, reaction formation, regression, repression, and sublimation (See generally Freud, 1989).

There are certainly numerous flaws in Freud's theory. First, he was working in a repressive time which did not allow him to focus more effort on uncovering the…. [read more]

Personality Characteristics of Sexually Abused Term Paper

… All of these problem areas result from low self-esteem yet also contributes to low self-esteem and to compulsively driven, unhealthy personality traits.

Child sexual abuse can have a major negative impact on a child's personality development, social development, psychosexual development and school functioning. It can lead to the development of chronic life adjustment problems, personality disorders and psychopathology.


According to the National Center for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (NCPTSD),." child is psychologically prepared to cope with repeated sexual stimulation" (Whealin, 2002). It is a fact that sexually abused children lack the positive environments and basic necessities needed to fully develop emotionally.

As a result, sexually abused children usually develop personality characteristics, such as low self-esteem, a feeling of worthlessness, and a distorted view of…. [read more]

Personality Disorders Research Paper

… Personality Disorders and other Mental Disturbances: A Comparison of Borderline Personality Disorder and Schizophrenia

There exists a very wide range in the types and cases of psychological disorders that have been identified and studies by the medical and psychological communities, and at times an overlap in certain symptoms or apparent behaviors can lead to a conflated diagnosis of several different disorders. This is not so much a problem for practiced psychological practitioners, of course, but for the lay community and those just beginning their study of psychology, the differences between types of disorders and specific disorders themselves can require some clarification. This paper draws a comparison between personality disorders, specifically borderline personality disorder, and a somewhat more serious and less treatable psychological condition, schizophrenia, to…. [read more]

Personality Assessment Instruments Thesis

… Personality Assessment Instruments

Millon, Rorschach and other methods of evaluation

This paper will attempt to give an overview of two relatively common and recently derived questionnaire-type personality assessments used by mental health professionals, the MCMI-III (Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory) and the MACI (Millon ™ Adolescent Clinical Inventory). It will compare the Millon approach with more subjective assessment methods such as the Rorschach 'inkblot' test once commonly used in clinical practice. Such a comparison is useful given the striking difference between the objective and comprehensive Millon approach with the highly subjective and personalized Rorschach method of assessment. Then, it will conclude with a final assessment of other common and less scientific methods of personality screening and testing, such as Jungian methods of personality classification and self-directed…. [read more]

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Review Essay

… Therefore, the therapeutic technique is not the same as one would expect in a different type of treatment-focused intervention, because its goal is generally to prevent relapse.

However, it is also important to keep in mind that mindfulness is a very popular self-help technique. MBCT is considered a way to help people achieve a greater degree of happiness and success in their lives, even if those people do not actually suffer from a disorder. This is an important concept to keep in mind for the practitioner who may be more comfortable with treating a disease, rather than treating an individual. MBCT can help even those people without a disorder or a diagnosis achieve a greater degree of personal satisfaction in their lives, so that treatment…. [read more]

Components of Adlerian Therapy Term Paper

… ¶ … components of Adlerian Therapy, Psychoanalytic Therapy (including the modern theorists)

Adlerian Therapy

Key points of each theory

Humans are motivated through various factors which include social interests, struggle to achieve the goals and facing different challenges and dealing with different phases of life. Emphasis is made on the individual's capacity and positive traits to live in a society with cooperation. Every person has the ability to understand, influence and create events. Every person tends to develop a specific life style at a very early age which stays the same throughout the life.

Ideas unique to the theory

Radically and logically, Adlerian psychotherapy is the procedure of encouragement and motivation, which is centered in the sense of collective humanity and a conviction that there…. [read more]

Evolution and Development of Cognitive Term Paper

… Cognitive therapy is particularly effective in the treatment of panic disorders. Not only is it as if not more effective than a number of other approaches, but it also leads to a significant reduction in antipanic medication usage (Beck, 1993). Eating disorders also respond well to cognitive therapy, though a combination of cognitive therapy and imipramine is more effective than cognitive therapy alone (Beck, 1993).

What is even more interesting is that cognitive therapy has evolved alongside relatively new disorders, such as drug addiction. These are not new disorders, per se, but are disorders that have been newly identified. As such, there is not the same rigid adherence to the established protocols for treating these diseases. In 1993, investigators were studying the efficacy of cognitive…. [read more]

Efficacy of Personality Disorder Treatments Research Paper

… They occur in every culture. The affects of personality disorders are long lasting and are diffuse. People affected by personality disorders are not just the victims, but also the families, and the general communities of those who suffer from personality disorders. Just as with any medical condition, prevention is the best cure, as well as early diagnosis.


Clarkin, PhD, J.F., Foelsch, PhD, P.A, Levy, PhD, K.N., Hull, PhD., J.W., Delaney, J.C., & Kornberg, MD, O.F. (2001) The Development of a Psychodynamic Treatment for Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder: A Preliminary Study of Behavioral Change. Journal of Personality Disorders, 15(6), 487 -- 495.

Giesen-Bloo, J., van Duck, MD, PhD, R., Spinhoven, PhD, P., van Tilburg, MD, PhD, W., Dirksen, PhD, C., van Asselt, T., Kremers,…. [read more]

Ethics of Group Therapy Ethical Essay

… Group psychiatric therapy recordkeeping is carried out in this fashion regarding the decrease of the chance that the group members' records is going to be introduced inside a court proceeding against their will, an exercise and in the service of autonomy (see Knauss 2006 on recordkeeping).

Fidelity may be the condition to be faithful to a different client. The counsellor keeps fidelity when they're faithful to the customer and functions in compliance using the trust that the customer has put into her or him. Fidelity demands the interests from the client are of vital importance, frequently needing the therapist's positioning from the client's well-being before his very own.

Fidelity must characterize those things from the group psychotherapist in the beginning from the relationship that he…. [read more]

Psycho-Educational Models of Family Therapy Research Paper

… Hence, the individual must differentiate between the intellectual self and the emotional self; he focuses on how the recognition of the self must occur first before differentiation can take place. This also engages other separations like from parents, women, friends, etc. (taken from chapter 8).

Triangles (Brief summary)

Bowen asserts that the triangles are used as a 3-person relationship structure that embodies the expansive emotional structures and is usually structured whereby two persons emotionally involved or in a problematic emotional state are put in a controlled environment using a third person as the interventionist. The third person then serves as the source of reason and one who finds common ground and serves as the link that helps separate the intellect and the emotions (taken from…. [read more]

Adlerian Therapy and Cognitive Behavior Creative Writing

… Leading the client to investigate and monitor his thoughts has been shown to be successful in mitigating depression as well as many other mental diseases (Hoifodt et al., 2011; Robertson, 2010).

The client then is helped in shaping his environment / implementing certain behavior that will lead to a more constructive situation and behavior. This is the behavioral component of the approach. Methods used here including positive / negative reinforcement, or operant conditioning, where certain constructive behavior is rewarded therefore encouraged, and negative, self-defeating behavior is punished / rejected therefore hopefully extinguished. The client is also shown how to engineer his environment so that his environment will help him obtain his goals. Modeling successful others is a component of CBT as well as keeping a…. [read more]

Specific Mental Disorder Analysis: Cluster B Personality Research Paper

… There are a number of methods through which the health of these patients can be improved by the family physicians. Some of these methods are pharmacotherapy, brief interventions and psychotherapy. There are three clusters that the personality disorders are divided into, these are A, B and C. Schizoid, paranoid and schizotypal personality disorders are included in cluster A; antisocial, borderline, narcissistic and histrionic personality disorders are included in cluster B; whereas, avoidant, obsessive-compulsive and dependent personality disorders are included in cluster C and this cluster has been noticed to be a lot more prevalent than the rest of the two clusters. Family physicians can treat majority of the patients who suffer from these disorders. Omega-3 fatty acids, mood stabilizer as well as 2nd generation antipsychotics…. [read more]

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Grade Course Research Paper

… Such a female would show different behaviors time to time; being good and loving simply because she wants to use her partner or simply being very affectionate in the public in order to gain attention or appraisal for being good to others. Furthermore, women suffering from Narcissistic Personality disorder are self-centered and prioritize themselves before others. Regardless of their feeling of grandiosity, suffering from such a disorder creates numerous difficulties faced socially as well as occupationally. They suffer from maintaining a long-term relationship with friends, dating partners or spouse and would blame others instead of taking responsibility. A narcissistic adult female would act in every possible way to seek attention from others. To do this, she might dress up in a provocative manner, interrupt during…. [read more]

Explore the Major Approaches for the Treatment of Personality Disorders Essay

… Personality Disorders

Approaches to the Treatment of Personality Disorders:

National Library of Medicine defines personality disorders as a "group of psychiatric conditions in which a person's long-term (chronic) behaviors, emotions, and thoughts are very different from their culture's expectations and cause serious problems with relationships and work."

But for those who suffer from this psychological condition, personality disorders are much more than simply a definition; this disorder is something that an individual must live with and deal with every single day. If left untreated, personality disorders can affect an individual's life, to a large extent, and erase complete days, at times, from an individual's memory. Thus, it is important to examine what kind of methodology exists to treat such disorders. This short essay addresses this…. [read more]

Cognitive Therapy Provides a Structured Essay

… This is a much deeper insight than is required for successful CBT. Unconscious processes are at the heart of this therapy. The main assumption is that these processes are the result of past dysfunctional relationship. Hence the focus on unearthing the client's past in order to inform the therapeutic process. What this means is that unresolved conflicts created by these past relationships result in current problematic manifestations such as substance abuse or other psychological disorders.

According to Haggerty (2006), psychodynamic therapy is also the oldest of the therapies used by psychiatrists today. It is therefore a relatively complex system that is based upon complex theories that have developed over time. As such, four major schools of psychoanalytic theory have developed over time since Freud developed…. [read more]

Behavior Modification Therapy Effects Essay

… However, to a great degree, recognizing workable approaches in meta- analyses is constricted by the assessment of expansive treatment methods, instead of particular treatment methods in majority of result studies (Shirk, 2000).

In order to find out the effectiveness of behavior modification intervention, a subsection of treatment studies using this method to deal with self-esteem in children is closely observed. Studies which particularly focused on behavior modification and its effect on self-esteem in children along with the ones in which self-esteem was only a part of the study are reviewed. The studies reviewed are taken from the meta-analysis conducted by Haney and Durlak (1998). Reviews of 10 studies are discussed below:

Out of ten only three of the studies targeted only on the low self-esteem…. [read more]

Personality Disorders Schizotypal and Antisocial Term Paper

… ¶ … Personality Disorders Schizotypal and Antisocial

According to the National Institutes of health Schizotypal is a psychiatric condition. This condition is typified by a pattern of deficits as it relates to interpersonal relationships ("Schizotypal personality disorder"). The personality disorder is also characterized by instability in behavior thought patterns, and appearance. The cause of this particular disorder is unknown but researchers believe that the development of the disorder is linked to genetics. This link has been made because some studies have found that relatives of schizophrenics are more likely to develop the disorder ("Schizotypal personality disorder"). The NIH also points out that Schizotypal is not the same disorder as schizophrenia ("Schizotypal personality disorder"). Although it is true that people with Schizotypal have unusual behaviors and…. [read more]

Couples Therapy in Social Work Practice Capstone Project

… ¶ … Therapy

Couples Therapy

Couples Therapy in Social Work Practice

Part-1 Discussion of the Issue

Attachment and Sexual Engagement in Couples

Empathic Joining

Practical Implications of the Research

Character from Movie World:

Emotionally Focused Therapy and Blamer Softening

Possible reactions/assumptions/counter transferential issues

Couples Therapy in Social Work Practice

Couples therapy and family therapy are branches of psychotherapy. Couples therapy focuses on families and couples involved in intimate relationships; who are experiencing serious relationship difficulties. There are many issues that can be discussed in any relationship. This is especially true for couples. The basic goal for this kind of therapy is to strengthen the relationship resulting in healthy relationship patterns. It is difficult for any couple to keep the relationship stable in times of serious…. [read more]

My Personality Theorist Term Paper

… ¶ … Personality Theorist

Sigmund Freud's period of study alongside of French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot assisted him greatly in understanding more regarding the human mind. Charcot was at his apogee at the time when he met Freud and did not hesitate to present his apprentice with much of his personal work that involved research on hypnosis. Through studying the concept of hypnosis Freud discovered that it is possible for people's behavior to be influenced by the hypnotist's words. Charcot also introduced Freud into the study of hysteria, a malady that was generally considered to be characteristic to women until the time, and its ability to affect any individual regardless of gender.

Although the time he spent with Charcot influenced him greatly, he was determined to…. [read more]

Therapies Alternative Theoretical Approaches to Therapy Case Study

… Therapies

Alternative Theoretical Approaches to Therapy for Drug Abuse in a Female Latina Adolescent: A Case Study

Rosa, a fourteen-year-old adolescent female of Latina heritage who usually performed incredibly well academically and in her extracurricular activities, was observed to have slipping grades and reduced interest in her other activities by her parents. This led the eighth-grader's parents to administer a drug test under the care and advisement of a pediatrician, and Rosa tested positive for recent marijuana use. The pediatrician has recommended Rosa for outpatient treatment for this instance of drug abuse, and it is up to the counselor to determine the best therapeutic theories to apply to this situation given the information at hand. Two alternative theories are outlined here, with the strengths and…. [read more]

Personality Disorders and Drugs Term Paper

… Personality Disorders and Drug Disorders

One of the major problems facing social service providers is the fact that many clients experience multiple problems at one time. There is a particularly large amount of crossover between people with mental illness and addiction problems, because many mentally ill people attempt to self-medicate with drugs. Dealing with drug addiction and personality disorders at the same time can present its own particular set of problems, because active drug use needs to be ceased before one can determine whether medication is an appropriate intervention and the level of medication needed. However, the personality disorders can make a person more resistant to drug treatment; in fact, it may be almost impossible to treat someone's drug addiction without first addressing the underlying…. [read more]

Theories of Personality A2 Coursework

… ¶ … Personality

Each question only requires a 1 page answer and you can add the references right to that page. You don't have to do an additional page. All attachments are provided. Thank you These are all desperate pages not one big assignment.

Explain how you will cope with stress as a counselor. Be clear about what you feel will cause you the most stress as a counselor. Discuss how coping with stress is related to ethics. (Use 2 references only a page long)

As a counselor I would use the same techniques to cope with stress as the ones I would recommend to my clients, such as; relaxation exercises, cognitive restructuring, and seeking the advice of a professional. It is important for counselors…. [read more]

Borderline Personality Disorder the Following Research Report Research Paper

… Borderline Personality Disorder

The following research report focuses on a population at risk, those diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder. The report is offered in three sections. Part I provides an examination which looks at statistics related to the disorder. A definition of the disorder is given, with implicit defining characteristics of the population at risk. Causes are discussed with a relevant literature review. Social justice issues are looked at, with a discourse offered on factors of social oppression related to the population at risk. Part II discusses two courses of treatment with associated issues related to Borderline Personality Disorder, with an in-depth review of Mentalization therapy Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Part III discusses the political and social context of the issues relevant to the population at…. [read more]

Borderline Personality Disorder Definitions and Historical Foundations Term Paper

… Borderline Personality Disorder

Definitions and historical foundations

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM




Environmental Conditions

Neurological issues

Diagnoses and related issues


Psychopharmacological approaches

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy

Empirical support

Theoretical aspects of DBT

The dialectical model



This study is intended to present a clear overview of the characteristics, history, etiology, diagnosis and treatment of Borderline personality Disorder. This disorder has been the subject of much contention and debate over the years and has not only been difficult to define but also to diagnose due to its theoretical and practical proximity to other disorders. The advent of Lineham's Dialectical Behavioral Therapy however has provided a more structured and theoretically integrated approach and means of dealing with and treating Borderline…. [read more]

Theory Therapy Levy, Meehan, Kelly, Reynoso, Weber Research Proposal

… ¶ … Theory Therapy

Levy, Meehan, Kelly, Reynoso, Weber, Clarkin, & Kernberg have developed an empirical research work that begins with a comprehensive explanation of the various aspects of the work. Change in Attachment Patterns and Reflective Function in a Randomized Control Trial of Transference-Focused Psychotherapy for Borderline Personality Disorder the work defines the psychological disorder, borderline personality disorder (BPD). BPD is a highly prevalent, chronic, and debilitating psychiatric problem characterized by a pattern of chaotic and self-defeating interpersonal relationships, emotional lability, poor impulse control, angry outbursts, frequent suicidality, and self-mutilation (Skodol et al., 2002). (2006, p. 1028) the work also states that the prevalence of BPD is significant in the general population (@1-2%) and the psychiatric population (@11%) with a higher percentage in inpatient,…. [read more]

Personality and Personalities Term Paper

… Their impulsive behavior is often quite risky, including serious substance abuse, reckless driving or risky sex. They think of things and people as all good or all bad, and this opinion can shift rapidly from one to the other. Even when very angry at a person they remain emotionally attached to them. Their behavior with others is intrusive and does not recognize personal boundaries. Some people with this disorder respond well to therapy, but the therapeutic relationship can be difficult for the therapist because of the black/white thinking, which can extend to the therapist, and difficulties terminating the therapeutic relationship.

Histrionic personality disorder: is marked by high emotions and expansiveness. They want to be the center of attention. Their moods shift rapidly and in a…. [read more]

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