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Pharmacy Information Security Essay

… For instance, in case the pharmacy manages a website and the former is accessed by anyone due to inappropriate authorization procedures, then the website can be removed completely from the system, because of the risk it posses which includes the leaking of confidential information to unauthorized parties in the public. The risks are, therefore, removed, and this leaves an efficient system that will efficiently retain private information and deny access to non-operators (Flammini, 2012).

Controlling physical vulnerability and risk

Controls basically act as remedies for the risks associated with the pharmacy. There are many control strategies that need to be adopted by pharmacies to ensure security is enhanced, and that the risks are remarkably reduced if not faced out. One of the incentives is to…. [read more]

Pharmacy What Are the Most Difficult Challenge Term Paper

… Pharmacy

What are the most difficult challenge pharmacists will face in the future? What would you do to overcome this challenge? Why would you want to go to the two-year pharmacy school in California?

The central challenge of every pharmacist is to ensure that the correct medication for each and every patient who walks through the door of the pharmacy is dispensed in the appropriate manner, and that the patient leaves the pharmacy with the confidence that he or she is receiving quality care. With the increasingly bureaucratic nature of modern medicine, this mission of modern pharmacy has become more and more difficult.

Patients, depending on their health insurance plans, may be prescribed generic rather than brand name drugs, and not understand if these drugs…. [read more]

Pharmacy Profession My Family Essay

… ¶ … Pharmacy Profession

My family and I immigrated to the U.S. In 2007. To this day, I regard moving to America a turning point in my life -- it was like being ushered into a completely new life. I must admit that during the very first days of my life in this great nation, things were not as easy as I would have liked them to be. First, there was the culture shock and the difficult task of trying to fit in. However, my family and I were fortunate enough to have a family that helped us settle and establish a new life here. My roommates at the language school I attended were also particularly supportive. In addition to helping me in every way…. [read more]

Pharmacutical Industry Term Paper

… At present, the age demographic between 40-59 years has the highest rate of diabetes. "However, this age bracket is expected to shift to the age-group 60-79 years by 2030" (Global diabetes drugs market and diabetes services market, 2013, PR Web). The drug maker that can deliver the 'next new thing' in diabetes drug treatment is likely to profit greatly from this surge in diabetes, particularly if it can be tolerated by older patients.

Given that obesity is associated with increased risk of blood pressure, heart disease, and osteoarthritis, drugs which specifically treat all of these obesity-related conditions will grow more in demand. Finally, drugs which treat obesity itself are likely to become of greater interest. Drugs to treat obesity have been stubbornly difficult to develop,…. [read more]

Pharmacy Admission Admission Essay

… Pharmacy Application

The pharmacy program is known to be an intense program that requires the mastery of a great amount of information in a very short period of time. Additionally, the information being learned is of great importance and very specific, in that small errors can result in drastic consequences. I believe that the pharmacy program will provide great challenges with respect to time management, mastery of complex information, and memorization of important details. In order to meet these challenges I plan to make use of effective time management strategies, participate in group study activities and record the lectures I attend.

Time management is a catch phrase that refers to one's ability to properly structure their time so that all necessary tasks can be accomplished…. [read more]

Personal Statement I've Had a Life Tougher Term Paper

… Personal Statement

I've had a life tougher than most. A woman born and raised in Afghanistan, I have been a refuge more than once. In pre-Taliban Afghanistan, I eagerly finished high school with a clear and decisive career objective: to become a pharmacist. When I was still in grade school, I thrived in chemistry classes. Because of positive personal experiences with medicines and pharmaceuticals in general, I had no other dream than to pursue pharmacy as a career. Before the Taliban came to power, such a dream was realistic for a young woman, and I did not foresee that political situations might somehow prevent me from fulfilling my goal. I entered pharmacy school in Kabul, a freshman with eager eyes and an energetic heart on…. [read more]

Pharmacist.In This Case, Case Study

… ¶ … pharmacist."In this case, the pharmacist is faced with a moral and ethical dilemma of informing one Mr. Ramirez's (a congestive heart failure patient) doctor, the risks that he might be exposing himself to by his tendency/trend of increasing dosage of his medication while also consuming several packages of salted nuts. Such an increase of medication and ingestion of salt predisposes him patient to a cardiac arrest. The pharmacist could also attempt to explain to Mr. Ramirez the dangers he predisposes himself to.

A review of the case indicates that Mr. Ramirez is an octogenarian who suffers from congestive heart failure. He is however taking a lethal combination of prescription pills (on an increasing scale) and salted peanuts under the watchful eye of a…. [read more]

Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down Term Paper

… ¶ … Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down, teach us about how to face a complicated, troubling, and heart-rending set of circumstances and yet resist rushing to judgment, determining causes, finding fault, and solving problems before fully understanding how the primary participants see what is happening?

One of the most important things that the course readings teach is about forming judgment. Unless one is an officer of the law, one's judgment is really an opinion -- and, as such, is vulnerable to influence from one's own circumstances. Social anthropology acknowledges this effect on the conclusions drawn from situations.

Some of the circumstances that affect one's perception of the situation include one's own socioeconomic status. White American males are arguably some of the most powerful…. [read more]

Cholesterol & Hypercholesterolemia Treatment Thesis

… Those with abnormal levels (total cholesterol more than 200 mg/dL or HDL less than 40 mg/dL), will go on to have a test called fasting lipid profile (in which the person being tested refrains from eating for 8 to 12 hours, usually overnight, prior to the test) (Anderson et al., 2001). The fasting test will indicate whether or not total cholesterol levels fall within the normal range (between 140 and 200 mg/dL), are moderately high (between 200 and 240 mg/dL), or if they are in the very high range (240 mg/dL or greater) (Anderson et al., 2001). This blood test also reveals the levels of LDL, HDL, and triglycerides; according to guidelines released by the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP), the optimal level for LDL…. [read more]

Concise SWOT Analysis Nova Southeastern University College of Pharmacy Research Paper

… Owing to increased tightening of the pharmacist job market, students may increasingly see pharmacy as a less promising field in terms of employment prospects, consequently reducing enrolment into pharmacy schools.

An even more important threat relates to competition. Without a doubt, the NSU College of Pharmacy is not the only college that offers pharmacy education in Florida or the U.S. at large. In Florida, two colleges that have better rankings compared to the NSU College of Pharmacy are the University of Florida's College of Pharmacy and the Palm Beach Atlantic University's Lloyd Gregory School of Pharmacy. Overall, these two colleges perform better than the NSU College of Pharmacy in terms of accreditation status, gross points average (GPA), annual budget, student-faculty ratio, national licensing exam pass…. [read more]

Stress Management Stress Evaluation Thesis

… In the following sections, understanding of the dimensions and measures related to stress evaluation and intervention will be contextualized through the PSM. Further into this proposed study, all dimensions and measures uncovered in the literature review will be assessed and eventually interpreted through this model. That is, for this proposed study, the working theoretical framework and model would be anchored on the basic components and routes illustrated in the Psychological Stress Model.

Stress Evaluation -- Dimensions and Measures. Review of literature on stress evaluation per se yielded different dimensions and measures that attempt to determine this concept quantitatively. Moeini (2008) dimensionalized stress evaluation in terms of self-efficacy, positing that perceived self-efficacy is an indication of one's susceptibility to stress. Moeini's study's hypothesis suggests general self-efficacy…. [read more]

Admissions First Laid Eyes on the Physician Essay

… admissions first laid eyes on the Physician's Desk Reference when I volunteered at a pharmacy in Iran when I was in high school there. Although I was born in Norfolk, Virginia, my family and I moved to Iran when I was still a toddler and my formative years were spent there. My interest in pharmacy arose early in life. In fact, I had little doubt or confusion about what I wanted to pursue for a career. After I graduated high school and realized that the best educational opportunities would await me in the United States, I persuaded my parents to move back to America. My parents, who were concerned about my future and supportive of my dreams, sold their home and moved here. The shift…. [read more]

Personal Statement: Regarding My Future Term Paper

… It is the pharmacist's duty and ethical obligation to be sensitive to such natural uncertainties, and to be a teacher as well as a technician and scientist. A good scientist must bring patients into a state of better mental comfort and awareness of the patient's physiology and how the prescribed treatment may alleviate the patient's illness. Only by doing so can a pharmacist be certain that a drug treatment plan, particularly if self-administered by the patient at home, will prove efficacious. My own adjustment to the United States has taught me sensitivity, compassion and an awareness of the diversity of cultural attitudes towards drugs, healing and medicine.

My own cultural and linguistic background also provides me with unique additional competence for the pharmaceutical profession. In…. [read more]

Implementation of Electronic Medical Records in Healthcare Case Study

… ¶ … Electronic Medical Records in Healthcare

In the implementation of an electronic medical records system, a team must be designed and delegated with the task of guiding the implementation of the project. The team should comprise of representatives of each department in the organization in order to reduce their resistance to the change and also to create a two-way communication channel with other members of the organization. The team will also be charged with the responsibility of developing a strategic plan for the implementation which should be in line with the goals and objectives of the organization as well as its stated mission, vision and values. A phased approach was chosen for implementation in the organization in the case study and is also deemed…. [read more]

Economics of the Pharmaceutical Industry Thesis

… Economics of the Pharmaceutical Industry

The pharmaceutical industry is highly complex and segmented. The costs for bringing a new product idea to the market are high. It is a long process that is heavily influenced by government regulation, the need for patent protection, and the risks associated with failure. The failure rate is high, making this one of the most volatile industries in the world. In order to survive and thrive, many companies have resulted to vertical integration as the key to survival. This model has benefits for both the larger acquiring company and for the smaller company in terms of survival.

The Economics of the Pharmaceutical Industry

The pharmaceutical industry is the heart of the healthcare system. Pharmaceuticals are necessary, sometimes as necessary as…. [read more]

Rural vs. Urban Health Care Disparities Dissertation

… Health Care Disparity in Maryland

Context of the Problem

Unsettling Disparities Occur

Approximately 1,600,000 individuals who live in Maryland either do not have access to healthcare as they cannot afford insurance and/or are underinsured.

In "Health care reform: a vital issue for Maryland's nurses," Anne S. Kasper and Leni Preston (2008) stress this unsettling fact, as they point out that Maryland ranks number 24 in the United States in the number of uninsured residents. Fifteen percent of Maryland's population, almost 800,000 people, in fact, is not insured. The significance of the fact relating to those who do not have access to healthcare, Kasper, and Preston (2008) assert, increases as this magnificent number of individuals without access to healthcare does…. [read more]

Medical Ethics Is a Topic Essay

… Since its development, it has undergone a series of amendments in 1968, 1983 and 1994. (Elsayed & Ahmed, Medical Ethics, 2009)

As people around the world come into more contact, knowledge exchanges and medical ethics morphs. The relativity of culture and ethics becomes more clear because of international communication, which likely includes battling with imaginable ethical situations.

Ethics in medicine protects patients and health care professionals. Until recently, physicians generally considered themselves accountable only to themselves, to their colleagues in the medical profession and, for religious believers, to God. In the modern, international medical community, physicians are accountable to many more parties -- to their patients, to third parties such as hospitals and managed healthcare organizations, to medical licensing and regulatory authorities, and often to…. [read more]

Electronic Health Records (EHR) -- Pharmacy Marketing Case Study

… Electronic Health Records (EHR) -- Pharmacy

Marketing Case Study

For confidentiality purposes, the name of this company has been withheld. In this report, it will be referred to as Tester Tech, Inc. (TTI).

Tester Tech, Inc. (TTI) has been in business for five years, and in that time has established a strong position in the computer/video game industry as an outsource provider of game testing services. Before being released to market, video and computer games (just like any software) undergoes rigorous quality assurance and testing to ensure that it operates correctly. Many game makers are in the practice of outsourcing this testing process to companies that specialize in the critical, yet often exacting and repetitive, work of running tests. As one of these outsource test…. [read more]

Healthcare Industry Marketing Why Is it Difficult Case Study

… Healthcare Industry Marketing

Why is it difficult for marketing concepts and strategies that are commonly used in other industries to "penetrate" the healthcare industry?

There are a variety of factors that inhibit the acceptance of the more common marketing concepts and strategies that are so prevalent in other industries. The most critical is the trust consumers have in healthcare providers based on gaps between expectations and experiences they have had in the past (Lee-Wingate, Xie, 2010). Healthcare providers, as much as they aspire to be trusted advisors of the companies they work to serve, often failed to completely understand who is the customer in their value chain and what their role is in serving them according to recent studies completed on healthcare management systems and…. [read more]

Health Immunizing Your Baby Research Paper

… Inherent in these discussions is the issue of whether or not all lives are of equal value, and evenly deserving of opportunities to be protected by vaccination (Ethical Issues and Vaccines, 2011).


There is no denying the fact that vaccines have been a good thing over the years. There are many deadly diseases that our ancestors had to fear that today are not given a second thought. On the other side of the coin there have been some studies that have claimed to find a link between these vaccinations and other disorders like autism. In the end parents must educated themselves in order to make sure that they make the right decision when it comes to immunizing their children. In a study done by…. [read more]

Out of Trend Results Term Paper

… ¶ … Alasandro, Mark; James Bergam; Laura Faust, Marianne Gorko et al. (2003, April).

Identification of Out-of-Trend stability results: A review of the potential regulatory issue and various approaches. Pharmaceutical Technology.

Retrieved June 21, 2010 at

Out-of-trend results (OOT) are an important topic both for political and economic reasons in the pharmaceutical industry: they can affect how a drug is prescribed, administered, and regulated. Simply stated, an OOT is a statistical result about a drug that falls outside of expected parameters. A pharmaceutical company might attempt to establish an expiration date for a new medication, but an OOT result testing for drug efficacy can complicate setting such standards. Ideally, when reviewing statistical information, an alarm is sounded only when needed, and the risk of…. [read more]

Japanese-American Biopharmaceutical Industry Term Paper

… The objective of such harmonization is a more economical use of human, animal and material resources and the elimination of any unnecessary delays in the global development and availability of new pharmaceuticals while maintaining safeguards on quality, safety and efficacy, and sustaining regulatory obligations to protect public health. This mission is embodied in the Terms of Reference of the ICH.

Limitations and Delimitations

This problem is limited by the extent to which the United States and Japan choose to continue to permit the extensive interval of time from which pharmaceuticals are available in the United States to when they are available in Japan.

This problem is delimited by the extent to which the United States and Japan choose to cooperate in reducing or eliminating the…. [read more]

Ethics and Public Health Policies Essay

… This theory has little impact on whether people should be compelled to give their children vaccinations. It does, however, impact whether people who cannot afford vaccinations are given access to free or reduced-cost vaccinations. Current vaccination policy provides access to reduced-cost or free vaccinations for impoverished or low-income children. However, whether this is due to distributive justice or because the failure to do so would weaken the effectiveness of overall vaccination policy is not clear.


Paternalism refers to the "obligation to secure the best interests of others, even if against their wishes" (Anonymous, 2011). While the paternalistic perspective is very controversial in areas where the behavior in question only impacts the person engaging in the behavior, such as in the area of sin taxes,…. [read more]

Imagery Literature Review Guided Imagery and Pain Literature Review

… ¶ … Imagery Literature Review

Guided Imagery and Pain Management

Ferrell, Betty R., et al. "Pain management for elderly patients with cancer at home." CANCER-PHILADELPHIA- 74 (1994): 2139-2139.

The first study to be examined in this review was conducted by Ferrell and regards pain management techniques in elderly cancer patients who are living in a home environment. Here, the theory is that pain management is a great and noninvasive technique for managing severe levels of pain that cannot be cured through traditional methods. It can be seen as an alternative to overmedication, which can decrease the quality of the patient's live in his or her remaining days. Elderly patients have a particularly hard time recovering from more invasive pain management strategies, and thus this population…. [read more]

Ahead it Curve Essay

… A top level design for SOA is stated at Exhibit -- I. (Glaser; Halvorson; Ford; Heffner; Kastor, 2007)

The topmost layer provides the web services interfaces. The bottom layer is for healthcare services. The services coordination within the middle layer is responsible for message flow in the system from the web services interfaces to the healthcare services to and fro. The present e-Healthcare system looks at relationship between patients, doctors, nurses and pharmacists. The system has in-built modularity to upscale it to cover other healthcare facilities and professionals like laboratory techniques are responsible for performing and reporting tests and detailed analysis statements ordered by doctors. Active exploration is on to examine whether clinic and pharmacy module are able to be interfaced to applications given by…. [read more]

Technological Solutions Health Economics Questions Term Paper

… It is not uncommon for pharmacies to offer antibiotics and flu shots for free. As price decreases, demand goes up. (Lower cost flu shots and expanded coverage of flu shots is one reason why there have been shortages of the inoculation in recent years). It is also fairly easy to measure the efficacy of such subsidies to justify them from year to year, if rates of illness go down. However, there are problems with such strategies. They do not address chronic issues that give rise to ill health which can be detected with comprehensive wellness exams which the working poor may not be able to afford if they do not have insurance. Antibiotics may actually be over-consumed because people assume that they need one every…. [read more]

Market Orientation of Medical Diagnostic Term Paper

… Services at the HHS, MDU's are not planning to be eliminated, but to be more efficient through improved discharge planning, more efficient ways to canalize patient, increase training and skills and more effective clinical and technological test taking of patients. The MDU used as a sample for this research project has an acceptance of approximately 3588 patients a year in the Echocardiography laboratory, 37856 patient for Electrocardiography, 1633 for Holter Monitoring, 2839 for Stress Test, and a 16,102 per year for diversity of cardiac and related non-cardiac diagnostic technologic tests. Having a total of 62018 tests at this particular Unit.

The four units at the corporation have approximately 167,489 invasive and non- invasive cardiovascular tests (including a small number of neurology test) done a year.…. [read more]

Staphylococcus Aureus Is a Type of Bacteria Essay

… Staphylococcus aureus is a type of bacteria that normally resides in or on humans. It is most often diagnosed by obtaining a culture from the areas suspected of infection. The proper method to identify S. aureus is through clinical isolation (Sewell, 2002, p. 1077), using such methods as microscope, colony morphology, and other tests (Rowlinson et al., 2006, 857). One method of growing S. aureus in laboratory, as demonstrated in an experiment, is by using Difco Antibiotic medium III at 37° C. with shaking (Koch et al., 1984, p. 358). What is most important for the growth of the bacteria is the level of temperature which has been demonstrated to interfere with the process (Joyce et al., 1970, p. 323). But what raises concerns nowadays…. [read more]

Translating Evidence Into Practice Research Paper

… Nursing Research

PICO Question -- Are Guided Imagery techniques effective in the management of pain?

The objective of this research study was to investigate the effects guided imagery sessions have on the management of pain. Nursing theory is both carative and pushing towards increased advocacy for the patient. Guided imagery is controversial, but the idea of using this as a relaxation technique within a nursing environment is quite common. Nurses, however, are beginning to use GI to assist in pain management, to promote relaxation, to accelerate wound healing, and to diminish depression.

Pain is quite individualized. Some people can tolerate extreme pain, for others, slight pain is agonizing. This is particularly frustrating in the post-surgical wards in which patients have a rather large continuum of…. [read more]

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