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Political and Economic Prospects for the Third World Research Paper

… Political and Economic Prospects for Pakistan and Syria

Main Elements of political prospects of Pakistan and Syria

General comparison: Syria and Pakistan

Level of political stability

Level of economic prosperity

Role played by history

Other intervening factors

Commonalities and differences between Syria and Pakistan

Political and Economic Prospects for Pakistan and Syria

The political and economic prospects for third world countries like Pakistan and Syria are neither encouraging nor can be called dysfunctional. As in case of majority of the third world countries, both Syria and Pakistan are two of the most troublesome states not only for their neighboring countries but for the regional and international stability as well. While extended authoritarian rule of Hafez al-Assad crippled the free economy of Syria, so did the…. [read more]


Economics Essay

… The theory rests on the idea that specialization will allow nations to be more efficient in their production. The sum total of global production will increase if nations undertake some specialization and trade with one another. The simple examples are two country, two product models. Country A in a year can produce 100 bags of potatoes and 50 chickens. Country B. can produce 60 bags of potatoes and 40 chickens. The concept of opportunity cost is then introduced to the model. Country A can outproduce Country B. On both products -- it has competitive advantage in each. But if Country A focuses on potatoes, it can then produce 200 bags of potatoes. Country B. produces 80 chickens when it specializes in chickens. If they each…. [read more]


Economic Crisis Policies US Current Research Paper

… S. money market back to its operations by assuming that U.S. financial system had enough liquidity to expand the market operations. Fed Reserve accepted the less credit worthy securities as collateral and held safe U.S. treasuries to keep the money supply constant. These were later termed as "toxic waste removal" policies.

Fed Reserve introduces another set of program by taking over multinational insurance company American International Group (AIG) on September 2008. This program was implemented through option of purchasing asset backed commercial paper from money market mutual funds. This policy was termed as Quantitative easing by Bernake.

Discussion

First the U.S. economic crisis was only of real estate and later on it developed into global financial crisis. If it is to be judged that Fed…. [read more]


Economic Crisis the Revelation Research Paper

… 25%. The attraction for the prospect non-prime buyers evicted from the market perhaps during the first half of the year 2006, the Mortgage Bankers Association discovered the value, and total number, of subprime mortgages that had now gone down 30% on the second half of 2005

4: the fourth that contributed to the bubble burst was the adversity that, as personal saving from disposable income reached up to the level below zero, fewer households had the requisite finance to support increases in debt and the standard of livings of the residents.

The ever expanding consequences of the bubble burst that funneled down to the household of U.S. And ultimately the senate and state. Giving the strong evidence the senate the William Black asserted (Johnson, 2010):…. [read more]


Middle Way Quiet Revolution Caste System Modernization Political Diversity Major Trends Essay

… ¶ … Economic systems are quite complex and, despite purist theory, rarely work in the ways that the original theorist intended due to the individual nature, needs, and traditions of human beings. For years, Soviet planners were confounded with the idea of rapidly developing their system (which was admittedly feudal) with socialism, but allowing some elements of capitalism in (free market). Similarly, Chinese Communist planners knew that in order to unify the country in a single direction, and move from an agrarian economy, they would need to first build a centralized structure, and then loosen it.

In both systems the patterns were quite similar. First, the State dismantled any private ownership and replaced it with State owned industry, manufacturing, production, and distribution. While the two…. [read more]


Economics While the U.S Essay

… The same can be said for monetary policy -- this must be kept loose until the economic recovery gains real traction. This means keeping interest rates low until genuine inflationary pressure emerges.

Going forward, Australia points to a valuable lesson about banking industry regulation. The stimulus was low because there was no political capital for a bigger one; this is because hundreds of billions were spent bailing out the banks. Tighter regulation like that in Australia would negate the need for bank bailouts, leaving more political and financial capital on the table for the economy as a whole. Additionally, addressing long-term budget issues such as health care costs will free up more capital for stimulus when needed. China had no trouble pumping money back into…. [read more]


Trade Issues in Economic Development Term Paper

… Trade Issues in Economic Development

This report attempts to present insights into trade issues as they relate to economic development, globalization and developing countries. Today, globalization and world trade are being spurred on by new advances in technology, finance and social understanding. Consider the new advantages of our global banking system. Today banks have the capabilities to move billions of dollars to any locale in the world in mere milliseconds. Our oceans are traversed by multi-level cargo container ships and super oil tankers in weeks as opposed to months. If they are not fast enough, the option of flying a cargo plane to any point in the world is just a satellite or cell phone call away.

Our highly competitive and globally centered market place…. [read more]


Canada's Economic Goals Are: Political Essay

… S. were climbing out of the recession, that this posed positive news for Canada, and that he saw a challenging but optimistic future for Canada ahead of time ("Europe is 'fragile but fixable'"; Montreal Gazette). It is interesting how media can slant perspective depending on what they wish to select. Similarly, too, is it interesting to note fluctuations in opinion.

3. Canada tops 'the land of the free' in economic freedom. (Sept. 21. 2011) QMI Agency. http://www.lfpress.com/money/2011/09/21/18717836.html

Whilst Canada may be falling in economic growth, price stability, full employment objectives, reducing national debt and decreasing gap between advantaged and disadvantaged populations, it does seem, at least to be achieving one of its economic goals according to the Fraser Institute (September, 21, 2011). Canada aims for…. [read more]


Traditional, Neoclassical School of Economic Term Paper

… Three, the creation of one urban job causes the loss of more than one rural job. Because the potential urban wage for an individual is significantly higher than for the rural wage for the same individual, it will be worthwhile for multiple rural workers to take their chances on finding a better paying urban job. Providing improved education opportunities and governmental encouragement of urban job creation makes the urban unemployment situation worse.

Question 3:

The role of women has been changing due to the connection between women's roles and various problems in many developing countries. Economic development and the evolving role of women have played a part in economic development. To evaluate the affect of women's roles it is necessary to define the method for…. [read more]


Phd Proposal Economic Development ICT and Poverty Reduction Term Paper

… ¶ … Economic Development, ICT and Poverty Reduction in Ethiopia

The objective of this work is to propose a research study on the link between economic development, information and communication technology (ICT) and poverty reduction, and specifically in the country of Ethiopia.

Every nation has embarked on economic development and usages of information and communication technology in socio-economic, health, education, and many other areas as well. This work seeks to research the existing indications that countries such as Ethiopia might not have an effective ICT policy thereby barring or hindering the development hoped for through ICT. India has effectively set out policy framework that supports the development of ICT. Specifically the country of Ethiopia is stated to have ranked "...158 out of 12 in the…. [read more]


World Economics Term Paper

… Afghanistan Economy

The future of economic growth in Afghanistan is based soundly upon meeting several important prerequisites for economic growth.

Years of political instability and warfare left Afghanistan with an economy that was essentially in tatters. This paper will provide a review of thought statistical background of Afghanistan's economy, and describe Afghanistan's prospects for economic growth in the past decade and today. Today, realistic expectations for future economic growth in Afghanistan are based upon both the influx of foreign aid, and the ability of the country to meet prerequisites for economic growth which include political stability, infrastructure, health and education, good governance, and effective monetary policy.

Prerequisites for Economic Growth

There a number of important prerequisites for economic growth in any developing country (Parliamentary Assembly…. [read more]


Prospects for Madagascar - Breaking the Bonds Term Paper

… ¶ … Prospects for Madagascar - BREAKING the BONDS of POVERTY

Dependency Theory vs. Modernization Theory

The Modernization Theory states that a country must first industrialize if it must become modern (Juanico 1999). Based on their experience, rich countries, which advocate the theory, believe that they owe their riches today to the concept. They perceive modernity as bringing the blessings of progress in human life. They interpret the inability of Third-World countries to modernize as fast they can, according to their own experience. Modern societies are secular. This means that their social, political, and economic values are separate from religion. Their agrarian society is converted into an urban community. People in modern or modernistic countries or societies rely on reason to tame and transform nature.…. [read more]


Role of Private Investment on Economic Development in Iraq Literature Review Chapter

… Role of Private Investment on Economic Development in Iraq

Private investment in developing countries

An overview on early Empirical studies

In 1980s, the developing countries encountered some increment in their development behaviours with debt crisis, which affected the formation of capital. Concurrently, the affected countries were transforming from the post-era to a structural reform efforts. In mid 1980s, the developing countries adopted the reform programs within the new paradigms (Serven&Salimano, 1993) & (Jaspersen, Aylward&Sumlinski, 1970). Consequently, this led to the formation of environmental private sector that highly relied on the existing market. The formation and implementation of the new policies affected the availability of response to the private investments. The debt crisis lowered the private investments within the developing countries and this disheartened them. The…. [read more]


Shareholder Capitalism as a Model Research Paper

… The opportunity to easily remove equity made a wealth effect-driven increase in consumer consumption, raising housing as well as retail sectors whilst producing increasingly risky amounts of household bill (Greenspan and Kennedy 2008). As soon as house costs inescapably corrected course, countless homeowners saw themselves owing much more on their house than it had been worth, as well as mortgage non-payments made a cascading financial shrinkage that rapidly dispersed all over the world. At this moment, approximately one mortgage in 4 in the U.S.A. is underwater (i.e., a home is worth lower than the total amount left over the loan)-a figure likely to rise in the near future (Davis, 2010).

The flooding of this real estate bubble as well as its attendant after-effects revealed the…. [read more]


Slow USA Econ Recovery Chapter IV Term Paper

… Slow USA Econ Recovery

Chapter IV -- Summary

Chapter V -- Recommendations

There has always been a disharmony between economic theory and economic reality as it relates to the actions execute to stimulate and sustain economic growth. Whether it be Keynesian actions or actions more tailored towards the supply-side argument, there is not always a smooth translation between economic practice and the ensuing results. At the very least there is always a lag and it is sometimes hard to decipher where action "A" truly led to result "B" and/or whether it even inhibited it.

This line of thought has become even more poignant and clearer through situations like the economic recovery in the United States after the so-called "Great Recession" that ran from 2007 to…. [read more]


George Magnus Is a Leading Term Paper

… Even though, the crisis in 2008 didn't led to a collapse of the capitalism. The way Marx analyzed the misunderstandings between the labor and capital and it causing political and economical unrest politically. Where Smith was sure that public institutions were necessary to good working economy, Magnus didn't agree with notion. As mentioned earlier, Magnus is more inclined towards Marx's economist theories as opposed to Smiths. In his opinion, the economic crisis of 2008 revealed due to the environment created in different economies simultaneously. The house hold debt to GDP augmented and kept on increasing.

The theories and works of Magnus are strongly affected by and are somewhat in favor of Marx's work as well. Just as Marx pointed out, there would be conflict between…. [read more]


Disrupting America's Economic System Term Paper

… The U.S. Treasury, led by Andrew Shaw, subsidized these gold flows by offering to temporarily place public deposits in banks if they imported gold from abroad.

The policy lowered the gold import point by offsetting the interest lost while gold was in transit. Goodhart [1969], however, notes that the gold import point was often low enough to have justified specie inflows without the subsidy. In the fixed exchange rate world of 1906, such large gold outflows were a significant threat to a country's ability to maintain the par value of its currency, which, for the pound sterling, was $4.867.

Faced with its lowest ratio of reserves to deposits since the 1893 crisis, the Bank of England nearly doubled its discount rate, from 3 1/2% on…. [read more]


Kenyan Reform Policy Successful? Term Paper

… The production of food crops such as maize, potatoes, and beans went on a decline. Horticultural product exports on the other hand increased by 18 per cent compared to the previous year. During the same year, tea and coffee exports rose by 7.7 per cent and 5.2 per cent respectively making Kenya for the first time the world's leading tea exporter. (Kenyaweb.com, 2001)

Construction

Adverse economic conditions prevailing in the country hampered the growth of this sector in 1992. This trend of slow growth continued in 1994 due to lack of adequate funds for public projects. Employment in this sector rose from 21,000 people in 1993 to 26,000 people in 1994. Slowdown in economic activities in the domestic economy and lack of adequate funds for…. [read more]


Foreign Policy of China (Beijing Thesis

… But just as China (Beijing consensus)'s economic and military power does not yet match that of the United States, China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power still has a long way to go as demonstrated by a Chicago Council on Global Affairs poll. China (Beijing consensus) does not have cultural industries like Hollywood, and its universities are not yet the equal of the United States. It lacks the many non-governmental organizations that generate much of U.S. soft power. Politically, China (Beijing consensus) suffers from corruption, inequality, and a lack of democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. While that may make the "Beijing consensus" attractive in authoritarian and semi-authoritarian developing countries, it undercuts China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power in the West. Although China (Beijing consensus)'s new…. [read more]


Origins, History of the IMF Term Paper

… SRF: Supplemental Reserve Facility loans are to be repaid within a year and a half, and there is a substantial surcharge of 3-5 percentage points.

CCL: This is under the same repayment criteria as SRF, but the surcharge is less (1.5 to 3.5 percentage points).

CFF: This type of loan was designed to help a country experiencing a very sudden "shortfall" in export earnings (caused by world commodity fluctuations), and the financial terms match those of the SBA (except CCF loans have no surcharge).

In the event of a nation suffering a natural disaster like an earthquake, flood, typhoon, or other calamities, or for a country just emerging from war, the IMF provides "Emergency Assistance" loans. They are subject to the basic rate of charge,…. [read more]


International Business Environment Ireland Thesis

… International Business Environment

Ireland was one of the poorest countries in European Union (EU) two decades ago (Berry, 2001). In 2004, the country has been rated as the best place to live in the world by the Economist Magazine as a result of a "quality of life" survey, adding that Ireland wins because it successfully combines the most desirable elements of the new, such as low unemployment and political liberties, with the preservation of certain cozy elements of the old, such as stable family and community life" (BBC news channel, 2004).

The country has used foreign direct investment as a strategic tool to foster development so well that it can be said that it wrote the best practices in this area. Currently FDI accounts for…. [read more]


EU Enlargement and Economic Growth in the New Member Research Paper

… ¶ … 1979, the European Monetary System (EMS) was established to stabilize exchange rates between the participating European countries. After a decade, the Single European Act of 1987 was set to pave the way for a single European market and for a monetary union, known as European Monetary Union (EMU). The Maastricht Treaty, which was signed on February 7, 1992, and came into effect on November 1, 1993. Subsequently, European Union was established. Further, on January 1, 1994, the European monetary institute was established in Frankfurt to lay the groundwork and rules for the European Systems of Central Banks, which is responsible for the general oversight of the preparation of EMU. The European Union (EU) was established with the commitment of economic and monetary union…. [read more]


Organization Behavior the Economic Implication Research Proposal

… Reason being, the oil, petroleum, and mining industry will have to boost up their operations in order to match the supply and demand requirements in their own country as well as in the international community. Therefore, they will create more jobs for both skillful and unskilled labor from Takoradi community, Ghana, and the whole African region (Vision Africa Gold Inter-nation Communication Limited 2011).

3. Capital and Investment:

The oil discovery will also help the Ghanaian Government to attract potential investors from all over the world. The oil sector will create attractive investment opportunities in Takoradi and the whole Ghana region for a wide range of businesses that are directly or indirectly related to energy sector (United States Non-Governmental Delegation Report 1999). For example, there are…. [read more]


Greece's Debt Crisis Causes and Solutions Essay

… GREECE'S DEBT CRISIS: CAUSES and SOLUTIONS

The current crisis that surrounds the Greek economy has been the first ordeal that has been felt in the market of Eurozone area. Such conception is certain to draw attention on academic research on the causes, impacts and solutions that Greek government has undertaken to mitigate the adversity of the situation. However, as the events, both economic and political are still recounting, though it may be imperfect, they are vital in determining the solutions to the predicaments. The paper outlines the recent upheavals of the prices' behavior and the Greek debt yield. It also provides valuable information that will enable the Greek government and European Union to articulate in an attempt to realize informed decision (Calomiris, 2010). For instance,…. [read more]


Sarbanes-oxley. The Political Pressure Term Paper

… And last of all, the Securities and Exchange Commission was established.

The law was often referred to as the "truth in securities" law. According to the SEC's web site, the Securities Act of 1933 has two basic objectives:

require that investors receive financial and other significant information concerning securities being offered for public sale; and prohibit deceit, misrepresentations, and other fraud in the sale of securities.

This act was partly authored, ironically, by Joseph Kennedy, who was considered an expert in that he had made much of his money illegitimately through the sale of liquor. Although regulation enjoyed broad-based support, it had its opponents. The most prominent among them was the president of the New York Stock Exchange. However, he was soon silenced when it…. [read more]


Future of the U.S. Economy Research Paper

… These changes will be fueled by the underlying economic factors and policies as well as attempts to improve the country's economic conditions. The average probability of the above three scenarios to take place in America's economy is 33.3% because of the differences in the probability of each scenario to occur. One of the major factors that will have significant effects in the probability of these scenarios to happen is economic policies by the Obama Administration. Generally, policy decisions have significant impacts on the country's budget outlook and economic conditions. These predictions are made on assumptions that Barak Obama's economic policies would remain the same over the next year.

In conclusion, the United States economy continues to experience relatively slow economic growth as it recovers from…. [read more]


Political Stability and National Security Research Paper

… Establish the relationship between political stability and national security.

Examine the implications of political stability on national security in Nigeria.

Identify the challenges and prospects associated with political stability and national security in Nigeria.

Proffer strategies that can be adopted to ensure political stability strengthens national security in Nigeria.

Significance of the study

This study will be useful to the political class at federal, state and local government levels in formulating policies that will help in steering the conduct of governance. It will also be useful to various government functionaries in the executive, legislative and judicial arms of government in enacting laws that could promote political stability in order to enhance national security. Furthermore, it will be relevant to Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) like National…. [read more]


Economic Strategies in the Middle East What Emerging Strategy Is Winning Term Paper

… Economic Strategies in the Middle East: What Emerging Strategy Is Winning?

This paper analyzes the drivers of economic growth in five Middle Eastern countries: Israel, Qatar, Dubai, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Despite the disparate nature of their economic and political strategies, all five countries are enjoying significant growth.

The strategies for growth are analyzed according to a set of indicators which indicate the future trajectory of these countries' growth rates, and the sources for this economic growth.

The paper concludes that four of the five countries will continue to enjoy significant growth rates. Saudi Arabia, however, will continue to struggle despite high demand and high prices for its primary extractive resources.

As knowledge-based industries and political stability grow in the other four countries, they should…. [read more]


Nation Examined Term Paper

… Economic Growth of Japan

Cross Cultural Perspectives

Ms. Emily Archer

Economic Growth of Japan

Japan boasts one of the strongest economies in the world. In terms of capacity, Japan's economy ranks third after the United States and China. Extensive emphasis on the technology, which acts as one of the strongest resources of the country, has thrust Japan into a world economic power. The emphasis on technology has helped Japan become one of the greatest automobile manufacturing countries. Although recently challenged by the emerging electronic and automobile technologies of Korea, Japan's highly successful electronics industry focuses on the cameras, computers, music and video-related products. International trade relations have contributed significantly to the development of the country's GDP. Japan's powerhouse economic engines -- and its people --…. [read more]


Political Ideologies Term Paper

… Political Ideologies

If we look at Socialism, first of all, the first main think that should be noted in relation to its perception of equality is the fact that the concept of equality came from the basic perception that the industrial revolution had given way to social relations in which owners and the bourgeoisie suppressed the working class. In this sense, Socialist theoreticians promoted equality as an alternative society in which the proletariat would revolt against bourgeoisie oppression and revolt against the capitalist owners.

In its very basic form, Socialism encouraged the eradication of all property as a direct mechanism to initiate complete social equality. This meant that all property would have been commonly owned by all individuals in the society. While modern Socialism pulled…. [read more]

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