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Portrait of a Lady and the Objectification of Character Term Paper

… Portrait of a Lady and the Objectification of Character

This story begins with the main character in the book, Isabel arriving at Gardencourt from America. Ralph, another main character in this book realizes that Isabel is destitute and talks his father into leaving Isabel some of his fortune in the amount of 70,000 pounds. This however, only begins the troubles for Isabel. Madame Merle, a wealthy woman herself sees that she can benefit from Isabel's money and introduces Isabel to Osmond.

Statement of Thesis

Isabel, a bright young woman with ideas of her own and unfortunately having inherited a great sum, becomes an object or a thing in the work entitled "Portrait of a Lady" and at the workings of others becomes endangered of losing…. [read more]

Portrait of the Artist Essay

… Separation of church and state is an established part of the governance of many countries but still those in positions of religious authority try to influence the political positions of their parishioners and this violation of their position is what Joyce is most angry about. Other characters like Dante feel that it is acceptable for the priest to do this because the religious shapes the morals and from there the legislation of a people because everything goes back to God.

As an adult, Stephen has decided that he is no longer interested in becoming part of the Catholic Church. He has become disenfranchised with the religious world as he has with most established authorities in the world. Joyce writes of Stephen, "On Sunday mornings as…. [read more]

Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man Essay

… Portrait of Artist

Although told from the perspective of a young white male, Joyce Joyce's Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man is based on feminist principles. Dedalus actively breaks free from the confines of restrictive social norms, including those related to sexuality and sexual identity. The structure of the novel is itself liberating and liberalizing: a stream of consciousness that is a far cry from the rigid, linear hierarchies of patriarchy. At the same time, Joyce's novel also conforms to gender stereotypes. For example, Dedalus idolizes and romanticizes female beauty. His childhood socialization was strongly gender segregated as he recalls how "the wide playgrounds were swarming with boys," (chapter 1). Dedalus's internalizations of his parents' voices also highlight the strict gender norms that…. [read more]

Study of a Major Irish Author James Joyce Essay

… Joyce

Gender plays a prominent role in the fiction of James Joyce, especially with regards to the protagonists' identity construction and deconstruction. As Sheldon puts it, "the action of Joycean narrative shows masculinity being overwhelmed by femininity to open up alternative possibilities," (457). These alternative possibilities are not gender bending nor are they transsexual. However, the alternative possibilities are related to the subversion of social norms related to sexuality and gender. Central characters in Joycean narratives are not necessarily androgynous and yet they fuse elements of male and female identity and sexuality. In fact, gender ambiguity parallels Joyce's unconventional plot structures and narrative formats. "The equivocality of Joyce's plots participates in the same bifurcation that permeates his genders," (Sheldon 457). Genders and plots are more…. [read more]

James Joyce, Portrait Essay

… ..mind and body," "aware of nothing that is in the world" give the reader a feeling of man's happenstance with the spiritual world. Joyce appears to be giving this situation as the first main sin that Stephen generates in a long sequence of perturbing carnal living that he goes through during the course of the novel (noticing the beauty of the woman who lies out on the beach) and therefore produces it as an epiphany to contribute the reader the feeling that Stephen is slowly starting to realize what the world has to compromise against what the church has to bring.

This sounds very familiar with the prodigal son in the bible who also turned away from God for a season very much like Stephen.…. [read more]

Post-Impressionist Artists Were Interested Term Paper

… " (Noa, p. 28) Whether he saw himself as following a cultural destiny - the European raping the virgin land - or working off a purely personal frustration, we cannot know. Nietzsche had written about an apocalyptic event for which the ubermensch needed to prepare; perhaps, Gauguin, far away from societal pressures, was attempting to precipitate his own apocalypse. The notion of a crisis born of blood and self-mutilation relates to the masochism that had been experienced in European religious tradition as a symptom of repressed sexuality, for example, the practices of flagellation and stigmatization. It would seem less than healthy that Gauguin chose to brutalize and destroy Tahiti, rather than to celebrate its abundance.

His relations with the natives are also problematic. He seems…. [read more]

Portrait of the Artist Term Paper

… He is becoming conscious of social etiquette and standards of behavior, especially those he will need in order to fit in at Clongowes. Stephen's young personality struggles to reconcile the known comforts of his parents and home with the harsher reality of Catholic School.

Because Stephen is acutely uncomfortable at school, he constantly dreams about returning home for the Christmas break. However, when he does return home he is surprised by the discordant conversations and events that take place. While at school he develops an immature awareness of the geo-political world. Studying geography reminds him of the enormity of the universe and this catapults young Stephen into thoughts of God, which make him feel exhausted. Plus, "it pained him that he did not know well…. [read more]

Symbolism in a Portrait Essay

… Birds may be the most important symbol in the novel because they symbolize the unknown. The mysterious bird-girl stands "midstream, along and still, gazing out to the sea" (171) and she signifies the two very different worlds of religion and his art. Stephen now looks upon his friends in their "pitiable nakedness' (Joyce 168) and their chatter "flattered mild proud sovereignty" (168). Stephen finally reverses the hierarchy of the playground and his imagination gives him power to rise above the childlike chatter and realize his place in the world. The bird-girl forces Stephen to see this and when it becomes real to him, he is "swooning into some new world, fantastic, dim, uncertain as undersea, traversed by cloudy shapes and beings" (Joyce 172). The bird…. [read more]

concise Analysis of The Last Supper a painting by Leonardo da Vinci Research Paper

… Drawings at Windsor Castle by Kenneth Clark (1937) brought to being a first comprehensive peek into the huge complexity of the figurative world of Leonardo. With lucid and terse English, he focused on myriad details. In the 1965-second edition, which was jointly produced with Pedretti, there emerged a serious shot at chronological succession and development. In the 1970s, came a sequence of studies that demonstrated those which appeared to be admired drawings. In actual sense, they were precise visuals of the landscapes of Italy. Progressively, Leonardo's image as an idealized artist led to the introduction of a Renaissance edition of him, which showed that he recorded nature (cited in Veltman 383).

Two eras of historians of art gave deeper meaning to the upcoming image of…. [read more]

Romney and Raphael the Portrait Term Paper

… Both are painted in oils, and they are even of a roughly similar size, both being approximately 3 feet tall by 2 feet in width. If we look a little deeper we can find further relationships between the two. Both artists were clearly setting out in these works to create pictures of women that emphasized their physical attractiveness (from a male point-of-view, and both artists were, of course, men). There is a similar visual vocabulary of physical/sexual allure in each picture: large eyes, full lips, smooth skin, finely contoured oval face, straight nose, long neck, full bosom. The nudity of the Raphael allows for a fuller display of the subject's bodily attractions, but Romney's Emma, although clothed, is represented in a powerfully alluring way, with…. [read more]

Goya: Man and Myth Term Paper

… ..his children, by crushing free thought and turning back the clock. And Saturn is also like Goya himself, who in choosing to depict the horrors of the regime, cuts himself off from his patrons and from his world. He devours his own children -- the successful career he has built up at the Spanish court. In his last years in exile in France, Goya is like a man cut off from his family. He is Saturn destroying his offspring to save himself.

Saturn is a far cry from the dreams of Goya's youth. The myths that sustained them seem lost in another time and place. The bright colors and soft forms of The Parasol speak to a world of simple pleasures and few cares. It…. [read more]

Art Period and Six Artist Term Paper

… ¶ … Arists

Six Major Artists of an Artistic Period: Impressionism

Introduction to the Impressionist Period

Today, Monet's famous painting entitled "Impression: Sunrise" hangs in the Musee Marmottan in France. This museum is one of the most famous major art museums in the world. "Impression: Sunrise" is considered one of the classic images of world art. It is hard to believe that when this painting was first created by Monet's brush, not only did the critics dislike this work. The critics even questioned whether the art of the Impressionist movement was 'art' at all. Monet, along with his fellow Impressionists Manet, Renoir, Degas, Cassatt, and Pissarro, were all dismissed as artists because they attempted to use the images in their art to show shadings of…. [read more]

Good Man Is Hard Term Paper

… It is clear O'Connor understood her characters completely, and knew exactly what she wanted them to accomplish as she wrote. Critics have called her work some of the finest fiction the South has to offer and this story clearly shows why. The characters, even "The Misfit" make the reader care about them, and the story pulls the reader along with the family as they follow the road to its' inevitable conclusion. The reader cares when "The Misfit" shoots the family, and really wants to believe there is enough good in him to spare the Grandmother. Of course, he does not, and that is the ultimate message of this story. The Grandmother may have touched this violent and evil man, but not enough to really make…. [read more]

Hemingway Is Classified Term Paper

… Hemingway perceives the world in these terms and links his characters directly to nature through underlying psychological forces which s********************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************iscellany of stories and fragments, but actually the parts hung together and produced a definite effect. There were two distinct series of pieces which alternated with one another: one a set of brief and brutal sketches of police shootings, bullfight crises, hanging of criminals, and incidents of the war; and the other a set of stories dealing in its principal sequence with the growing-up of an American boy against a landscape of idyllic Michigan, but interspersed also with glimpses of American soldiers returning home (Wilson 17).

Wilson believes that the war was intended to be the key for the whole book, and the brutality of the…. [read more]

Photography (It's a Way of Life) (Rag-Pickers) Research Paper

… Photography

(It's a Way of Life) (Rag-pickers) (Children at Play)

Henri Cartier-Bresson: Urban Photographic Legend

"the photograph itself doesn't interest me. I want only to capture a minute part of reality"

(Henri Cartier-Bresson).

Henri Cartier-Bresson was reportedly born to a family of means in Chantaloup, France in 1908 (Assouline 2005; Bernstein 2004). According to historians, he originally studied the art of painting and became interested in photography much later after a year's hunting trip he participated in during 1931. That next year, Cartier-Bresson's first surviving work of photography was published and later exhibited in Madrid and New York. Cartier -- Bresson is said to have been very interested in traveling, and as evidenced by the aforementioned quote, wanted to be 'there'. At the age of…. [read more]

Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries Period Research Paper

… Eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, artists were concentrating on a number of objectives in being able to effectively express their ideas. This is based upon utilizing techniques from the past and incorporating them with new ideas in the future. To fully understand how these ideas are incorporated requires examining different works from the period. This will be accomplished by focusing on: Peaceable Kingdom, View from Mount Holyoke, Kindred Spirits, The Veteran in a New Field and John Biglin in a Single Scull. Together, these paintings will highlight the overall influences of the various artists.

Peaceable Kingdom, Edward Hicks, 1830, Internet (Broastoski)

The iconography is showing a cow, lion, a leopard and angels inside the Garden of Eden. This is represented in the foreground. In the…. [read more]

Butoh Dance Butoh Is a Japanese Art Term Paper

… butoh DANCE

Butoh is a Japanese art form that emerged in 1959 as a response to western oppression. Western political dominance had a serious impact on aesthetic sense of dancer Tatsumi Hijikata who developed a new form of dance that comprises strange body movements, gestures and jerks. West was viewed as an oppressive force with technological and political dominance to effectively curtail powers rested in other nations. The U.S.-Japan Mutual Defense Treaty of 1959-1960 is in many ways responsible for the creation of Ankoku Butoh that expressed deep resentment over western domination, power and authority (Klein, 1988). Butoh means ancient dance in Japanese and it is an intense and extremely rebellious avant-garde art form that was described by Bonnie Sue Stein as "shocking, provocative, physical,…. [read more]

Symbolism in Portrait Term Paper

… These different levels of the bird image would stay separate from each other and not blend together in the way that they do (and their miscibility is in fact a key element of the novel) is the way in which Joyce conveys the details of these symbols to us through passages of stream-of-consciousness description.

As William York Tindell argues in his essay "Joyce's Interconnecting Images," one of the keys to understanding the ways in which Joyce's descriptions of Stephen's interior life compel us is to understand how convincingly they draw us into the world of the narrator. The book is replete with small details, but each of these inconsequential details comes to matter as much to us as they do to Stephen precisely because they…. [read more]

Vincent Van Gogh Research Proposal


INTRODUCTION had a hard struggle with myself...."

Vincent van Gogh (Van Goh's Letters, 2009)

The Painter

The Painter" sold only one of his paintings, now worth millions of dollars, during his lifetime. "The Painter," Vincent van Gogh, frequently depicted people in hard times, Linda Yoffe (1995) notes in "Vincent, Theo, painting and self-esteem." Today, considered one of the greatest Dutch painters and draftsmen after Rembrandt, van Gogh's art significantly influenced Expressionism in modern art. Van Gogh, born in 1853, began painting seriously in 1880, Arthur Max (2004), an Associated Press writer, reports in "Van Gogh letter refers to family tragedy." Theo, van Gogh's younger brother, supported "The Painter" for much of his life.

Study Design and Significance

As this descriptive qualitative…. [read more]

Visual Arts Andy Warhol's "Self-Portrait 1986" Versus Term Paper

… Visual Arts

Andy Warhol's "Self-Portrait 1986" versus "Self-Portrait" by Chuck Close: A visit to the Columbus Museum of Art.

In this paper I plan to compare two original paintings currently housed in the Columbus Museum of Art in Columbus Ohio. I have chosen two self-portrait as my subjects, each from American Artists of the 20th Century. The first painting I will discuss is Self-Portrait by Chuck Close. The second is "Self-Portrait 1986" by Andy Warhol. As I will demonstrate in this paper, these paintings and the men who made them are as different from each other as night from day, but still tend to represent a similar school in art. The men even come from similar backgrounds, but turn out their art for very different…. [read more]

Virginia Woolf's a Portrait Term Paper

… For example, when Stephen repents of his sin, the "alter was heaped with fragrant masses of white flowers" (146). Yellow, however is often used to represent disgust or ugliness in some way. For instance, early in the night, the yellow lamps would light up among the "squalid quarter of the brothels" (102). These symbols help us to understand how Stephen's opinion were shaped and how he carried these ideas with him throughout his life.

Water is also a powerful symbol in the novel. Water often represents a conflict that Stephen is experiencing. For example, Stephen sees the beautiful girl standing before him "midstream, along and still, gazing out to the sea" (171). It is also important to note that she is describes as a "beautiful…. [read more]

Sexual Conduct and Prostitution Term Paper

… .. attempt at self-purgation leads him to interpret his soul... As debased" (Jacobs 2000). While Joyce's view on prostitution may have been liberal and somewhat radical during his time, the author still tries to create a balance without creating a division and opinion that side on either Stephen's actions and attitudes or society. By creating a balanced stance in the novel towards religiosity and prostitution, Joyce lets his readers decide for themselves which side is acceptable for them.

In conclusion, what are illustrated in the passages that have been cited in this analysis are the important events in Stephen's life that marked his transition to being a young man and as an artist. The theme of sex and prostitution is evident in Chapters 2 and…. [read more]

Mythology Explored in Joyce's Portrait Research Proposal

… Mythology Explored in Joyce's

Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

Mythology plays a significant role in James Joyce's novel, a Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, as the protagonist in the story searches for significance. By utilizing the mythology of Daedalus, Joyce emphasizes the journey of Stephen, who must break free from the prison in which he lives and strike out to find new ground that allows him to fully embrace who he actually is. Stephen can only achieve this when he escapes from the prison of the life that has held him prisoner for so long. Through images and symbolism, Joyce illustrates how Stephen is much like the mythological character that must break free from where he is imprisoned to…. [read more]

Youth: A Portrait Term Paper

… In doing this, it is a real account of what it is like to be an adolescent and therefore maintains its integrity.

Joyce also changed how the narrator spoke, with this matched to inner changes in the youth. In the early stages of the novel, his thinking is unclear, with the short staggered sentences depicting this. In the later stages, his thinking becomes more complex as he develops, with the complex sentences representing this. This approach means that the way the adolescent thinks is as important as what he thinks. This keeps the writer in tune with the adolescent's thought processes, while also doing the same for the reader. Like the first person narration, it is a method of keeping the writer emerged in how…. [read more]

One Religious Image as Depicted by Three Different Artists Essay

… But perhaps the most striking realism of the work is its portrait of Christ who looks like a real baby, tended to by his mother, in contrast to the young divinity standing proud on a throne in the Masaccio. Botticelli's work is a depiction of the Virgin in a true, intimate and domestic scene as a human mother.

Botticelli's Virgin shows a clear shift in favor of the humanism characteristic of the Renaissance era: "Classical Greek philosophy was also consistent with the new mood of 'Humanism' which arose in Italy at this time. Humanism was a way of thinking which attached more importance to Man and less importance to God. Although Christianity remained the only religion, Humanism reinterpreted it so as to give it a…. [read more]

Art Three Baroque Artists Term Paper

… Despair fills the faces surrounding the woman, and the entire work gives off a feeling of sadness and finality. The description for the painting adds, "In the predominant colors - red, orange, dark green - Caravaggio uses a slightly wider range than in his later, darker Roman paintings, but nowhere else did he achieve a mood of such overwhelming solemnity" (Caravaggio). Sadness and grief seem to emanate from the canvas.

Caravaggio was born in 1573, and is known as the creator of realism in Baroque art, and as an innovator in the art world. He was a master of light and form, and one historian notes, "The conception of light as a phenomenon that is at once physical and supernatural was first formulated in powerful…. [read more]

Picture Dorian Grey" Wilde Essay

… The chamber where Dorian houses his aging portrait, carefully concealed from the world, also contains a mirror where he can gaze at the false, living reality of his youth and beauty. Repeatedly, Dorian vows to reform himself, but he always fails, because he attributes his immorality to superficial causes -- the portrait, Lord Henry, Basil -- rather than himself. He speaks of himself and his beauty in the third person, distancing himself from his bad decisions. "It was his beauty that had ruined him, his beauty and the youth that he had prayed for. But for those two things, his life might have been free from stain. His beauty had been to him but a mask, his youth but a mockery. What was youth at…. [read more]

Icons and Early Modern Portraits Article Review

… The first is Botticelli's Portrait of a young man holding a medallion, from around 1485. Here the artist has deliberately inserted a representation of an icon held by the subject of the paitning. The disjunction in visual style between nthe two is great: Nagel claims that it is included as "an image that speaks the language of antiquity." Within Botticelli's own depiction it is possible to see how the physical icon had been altered and shaped by Renaissance owners. Nagel seems accurate that Botticelli is showing the way in which Renaissance portraiture is itself a restaging of earlier modes of devotional picture-making -- he includes the depiction of the icon itself within a type of painting, the chest-length portrait bust cut off cleanly at the…. [read more]

Goya's the Forge Essay

… The eye gravitates toward their centrality, and the complicated mix of angles that Goya has used to arrange these bright spots. This leaves the third man, whose position is complicated, and whose grey hair indicates a greater age than the other two: from the angle at which he bends, and from the glimpse of his left hand, it appears that he is operating a bellows. But his presence definitely makes the viewer think that we have three generations of men represented here: youth, adult, and old man.

The most astonishing thing about Goya's painterly technique here, though, is its fundamental unrealism. The facial features are discernible but they are not painted with a clarity or a particular attention to photographic realism: the young man's face…. [read more]

Morality Then and Now the Technological Era Essay

… Morality Then and Now

The technological era that we as a society have entered has completely altered the way that morality and proper behavior is viewed and expressed. Before the Internet was as freely used as it is now, there was more control as to what children and teenagers had access to. Now, because of the rapid advancement in the exposure of the Internet, everyone has access to just about anything -- both appropriate and inappropriate. It is this unregulated exposure that has tainted morality. Cultures who are more open about such things as sexuality or who are not so religiously guided, can now influence and expose people who are a bit more conservative. Parents have a harder time explaining to their children what is…. [read more]

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