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Combat and Substance Abuse Posttraumatic Research Paper

… There are significant limitations to this conclusion, including a selection bias introduced by studying only veterans seeking care through the VA. Many veterans may be ineligible for medical coverage through the VA, have private medical coverage, or distrust the VA. Other veterans may be reluctant to admit having a substance abuse problem. The methodological problems could be addressed by academic institutions with no formal ties to the VA.

In spite of these significant limitations, the above findings suggest that the dominant risk factors for substance abuse are similar for civilians and military personnel alike. Youth and mental illness appear to be the biggest risk factors, while combat exposure may contribute only a few percentage points. Mental health therefore determines the prevalence of substance abuse behavior…. [read more]


Treatment Modalities for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Research Proposal

… Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Treatment Modalities for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Being a combat veteran of the Iraq war, I am interested in treatment modalities for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD.

[Personal Statement..

This research paper shall discuss and critically analyze PTSD intervention theories and methods. There are a number of models of acute post trauma intervention that are in current use. These will be reviewed below. It should be noted that while some of these share similarities with interventions for the treatment of established and even chronic PTSD, their focus is different in that they primarily aim for the fullest possible recovery, although this may not be clearly articulated. The chronicity of longer-established disorder means that the focus of interventions is usually on…. [read more]


Long-Term Care Facilities Treatment of PTSD Research Paper

… , 2010).

Significance of the study: How would research contribute to knowledge?

Psychologists who work with clients suffering from PTSD have noted that the perceptions of the clients regarding the efficacy of the therapeutic interventions they receive are associated with recovery (Polkinghorne, 2005). Many treatments for PTSD are available in the marketplace, however, they have not all been shown to be equally effective with patients experiencing PTSD. There exists a need to continue identifying efficacious treatments for PTSD that can be implemented across venues. The literature also indicates that substantial barriers exist for Veterans seeking a full regimen of effective treatment. A more thorough and comprehensive understanding of the perceptions of patients, who is in this study are Veterans in long-term care, being treated for…. [read more]


Family Violence and PTSD Children Are Subject Term Paper

… Family Violence and PTSD

Children are subject to a number of stressors that may contribute to the onset of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). One of the stressors given particular attention is domestic violence, not necessarily against the child, but violence that the child witnesses. Such events in the home have an effect on the child who is privy to them, creating a sense of guilt, adding to the child's stress, and distorting many aspects of the bonding process with one or both parents while also putting a strain on other relationships the child may have at home, at school, and elsewhere. Studies have examined this issue and found a link between violence in the home and subsequent problems played out in children who have witnessed…. [read more]


Borderline Personality Disorder Definitions and Historical Foundations Term Paper

… Borderline Personality Disorder

Definitions and historical foundations

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM

Etiology

DBT

Genetics

Environmental Conditions

Neurological issues

Diagnoses and related issues

Comorbidity

Psychopharmacological approaches

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy

Empirical support

Theoretical aspects of DBT

The dialectical model

Etiology

Praxis

This study is intended to present a clear overview of the characteristics, history, etiology, diagnosis and treatment of Borderline personality Disorder. This disorder has been the subject of much contention and debate over the years and has not only been difficult to define but also to diagnose due to its theoretical and practical proximity to other disorders. The advent of Lineham's Dialectical Behavioral Therapy however has provided a more structured and theoretically integrated approach and means of dealing with and treating Borderline…. [read more]


Coping Mediates the Relationship Between Personality Traits and PTSD in Combat Veterans Research Proposal

… Coping Mediates the Relationship Between Personality Traits and PTSD in Combat Veterans

The work of Solomon, Mikulincer and Avitzur (1988) entitled: "Coping, Locus of Control, Social Support and Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Prospective Study" states that participation puts soldiers "under intense pressures that can impair their functioning. The most widespread manifestation of psychopathology on the battlefield is combat stress reaction (CSR), also known as battle shock and battle fatigue." (Solomon, Mikulincer, and Avitzur, 1998) states that characteristics of CSR include: (1) psychomotor retardation; (2) withdrawal; (3) increased sympathetic activities; (4) stuttering; (5) confusion; (6) nausea; (7) vomiting; and (8) paranoid reactions. (p. 279) Stated as the most common element in "all of these varied manifestations" is the cease to function efficiency by soldiers in…. [read more]


Diagnostic Statistical Manual Disorders Essay

… Substance induced mood disorders are also very common, showing the biological nature of many mood disorders. Substance abuse can cause limited serotonin and other pleasure producers in the brain, which then often lead the individual into states of depression because of the decreased feelings they are experiencing. Most often, substance abuse is tied to Major Depression. The emotional state of the individual suffering from a mood disorder is often severely impacted, especially in cases of depression. One can become so depressed that suicide is an increased risk, showing the depth of the emotional despair the individual is currently incased within.

Dissociative Disorders

Dissociative disorders often occur in situations where the individual's cognitive functioning is fragmented, causing a disruption in awareness, perception, and self understanding. The…. [read more]


Borderline Personality Disorder the Following Research Report Research Paper

… Borderline Personality Disorder

The following research report focuses on a population at risk, those diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder. The report is offered in three sections. Part I provides an examination which looks at statistics related to the disorder. A definition of the disorder is given, with implicit defining characteristics of the population at risk. Causes are discussed with a relevant literature review. Social justice issues are looked at, with a discourse offered on factors of social oppression related to the population at risk. Part II discusses two courses of treatment with associated issues related to Borderline Personality Disorder, with an in-depth review of Mentalization therapy Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Part III discusses the political and social context of the issues relevant to the population at…. [read more]


Emotional Abuse of Children and Parents With PTSD Essay

… From this data, it is apparent that domestic abuse that entail maltreatment of both the spouse and the children in the home put children at greater risk of maltreatment, than when the child or children alone are the target of maltreatment (Martin, et al., 2009).

What Do We Do About Dads With PTSD?

The relationship between Combat PTSD and spousal abuse, whether physical, emotional, or sexual, has been studied for decades. A study of data about Veterans seeking help for PTSD in 1995 showed that 63% of that group had been exhibited aggressive behavior toward their spouses during that same year ("Family of a Vet, 2014"). A separate follow-up study found that 42% of the Veterans with PTSD had been physically abuse toward their partners,…. [read more]


Dissociative Disorders Term Paper

… Dissociative Disorders

In psychopathology, we deal with the study of various mental illness or mental distress. That illness can be "the manifestation of behaviours and experiences which may be indicative of mental illness of psychological impairment" (Wikipedia: 2008). In this field of study, medical professionals such as psychiatrists, neuroscientists, neuropsychiatrists, and clinical psychologists are commonly involved in the treatment of mental-related illness.

Even in the early times, mental illness is often referred to as being possessed by evil spirits. This is because of the unnatural, somewhat strange and weird behavior shown by the person inflected with the disease. The only way to help the persons suffering from mental illness during those days was to torture them in an attempt to drive out the demon. Other…. [read more]


Panic Disorder Term Paper

… Panic Disorder

Counseling

Panic disorder is a comparatively heterogeneous disorder, with its center characteristic, the knowledge of frequent unanticipated panic attacks, surrounding a diversity of somatic, physiological, and cognitive indications that can vary from patient to patient. There are three basic kinds of panic attacks portrayed in the DSM-IV: situationally bound, unexpected and situationally predisposed. Panic disorder with or without agoraphobia is rather ordinary. Even though all socio-demographic groups are affected, panic disorder is most common in women, individuals under the age of fifty years, individuals who are divorced or separated and those who live in an urban area. Treatment for panic disorder can range from psychotherapy to anti-depressant medications to Internet based therapy.

Introduction

As defined in DSM-IV-TR, panic disorder is a comparatively heterogeneous…. [read more]


Adjustment Disorder With Depressed Mood Term Paper

… Adjustment Disorder With Depressed Mood

ADJUSTMENT DISORDER

DEPRESSED MOOD

Adjustment Disorder (Benton & Ifeagwu, 2009, ¶ 2).

The American Psychiatric Association (Schonbeck, 2006, ¶ 2).

DSM-IV: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Schonbeck, 2006, ¶ 2).

DSM-IV-TR: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (Benton & Ifeagwu, 2009, ¶ 4).

Not Otherwise Specified (Benton & Ifeagwu, 2009, ¶ 4).

ADJUSTMENT DISORDER WITH DEPRESSED MOOD

"Adjustment disorders are an important and prevalent cause of personal discomfort, absenteeism, addiction, and suicide"

(Fink, 2010, p. 181).

Adjustment disorder (AD) symptoms typically begin during the first few weeks following a significant stressor. In the book, Stress Consequences: Mental, Neuropsychological and Socioeconomic, George Fink (2010), a Neuroendocrinologist and Neuropharmacologist, explains that the individual diagnosed with adjustment disorder…. [read more]


Neurological Disorders Thesis

… Seizure disorders, collectively referred to as epilepsy, have been troubling mankind since its beginnings. According to Friendlander (2001), "The term epilepsy is from the Greek meaning to take hold on, to seize upon; in other words, it was an illness in which the sufferer was attacked or seized upon, presumably by a supernatural force. The clinical picture of an otherwise well individual suddenly being forcibly thrown to the ground and violently shaken would suggest that he or she had been attacked" (p. 1). Science has, of course, evolved quite a bit over the centuries, and seizures are no longer associated with supernatural or demonic attacks, but are understood to be neurological disorders. While there is still a great deal that remains to be understood about…. [read more]


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD Term Paper

… Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder



Theories of child development and guidelines for parents are not cast in stone.



They are constantly changing and adapting to new information and new pressures.



There is no "right" way, just as there are no magic incantations that will always painlessly resolve a child's problems."



Lawrence Kutner (20th century) (Columbia, 1996)



Students Like C.J.



Something has to be done. C.J. cannot sit still.... His constant roaming around in the classroom disrupts the other students." Parents of ADHD students like C.J. frequently hear teachers' accounts similar to the one introducing this study. Student's like C.J. traditionally experience problems in school as rules, regulations and…. [read more]


Domestic Violence Is a Complex Essay

… Victims actively seeking help need support in accessing criminal and civil justice responses, housing and other resources. Group work may be useful in helping victims 'move on' after they have left violent partners.

A first step for all victims in accepting help of any kind is to acknowledge and name what they were experiencing as domestic abuse. Hester and Westmarland (2005) report victims talked in interviews about how important other survivors of domestic violence had been to them in this continuing process of achieving recognition. Interviewees stated it was difficult to find the space to think things through and to realize that emotional abuse, intimidation and harassment are as much a part of abuse as violence. Victims had to learn to stop blaming themselves, and…. [read more]


Somatoform and Dissociative Disorders Term Paper

… Like PTSD, combat soldiers are vulnerable to dissociative disorders.

One controversial area related to this is that of "repressed memories." Some believe that these recovered memories are accurate, but in some cases the children have been given signals of what the listener wants to hear, or asked leading questions. While the problem of sexual abuse in childhood is a very real one, the issue of retrieving repressed memories is a controversial one.

Dissociative identity disorder is another name for multiple personality disorder. This is a disorder lots of people have some familiarity with because of the movies Sybil and Three Faces of Eve. Like the other dissociative disorders, this one serves a protective function, and new personalities typically form after an instance of child abuse.…. [read more]


Children With PTSD and Social Workers Research Proposal

… Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis

The DSM-5 criteria set for PTSD in children older than 6 and those younger than 6 are similar (Lubit, 2014). This is exposure to a real, actual or threatened death, injury or sexual attack. There should be one or more symptoms linked to the traumatic event or experience. These must be persistent avoidance of the stimulus connected with the event or disturbed perception of it as well as the mood linked to the event. There should also be strong changes in arousal and reaction to the event. The disturbance should be more than a month. There should also be great mental suffering or disturbed relationship with family members, caregivers or changed behavior in school. The victim should demonstrate an inability to…. [read more]


Relationship Between Stress and the Human Body Essay

… Stress & the Human Body

I caught common cold after a close friend's death that caused psychological stress to me.

You are more prone to sickness when under stress - at least that is how it appears. Research too is showing this to be true. The body's immune system and the stress system are linked and immune system is vastly affected by stress response. The stress response involves activating many neuroendocrine systems plus the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axes and HPA as well as the sympathetic nervous system. Discussions on the topic of immune system and the neuroendocrine have found that the two utilize certain similar receptors and ligands to support an inter-system and intra-system communication network. It is understood that the communication happening between the systems…. [read more]


War Veteran PTSD Stigma and Interventions Research Paper

… This will open the door for more interventions—and the issue of screening should also be considered. These are the topics I would like to pursue in greater detail.



References


  1. Christova, P., James, L. M., Engdahl, B. E., Lewis, S. M., & Georgopoulos, A. P. (2015). Diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) based on correlations of pre-whitened fMRI data: outcomes and areas involved. Experimental brain research, 233(9), 2695-2705.

  2. Jakupcak, M., Conybeare, D., Phelps, L., Hunt, S., Holmes, H. A., Felker, B., ... & McFall, M. E. (2007). Anger, hostility, and aggression among Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans reporting PTSD and subthreshold PTSD. Journal of Traumatic Stress: Official Publication of The International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, 20(6), 945-954.

  3. Kearney, D. J., McDermott, K., Malte, C., Martinez,…. [read more]


Effect of Traumatic Brain Injury on Sexual Function Term Paper

… ¶ … Traumatic Head Injury on Sexual Function

Sexual Dysfunction Caused by Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury has a number of well documented long-lasting after effects which can inhibit the normal life of the injured individual. After serious head trauma, individuals suffer from both physical and emotional traumas, which must later be addressed and dealt with in order to return to every day living. One of the lesser documented consequences of some traumatic brain injuries are various physical, neuroatanomical, and psychological dysfunctions affecting sexual activity and behavior, "Overall, there was a fair greater tendency for TBI individuals to report a decrease in the frequency and quality of their sexual experiences," (Ponsford, 280). Following brain injury, many individuals suffer from a variety of sexual dysfunctions…. [read more]


indepth analysis of Mental Health Essay

… Hence, suicide will, as expected, follow from a failure to perform well and from a blow to one's self-esteem. Furthermore, different cultures condemn suicide to different degrees. For instance, one argument accounting for the few suicides recorded in the African-American community is that the community views suicide as unacceptable behavior. On the other hand, murder rates in the community are much greater, as victims as well as perpetrators. In fact, a larger number of homicides that involve African-American individuals are precipitated by the victim, consciously or unconsciously. The Afro-American culture seems to regard victim-precipitated homicides as a better way to die than taking one's own life (David Lester, 2008).



2. Describe how physical, psychological, and social factors influence health.


…. [read more]


Treating Post Traumatic Stress Disorders Term Paper

… Mental conditions usually worsen in the long run after someone stops taking mental medication. Usually a mental disorder is a permanent life changing experience, no one that I know of has never recovered from a mental illness. (Willman, 2000)

Speaking of our soldiers who fight in the war, they go from one extreme to the other. Soldiers walk around with a gun in their hands, and anyone who gives them any trouble at all; they just shoot them, than they go directly into a civilized society where they cannot shoot anyone who gives them trouble. Soldiers live in this environment for years, and the human mind gets trained or forms a habit after only 30 days of repetition. Right after veterans go from living a…. [read more]


Trauma Is Considered as 'Mental Term Paper

… It is a disturbance of emotional adaptation. The symptoms of Neurosis include many emotional and mental changes. The symptoms of Neurosis is generally so widespread among people that it is considered often more proper today to speak of them as to their degree of presence or as to the degree of resulting disability than merely as to their strict presence or absence in any given individual. From this modern and enlightened point-of-view, any prejudice towards a neurotically sick person or his stigmatization on this basis is simply inappropriate. There are some types of Neuroses that have a closer causal relationship with Trauma than others.

These, in particular, include: Anxiety reactions: Anxiety Neurosis is an established and more or less chronic emotional illness. It constitutes one…. [read more]


Break Out of War Annotated Bibliography

… Reflection

The above study will add another profound comparative depth to this proposed study as it will allow the study to have different form of comparative analysis. This differentiation of comparisons will help the researcher better understand the extent of PTSD as well as understand the various ways that it can impact women as well. The approach towards understanding PTSD amongst the female combatants is a rare investigation as most PTSD studies have concentrated on the impact on male combatants, which is why this is a very important study to consider.

Article 4: 'Personal, Family, and Multiple Barriers of Long-Term Welfare Recipients' by Taylor and Barusch (2004)

Summary

This piece of writing reports the outcome of an in detail, descriptive investigation of long-term welfare beneficiaries.…. [read more]


Psychologic Effect on People in a Natural Disaster Research Proposal

… Psychologic Effect on People in a Natural Disaster

The world has never been a benign or sterile environment, but history has shown time and again that humans are resilient creatures that are capable of enduring a great deal. In some cases, though, the overwhelming nature of an event can be so devastating that people experience a wide range of adverse psychological effects that can have life-threatening implications if left unattended. Although the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 clearly illustrated the enormous impact that manmade disasters can have on people, natural disasters such as tsunamis, hurricanes, tornadoes and so forth also can have these same adverse effects as well. In order to identify what these adverse psychologic effects are and what can be done about…. [read more]


Treatments an Analysis Reaction Paper

… al., p.465). The study thus examines everything from randomized, double blind, and placebo-controlled studies, to open label studies, retrospective case series, and pooled analyses (Davis et. al. p. 466). According to the authors, the background of the study stems from a need to examine whether various treatment are effective, which is the very aim of this paper. Thus, this study is quite appropriate, as well as a good supplement to the section examined above, that offered a similar, yet less specific approach. According to this paper, the studies examined "demonstrate that long-term treatment of PTSD with SSRIs effectively maintains the previous treatment response and improvement in quality of life, converts more patients to responder status and accounts for one-third of overall treatment gains" (Davis et.…. [read more]


Panic Disorder Current Research Term Paper

… ¶ … Panic Disorder

Current research on panic disorder, as well as its treatment is telling of the state of the disorder in the population, as well as inroads being made in its treatment and diagnosis. According to Beamish, Granello & Belcastro, the understanding of the symptomology of panic disorder and its necessary features for diagnosis have not changed. As the essential features of the disorder is the recurrence of panic attacks, with a persistent fear of over one month of recurrence and the fact that many panic responses are not brought on by logical panic scenarios, but are what most would consider unfounded and unrelated to actual occurrences. (Whalen & Mckinney, 2007, p. 12) What has changed in recent research is an understanding of…. [read more]


Child and Adolescent Counseling Golden Case Study

… She also drew a secret tunnel that had a hidden picture. While playing through the secret tunnel, he asked St. Thomas to ask her various questions. She made the list of questions her self and all were related to loneliness and fear. Most of the time Kathy used to answer in a babyish voice that St. Thomas concluded as the voice of Kim. During her drawing sessions, she used to make critical statements. The boy and the blue birds she drew were only because she did not want to feel alone. Her use of colors (specifically pink and yellow) allowed her to express her conflicts and feelings. Her paintings and drawings portrayed Kathy as an adult.

Throughout the therapy process, the art materials helped her…. [read more]


Validating the Effectiveness of Participation Term Paper

… "

Shelov says that the healing process calls for a child to remember over and over, detail by detail. Children remember through retelling, through play, and through their post traumatic fears, dreams and unusual behaviors. All of these varied forms of remembering are indications of the trauma's force but which are also part of the child's internal struggle to heal and master the trauma.

Shelov stresses that trauma causes psychological wounds. Healing from the wounds requires time and can be influenced by understanding parents and other caregivers. Different children manifest different signs of psychological trauma. There is a correlation between particular aspects of the trauma itself and all that is special and characteristics about the child to bring about a child's particular response to the…. [read more]

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