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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Symptom Management in the Combat Veteran Capstone Project

… Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been recognized by a growing number of healthcare authorities and U.S. governmental agencies as a serious and potentially debilitating condition in combat veterans returning from tours of duty in Iraq and Afghanistan. Although estimates vary from troubling to extremely alarming, the incidence and prevalence of PTSD among this population is far higher than for the general population in the United States, and the adverse effects of the condition are further exacerbated by a number of other factors, including early life stress, different levels of individual resiliency and a potential genetic predisposition as well. The consequences of untreated PTSD can be severe, including suicide, another trend taking place among the combat veteran population that has researchers scrambling for answers and efficacious…. [read more]


Posttraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD Term Paper

… PTSD

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is a condition from which nearly 10% of Americans suffer from. PTSD, unlike other afflictions, is associated with a wide variety of circumstances. Many war veterans suffer from Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. However, sexually abused children are quickly emerging as common suffers of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is a prevalent problem associated with children who are victims of sexual assault.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is classified as an anxiety disorder under the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Disorders (DSM-III). The diagnosis of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder was not formally diagnosed as part of DSM-III until 1980. According to Famolaro, 'the diagnoses of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder requires: (a) experience of a significant traumatic events; (b) re-experiencing of the trauma in one of several…. [read more]


PTSD the Nature of Police Work Increases Thesis

… PTSD

The nature of police work increases the probability of developing Posttraumatic Stress disorder

Police Work

The nature of police work increases the probability of developing Posttraumatic Stress disorder (PTSD)

There is a general consensus that there are a very high number of police officers that suffer from PTSD, which has a decidedly negative impact on the individual and the functioning of the police force. As one study notes; "All too many police officers are victims of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" (Police and PTSD, 2005, para.1). Post traumatic stress disorder is understood as a response to traumatic stress, such as having to kill someone in the line of duty.

Another area of concern that emerges from the literature is that there is a relative paucity…. [read more]


PTSD and Treatments Research Paper

… PTSD: Summarize the Best Available Treatments for This

Post-traumatic stress disorder and healing:

The best treatment options available for PTSD

PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) can occur in any person, regardless of age or gender, who witnesses or experiences a crisis. This may include combat, sexual abuse, a terrorist attack, a car wreck, or a natural disaster. "During a traumatic event, you think that your life or others' lives are in danger. You may feel afraid or feel that you have no control over what is happening around you. Most people have some stress-related reactions after a traumatic event; but not everyone gets PTSD. If your reactions don't go away over time and they disrupt your life, you may have PTSD" ("What is PTSD," 2014). There…. [read more]


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Term Paper

… PTSD

WHEN the PAST DOESN'T DIE

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Introduction number of studies and other researches have yielded findings that many or most combat or war veterans who return home from the battlefield develop Post-traumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD. The disorder consists in reliving the memories of war, which a veteran re-enacts. Because of the nature of warfare and the veteran's own indoctrination to aggression, he also develops aggressive or violent behavior towards the members of his household and even outsiders at uncertain moments or episodes.

Military troops, due to militaries' lack of infrastructure, are at risk of having long-term psychological and social effects of PTSD.

Review of Literature

Doyle, L. (2007). Suicide Rates in U.S. Army Highest in 26 Years. The (London) Independent: Independent…. [read more]


PTSD History Study Effects and Treatments for War Veterans Research Paper

… PTSD for War Veterans and Families

SOME WOUNDS DO NOT HEAL

PTSD History, Study, Effects and Treatments for War Veterans

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD symptoms develop in response to life-threatening trauma, typically among multiply deployed soldiers in war zones, such as Iraq and Afghanistan. Most of them are younger than 25, of lower rank, genetically predisposed and female. Broad categories of symptoms are re-experiencing distress, avoidance and hyperarousal, leading to overall personal malfunctioning and a host of interaction problems with the family and the community. Current treatments include rehab, counseling, medication and a virtual environment world approach. Until enough is known and done about PTSD, the returning war veteran and his family must suffer the condition and all its consequences.

Introduction and History

PTSD…. [read more]


PTSD Developing and Supporting Essay

… Sources of data, method of collection, and variables

The authors administered self-report questionnaire containing 17 different items aiming at eliciting responses related to the PTSD. The sample used was significant as it involved health aid workers from four organizations that provide aid to vulnerable communities. The variables in the study included age, sex, and economic status.

Methods of data analysis

The information was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) for statistical analysis. ANOVA and Fischer's chat was used to provide the prediction of the patterns of the PTSD.

Results

The results indicated that the participants reported stress traumatic disorder because of their occupation. Individuals with low economic status were at high risk of PTSDs.

Conclusion

The authors provide directions for the…. [read more]


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder PTSD Research Paper

… Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Most people think of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) as a disorder based on being in a war zone, and being hurt or otherwise traumatized by the incredible violence and the shock of the noise related to combat. But PTSD is not confined to war injuries or war zone-related emotional trauma. In fact, the sudden suicide of a loved one, family member, or dear close friend can also lead to PTSD, which of course is vastly different than a war-related instance of PTSD, but it is nonetheless a serious health matter for the person who has survived the suicide victim.

An article in the Harvard Women's Health Watch points out that each year some 33,000 people in the United States commit…. [read more]


Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Peer Reviewed Journal

… These include training that the NG/R receive is different from active duty personnel. while the active duty personnel can build and reinforce their skills daily, the NG/R train only a weekend in every month and two weeks during summer. Maybe due to the different military roles the NG/R personnel are separated from their families a few times because of military commitments. Therefore, they are adequately prepared to deal with military separation as compared to active duty personnel.

Two types of stressors are mentioned; mission related stressors associated with warfare circumstances or interpersonal stressors that result from pressure that comes from an individual being separated from their family and working closely with other troops (Wiley, 2008).

Mission related stressors that have implications of post deployment health…. [read more]


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Combat Term Paper

… Moreover, contrary to myth, patients are not generally unwilling or reluctant to undergo exposure therapy, but are able to recognize that exposure may be necessary to help them move past the traumatic event. The whole thought process behind trauma focused therapy is that by changing thoughts, the therapist can help achieve symptom reduction, and this hypothesis has been verified in a number of studies (Sobel et al., 2009).

Despite the fact that some therapists have lingering, erroneous concerns about trauma-centered therapy, it has long been the preferred approach for treating PTSD. In fact, CPT, a form of trauma-centered therapy is considered the go-to treatment for PTSD. CPT is a counseling-based intervention that generally involves meeting with a therapist on a weekly basis in an effort…. [read more]


PTSD and TBI Research Paper

… This study utilized quantitative survey data to test a model of what causes alienation on campus among student veterans. We then present quotations from student veterans describing the types of situations they find alienating. The results have direct implications for how student affairs professionals may help veterans succeed in college." (2011: 279)

These insights are illustrating how there has been very little research conducted in these areas by anthropologists. This is because most data that is collected is based upon looking at specific sources vs. corroborating the result. When this occurs, it means that select areas have been addressed. While at the same time, others are being effectively ignored. In this case, Elliot provides a good starting point. However, she does not do anything to…. [read more]


Veterans Diagnosed With Post Traumatic Essay

… Veterans Diagnosed With Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

"Resources for Veterans diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after transitioning back into a civilian lifestyle

Veterans with Post Traumatic Stress Disorders transition to civilian lifestyle

PTSD is an "injury to the mind" in which a traumatic event causes lasting anxiety (McFarlane, Williamson, & Barton, 2009). PTSD may be difficult to treat, since stigma may prevent service members from seeking help (McFarlane et al., 2009). Study published in the American Medical Association Journal by (Shalev et al., 2001), show over a third of troops coming back from Iraq have been assessed to be at risk of PTSD and other mental health situations on their Post Deployment Health Assessment (PDHA).

The Military Health Service (MHS) recorded 39,365 patients…. [read more]


PTSD Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders and Personal Beliefs Essay

… PTSD

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders and Personal Beliefs

The focus of my studies and of my anticipated professional practice is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder within the context of educational psychology. This specialization is pursued with an emphasis on veterans of combat-related experiences. This particularly vulnerable population drives both the research and the personal orientation taken toward the subject. The connection between combat-experience and PTSD is inextricable and evokes a certain sense of responsibility for me.

In accordance with my personal beliefs, attitudes and values, the sacrifices made by combat soldiers and by their families is a significant one and one that carries many physical and mental health implications. Thus, I am inclined to view it as society's responsibility to ensure that this particular population is attended to…. [read more]


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Abuse Capstone Project

… Post traumatic stress is also related with many different biological changes in the human body, this fact has been confirmed by many different studies in the field of physiology as well as biology. One study in this regard measured the electodermal responses of several veterans to olfactory stimulants. The main conclusion of this study was that dysfunctional cerebral laternalisation might be the main culprit for some of the post traumatic stress symptoms like intrusive images, psychological numbing and hypervigilance.

Chronic stress and post traumatic stress have been usually compared because of possible correlation or similarities. The increment in glucocorticoid release by the adrenal glands might lead towards any loss of the hippocampal granule cells alongside the production of very complex biphasic responses that may decrease…. [read more]


Veterans of Foreign War and PTSD Substance Abuse Research Paper

… High Risk Family Analysis

Veterans of Foreign Wars: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

and Substance Abuse Risks and Analysis

In beginning to assess the affects of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its link to substance abuse among veterans of foreign wars, a survey questionnaire was distributed to 75 veterans (68 male and 7 female), with the following questions for their addressing: 1.) Have you experienced any mental health issues since returning from deployment or war; 2.) Do you abuse alcohol or drugs; 3.) Do you suffer from PTSD; 4.) Were you diagnosed with any mental health disorder; 5.) Do you feel that your substance abuse is related to your PTSD or your service in the war; and 6.) Do you feel that you have suffered…. [read more]


War Veterans Suffering From Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. An Existential Approach Research Paper

… PTSD

War veterans suffering from post traumatic stress disorder. An existential Approach

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

War veterans suffering from post traumatic stress disorder. An existential Approach

The reality of trauma and shock as a result of exposure to violence and warfare is not new. As Foa and Meadows (1997) state, " the concept of trauma-related emotional disturbance has existed for over a century, having names such as shell shock, war neurosis, and rape trauma syndrome" (Foa & Meadows, 1997. P. 449). However, the recognition of this condition as a formal medical and psychological condition is fairly recent. It was only introduced formally as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) of the American Psychiatric Association in 1980…. [read more]


Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Term Paper

… Thus it is important that the researcher differentiate between alcoholism, PTSD, and a dual diagnosis. For purposes of this research the author will be concerned primarily with patients that exhibit dualistic symptoms of PTSD and alcoholism, not one or the other. Thus the body of research examined will focus on patients with alcoholism and PTSD simultaneously, and then attempt to discern whether one is directly related to the other via cause and effect or other relationship.

There are some studies that suggest that alcohol abuse among patients often results as a response to trauma, and that alcoholism may make pre-existing disorders including PTSD worse (Thornton, 2003; Jaycox, et. al, 2004). The link between the two is the primary focus of this research.

Research provides strong…. [read more]


PTSD Contributing an Intervention Template Essay

… PTSD

Contributing an Intervention Template to the Field of PTSD and Family Coping

The research conducted over the course of this project relates to the experience of combat-veterans now returning in significant numbers from wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. For many veterans, it can be extremely difficult to re-adjust to life outside of a military or combat context. This is particularly true for those who have experienced some measure of trauma during their service. The resulting Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can inflict a heavy toll on both the returning serviceman or woman and on the family to which he or she returns. To an extent though, neither the military nor schools seem adequately or strategically prepared for the needs that children of these vets…. [read more]


PTSD Post=traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Term Paper

… Generally speaking, older soldiers deal with war-related events than younger ones do. With that as the guideline, we might see less PTSD among those who served in Iraq or Afghanistan since we have relied so heavily on National Guard members, who tend to be older (Elias, 2004). On the other hand, the men and women who joined the National Guard may not have expected to ever actually go to war, and may have a different mindset regarding war events than those who actively signed up for combat-oriented services such as the Army and Marines.

Because of the devastating effect of PTSD on a person's ability to function, it should be treated as soon as possible. A person's first reaction to the stressful events that lead…. [read more]


PTSD Qualitative Methodologies for Investigating PTSD Individuals Term Paper

… PTSD

Qualitative Methodologies for Investigating PTSD

Individuals returning from military combat are among the most vulnerable demographics to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and its related consequences of emotional instability, psychological despair, substance abuse and a host of other war-related dissonances. In the wake of the protracted conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, it has become increasingly apparent that there is a need to prepare through better understanding for a new generation of individuals that are highly vulnerable to the PTSD and its related consequences. The discussion here with therefore consider military-related PTSD in light of several different qualitative research approaches. These will lend insight into the various ways that PTSD might be better understood.

Ethnographic Research:

Based on the pretense that clinical and laboratory observations…. [read more]


PTSD Addressing PTSD in Iraq Veterans Essay

… PTSD

Addressing PTSD in Iraq Veterans

One out of every three United States Army and Marine Corps personnel that have served tours of duty in Iraq since the beginning of the recent conflict there almost a decade ago has sought treatment for some form of mental disturbance since their return, and as many as one out of every five of these soldiers has been determined to suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD (Vendantam 2006). The video Night Visions briefly recounts one soldier's experience in Iraq and the way in which PTSD has affected him since his return. After witnessing the violent deaths of Iraqi civilians and soldiers as well as many of his American comrades and attending no less than eleven memorial services while…. [read more]


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children Research Paper

… In such cases, the healing process occurs more rapidly and children can pursue their lives without having to travel the dark path towards mental instability. This is why Fazel et al. (2011) have distinguished both risk and protective factors in their review, in which they indicate what can be done for children by high-income countries where these children come to seek asylum.

Basically, the authors have found that one of the most important protective factors is the ability to integrate into the host society while not losing one's sense of cultural identity. As such, supportive measures should be put into place for immigrant children to prevent them becoming a burden by succumbing to mental conditions. Instead, they should be encouraged to PTSD is not an…. [read more]


PTSD Over the Last Several Years, Post-Traumatic Research Paper

… PTSD

Over the last several years, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because a number of veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan were experiencing them most common symptoms. These include: the existence of a recognizable stressor, the re-experiencing of events, reduced involvement in the world around them and instances of sleep disturbance / guilt / trouble concentrating. (Freidman, 2010, pg. 5) This is important, because they are highlighting how the condition can affect so many veterans who have returned from these areas. To fully understand what it taking place requires conducting a literature review that will examine: the purpose of our study and the lasting impacts on those individuals who are suffering from the disease. Once this takes…. [read more]


PTSD as a Defense Research Paper

… Whichever the case, be it more constant or situational, schema therapy displays the defensive patterns that function out continuously and encircle surround significant wounds as 'life traps'. These life traps may come to the existence as an impact of repetition compulsion, whereby we tend to re-examine a post trauma that occurs in our lives currently, more possibly in a challenge to understand them in a way that escaped us in our early life (Sonnenberg, & Blank, 2009).

Different psychological and psychiatric schools offer a wide variety of ways for curing this diverse assortment of dysfunction patterns of behaviors. The treatment and curing methods differ to the extent on which they take care of the deep-rooted trauma beneath them. Other schools concentrate on reducing the superficial…. [read more]


Art Therapy and PTSD Research Proposal

… Art Therapy and PTSD

Art Therapy Utilized in Cases of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Art has always played a major role in human life and development. Some of our knowledge of our earliest ancestors comes from the drawings and sculptures they left behind. Art is an essential part of what it is to be human, and can be utilized for a variety of purposes including communication, expression, and even therapy. Art therapy is known to have beneficial results for individuals suffering with a variety of cognitive disorders, such as that of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). PTSD is an anxiety disorder which plagues patients after the event or multiple events of trauma which instill painful memories and later manifests itself as a wide variety…. [read more]


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in War Veterans Term Paper

… ¶ … post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as it is presented in the popular press. Often popular topics such as PTSD are reviewed by authors without a clear understanding of the research or data. Although the popular press provides the laymen with a clear means for accessing critical health information, often a clear evaluation of the research from which data is gleaned cannot be effectively assessed by the reader. Using this as a basis for investigation, this research considers a recent article published by New Scientist on the topic of PTSD (MacKenzie, 2005). Through a careful review of the article and a review of the scholarly literature published on this disorder, it will be possible to effectively evaluate the overall quality of the information provided in…. [read more]


War Veteran PTSD Stigma and Interventions Research Paper

… This will open the door for more interventions—and the issue of screening should also be considered. These are the topics I would like to pursue in greater detail.



References


  1. Christova, P., James, L. M., Engdahl, B. E., Lewis, S. M., & Georgopoulos, A. P. (2015). Diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) based on correlations of pre-whitened fMRI data: outcomes and areas involved. Experimental brain research, 233(9), 2695-2705.

  2. Jakupcak, M., Conybeare, D., Phelps, L., Hunt, S., Holmes, H. A., Felker, B., ... & McFall, M. E. (2007). Anger, hostility, and aggression among Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans reporting PTSD and subthreshold PTSD. Journal of Traumatic Stress: Official Publication of The International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, 20(6), 945-954.

  3. Kearney, D. J., McDermott, K., Malte, C., Martinez,…. [read more]


Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Addictive Drug Essay

… Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Addictive Drug Treatments

The two ongoing U.S. military involvements in Iraq and Afghanistan have dramatically increased the numbers of American servicemen and service women returning from overseas service with traumatic physical and psychological injuries and disabilities that complicate their re-assimilation back into civilian society and emotionally stable interpersonal relationships. Among the more difficult conditions to resolve satisfactorily are the long-term conditioned psychological responses to prolonged repeated exposure to threats to one's life and to numerous experiences of losing comrades in combat and witnessing the graphic human carnage of modern warfare.

Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSS) or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a condition caused by warfighting and its symptoms can be highly debilitating. Generally, PTSD treatments have focused on…. [read more]


CBT and PTSD Research Paper

… Cognitive behavioral conjoint therapy (CBCGT) has been found to be the only disorder specific BCT that has a design for treating all PTSD symptoms and for enhancing the ability to the veteran to function correctly in relationships. Included in treatment are conflict management strategies that enhance the safety of the veteran and their family members along with behavioral interventions for decreasing avoidance in the veteran and dyadic communication and cognitive interventions for addressing the maladaptive thinking patterns in veterans and in maintaining PTSD symptoms and relationship distress.

Recommendations

Arising from this study and specifically the literature review conducted in this study are recommendations for additional research in the study of cognitive behavioral interventions for treatment of PTSD in wartime veterans. Included in the recommendations for…. [read more]


PTSD of Single Mother Solders and Effect of Their Young Children Essay

… PTSD in Single Mothers Soldiers and the Impact of Deployment on Young Children

National Guard and reservists together with active duty military workers encounter several deployments as an outcome of the clashes, which comprise the War on Terror. A huge research body has accumulated on the behavioral health issues experienced by the military workers as an outcome of these disagreements. In approximately the last decade and a half, a developing research area reveals the negative effect on families, youth, and children of the U.S. military workers. Kids from military families frequently encounter several stressors prior to and in the period of deployment of their parents and when they return home (Sogomonyan & Cooper, 2010). In the absence of suitable mental health support arrangements, military workers'…. [read more]

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