Viewing papers 1-18 of 18 for prevention AND of AND suicide AND in AND jails AND and AND prisons

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Prevention of Suicide in Jails and Prisons Essay

… Often, when a prisoner is predisposed to two or more risk factors, they have higher risks of committing suicide. Prisoners are often more likely to commit suicide if they show the warning signs of suicide earlier discussed. Other situations that may lead them to commit suicide include receiving bad news about their family, friends or relatives, marital problems, conflict with inmates they are together with, or tension about their sentences or court hearings and sexual coercion Gunn, Maden, & Swinton, 1991.

Under these circumstances, inmates have often been known to cause suicide.

Why are prison officials obligated to address the problem of prisoner suicide?

Despite prisoners or inmates being stripped off their freedom, they are still entitled to other fundamental rights. They have the right…. [read more]


Prison Overcrowding Term Paper

… Prison Overcrowding

Prisoners' rights

Allegations of abuse

Prison overcrowding

Exploding jail populations

Soaring costs

Pressure on correctional facilities

Effects of overcrowding

Competition for limited resources

Aggression

Higher rates of illness

Increased likelihood of recidivism

Higher suicide rates

Prison Litigation

New prison construction

Convert other facilities to prisons

Economic development

Mandatory sentencing

Fills prison cells

Costs

Reducing prison population

Incarceration of drug users

Serious urban crime down

Publicity up

Makes up most prison population

Losing drug war

Incarceration of mentally impaired

Prisons used as hospitals

Prisons as local shelters

Elimination of parole boards

Emphasis on punishment not rehabilitation

Literacy of prisoners

Educational programs in prison

Reduce recidivism

Enable prisons to find jobs when released

Difficulties of programs

Stress practical applications

Creates more tolerable and humane conditions…. [read more]


Prison Systems Term Paper

… Although the prison system in the Netherlands has long been considered to be liberal, in recent years there have been drastic changes in the system. Boeij (2002) reports that there are four main reforms that have taken place including: the increase in the size of the penitentiary system, putting inmates in facilities in the region in which they live, the centralization of the prisons with the communities and closer collaboration between police, prosecutors and the jails (Boeij 2002).

Adjustment and Behaviors within prison systems

The ability of a prisoner to adjust to prison life is essential to there ability to survive within the prison system. DeRosia (1998) asserts that just as university students differ in their ability to adjust college, inmates also differ in how…. [read more]


Incarcerated Mentally Ill Patients Research Paper

… Because it remains so prevalent, suicide prevention is usually addressed as a separate issue for prison officials, outside the realm of the mentally ill. However, it is also a clear issue with the mentally ill that requires a written and well documented training program for all staff members, training on intervention, and adequate monitoring and housing after the incident. Most agree that the single most effective way of preventing suicide is to have a robust screening program and training for signs and signals (World Health Organization, 2007).

Treatment of Women Offenders -- The characteristics of women offenders differ from that of men to the point where even if we acknowledge there are inadequate resources in total, both substance abuse and mental illness occur at a…. [read more]


Problems of Overcrowding in America's Jails and Prisons Including Plausible Solutions Term Paper

… Overcrowding in American Jails

When Chief of Corrections Statistics Program Allen Beck (2001) testified that prison facilities were less crowded today than they were in the last decade, his report elicited a debate on the definitions of capacity and overcrowding in American prisons and jails (Trovillion 2005). In the opinion of Richard Stalder of the Department of Public Safety and Corrections in Louisiana and as president of the Association of State Correctional Administrators, overcrowding is having more prisons than what resources can support. Another national expert, Vincent Nathan, said that an architect designs a prison for a certain number of people or occupants until the political aspect of capacity enters the picture. When two persons occupy a cell intended for only one, the capacity doubles.…. [read more]


Juvenile Correction Research Paper

… Juvenile Corrections

Before the expansion of the first contemporary juvenile court in 1899, juveniles received trials for violation of the laws in adult criminal courts (Siegel 2009, 699). The upshots were devastating as children got treated as criminal offenders and usually sentenced to adults prisons. Although the following passage of state legislation forming juvenile courts eliminated the problem faced by juvenile tried as adults, the juvenile justice system never acknowledged that some forms of behaviors required that juvenile receive adult trial. Presently, most American jurisdictions offer through law for waiver or transfer, of juvenile offenders to the criminal courts.

In its fundamental form, the choice of whether to waive a juvenile to criminal or adult court requires a transfer hearing. The statutory criteria formed by…. [read more]


Substance Abuse Treatment in Community Corrections Literature Review

… Substance Abuse Treatment in Community Corrections

A one of the newest developments in research literature that has gained much trend and acceptance in the recent past is the idea which postulates that substance abuse treatment is more effective when competent issues such as culture and gender-specific considerations are taken into account. VanderWaal et. al (2001), for instance, argues that consideration of ethnicity and culture is vital for the treatment of young addicts or offenders. Juvenile drug courts are also considering the cultural and ethnic backgrounds of the young offenders for the effective rehabilitation and treatments (Drug Court Clearinghouse, 1997)

As a matter of tradition, gender-based issues were never considered in the juvenile justice system, and female juveniles were meant to fit into the programs that…. [read more]


Inmate Rights in Other Countries Thesis

… ¶ … inmate rights in other countries with those in the United States. In the United States, inmate or prisoner rights are guaranteed according to several different Amendments of the Constitution. Inmates are guaranteed everything from a speedy trial to health care and personal safety. Even in America, that does not always occur, however. There are numerous references to violations of prisoner rights throughout the courts in the United States, as there are in many other countries. Prisoner rights continue to be a contentious, thorny problem for the criminal justice system, and denying prisoners' rights in the U.S. often leads to costly lawsuits that financially strap states and local governments. In many other countries, prisoner rights are essentially non-existent, indicating the wide range of criminal…. [read more]


Mental Health Criminalization in Miami Project

… Using the ecological theory of prevention, it becomes more possible to design cost-effective interventions that target specific populations.

When applying the ecological theory of prevention to the issue of diverting persons with mental health issues away from the criminal justice system and towards mental health services, it is important to factor in social support networks and how to rebuild them, institutional factors such as the availability and design of all organizations like public schools or mental health clinics, and community factors. Community factors are especially important because of the way they can influence social norms and other methods of individual identity and behavior.

The social cognitive theory is similar to the ecological theory of prevention. Both of these theories of prevention could be…. [read more]


Youth Correction Act of 1978 Term Paper

… Youth Correction Act

In 1950 Congress enacted a comprehensive alternative sentencing system for youthful offenders between the ages of eighteen and twenty-six. As part of this Federal Youth Corrections Act (FYCA) provided for the commitment of eligible young offenders to specially established rehabilitative facilities that were, separate from adult offender facilities, so that they would receive "essential varieties of treatment." If the trial judge found, however, that a youth would not benefit from such treatment, the judge could sentence the offender under any other applicable provision. Furthermore, under the FYCA, a trial judge could have a youth committed for observation (Ogletree 11)

Later, the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 (JJDPA) was a comprehensive developmental approach to preventing youth crime based on the…. [read more]


United States Has the Highest Essay

… However, 78% of sentences imposed by United States federal courts in 2005 involved incarceration, whereas 3% of sentences involved only fines and in 2004 70% of convicted felons in state courts were sentenced to incarceration. Essentially, in the United States people are more likely to be sentenced to prison for federal and drug offenses than other countries and these sentences are lengthier in duration. A person sentenced in the United States for burglary will serve about 16 months in prison, whereas in Canada they will serve about 5 months and in England about 7 months. In England only 12% of prisoners, compared to 41% in the United States have been sentenced to 10 years or more. Six percent of prisoners in England convicted of drug…. [read more]


Social Change in Miami Mental Public Health Review

… The most effective social change strategies take multiple factors into account.

The social norms related to mental health will also have a strong impact on whether a person will perceive stigma or lack of support. Likewise, social norms will affect the individual’s outlook on life, promoting either an optimistic or pessimistic worldview. As Swearer & Hymel (2015) point out in a social-ecological model related to bullying prevention, peer group influences, family influences, community factors, and cultural influences can also have strong bearings on either risks or protective factors.

Protective factors provide the individual or family with coping strategies and other means to build resilience. Biophysical protective factors include overall sound physical health and healthy lifestyle. Psychological protective factors include a positive outlook, high…. [read more]


How Forgiveness Effects Human Health Thesis

… S. structuring an eighteen-step procedure of forgiveness. It listed the following development.


  • Assessment of psychological defenses.

  • The resistance of annoyance; the point is to liberate, not dock, the annoyance.

  • Acceptance of disgrace, when this is suitable.

  • Consciousness of harm.

  • Consciousness of cognitive practice (rerunning the scene frequently in one's brain) of the wrongdoing

  • Consciousness that the offended group might be contrasting self with the injurer.

  • Consciousness into a probably distorted 'righteous world' vision. [Issue of justice]

  • Transformations of heart/adaptation/original insights that old declaration plans are not functioning.

  • A readiness to discover forgiveness as an alternative.

  • Assurance to forgive the wrongdoer.

  • Restructuring, during role taking, who the offender is by screening him or her in background.

  • Compassion in the direction of the wrongdoer.

  • Consciousness of…. [read more]


Capital Punishment Term Paper

… Let us the take the case of Michigan for our study. Michigan legal rules presently orders compulsory condemnation of life imprisonment with no scope of parole on such crimes. During 1846, Michigan turned out to be the initial English-speaking government in the globe to eradicate the death penalty. Another eleven states have also banned the death penalty till now. (Kaffer; Alley, 2004) The prohibition on death sentence in Michigan was incorporated in the Michigan Constitution which was agreed to by the voters in 1963. Several attempts by the supporters of death penalty to place before voters- by means of Legislature or petition exercises- have been unsuccessful. From 1991, twenty-five Michigan officers have been murdered. The capital punishment in Michigan got fresh favor following the killings…. [read more]


Drugs on the Economy History Capstone Project

… S. Department of Justice, 2010). Opiates were the primary drug of choice followed by marijuana and stimulants. A half of the admissions were taken to ambulatory facilities as opposed to residential facilities. Drug users react adversely to drugs including non-fatal overdoses. These individuals have to go to the hospital for medical attention. Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) in 2006 posited that out of 113 million hospitals ED visits, 1.5% cases were due to drug abuse or misuse hence causing a massive strain on the healthcare systems (U.S. Department of Justice, 2010).

Cocaine, marijuana, heroine and stimulants abuse prompt these ED visits. The 2007 DAWN survey of 63 metropolitan areas indicated that 12.1 deaths per 100,000 persons were because of drug use. Their records also reflected…. [read more]


Patriot Act vs. Constitutionally Guaranteed Rights Term Paper

… Patriot Act vs. Constitutionally Guaranteed Rights

Patriot Act was passed in haste following the terrorist attacks on the U.S. In 2001. It was reauthorized and amended in 2006. But in its urgency - fueled by extremely fearful times and the mushrooming nationalism spawned by those fears - to provide the legal clout needed to avoid another attack it appears the United States Congress launched its own attack on the Constitution. Specifically, to use a graphic analogy, the U.S. Patriot Act (PA) has slammed into the 4th and 6th Amendments like an airliner into a tall building.

This paper will review the literature surrounding the Patriot Act's intrusion into the Constitution. A review of the issues, the amendments, and how the Patriot Act conflicts with those…. [read more]


Ethics in Criminal Justice Essay

… ¶ … inmates with mental illness when state hospitals close?

Since the 1960s, states have been part of a trend to close state mental hospitals and substitute the same with community mental health centers that most people thought would serve the needs of the mentally ill better. The results have, however, been far from positive -- community facilities have become overcrowded, and have, owing to shrinking budgetary allocations, been forced to increase their costs of treatment (Glazer, 2015). As a result, most mentally ill persons are unable to access mental care services at these facilities; and the situation is even worse for those who are driven to commit petty crimes by their combination of homelessness, drug use and mental illness as they find themselves locked…. [read more]


Interview Project Term Paper

… ¶ … intertwine past readings covered in class into your Preface. You may wish to do so.

Los Angeles, the city of the Angels or the city of stars has a mythical allure that probably touches all or most of its visitors but when you dig down beneath its surface, it dissipates.

I remember the first time, I visited LA. I was like this naive newcomer who was bedazzled by everything and bemused. I wanted to walk to Hollywood, thinking I'd see the celebrities where I'd go and actually jostle against them in the street. In the end, I saw the kiss and go subway (strange name) and the gory museums with the decrepit apartments, nothing like what I thought the famous Hollywood was like.…. [read more]

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