Viewing papers 1-30 of 62 for pro physician AND assisted AND suicide

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Pro-Physician Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia

The debate about Euthanasia is an ancient one but it has acquired a new relevance in recent times as advances in medical science have greatly extended human life-spans and it is now possible to sustain life for indefinite periods through artificial means. A closely related issue is whether it is ethical for physicians to assist in their patients' suicide in order to relieve their pain and suffering. Seemingly weighty arguments have been advanced both for and against the issue, but the debate still remains unresolved. A closer scrutiny of the pro and con arguments, however, reveals that the case against physician-assisted suicide does not carry sufficient weight and it is, in fact, a humane act which should be allowed in all…. [read more]

Assisted Suicide Should Be Legalized Essay

… For those who are afflicted, the right to die in a manner they control is fundamental. They have, by the time they are to make this decision, only their basic human rights. At that point, they are likely stripped of all else -- health and dignity among the things they have lost. They are in a position of constant suffering, and that suffering will only end with death. Death, for the terminally ill, is not only inevitable but it is pending. The AMA suggests that palliative care is sufficient. For those about to die from horrible illness, there is little to expect from palliative care but drug-induced numbness. This denies them the ability to say goodbye on their own terms, but rather to drift into…. [read more]

Physician-Assisted Suicide a Review Term Paper

… The argument could be made that people just die and there is no real difference but there is a strong difference between a good death and a bad one (Brody, 1992). People that are made to be afraid, to suffer, and to rely solely on others for any kind of care often do not wish to live any longer and these people may linger a very long time in this pain and fear before they pass away. Once they have passed away they have no more suffering but the length of suffering that they must endure during the time between when they get sick and when they actually die is often excruciatingly painful not only for them physically and emotionally but for their families emotional…. [read more]

Ethics: Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… The cost of Health care can be reduced. Nurses and Doctors would have more time to save those who are going to live or those who wish to try to stay alive (Friend, 2011). Friends and Family have an opportunity to say their good byes. Also, their organs can be kept in order to help save others. Patients feel they have a selection, and may not be compelled to try other techniques to reduce their agony. The negatives comprise that numerous feel doctor assisted suicide goes against the physicians' Hippocratic Oath.

It also goes against a lot of religious beliefs. Research mentions that patients could give up on life to early. Doctors at times can abuse the procedure. Insurance companies and government could put unwarranted…. [read more]

Assisted Suicide When We Think Term Paper

… Death with dignity is known in the medical and academic literature as physician-assisted suicide. Under the Oregon law a 'mentally competent state resident with a terminal diagnosis and a prognosis of less than six months to live, may request a life-ending prescription from their physician, however, this prescription must be self-administered' (Death 2002).

According to Lisa Vincler from the University of Washington, there are significant distinctions between law and medical ethics in philosophy, function and power.

A court ruling is a binding decision that determines the outcome of a particular controversy.

A statute or administrative code sets a general standard of conduct, which must be adhered to or civil/criminal consequences may follow a breach of the standard. Conversely, an ethics pronouncement which is not adopted…. [read more]

Assisted Suicide, or Called Euthanasia Term Paper

… " In 1995, 21% of the patients who were killed without consent were competent.

The legalization of Physician-Assisted Suicide is still being debated nowadays. Specifically, most of the debates and issues were represented by representatives from the medical practice, from the government, and from religious groups who believe that Euthanasia and Assisted Suicides should not be legalized. Opposing its legalization, Luke Gormally (1997) has the following reasons why Assisted Suicide should not be legalized.

The 'justification' of voluntary euthanasia involves rejection of a tenet fundamental to a just framework of laws in society

To legalize assistance in suicide is also inconsistent with the same fundamental tenet of a just legal system

If voluntary euthanasia is legalized then the most compelling reason for opposing the legalization…. [read more]

Pros and Cons of Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… ¶ … Assisted Suicide

The fright of continuing endless agony, of remaining captive by medical devices, of waning physical reliability and individual self-esteem and being a cause of emotional and monetary depletion on one's near and dear ones - these frights gives force to the campaign for euthanasia and for physician-assisted suicide - PAS. The expressions willful active euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide occasionally are referred interchangeably, bewildering both the medical procedures. Voluntary active euthanasia indicates an intentional involvement by somebody not including the patient whose life is threatened, unswervingly meant to put an end to that life. The victim should be able and fatally sick and should be provide a completely willing and relentless appeal for assistance in ending his life. (Gula, 1999) typical method…. [read more]

Ethical Dilemma of Assisted Research Paper

… This often leads a large percentage of physicians to support religious beliefs during the last stages of life, so that the patient prepares and accepts what is coming. Patients, on the other hand view a "good death" differently, seeing it as a greater individual decision capability. Another study conducted here in the United States was Craig et al. (2009) the explored specifically the beliefs and opinions of physicians in Vermont. Here, about 38% believed that PAS should be legalized, a much higher percentage than national averages. According to the findings of this study, it was the main staple of autonomy that created a situation where physicians were willing to support the legalization of PAS practices. Thus, patient autonomy and individual choice still weigh heavily in…. [read more]

Legal Implications of Assisted Suicide Book Report

… Legal Implications of Assisted Suicide

The way people think about assisted suicide or euthanasia is often determined by their religious beliefs about life and death. However issues regarding the right to die ultimately boil down to matters of the law. The idea of legislators making it legal for doctors to help their terminally ill patients die seems ludicrous to some people, while refusing to pass such a law seems just as ludicrous to others. I believe that it should be legal for doctors to help their terminally ill patients end their lives as long as the patient is completely coherent and able to make rational decisions.

The debate about euthanasia in the United States has centered on the case of Dr. Jack Kevorkian, also known…. [read more]

Cons of Pro-Assisted Suicide Perspective Research Paper

… ¶ … Against Assisted Suicide

There are few topics in medicine today as controversial as the issue of assisted suicide. Though there are perhaps fewer headlines regarding the subject than during Dr. Jack Kevorkian's heyday or the Terri Schiavo, legal and ethical battles regarding the subject are still ongoing. Several states have passed laws legalizing assisted suicide in certain situations, and many other states have considered similar measures. The question is, at what cost? Suicide has been considered wrong by almost every civilization, and proscribed against even in ancient codes of law. What does it say about our modern sensibilities that the human condition has become so degraded and devalued that the thought of another person taking their life -- and worse, that they may…. [read more]

Pros and Cons of Euthanasia Research Paper

… 34). Likewise, critics of euthanasia argue that prohibitions on the intentional killing of others represent a basic precept of legal and human relationships that place a high value on human's basic equality (Somerville, 2003).



Do people have a fundamental right to die when they want? Advocates of euthanasia maintain that people do in fact possess this right under certain circumstances and that some people, such as those suffering terminal illnesses, will be better off dead than alive. Critics of legalizing euthanasia argue that the practice is morally wrong and the fact that the practice requires at least two people, one of them a physician, means that legalizing it would be harmful to the medical profession as well as society at large. In the…. [read more]

Euthanasia, Including Whether to Legalize Term Paper

… A patient must discuss the living will with their physician, so they know it is in place.

Many people also argue that there are many mistakes in the medical field, and that a mistaken diagnosis could cause someone to take their life when it was not necessary. The author continues, "If physicians were often in error about prognosis and diagnosis, then legalizing a mercy-killing process based on such medical expertise was fraught with the potential for abuse" (Dowbiggin 60). This is true, and many opponents of euthanasia cite this as one of the reasons they do not support it. There is also the thought that if euthanasia is allowed, that it will spread to "mercy killings" of the mentally and physically handicapped, the insane, and…. [read more]

Anti) Right to Die Science Term Paper

… This study was conducted on chronically ill patients who have attempted suicide. Many families who were overwhelmed with the difficulties of caring for their ill relatives often did not want them resuscitated. However, the state initiated a program wherein home health care costs would be shouldered by the state. When this program was created, there was a marked decrease in the incidences of suicide. More families also wanted their sick relatives to be resuscitated when needed (American Foundation for Suicide Prevention).

Corollary to pain management and home health care, opponents of the right to die movement also cite subsidized hospice care as another viable alternative. Hospice care workers have often observed that when pain and other symptoms of illness are brought under control, many patients…. [read more]

To End a Suffering Term Paper

… Euthanasia (pro)

Debates regarding the ethical validity of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide date back to ancient times. However, it is reasonably safe to say that little progress has been made towards reaching a consensus one way of the other, either within the field of medicine or the field of philosophy, through the millennia that the topic has been discussed. Largely, this stalemate can be thought of as a consequence of the multiple moral and ethical positions that human societies, and those within them, are routinely required to take. First, each of us has a moral obligation within society to aid those around us -- either by working a job or through charity -- under the condition that the other members of society must aid us…. [read more]

Euthanasia Law Essay

… There is an argument that they are leading a miserable life and mercy killing can help them get rid of pain. What about the killing activities where innocent people are killed. There is no legislation that promotes war. Likewise, there should be no practise of promoting euthanasia.

There can be an argument of incurring high expenses on the care of critical patients who find no better option than death. In this case, the morale of the patients should be boosted so that they have will power to fight the disease. Death is inevitable and has to come, so it is better to let the patients die naturally.

Effect of Euthanasia on Special Population

The population mentioned at website is different from the normal patients who…. [read more]

Policy Analysis on the Oregon Death With Dignity Act Term Paper

… Policy Analysis of Oregon's Death With Dignity Act

David Gil's writings have helped the public understand the true scope of the new Oregon Assisted Suicide law, and as a result, the percentage of Americans who say that doctors should be allowed to help with suicide when the patient and the patient's family request it has doubled to 70%.

The fact that Oregon's law was a citizen's initiative that passed and other facts concerning physician-assisted suicides that have surfaced recently signal a renaissance of activism on the part of citizens who wish to change existing law on that topic. Even with the new Oregon law, it is not easy to participate, as there are requirements that make it difficult to obtain permission.

David Gil's Policy Analysis…. [read more]

Euthanasia: "Should Physicians Be Allowed Term Paper

… Inconvenienced relatives could be encouraged to persuade patients to "voluntarily" ask for death; handicapped children and senile persons who are considered as burdens on the families and societies could be the next targets.

Another valid concern associated with assisted suicide is its potential for abuse as a cost containment tool. "Lethal medication" has been termed as the "least costly treatment for any illness" and with the increasing emphasis in recent years on cutting health care costs, legalized assisted suicide can be used by health service providers as a convenient way for cutting costs. Since physicians' preferences strongly influence the preferences of the patients (especially those involved in end of life treatment), it is easy for doctors to persuade their patients into 'voluntarily' requesting assisted suicide.…. [read more]

Euthanasia Is Illegal Essay

… Proponents of assisted death do not recognize the possibility of misdiagnosis


Proponents of legalization of assisted suicide believe that if assisted suicide aims at ending intolerable and unmanageable suffering, then doctors should render it to patients but upon request. They argue that patients hold the autonomy to decide what is good for them. For patients with incurable diseases which essentially makes the patient lack the meaning and purpose of existence, assisted death should be their best option as this will lessen they distress and emotional suffering of people close to her (Levene 205). For instance, Michael, the husband to Terrie felt that the only option to ease his emotional pain and that of his wife was to help her die through withdrawing the feeding…. [read more]

Voluntary Euthanasia the Right to Die Term Paper

… Euthanasia: Pros and Cons

Euthanasia is the most debated topic in medical circles carrying very sensitive ethical and moral implications to it. While by no means can the right to put an end to life be considered a rightful decision sometimes the plight of the patient justifies this merciful intervention. A careful study of the pros and cons of the issue is necessary to help us get a better perspective.

Euthanasia is a Greek word which means painless death. Euthanasia is the medical term for ending the suffering of the patients who are terminally ill with unbearable pain. It has been the most debated topic in medical domains stirring conflicting views about the acceptability of the procedure. 'Fear factor' is at the root of both…. [read more]

Euthanasia (Pro) the Debate About Euthanasia (Greek Term Paper

… Euthanasia (pro)

The debate about Euthanasia (Greek for "happy death") is an ancient one but it has acquired a new relevance in recent times as advances in medical science have greatly extended human life-spans and it is now possible to sustain life for indefinite periods through artificial means. Such advancement has created new legal and ethical problems in determining when to use medical interventions to prolong a patient's life, and when a patient should be permitted to die. Seemingly valid arguments have been advanced both for and against euthanasia. However, after examining both pro and con arguments, as done in this essay, it only seems reasonable to me that the right to die should be an individual decision.

Different Kinds of Euthanasia

The debate about…. [read more]

Euthanasia and Egoism Research Paper

… , 1980.

They will not consider others in their actions. The person believes that by promoting their own good they are in accordance with morality. They will believe that for as long as they are doing what they see is best for them, then what they decide to do is morally right Annas, 2008.

Having such a belief would deny a person the opportunity to think what others are feeling. The person is only interested in avoiding pain as much as possible. An egoist believes that it is best if they die instead of suffering for long periods. The effect of euthanasia on an egoist would satisfy their own interests, but this would have a devastating effect on the loved ones. Considering their own interests,…. [read more]

Young Term Paper

… Ashcroft has attempted to overturn the actions of Attorney General Janet Reno, who ruled in favor of Oregon's interpretation of the federal Controlled Substances Act as allowing physicians to prescribe lethal levels of drugs.

In large measure because of her support, the "Death with Dignity Act" went into effect in October 1997. This law includes a variety of safeguards to prevent the kinds of abuses that opponents of physician-assisted suicide often argue will become all too common. These guidelines imposed on physician-assisted suicide include a requirement that the patient be competent; that that voluntariness of the request be documented in writing and confirmed by two witnesses; that the request be confirmed by a second physician; and that the physician and patient observe certain waiting periods,…. [read more]

Examining Identity and Assimilation Essay

… Euthanasia has had a long history. Greeks and Romans allowed the euthanizing of people under certain circumstances. Euthanasia is the practice of ending a person's life for the sole purpose of relieving the person's body from excruciating pain and suffering due to an incurable disease. The term euthanasia is often referred to as mercy killing or the 'good death' as derived from the Greeks. Euthanasia can be classified into four categories. In active euthanasia, a person's life is terminated by a doctor through a lethal dose of medication. Passive euthanasia implies non-provision of life-sustaining treatment to a patient based on logical reasoning or in other words doing nothing to save a person's life by abstaining to give life saving measures like putting a person on…. [read more]

Euthanasia: The Good Death You Matter Essay

… ¶ … Euthanasia: The Good Death

"You matter because you are you.

You matter to the last moment of your life, and we will do all we can, not only to help you die peacefully, but also to live until you die."

-Dame Cicely Saunders, founder of Hospice

The history of the euthanasia debate is long and the debate continues to be hotly contested across the globe. Indeed, as far back as 400 B.C., Hippocrates, the "father of medicine" and Greek physician, set forth the foundation from which the medical community would base its practice: "I will give no deadly medicine to any one if asked, nor suggest any such counsel" ("INFORMATION for RESEARCH on EUTHANASIA, PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE;" "NOVA, Doctors' Diaries"). Accordingly, our modern physicians…. [read more]

Healthcare -- Legal Issues Medical Ethics Term Paper

… Healthcare -- Legal Issues


The National Practitioner Data Bank (NPDB) collects information regarding the professional competence and conduct of physicians, dentists, and other health care providers. The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution limits unlawful search and seizure. Aren't these two laws in conflict? Take a position either for or against the NPDB and support your rationale.

The NPDB is not in conflict with constitutional principles or with Fourth

Amendment protections against unlawful search and seizure. The Fourth Amendment protects the personal papers and effects of individual citizens, not information maintained by others relating exclusively to professional competence in regulated industries. There is no constitutional right to practice medicine; it is a privilege requiring specific academic credentials and satisfaction…. [read more]

Against Euthanasia Death Term Paper

… S. Attorney General from allowing exceptions, and its effect would have overruled the Oregonian Death With Dignity law, which permits physicians to assist terminally ill people in committing suicide

The constitutionality of such a Federal law was highly doubtful. The U.S. Supreme Court decision of 1997 implied that states could pass laws, which permit physician - assisted suicide, and that individuals would then have a right to take advantage of these laws if they wish. The Federal Government would hardly be able to prevent such access. The law stalled in Congress and has not been revived at this writing.

If the law had been passed, it would have had a profound effect on the management of pain: from a positive aspect, patients currently unmedicated or…. [read more]

Geriatric Right to Die Research Paper

… Geriatric Right to Die

The debate about whether geriatric people or terminally ill people should be given right to end their lives to avoid constant pain and sufferings is a long- standing debate ever since the idea was first identified in our society. The man kind have developed certain rules under the moral or ethical code to promote the freedom of an independent and his right to live on his own will but the right to die or often referred as rational suicide is the long-lasting and unresolved matter as the issue is not only ethically complex but also has several societal and religious connotations associated with it. Additionally, the dependent nature of many geriatric patients further complicate the issue as the older patients as…. [read more]

Ethics the Terri Schiavo Case Term Paper

… " (Lazzaerini et al., 2006)

Related issues are those to do with physician assisted dying and with, generally, helping a willing patient to die. Torke et al. (2008) argue that guardian judgment is often used as decision-making when a patient lacks the cognitive abilities to decide treatment for herself. Surrogate decision-making, however, has its own flaws and should be replaced by something more rational. Tong et al. (20080 argue that the decision whether or not to prolong a patient's life should focus on the patient's dignity and individuality rather than on his or her autonomy. This is the crux of the Schiavo case.

Summarize your analysis and conclude by discussing what could have been done to avoid this ethical issue.

The Terri Schiavo case was…. [read more]

Right to Die Why Patients Term Paper

… Right to Die

Why Patients Should Be Able to Control When and How They Die

Patients should be able to control when and how they die

It is immoral to force a person to endure unremitting, unbearable, or prolonged pain

End of life conditions rob people of their dignity and will to live (Bernstein, 1997)

Elderly patients endure unnecessary pain before they die (Foley, 1995 and Isaacs and Knickman, 1997).

The medical community can adequately address pain management.

There are some patients that whose pain cannot be managed (the medical management of pain).

Various other factors such as inability to afford the medications, lack of physician skill, and the side effects of medications prevent pain treatment (the medical management of pain).

Personal and Religious Beliefs…. [read more]

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