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Project Risk Management in R&D Organizations Research Proposal

… One of the key facts pointed in literature is that allowing risk sharing and reducing risk aversion strengthens the process of project procurement. Risk management in procurement has been identified to be among the key focus zones of modern procurement management practices.

For a project development to succeed, the risk management strategies should be put in place. It must be appreciated that risk management reduces costs. For instance, in construction projects, private customers pay more than public ones depending on the risk management strategies. Overall, it indicates that the supplier assumes the risks that determine the price imposed on them by the procurer.

Procurement Risk Management

Most organizations regardless of their maturity, size or industry have key concerns regarding the management of…. [read more]

Corporate Risk Management Associated Risks Term Paper

… Corporate Risk Management: Associated Risks

Research and development (R&D) plays a key role in the life and well-being of a company. Indeed, it is are essential factor if a company is to survive in the increasingly competitive world of business. In a wider sense, R&D benefits the community at large by providing not only the best in service, but also in new products. Through R&D, humanity develops to increasingly facilitate life in the 21st century and beyond. Because this strategy requires a continual strategy of innovation and competition, it often entails risk factors that might be unforeseen and/or unknown to the manager of a company. R&D is therefore a field in which risk management plays an extremely important role in order to minimize the risk…. [read more]

Toyota SWOT Analysis Organizational SWOT

… Toyota SWOT Analysis

Organizational Analysis of the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats of Toyota Motor Corporation

Toyota Motor Corporation is one of the largest and most diversified auto manufacturers globally today, with supply chains and production systems that span across over 70 nations with sourcing, procurement and quality management systems unified to their manufacturing centers. The high level of complexity inherent in these operations have made it essential for Toyota to create one of the most advanced supply chain management systems globally, the Toyota Production System (TPS) (Dyer, Nobeoka, 2000). This system is the galvanizing force of their entire operations and is so complete in its coverage of supply chain operations, it takes approximately one year to get suppliers up to speed and to the…. [read more]

Organizational Change of Northrop Grumann Term Paper

… Look and act like one company and not separate businesses.

2. Provide uniform and secure access to company resources.

3. Standardized from anywhere in the country on one network protocol, one calendar and one desktop manager.

4. Provide one standard way to collaborate.

5. Be common and consistent across the organization but not identical necessarily. McGovern, et al. (2004)

Three Phases in the IT Process of Consolidation:

Three phases in the IT process of consolidation were:

Phase I: Data Analysis Phase: no system changes with the purpose of understanding new environments in relation to:



Full Synergy Potential.

Phase II: First changes to IT system in this phase with the purpose of providing rapid access to critical business systems, establishing firewall connection to Northrop…. [read more]

Individual Project This Week Submitting Case Study

… International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 3, 168-177.

Yousef (2013)

. This paper examines the consumption of oil products in 7 OPEC countries. The researcher attempts to demonstrate the demand of oil in the OPEC countries and also the production. The researcher also attempts to assess the impact that this demand will have on the future availability of oil exports from OPEC. According to the data collected by Yousef (2013)

for 1980-2010, there has been a considerable increase in the consumption of oil by OPEC countries. This has resulted in the countries becoming the fastest growing oil consumers in the world.

Arguments to be presented

With the increase in the consumption of oil by OPEC members, there is also an increase in the oil…. [read more]

Best Buy CO. Inc Case Study

… This has increase the threat of legal complications in case the company fails to meet legal or social expectations. On the contrary, the task environment improvement has made it possible for the firm to use information technology to gain a competitive advantage over its rivals as well as better manage its internal resources.

IV- Internal Environment: Strengths and Weakness

A- Corporate Structure

The corporate structure of Best Buy is hierarchical as well as cross-functional. Having viewed the composition of executive management and board of directors, it becomes evident the company lacks talent that can anticipate the future trends in retail sector, specifically the impact of online retailing upon the traditional bricks and mortar retailing. Most of the members of board of directors have rich experience…. [read more]

Pharmaceutical Industries Have to Operate Term Paper

… The data that was evaluated was a combination from book, journal articles, review papers and the Internet. The information reviewed pertained to a wide variety of situations and industries. There were some common trends observed in all the material. The commitment of the management and the involvement of the worker are critical no matter what the condition of the external and internal environment the company faces. Integrating the core function -- marketing and sale of products along with the goals and the objectives of the organization is the new route the organization has to now follow.

A distillation of the interviews will be provided in Chapter 2.


Understanding the main…. [read more]

Innovation in Operations Management Thesis

… Innovation in Operations Management

Throughout the past recent decades, various factors emerged to force organizations to adapt along. Issues such as globalization, market liberalization or international affairs have generated mutations in the way stakeholders behave. As a result then, economic entities had to develop and implement strategies customized to the new needs and demands. In the contemporaneous era, the most useful such strategy is given by a differentiation achieved through an increased emphasis on corporate core competencies. "The most powerful way to prevail in global competition is still invisible to many companies. During the 1980s, top executives were judged on their ability to restructure, declutter, and delayer their corporations. In the 1990s, they'll be judged on their ability to identify, cultivate, and exploit the core…. [read more]

International Management in This Course, We Base Essay

… International Management

In this course, we base our study of international management on a contingency framework. This framework allows a systematic review of all the aspects and factors related to understanding management in a global economy.

The framework consists of several components. Describe each component and explain how the components relate to each other.

The contingency framework relies on the PESTEL model to define the external environment while the internal environment is comprised of the people who make up the organization. A core element of the contingency framework is the culture which is critically important for managing the overall stability and resiliency of the business. Within the cultural component is the definition of macro-structural and micro-structural components and considerations. Within each of these elements is…. [read more]

Leadership Priorities and Practice Research Paper

… The effective management of Joint Ventures (JV)s and the creation of highly complex, successful products is the single greatest predictor of the level of profitability they attain (Piercy, 2009).

By relying on the four foundational elements of transformational leadership, Cincom is seeking to accelerate the migration of their applications from on-premise or licensed platforms to Cloud-based architectures. Infusing ownership into the tasks related to migrating Cincom applications from one operating system and platform to another is difficult given the cultural biases in the company and the pride of development. Yet the potential to increase ones' persona and professional growth, coupled with the opportunity to contribute to Cincom growing at a pace never before seen before, are effectively being used by its leaders to galvanize their…. [read more]

Analysis of the U S and Russian Pharmaceutical Industries Capstone Project

… [18: 'Russia to accept U.S.-approved drugs' (1994).]

Nevertheless, there have been some recent trends and events that have significant implications for the future of the MOU. In some cases, these trends and events have represented positive actions in support of the MOU. For example, Bonnstetter (2018) emphasizes that, 'The development of the Russian pharmaceutical market has coincided with broad changes to industry practices. The emphasis on growing the local market has increased Russian-manufactured drugs in the market and has also created fairly pro-industry policies.'[footnoteRef:19] Conversely, there have been some trends and events in Russia in recent months and years that may have adverse implications for the MOU. In this regard, Bonnstetter (2018) adds that, 'Recent events, such as a merger between state corporation Rostec and…. [read more]

Career Plans - Goals - Reflections Term Paper

… Career Plans - Goals - Reflections

Career Objectives

Because of the rapidly expanding global economy, one that defies geographical boundaries, a need exists for meaningful and optimal solutions to economic and financial problems. These problems center on the unprecedented explosion of free trade and interaction of financial markets globally. The global expansion described has augmented the complexity of the financial marketplace and hence, provides multiple opportunities for financial savvy individuals to develop new and better tools and techniques in the field of financial management, planning and development to name a few.

Short/Long-Term Goals

In the short-term, I plan to become a successful finance professional, one responsible for designing financial products that cater to the demands of the ever-changing and diverse financial markets. My short-term goals…. [read more]

Enterprise Systems Development Strategy British Essay

… The continuous pressure on tobacco industry to produce non-toxic products has made BAT to integrate the sustainable supply chain across overall operation of the company. For example, the BAT has integrated the ERP to facilitate the extensive research and development (R&D) to produce low toxicant smokeless tobacco products as well modifying the production of cigarettes. As being pointed out by BAT top executive "sustainability for us is about creating shared value, which means creating economic value for shareholders while ensuring our business is run responsibly in the interests of all our stakeholders." (Annual Report, 2011 P. 6).

Eshlaghi et al. (2011) reveal that the complexity that modern business face in the dynamic and changing environment has forced organization to adopt innovative systems to make profits…. [read more]

Corporate Compliance Plan on Riordan Manufacturing Thesis

… Riordan Compliance

Riordan Corporate Compliance Plan

The following corporate compliance plan has been developed to manage the legal liabilities of Riordan Manufacturing's officers and directors. The company expects its leadership to serve as models for all employees in the company in regards to ethical and legal conduct in all actions, and there are several areas of decision making and influence that the officers and directors of Riordan Manufacturing hold that require special knowledge of legal obligations and restraints. This corporate compliance plan will detail many of these specific concerns, as well as providing a basic template to ensure compliance with proper procedures, policies, and legal and ethical considerations at all levels of the business, which must necessarily come from the top of the organization if…. [read more]

Riordan Corporate Compliance Plan Thesis

… Riordan Corporate Compliance Plan

Riordan Manufacturing

Riordan Manufacturing is an international plastic producer, which has along the years managed to create and sustain a stable relationship network with various stakeholders across the globe. The company's future plans focus on strengthening Riordan's position within the global industry and consolidating the role it plays.

Yet, this massive success comes with a massive responsibility -- that of doing right by all of our shareholders, be them organizational staff members, customers, shareowners, purveyors, governmental agencies, non-governmental institutions, the general public and so on. All these responsibilities are gathered up in this report of compliance, in which the main elements of compliance -- the alternative dispute resolution, the enterprise and product liability, the international law, the tangible and intellectual property,…. [read more]

Senior Executives Dupont Divesture Conoco Essay

… According to Parkes (1998), "DuPont, the diversified chemicals group, is to dispose its core Conoco oil and gas business and spend the proceeds on life sciences operations, where it sees opportunities for faster growth. Divesture will start with an initial public offering this year of 20 per cent of the world's ninth largest oil producer. It would be one of the biggest such deals on record, says Dupont. The remainder would be disposed of either through further stock offerings or spin-offs to Conoco shareholders as soon as "practicable" says DuPont." (Parkes, 1998)

The recommendation is similar to the IPO rollout of the divesture. DuPont should divest 47% of the company via the initial public offering IPO and invest 1/3 of the proceeds into an interest…. [read more]

Glaxosmithkline (Gsk) - Successful Internal Case Study

… If its products are too expensive, they would not be purchased by the population -- both individuals as well as medical institutions.

The need to evaluate and select means by which the production and distribution of costly products can be ensured. Throughout its existence, GSK has developed a series of strategic partnerships which have helped it serve society needs, and it has also made significant donations.

Other examples could also be offered, but the main idea has been pointed out -- internal complexities generate special evaluation needs at several stages of organizational processes, from research and development, to manufacturing and distribution. The evaluation of the progress towards the stated innovation goals is completed due to the array of GSK characteristics which influence the process. The…. [read more]

Inter-Firm R&#38D Partnership Term Paper

… ¶ …

the Determinants of Success in R&D Alliances

Innovation is an increasingly important dimension of competition in technology intensive industries. In seeking innovation, individual firms often find that external knowledge and research partners are critical to success. Innovation is often the result of synthesizing or "bridging" ideas from different knowledge domains (Hargadon and Sutton, 2000; Burt, 2004). Therefore, firms increasingly enter into research and development (R&D) alliances with other firms to combine complementary knowledge in the pursuit of new innovative technologies. Indeed, many governments around the world support cooperative research activities in the expectation that collaborating firms will successfully develop new technologies that will improve economic competitiveness.

Unfortunately, while R&D alliances have become a popular mechanism to pursue innovation, prior research suggests that…. [read more]

Strategies in Action Term Paper

… Businesses engaged in the 'transfer process must be careful in application of Western benchmarking criteria relating to performance, therefore the soft budget constraints imposed on local firms and their resultant excessive gearing through lending facilitated by local authorities looks a recipe for disaster when Western financial liquidity ratios are applied'. The characteristics pertaining to the entrepreneurial environment are molded by the processes of management at the local level. In this regard, the local government has experienced different issues i.e. 'fixing rates of taxation and finance but with substantial freedom' (Allan, 2003).

Alliance is explained as the coordination between two or more competent companies. It is believed that horizontal alliance will create negative impact on the competitive situation in the market, 'they frequently run afoul of…. [read more]

Antigua Guatemala Coffee Business Plan

… Any well-funded and large company, where capital is not an issue might be potential entrants because they have a solid brand image in the business sector (Blackwell, 2011).

Rivalry: in this market segment, there are many big players. With the high number of small-scale coffee shops, big players must battle with small players across the market segments. With customers increasingly taking coffee home, it provides the convenience, which is the main factor for players. There is an intense competition in this industry, as companies must battle each other to increase their customer base.

Bargaining power of suppliers: there is a high bargaining power for suppliers. The developments in technological innovations like the automated coffee machines and espresso machines have made them bargain over the industry.…. [read more]

US Auto Term Paper

… U.S. AUTO Benchmarking Research

US Auto is an American car manufacturer with an important past on the American car market, but with a less brilliant present and future, as the company is currently struggling for survival. The company's main negative issues that need to be corrected are related to outdated line plant assets, inflated labor costs, and lack of any significant prospects that could provide some sort of boost in the company's future profitability. The only aspect that U.S. Auto is putting its hopes on is a hybrid gas-electric engine that the company has created. Given the fact that negotiations with AutoMex have failed, the company must find other strategies to help it survive.

Therefore, U.S. Auto should consider benchmarking as a method of diminishing…. [read more]

Simulation the Basic Steps Essay

… Question 3 -- The basic information needed includes the goal timeline; the amount of resources (fiscal, human, and product) available, and the ability and time of dedication of those resources to the project. On mini-projects that are co-dependent upon one another, it is vital to find a way to keep the human resources busy. Thus, tradeoffs might include moving a person from one mini-project to another based on problems with the first project, or realigning and reassigning resources to more appropriate areas as required.

Question 4 -- The beauty of keeping the project on a spreadsheet or table is that it can more easily be reordered based on critical dependencies and issues that occur. One can easily see that in order for the sink and…. [read more]

Marketing Research: Apples' Products and Brands Case Study

… The threat to restricting customer options is that it could jeopardize if this technique carries on too long. Therefore, Apple Company could possibly box itself into a corner if they modify strategy too late to match clients (Deidu, 2012).


Apple Company is a relative newbie in the electronic consumables industry. Nevertheless, via advancement and courageous experimentation, they have completely changed the field. They still appear to be somewhat established in their old strategy as a PC hardware and software producer and also appear to be somewhat hesitant to modify their business methods, this could be a prospective drawback. This technique has so far been effective in the last several years as their consumer electronics have grown, but as technology continues modifying, they could easily…. [read more]

Marketing SLP Target Market Brand Case Study

… Strengths

Strong Brand


Heavily Capitalized

Customer Loyalty


Environmental Supply Chain Issues

Human Rights Issues in the Supply Chain

Internal Management Issues


Grow Market Share

Find New Product Niches

Continue to Diversify Current Product Mix


Competitive Industry Pressures

Negative Publicity


V. Competitor Analysis

Apple faces fierce competition in all of the various markets in which it operates. For example, in the PC market and accessories, many companies offer similar products. In this market Apple must compete with major market players such as IBM, Dell, HP and Toshiba. There is also a big opportunity in the online media market as a media provider, Apple's iTunes and iPod face pressure from Netflix and other streaming services that are now gaining in popularity. In…. [read more]

American Airlines the Airline Industry Term Paper

… American Airlines

The airline industry in the United States of America is a developed one and there is the possibility of further development. American Airlines is the biggest air carrier in the U.S. And has numerous strategic advantages, such as the capacity to take millions of people to five continents on a very well organized schedule, proving them with all the desired comfort using safe planes and a well organized route network. The company must nevertheless face the competition represented amongst others, by Delta Airlines and Northwest Airlines. The major competitive advantages of these companies is represented by their capacity to take people to continents where American does not fly, such as Africa, their efficacious organization and their fare policies. Considering this facts, it could…. [read more]

Aeronautics National Space Craft Program Proposal Establishment Research Paper

… Aeronautics

National Space Craft Program Proposal

Establishment of a Special committee on Special development

Apollo 1 (as-204)

Apollo 7 (as 205)

Apollo 9 (as 504)

Apollo 10 (as 505)

Apollo 11 (as 506)

Apollo 12 (as 507)

Apollo 13 (as 508)

Apollo 14 (as 509)

Apollo 15 (as 510)

Apollo 16 (as 511)

Apollo 17 (as 512)

Management Lessons

Apollo 1

Management lesson

Apollo communications and Design

Management Lesson

Estimated cost of Research and Development

The Apollo service module has greatly contributed to the development of Space exploration. With the development of different blocks and modifications done on the design and safety requirements, the Apollo has become more efficient than it was at it's inception. It has been characterized by a series of space launches…. [read more]

Compare and Contrast the Differing Definitions of Critical Term Paper

… ¶ … integrating critical as well as thinking. But several earlier conceptualizations try to concentrate primarily on the process of thinking and avoid its important qualifier, i.e of critical. Hence they tend to give over importance to the process of thinking and reduce the importance of critical aspects. Encouraging and facilitating the process of critical thinking of students is now being considered as an increasingly significant objective for higher education. Analyzing the element of critical thinking of students is important for estimating its progress. (Cheung; Kwan; Yue, 2002) Those whose education have not trained them to deal critically with issues as well as conflicts are in fact not being enabled to interact efficiently with other people, whether be it be the same or varied from…. [read more]

Mncs Serving the Needs of Customers Book Report

… MNCs Serving the Needs of Customers at the Bottom of the Economic Pyramid

Multinational Corporations' Marketing & Selling Strategies

Across the Economic Spectrum

The emphasis on how to create a profitable business model for those countries and entire regions of the world with per capita incomes below $10,000 a year is typically referred to as marketing to the Bottom of the Pyramid (BOP). There are several thought leaders who have intensively the business and market development, pricing, product development and services in nations and regions of the world who have low per capita incomes. The foremost expert in this field was the late C.K. Prahalad, who was the most prolific researcher and writer of many of the experts and thought leaders covering this area of…. [read more]

Panelized and Modular Building Systems Is Less Dissertation

… ¶ … panelized and modular building systems is less common in the UK than abroad and the potential for this to provide a solution for future needs

Housing shortage after the Second World War, rising of housing demand and increase in the defective traditional houses prompt the UK government to adopt sustainable housing development. The major government aim is to improve the method the housing are being built in the UK to address the housing shortage and enhance cost effectiveness within the housing production. Additionally, the changing in the market forces for housing coupled with the planning policy is forcing the house-building industry to reconsider the approach they employ to build houses in the UK. More importantly, population increase in the UK within the last…. [read more]

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