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Promoting Performance Culture in Organizations Enhancing Sustainable Organizational Productivity of SME's in Gambia Dissertation

… ¶ … independence less than half a century ago, the Gambia stands at a vital crossroads in its brief history as a nation today. On the one hand, the Gambia enjoys the natural beauty, friendly people, low cost of living and geographic proximity to Europe to make it a desirable tourist destination, particularly for those who are interested in so-called eco-tourism. On the other hand, though, the Gambia lacks many of the natural resources that have helped similarly situated countries become economically viable in an increasingly globalized marketplace. Indeed, a majority of the nation's citizenry is still heavily dependent on agriculture for their livelihood, and literacy rates in the Gambia remain dismally low. In this environment, identifying opportunities for promoting a performance culture in Gambian…. [read more]

Gambia Financing Impact on Entrepreneurs Research Proposal

… The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD, 2017) is another source with its report “Gambia: Formulating the National Entrepreneurship Policy.” The study by Jaabi (2018) will be helpful and the study by Quartey, Turkson, Abor and Iddrisu (2017) entitled “Financing the growth of SMEs in Africa: What are the contraints to SME financing within ECOWAS?” will be used as well.


  1. Auronen, L. (2003, May). Asymmetric information: theory and applications. In Seminar of Strategy and International Business as Helsinki University of Technology.

  2. Berger, A., & Black, L. (2011). Bank Size, Lending Technologies and Small Business Finance. Banking and Finance, 35, 724 - 735

  3. Bergman, M. M. (Ed.). (2008). Advances in mixed methods research: Theories and applications. Sage.

  4. Cressy, R. (1996). Commitment…. [read more]

Gambia, Africa the Republic Term Paper

… S.-Africa cooperation on peace and security, which emphasizes proactive mechanisms for the early control of budding conflicts. The Gambia must exercise greater political flexibility in dealing with its political opponents, in implementing economic development incentives instead of armed conflicts and the legal prosecution of warlords and ranking supporters.

US strategic global interests may change and, in fact, have changed (Haley et al. 2005) as they did after the September 11, 2001 World Trade Center and Pentagon terrorist attacks. The U.S. has declared a proactive war against terrorist organizations, which now characterizes American geopolitical thinking. After 40 years of foreign relations with sovereign African nations, such as The Gambia, indicators by the World Bank, the United Nations Development Program and the January 2005 report of the…. [read more]

Child Sex Tourism Consent Essay

… Here had been initiatives for law making as the parliament has passed laws for the child labor protection and women rights. The central bureau of investigation has also played its role in developing 107 new anti-trafficking units in various states (U.S. Dept. Of State, 2011).

It required the government officials including the police and other law enforcement agencies to take an active part in curbing the human trafficking issues. The sex, labor, women, child, house hold, and industrialized labor arte all under the cruel acts of child labor, prostitution, and forced bonded labor. The training and awareness among communities along with the strict legal action for the rackets of these activities are required to improve the situation withinthe country. The sex labor should also be…. [read more]

Corporate Universities Investigation of Their Development Internationally in the Field Sector of Tourism Term Paper

… Corporate universities"-investigation of their development internationally in the field/sector of tourism.

In this paper, it will be discussed how corporate universities function internationally and otherwise. From there, their development process of tourism will be discussed and how it is affecting its organized culture. Going public will be addressed as an option in order to improve the development of tour. Finally, this paper will concluded the development has had many successes despite their slow start but will continue to defeat them.

Corporate universities fall under the direction of motivation by the following example, which helps them with the plans with the sector of tourism. "Corporate universities are created for different purposes. Some are developed to bring fresh life to the old training and development department. Others…. [read more]

CPI and Global Economy Essay

… History Of Quantification

Corruption Quantified

Country comparisons serve many purposes: Economic, political, social, educational, and so on. Many countries -- and likely all of the developed countries -- conduct country comparisons that are focused on international trade and overall national economic status. The collection of international economic data has been increasingly influenced by sophisticated strategy and technique, largely because national fiscal markets are globally linked and multinational corporations engage at high rates with foreign supply chain vendors (Podobnik, et al., 2008). Measures such as the gross domestic product (GDP), the consumer price index (PCPI), general government gross and net debt, and purchasing power parity (PPP) are all used to understand the economic status, monetary exchange, and other fiscal dynamics in different countries ("WEO," 2014). Discourse…. [read more]

Development Economics Term Paper

… ¶ … Economics: Still Rolling: China's GDP Hits 8.7%

Still rolling… (Song Shengxia and An Baije, 2010) focuses on the state of the Chinese economy in a context in which 2009 was a difficult year for most global economies. China however managed to capitalize on its protectionist policies and its production and export capabilities and as such maintain a positive growth trend. Still, in their attempts to minimize the negative impact of the internationalized financial crisis, the Chinese banking sector granted more loans than normally, creating as such a risky situation of massive debt -- the very core of the current economic crisis. Aside increasing debt levels, future problems could also be posed by overproduction and incremental inflationary levels.

Yet, these are just potential threats,…. [read more]

Presentation of Someone Searching for Funding to Support Preservation Programs Research Paper

… ¶ … Heritage Sites in Danger

The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization maintains a list of its own World Heritage Sites that are in particular danger at any given time. These sites may be cultural or biological; this essay will profile two such natural sites that deserve our immediate and urgent attention: The Galapagos Islands in Ecuador, and the Niokolo-Koba National Park in Senegal. In both cases, additional funding will help with desperately needed new protections. For each site, a summary of the unique diversity and biological inter-relationships will be provided. These assets will be followed by a discussion of the most pressing threats facing the areas, and then a description of why current protections are insufficient. Finally, a snapshot of the current…. [read more]

Funding for Nigeria's Military Research Paper


12. Global Security (2018) states that “one of the contentious provision of National Defence Policy [NDP] is funding. It is very possible to actualize the provision of the NDP, if the government adequately funds the AFN to transform it to the standard required to achieve the NDP.” The NDP pointed out that defence equipment should be updated so that Nigeria’s military can perform the services expected of them. However, obtaining the funding to update equipment is an issue. Even if a broad range from 1.5% to 3% of GDP were to be recommended based on international figures, Nigeria would still fall far short in its current allocation of funds to defence. In order to provide…. [read more]

Should DDT Be Banned Worldwide? Term Paper



The chronology of DDT opposition

The reasons why DDT should be banned worldwide

The alternatives to DDT

In this work, we present a rigorous debate on why DDT should be banned world wide and better and sustainable strategies employed in managing the global malaria deaths and complications. This is conducted with a discussion on the effectiveness of non-DDT-based solutions as well as the suitable methods of implementing non-DDT-based solution to the malaria problem

The DDT debate is one of the most controversial debates in the contemporary society and academia that is seen to present a possible clash in views in the domain of science, technology as well as society in general (Easton,2005). This is because DDT a chemical for controlling the spread of…. [read more]

African Studies and Multiculturalism Term Paper

… African Studies and Multiculturalism

An article by Mineke Schipper, titled "Knowledge is like an ocean: insiders, outsiders, and the academy," has as its focus the discussion the "unequal power relations that persist" between Africa and the Western world. The piece, published in Research in African Literatures, also points to the fact that African scholars who wish to participate in the discussion vis-a-vis those "power relations" are for the most part shut out due to "a continued marginalization and inequality in access to information and dialogue."

Schipper uses several analogies to make the point that "various kinds of people" have been kept out of sciences and also kept "outside the boundaries of 'civilized mankind.'" And in the process of making the point that Africans, in particular,…. [read more]

West African Kingdoms Ghana, Mali Term Paper

… European slavery, on the other hand, regarded slaves as property. The status of slavery was hereditary and would continue through life. Slaves in the United States were also forced to adopt the religious customs of their masters. As a result, they lost many aspects of their magic and Islam-based cultures as they adopted the Christian traditions prevalent in the Americas.

This context should form the backdrop in studying the role Africans themselves played in the slave trade. Historians like Basil Davidson contend that many African slave traders had no idea about the conditions of the Middle Passage, as well as the significant differences in the European concept of slavery (Davidson 211). They were unaware of the conditions that awaited many of their kin in the…. [read more]

Catholic Voices Data Analysis Data Analysis Chapter

… " (Allen, 2010) It is stated that what is needed is "to reflect on this experience, how well it went and what we can learn from it, and then think about the future. Of course, the future will require funding, where it will come from and so on. Without a papal visit on the horizon, will there be the same generosity we've had from this team?" (Allen, 2010)

Allen (2010) reports that the debate with Christopher Hitchens and Archbishop John Onaiyekan of Nigeria was "a massacre. They started out about sixty percent against the motion and they ended up being 95% against it or something like that. The motion was "the Catholic Church is a force for good in the world," so it wasn't exactly…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Legal Issues International Law Term Paper

… Criminal Justice Legal Issues

International Law

Legal Systems

There are four types of legal systems in existence in the modern world: civil law, common law, customary law, and religious law. All four types of legal systems have lengthy histories and share some common elements. In addition, one can see the overlapping influence of different legal systems in each different type. In fact, some countries actually have hybrid legal systems. The most common pure legal systems are those based on civil law, which derived from the Roman system of law and is associated with much of Europe and lands that were once under European control. The least common pure legal system is the religious system, though religious influences can be seen in almost every other type…. [read more]

Domestic and External Factors Essay

… Typically, fluctuation in the exchange rate affects the ability of the African countries to secure foreign currencies. Since African countries largely import large percentages of capital goods from advanced countries, they will need foreign currency, such as dollars, to import these types of goods. However, volatility of exchanges rates primarily affects the ability of African countries to import capital goods from advanced countries. Over the years, African countries do not enjoy favorable exchange rate, the unfavourable foreign exchange rates experience by the African countries is the issue that affects the macroeconomic policy of the African government. Blanchard, Dell'Ariccia and Mauro (2010) argue that large fluctuation of exchange rates can largely disrupt economic activity and unfavorable exchange rates could also significantly result to a financial instability.…. [read more]

Nigeria Demographics and Population Growth Research Paper

… Meeting the economic needs of the populace is the major issue that needs to be addressed in Nigeria.

Population Policy


Nigeria’s current population policy includes promoting contraception in order to curb the fertility rate of the country. As Kazeem (2018) points out, “the modern contraceptive prevalence rate among married women increased to 9.8%—far less than the 30.2% policy target.” This approach to population policy is rooted in the concept of control more than it is in the concept of support. Part of the problem is that in Nigeria, there is no real sense of how to support a growing population or what is needed. The culture is simply not developed in terms of addressing these needs and leadership is not helpful in…. [read more]

Nigeria and EU ECOWAS EPA Trade Deal Debate Essay


Legally, the deal could improve customs issues, inspections, trade and trade by bringing Nigeria into conformity with formal, regulated standards that would have to be adopted. Currently, Nigeria’s customs issues are a drag on trade and represent a barrier in and of themselves (Oguanobi et al., 2014).

Implications for Nigeria

If Nigeria continues to reject the EPA, it sets itself up against the EU and the other ECOWAS states. It aims to become a world player and a developed industrialized nation—but without partners on the world stage it will be difficult for Nigeria to actually be competitive. If Nigeria accepts the EPA, it sets itself up to potentially benefit down the road from positive relations with other nations around…. [read more]

Analyzing Decision Making Opportunities Research Paper

… ¶ … Community Resources

Policymakers, educators, and every other person involved in education are searching for means of utilizing the limited resources effectively and efficiently to help them solve problems that arise in the education sector and to make quality education available. Their combined efforts have in no small measure helped the realization of the importance and advantages of community involvement in educational accessibility and standard. However, this does not mean that community involvement is a new trend in educational delivery. It didn't just appear suddenly as a solution to certain complex problems that relate to education. As a matter of fact, not every community has played an important role in education. For example, Williams (1994) argues that prior to the middle of the last…. [read more]

Ecofeminism: In Search of Universal Remedies Thesis

… Ecofeminism: In Search of Universal Remedies for Women & Nature

"Women just see that there can be no liberation for them and no solution to the ecological crisis within a society whose fundamental model of relationship continues to be one of domination. [Women] must unite the demands of [their] movement with those of the ecological movement to envision a radical reshaping of the basic socio-economic relations and the underlying values of this society…"

(Mellor, 1997, p. 297).

Ecofeminism cannot be seen as a single theory or strategy espoused by any specific organization or movement. Ecofeminism can in fact be viewed as a choir with many voices contributing a diversity of pitch, range, sharps and flats and indeed harmony in some cases as well. This paper…. [read more]

Open Skies Agreements Research Proposal

… ¶ … Open Skies Agreements on Domestic and International


Current Status of International Open Skies Agreements

The Economic Impact of Open Skies Agreements

Open Skies Agreements: A Dual-Edged Sword

The aviation industry has suffered from a triple whammy during the past decade. Following the horsewhipping the industry received as a result of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, a more recent global recession and skyrocketing energy costs have caused a number of legacy carriers to seek protection using Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings while others have simply folded. The current state of affairs, though, did not develop during the past decade alone, but is rather the results of almost a century's worth of increasing deregulation of the aviation industry in the United States. For…. [read more]

Hezbollah Financing Diamond Trade in West Africa Term Paper

… Hezbollah Financing:

Diamond Trade in West Africa

While there has been an increasing amount of research in recent years concerning the nature of organizations and the networks that help them communicate from a positive perspective, there has been a paucity of scholarly investigation into how these networks are being used by terrorist organizations to support and fund their global agenda. The nations of West Africa in particular have been confronted with something of a "resource curse" when it comes to their diamond resources, and the illicit trade in diamonds in many of these countries has resulted in both domestic and international conflicts over the years. The exploitation of these natural resources over the years has also meant that many of these mineral-rich emerging nations have…. [read more]

Relationship Between Population Growth and Economic Development Term Paper

… Economics

Relationship Between Population Growth

And Economic Development

This report aims to discuss some of the relationships between population growth and economic development. Economic growth is an objective of every nation in this highly globalized economy. Every African, Asian and European nation would love to mimic the United States and China in the sense of economic production. As each nation attempts to grow their own Gross Domestic Product, one would think that each and every citizen of those growing nations would directly benefit in direct proportion to growth. The Gross Domestic Product has most often been used as one of the world's economic growth and well-being indicators. The Gross Domestic Product is used because it represents a total value of all products and services bought…. [read more]

Islam in America Term Paper

… Islam in America


The origin of this word Shari'ah is from Shara'a and a few other names of it are Shar', Shir'ah and Tashri'. The Shari'ah represents the canonical laws of the Islam religion. The legislative power of the government rests with the legislative assembly and the legislators are to formulate rules and conventions within the range and scope of the Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet or s.a.w. These rules form the Shari'ah. (Sharia'h: (

Sharia" is conventional Islamic law, which is also referred to as Allah's Law. Typically Islam draws no difference between religious and secular life. Thus Sharia includes not only holy rites, but also many features of everyday life. The phrase itself means way to water or a break…. [read more]

Blood Diamonds Greg Campbell: Tracing Essay

… In response to Sierra Leone President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah's plea for peace in the same year, the RUF started dumping dismembered body parts of their victims on steps of Tejan's presidential palace. The RUF, however, is not alone in inflicting so much pain on Sierra Leoneans, but one among other three groups who have been almost "indistinguishable in their tactics of atrocities" (p. xx).

Campbell argues that the story of "blood diamonds" does not end in Sierra Leone and its neighboring countries. The list of participants in this illegal business include corrupt customs officials, Russian and Israeli businessmen who supply smuggled Soviet weaponry to all warring factions in Sierra Leone, Lebanese and South African merchants involved in the trade, De Beers Group (the diamond mining…. [read more]

Functionalism Is. What Advantage Term Paper

… According to this principle, two things are one and the same if there is no way of informing them to be separate. For instance, let x and y are two things, then they are indistinguishable if and only if any predicate possessed by x is also possessed by y and vice versa. Simply put, if an object appears like a duck, strolls like a duck, and quacks like a duck, and then it is a duck. (Identity of indiscernibles)

According to Leibniz's law, all the properties of A and B. should be same in order for them to be one and the same thing. On the other hand, A and B. cannot be one and the same thing if they have dissimilar properties. Also if…. [read more]

Slave Community. In the Development Research Paper

… This happened especially in communities in the South-Eastern part of the United States (Hamer, Trinckley, 1997), especially in South Carolina. One of the explanations for this is the large proportion of the African-American population in the total population in the state, which had surpassed the population originating from Europe by the end of the 17th century. Many of them had originated from what is now Gambia, Sierra Leone or Angola, as much as 50% (Hamer, Trinckley, 1997), with a remarkable cultural uniformity, general accepted to be a result of the fact that plantation owners in South Carolina specifically sought out slaves from these regions.

Such elements were passed on in neighboring Georgia as well, where many of the slaves' accounts point towards the elements that…. [read more]

Health Psychology: Overeating Peer-Reviewed Journal

… Furthermore, overeating behaviors may arise from cultural influences or influences related to the individual's race or ethnicity. Various treatment programs are available while none claims to have the only successful outcomes. There is a great need for additional research on overeating behaviors in order to inform the practicing community concerning the best available treatment options for individuals with an overeating disorder.


Ackard, D.M., Neumark-Sztainer, D. And Story, M. (2003) Overeating Among Adolescents: Prevalence and Association with Weight-Related Characteristics and Psychological Health. Pediatrics Vol. 111 No. 1 January 2003. Retrieved from:

Astrup, A. (1998) The American paradox: the role of energy-dense fat-reduced food in increasing prevalence of obesity. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 1: 573 -- 577. | Article | PubMed |

Berry,…. [read more]

Female Circumcision in Africa Term Paper

… Female Circumcision

Varying Conceptions of Female Genital Cutting

Female circumcision, common in many African nations, is commonly associated with many assumptions and stereotypes. Among these are the beliefs by many Westerners that female circumcision is forced on women, that it is carried out using primitive methods, and that it is horrible and barbaric in all cultures where it occurs (Dellenborg, 2004). Many of these assumptions are based in fact and do accurately depict the methods some women have undergone ("Female genital mutilation," 2006). Some current research, however, suggest an alternate view of female circumcision. Some cultures are carrying out these practices in a manner that defies stereotypes and reinforces cultural value, sometimes even increasing the roles and power of women in the community (Dellenborg, 2006;…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.