Viewing papers 1-10 of 10 for pros AND and AND cons AND of AND cultural AND relativism

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Ethical Subjectivism Essay

… The most obvious objection to subjectivism is that it is very difficult to govern a society based upon ethical relativism. "If moral statements have no objective truth, then how can we blame people for behaving in a way that 'is wrong', i.e. If "murder is wrong" has no objective truth, then how can we justify punishing people for murder?" (Introduction to ethics: Subjectivism, 2012, BBC). Some agreed-upon norms are needed to make society functional, and people are less likely to behave according to law if they do not believe the law has some sort of objective authority. While this may be the case, an ethical subjectivist would say that the notion that laws and standards have an intrinsic 'good' to them beyond some social consensus…. [read more]


Pros and Cons of Cultural Relativism Essay

… ¶ … Against Cultural Relativism

As innovations in transportation and telecommunications technology continue to make the world a smaller place, there are few places left on earth that remain untouched by modern civilization. The increasing exchange of ideas and international commerce has also introduced new questions concerning the legitimacy of cultural relativism in justifying acceptance of behaviors and practices in other societies that may be regarded as inappropriate, aberrant and even life-threatening. To determine the facts, this paper reviews the relevant literature including essays by Ruth Benedict and James Rachels concerning moral relativism to identify arguments for and against cultural relativism, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues in the conclusion.

ARGUMENTS FOR CULTURAL RELATIVISM

In her essay, "Morality…. [read more]


Ethics on the Surface Term Paper

… In some cases, ethical egotism can directly benefit others. For example, if my mother were dying of kidney failure but I could save her life by donating one of my kidneys it would be both in my self-interest and hers to save her life. It would be in my self-interest because for me because the pain of losing my mother, concurrent with the guilt, would significantly outweigh the pain of the transplant operation. Ethical egotism does not, therefore, preclude compassion or empathy. Many ethical systems would fall apart were it not for ethical egotism. For instance, when the catholic priest tells us that to sin brings eternal damnation it is in our best interest not to sin. We might not be inclined to act good…. [read more]


Ethics: Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… The cost of Health care can be reduced. Nurses and Doctors would have more time to save those who are going to live or those who wish to try to stay alive (Friend, 2011). Friends and Family have an opportunity to say their good byes. Also, their organs can be kept in order to help save others. Patients feel they have a selection, and may not be compelled to try other techniques to reduce their agony. The negatives comprise that numerous feel doctor assisted suicide goes against the physicians' Hippocratic Oath.

It also goes against a lot of religious beliefs. Research mentions that patients could give up on life to early. Doctors at times can abuse the procedure. Insurance companies and government could put unwarranted…. [read more]


Public Corruption Is an Obstacle Essay

… Moreover, I attest to the fact that corruption has escalated because of human stratification and changes that go hand in hand with adoption of modernism from the western societies.

Public corruption is an undertaking that has taken root in the modern society because of the attributed courses of human interaction. The westernization of the traditional human activities has led to decay of the strict rules and regulations that governed or shun public corruption in the society. Therefore, the westernization of the human activities has resulted in the generation of a society that has loose stratifications or attachments of management. Dealing with corruption should be attributed to the specified avenues of legal advancement and human willingness. For instance, corruption escalates because of the intent people develop…. [read more]


Pedagogic Model: Teaching Technology in Special Education Dissertation

… " (Dougiamas, 1998) Such trivial constructivism, though, is the bedrock from which Glaserfelds more radical constructivism springs. He continues to state that because knowledge is constructed by the learner, and because no two learners are the same, knowledge itself is not absolute. There is a degree to which knowledge is an illusion, and every individual constructs their own conception of reality which (while susceptible to the demands of "real" or normal reality) does not necessarily align with the normal paradigm. Constructivism does embrace this relativistic and existential approach to reality, but it also holds as a primary value the idea of constraint which enables the thinkers to participate in social interaction and mainstream reality. (Glasersfeld)



One interesting area of constructionist theory is…. [read more]


Sociology: Changing Societies Book Report

… A union leader in Washington, D.C., isn't a miner, but miner's groups are his reference group because he identifies so strongly with their needs and aspirations.

Primary groups refer to groups where a person received his or her first important lessons about life and social realities - most often, a typical primary group is the family. Individuals develop their self-concepts and their sense of themselves in a primary group. In a secondary group, such as the HR department at work, a person is less emotionally connected, and feels less totally included in the group's values and actions. A secondary group allows for roles to be played in order to carry out that group's utilitarian functions, whereas in a primary group, one's role is pretty much…. [read more]


Rights of Women in Islam Research Proposal

… ¶ … Misunderstood Role of Women in Islam

The Islamic faith represents one of the most widely spread and acknowledged religions in the world. Often misunderstood and even more often exploited, members of the Muslim faith have developed an identity in the modern world which is problematically associated to such issues as regional conflict, global terrorism and internal mistreatment of women. However, an examination of Islam finds it to be a deeply complex faith based in a rich history of tradition and progressiveness. First and foremost to that tradition is the relevance of its theological code of laws to everyday life of observant Muslims, which though today are perceived as only helping to intensify the stigma surrounding the people, are nonetheless a self-contained moral paradigm…. [read more]


Corruption in Government Essay

… This explains why autocratic governments actually actively participate in the corruption and why even governments that are attempting to reform their style of economy such as China still strongly maintain the areas of their economy that are most susceptible to corruption such as banking, the stock market, telecommunications and transportation. Maintaining such control allows the government to ensure that corruption will be minimized until such time as safeguards can be put in place that guarantee that the rule of law and a more transparent governmental structure can be organized.

Corruption or at least concerns about corruption also offer autocratic governments a scapegoat when the need arises. From time to time autocratic governments must purge a group or individuals that they consider to poise a possible…. [read more]


Ileana Final Portfolio Bioethics Essay

… Other examples include the Willowbrook and Tuskeegee experiments in Unit Four, which I had heard about but only in a diffuse anecdotal sense. Now I have a more formal understanding of the justification behind human subjects review and the importance of Institutional Review Board oversight before any experiment no matter how seemingly innocuous the treatment.

Once we had identified and mastered the concepts underlying these theories, we demonstrated their application in modern ethical controversies. The result was the realization that these ethics are each a process toward obtaining answers for sophisticated modern moral problems. Applying these historic perspectives played out through selection of examples that demonstrate how these methods provide a framework and process to evaluate new ethical conundrums Kant, Bentham, Mill or Aquinas likely…. [read more]

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